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Sharia News Watch 26

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  • Norbert Roovers
    Sharia News Watch 26 : a collection news quotes on Sharia, for research & educational purposes only. [*] AFGHANISTAN Reconstruction: Islamic Law School
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 1, 2002
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      Sharia News Watch 26 : a collection news quotes on Sharia,
      for research & educational purposes only. [*]

      AFGHANISTAN

      Reconstruction: Islamic Law School Reclaims Its History 21 Oct 02
      http://www.afgha.com/article.php?sid=17153 [..]

      Sharia to be New Afghan Legal System 30 Nov 02
      http://www.paknews.com/specialNews.php?id=1669&date1=2002-11-30
      ..
      The head of a new commission tasked with reforming Afghanistan's legal
      system said Thursday it will still be based on traditional Islamic
      law, which allows authorities to sever the hands of thieves and stone
      adulterers to death .
      ..
      Commission Chairman Bahauddin Baha said Islamic law, or Sharia, cannot
      be changed . "No commission will replace the rule of Islam. Our
      country is an Islamic country and we will implement Islamic law," he
      said . He said those laws were still enforced in Afghanistan. However,
      no amputations or stonings have been reported since the hardline
      Taliban government was overthrown last year in a U.S.-led war .
      Baha said such punishments were unlikely because the burden of proof
      required is so great that they would be difficult to implement .

      'Kept in a cage' - life under Governor Ismail Khan 30 Nov 02
      http://atimes.com/atimes/Central_Asia/DK30Ag04.html
      ..
      But beneath the tidy facades, Herat is governed by a climate of fear
      and fundamentalism. Nearly all the city's women are covered in
      all-enveloping burqas. Wedding parties have been banned in hotels and
      restaurants for fear of men and women mixing. Some 100 young women in
      the province are reported to have set themselves on fire this year in
      an effort to escape arranged marriages. Public criticism of the
      provincial government is virtually nonexistent. There is no
      independent press and no freedom to hold public meetings.
      ..
      Zama Coursen-Neff is one of the co-authors of the Human Rights Watch
      report. She recently explained to RFE/RL why the organization decided
      to focus almost exclusively on Ismail Khan. "Human Rights Watch has
      also done research about human rights violations in the north and in
      the south [of Afghanistan], but we picked Herat for [this study for] a
      number of reasons. One reason is that some of the security issues that
      are such a problem in the north and in the south are not present in
      Herat. We picked Herat, in part, because Ismail Khan has brought more
      security to the region, but at the same time has demonstrated what
      happens when you put power in the hands of a warlord.

      "Since he gained control of that area, he has been incredibly
      repressive to the people that live under his control. In some ways,
      it's a bit of a prediction of what can happen to other parts of
      Afghanistan. In other ways, it's a good place to look at because it is
      considered one of the worst areas in Afghanistan for women's human
      rights and because there is such a range of repressions of civil and
      political rights in Herat," Coursen-Neff said.
      ..
      [Ismail Khan] also urged those in attendance to take immediate action,
      as part of a jihad, or holy struggle, against any wrongdoers or
      opponents of Sharia Islamic law. "[Some] immoral people are trying to
      lead our society toward immorality. There is no need to take [these
      people] to the police station or to the Ministry of Vice and Virtue.
      Why don't you [yourself] prevent some of our brothers and sisters from
      committing actions which are against our religion, our country, and
      Sharia [law] in some of the shops or in other parts of the city,"
      Ismail Khan said.
      ..
      Haroon said that Afghans in Herat did not enjoy the civil liberties
      enjoyed by citizens in Kabul. Male teachers, he said, can't wear
      neckties to class, female students are segregated and are only taught
      by female teachers, and Islamic lessons are now taught more frequently
      in school. He said that the people of Herat were searching for an
      alternative. "Since [Ismail Khan] doesn't have any rival in Herat,
      there's not a person to replace him. If there really was someone who
      could replace him or oppose him, I can say that most of the people
      would support [that person] because Ismail Khan has monopolized the
      government, and no one is given the right [to do anything]," Haroon said.

      BANGLADESH

      Prime Minister Khaleda performs Umrah 01 Dec 02
      http://independent-bangladesh.com/news/dec/01/01122002mt.htm#A6
      ..
      Prime Minister Khaleda Zia performed Umrah on Friday. On arrival at
      Jeddah from Madina earlier on the day, she went to Makkah and took her
      Iftar at the Masjidul Haram. The prime minister and her entourage
      performed 'tawaf' around the holy Kaaba and made Sa'yee, the ritual of
      running between the hills of Safa and Marwa.

      They performed other rituals, including prayers, and offered special
      munajat seeking divine blessings for peace and prosperity of
      Bangladesh and the wellbeing of its people. Khaleda Zia also offered
      her Esha and Tarabi prayers at the Masjidul Haram.

      EGYPT

      500,000 beggars in Cairo streets 22 Nov 02
      http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=3363
      ..
      Statistics issued by the Cairo-based National Center for Social
      Researches ( NCSR) showed that 500,000 beggars, of different social
      classes disperse in the Egyptian capital's crowded streets.
      ..
      Begging is a felony, according to Egyptian penal code. Begging is also
      condemned by the Islamic Sharia, which urges Muslim individuals to
      work to be able to earn a living.

