25Sharia News Watch 26
- Dec 1, 2002Sharia News Watch 26 : a collection news quotes on Sharia,
for research & educational purposes only. [*]
Reconstruction: Islamic Law School Reclaims Its History 21 Oct 02
Sharia to be New Afghan Legal System 30 Nov 02
The head of a new commission tasked with reforming Afghanistan's legal
system said Thursday it will still be based on traditional Islamic
law, which allows authorities to sever the hands of thieves and stone
adulterers to death .
Commission Chairman Bahauddin Baha said Islamic law, or Sharia, cannot
be changed . "No commission will replace the rule of Islam. Our
country is an Islamic country and we will implement Islamic law," he
said . He said those laws were still enforced in Afghanistan. However,
no amputations or stonings have been reported since the hardline
Taliban government was overthrown last year in a U.S.-led war .
Baha said such punishments were unlikely because the burden of proof
required is so great that they would be difficult to implement .
'Kept in a cage' - life under Governor Ismail Khan 30 Nov 02
But beneath the tidy facades, Herat is governed by a climate of fear
and fundamentalism. Nearly all the city's women are covered in
all-enveloping burqas. Wedding parties have been banned in hotels and
restaurants for fear of men and women mixing. Some 100 young women in
the province are reported to have set themselves on fire this year in
an effort to escape arranged marriages. Public criticism of the
provincial government is virtually nonexistent. There is no
independent press and no freedom to hold public meetings.
Zama Coursen-Neff is one of the co-authors of the Human Rights Watch
report. She recently explained to RFE/RL why the organization decided
to focus almost exclusively on Ismail Khan. "Human Rights Watch has
also done research about human rights violations in the north and in
the south [of Afghanistan], but we picked Herat for [this study for] a
number of reasons. One reason is that some of the security issues that
are such a problem in the north and in the south are not present in
Herat. We picked Herat, in part, because Ismail Khan has brought more
security to the region, but at the same time has demonstrated what
happens when you put power in the hands of a warlord.
"Since he gained control of that area, he has been incredibly
repressive to the people that live under his control. In some ways,
it's a bit of a prediction of what can happen to other parts of
Afghanistan. In other ways, it's a good place to look at because it is
considered one of the worst areas in Afghanistan for women's human
rights and because there is such a range of repressions of civil and
political rights in Herat," Coursen-Neff said.
[Ismail Khan] also urged those in attendance to take immediate action,
as part of a jihad, or holy struggle, against any wrongdoers or
opponents of Sharia Islamic law. "[Some] immoral people are trying to
lead our society toward immorality. There is no need to take [these
people] to the police station or to the Ministry of Vice and Virtue.
Why don't you [yourself] prevent some of our brothers and sisters from
committing actions which are against our religion, our country, and
Sharia [law] in some of the shops or in other parts of the city,"
Ismail Khan said.
Haroon said that Afghans in Herat did not enjoy the civil liberties
enjoyed by citizens in Kabul. Male teachers, he said, can't wear
neckties to class, female students are segregated and are only taught
by female teachers, and Islamic lessons are now taught more frequently
in school. He said that the people of Herat were searching for an
alternative. "Since [Ismail Khan] doesn't have any rival in Herat,
there's not a person to replace him. If there really was someone who
could replace him or oppose him, I can say that most of the people
would support [that person] because Ismail Khan has monopolized the
government, and no one is given the right [to do anything]," Haroon said.
Prime Minister Khaleda performs Umrah 01 Dec 02
Prime Minister Khaleda Zia performed Umrah on Friday. On arrival at
Jeddah from Madina earlier on the day, she went to Makkah and took her
Iftar at the Masjidul Haram. The prime minister and her entourage
performed 'tawaf' around the holy Kaaba and made Sa'yee, the ritual of
running between the hills of Safa and Marwa.
They performed other rituals, including prayers, and offered special
munajat seeking divine blessings for peace and prosperity of
Bangladesh and the wellbeing of its people. Khaleda Zia also offered
her Esha and Tarabi prayers at the Masjidul Haram.
500,000 beggars in Cairo streets 22 Nov 02
Statistics issued by the Cairo-based National Center for Social
Researches ( NCSR) showed that 500,000 beggars, of different social
classes disperse in the Egyptian capital's crowded streets.
Begging is a felony, according to Egyptian penal code. Begging is also
condemned by the Islamic Sharia, which urges Muslim individuals to
work to be able to earn a living.
No discrimination on basis of religion, SC warns all govts 07 Nov 02
Warning all governments not to pursue any policy preferential to one
community, the Supreme Court has ruled in a landmark judgement that
the essence of Article 30(1) of the constitution was to ensure equal
treatment between majority and minority institutions.
