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Sharia News Watch 34

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  • Enzo Picardie <6vtmu001@sneakemail.com>
    Sharia News Watch 34 : a collection news quotes on Sharia, for research & educational purposes only. [*] Subscribe: shariawatch-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 27, 2003
      Sharia News Watch 34 : a collection news quotes on Sharia,
      for research & educational purposes only. [*]
      Subscribe: shariawatch-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
      all editions: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/shariawatch/


      Afghanistan gets $ 30m for judicial reforms 27 Jan 03
      The United Nations said on Sunday it has signed an agreement with
      Afghanistan on a $30 million project to reform the country's crumbling
      judicial system over the next two years.
      "This two-year project is a first major step towards reforming the
      justice system," [an UN spokesman] told a news briefing. The spokesman
      said the first part of the project would involve rebuilding and
      equipping courthouses across the country, training judges and other
      law officers and raising the capacity of the justice system.

      He said particular attention would be paid to ensuring gender equality
      and a greater role for women in the judicial system. He said part of
      the project would cover strengthening the teaching capacity of Kabul
      University's Faculty of Law and Sharia and the establishment of a
      legal research institute there.
      International donors pledged $ 30 million for the project at a
      conference on legal reform in Afghanistan in Rome last month. Italy
      has responsibility for legal reform as part of an internationally
      sponsored overhaul of the security sector.

      Cable TV Un-Islamic, Says Afghan Judge 21 Jan 03
      Mawlavi Fazl Hadi Shinwari, the chief justice and president of the
      Supreme Court, told Reuters he had issued orders on Monday to close
      down five cable television stations in Kabul following similar action
      in the eastern city of Jalalabad.

      "People who filed complaints to the Supreme Court said they were
      airing half-naked singers and obscene scenes from movies," Shinwari
      said. "Because of this, I asked the police to stop their activities.
      What they aired clearly was contrary to Islam and against morality and
      we had to issue the order."
      "Sharia (Islamic law) does not allow mixed education for girls and
      boys. I can say explicitly that co-education is not permissible in
      Islam and I want the implementation of the law of Islam," he said.
      Hundreds of thousands of girls have returned to school in Afghanistan
      since the Taliban was overthrown with the help of massive U.S. firepower.

      Shinwari said Western countries should not object to Islamic orders
      and rulings as under a U.N.-sponsored agreement that created Karzai's
      government, Afghanistan's judicial system was supposed to be independent.

      He said a religious commission composed of two clerics from each of
      Afghanistan's 32 provinces would be formed in a month's time to act as
      a consultative body to the government on religion.
      The United Nations and New York-based Human Rights Watch have
      criticized a recent decision by the conservative governor of the
      western city of Herat, Ismail Khan, forbidding the teaching of women
      by men and barring the holding of classes for women in the same
      building as those for men.
      http://iafrica.com/news/worldnews/202750.htm 21 Jan 03
      Afghan Minister of Information and Culture, Makhdoom Raheen, told AFP
      that cable networks would be permitted, providing they adhered to a
      code of self-censorship that has yet to be established.

      Humour, of a sort, has returned to the small screen in Kabul 22 Jan 03
      "Afghans have been fighting for 23 years and they really need comedy
      now," [director Mohammad Usman Azimi, Kabul Television] continues,
      insisting no subject is taboo in the new Afghanistan. "We can make
      jokes about anything now." Well, almost anything. "We just don't make
      jokes about politics. Or religion."


      MP calls for court to try corrupt officials 22 Jan 03
      A call went out yesterday for a special court to try any government
      officials accused of corruption. The administrative court would
      investigate and prosecute any cases of administrative corruption,
      Parliamant members heard at their weekly meeting yesterday.
      "Financial and administrative corruption are a set-back to the
      kingdom's developmental programmes and strict rules and punishment
      should be adopted to reduce such acts," said [First vice-president] Mr


      Russian Vehicle Torched In Chechnya, Three Russian's Dead, 9 Wounded
      .. 26 Jan 03
      On Saturday, two national-traitors from among the active officials of
      the aggressor regime were executed on the order of Shariat law court
      in Dzhokhar as a result of operational actions of mujahideen. Chechen
      sources informed about their successful subversive actions in the
      populated areas of Zhanni-Vedeno and Shali. [Kavkaz Centre]


      Rape in Islam: Blaming the Victim 22 Jan 03
      "For almost a year," observes Edward Said in this week's edition of
      Cairo's Al-Ahram Weekly, "American politicians, regional experts,
      administration officials, journalists have repeated the charges that
      have become standard fare so far as Islam and the Arabs are concerned.
      the French businesswoman Touria Tiouli went to court in the United
      Arab Emirates. Heedlessly risking the recycling of vague Orientalist
      clichés, Dubai officials have turned her charge that she was raped by
      three men on its head and accused her of zina, sexual activity outside
      marriage. In Dubai, a bastion of moderate Islam, this charge isn't
      punishable by stoning, as it is in more hard-line Muslim countries —
      it only carries an 18-month jail sentence.