      INDIA

      No discrimination on basis of religion, SC warns all govts 07 Nov 02
      http://www.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=16583
      ..
      Warning all governments not to pursue any policy preferential to one
      community, the Supreme Court has ruled in a landmark judgement that
      the essence of Article 30(1) of the constitution was to ensure equal
      treatment between majority and minority institutions.

      "The essence of Article 30(1) is to ensure equal treatment between the
      majority and the minority institutions. No one type or category of
      institution should be disfavoured or, for that matter, receive more
      favourable treatment than another," an 11-judge constitution bench
      headed by Chief Justice B N Kirpal ruled by 6:5 majority recently.

      INDONESIA

      Indonesia military urges curb on militia groups 27 Nov 02
      http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/JAK242324
      ..
      Indonesia's military chief said on Wednesday the world's largest
      Muslim country needed legislation to control the many civilian
      militias linked to religious and political groups.

      "The establishment of the brigades has no clear legal basis. But the
      excesses of it are anarchy and taking the law into one's own hands,"
      said military commander General Endriartono Sutarto.
      ..
      Leaders of the Indonesian Mujahidin Council (MMI), another Islamic
      group with a militia wing, have insisted they would not succumb to
      calls urging they follow the example of the Islamic Defenders' Front
      and Laskar Jihad, arguing they have done no wrong.

      [The council's chief, Abu Bakar Bashir] who has denied any wrongdoing,
      has said the council's militia wing would only be dissolved if Islamic
      sharia law was implemented in Indonesia. Proposals for a nationwide
      sharia law for Muslims have never passed despite sporadic attempts.

      IRAN

      'Aghajari case not to go to supreme court before Dec 3' 21 Nov 02
      http://www.iranmania.com/news/ArticleView/Default.asp?NewsCode=13082&NewsKind=CurrentAffairs
      ..
      [Lawyer] Saleh Nikzbakht said a hardline court in the western city of
      Hamedan, which on November 6 sentenced Aghajari to hang, was waiting
      for his client to make an appeal -- something that the academic has so
      far refused to do out of principle. "We consider the verdict in its
      entirety to be against the law and the Sharia (Islamic law), and we
      want the judiciary to cancel it immediately," Nikhbakht said.
      ..
      Last week, following mounting protests over the verdict, supreme
      leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the judiciary to revise the
      verdict, handed down after Aghajari questioned in a speech the Shiite
      Muslim clergy's right to rule.

      If Aghajari does not appeal, Nikhbakht explained, then the dossier
      will then be forwarded to the supreme court if either the head of the
      judiciary, the prosecutor general or head of the supreme court adhere
      to the supreme leader's order.

      Iran hardliners stage show of strength 24 Nov 02
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/2507895.stm
      ..
      There were about 2,000 women in the Basij demonstration The 15,000
      militia members, known as the Basijis, held their rally outside the
      building that was the American embassy in Tehran until it was stormed
      by militant students in 1979. While denouncing the traditional enemies
      Israel and the US, the Basijis, including some 2,000 women, vented
      their anger on Iran's reformist student movement.
      ..
      In an open letter addressed to the people of Iran, 134 journalists
      called for the release of four prominent men they describe as
      "political detainees ." The four include Mr Aghajari and three
      journalists. The journalists' letter criticises "the judicial
      establishment's interference in political and factional affairs". And
      the writers argue that judges are now widening the use of their powers
      to interfere in educational and research centres.
      ..
      Earlier this month parliament approved a bill that would give Iran's
      reformist President, Mohammed Khatami, the right to suspend judicial
      rulings. A draft bill approved by parliament on 10 November would
      allow him to suspend such verdicts.

      KENYA

      [comment] The Prairie Fire Spreads To Mombasa 28 Nov 02
      http://www.outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20021128&fname=raman&sid=1
      ..
      Either Al Qaeda and the IIF [International Islamic Front] have decided
      to strike at Israeli targets without worrying about the concerns of
      the Palestinian organisations or they undertook the Mombasa operations
      with the approval or at the instance of the Palestinian organisations,
      which have been disillusioned with the failure of the US to restrain
      Israel and, therefore, see no longer any need to keep away from bin Laden.

      KUWAIT

      Kuwaitis differ on role of Islam in classrooms 23 Nov 02
      http://www.timesdispatch.com/frontpage/MGB5NJ7XU8D.html
      ..
      Liberal Kuwaitis complain that state-run Islamic schools are breeding
      extremism and hatred of the West. Islamists say U.S. foreign policy is
      fomenting extremist ideas and argue that students need more Islamic
      education, not less.
      ..
      The two sides long have argued over education, with Parliament's
      powerful Islamist bloc passing a law to separate the sexes in
      university classes.
      ..
      Roughly 95 percent of state-educated Kuwaiti students attend
      mainstream schools offering standard courses such as math, languages
      and science, along with four to five hours weekly of Islamic studies.

      At the state-run religious schools, which educate the remaining
      students, the focus is heavily on Islamic education, with less time
      for other subjects. Many teachers at such schools come from
      fundamentalist groups such as the Social Reform Society - Kuwait's
      branch of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood - or the Salafis, who focus on
      strict adherence to Islamic traditions.
      ..
      After the Oct. 8 shooting of the Marine on Failaka Island, Kuwaiti
      Education Minister Misaed al-Haroun ordered a review to see if Islamic
      studies or other subjects were promoting extremism.

