THE POWER AND THE POTENCY OF THE GAYATRI MANTRA
Om Sri Sai Ram
THE POWER AND THE POTENCY OF THE GAYATRI MANTRA
AS TAUGHT AND EXPOUNDED BY BHAGAWAN SRI SATHYA SAI BABA
There appear to be reservations in the minds of some learned people as to who are and who are not entitled to repeat or to recite the Pranava and the Gayathri Mantra as part of their spiritual Sadhana. Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba, the Avatar of our Age, has declared as follows:
��������������� �There are many who argue that the Pranava can be repeated only by a few, and that others are not entitled to it. This is wrong. This false conclusion has been arrived at since they do not know the Truth. It springs from a mistaken belief.� The Gita does not mention this group or that group. Krishna declares �whoever� without any qualifying words limiting it to one class or caste or sex.�
GEETHA VAHINI � 143
Bhagawan has also declared:
�The Gayathri Mantra is the elaboration of the Pranava Sabda or OM. It (the Gayathri Mantra) is now held so venerable and so valuable that initiation into the Adhyatmic life is achieved by its contemplation.�
Q1. What is the Gayatri Mantra?
The Gayatri Mantra is the Universal Prayer enshrined in the Vedas, the most ancient Scriptures of man.
The Gayatri Mantra is a Prayer that can well be spoken with yearning by men and women of all creeds and climes in all centuries. Repetition of the Mantra will develop the Intelligence.
Q2. Recite the Gayatri Mantra.
The Gayatri Mantra is as follows:
BHUR BHUVA SVAHA
TAT SAVITUR VARENYAM
BHARGO DEVASYA DHEEMAHI
DHI YO YONAH PRACHODAYAT
Q3. How the Gayatri Mantra translated?
OM � Para Brahman
BHUR � Bhu Loka (Physical plane). It also refers to the physical body made up of the 5 Pancha Bhuthas (5 elements). These 5 elements constitute Prakriti (Nature).
BHUVA � Bhuva Loka � the middle world. Bhuva is also Prana Shakti. However it is the presence of Prajnana that enables the Prana Shakti to animate the body. It is on this account that the Vedas have declared �Prajnanam Brahma� (Constant integrated awareness is Brahman).
SVAHA � Swarga Loka (Heaven � the region of the Gods)
TAT � Paramatma, God or Brahman
SAVITUR � That from which all this is born
VARENYAM � Fit to be worshipped
BHARGO � The Radiance, the Spiritual Effulgence, the Light that bestows Wisdom
DEVASYA � Divine Reality
DHEEMAHI � We meditate
DHI YO � Buddhi, Intellect
YO � Which�
NAH � Our�
PRACHODAYAT � Enlighten.
The Gayatri Mantra may be translated in many ways.� One such translation is as follows:
(OM) OM (Dheemahi) we meditate (Bhargo) upon the Spiritual Effulgence (Varenyam Devasya) of THAT adorable Supreme Divine Reality (Savitur) the Source (Bhur, Bhuva, Svaha) of the Physical, the Astral, and the Heavenly spheres of Existence (TAT) May THAT Supreme Divine Being (Prachodayat) enlighten (Yo) which (Nah) our (Dhi Yo) intellect (so that we may realise the Supreme Truth).
Also Dhi Yo Yo Nah Prachodayat = Awaken my Discrimination,
O Lord and guide me.�
Q4. Who discovered the Gayatri Mantra?
Sage Vishwamitra discovered the Gayatri Mantra. It was the same Sage Vishwamitra who initiated Sri Rama into the mysteries of Sun worship, through the Mantra Aadithya Hrdayam. Many people recite Aadithya Hrdayam as part of their Sadhana.��� �
Q5. What did the Gayatri Mantra enable Sage Vishwamitra to do?
The Gayatri Mantra enabled Sage Vishwamitra to use rare weapons, which bowed to his will when the Mantra was repeated with faith. Through the powers he attained in this way, Vishwamitra was able to create a counterpart of the Cosmos. �
Q6. To whom is the Gayatri Mantra addressed?
The Gayatri Mantra is addressed to the energy of the Sun, Surya.� (Bhagawan is Surya Narayana)
Q7. What is the potency of the Gayatri Mantra?