      Tiouli continues to fight: on Sunday she entered a not guilty plea. To
      the claims of her attackers that she was a willing participant and, in
      fact, a prostitute whom they duly paid, she replied simply, "My lawyer
      will prove I did not consent. If I had consented, I would not have
      brought the case."

      Indeed, it's hard to imagine a prostitute in Dubai going to the police
      willingly under any circumstances. For Sharia courts all over the
      Islamic world seem only too willing to reinforce the stereotypes of
      Islam that Said deplores, particularly where women are concerned.
      Moreover, the prosecution has been careful to point out that Tiouli
      didn't call for help. "According to Islamic Sharia," says the Nigerian
      Imam Mallam Muhammad Sani Isa, "it cannot be considered rape unless
      you asked for help."


      Cairo makes belated progress on gender equality 20 Jan 03
      In early January, the press announced that Egypt's Supreme Judicial
      Council had nominated Tahany al-Gebaly as the country's first female
      sitting judge. President Hosni Mubarak is expected to confirm the
      appointment of Gebaly, a prominent Nasserist lawyer, to the Supreme
      Constitutional Court by the end of the month.
      Some conservative religious and legal scholars also argue that Sharia
      law prevents women from holding such posts. However, both major state
      theologians ­ the Grand Mufti and the Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar ­ have
      made statements favorable to the appointment of women judges; probably
      more importantly from the perspective of credibility, so has the
      supreme guide of the Muslim Brothers.
      In March 2000, for example, the government pushed through a reluctant
      Parliament a bill authorizing khula ­ the Koranic name for the new law
      for a form of divorce initiated by women ­ despite an outcry from
      conservatives that it would destroy the family. This law allows women
      to seek a divorce unilaterally with no questions asked, making Egypt
      the second country in the Arab world after Tunisia where women have
      divorce rights similar to those of men.
      The true test of Cairo's commitment to a role for women in the
      judiciary will come with the introduction of women to the normal
      judicial career path. Prospective judges are first expected to serve
      as prosecutors (in fact, some conservative resistance to the
      introduction came from judges and others who doubted women's ability
      to take hardship prosecutorial posts in the south). They are then
      appointed to the lower courts.

      Al Azhar library to go online soon 23 Jan 03
      "The portal, www.alazharonline.org, which will be operational soon, is
      being built by a leading company which has digitalised the U.S.
      Congress and the Vatican libraries and Russia's Hermitage Museum,"
      said bin Howairib.
      "The Holy Quran, Hadith and Islamic jurisprudence, as well as all
      manuscripts, articles and Fatwas (rulings) finalised until now will be
      downloaded onto the portal. The public will also be able to seek
      religious Fatwas online.
      "The project includes digitalisation of Al Azhar library books,
      ranging from ancient manuscripts to modern works, creating a portal
      dedicated to Al Azhar and a network for Al Azhar, connecting ten of
      its main institutions in Cairo."

      Al Azhar library was established in 1897, at the time of Imam Mohammed
      Abdo. It comprises 99,062 books and has 595,668 volumes of the most
      precious manuscripts and rare books. The library is considered second
      to 'Dar Al-Kutub Al-Masriah' in Egypt, as far as the number of books
      and rare literature is concerned.


      Muslim-friendly cola arrives in Germany 18 Jan 03
      [Dagmar] Lohmann is about to become the German distributor of Mecca
      Cola, a beverage that is socially acceptable for Europe's Muslims and
      has taken France by storm. Lohmann is hoping to repeat that success in

      "There's a huge market for Mecca Cola in Germany," Lohmann told
      DW-WORLD. "Coca Cola has become a symbol of American politics, and I
      can imagine there are a lot of people out there who would like to try
      something else. People who buy this drink are making a political
      statement -- and, of course, it is influenced by America's Iraq
      She says she will continue the company's charitable traditions, which
      have courted controversy in Germany. She says 10 percent of proceeds
      will go to support projects to school Palestinian children living in
      refugee camps and an additional 10 percent to European charities.
      Nor does she see any contradiction in operating a company that will
      simultaneously be selling a drink that through its very name shuns
      Western culture, and an alcoholic beverage that is banned in the city
      the cola drink is named after.


      Indonesian Muslims get an earful from Sudanese scholar 19 Jan 03
      A leading Muslim scholar from the Sudan has injected some high-octane
      political thinking into the furious debate going on here over the
      possible imposition of Islamic law, or sharia, saying that the concept
      is incompatible with democracy and the principles of modern statehood.

