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Element-115 createdd by Russian & American scientists

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  • stealthskaters
    Shades of Bob Lazar !!! (ref: http://www.stealthskater.com/UFO.htm#Lazar ) http://msnbc.msn.com/id/4131961/ New `superheavy elements reported Researchers say
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 2, 2004
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      Shades of Bob Lazar !!! (ref:
      http://www.stealthskater.com/UFO.htm#Lazar )


      http://msnbc.msn.com/id/4131961/

      New `superheavy' elements reported

      Researchers say they created 113 and 115 in Russia
      The Associated Press
      Updated: 11:51 p.m. ET Feb. 01, 2004

      Russian and American scientists say they have created two
      new "superheavy" elements that will reside at the extreme end of
      chemistry's periodic table of elements.

      Just a few atoms of the newly discovered elements, 113 and 115,
      existed for split seconds after being created in a particle
      accelerator. They represent unusual forms of matter with properties
      that go well beyond those of the 92 elements that occur naturally on
      Earth.

      Superheavies may be abundantly generated by supernova explosions in
      stars. Or perhaps they were fused during the fiery moments that
      signaled the dawn if the universe.

      Here on the ground, such tiny amounts of superheavies formed in atom
      smashers probably will never find an everyday use.

      Yet their "birth" adds details to a broader — and very competitive —
      scientific inquiry to establish a single, unified theory that would
      explain the physical forces that govern the behavior of all matter.

      Confirmation could take years
      Data on the new elements will appear in the journal Physical Review
      C, a publication of the American Physical Society that specializes in
      nuclear structure.

      The discoveries will not be fully accepted and added to textbooks
      until other labs create the elements, a process that could take
      months or even years.

      Confidence in nuclear structure experiments was shaken when the
      purported 1999 discovery of two elements was found to be false. But
      other researchers familiar with the latest study said they were
      confident in the results.

      "The paper is solid," said Richard Casten, a Yale physicist and an
      editor for the journal.

      He described the techniques employed at the Joint Institute of
      Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia and the Lawrence Livermore National
      Laboratory in California as "very tricky."

      But Casten and others expressed confidence in the results and the
      scientists involved, especially Yuri Oganessian, the Russian
      physicist and lead author of the paper, for being able to interpret
      the results of the particle collisions in the Russian cyclotron, or
      circular accelerator, where the elements were created.

      "I'm confident that the process was good," Casten said. "Yuri is a
      very well respected and careful guy."

      Efforts to reach Oganessian and other key members of the research
      team Sunday were unsuccessful.

      Calcium and americium fused
      In the experiments, researchers fired a rare isotope of calcium at a
      target made from americium. The new element 115 was created on
      occasions when the nuclei of the calcium and americium fused.

      In the artificial environs of the cyclotron, atoms of element 115,
      now labeled Ununpentium, apparently lasted only a fraction of second
      before it decayed into element 113. The atoms of element 113, known
      as Ununtrium, persisted for more than 1 second.

      The 115 and 113 are the new elements' atomic numbers, which refer to
      the number of protons in their nuclei.

      In nature, scientists theorize, they would belong to a special class
      of superheavy elements known as the "region of stability" that have a
      much longer life because the shell-like structure of their nuclei
      contain the highest numbers of precisely arranged protons and
      neutrons.

      Controversial field
      In 1999, California and Oregon State University researchers bombarded
      a lead target with a beam of krypton ions. They reported detecting
      three atoms of element 118, which then was the heaviest element
      detected. They decayed almost instantly into element 116.

      But two years ago, the claims were retracted after a scientist at the
      Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory was found to have fabricated
      data. Physicist Victor Ninov was the only member of the lab's 16-
      member team to be dismissed in the incident, and he is appealing the
      decision.

      Other researchers later created element 116.

      In 1999, Russian researchers at Dubna discovered another superheavy —
      element 114 — by bombarding plutonium with calcium ions.
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