The Gayatri Mantra has infinite potentialities. It is a vibrant formula. It has immense powers, powers that are truly amazing, for the Sun is its presiding Deity.
Q8. Where is the Gayatri Mantra enshrined?
The Gayatri Mantra is enshrined in the Vedas, the most ancient Scriptures of man. (Rig Veda III 62,10)
Q9. Who is Gayatri?
Gayatri is the mother of the Vedas. Gayatri Chandasaam Maathaa.
Q10. Whom does Gayatri redeem?
Gayatri redeems the reciter of the Mantra. Gaayantham Thraayathe Ithi Gayatri.
Q11. Where is Gayatri present?
Gayatri is present wherever the Mantra is recited.��
Q12. What are the three Names of Gayatri?
Gayatri has three Names � Gayatri, Savitri and Saraswathi. These three are present in each one of us. Gayatri is the master of the Senses. Savitri is the master of Prana (Life force). Savitri signifies Truth. Saraswathi is the presiding deity of Speech (Vaak). These three represent Purity in Thought, Word and Deed (Trikarana Suddhi). One who practices purity and harmony of Thought, Word and Deed will have Gayatri, Savitri and Saraswathi residing in him.
Q13. To whom is the Gayatri Mantra addressed?
The Gayatri Mantra is addressed to the Immanent and Transcendent Divinity.
Q14. What Name has been given to the Immanent and Transcendent Divinity?
The Immanent and Transcendent Divinity has been given the name �SAVITHA�.
Q15. What does SAVITHA mean?
SAVITHA means, �that from which all this is born�.
Q16. How many parts may the Gayatri Mantra be considered to have?
The Gayatri Mantra may be considered to have three parts. The Mantra has all the three elements that figure in the adoration of God:� Praise, Meditation and Prayer.
The first nine words represent the attributes of the Divine.
�OM BHUR BHUVA SVAHA TAT SAVITUR VARENYAM BHARGO DEVASYA�
�DHEEMAHI� pertains to Meditation.
�DHI YO YONAH PRACHODAYAT� is the Prayer to God to confer on us all powers and talents.
Q17. What may the three parts also be described as?
The three parts may also be described as:
(1)�Praise to Savitha. The Divine is first praised.
(2)�Meditation on Savitha. The Divine is then meditated upon with reverence.
(3)�Prayer to Savitha.
An appeal is made to the Divine to awaken and strengthen our Intellect, the discriminating faculty (Buddhi) in us.
Q18. What is the Gayatri Mantra considered to be?
The Gayatri Mantra is considered to be the Essence of the teaching of the Vedas � the Veda Sara.
Q19. What does the Gayatri Mantra foster?
Reciting the Gayatri Mantra fosters and sharpens The Knowledge-yielding faculty in man.
Q20. What are the other benefits to one who recites the Gayatri Mantra?
To one who does Japa of the Gayatri Mantra regularly and with faith,
The Gayatri Mantra is the reliever of diseases - Sarva Roga nivaarini Gayatri
The Gayatri Mantra wards off all misery - Sarva duhkha parivaarini Gayatri
The Gayatri Mantra is the fulfiller of all desires - Sarva Vancha phalasri Gayatri.�
Q21. What does the Gayatri Mantra bestow on the person who recites it with faith?
The Gayatri Mantra is the bestower of all that is beneficial to the person who recites it with faith.
Q22. What are the other results of reciting the Gayatri Mantra?
If the Gayatri Mantra is recited with faith, various kinds of powers will emerge in one.� Hence the Gayatri Mantra should not be treated casually.
Q23. What is Truth?
Truth is that which is valid at all times Past, Present and Future. That Truth is the Gayatri Mantra.
Q24. What does the Gayatri Mantra imply?
The Gayatri Mantra implies the four Mahavakyas or the four core Declarations enshrined in the four Vedas.
Q25. What are the four Mahavakyas?
The Four Mahavakyas are:
1.��� PRAJNANAM BRAHMA - Consciousness is Brahman (Aitareya Upanishad of the Rig Veda)
2.��� AHAM BRAHMA ASMI - I am Brahman (Brihadaranyak Upanishad of the Yajur Veda)
3.��� TAT TVAM ASI - That thou art (Chandogya Upanishad of the Sama Veda)
4.��� AYAM ATMA BRAHMA - This Self is Brahman (Mandukya Upanishad of the Atharva Veda)
Q26. When should the Gayatri Mantra be recited?