      Dr. Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, who now teaches in Atlanta [Emory U.],
      said in his public lectures here that Indonesian scholars should learn
      more about sharia and do comparative studies on other Islamic
      countries where it was officially implemented, such as Saudi Arabia,
      Afghanistan, Iran, and countries where sharia had been being
      campaigned and partly imposed, such as Sudan, Algeria, Nigeria,
      Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon. None of them is democratic.

      "Most advocates of the sharia do not know its content. But they made
      others hostage to their sharia campaigns," .. An-Na'im told a workshop
      of Muslim scholars on Friday.
      "It's incredible. An-Na'im gave incredible input to not only the
      modernist Muslims, but also our colleagues from Hizbut Tahrir whose
      [sharia] arguments were proven to be weak," said Nong Darol Mahmada of
      the Liberal Islam Network. Hizbut Tahrir is a Middle East-based
      political organization. Its Indonesian branch advocates sharia through
      public rallies and campaign. They argued that the Indonesian
      government should run the economy according to Islamic principles.
      Their well-known slogan is "sharia is the answer."
      An-Na'im called on his audience, who seemed to largely agree with him,
      to be straightforward in challenging sharia advocates. He demonstrtaed
      his point by confronting, case by per case, every question posed by
      the sharia advocates who came to his lectures.


      [Aghajari] Judge: academic's death sentence incorrect 19 Jan 03
      The death sentence imposed on an Iranian academic, which sparked the
      largest pro-reform protests for three years, was incorrect and should
      be overturned, a Supreme Court judge studying his appeal said Sunday.
      Ayatollah Mohammad Sajadi, one of the three Supreme Court judges
      reviewing the case, said the sentence contravened Islamic Sharia law.
      "I reviewed the case and I believe the necessary attention has not
      been paid to Aghajari's defence and that it [the verdict] is against
      Sharia and should be cancelled," the official IRNA news agency quoted
      Sajadi as saying.

      Guardian Council rejects Majlis bill to legalize satellite dishes
      http://www.payvand.com/news/03/jan/1115.html 22 Jan 03
      The Guardians Council (GC) in its latest meeting has rejected a Majlis
      bill to legalize satellite dishes citing discrepancies against the
      Iranian Constitution and the Sharia law, the press reported here on
      The bill, the GC stressed, would eventually lead to authorizing the
      unconstitutional and non-Islamic use of satellite dishes.


      Jordan detains journalists on Islam 19 Jan 03

      Three Jordanian journalists accused of slandering Prophet Mohammad and
      Islam were remanded to custody Sunday and their weekly publication was
      closed. The article discussed the prophet's sexual relations with his
      youngest wife, Aisha.
      IAF clerics issue fatwa against Al Hilal journalists 22 Jan 03
      The Islamic Action Front Party's [IAF, a coalition of Islamist parties
      including the Muslim Brotherhood] committee of clerics issued a fatwa
      late Tuesday branding Al Hilal weekly journalists who published an
      article "insulting" Prophet Mohammad as "apostates."

      "Islamic Sharia deems those who abase the Prophet, insult or slander
      him or his message as apostates and renegades," who, according to the
      Holy Koran, will burn in hell for eternity," said the page-long fatwa.

      The scholars were referring to an article published by Al Hilal weekly
      in its latest edition entitled "Aisha in the Prophet's home," and
      introduced as tackling "mythology of sex in Islam." The half-page
      feature, quoted Aisha as boasting about her sexual relationship with
      the Prophet and the fact that he favoured her over his other wives.
      State Security Court Prosecutor General Col. Mahmoud Obeidat last
      Thursday closed down the weekly and ordered a 15-day detention for
      Editor-in-Chief Nasser Qamash, Managing Editor Roman Haddad, and the
      writer of the article Muhannad Mbaidin.

      The three are charged with violating Article 150 of the Penal Code by
      publishing material that defames the Prophet, insults the dignity of
      the state and individuals, and leads to incitement, as well as
      publishing false information and rumours.


      Saturday Notes: Living without options under policymakers with control
      -and-ban mentality 25 Jan 03
      While suggestions for restrictions on the movements of youth and
      banning of posters and advertisements of Muslim women without the
      tudung and scantily dressed nonMuslim women have their proponents, the
      fact remains — controls and bans are of essence.

      When Perlis proposed the restriction and Kelantan implemented the ban,
      they may have forgotten or intentionally ignored the fact that the
      nation is already heavily regulated.

