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Bulletin 4:18 - Special Issue: MBHR Review Jan-Apr '10

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  • Andreas Umland
    THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs Vol. 4, No. 18(99), 6 May 2010 - Special Issue: MBHR Jan-Apr 10 Review Aggressive
    Message 1 of 1 , May 6, 2010
      A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
      Vol. 4, No. 18(99), 6 May 2010 - Special Issue: MBHR Jan-Apr '10 Review

      Aggressive Xenophobia Manifestations During January-April 2010: Review of Moscow bureau for human rights

      I Attacks
      II Vandalism
      III Popularity of xenophobic views
      IV Law-enforcement practice

      I Attacks

      During the period from January till April 2010 64 attacks motivated by xenophobia were recorded and 16 people perished and 69 people were wounded as a result of them.

      The anti-rating of problem regions where the radicals showed their activity includes: Moscow and Moscow region (8 dead, 25 wounded), Nizhniy Novgorod region (2 dead, 1 wounded), Altay region (1 dead, 3 wounded at least), Vladivostok, Yaroslavl region (1 dead, 1 wounded), Kaliningrad region, Karachai-Cherkess and Daghestan (1 dead each), St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (13 wounded), Kabardino-Balkaria (6 wounded), Tomsk region (4 wounded), Penza (2 wounded), Orel (2 wounded), Ryazan (2 wounded), Kostroma (2 wounded), Irkutsk (1 wounded), Izhevsk (1 wounded), Murmansk region (1 wounded), Samara region (1 wounded), Saratov region (1 wounded), Udmurtia (1 wounded), Ulyanovsk region (1 wounded).

      The victims of attacks include: the Kirghiz (2 dead, 2 wounded), Koreans (1 dead, 3 wounded), Russians (1 dead, 67 wounded), Uzbeks (1 dead, 7 wounded), Abkhazians (1 dead, 2 wounded), Kalmyks (1 dead, 1 wounded), Circassians (1 dead), Tajiks (11 wounded), natives of Africa (3 wounded), the Vietnamese (2 wounded), the Chinese (2 wounded), Azerbaijanis (2 wounded), Armenians (2 wounded), Buryats (1 wounded), Germans (1 wounded), Tuvinians (1 wounded), Jews (1 wounded), Mexicans (1 wounded), Tatars (1 wounded), Arabs (1 wounded),.

      During similar period of 2009 24 dead and 75 wounded were recorded, in 2008 �" 65 dead and 124 wounded.

      In April 16 attacks were recorded and 4 people perished and 21 people were wounded as a result of them.

      The attacks were recorded in the following places: Moscow (3 dead, 12 wounded), Nizhniy Novgorod (1 dead), Kabardino-Balkaria (6 wounded), Orel (2 wounded), St. Petersburg, Udmurtia, Ryazan and Saratov (1 wounded each).

      The victims of attacks include: Kalmyks (1 dead, 1 wounded), Uzbeks (1 dead), Russians (7 wounded), Tajiks (3 wounded), Abkhazians (2 wounded), Armenians (2 wounded), Tatars (1 wounded), Africans (1 wounded), Arabs (1 wounded).

      In the morning of April 12 the federal judge Eduard Chuvashov was killed at the front door of his house from a gun with silencer; he worked in the board on criminal cases of Moscow city court. According to the principal version of the investigation, the murder was connected with professional activity of the judge who presided at several trials over nationalist groups.

      On April 12 8 persons committed an attack on citizens of Abkhazia Gartskiya and Gvazava and inflicted severe bodily injuries upon them.

      On April 18 the skinheads threw bombs into the hostel of immigrants in Moscow and three natives of Tajikistan suffered due to this.

      On April 18 in Orel an attack on two Armenians was committed.

      On April 20 the Arab Alan Hussein al-Halizi was beaten in Moscow.

      On the night of April 21 a native of Middle Asia was killed in Moscow.

      On the night of April 21 a Muscovite-homosexual while defending himself from attack of two students from Kalmykia killed one of them and injured another one.

      On April 21 in Nizhniy Novgorod a gastarbeiter from Uzbekistan was killed.

      On the night of April 26 in Moscow an attack was committed on newcomer-worker from the Caucasus who was injured from a traumatic gun.

      On the night of April 27 a group of unknown people attacked the natives of the Caucasus in the South of Moscow using traumatic weapon during this; as a result one of the victims was taken to a hospital in bad condition.

      II Vandalism

      Totally during the period from January till April 2010 48 cases of vandalism were recorded including 13 cases in April. Traditional splash of vandalism motivated by xenophobia was recorded in connection with Hitler’s birthday, April 20.