"The essence of Article 30(1) is to ensure equal treatment between the
majority and the minority institutions. No one type or category of
institution should be disfavoured or, for that matter, receive more
favourable treatment than another," an 11-judge constitution bench
headed by Chief Justice B N Kirpal ruled by 6:5 majority recently.
Indonesia military urges curb on militia groups 27 Nov 02
Indonesia's military chief said on Wednesday the world's largest
Muslim country needed legislation to control the many civilian
militias linked to religious and political groups.
"The establishment of the brigades has no clear legal basis. But the
excesses of it are anarchy and taking the law into one's own hands,"
said military commander General Endriartono Sutarto.
Leaders of the Indonesian Mujahidin Council (MMI), another Islamic
group with a militia wing, have insisted they would not succumb to
calls urging they follow the example of the Islamic Defenders' Front
and Laskar Jihad, arguing they have done no wrong.
[The council's chief, Abu Bakar Bashir] who has denied any wrongdoing,
has said the council's militia wing would only be dissolved if Islamic
sharia law was implemented in Indonesia. Proposals for a nationwide
sharia law for Muslims have never passed despite sporadic attempts.
'Aghajari case not to go to supreme court before Dec 3' 21 Nov 02
[Lawyer] Saleh Nikzbakht said a hardline court in the western city of
Hamedan, which on November 6 sentenced Aghajari to hang, was waiting
for his client to make an appeal -- something that the academic has so
far refused to do out of principle. "We consider the verdict in its
entirety to be against the law and the Sharia (Islamic law), and we
want the judiciary to cancel it immediately," Nikhbakht said.
Last week, following mounting protests over the verdict, supreme
leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the judiciary to revise the
verdict, handed down after Aghajari questioned in a speech the Shiite
Muslim clergy's right to rule.
If Aghajari does not appeal, Nikhbakht explained, then the dossier
will then be forwarded to the supreme court if either the head of the
judiciary, the prosecutor general or head of the supreme court adhere
to the supreme leader's order.
Iran hardliners stage show of strength 24 Nov 02
There were about 2,000 women in the Basij demonstration The 15,000
militia members, known as the Basijis, held their rally outside the
building that was the American embassy in Tehran until it was stormed
by militant students in 1979. While denouncing the traditional enemies
Israel and the US, the Basijis, including some 2,000 women, vented
their anger on Iran's reformist student movement.
In an open letter addressed to the people of Iran, 134 journalists
called for the release of four prominent men they describe as
"political detainees ." The four include Mr Aghajari and three
journalists. The journalists' letter criticises "the judicial
establishment's interference in political and factional affairs". And
the writers argue that judges are now widening the use of their powers
to interfere in educational and research centres.
Earlier this month parliament approved a bill that would give Iran's
reformist President, Mohammed Khatami, the right to suspend judicial
rulings. A draft bill approved by parliament on 10 November would
allow him to suspend such verdicts.
[comment] The Prairie Fire Spreads To Mombasa 28 Nov 02
Either Al Qaeda and the IIF [International Islamic Front] have decided
to strike at Israeli targets without worrying about the concerns of
the Palestinian organisations or they undertook the Mombasa operations
with the approval or at the instance of the Palestinian organisations,
which have been disillusioned with the failure of the US to restrain
Israel and, therefore, see no longer any need to keep away from bin Laden.
Kuwaitis differ on role of Islam in classrooms 23 Nov 02
Liberal Kuwaitis complain that state-run Islamic schools are breeding
extremism and hatred of the West. Islamists say U.S. foreign policy is
fomenting extremist ideas and argue that students need more Islamic
education, not less.
The two sides long have argued over education, with Parliament's
powerful Islamist bloc passing a law to separate the sexes in
Roughly 95 percent of state-educated Kuwaiti students attend
mainstream schools offering standard courses such as math, languages
and science, along with four to five hours weekly of Islamic studies.
At the state-run religious schools, which educate the remaining
students, the focus is heavily on Islamic education, with less time
for other subjects. Many teachers at such schools come from
fundamentalist groups such as the Social Reform Society - Kuwait's
branch of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood - or the Salafis, who focus on
strict adherence to Islamic traditions.
After the Oct. 8 shooting of the Marine on Failaka Island, Kuwaiti
Education Minister Misaed al-Haroun ordered a review to see if Islamic
studies or other subjects were promoting extremism.
Malaysia bids for healthy US $600 million slice of health tourism
http://www.irna.com/en/head/021129104552.ehe.shtml 29 Nov 02
In an effort to attract more foreign patients, Malaysia plans to allow
specialists to advertise their skills and to organise private wings
for them in government hospitals. The move is aimed at boosting
health-tourism revenue by more than tenfold to RM2.2 billion (US$ 579
million) annually by 2010.