      How many nations in the world can claim to have as many different sets
      of laws and regulations to control their citizenry as Malaysia? If
      Federal and State civil laws are insufficient, the syariah is fast
      becoming a potent tool to regulate specifically Muslims in the
      country, who make up more than 60 per cent of the populace.

      At the same time, there are the seemingly endless by-laws, apart from
      the not-so-prominent native laws.

      Making things more complicated is that one segment of society is
      pushing for reforms to the civil laws, including the abolition of the
      Internal Security Act (ISA), Official Secrets Act (OSA) and other
      provisions governing the media, while another is promoting censorship
      and infringement of freedom.

      The proposal to restrict the movements of youth in Perlis definitely
      touches on freedom of movement, while the Kelantan laws are infringing
      on the freedom of choice, are gender-biased and, to a great degree,
      impose the will of one religion on others.
      In the case of the proposal from the Perlis leadership, it has
      supporters from parents and guardians who had lost control over their
      young charges. For those whose children are drug abusers or have
      become bohsia and bohjan (sexually active underage children) such a
      proposal is godsend.
      It can then be concluded that any programme on the idiot box featuring
      Malay Muslim women will require them to don the tudung, and surely
      they will not be allowed to perform in entertainment programmes. If
      that is the ambit of control to be exercised, foreign entertainment
      programmes would also need to be regulated, in case some gullible
      Malay Muslims may watch them and get corrupted.

      If the proposal is realised, it will only be a short-term solution to
      a social malaise, but in the long run, the effect of such policy may
      have negative effects on youth in the country.

      Furthermore, to come up with the proposal at a time when the national
      leadership is talking about the introduction of national service,
      another set of rules on youth can be quite damaging.

      Malaysian Muslim women told they could include 'no-polygamy clause'
      http://ummahnews.com/viewarticle.php?sid=1107 19 Jan 03
      In the latest twist to a controversial debate, Muslim women in
      Malaysia have been told that they have the right to include a
      no-polygamy clause in their marriage contracts.

      Ms Noriani Nik Badli Shah, research manager of Sisters in Islam, an
      NGO which lobbies for the rights of Muslim women, said not many Muslim
      women were aware of this right, and those who did were discouraged
      from using it by social pressure.
      Muslim countries such as Syria, Jordan, Morocco, Egypt, Iran, Pakistan
      and Bangladesh have already adopted the ruling that a husband who
      agrees not to take another wife in his marriage contract would be
      bound by that stipulation.
      Standard 'ta'liq' clauses in current marriage contracts here provide
      conditions for divorce only in cases of desertion, non-maintenance or

      Standardised Islamic Family Law in three months 25 Jan 03
      The standising of Islamic Family Law will be discussed at the Islamic
      Family Law Standardisation Issues Committee meeting on Feb 18.

      Women and Family Development Minister Datuk Seri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil
      said the committee, chaired by Minister in the Prime Minister's
      Department Datuk Seri Rais Yatim, would discuss the format used by
      Federal Territory syariah law as a draft towards implementing the

      The meeting would also discuss the process of setting up the Family
      Court to quicken the legal process for such cases, Shahrizat told
      reporters after launching the Galeri Gaya Hidup Sutera Harbour here
      She hoped, with the standardisation, the problems of individuals
      getting married in Thailand would be settled. Shahrizat said the
      standardisation would take three months.
      The Federal Territory syariah regulations will be used to standardise
      syariah laws in the country, said Women and Family Development
      Minister Datuk Seri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil.

      She said the newly set-up Inter-Ministerial Committee on Islamic
      Family Law had agreed to use the Federal Territory laws as a draft to
      be used in all states.

      [Penang] Ex-driver's deviant teachings banned 22 Jan 03
      The state Islamic Religious Council has issued a fatwa (edict) banning
      deviant teachings initiated by a former ambulance driver [Ismail
      Harun] in Permatang Kerai Besar, Kepala Batas.
      Among others, Ismail claims that he has the power to "terminate or
      extend" a person's lifespan and those who stopped following his
      teachings will either die or become mentally unstable.
      Dr Hilmi said the council might charge Ismail under Section 12 of the
      Criminal Syariah Offence Enactment 1996 which carries a jail term up
      to two years or a fine of up to RM 3,000 [EUR 750,-] or both.
      'Ismail claimed to be able to call upon Prophet Muhammad and other
      prophets in times of need. He also claimed he was taught the new
      religion by an angel.'