      MALAYSIA

      Malaysia bids for healthy US $600 million slice of health tourism
      http://www.irna.com/en/head/021129104552.ehe.shtml 29 Nov 02
      ..
      In an effort to attract more foreign patients, Malaysia plans to allow
      specialists to advertise their skills and to organise private wings
      for them in government hospitals. The move is aimed at boosting
      health-tourism revenue by more than tenfold to RM2.2 billion (US$ 579
      million) annually by 2010.
      ..
      While aiming for a global clientele, Malaysia would also be banking on
      its Islamic credentials, said Chua. He cited as an example the Brunei
      government, which is working cllosely with the National Heart
      Institute over religious issues such as prayers said before surgery
      and halal food.

      Private clinics face shortage of Monomune and Mencevax 30 Nov 02
      http://www.emedia.com.my/Current_News/NST/Sunday/Frontpage/20021201080332/Article/
      ..
      Private doctors are facing a shortage of both the non-halal Monomune
      and halal Mencevax vaccines despite claims by the National Fatwa
      Council of sufficient supply of Mencevax for those going on the Haj
      next month.
      ..
      [Dr Athimulam] was commenting on council chairman Datuk Dr Ismail
      Ibrahim's statement yesterday that pilgrims going on the Haj should
      not worry as there was sufficient supply of Mencevax.

      He had said this when announcing that the council had declared the
      Monomune vaccine haram as it had been found to contain amino acids
      derived from pigs, cows and ducks. The Mencevax vaccine does not
      contain substances extracted from animals, except for lactose from
      cow's milk. The raw materials used in manufacturing Mencevax are
      meningococcal and MuellerHinton media bacteria which are not derived
      from animals.
      ..
      Saudi Arabia had made it compulsory for pilgrims to take meningococcal
      meningitis quadrivalent ACYW 135 vaccinations before arriving in
      Mecca. This ruling came about after the latest outbreak of meningitis
      of the meningococcus group known as the "W135" strain, which had
      claimed several lives.

      Malaysian minister snaps over Aussie sniffer dogs 30 Nov 02
      http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/KLR270929
      ..
      Malaysian Trade Minister Rafidah Aziz blew her top at Australian
      security personnel for trying to use sniffer dogs to check her luggage
      during a visit to Sydney for a recent WTO meeting, newspapers said on
      Saturday.

      Rafidah said the Australians were insensitive in subjecting her to a
      screening using an animal considered haram, or forbidden in Islam,
      when they knew she was a Muslim.

      NIGERIA

      The editor and the generals 25 Nov 02
      http://media.guardian.co.uk/mediaguardian/story/0,7558,846727,00.html
      The Nigerian paper that printed the article about Mohammed and Miss
      World, sparking murderous riots, has a chequered history, says former
      employee Dominic Midgley [..]

      [Kaduna] Miss World pageant sparks fresh Nigeria riots 21 Nov 02
      http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L21139063
      ..
      The violence was the latest crisis sparked by Nigeria's plans to hold
      the Miss World contest, already hit by controversy after beauty queens
      threatened to protest against the sentencing of Muslim women in
      northern Nigeria to death by stoning for adultery.

      Witnesses in Kaduna said the protesters were blockading major highways
      with bonfires, destroying vehicles and attacking hotels. "Some
      churches have been burnt and people have also been killed, but I have
      no figures," said one senior police officer who asked not to be named.

      Kaduna pays dearly for sharia decision 22 Nov 02
      http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/554604
      ..
      The city of Kaduna, hit once more by bloody riots amid Muslim anger
      over a Miss World contest, has paid a far heavier price than those in
      other northern states where Islamic sharia law has been adopted.
      ..
      only Kaduna state, whose principal city has the same name, has
      suffered such heavy loss of life over the move.
      ..
      In the latest violence, more than 105 people have been killed and
      hundreds injured in rioting sparked by Muslim anger over Nigeria's
      staging of a Miss World pageant in Abuja, to be held on December 7.
      The violence erupted after a Lagos-based newspaper suggested that the
      Prophet Mohammad would probably have married one of the beauty queens.
      ..
      http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/11/22/world/main530423.shtml
      ..
      The rioting spread Friday 225 miles southwest to the capital, Abuja,
      where the beauty pageant is still planned to take place Dec. 7. Muslim
      protesters armed with sticks, machetes and daggers burned cars and
      attacked pedestrians outside the city's plush international hotels
      after gathering outside the central mosque following afternoon prayers.
      ..
      Islamist groups have warned for months that they would protest the
      pageant, prompting organizers to postpone the finale until after the
      Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Muslim groups say the pageant promotes
      promiscuity and indecency.

      How Nigeria Was Denied Miss World 25 Nov 02
      http://allafrica.com/stories/200211250125.html
      ..
      The violent protests which claimed several lives in Kaduna where it
      began last Wednesday however took a more dangerous dimension as
      reprisal attacks in three South-east towns, forced some Northerners
      resident in Owerri, Okigwe and Aba to scamper into safety in military
      barracks.

      In Aba, protesters who believed that some religious fundamentalists
      had hidden under the cover of the anti-Miss World protests to execute
      ethnic agenda by attacking Igbo-Christian traders resident in Kaduna
      and destroying their businesses decided to retaliate on Hausa traders
      in the commercial town. The protesters then stormed the Central
      Mosque and injured at least 10 people. They also destroyed goods and
      property on adjoining streets.
      ..
      Leader of the Hausa community in Aba, Alhaji Tanko Bello said the
      protesters destroyed food items, wares and razed all stalls located
      near the central mosque.

