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6252Celestus warreni - A Living Relative of Arpadosaurus

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  • Neal Robbins
    Nov 19 1:41 PM
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         These links have photos of Celestus warreni.
          Celestus warreni is a living relative of the Eocene lizard Arpadosaurus. Both are in the infraorder Anguimorpha and the family Anguidae. However, they are in different subfamilies. Celestus warren is a member of the subfamily Diploglossinae. Arpadosaurus is in the subfamily Glyptosaurinae and the tribe Melanosaurini, both of which are now extinct.
          Celestus warreni is often called the Giant Hispaniolan Galliwasp.  This lizard is native to Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Celestus warreni is generally found in lowland, broadleaf forests that have a moderate amount of moisture. It also resides in banana groves and semi-dry forests. Celestus warreni is not seen very often. Its lifestyle is thought to be nocturnal or crepuscular.
          Celestus warreni is about 30 cm. (11.8 inches) in length. The dorsal portion of the body is medium-brown and the underside is orange. The sides are pale and have clear bars. Males are larger than females and have wider heads.
          The diet of Celestus warreni is mostly carnivorous. It feeds on insects, earthworms, spiders, slugs, centipedes, millipedes, and whip scorpions. However, it is also known to occasionally eat vegetable matter.
          The female gives live birth to the young. Gestation takes about 90 days. The offspring are born in August. A female bears 8-3 young at a time. In captivity Celestus warreni achieves breeding maturity at 3-4 years of age.
          These publications are references:
      http://www.arkive.org/ Arkive - Celestus warreni
      IUCN Red List (July 2012)
      A. Schwartz and R.W. Henderson (1991) Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.
          Neal Robbins

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