      On April 13 in Murmansk extremist content stickers calling to killing the people from the near abroad appeared at public transport stops and in other crowded places.

      On April 20 in Petrozavodsk three students of local college and lyceum made nationalistic inscriptions on the walls of apartment houses in honor of Hitler’s birthday.

      On April 20 inscriptions and leaflets of nationalistic orientation were discovered on five houses of one of the streets of Khabarovsk.

      On April 21 it became known that in Kurgan inscriptions were discovered on the walls of local cathedral mosque being of abusive and humiliating character towards the Moslems.

      On April 21 in Shadrinsk city anti-Semitic graffiti were found on the facade of an office building under construction.

      In the evening of April 22 a group of persons made inscriptions and pictures with fascist symbols on the architectural monuments on the territory of Pavlovsk park (Leningrad region).

      Three drawings of swastika at least on facades of the buildings were discovered in Moscow.

      In April in Severomorsk a fact of dissemination of leaflets of “old-Russian ingliistic church of Orthodox old-believers-ingliists” was recorded; it was prohibited before as an extremist organization. The leaflets contained the appeals to ignore other religions.

      III Popularity of xenophobic views

      Within the interrogation conducted on April 16-19 by Levada-Center and devoted to terrorist acts in Moscow underground, 23% of the interrogated thought that the terrorists were inspired by blind hatred towards Russians and Russia, 15% - that the terrorists committed the crime due to financing on the part of international terrorist organizations and external enemies of Russia, 10% connected the explosions with desire to disseminate the ideas of Wahabism in Russia. Answering the question what measures of combat against terrorism would be the most efficient, 17% of respondents suggested to prohibit the entry and residence in the cities of Russia for the residents of the North Caucasus, 16% - to strengthen and close the borders between republics of the North Caucasus and Russia and give the right to establish an order in the region to the leaders of these republics. As the questionnaire assumed a possibility of several variants of response, closeness of results of the answers shows they most likely belonged to the same group of respondents.

      On April 27 the data of agency of social technologies “Politech” devoted to attitude of Muscovites towards labor migrants were published. Judging by the interrogation results, attitude of residents of Moscow towards newcomers-yardmen and builders improves. In 2008 52% of the interrogated “felt sorry” for them and in 2010 �" 61%; in 2008 the newcomers were “respected” by 39% of the interrogated, in 2010 �" by 30%. 22% of the interrogated informed they “did not like” the labor migrants and 41% “were afraid” of them. At the same time every third of the interrogated confessed he hired the foreign workers for repairing his apartment, building a country-house, repairing a motorcar etc and 64% of such employers were satisfied with the quality of their services.

      IV Law-enforcement practice

      During the period from January till April 2010 134 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia. 4 persons were sentenced to 20-25-year imprisonment, 4 �" to 15-20-year imprisonment, 4 �" to 10-15-year imprisonment, 21 �" to 5-10-year imprisonment, 20 �" to 1-5-year imprisonment, 13 �" to correctional or compulsory work, 49 persons got suspended sentences and 13 �" were sentenced to fines. Five persons were released from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation.
      During similar period of 2009 82 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia, in 2008 �" 49 persons. Disproportionately big share of such measure of punishment being inefficient enough as suspended sentences attracts attention. In many cases big fines would be more efficient measures of punishment.

      During April 33 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia, and criminal proceedings were terminated against three persons else due to their being below the age of criminal liability. Among the convicted 3 persons were sentenced to 15-20-year imprisonment, 3 �" to 5-10-year imprisonment, 3 �" to 1-5-year imprisonment, 11 persons got suspended sentences, 4 �" were sentenced to compulsory work and 3 �" to fines. Five persons were released from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation.

      Early in April the office of public prosecutor of Nalchik found the demands about creation of a separate Balkar republic that were heard at the meeting arranged by Balkar activists on March 8, 2010 not corresponding to the Constitution of RF and inciting interethnic hostility. The warning about inadmissibility of breaking the RF legislation in force was announced to two activists.

      On April 6 St. Petersburg city court released nine of 11 accused within the case about attacks on foreigners, from custody. Five of them were released from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation and four �" got suspended sentenced from 3,5-year to 5-year imprisonment. Two of them accused of murder were sentenced to 16-year and 9-year imprisonment.

      On April 6 the office of public prosecutor of Central district of Tver approved the indictment on criminal case against the skin-band “Nordic front” that was involved into drawing of xenophobic graffiti.

