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Bulletin 4:23 - Special Issue: MBHR Review Jan-May '10

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  • Andreas Umland
    THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs Vol. 4, No. 23(104), 9 June 2010 - Special Issue: MBHR Review Jan-May 10 Aggressive
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      A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
      Vol. 4, No. 23(104), 9 June 2010 - Special Issue: MBHR Review Jan-May '10

      "Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in RF from January till May 2010: Review of Moscow bureau for human rights"
      Antirasizm.ru, 9 June 2010

      C O N T E N T S
      1. Attacks
      2. Vandalism
      3. Xenophobia in religious sphere
      4. Response of authorities to xenophobia
      5. Law-enforcement practice

      1. Attacks

      From the year beginning till late in May, 2010 MBHR monitoring recorded 79 attacks motivated by xenophobia, and 19 dead and 89 wounded were their results.

      The incidents took place in the following regions: Moscow and Moscow region (11 dead, 35 wounded), Nizhniy Novgorod region (2 dead, 3 wounded), Altay region (1 dead, 3 wounded at least), Vladivostok, Yaroslavl region (1 dead, 1 wounded), Kaliningrad region, Karachai-Cherkess and Daghestan (1 dead each), St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (15 wounded), Kabardino-Balkaria (6 wounded), Tomsk region (4 wounded), Udmurtia (3 wounded), Penza (2 wounded), Orel (2 wounded), Ryazan (2 wounded), Kostroma (2 wounded), Irkutsk (1 wounded), Murmansk region (1 wounded), Samara region (2 wounded), Saratov region (1 wounded), Sverdlovsk region (1 wounded), Rostov region (1 wounded), Tver region (1 wounded), Ulyanovsk region (1 wounded).

      The objects of attacks included: the Kirghiz (2 dead, 4 wounded), Koreans (1 dead, 3 wounded), Russians (1 dead, 67 wounded), Tajiks (1 dead, 12 wounded), Uzbeks (1 dead, 7 wounded), Abkhazians (1 dead, 2 wounded), Kalmyks (1 dead, 1 wounded), Circassians (1 dead), natives of Africa (4 wounded), Azerbaijanis (3 wounded), the Vietnamese (2 wounded), the Chinese (2 wounded), Armenians (2 wounded), Buryats (1 wounded), Germans (1 wounded), Tuvinians (1 wounded), Jews (2 wounded), Mexicans (1 wounded), Tatars (1 wounded), Arabs (1 wounded).

      During similar period of 2009 40 dead and 134 wounded were recorded, in 2008 - 74 dead, 238 wounded.

      In May 11 attacks and scuffles motivated by xenophobia were recorded, and 3 dead and 17 wounded were their results - 3 dead and 10 wounded in Moscow, 2 wounded in St. Petersburg, 2 - in Nizhniy Novgorod, 1 - in Tver, 1 - in Samara, 1 - in Rostov-on-Don.

      On May 15 in Samara the skinheads attacked the members of a picket in support of rights of animals. One of picketers was wounded.

      On May 20 in Rostov-on-Don “Zenith” fans who shouted anti-Semitic slogans have beaten the employee of TV channel “Russia Today” Roman Kosarev.

      On May 21 a corpse of a citizen of Tajikistan with traces of beating was found in the North-West of Moscow.

      On May 22 a 26-year-old citizen of Guinea - student of Tver state technical university - was beaten in Tver.

      On May 23 in Moscow a group of skinheads attacked a company of young people they took for anti-fascists. 27-year-old D. Kashitsin was killed and two people else were wounded.

      On May 15 on APN website the report was published that a conflict “much worse than that in Kondopoga” is allegedly maturing in Kronstadt. The subject was based upon a scuffle between veterans - participants of wars in Chechnya and Afghanistan - and Azerbaijanis where one dead and two wounded veterans were the result. It was stated that “the authorities do their best to conceal the information about the events and it is most doubtful that the case would be brought to court”. The matter finished with official statement of the head of Kronstadt Union of disabled and veterans of Afghanistan and Chechnya who called all the veiled references to impotence of law-enforcement bodies “nonsense and provocation”. “I think that it’s a crime to try to “aggravate” the situation before completion of investigation and trial. This may not just impede the investigation but also lead to far-reaching regretful consequences”, the statement said.