While aiming for a global clientele, Malaysia would also be banking on
its Islamic credentials, said Chua. He cited as an example the Brunei
government, which is working cllosely with the National Heart
Institute over religious issues such as prayers said before surgery
and halal food.
Private clinics face shortage of Monomune and Mencevax 30 Nov 02
Private doctors are facing a shortage of both the non-halal Monomune
and halal Mencevax vaccines despite claims by the National Fatwa
Council of sufficient supply of Mencevax for those going on the Haj
[Dr Athimulam] was commenting on council chairman Datuk Dr Ismail
Ibrahim's statement yesterday that pilgrims going on the Haj should
not worry as there was sufficient supply of Mencevax.
He had said this when announcing that the council had declared the
Monomune vaccine haram as it had been found to contain amino acids
derived from pigs, cows and ducks. The Mencevax vaccine does not
contain substances extracted from animals, except for lactose from
cow's milk. The raw materials used in manufacturing Mencevax are
meningococcal and MuellerHinton media bacteria which are not derived
Saudi Arabia had made it compulsory for pilgrims to take meningococcal
meningitis quadrivalent ACYW 135 vaccinations before arriving in
Mecca. This ruling came about after the latest outbreak of meningitis
of the meningococcus group known as the "W135" strain, which had
claimed several lives.
Malaysian minister snaps over Aussie sniffer dogs 30 Nov 02
Malaysian Trade Minister Rafidah Aziz blew her top at Australian
security personnel for trying to use sniffer dogs to check her luggage
during a visit to Sydney for a recent WTO meeting, newspapers said on
Rafidah said the Australians were insensitive in subjecting her to a
screening using an animal considered haram, or forbidden in Islam,
when they knew she was a Muslim.
The editor and the generals 25 Nov 02
The Nigerian paper that printed the article about Mohammed and Miss
World, sparking murderous riots, has a chequered history, says former
employee Dominic Midgley [..]
[Kaduna] Miss World pageant sparks fresh Nigeria riots 21 Nov 02
The violence was the latest crisis sparked by Nigeria's plans to hold
the Miss World contest, already hit by controversy after beauty queens
threatened to protest against the sentencing of Muslim women in
northern Nigeria to death by stoning for adultery.
Witnesses in Kaduna said the protesters were blockading major highways
with bonfires, destroying vehicles and attacking hotels. "Some
churches have been burnt and people have also been killed, but I have
no figures," said one senior police officer who asked not to be named.
Kaduna pays dearly for sharia decision 22 Nov 02
The city of Kaduna, hit once more by bloody riots amid Muslim anger
over a Miss World contest, has paid a far heavier price than those in
other northern states where Islamic sharia law has been adopted.
only Kaduna state, whose principal city has the same name, has
suffered such heavy loss of life over the move.
In the latest violence, more than 105 people have been killed and
hundreds injured in rioting sparked by Muslim anger over Nigeria's
staging of a Miss World pageant in Abuja, to be held on December 7.
The violence erupted after a Lagos-based newspaper suggested that the
Prophet Mohammad would probably have married one of the beauty queens.
The rioting spread Friday 225 miles southwest to the capital, Abuja,
where the beauty pageant is still planned to take place Dec. 7. Muslim
protesters armed with sticks, machetes and daggers burned cars and
attacked pedestrians outside the city's plush international hotels
after gathering outside the central mosque following afternoon prayers.
Islamist groups have warned for months that they would protest the
pageant, prompting organizers to postpone the finale until after the
Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Muslim groups say the pageant promotes
promiscuity and indecency.
How Nigeria Was Denied Miss World 25 Nov 02
The violent protests which claimed several lives in Kaduna where it
began last Wednesday however took a more dangerous dimension as
reprisal attacks in three South-east towns, forced some Northerners
resident in Owerri, Okigwe and Aba to scamper into safety in military
In Aba, protesters who believed that some religious fundamentalists
had hidden under the cover of the anti-Miss World protests to execute
ethnic agenda by attacking Igbo-Christian traders resident in Kaduna
and destroying their businesses decided to retaliate on Hausa traders
in the commercial town. The protesters then stormed the Central
Mosque and injured at least 10 people. They also destroyed goods and
property on adjoining streets.
Leader of the Hausa community in Aba, Alhaji Tanko Bello said the
protesters destroyed food items, wares and razed all stalls located
near the central mosque.
The truth behind the Miss World riots 29 Nov 02
as this city of five-million struggles with a strict curfew and
still-smoking ruins, a different story is emerging. Almost no one in
Kaduna - Muslim or Christian - seems to have read Daniel's piece. Few
have any knowledge of or opinion on Miss World. It was not until four
days after the publication of the article that Kaduna's furious Muslim
mobs organised themselves.