      Sharia Implementation - Are Muslims better off?
      .. [Daily Trust - Abuja]

      Amina Lawal appeal set for March 24 Jan 03
      A Nigerian Islamic court on Thursday ruled that Amina Lawal, the
      Nigerian woman sentenced to be stoned to death for bearing a child out
      of wedlock, will begin her latest appeal on March 25.
      After a brief hearing, Katsina State's top Sharia official, Grand
      Khadi Aminu Ibrahim, adjourned proceedings until March 25. In doing
      so, he refused a request by the prosecution to be given six months to
      prepare its case — a delay which would have pushed the controversial
      trial beyond Nigeria's upcoming general and presidential elections,
      which are set for April.
      Lawal's defenders are employing a two-pronged defence in which they
      will say her conviction was unsafe because Sharia's own strict
      safeguards were ignored and also that applying Sharia in criminal
      cases is in breach of Nigeria's constitution.

      Etiebet absolves ANPP from Sharia tag 27 Jan 03
      National Chairman of ANPP, Chief Don Etiebet has debunked insinuation
      that his party was an Islamic party that would seek to enthrone
      Sharia if voted into power.
      Shedding more light on ANPP and Sharia issue, Etiebet said most people
      who were managing the affairs of the party were non-Muslims.
      So in ANPP today you have I, Don Etiebet, as the chairman of the party
      and I am from the South-South, how then could you call a party that is
      managed by me, a Christian, a Sharia party, when I am not even a
      Muslim? How could you call a party, whose Chairman of the Board of
      Trustees, Admiral Aikhomu, a Sharia party;
      And you will agree with me that since independence, a lot more heads
      of state or elected presidents had been Muslims and this Sharia issue
      has never come to the fore-front as it is today; so why don't you ask
      why is the Sharia issue today something to be talked about.

      Imam - Unqualified Mallams Are Destroying Sharia 18 Jan 03
      Mallam Muhammad Sani Isa, Imam of Waff Road Mosque and Forum House
      that carry out philanthropic and intellectual activities.
      Those who talk in favour of Sharia mostly lack sound knowledge of
      Sharia itself. Of course, it is wajib (compulsory) for Muslims to
      support and even propagate the fundamentals of Sharia. But it is very
      unfortunate that those who are considered as (scholars) in this part
      of the country, when you sit down and talk about Sharia with them, you
      find that they are not qualified to be addressed as mallams.
      99% of Sharia has nothing to do with courts. That is a wonderful
      aspect of it for those who know. So by way of assessing Sharia in the
      Northern states, we can say that it has created awareness. That Sharia
      is not only addressing crimes. But when it comes to progress and
      development, a lot of us still lament.
      What I am trying to say is that people are still crying of abject
      poverty, yet the Zamfara State governor is given to building expensive
      mansions. When he was asked over the BBC, he gave himself
      justification by saying that some of the prophet's companions were
      millionaires. so as long as his wealth is not from unlawful sources,
      there is nothing wrong with it. [Daily Trust - Abuja]

      We'll Campaign Against Non-Sharia Compliant Governors 18 Jan 03
      http://allafrica.com/stories/200301180166.html [Daily Trust - Abuja]
      Dr Ibrahim Datti Ahmed is the national president, supreme council for
      Sharia Implementation in Nigeria.
      First of all, to say that Sharia has been limited to the less-
      privileged is totally false. It is true that the less-privileged are
      more ignorant about Sharia and they tend to fall foul of Sharia more
      readily than the more-privileged, more educated.
      There is no ulama who has come out openly to oppose Sharia. There are
      certainly some who are pro-government on the issue of Sharia
      implementation, government is bribing them and buying them to its
      side. we know of cases like that, but no ulama has been bold enough to
      come out and oppose the Sharia implementation
      Even yesterday in the CNN world news, they were still talking about
      Sharia in Nigeria, that the government should curtail it. It has
      become a world issue now. So the question of fizzling out does not arise.

      [Katsina] Two Charged with Raping Minors 27 Jan 03
      Two suspected rapists have been dragged to the Sharia court in Katsina
      State for allegedly having carnal knowledge of under-aged girls in
      Kankara Local Government in the state.

      The police prosecutor, Sergeant Magaji Adama, said one of the
      suspected rapists, Ibrahim Ayuba (23 years) sexually assaulted a
      four-year-old girl, whose father reported the matter to the police at
      Dandutse Quarters in Kankara town in the state.

      The police claimed that the mother of the girl was said to have
      discovered some whitish discharges on the girl's virgina when about to
      bath her. On investigation, it was discovered that one Ibrahim Ayuba
      was the culprit and was subsequently reported to the police.
      The victim was later taken to a hospital where it was diagnosed that
      she had contacted venereal disease.

      The prosecutor said the offence was contrary to the Section 228 (e) of
      the Katsina State Islamic code.

      In a related development, another suspect Mohammed Ibrahim, of Yangoje
      village in Kankara Local Government in the state, was also accused of
      raping a three-and-a-half-year-old girl. The prosecutor told the
      court that Shuaibu Sani came to the police post in the area to report
      the matter. Adama said the child was lured into the unlawful act on
      the said date.