      On April 6 the enactment of magistrate’s court of Leninsky administrative district of Tyumen came into force about finding of a 20-year-old student of Tyumen state oil-and-gas university guilty of dissemination of agitation materials (symbols, slogans, photos) of inter-regional public organization “National-Bolshevik party” (NBP) on the Internet. According to the magistrate’s court decision the young man got the punishment of fine with confiscation of all the above-mentioned materials.

      On April 8 Moscow city court, basing upon the jury verdict, passed a sentence on skinheads A. Ryno, P. Skachevsky and R. Kuzin. The term of punishment for skinheads A. Ryno and P. Skachevsky was not increased as they were already sentenced to the term being maximal for persons under age �" 10-year imprisonment. R. Kuzin, taking into account the sentence passed on him before, was sentenced to 22-year imprisonment.

      On April 8 the office of public prosecutor of Oktyabrsky district of Kirov instituted administrative proceedings against a local resident who placed video materials with Nazi symbols on his page in the social network.

      On April 8 the court of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky complied with the application of the city public prosecutor about acknowledgement of the book by B. Mironov “Verdict on those killing Russia” (Moscow, FORZHI, 2005) to be the extremist literature.

      On April 8 Oktyabrsky district court of Admiralteisky district of St. Petersburg acknowledged special appendix to the newspaper “Knowledge is authority!” No 4 (273) dated February 2006 an extremist material.

      On April 8 Kirovsky district court of Omsk acknowledged the ideas of the article “About national ideology of Russian people” published in the newspaper “News of “Russian-Slavic National Union” in July 2008 extremist.

      On April 9, 2010 Tyumen regional office of public prosecutor sent the criminal case against 23-year-old Alexander Khodyrev and Vasily Fedyayev, 20-year-old Alexey Smetanin and Andrey Kuzmich, 24-year-old Alexander Yaroslavtsev and nine persons under age to court. The bodies of preliminary investigation accuse them of crimes against life and health committed in 2007-2008 and motivated by ethnic hatred and hostility.

      On April 12 Moskovsky district court of Cheboksary city found 20-year-old student of local college and 17-year-old resident of Cheboksary guilty of beating of two students �" natives of Equatorial Guinea. The student was also found guilty of drawing xenophobic graffiti. The student got the punishment of 1-year imprisonment with serving it in colony-settlement and 17-year-old teenager �" of 180 hours of compulsory work. Criminal persecution was terminated against two 15-year-old teenagers due to their being below the age of criminal liability.

      On April 12 in Zheleznodorozhny district court of Ryazan the verdict was announced to two skinheads who had beaten a student from Cameroon on April 20, 2009. One of them got suspended sentence of 3-year imprisonment with 2-year period of probation and another one also got suspended sentence of 2-year imprisonment with period of probation of 1,5 years; besides, he has to pay a fine in amount of two thousand rubles. Criminal persecution against one else of the attackers was terminated due to his being below the age of criminal liability.

      On April 12 Angarsk city court decided for the third time already to return the criminal case about attack on ecological camp in summer 2007 when the anti-fascist Ilya Borodayenko perished, to the city public prosecutor. The judge on cases against the persons under age T. Vorotnikova stated that the investigator broke the clauses of Criminal-Legal Procedure Code and these “breaches set forth in the bill of indictment are essential, are not a technical mistake and can’t be corrected by the court independently”.

      On April 13 in Voronezh the trial started over the representative of association “Military-Imperial union” A. Mosolov accused of dissemination of anti-Semitic brochure titled “Russia takes up arms against the destructors”.

      On April 15 in Severodvinsk the guilty verdict was passed for incitement of interethnic hostility in the social network “Vkontakte.ru”. The court sentenced a 21-year-old city resident to compulsory work of 180 hours.

      On April 16 it became known that the directorate of Roscomnadzor for Nizhniy Novgorod region requested local Internet-companies to restrict access to websites with extremist materials by filtration of their IP-addresses. The appendix to the letter contained an extract from the federal list of extremist materials (totally 43 items) banned for dissemination on the territory of Russia.

      On April 19 Akhtubinsk city court of Astrakhan region passed a guilty verdict on a 17-year-old resident of Akhtubinsk accused of dissemination of xenophobic orientation video files. Taking into account his being under age, the court fixed the punishment of 160-hour compulsory work for the youngster and released him from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation.

      On April 19 the investigatory bodies of Investigatory committee for Magadan region instituted criminal proceedings against a resident of Magadan suspected of dissemination of xenophobic materials on the Internet.