When they did, the state governor's residence, businesses and a
campaign office set up for a bitterly contested forthcoming election
were primary targets. Motorists displaying the governor's bumper
stickers were torched.
[Kaduna's governor, Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi] admits that many
casualties were shot by soldiers trying to quash what amounted to a
revolt. A representative for the Nigerian Red Cross said it was
"strange" that so many casualties had died of gunshot wounds in a
Kaduna's miserable slums, where most of the killing took place, make
it achingly clear why Nigerians might kill to win political patronage.
Sewage streams down streets where children play barefoot. This is
despite Nigeria's huge oil revenues and oil reserves which may prove
larger than Iraq's.
More than 800 Nigerians Arrested For Rioting in Kaduna 25 Nov 02
Kaduna officials were to begin court trials for those detained Monday.
But they have been delayed because of confusion over how to handle
holding separate trials for Christians and Muslims in an area where
strict Islamic law, or Sharia, is practiced.
[Miss World] Muslim blames riot on pageant 24 Nov 02
The staging of the Miss World beauty pageant in Nigeria was the root
cause of the riots in the mainly Muslim north of the country, rather
than an article on the event, a Muslim leader said on Sunday.
But Nabiu Baba Ahmed, secretary of the National Council of Sharia in
Nigeria, said Muslims were angry that preparations for the pageant had
begun in the holy month of Ramadan.
The Miss World party left Nigeria early on Sunday, blaming media
coverage of Nigeria for tarnishing the event. The grand finale of the
competition is now to be held on December 7 in London.
Protests follow Miss World to London 24 Nov 02
Nobel literature laureate Wole Soyinka has an even starker view. He
fears the violence could spark a civil war. 'The roof is already
burning over President Olusegun Obasanjo's head,' he said. 'But he
thinks it is not.'
[Zamfara] Death call for fashion writer 27 Nov 02
Zamfara State information commissioner Umar Dangaladima told AFP by
telephone that the fatwa - an Islamic religious decree - had been
confirmed against fashion writer Isioma Daniel, whose article sparked
three days of bloody sectarian riots.
"The state government did not on its own pass the fatwa," he said.
"It's a fact that Islam prescribes the death penalty on anybody, no
matter his faith, who insults the Prophet. "Therefore the state
government has retained this verdict as it applies to Isioma. This is
our position," he said.
Zamfara's deputy governor Mamuda Aliyu Shinkafi said late yesterday in
a speech to religious leaders in the Zamfara State capital Gusau and
rebroadcast on state radio: "Like Salman Rushdie, the blood of Isioma
Daniel can be shed."
Beauty pageant 'must go on' 27 Nov 02
The provincial ruling has yet to be tested in a formal Shariah court.
Critics of predominantly Muslim northern Nigerian states where
Shariah, or Muslim law, has been imposed say the declaration of a
death penalty reflects an increasingly tense power struggle between
the state and central governments.
From the Nigerian capital, Abuja, a leading Islamic scholar told The
Washington Times a death penalty would be justifiable under Muslim
law. Those who cause death by reckless behavior could be put to death,
said Hussein Mohamed. "Over 200 people have died because of that
article," he said. "So why are you concerned about the fate of one lady?"
Fatwa: Saudi, Adegbite, FG Fault Zamfara Govt 27 Nov 02
Speaking in the same vein, an official of the Ministry of Islamic
Affairs in Saudi Arabia which is the headquarters of Islam in the
world, said the Fatwa by Zamfara State government should not have been
passed if the author had apologised.
Sheikh Saadal-Saleh who spoke to AFP on behalf of the Saudi Arabia
Kingdom said "they have no right to kill if the person expresses
regret and apologises as it is considered repentance. But if the
person stands by his statements then the matter should be referred to
a Sharia court to decide on a punishment, including death."
The Saudi position therefore portrays the Zamfara declaration as both
a subversion of the judicial process and a disregard for the position
of the Islamic law. .. The Zamfara State government however
explained that the Fatwa was right as it was made in response to the
wishes of the people.
"It's a Fatwa. It is based on the request of the people," spokesman of
the state government Umar Dangalidima Magaj said, adding that this did
not contradict the authority of Islamic clerics who have the power to
issue a death sentence. "Being a leader, you can pass a Fatwa," he said.
Magaji said a number of Islamic associations in the state had asked
the state government to take action. The government had decided a
Fatwa was appropriate and could defuse anger that night otherwise lead
to further bloodshed.
