- PD Sidebotham posted a message covering a number of questions:
> Primary schooling became free in the latter part of Queen Victoria'sI hadn't heard of children being used in this way, but I must take issue
> reign, and according to a child's history book at my son's school,
> children actually had school lessons on how to fill in the census
> forms as they would often have been the only literate members of the
with the contention that they would have been the only literate members
of the family. Free schooling only came in the 1870s, but there had
long been universal education at Parish level with fees which even the
poor could afford. There was a high general level of literacy among the
country poor. Educational provision in the larger urban centres lagged
behind during the mid-19th century, but even so, the sort of widespread
illiteracy you suggest was not common in Scotland. I have looked at a
lot of Registers of BDMs, both for members of my own family, and on
behalf of other people, and I can assure you that instances of brides,
grooms, parents and other informants signing with a cross, rather than
a legible signature, are quite rare.
> I guess that refers to the 1891 and 1901 censuses, but I didn't noteAs noted above, 1870. Which means that, by the 1891 and 1901 Censuses,
> which year free primary education was brought in.
any literacy problems resulting from mid-Victorian urban deprivation
would have been under attack for 20-30 years.
> If children who'd only just learned to write were in charge, phoneticWhatever help the children may have been called to provide, there is no
> spellings would have been common.
way they were "in charge". That was the privilege of the Enumerator.
In modern times, blank schedules are left for individuals to fill in,
but in the 19th century, the Census returns were made by the Enumerator,
on the basis of verbal information. This is the source of the phonetic
spellings. Remember, too, that in the 19th century, people were often
less paranoid about spellings than we are.
> Imagine how valued & important those children would have felt, & howSorry, but I think you are letting your imagination run away with you. I
> proud their parents would have been!
really don't believe there is much factual basis for what appears in
your son's school book.
> Missing OPR recordsThere were certainly some of those. But some instances of Registers
> Here is another reason for missing OPR data: direct quote from the
> 1791-99 Statistical Accounts Vol 11 page 176 (but listed as p174 -
> confusing!!) parish of Kirriemuir:
> "...The parochial registers are of a late date. It appears that they
> were taken possession of in 1713 by the Rev James Rait and were never
> afterwards recovered. The registers of Births, marriages and deaths,
> which have been kept since 1713, are as correct as most others, but
> far from being in a satisfactory state."
> So there you have it - seems that careless (or rogue??) vicars were
> at fault as well!
being kept by Ministers (the term "Vicar" is not used in the Kirk of
Scotland) can be accounted for by doctrinal splits. The early Registers
of, I think, New Deer (if not, then it's Old Deer) are recorded as
having been carried off by the last Episcopal Minister of the Parish.
> Echoing previous comments - what an amazing & valuable resource siteAgreed. The OSA and NSA are a wonderful resource, and for anyone who
> at www.edina.ac.uk MANY THANKS to whoever posted it. There is a great
> search facility, so you can put in a parish or landowners' name,
> search for "Page Text" and all references to it on any page over both
> volumes are given. Or go direct via county/parish name & you'll be
> taken to the start of the relevant chapter.
can't easily get at paper copies of them, this site is very attractive.
I haven't tried the Search facility.
My quarrel with the site is that the pages are all held in facsimile.
Like most UK-based surfers, I have to pay telephone charges for every
second I am online, which makes downloading a 10-page OSA article from
www.edina.ac.uk a fairly expensive hobby. I wish they had offered the
choice of facsimile or transcribed text-files.
- A little bit of information might be useful here. The cost of making a
digitised image of a page of a source document is almost trivial. (Those of
you with scanners will know that it's not - usually - a big deal to scan a
page.) However, to re-key all the text on a page is a different matter, and
will typically cost 10 to 20 times the cost of capturing the image. In the
case of the Statistical Accounts, a compromise must have been made between
full text capture and comprehensive indexing, based on cost. My own
feeling, for what it's worth, is that the capture of the full text of the
Statistical Accounts would indeed have been an excellent idea, and maybe
sometime in future it will be done. But it does come back to funding of
. The OSA and NSA are a wonderful resource, and for anyone who
> can't easily get at paper copies of them, this site is very attractive.
> I haven't tried the Search facility.
> My quarrel with the site is that the pages are all held in facsimile.
> Like most UK-based surfers, I have to pay telephone charges for every
> second I am online, which makes downloading a 10-page OSA article from
> www.edina.ac.uk a fairly expensive hobby. I wish they had offered the
> choice of facsimile or transcribed text-files.
> Gavin Bell