- Someone was looking for music/instrument info?
Along the coast road, by the headland
the early lights of winter glow.
I'll pour a cup to you my darling.
And raise it up say Cheerio.
Medieval Music FAQ page
Medieval instrument info
Though inevitably a great deal has been lost, a large amount of music has
come down to us from the beginnings of the written Western tradition up
to the start of the Renaissance. Music associated with the church
predominates. Though much is anonymous, the works of Hildegard of Bingen,
an eleventh century German abbess, have become particularly admired over
recent years. Less of the secular music of the age has survived, but from
around 1250 there are examples of songs by troubadours and other
entertainers whose traditions were primarily oral, not written.
Plainsong (or plainchant) refers to the unison chanting of the Latin
liturgy. Both the Western and the Eastern churches were developing
plainsong from around the fourth century, and by the eighth the two
dominant types were Gregorian chant and Ambrosian chant.
Polyphonic music arose within the Western church during the late Middle
Ages as choirs made up of clergy responded to the desire for more
sophisticated forms of worship. The term 'polyphony' (from the Greek for
'many sounding') refers to the use of a number of simultaneous vocal
lines as opposed to the single line (or 'monophony') of plainchant. The
fourteenth-century French composer Guillaume de Machaut composed one of
the earliest polyphonic settings of the Mass, the 'Messe de Nostre Dame'.
Central to the polyphonic music of the period is the motet, which also
originated at Notre Dame in Paris. 23 examples by Machaut survive.
The most important forms of the late middle ages were all French in
origin and derived from the dance.
The virelai was a vocal form with a long repeated refrain
The rondeau had its origins in the round dance.
The ballade consisted of three stanzas and a concluding refrain.
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