Sultan quashes fatwa on ThisDay reporter 29 Nov 02
The Sultan of Sokoto- led Jamaatu Nasril Islam (JNI), yesterday ruled
out of order the fatwa issued against Isioma Daniel, the ThisDay
reporter by the Zamfara State Government, saying a meeting of the
body's fatwa committee had been summoned to take a decision on issues
arising from the publication which triggered the Kaduna mayhem.
[Zamfara] Support for fatwa against Miss World reporter 30 Nov 02
But on the streets of Gusau, the fatwa is already a fact. "The deputy
governor made public what was a collective decision, taken by the
Muslim leaders of the town," said Shehu Maishanu, an influential
Islamic leader charged with the application of Sharia.
"He simply said what is in the Koran, that is that someone who insults
the Prophet must die," he said. "It's the duty of all Muslims to kill
her. It's too late for excuses. The only way she can escape her
punishment is to convert (to Islam)."
Maishanu said that Muslims were obliged to issue fatwas because "the
state does not protect us" and accused President Olusegun Obasanjo of
allowing the matter to get out of hand by failing to quickly condemn
the Miss World article. "In any case, what's the life of that woman
worth compared to that of millions of Muslims?" he asked.
Miss World used in struggle for power 28 Nov 02
Suddenly, in 2000, one state government after another across the north
began to bring in Sharia law, causing great unease among the
non-Muslim minorities in their midst. It was a recipe for religious
conflict, and it was no coincidence at all that the 12 states which
have adopted Sharia are precisely the ones where many Muslim voters
broke away from their traditional religious loyalties last election
and gave their votes to Obasanjo, a Christian.
Sharia law and the conflicts it causes are part of an attempt to herd
northern Muslim voters back into their old voting patterns, and Mr
Obasanjo has not dared to enforce the constitution, which declares
Nigeria a secular state, for fear of losing next year's election.
Nigerian People Power a Threat to Stability 24 Nov 02
.. [Sunday Times - Johannesburg]
Moves to sharia law were never presented as being in the direction of
secession but that, in effect, is what they were. The federal
constitution would only apply to the extent that it was in line with
sharia law. Where there was a divergence, as in the stoning of women
adulterers, sharia law would prevail.
At the same time there was a move to impeach Obasanjo, again
spearheaded by members of his party from the Muslim north. The
president has so far been able to withstand this pressure.
Elections are now around the corner and, as the jockeying gets into
full swing, it appears that the might of people power and intolerance
displayed this week, and its victory, could signal the end of
Obasanjo. And with that, the beginning of a long night of
destabilisation that could even see the military back in power.
Thwarting an African Taliban 30 Nov 02
in the past three years or so, Nigerian Islam has taken a more radical
turn. Islamic sharia law, which has long regulated family disputes,
has been applied in a much-harsher way; two women and a man currently
await execution by stoning, sharia's punishment for adultery. Zamfara
state has required Islamic dress, banned alcohol and segregated public
transport by gender; religious police have been given the power to
enforce these measures, acting without oversight from the normal
justice system. Zamfara has started to accumulate weapons, apparently
to defend its policies against potential federal attack. In Yobe
state, which has also embraced sharia, the governor has promised to
defend the Islamic code even if civil war is the consequence. In the
past three years, sectarian violence associated with the
radicalization of Islam has killed at least 10,000 people.
But the radicalization of Islam also reflects the appetite of some
Nigerians for an alternative to the corrupt secular institutions that
have long failed them. In non-Muslim parts of Nigeria, a similar
appetite for very rough justice is evident: In predominantly Catholic
Anambra state, for example, the governor has hired a vigilante gang
that decapitates suspected criminals and leaves their bodies in the
streets as warnings. Until Nigeria's self-serving elites stop ruining
the country with corruption and indifference, their countrymen will be
drawn to radical alternatives.
[Dr. Ibrahim Tahir] State of the Nation: How to Save Nigeria 23 Nov
http://allafrica.com/stories/200211230085.html [Vanguard - Lagos]
sharia is an attempt to rescue society from anomie and complete
breakdown of law and disorder. This is the fact. Taking alcohol,
drugs, gang rape, sexual licence with AIDS around, armed robbery and
all those vices are things sharia is meant to control in our society.
And if that is the case, why should people complain against sharia?
Islamic code leaves Nigerians with 2 sets of laws 30 Nov 02
In Nigeria, a nominal democracy of 130 million people, they don't just
steal sheep. They also drink alcohol, engage in prostitution, commit
adultery and go outside after midnight. They dress in short sleeves,
too, and ride in taxis that aren't segregated by gender. They
double-up on motorbikes, even though that may involve a woman sitting
with, touching, holding onto, a man who is not her husband.