The Gayatri Mantra should be recited at dawn, noon and dusk.
Q27. What are these times also known as?
These times are also known as Sandhya Kaalam, that is to say, the meeting point between night and day, morning and evening, day and night. These times are beneficial for spiritual practices.
Q28. Do we have to be bound by these periods of time to recite the Gayatri Mantra?
No, we do not have to be bound by these periods of time to recite the Gayatri Mantra.
Q29. When then can the Gayatri Mantra be recited?
The Gayatri Mantra can be recited at any time and anywhere.
Q30. What should the person who recites the Gayatri Mantra ensure at all times?
The person who recites the Gayatri Mantra should ensure that his heart is pure at all times.
Bhagawan�s injunctions are that we should �
(1)�Not treat the Gayatri Mantra casually and (2)�That our heart should be pure at all times.
We should therefore obey and practice implicitly Bhagawan�s Teachings. These are to be found in Summer Showers in Brindavan 1990. Briefly these are as follows:
1.�� Speak Truths. Attach value to your words. Truth is the life of a word.
2.���Practice Righteousness (Dharma).� How? By developing Trikarana Suddhi.�
3.���Purity and Harmony of Thought, Word and Deed.�
THINK NO EVIL: THINK WHAT IS GOOD
SEE NO EVIL: SEE WHAT IS GOOD
HEAR NO EVIL: HEAR WHAT IS GOOD
TALK NO EVIL; TALK WHAT IS GOOD
DO NO EVIL; DO WHAT IS GOOD
4.� At all times follow Bhagawan�s maxim:
Help ever: Hurt never.
5.� Dedicate all your actions to God
Without undue concern for the results, and without the false sense of doership (�I am the doer�)�
Q31. What is Bhagawan�s advice to young people?
Bhagawan�s advice to young people is that they should recite the Gayatri Mantra when taking their bath.
Q32. Why does Bhagawan recommend this?
Bhagawan says that when we take our bath, we are cleansing our bodies. Therefore, we should take this opportunity to cleanse our Mind and Intellect also at the same time.
Q33. At what other times does Bhagawan recommend that we recite the Gayatri Mantra?
Bhagawan recommends that we recite the Gayatri Mantra
(1)�Before every meal (2)�when we wake up from bed (3)�when we go to bed.
Q34. What should we repeat after reciting the Gayatri Mantra?
We should repeat �Shanti� three times after we complete reciting the Gayatri Mantra.
Q35. Why should we repeat �Shanti� after completing our recitation of the Gayatri Mantra?
We should repeat �Shanti� because it will give �Shanti� or peace of mind to the three entities in us � Body, Mind and Soul.
Q36. Bhagawan taught the Gayatri Mantra and its importance to Sri E.B. Fanibunda.� What are the main points in Bhagawan�s teaching?
Bhagawan�s Teachings to Sri Fanibunda are given in his Book �Vision of the Divine�. The main points are:
1.����� If the Gayatri Mantra is not recited correctly, it has the opposite effect of enveloping the person in darkness. But, if we recite it with Love, God will accept it.
2.����� Baba advises that each word should be pronounced clearly and distinctly, without undue haste or hurry.
3.����� The Gayatri Mantra is at the very basis of the Vedas, and merits the name Veda Mata or the Mother of the Vedas.
The Gayatri Mantra is all pervasive throughout the manifest Cosmos.
4.����� Gayatri is� �That which preserves, protects and rescues the chanter from mortality�.
5.����� The Gayatri is a Universal Prayer, which asks for a clear Intellect so that the Truth may be reflected therein without distortion.
6.����� Bhagawan has said that men and women of all climes and creeds can recite the Gayatri Mantra.
7.����� It calls upon the Glorious Power that pervades the Sun and the Three Worlds to arouse, awaken and strengthen the Intelligence, so that it may lead us through intense Sadhana to success.�
8.����� The heart needs to be cleansed thrice a day � dawn, noon and dusk. Besides these times, Bhagawan has said that the Gayatri Mantra can be repeated anywhere at any time, including night time.
9.����� The Gayatri Mantra is synonymous with Divinity and has therefore to be approached with humility, reverence, faith and love towards the Mantra.