      The truth behind the Miss World riots 29 Nov 02
      http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,850959,00.html
      ..
      as this city of five-million struggles with a strict curfew and
      still-smoking ruins, a different story is emerging. Almost no one in
      Kaduna - Muslim or Christian - seems to have read Daniel's piece. Few
      have any knowledge of or opinion on Miss World. It was not until four
      days after the publication of the article that Kaduna's furious Muslim
      mobs organised themselves.

      When they did, the state governor's residence, businesses and a
      campaign office set up for a bitterly contested forthcoming election
      were primary targets. Motorists displaying the governor's bumper
      stickers were torched.
      ..
      [Kaduna's governor, Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi] admits that many
      casualties were shot by soldiers trying to quash what amounted to a
      revolt. A representative for the Nigerian Red Cross said it was
      "strange" that so many casualties had died of gunshot wounds in a
      popular riot.
      ..
      Kaduna's miserable slums, where most of the killing took place, make
      it achingly clear why Nigerians might kill to win political patronage.
      Sewage streams down streets where children play barefoot. This is
      despite Nigeria's huge oil revenues and oil reserves which may prove
      larger than Iraq's.

      More than 800 Nigerians Arrested For Rioting in Kaduna 25 Nov 02
      http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=7C7EEFC7-4B48-4681-A7A511556F6AB8A3
      ..
      Kaduna officials were to begin court trials for those detained Monday.
      But they have been delayed because of confusion over how to handle
      holding separate trials for Christians and Muslims in an area where
      strict Islamic law, or Sharia, is practiced.

      [Miss World] Muslim blames riot on pageant 24 Nov 02
      http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0,1113,2-11-1447_1289256,00.html
      ..
      The staging of the Miss World beauty pageant in Nigeria was the root
      cause of the riots in the mainly Muslim north of the country, rather
      than an article on the event, a Muslim leader said on Sunday.
      ..
      But Nabiu Baba Ahmed, secretary of the National Council of Sharia in
      Nigeria, said Muslims were angry that preparations for the pageant had
      begun in the holy month of Ramadan.

      The Miss World party left Nigeria early on Sunday, blaming media
      coverage of Nigeria for tarnishing the event. The grand finale of the
      competition is now to be held on December 7 in London.

      Protests follow Miss World to London 24 Nov 02
      http://www.sundayherald.com/29506
      ..
      Nobel literature laureate Wole Soyinka has an even starker view. He
      fears the violence could spark a civil war. 'The roof is already
      burning over President Olusegun Obasanjo's head,' he said. 'But he
      thinks it is not.'

      [Zamfara] Death call for fashion writer 27 Nov 02
      http://www.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,4057,5567740%255E2,00.html
      ..
      Zamfara State information commissioner Umar Dangaladima told AFP by
      telephone that the fatwa - an Islamic religious decree - had been
      confirmed against fashion writer Isioma Daniel, whose article sparked
      three days of bloody sectarian riots.

      "The state government did not on its own pass the fatwa," he said.
      "It's a fact that Islam prescribes the death penalty on anybody, no
      matter his faith, who insults the Prophet. "Therefore the state
      government has retained this verdict as it applies to Isioma. This is
      our position," he said.

      Zamfara's deputy governor Mamuda Aliyu Shinkafi said late yesterday in
      a speech to religious leaders in the Zamfara State capital Gusau and
      rebroadcast on state radio: "Like Salman Rushdie, the blood of Isioma
      Daniel can be shed."

      Beauty pageant 'must go on' 27 Nov 02
      http://www.washtimes.com/world/20021127-98354.htm
      ..
      The provincial ruling has yet to be tested in a formal Shariah court.
      Critics of predominantly Muslim northern Nigerian states where
      Shariah, or Muslim law, has been imposed say the declaration of a
      death penalty reflects an increasingly tense power struggle between
      the state and central governments.

      From the Nigerian capital, Abuja, a leading Islamic scholar told The
      Washington Times a death penalty would be justifiable under Muslim
      law. Those who cause death by reckless behavior could be put to death,
      said Hussein Mohamed. "Over 200 people have died because of that
      article," he said. "So why are you concerned about the fate of one lady?"

      Fatwa: Saudi, Adegbite, FG Fault Zamfara Govt 27 Nov 02
      http://www.thisdayonline.com/news/20021127news01.html
      ..
      Speaking in the same vein, an official of the Ministry of Islamic
      Affairs in Saudi Arabia which is the headquarters of Islam in the
      world, said the Fatwa by Zamfara State government should not have been
      passed if the author had apologised.

      Sheikh Saadal-Saleh who spoke to AFP on behalf of the Saudi Arabia
      Kingdom said "they have no right to kill if the person expresses
      regret and apologises as it is considered repentance. But if the
      person stands by his statements then the matter should be referred to
      a Sharia court to decide on a punishment, including death."

      The Saudi position therefore portrays the Zamfara declaration as both
      a subversion of the judicial process and a disregard for the position
      of the Islamic law. .. The Zamfara State government however
      explained that the Fatwa was right as it was made in response to the
      wishes of the people.

      "It's a Fatwa. It is based on the request of the people," spokesman of
      the state government Umar Dangalidima Magaj said, adding that this did
      not contradict the authority of Islamic clerics who have the power to
      issue a death sentence. "Being a leader, you can pass a Fatwa," he said.

      Magaji said a number of Islamic associations in the state had asked
      the state government to take action. The government had decided a
      Fatwa was appropriate and could defuse anger that night otherwise lead
      to further bloodshed.

