2234NEWS: Aydın's museum coin collection
- Aug 18, 2013With apologies for cross-posting.
Carl Sandler Berkowitz
Sent: Saturday, August 17, 2013 10:00 PM
NEWS: Aydın's museum coin collection
Coins displayed at museum reveals Aydın's ancient past of Roman era
AYDIN - Anadolu Agency
Aydın Archeology Museum's unique coin collection displays silver coins
bearing the likeness of emperors and empresses from before the Common
Era, shedding light on an important period in the province's ancient
history. The coins include the visages of empresses and emperors,
revealing old history
Providing a treasure trove of artifacts for numismatists, an
archaeology museum in Aydın is showing off a large collection of
silver coins dating back to between 270 and 40 B.C.
The coins include the visages of empresses and emperors, revealing
history from more than 2,000 years ago.
Aydın Culture and Tourism official Nuri Aktakka said the collections
dated from the Roman era and shed light on the culture of the day.
"This coin collection has been excavated from works at Nazilli
Kızıldere. They belong to an emperors' collection from 270 to 40 B.C.
We know that these emperors ruled the city and that they created coins
for themselves," he said.
The coins also signify an important part of the culture of coin
collection, as well as the use of tin in the era, according to
"The historical collection displays the coins by emperors such as
Hadrian, Commodus, Gordian and Marcus Aurelius, and also the empresses
Crispina and Faustina I and II," he said, adding that Emperor Hadrian
was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus to an ethnically Italian family.
Stories of the ancient emperors revealed
Hadrian, nonetheless, traveled through Anatolia, although the route he
took is uncertain. Various incidents are described, such as his
founding of a city in Mysia, Hadrianutherae, after a successful boar
hunt. Some historians dispute whether Hadrian did in fact commission
the city's construction at all. At about this time, plans to build a
temple in Asia Minor were written up. The new temple would be
dedicated to Trajan and Hadrian, built with dazzling white marble. But
Commodius, who was known for his megalomania, had always laid stress
on his unique status as a source of god-like power, liberality and
physical prowess. Innumerable statues around the empire were set up
portraying him in the guise of Hercules, reinforcing the image of him
as a demigod, a physical giant, a protector and a battler against
beasts and men.
The coins reveal his passion for himself, said researchers, noting
that he always stressed his own personal uniqueness as the bringer of
a new order as he sought to re-cast the empire in his own image.
Marcus Aurelius, on the one hand, close to Commudius, is known to have
followed the lenient line of emperors Hadrian and Antoninus Pius but
is also famous for being a persecutor of Christians along with Nero,
Domitian and Decius.
The coins of Aurelius
The coins of Aurelius are very important as the emperor acquired the
reputation of a philosopher king within his lifetime, and the title
would remain his after death. One ancient commentator went so far as
to call Marcus "more philanthropic and philosophic" than Antoninus
Pius and Hadrian, and set him against the persecuting emperors
Domitian and Nero to make the contrast bolder.
"Alone of the emperors," wrote the historian Herodian, "he gave proof
of his learning not by mere words or knowledge of philosophical
doctrines but by his blameless character and temperate way of life."
The museum also gives information on how the coins were crafted and
how people worked on the coins to engrave pictures on them.