      Both suspects admitted committing the offence and the matters were
      adjournmed till February.

      [Zamfara] Zamfara Dismisses Three Sharia Court Judges 25 Jan 03
      Zamfara Government has dismissed three sharia court judges for failing
      to write an examination conducted by the Depart-ment of Legal and
      Islamic studies, Ahmadu Bello Univ-ersity, Zaria.
      "The secretary in charge of sharia courts at the judicial service
      commission, Alhaji Abubakar Abdullahi, signed the letters,'' the
      source added.
      NAN recalls that in August, two sharia court judges were suspended for
      defying the government order on the examination. NAN reports that a
      committee set up by the state judicial service commission to find out
      the reasons behind the refusals, recommended disciplinary actions
      against the erring judges.

      [Zamfara] Fatwa: My Deputy was Misquoted, Says Zamfara Gov
      .. 22 Jan 03
      Speaking in an interview with BBC yesterday, Governor Ahmed Sani
      Yerima stated that his deputy Mamuda aliyu Shinkaf who passed the
      death sentence was misquoted by the media as he was only stating the
      position of Islam on the issue.

      "The fact is that the fatwa was not really a fatwa per se, the deputy
      governor was misquoted because he was simply trying to state the
      position of Islam as regards making derogatory remarks about Prophet
      Mohammed. Therefore, I can say that he did not pass a death sentence
      on Isioma", he stated. He therefore urged moslems not to seek to carry
      out the fatwa because nobody has the right to carry out such fatwa. He
      explained that only a government is vested with codifying laws and
      regulations and such that it is the responsibility of the courts to
      prosecute offenders.


      [NWFP] Shariat body to draft code of conduct: Check on CM, cabinet
      http://www.dawn.com/2003/01/27/nat12.htm 27 Jan 03
      The NWFP Nifaz-i-Shariah Council (NSC) in its maiden meeting here on
      Sunday decided to formulate code of conduct for the chief minister and
      cabinet members in accordance with Shariat.

      The meeting, presided over by its chairman, Mufti Ghulam Rehman, also
      reviewed the procedure in courts and decided to put forward
      recommendations about how to Islamise the procedural laws in different
      courts according to the findings of the Council of Islamic Ideology.
      The council general secretary said the provincial council would go
      through the recommendations of the CII and would give its findings for
      overhauling the judicial system in accordance with the Islamic
      teachings, keeping in view the powers enjoyed by the provincial

      In case, he added, if the provincial government lacked powers of
      implementing those recommendations, the issue would be referred to the
      provincial assembly.

      [NWFP] Pakistan author's murder condemned 25 Jan 03
      The London-based human rights group, Amnesty International, has
      expressed deep concern at the murder in Pakistan of the author, Fazal
      Wahab. Mr Wahab, an outspoken critic of radical Islamic clerics, was
      shot dead on Tuesday in Mingora, in North-West Frontier Province.
      Pakistani police failed to give him any protection although he had
      complained that he was receiving death threats, Amnesty said in a
      report on Saturday.
      His 2000 book Mullah ka Kirdar (The Mullah's Role) was banned amid
      angry protests. Two years ago, local clerics issued a religious
      ruling declaring him a non-believer. Last year, he published a book
      critical of Osama Bin Laden and his former Taleban hosts in Afghanistan.
      (Amnesty) said Mr Wahab's forthcoming book, Mullah ka Anjam (The
      Mullah's Fate) made "serious allegations of criminal activities
      against close relatives of local political leaders".

      [NWFP] Pakistan Province Purges CDs, Videos 18 Jan 03
      In front of a crowd of more than 1,000 people, officials doused
      gasoline on the materials piled up in a bazaar in Peshawar. Police
      Chief Tanveer ul-Haq Sipra then set the pile on fire.
      The burned material included English-language, Indian and Pashtun
      films, as well as pornographic films and Turkish dancing.
      But Aslam Khan, an employee at a local movie theater, said attendance
      had fallen by half in the past month since the theater stopped showing
      films considered obscene by the government.
      The government also plans to ensure that there is a female doctor in
      every village, and that women have opportunities to work.

      [NWFP] Religious leaders to waive interest on loans for 30,000 people
      http://www.cbc.ca/cp/business/030118/b011802.html 20 Jan 03
      A senior minister .. said Saturday his government will waive interest
      on loans obtained by thousands of people because the payments are not
      in keeping with Islamic teaching.
      [Finance Chief Sirajul] Haq said the interest would be waived on
      30,000 loans taken out by traders and farmers at the provincial
      Co-operative Bank. In most cases, Haq said, the traders and farmers
      had defaulted on the loans because of high interest rates.