      Sultan quashes fatwa on ThisDay reporter 29 Nov 02
      http://www.vanguardngr.com/articles/2002/headline/F129112002.html
      ..
      The Sultan of Sokoto- led Jamaatu Nasril Islam (JNI), yesterday ruled
      out of order the fatwa issued against Isioma Daniel, the ThisDay
      reporter by the Zamfara State Government, saying a meeting of the
      body's fatwa committee had been summoned to take a decision on issues
      arising from the publication which triggered the Kaduna mayhem.

      [Zamfara] Support for fatwa against Miss World reporter 30 Nov 02
      http://news.sify.com/cgi-bin/sifynews/news/content/news_fullstory_v2.jsp?article_oid=12181619&page_no=1
      ..
      But on the streets of Gusau, the fatwa is already a fact. "The deputy
      governor made public what was a collective decision, taken by the
      Muslim leaders of the town," said Shehu Maishanu, an influential
      Islamic leader charged with the application of Sharia.

      "He simply said what is in the Koran, that is that someone who insults
      the Prophet must die," he said. "It's the duty of all Muslims to kill
      her. It's too late for excuses. The only way she can escape her
      punishment is to convert (to Islam)."

      Maishanu said that Muslims were obliged to issue fatwas because "the
      state does not protect us" and accused President Olusegun Obasanjo of
      allowing the matter to get out of hand by failing to quickly condemn
      the Miss World article. "In any case, what's the life of that woman
      worth compared to that of millions of Muslims?" he asked.

      Miss World used in struggle for power 28 Nov 02
      http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=3006538
      ..
      Suddenly, in 2000, one state government after another across the north
      began to bring in Sharia law, causing great unease among the
      non-Muslim minorities in their midst. It was a recipe for religious
      conflict, and it was no coincidence at all that the 12 states which
      have adopted Sharia are precisely the ones where many Muslim voters
      broke away from their traditional religious loyalties last election
      and gave their votes to Obasanjo, a Christian.

      Sharia law and the conflicts it causes are part of an attempt to herd
      northern Muslim voters back into their old voting patterns, and Mr
      Obasanjo has not dared to enforce the constitution, which declares
      Nigeria a secular state, for fear of losing next year's election.

      Nigerian People Power a Threat to Stability 24 Nov 02
      http://allafrica.com/stories/200211230223.html
      .. [Sunday Times - Johannesburg]
      Moves to sharia law were never presented as being in the direction of
      secession but that, in effect, is what they were. The federal
      constitution would only apply to the extent that it was in line with
      sharia law. Where there was a divergence, as in the stoning of women
      adulterers, sharia law would prevail.

      At the same time there was a move to impeach Obasanjo, again
      spearheaded by members of his party from the Muslim north. The
      president has so far been able to withstand this pressure.

      Elections are now around the corner and, as the jockeying gets into
      full swing, it appears that the might of people power and intolerance
      displayed this week, and its victory, could signal the end of
      Obasanjo. And with that, the beginning of a long night of
      destabilisation that could even see the military back in power.

      Thwarting an African Taliban 30 Nov 02
      http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/abs_news_body.asp?section=Opinion&OID=9916
      ..
      in the past three years or so, Nigerian Islam has taken a more radical
      turn. Islamic sharia law, which has long regulated family disputes,
      has been applied in a much-harsher way; two women and a man currently
      await execution by stoning, sharia's punishment for adultery. Zamfara
      state has required Islamic dress, banned alcohol and segregated public
      transport by gender; religious police have been given the power to
      enforce these measures, acting without oversight from the normal
      justice system. Zamfara has started to accumulate weapons, apparently
      to defend its policies against potential federal attack. In Yobe
      state, which has also embraced sharia, the governor has promised to
      defend the Islamic code even if civil war is the consequence. In the
      past three years, sectarian violence associated with the
      radicalization of Islam has killed at least 10,000 people.
      ..
      But the radicalization of Islam also reflects the appetite of some
      Nigerians for an alternative to the corrupt secular institutions that
      have long failed them. In non-Muslim parts of Nigeria, a similar
      appetite for very rough justice is evident: In predominantly Catholic
      Anambra state, for example, the governor has hired a vigilante gang
      that decapitates suspected criminals and leaves their bodies in the
      streets as warnings. Until Nigeria's self-serving elites stop ruining
      the country with corruption and indifference, their countrymen will be
      drawn to radical alternatives.

      [Dr. Ibrahim Tahir] State of the Nation: How to Save Nigeria 23 Nov
      http://allafrica.com/stories/200211230085.html [Vanguard - Lagos]
      ..
      sharia is an attempt to rescue society from anomie and complete
      breakdown of law and disorder. This is the fact. Taking alcohol,
      drugs, gang rape, sexual licence with AIDS around, armed robbery and
      all those vices are things sharia is meant to control in our society.
      And if that is the case, why should people complain against sharia?

      Islamic code leaves Nigerians with 2 sets of laws 30 Nov 02
      http://www.tribnet.com/news/crime_safety/story/2239825p-2306364c.html
      ..
      In Nigeria, a nominal democracy of 130 million people, they don't just
      steal sheep. They also drink alcohol, engage in prostitution, commit
      adultery and go outside after midnight. They dress in short sleeves,
      too, and ride in taxis that aren't segregated by gender. They
      double-up on motorbikes, even though that may involve a woman sitting
      with, touching, holding onto, a man who is not her husband.