For Nigeria's 50 million Christians, there are no criminal penalties
for such behavior. For many of its 65 million Muslims, however,
especially those who live in Nigeria's predominantly Muslim northern
states, there are.
This is because of sharia, which, to Muslims, is a God-given code for
how a life ought to be lived. Used in varying degrees, for most
Muslims it is a guide to such individual activities as prayer, fasting
and donating to the poor. Beyond that, many Muslim countries have
adapted sharia as their civil law, governing such things as marriage
and inheritance. And then there are the countries that use sharia as
their criminal law, applying its judgments and penalties to such
offenses as theft and adultery, which are known in sharia as Hadd
While the list of countries that use sharia as their civil law is
lengthy, the list of countries that use it to judge Hadd offenses -
and the resulting number of people affected by such judgments - is
not. There's Saudi Arabia. There's Iran. There's Sudan. Perhaps most
famously, there was Afghanistan under Taliban rule. And now there's
Nigeria, where Muslims in 12 of the country's 36 states find
themselves facing sentences that differ greatly from those given to
[Oyo] Christian association of Nigeria warns of religious crisis 21Nov
The president of Oyo CAN, Most Rev. Julius Babatunde, at a press
conference said christian groups in the state could no longer stomach
violent attacks on its members and its property by moslem youths whom,
he said, had on a number of occasions attacked christian schools
Babatunde also warned the state government and the State Primary
Education Board (SPEB) to stop forthwith further posting of Islamic
scholars and teachers to schools belonging to christian groups in the
Calling on the state government to revoke attempt at implementing
sharia in the state, the CAN boss reminded government of Section 10 of
the 1999 Constitution which said "no state shall adopt any religion as
Haakem Haruna - Of Sharia,religion and the state 27 Nov 02
Sharia under democracy and contemporary Nigeria:
Contradictions, Crises and the Way Forward.
Lagos Perfect Printers Limited, 2002, 108 Pages
Perhaps, this is one of great attempt at a lengthy study of the
introduction of the Sharia as a religious and legal orthodoxy beyond
the constitutional limits, in the last three and half years of
democracy in Nigeria with far-reaching social and political
implications. Relying on research, personal observations and existing
details, Dr Hakeem Haruna, Associate Professor of history at the
University of Lagos has documented in great details up till this
point, the main issues now referred to as the Sharia phenomenon.
Essentially, the focus is on the moment, and considering that the
story that the story the author covers remains a developing one, it
may well be that there would be developments in the future that may
necessitate a review of the present effort. However, Haruna's
conclusions would remain relevant as an informed response to an issue
that has refocused the attention on the ethnic and religious crises at
the heart of the Nigerian question. Equally, fore grounded in this
book is the contradictory heritage and nature of the Nigerian judicial
and legal system. The book is in five sections, constructed in the
form of an argument, in a chronological sequence to give the effect of
may be called a well-made book.
[review] Shari'ah and the Press - Shapes of an Eternal Conflict 22 Nov
.. [Weekly Trust - Kaduna]
Shari'ah and the Press in Nigeria: Islam Versus Western Christian
Civilization, by Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa, published by Kurawa Holdings
Ltd., 2000, 461 pp.
This is a recent book that can best be described as a journey into
his-tory, a treasure of knowledge and perspective on Islam versus the
Christian civilization. A scenario presented " explore(s) the dynamics
behind pretensions, (the) distortions , (the) abuse of history the
virulent attack (and) the reasons for this hostility." The well-
researched information provided on the actors, their weapons,
locations, foreign and domestic forces, are the book's foundation in
discussing Islam, Muslims and the Shari'ah on one hand, and Western
Christian civilization, Christians, secularism and secularists on the
The question or issue of "minorities" is inevitably included to
complete the rigorous analysis. The subject ultimately leads to
perspective on Obasanjo in Nigerian politics and the issue of
Islamisation that Shari'ah implementation currently symbolizes. This
is treated with special emphasis that covers the status and
application of Shari'ah in Nigeria, starting from the pre-Jihad period
to the era of Shari'ah in the Sokoto Caliphate, Shari'ah in
Yorubaland. Aspects of the judiciary system in precolonial Northern
Nigeria are x-rayed, starting with the case of Kano. Readers are told
how the system at the Sarki's court, what the court procedures were,
who the judges (alkalai) were and what they did.
Shari'ah in post-colonial Nigeria and how the appeal system
contributes an obstacle to its application are adequately presented
and discussed. It is in linking the so-called Shari'ah debate with the
tactics adopted against Islam and Muslims by the international and
anti-Islamic forces and their local agents that the book establishes
its identity. It is in this section particularly that all the socio-
economic, political and pseudo-religious ills paralyzing the
development of Nigeria can be understood in their naked ugliness. Who
the culprits are, their victims and beneficiaries as well as the
strategies in use are presented without mincing words.