      He said the new government will give them until the end of March to
      pay back the principal on the loans, and waive all interest payments.
      Because the loans were in default, Haq said the move would actually
      generate income as people repay principal.

      "We have decided to waive 175.6 million rupees [EUR 2,8 ml.] interest
      on the small loans obtained by the people for starting business or
      other purposes,'' he said.


      Pilgrimage: The walking rituals [Tawaf] 19 Jan 03

      Hajj – Getting To Its Essence By Dr. Habib Siddiqui 24 Jan 03


      Muslims call for inquiry into Hajj fiasco 17 Jan 03
      The African Muslim Agency (AMA) today called on the government to
      establish a commission of inquiry into the mangled organisation of
      Muslim pilgrims' charter flights to Mecca.
      Choonara said a commission of inquiry was necessary in order to
      determine who is responsible for the unconfirmed return air charter
      flights to South Africa, the additional costs and the loss of benefits
      suffered by the pilgrims.
      Hundreds of Muslims were stranded in airports around the country when
      flights they had booked for the annual pilgrimage to Mecca did not
      take off.
      Approximately 2000 pilgrims across the country have been stranded for
      over 10 days with many distressed and uncertain about their fate as
      regards their flight back home after the Hajj season.


      Sudan compromise urged 23 Jan 03
      Sudanese Vice-President Ali Uthman Muhammad Taha told state radio that
      the government was committed to Sharia law in northern Sudan and that
      the south would have special status. He added that the application of
      Sharia law in Khartoum was not up for discussion. The SPLA has said
      that it wants Khartoum Sharia-free, or the capital of the country
      moved to the south.


      [Finsbury Park Mosque] A haven for faithful hijacked by extremists

      [Central Mosque Luton] At Your Service 25 Jan 03


      Muslims Upset With Oklahoma Driver's License Photo Requirement
      http://www.ktul.com/news/stories/0103/70154.html 17 Jan 03
      The president of the Greater Oklahoma City Islamic Society says Muslim
      women should not be forced to take off their head scarves for a
      driver's license photo.

      [Florida] Woman sues state for not allowing veil in license photo
      .. 23 Jan 03
      A Muslim woman has sued the state of Florida for a second time for
      refusing to issue her an identification card because she won't lift
      her veil for the photo.
      She first sued when her driver's license was revoked in 2001 because
      she would not uncover her face for a new license. At the time she had
      a license with her veil covering most of her face. But after Sept. 11,
      2001,in a security crackdown, the state tightened requirements for
      getting a license and demanded full-face photos.


      Farish A. Noor - Upholding the `adab' of diverse opinions 25 Jan 03
      One of the saddest things about the contemporary Muslim world is the
      inability of Muslims themselves to abide by the adab (customary
      etiquette) of differences of opinion that has been developed by
      countless generations of alim ulama over the centuries.
      Lest it be forgotten, the body of Islamic laws and social norms which
      come under the general description of Syariah accepts the internal
      differences that naturally exist in any society as Islam recognises
      the fundamental pluralism that exists in any community.

      The way is open for civil debate on all issues "be they questions of
      class, gender, race relations or power differentials in society", for
      these issues come under the profane realm of siasah (politics and
      governance) which are historically-bound, culture-specific and manmade.

      Islam's Love-Hate Relationship with Homosexuality 24 Jan 03

      Sharia can't be an exception to international human-rights norms
      .. 19 Jan 03
      The principal aim of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
      (UDHR) was to create a framework for a universal code based on mutual
      By and large, consensus was reached on the universality of human
      rights, but a new concept — that of "cultural relativism" — was to
      evolve soon after the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran.
      One "religious" example of this was the "Universal Islamic Declaration
      of Human Rights," proclaimed at UNESCO in 1981 and followed by the
      "Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam" (CDHRI), adopted in
      August 1990 by the 19th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers of the
      45 OIC countries.
      In October 1998, the Association for World Education requested from
      the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) an
      explanation for the inclusion of this religious "Declaration" in the
      U.N. publication, A Compilation of International Instruments, vol. II
      (1997), pp. 478-84.
      It is significant that article 24 of the CDHRI states that it is
      "subject to the Islamic sharia," and its article 25 confirms that
      sharia "is the only source of reference for the explanation or
      clarification of this Declaration." It is thus clear that sharia has
      supremacy, and that the 1990 CDHRI has primacy — in the view of its
      authors — over all universal instruments, including the International
      Bill of Human Rights (UDHR included) and all other U.N. covenants.
      In October 1998, the Association for World Education requested from
      the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) an
      explanation for the inclusion of this religious "Declaration" in the
      U.N. publication, A Compilation of International Instruments, vol. II
      (1997), pp. 478-84.
      It is significant that article 24 of the CDHRI states that it is
      "subject to the Islamic sharia," and its article 25 confirms that
      sharia "is the only source of reference for the explanation or
      clarification of this Declaration." It is thus clear that sharia has
      supremacy, and that the 1990 CDHRI has primacy — in the view of its
      authors — over all universal instruments, including the International
      Bill of Human Rights (UDHR included) and all other U.N. covenants.
      Seven years earlier, in a press release, the Geneva-based
      International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) had strongly criticized the
      CDHRI, presented for approval at the OIC Summit Meeting of Heads of
      State and Government held in Dakar on Dec. 9, 1991. Its
      secretary-general — Adama Dieng, a Senegalese jurist — declared in a
      joint statement to the UNCHR for the ICJ and for the Paris-based
      International Federation for Human Rights (Feb. 1992):