      For Nigeria's 50 million Christians, there are no criminal penalties
      for such behavior. For many of its 65 million Muslims, however,
      especially those who live in Nigeria's predominantly Muslim northern
      states, there are.

      This is because of sharia, which, to Muslims, is a God-given code for
      how a life ought to be lived. Used in varying degrees, for most
      Muslims it is a guide to such individual activities as prayer, fasting
      and donating to the poor. Beyond that, many Muslim countries have
      adapted sharia as their civil law, governing such things as marriage
      and inheritance. And then there are the countries that use sharia as
      their criminal law, applying its judgments and penalties to such
      offenses as theft and adultery, which are known in sharia as Hadd
      offenses.

      While the list of countries that use sharia as their civil law is
      lengthy, the list of countries that use it to judge Hadd offenses -
      and the resulting number of people affected by such judgments - is
      not. There's Saudi Arabia. There's Iran. There's Sudan. Perhaps most
      famously, there was Afghanistan under Taliban rule. And now there's
      Nigeria, where Muslims in 12 of the country's 36 states find
      themselves facing sentences that differ greatly from those given to
      non-Muslims.

      [Oyo] Christian association of Nigeria warns of religious crisis 21Nov
      http://www.dailytimesofnigeria.com/DailyTimes/2002/November/21/CANwarnsofreligious.asp
      ..
      The president of Oyo CAN, Most Rev. Julius Babatunde, at a press
      conference said christian groups in the state could no longer stomach
      violent attacks on its members and its property by moslem youths whom,
      he said, had on a number of occasions attacked christian schools
      without provocation.

      Babatunde also warned the state government and the State Primary
      Education Board (SPEB) to stop forthwith further posting of Islamic
      scholars and teachers to schools belonging to christian groups in the
      state.
      ..
      Calling on the state government to revoke attempt at implementing
      sharia in the state, the CAN boss reminded government of Section 10 of
      the 1999 Constitution which said "no state shall adopt any religion as
      state religion."

      Haakem Haruna - Of Sharia,religion and the state 27 Nov 02
      http://www.dailytimesofnigeria.com/DailyTimes/2002/November/27/OfSharia.asp
      ..
      Sharia under democracy and contemporary Nigeria:
      Contradictions, Crises and the Way Forward.
      Lagos Perfect Printers Limited, 2002, 108 Pages

      Perhaps, this is one of great attempt at a lengthy study of the
      introduction of the Sharia as a religious and legal orthodoxy beyond
      the constitutional limits, in the last three and half years of
      democracy in Nigeria with far-reaching social and political
      implications. Relying on research, personal observations and existing
      details, Dr Hakeem Haruna, Associate Professor of history at the
      University of Lagos has documented in great details up till this
      point, the main issues now referred to as the Sharia phenomenon.
      Essentially, the focus is on the moment, and considering that the
      story that the story the author covers remains a developing one, it
      may well be that there would be developments in the future that may
      necessitate a review of the present effort. However, Haruna's
      conclusions would remain relevant as an informed response to an issue
      that has refocused the attention on the ethnic and religious crises at
      the heart of the Nigerian question. Equally, fore grounded in this
      book is the contradictory heritage and nature of the Nigerian judicial
      and legal system. The book is in five sections, constructed in the
      form of an argument, in a chronological sequence to give the effect of
      may be called a well-made book.

      [review] Shari'ah and the Press - Shapes of an Eternal Conflict 22 Nov
      http://allafrica.com/stories/200211290304.html
      .. [Weekly Trust - Kaduna]
      Shari'ah and the Press in Nigeria: Islam Versus Western Christian
      Civilization, by Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa, published by Kurawa Holdings
      Ltd., 2000, 461 pp.

      This is a recent book that can best be described as a journey into
      his-tory, a treasure of knowledge and perspective on Islam versus the
      Christian civilization. A scenario presented " explore(s) the dynamics
      behind pretensions, (the) distortions , (the) abuse of history the
      virulent attack (and) the reasons for this hostility." The well-
      researched information provided on the actors, their weapons,
      locations, foreign and domestic forces, are the book's foundation in
      discussing Islam, Muslims and the Shari'ah on one hand, and Western
      Christian civilization, Christians, secularism and secularists on the
      other.
      ..
      The question or issue of "minorities" is inevitably included to
      complete the rigorous analysis. The subject ultimately leads to
      perspective on Obasanjo in Nigerian politics and the issue of
      Islamisation that Shari'ah implementation currently symbolizes. This
      is treated with special emphasis that covers the status and
      application of Shari'ah in Nigeria, starting from the pre-Jihad period
      to the era of Shari'ah in the Sokoto Caliphate, Shari'ah in
      Yorubaland. Aspects of the judiciary system in precolonial Northern
      Nigeria are x-rayed, starting with the case of Kano. Readers are told
      how the system at the Sarki's court, what the court procedures were,
      who the judges (alkalai) were and what they did.

      Shari'ah in post-colonial Nigeria and how the appeal system
      contributes an obstacle to its application are adequately presented
      and discussed. It is in linking the so-called Shari'ah debate with the
      tactics adopted against Islam and Muslims by the international and
      anti-Islamic forces and their local agents that the book establishes
      its identity. It is in this section particularly that all the socio-
      economic, political and pseudo-religious ills paralyzing the
      development of Nigeria can be understood in their naked ugliness. Who
      the culprits are, their victims and beneficiaries as well as the
      strategies in use are presented without mincing words.