      2. Vandalism

      In January-May, 2010 59 cases of vandalism were recorded including 9 - in May.

      On May 18 the graffiti: “Death to the system”, “Kill judges and non-Russians!” appeared on the buildings of Kirov court and migratory service as well as on the walls of apartment house in Yaroslavl.

      On the night of May 23-24 in Izhevsk a group of neo-Nazis tried to set fire to an apartment where the activist of anti-fascist movement of Izhevsk Oleg Serebrennikov resides. Besides, neo-Nazis made several inscriptions at the front door with threats to life and health addressed to the anti-fascist.

      3. Xenophobia in religious sphere

      On May 18 it became known about “information about ideological and political disguise for terrorist units being active on the territory of Russia” prepared by the Office of general public prosecutor in recent April at the request of one of deputies of the State Duma. The dangers included “expansion of religions being non-traditional for the country”, and appearing of radical near-Orthodox organizations was interpreted as “reciprocal response to the change of ethno-religious balance, proselytism and aggressive missionary policy”.

      The program for ensuring spiritual security in Belgorod region in 2010 adopted late in March 2010 includes for example the items of non-admission of celebration of St. Valentine’s day and Halloween in educational and cultural institutions as “they are at variance with traditional Russian culture”, of conduction of educational activities for young people on the subject “Watch out: sects!” and of placing “advertisement of services of magicians, astrologists, wizards, fortune-tellers, extrasensory individuals, soothsayers, psychics and other representatives of occultism and paganism” in mass media.

      In May the facts of pressure upon the “Jehovah’s Witnesses” were still recorded. On May 26 Roscomnadzor canceled its permission for dissemination of foreign printed editions of the “Witnesses” “Wake up!” and “The Watch Tower” on the territory of Russia.

      On May 13 it became known that criminal proceedings were instituted in Chelyabinsk under clause 282 part 2 of the CC of RF; within them 11 searches were executed and video equipment was confiscated belonging to the community of deaf believers. On May 14 it was announced about confiscation of more than 100 copies of printed produce from Chelyabinsk “Jehovah’s Witnesses”.

      During second half of May one case of detention of missionary “Witnesses” was recorded (Moscow region) as well as one breakdown of liturgy (Daghestan).

      On the other hand, Cherepovets courts terminated 15 administrative proceedings in succession due to lack of corpus delicti; they were instituted against Jehovah’s Witnesses in March 2010 by employees of the center for counteraction to extremism.

      4. Response of authorities to xenophobia

      On May 18 it was noted by the Office of general public prosecutor that 3000 members of neo-Nazi movement at least number in Russia. Its main centers are Moscow region, St. Petersburg and Leningrad, Nizhniy Novgorod and Sverdlovsk regions. “Creation of paramilitary autonomous cells, aggressive behavioral style, outrageous cruelty, aspiration to mastering of skills of hand-to-hand fighting and handling of arms and aiming at coercive suppression of their enemies are characteristic for them”. At the same time the experts of the Office of general public prosecutor paid attention to the alarming tendency when “some extremist associations try to enter the legal politics creating an image of a “civilized nationalist”. But according to the experts, the radical nationalistically orientated informal associations, first of all the youth ones, ”are of the most danger for the society”. The basis of their ideology is national-racism; they stand against “uncontrolled wave of internal and external migration”.

      5. Law-enforcement practice

      During January-May 2010 170 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia. 22 persons were sentenced to correctional or compulsory work, 65 - got suspended sentences, 17 - were sentenced to fines, 22 - to 1-5-year imprisonment, 23 - to 5-10-year imprisonment, 4 - to 10-15-year imprisonment, 7 - to 15-20-year imprisonment, 4 - to 20-25-year imprisonment. Five persons were released from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation.