10.The Vedas are the very breath of God, and the Gayatri Mantra is at the very basis of the Vedas.
11. Bhagawan is the Vedapurusha and is therefore the Supreme Authority on the Vedas.
12. Love and reverence for the Mantra and faith in its promised results are far more important than mere mechanical repetition while the mind wanders.
13. This Prayer is directed to the Divine Mother � �O Divine Mother, our hearts are filled with darkness. Please make this darkness distant from us and promote Illumination within us�.
14.���������� Full faith in the power and potency of the Gayatri Mantra will be generated only when the seeker has developed the requisite degree of enthusiasm, reverence and love towards this Mantra.
15. The more one recites the Gayatri Mantra, the greater the benefit to the one who recites it.� �
Q37. How does man misuse his life?
Man forgets his true nature owing to his attachment to his Body. He makes bodily comforts the goal of his life and involves himself in misery. Forgetting one�s role as a driver, one identifies one�s SELF with the Body, which is only a vehicle.��
Q38. What should man�s life be?
Man�s life should be a continuous series of sacrifices of the lower for the sake of the higher, or of the tiny in favour of the vast.
Q39. What cannot our two eyes reveal to us?
Our two eyes are focused towards the objective world, and its transient attractions. They cannot therefore reveal the magnificence and the majesty of the realm of the Spirit.
Q40. For what purpose has the Gayatri Mantra been given to us?
The Gayatri Mantra has been given to us as the Third eye (the Ajna Chakra) to reveal the inner vision to us. By developing this inner vision, we may realise Brahman.�
Q41.� Why should we guard the Gayatri Mantra throughout our lives?
The Gayatri Mantra is a treasure and we must therefore guard it throughout our lives. We must learn to pronounce and recite the Gayatri Mantra correctly and exactly as taught by Bhagawan.
Q42. What should we never give up?
We should never give up the Gayatri Mantra. That is to say, we must recite the Gayatri Mantra at least a few times every day with a pure heart.
Q43. What may we give up?
We may give up or ignore any other Mantra, but we should never give up reciting the Gayatri Mantra throughout our lives.
Q44. What benefits can we derive by reciting the Gayatri Mantra several times a day with a pure heart?
The Gayatri Mantra will protect us from harm wherever we are, whether �
(1)�In a bus or car (2)�in a railway train or a plane (3)�in the bazaar or on the road.
Q45. What does Bhagawan tell us about the Sound of the Gayatri Mantra?
Q46. What spiritual benefits will we derive by reciting the Gayatri Mantra?
The effulgence of Brahma � Brahma-prakasa, will descend on us, illumine our intellect and light our Spiritual Path when we recite the Gayatri Mantra correctly as taught by Bhagawan.
While reciting the Gayatri Mantra, we may be well-advised to follow the Instruction that Lord Krishna gave to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita V-27: �Shutting out all sense perceptions and fixing the gaze between the eye-brows.�
Q47. How often should we recite the Gayatri Mantra?
Bhagawan has said that we should recite the Gayatri Mantra as often as possible.��
�The more one recites the Gayatri Mantra, the greater the benefit to the one who recites it.�
We should recite the Gayatri Mantra at least 108 times (One Mala) every morning. This will take only 15 minutes.
Those who take up the reciting of the Gayatri Mantra as a Sadhana by itself may recite 3 or preferably 5 Malas every morning, and an equal or lesser number of Malas in the evening. Reciting 10 Malas (2 1/4 to 2 1/2 hours) every Sunday morning and on holidays is not beyond the capacity of an earnest Sadhaka.
Gayatri Purascharana consists in reciting 10 Malas each morning for 24 or 40 days without a break.
To absorb the Mantric Power, purity of life and an abstemious diet are essential.
Q48. What is the result if we recite the Gayatri Mantra while taking a bath or before taking our food?
If we recite the Gayatri Mantra while taking a bath, our bath gets sanctified. If we recite it before taking our food, our food becomes an offering to the Divine. We should develop heart-felt Devotion to God.��
Q49. Who is Gayatri?
Gayatri is Annapurna, the Divine Mother, and the Divine Force that animates all Life.
Q50. Gayatri is described as five-Faced. What are they?
The five Faces of Gayatri are: <
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