      PAKISTAN

      `MMA will support PML-QA on enforcing Sharia in country' 24 Nov 02
      http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_24-11-2002_pg7_17
      ..
      Provincial secretary general of Jamaat-e-Islami and NWFP senior
      minister-designate, Sirajul Haq has said it was the moral
      responsibility of the Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam) government
      at the Centre to promulgate Islamic Sharia in the country.
      ..
      As for the role of the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) government in the
      implementation of Sharia, Mr Haq said, in the past the NWFP Assembly
      had passed resolutions for establishment of Sharia in the country,
      adding the MMA government would also pressure the government to
      implement Islamic system. "MMA is in a strong position at the Centre
      and it would extend all sort of support to the PML (Q) government in
      the promulgation of Islamic system," he said.
      ..
      He said unemployment and price hike were the basic problems of the
      province and it always remained dependent at the Centre for the
      solution of these problems. "The prime minister belongs to a small
      province, he himself remained chief minister of Balochistan and
      struggled for provincial rights and he knew the problems of the
      smaller units," he observed.

      MMA takes convincing lead in Frontier PA 11 Oct 02
      http://www.dawn.com/2002/10/11/top5.htm
      ..
      This is the first time that an alliance comprising religious parties
      will form a government on its own in the NWFP. The only other time
      when a religious party ruled in the NWFP was in 1970 when Maulana
      Mufti Mahmud, father of the present JUI (F) leader, was the chief
      minister, heading a coalition government with the National Awami Party.

      Durrani to follow Mufti Mahmud as role model 01 Dec 02
      http://www.gulf-news.com/Articles/news.asp?ArticleID=70039
      ..
      The Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal's Akram Durrani took control in the
      North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) on Friday and immediately called
      for Islamic laws banning music on public transport, alcohol and
      gambling to be strictly enforced.
      ..
      Mufti Mahmud, who led a coalition government of JUI and NAP, banned
      liquor in one of his first pronouncements as chief minister. Durrani
      also ordered the immediate closure of liquor and gambling dens in his
      first speech in the NWFP Assembly.
      ..
      The situation is altogether different now and much would depend on the
      police to identify and smash bootlegging business that is thriving in
      parts of the province. The gambling dens too are often known to the
      law-enforcing agencies but are allowed to operate in return for
      monthly payoffs.
      ..
      Durrani, under pressure from the MMA rank and file to undertake
      Islamisation of the society, also announced a few measures to appease
      the religious-minded electorate. He ordered a ban on playing of audio
      and video cassettes on passenger buses and coaches.

      He threatened drivers with punishment if they failed to halt their
      vehicles on the demand of passengers for prayers. He also promised to
      provide separate places at public bus stands for women passengers to
      perform ablutions and offer prayers.

      SAUDI ARABIA

      2 mill. faithful pray at holy mosques 30 Nov 02
      http://www.arabnews.com/Article.asp?ID=20758
      ..
      Around two million cars have entered Makkah from its six gates since
      the beginning of Ramadan. Makkah and Madinah traditionally witness
      huge crowds of Umrah pilgrims coming from all parts of the Muslim
      world during the holy month, especially in its last 10 days.

      The worshipers included a large number of foreigners who had come
      especially to offer Friday prayers at the grand mosque in Makkah and
      perform Umrah.
      ..
      [Dr. Saleh ibn Humaid, imam and khatib of the Grand Mosque and
      president of the Shoura Council :] Muslims are living an alienated
      life in the midst of other people as a result of oppression in the
      present world, he said. This is because mighty nations do not care for
      the sentiments and customs of other communities. The rights of the
      weak are trampled upon. Injustice and violence of the powerful only
      breed violence. History is replete with instances of weak people not
      taking injustice and disgrace lying down. Injustice paves the way for
      their resurgence.

      Humaid also urged Muslims "to rearrange their priorities and evaluate
      the situation thoroughly in order to imbibe the political, economic
      and intellectual changes of modern times and evolve remedies." The
      best way to counter external pressures and challenges is not by
      resisting them but by looking inward through self criticism. The rush
      of unhappy events in recent times has confused Muslims and made them
      the target of hostile media attacks, he said.

      Constitution of the Kingdom is based on the rules of the Islamic Faith
      http://www.ain-al-yaqeen.com/issues/20021129/feat6en.htm
      .. 29 Nov 02
      Prince Naif Ibn Abdul Aziz said that he greatly suspected that these
      terrorist organizations have relation with foreign intelligence that
      worked against Arab and Muslims topped by Israeli intelligence. They
      wanted to attack us at our bases and tenets, notably our religion and
      the Palestinian issue.

      He noted that it is impossible that 19 youths including 17 Saudis
      carried out the operation of September 11, or that bin Laden or
      Al-Qaeda organization did that alone. We can say that these people are
      either agents or ignorant since their action was against Islam and
      Muslims. By this action the world became against Islam, Muslims and Arabs.

      SOMALIA

      Somali cleric - Kenya attack result of oppression 30 Nov 02
      http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L30291541
      ..
      Ali Dhere was a driving force in the spread of Islamic sharia law in
      Somalia throughout the 1990s, founding Islamic courts in Mogadishu in
      1994 that helped bring some order to the country's chaotic capital.
      The courts, now abolished, imposed tough sentences against defendants
      who had no legal representation or right of appeal.