      1) It gravely threatens the inter-cultural consensus on which the
      international human rights instruments are based;
      2) It introduces, in the name of the defence of human rights, an
      intolerable discrimination against both non-Muslims and women;
      3) It reveals a deliberately restrictive character in regard to
      certain fundamental rights and freedoms, to the point that certain
      essential provisions are below the legal standard in effect in a
      number of Muslim countries;
      4) It confirms under cover of the "Islamic Shari'a (Law)" the
      legitimacy of practices, such as corporal punishment, that attack the
      integrity and dignity of the human being.
      In his first report, dated February 1, 1994, the special rapporteur on
      the Sudan, Gaspar Biro, called upon "the Government of Sudan to bring
      its legislation into accordance with international instruments to
      which it is a party [signatory in 1986]."
      In its official "Comments on the Report," Sudan announced: "All
      Muslims are ordained by God to subject themselves to Shari'a Laws and
      that matter could not be contested or challenged by a Special
      Rapporteur or other U.N. agencies or representatives."
      In international relations, human-rights issues are frequently
      interpreted as belonging to the moral-religious sphere — despite the
      existence of legally binding international covenants that have
      developed the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.


      [Dubai] Islamic Finance: Some misperceptions about Murabaha 27 Jan 03
      It will help us understand that the function of Murabaha does not
      violate Sharia principles in any manner whatsoever. Why different
      prices for cash and credit sale under a Mura-baha transaction?
      Some quarters argue that increasing the price of Murabaha goods for
      the deferred payment period is akin to charging the interest. Let us
      examine this issue for our better understanding.

      Please keep in mind that, according to Sharia, money and commodity
      have different characteristics and therefore, they are treated
      differently. The owner of a commodity is at liberty to set the price
      and the buyer too has his own free will whether to buy the commodity
      at a certain price.
      This is because if the seller would have got the spot payment, he was
      in a position to re-invest it immediately in the other goods and earn
      more profit. By allowing time to the buyer for payment, he is getting
      deprived of that additional profit. On the other hand, buyer willingly
      takes it upon himself to compensate the seller for such lost profit.

      Therefore, it is not prohibited by Sharia to set different prices of
      the same commodity if sold on cash or deferred payment basis provided
      the buyer has accepted either of the price willingly since the agreed
      price is against a commodity and not against money.

      However, the most important aspect which differentiates an Islamic
      bank from a conventional one is that once the price is fixed, it can
      not be changed irrespective of whether the buyer pays in time or
      defaults. This position is accepted unanimously by all schools of
      Islamic jurisprudence and majority of the Muslim jurists.
      We have discussed it earlier in this column that benchmarking of
      Murabaha profit, or profit for any Islamic financing product for that
      matter, is based on various cogent reasons such as wider understanding
      of the interest rate benchmarks in the region, the absence of an
      Islamic profit benchmark and the fear on the part of the customer for
      ending up paying higher than the market.

      [Dubai] Dubai becoming Middle East's major diamond hub 22 Jan 03
      ABN Amro Bank, the world's leading diamond and jewellery financier,
      boosted Dubai's ambitions last week of becoming a major diamond hub in
      the region by signing a strategic deal with Dubai Islamic Bank (DIB)
      and Dubai Metal and Commodities Centre (DMCC) to provide finance
      packages for the gold and diamond industry.
      For ABN Amro, currently the only international bank in Dubai offering
      services to the diamond and jewellery sector, it is a unique
      opportunity to offer Islamic financing through DIB. The packages will
      be fully compliant with Islamic Sharia.
      Dubai's growing importance comes against the backdrop of Israel's
      declining role as a cutting centre due to political violence and
      increasing competition from countries like India and China with high
      skills levels and low labour costs. There are growing concerns in
      Antwerp, though, about a gradual tightening of regulations under
      European single market policies.

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