      On April 20 in Nizhniy Novgorod the criminal case concerning a skinhead group that killed a citizen of Uzbekistan on May 9, 2009 was sent to court.
      On April 20 in Moscow the leader of organization “Russian image” Ilya Goryachev was detained and then released after examination.

      On April 21 in Moscow district military court the hearings took place concerning the case of a skinhead group (so-called “Molotkov’s gang” accused of 27 murders, attacks motivated by ethnicity as well as preparation to terrorist act).

      On April 21 Vyborgsky district court acknowledged the leaflets confiscated from the student Sergey Orlov convicted for incitement of interethnic dissension extremist.

      On April 21 the office of public prosecutor of Diveyevsky district (Nizhniy Novgorod region) sent the criminal case on accusation of a group of young people who committed an attack on Uzbek family in May 2009 to court.

      On April 21 the public prosecutor of Samara region issued a warning to Aybek Abdylkerimov about inadmissibility of extremist activity expressed in propaganda of views of prohibited organization “Tabligi Djamaat”.

      On April 21 it became known that law-enforcement bodies, within the investigation on criminal case of a resident of Argayashsky district of Chelyabinsk region accused of extremism, confiscated extremist materials of Islamist orientation in two mosques and three apartments of the district.

      On April 21 the Office of general public prosecutor started the examination of social network “Vkontakte” concerning appearing of extremist materials on the website.

      On April 23 the justice of the peace of Sovetsky district of Novosibirsk sentenced the local resident D. Belala who disseminated the film “Wandering Jew” acknowledged extremist on the Internet, to the fine of 1000 rubles with confiscation of the extremist material.

      On April 23 the criminal case against the head of Omsk organization “Russian-Slavic National union” Vladimir Dmitriyev was sent to court; he is accused of dissemination of anti-Semitic orientation printed produce.

      On April 23 in Tyumen the case against a group of 14 skinheads who committed several attacks in 2008 was sent to court.

      On April 23 in Novosibirsk garrison military court the trial started on the case of the commander of division of motorized infantry brigade Nikolay Lesnoy accused of beating of four servicemen from Daghestan.
      On April 26 Naberezhniye Chelny city court passed a guilty verdict on four skinheads who had beaten a student-Tajik in autumn 2009. They all got suspended sentences.

      On April 27 the office of public prosecutor of Omsk region sent the criminal case against 52-year-old Vitaly Mefodyev accused of public appeals to extremism to court.

      On April 27 Moscow city court complied completely with the suit of Moscow public prosecutor about acknowledgement of inter-regional public movement “Slavic union” extremist and about prohibition of its activity. Besides, the court made a decision about rejection of petition of the head of the movement Dmitry Dyomushkin about termination of criminal proceedings on this case due to immunity from jurisdiction of Moscow city court.

      On April 27 it became known about investigation of activity of organization “Rus rodoslavnaya” by employees of the Center for counteraction to extremism of operative-investigatory bureau of Chief directorate of Ministry of home affairs of Russia for Northern federal district; this organization was headed by Alexander Budnikov who was tried earlier for crimes motivated by xenophobia. According to the version of investigators, the organization members intended to create a state separate from Russia in Siberia.

      On April 27 it became known about institution of administrative proceedings under clause 20 part 1 of Code of administrative delinquencies of RF (propaganda or public demonstration of Nazi attributes or symbols) against seven prisoners in Sverdlovsk region; tattoos with swastikas were discovered on their bodies.

      On April 27 Nizhnevartovsk Investigatory committee for Khanty-Mansi autonomous area instituted criminal proceedings against a resident of Langepas city suspected of dissemination of xenophobic materials on the Internet.

      On April 27 Leninsky district court of Kirov found the neo-pagan Alexey Dobrovolsky (Dobroslav) guilty under clause 282 of the CC of RF and passed a suspended sentence of 1-year imprisonment on him (though the office of public prosecutor requested 1,5 years of real imprisonment for him).

      On April 28 Nizhniy Novgorod regional court passed a sentence on three participants of “Nizhniy Novgorod autonomous militant cell” that committed several attacks motivated by xenophobia in 2008-2009. The organizer of the “cell” D. Korobov was sentenced to 20-year imprisonment and two of his partners in crime - to 6-year and 18-year imprisonment.

      The Federal list of extremist materials includes 592 items for April 29. In April the websites connected with nationalistic project “Big game” and website of Kirov DPNI branch were included into the list.

      The Federal list of extremist materials was replenished with one material else that can be hardly called extremist �" this is the appeal of public association “Voice of Beslan” to the President and Congress of USA, European parliament etc “To everybody who sympathize with the victims of Beslan terrorist act!”.
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