`MMA will support PML-QA on enforcing Sharia in country' 24 Nov 02
Provincial secretary general of Jamaat-e-Islami and NWFP senior
minister-designate, Sirajul Haq has said it was the moral
responsibility of the Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam) government
at the Centre to promulgate Islamic Sharia in the country.
As for the role of the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) government in the
implementation of Sharia, Mr Haq said, in the past the NWFP Assembly
had passed resolutions for establishment of Sharia in the country,
adding the MMA government would also pressure the government to
implement Islamic system. "MMA is in a strong position at the Centre
and it would extend all sort of support to the PML (Q) government in
the promulgation of Islamic system," he said.
He said unemployment and price hike were the basic problems of the
province and it always remained dependent at the Centre for the
solution of these problems. "The prime minister belongs to a small
province, he himself remained chief minister of Balochistan and
struggled for provincial rights and he knew the problems of the
smaller units," he observed.
MMA takes convincing lead in Frontier PA 11 Oct 02
This is the first time that an alliance comprising religious parties
will form a government on its own in the NWFP. The only other time
when a religious party ruled in the NWFP was in 1970 when Maulana
Mufti Mahmud, father of the present JUI (F) leader, was the chief
minister, heading a coalition government with the National Awami Party.
Durrani to follow Mufti Mahmud as role model 01 Dec 02
The Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal's Akram Durrani took control in the
North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) on Friday and immediately called
for Islamic laws banning music on public transport, alcohol and
gambling to be strictly enforced.
Mufti Mahmud, who led a coalition government of JUI and NAP, banned
liquor in one of his first pronouncements as chief minister. Durrani
also ordered the immediate closure of liquor and gambling dens in his
first speech in the NWFP Assembly.
The situation is altogether different now and much would depend on the
police to identify and smash bootlegging business that is thriving in
parts of the province. The gambling dens too are often known to the
law-enforcing agencies but are allowed to operate in return for
Durrani, under pressure from the MMA rank and file to undertake
Islamisation of the society, also announced a few measures to appease
the religious-minded electorate. He ordered a ban on playing of audio
and video cassettes on passenger buses and coaches.
He threatened drivers with punishment if they failed to halt their
vehicles on the demand of passengers for prayers. He also promised to
provide separate places at public bus stands for women passengers to
perform ablutions and offer prayers.
2 mill. faithful pray at holy mosques 30 Nov 02
Around two million cars have entered Makkah from its six gates since
the beginning of Ramadan. Makkah and Madinah traditionally witness
huge crowds of Umrah pilgrims coming from all parts of the Muslim
world during the holy month, especially in its last 10 days.
The worshipers included a large number of foreigners who had come
especially to offer Friday prayers at the grand mosque in Makkah and
[Dr. Saleh ibn Humaid, imam and khatib of the Grand Mosque and
president of the Shoura Council :] Muslims are living an alienated
life in the midst of other people as a result of oppression in the
present world, he said. This is because mighty nations do not care for
the sentiments and customs of other communities. The rights of the
weak are trampled upon. Injustice and violence of the powerful only
breed violence. History is replete with instances of weak people not
taking injustice and disgrace lying down. Injustice paves the way for
Humaid also urged Muslims "to rearrange their priorities and evaluate
the situation thoroughly in order to imbibe the political, economic
and intellectual changes of modern times and evolve remedies." The
best way to counter external pressures and challenges is not by
resisting them but by looking inward through self criticism. The rush
of unhappy events in recent times has confused Muslims and made them
the target of hostile media attacks, he said.
Constitution of the Kingdom is based on the rules of the Islamic Faith
.. 29 Nov 02
Prince Naif Ibn Abdul Aziz said that he greatly suspected that these
terrorist organizations have relation with foreign intelligence that
worked against Arab and Muslims topped by Israeli intelligence. They
wanted to attack us at our bases and tenets, notably our religion and
the Palestinian issue.
He noted that it is impossible that 19 youths including 17 Saudis
carried out the operation of September 11, or that bin Laden or
Al-Qaeda organization did that alone. We can say that these people are
either agents or ignorant since their action was against Islam and
Muslims. By this action the world became against Islam, Muslims and Arabs.
Somali cleric - Kenya attack result of oppression 30 Nov 02
Ali Dhere was a driving force in the spread of Islamic sharia law in
Somalia throughout the 1990s, founding Islamic courts in Mogadishu in
1994 that helped bring some order to the country's chaotic capital.
The courts, now abolished, imposed tough sentences against defendants
who had no legal representation or right of appeal.