      During similar period of 2009 103 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia, in 2008 - 104.

      In May 34 persons were convicted. Among them 14 persons got suspended sentences, 9 - were sentenced to compulsory work, 4 - to fines, 1 - to 1-5-year imprisonment, 2 - to 5-10-year imprisonment, 3 - to 15-20-year imprisonment.

      On May 17 Petrozavodsk city court passed a sentence within the case about beating of a punk by skinheads. According to the court decision, the company leader was sentenced to 2 years and 8 months of imprisonment, his companion-student - to 2 years and 2 months of imprisonment and other 6 persons - to compulsory work.

      On May 19 Pravoberezhny district court of Magnitogorsk passed a sentence on local resident Vyacheslav Loza who called upon the citizens to executing the extremist activity using Internet. Vyacheslav Loza got suspended sentence of 1-year imprisonment with 1-year probationary period.

      On May 21 Nevinnomyssk city court passed a suspended sentence of 1-year imprisonment on the student I. Kartsev for dissemination of bank notes with inscription “Don’t buy from the blacks”.

      On May 24 the court of Sovetsky district of Ufa passed a suspended sentence on a man for public appeal to extremism on a website.

      On May 25 Novosibirsk garrison court passed a suspended sentence of 3-year imprisonment on commander of division of motorized infantry brigade Nikolay Leviy who was accused of beating of four servicemen from Daghestan motivated by xenophobia.

      On May 26 Sovetsky district court of Voronezh passed a sentence within criminal case against local resident Alexander Mosolov accused of dissemination of xenophobic literature. The court sentenced him to six months of compulsory work with charges of 5% of his salary to the state income with 6-month probationary period.

      On May 26 the district court of Ufa passed a suspended sentence of 3-year imprisonment on the public figure of republican branch of the party “United Russia” Konstantin Permyakov for placement of extremist publications on the Internet.

      On May 26 Novgorod regional court sentenced the resident of Kislovodsk Vladimir Timoshenko to 5-year imprisonment in strict regime colony; he planned to explode the wall of Novgorod Kremlin for “attracting attention to the problems of Russia and Russian people”.

      On May 25 the Supreme court of Chechnya found the decision of Industrial district court legitimate - in April it found the article “Chechen republic” contained in Grand encyclopedia of “Terra” publishing house extremist. Some human rights activists and experts call this story an illegitimate application of anti-extremist legislation.

      On May 28 the Supreme court of RF left the sentence against nine members of extremist group “Simbirsk White Power” in force; they were convicted for the murder of citizen of Cameroon and several attacks on foreigners.

      On May 17, at the request of the office of public prosecutor of Syzran city, the city court obliged the providers SC “Quadro” and SC “Eurolink +” to restrict access to websites containing extremist orientation materials.

      On May 24 it became known that the office of public prosecutor of Vyborgsky district of St. Petersburg sent the presentation “About elimination of breaches of legislative requirements concerning counteraction to terrorism and extremism” addressed to the head of district administration with demand to install the filters not allowing the readers under age to visit extremist websites on computers located in reading halls of district libraries.

      The Federal list of extremist materials expanded up to 617 items for May 30; these include the new book by B. Mironov “Sentence on those killing Russia”.

      On May 18 the investigatory department of ZATO of Sarov city of Investigatory directorate of Investigatory committee of RF Office of public prosecutor for Nizhniy Novgorod region completed the investigation of criminal case against a 30-year-old man and two of his partners-in-crime under age accused of beating of an Uzbek family early in May 2009.

      On May 25 the investigatory department for Obninsk city completed the investigation of criminal case against four residents of Obninsk accused of committing several crimes motivated by xenophobia.

      On May 21 in Pervouralsk the employees of criminal investigation department found the literature the contents of which was found extremist by them in the mosque building during conduction of operative-preventive operation “Illegal”.

      On May 27 the office of public prosecutor of Chelyabinsk region announced a warning to the director of publishing house “Yemanzhelinsky House of press” Igor Rodin; his enterprise fabricated materials calling to executing extremist activity.
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