      Ali Dhere now chairs Mogadishu's main "Benadir" court, ostensibly a
      non-religious institution, a job he was given by a fledgling
      Transitional National Government (TNG) created in 2000.
      ..
      Somalia collapsed into chaos in 1991 with the overthrow of dictator
      Mohammed Siad Barre. The TNG was set up at a conference of elders in
      2000 with the aim of reuniting Somalia but still only controls parts
      of Mogadishu and patches of land elsewhere.

      UK

      Halal mortgages 21 Nov 02
      http://www.guardian.co.uk/northerner/idx/0,12215,844580,00.html
      ..
      Meanwhile, 50 miles down the M6, the Lancashire Evening Telegraph
      describes an attempt to give another group a share of the boom. A
      special mortgage making it easier for Muslims to buy their own house
      has been set up, says the paper, A local businesman, Abid Satvikhar,
      is offering buying arrangements which conform to Islam's dislike of
      interest payments. Known as "halal mortgages", the system has strong
      and encouraging echoes of the old mutual societies which saw the
      co-operative and building society movements nurtured in the north.

      Islamic mortgages: ripe for growth 28 Nov 02
      http://www.commentwire.com/commwire_story.asp?commentwire_ID=3779
      ..
      According to a new Datamonitor report, the UK Islamic mortgage market
      is currently worth just GBP40 million [EUR 62,5 mill.] in terms of
      gross advances. Conventional mortgage products are not strictly
      suitable for the UK's 1.8 million Muslim population, as they are not
      compatible with Islamic (Sharia) laws that forbid the payment or
      receipt of interest.

      Rather, Islamic mortgages are based on the Ijara and Murabaha methods
      of financing; the first effectively involves the bank buying the
      property from the vendor and renting it to the customer; the second
      involves the bank buying the property and selling it onto the customer
      for a higher price, payable in installments.
      ..
      The opportunity being missed is all too evident: based on the
      assumption that if these barriers did not exist, mortgage penetration
      by household would be the same for Muslims as the rest of the
      population, the value of the Islamic mortgage market in terms of
      balances outstanding would be GBP 9.2 billion [EUR 14,3 bill.] this
      year. Much of this would come from Muslims switching away from
      existing non-Sharia compliant products.

      In the UK the United Bank of Kuwait and West Bromwich Building Society
      are the only providers to offer Sharia compliant products. But if the
      barrier presented by Stamp Duty is removed then this should open up
      the market to other players. Providers such as HSBC, Barclays and
      Yorkshire Building Society are all known to be interested in this
      market. Indeed, HSBC has already launched an Islamic mortgage product
      in Malaysia and the US.

      WORLD

      How to stop terrorism by Islamists 24 Nov 02
      http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_24-11-2002_pg4_12
      ..
      the issue is whether the actual victory of fundamentalist parties
      justifies the suspension of democratic procedures. Sharply differing
      assessments, reflecting an enormous gulf of suspicion, are pitting
      "reconciliators" against "eradicators" within Algeria and
      "confrontationists" against "accommodationists" within the State
      Department.

      One view resolutely articulated by the "eradicators" asserts that
      Algeria would have been another Iran and that democracy cannot benefit
      a party vowing to end it once in power. "Reconciliators" argue that an
      Islamist party that comes to power through universal suffrage will not
      act the same way as one that gains power through revolution as in
      Iran, or in a coup as in Sudan.
      ..
      Islam, hijacked for political gain, has become a double-edged
      instrument to legitimize or delegitimize a government as "Islamic" or
      "un-Islamic" and as the main venue for protest by opposition groups.
      The criteria invoked to issue a "fatwa" may be framed in Quranic
      scriptures. But on close scrutiny, those criteria are secular as well:
      Integrity vs corruption; justice vs injustice, equality vs nepotism etc.

      The first step to eradicating violence from politics is to restore the
      democratic process, with its rules, norms and constraints chaining the
      Islamists to universally recognized principles of legitimate
      government. In power, the Islamists would quickly discover that the
      Quran provides very few answers to unemployment and housing problems
      or to the daunting challenges of globalization.

      Islamists in the Muslim world and the struggle for democracy in the
      Erdogan era http://www.dailystar.com.lb/opinion/30_11_02_e.htm
      .. 30 Nov 02
      Islamist popularity appears to defy all odds and confound all
      predictions. This year, Islamists managed convincing victories in the
      Egyptian elections, where the Muslim Brotherhood became the main
      opposition party in Parliament, although it is not officially
      recognized and despite the elections being far from fair. Islamists
      scored important wins in Morocco and Pakistan. Two years ago, the two
      main moderate Islamist parties swept to the presidency and the
      speakership of Parliament. In Iran, the moderate Islamists led by
      President Mohammad Khatami won a landslide victory last year.

      However, it is clear that the rising popularity of these groups is
      proportionate to their projection of a more moderate image. In other
      words, they become more popular to the proportion that they become
      less "Islamic." But the support they enjoy appears to be closely
      related to their Islamic character, however diluted it may be. Public
      opinion in the Muslim world seems to favor groups that are not hostile
      to the Islamic heritage, but ones that are not intent on imposing a
      narrow and strict interpretation of Islamic doctrine.

      [*] Copyright: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 -
      http://liimirror.warwick.ac.uk/uscode/17/107.html - this material is
      distributed without profit for research and educational purposes. If
      you wish to use copyrighted material from this list for purposes that
      go beyond 'fair use,' you must obtain permission from the copyright
      owner. [USA: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html%5d
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