Ali Dhere now chairs Mogadishu's main "Benadir" court, ostensibly a
non-religious institution, a job he was given by a fledgling
Transitional National Government (TNG) created in 2000.
Somalia collapsed into chaos in 1991 with the overthrow of dictator
Mohammed Siad Barre. The TNG was set up at a conference of elders in
2000 with the aim of reuniting Somalia but still only controls parts
of Mogadishu and patches of land elsewhere.
Halal mortgages 21 Nov 02
Meanwhile, 50 miles down the M6, the Lancashire Evening Telegraph
describes an attempt to give another group a share of the boom. A
special mortgage making it easier for Muslims to buy their own house
has been set up, says the paper, A local businesman, Abid Satvikhar,
is offering buying arrangements which conform to Islam's dislike of
interest payments. Known as "halal mortgages", the system has strong
and encouraging echoes of the old mutual societies which saw the
co-operative and building society movements nurtured in the north.
Islamic mortgages: ripe for growth 28 Nov 02
According to a new Datamonitor report, the UK Islamic mortgage market
is currently worth just GBP40 million [EUR 62,5 mill.] in terms of
gross advances. Conventional mortgage products are not strictly
suitable for the UK's 1.8 million Muslim population, as they are not
compatible with Islamic (Sharia) laws that forbid the payment or
receipt of interest.
Rather, Islamic mortgages are based on the Ijara and Murabaha methods
of financing; the first effectively involves the bank buying the
property from the vendor and renting it to the customer; the second
involves the bank buying the property and selling it onto the customer
for a higher price, payable in installments.
The opportunity being missed is all too evident: based on the
assumption that if these barriers did not exist, mortgage penetration
by household would be the same for Muslims as the rest of the
population, the value of the Islamic mortgage market in terms of
balances outstanding would be GBP 9.2 billion [EUR 14,3 bill.] this
year. Much of this would come from Muslims switching away from
existing non-Sharia compliant products.
In the UK the United Bank of Kuwait and West Bromwich Building Society
are the only providers to offer Sharia compliant products. But if the
barrier presented by Stamp Duty is removed then this should open up
the market to other players. Providers such as HSBC, Barclays and
Yorkshire Building Society are all known to be interested in this
market. Indeed, HSBC has already launched an Islamic mortgage product
in Malaysia and the US.
How to stop terrorism by Islamists 24 Nov 02
the issue is whether the actual victory of fundamentalist parties
justifies the suspension of democratic procedures. Sharply differing
assessments, reflecting an enormous gulf of suspicion, are pitting
"reconciliators" against "eradicators" within Algeria and
"confrontationists" against "accommodationists" within the State
One view resolutely articulated by the "eradicators" asserts that
Algeria would have been another Iran and that democracy cannot benefit
a party vowing to end it once in power. "Reconciliators" argue that an
Islamist party that comes to power through universal suffrage will not
act the same way as one that gains power through revolution as in
Iran, or in a coup as in Sudan.
Islam, hijacked for political gain, has become a double-edged
instrument to legitimize or delegitimize a government as "Islamic" or
"un-Islamic" and as the main venue for protest by opposition groups.
The criteria invoked to issue a "fatwa" may be framed in Quranic
scriptures. But on close scrutiny, those criteria are secular as well:
Integrity vs corruption; justice vs injustice, equality vs nepotism etc.
The first step to eradicating violence from politics is to restore the
democratic process, with its rules, norms and constraints chaining the
Islamists to universally recognized principles of legitimate
government. In power, the Islamists would quickly discover that the
Quran provides very few answers to unemployment and housing problems
or to the daunting challenges of globalization.
Islamists in the Muslim world and the struggle for democracy in the
Erdogan era http://www.dailystar.com.lb/opinion/30_11_02_e.htm
.. 30 Nov 02
Islamist popularity appears to defy all odds and confound all
predictions. This year, Islamists managed convincing victories in the
Egyptian elections, where the Muslim Brotherhood became the main
opposition party in Parliament, although it is not officially
recognized and despite the elections being far from fair. Islamists
scored important wins in Morocco and Pakistan. Two years ago, the two
main moderate Islamist parties swept to the presidency and the
speakership of Parliament. In Iran, the moderate Islamists led by
President Mohammad Khatami won a landslide victory last year.
However, it is clear that the rising popularity of these groups is
proportionate to their projection of a more moderate image. In other
words, they become more popular to the proportion that they become
less "Islamic." But the support they enjoy appears to be closely
related to their Islamic character, however diluted it may be. Public
opinion in the Muslim world seems to favor groups that are not hostile
to the Islamic heritage, but ones that are not intent on imposing a
narrow and strict interpretation of Islamic doctrine.
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