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Bulletin 3:31 - Special Issue: MBHR Jan-Oct '09 Report (Engl.)

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  • Andreas Umland
    THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs Vol. 3, No. 31(73), 22 October 2009 - Special Issue: MBHR Jan-Oct 09 Report (English
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 30, 2009
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      A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
      Vol. 3, No. 31(73), 22 October 2009 - Special Issue: MBHR Jan-Oct '09 Report (English version)

      “Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in RF from January till October 15, 2009: Review of the Moscow bureau for human rights”

      C O N T E N T S

      1 Attacks
      2 Vandalism
      3 Public actions of nationalists
      4 “Russian march”
      5 Religious intolerance and human rights breaches in the sphere of religion
      6 Xenophobic publications in mass media
      7 Sociological investigations
      8 Response of authorities to xenophobia
      9 Response of representatives of religions to xenophobia
      10 Migrants and migrant-phobia
      11 Public against xenophobia
      12 Law-enforcement practice

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      1 Attacks

      During the period from January till October 15, 2009 190 attacks motivated by aggressive xenophobia were committed and 62 dead and 251 wounded at least were their results.
      During similar period of 2008 104 people at least perished killed by militant national-radicals and 325 people at least were wounded, in 2007 â€" 55 people at least perished and 270 people at least were wounded.
      The attacks were recorded in Moscow and Moscow region (28 dead, 118 wounded), St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (8 dead, 25 wounded), Chechnya (5 dead), Nizhniy Novgorod (5 dead, 43 wounded at least), Stavropol region (2 dead, 13 wounded at least), Samara region (2 dead, 7 wounded), Kaliningrad (1 dead, 2 wounded), Yaroslavl (1 dead, 2 wounded), Vladivostok (1 dead, 6 wounded), Orel (1 dead, 1 wounded), Ingushetia, Lipetsk region, Ryazan, Novosibirsk region, Ulyanovsk, Kemerovo, Kaluga region, Daghestan, Buryatia, Karachai-Cherkess (1 dead each), Vladimir region (7 wounded), Yekaterinburg (5 wounded), Murmansk, Naberezhniye Chelny (3 wounded each), Kabardino-Balkaria, Republic of Adygei (2 wounded at least), Blagoveshchensk, Voronezh, Tambov, Syktyvkar, Volgograd, Kostroma, Novgorod region, Izhevsk, Petrozavodsk, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Ufa (1 wounded each).
      The victims of attacks include: Uzbeks (14 dead, 12 wounded), Russians (5 dead, 9 wounded), the Tajik (6 dead, 17 wounded), the Kirghiz (6 dead, 10 wounded), Azerbaijanis (5 dead, 14 wounded), Armenians (3 dead, 14 wounded), Daghestanis (3 dead, 4 wounded), the Vietnamese (3 dead), natives of Africa (1 dead, 18 wounded), Koreans, the Chinese (1 dead, 2 wounded each), Chechens (1 dead, 3 wounded at least), Kabardinians (1 dead and 1 wounded), Georgians (1 dead, 2 wounded), the Ingush (1 dead), Kazakhs (5 wounded), Jews, Nogays (4 wounded each), Spaniards (3 wounded), Americans, Indians, Kalmyks, Bangladeshis, Buryats, Kurds, Latin Americans, Iraqis, Ossetians (1 wounded each).
      During first two weeks of October 4 attacks were recorded and 2 dead and 5 wounded at least were their results. The attacks took place in Moscow (2 dead, 2 wounded) and Yekaterinburg (3 wounded at least). The victims of attacks include: the Kirghiz (1 dead, 1 wounded), Armenians (1 dead), and Kazakhs (3 wounded).
      On the evening of October 1 unknown persons committed a murder of a citizen of Armenia in the South-West of Moscow.
      On October 2 a company of young people attacked the Kazakhs â€" builders of 4th power unit of Beloyarsk nuclear power plant. Three people at least were wounded.
      On October 4 a women â€" native of Kyrghyzstan was beaten in Moscow at the underground station “Leninsky prospect”. The assailants had also beaten a militiaman on point duty who came to the aid of the foreigner and then had escaped.
      On October 11 a citizen of Kirghizia was shot in Moscow.

      2 Vandalism

      During the period from January till October 15, 2009 115 cases of vandalism at least were recorded.
      On October the drawings of swastika were discovered on the trees in the forest in Obninsk city.
      On October 13 a local resident in Olenino settlement (Tver region) found a leaflet in his mailbox with a text of strongly pronounced xenophobia character.

      3 Public actions of nationalists

      On October 1 DPNI held the meetings in Moscow, Nizhniy Novgorod, Smolensk, Volgograd, Velikiy Novgorod and Kursk formally devoted to the memory of A. Beshnova raped and killed in 2008. In Moscow 150 people attended this action. Renaming of Kubinka street into A. Beshnova street was among the demands of the meeting participants. In the other cities the actions assembled 10-20 people each. DPNI actually tried to create one more memorial date of nationalists with provocative name “All-Russian day of memory of the perished from the aliens”. On September 30 the nationalists installed a memorial plaque on the place of death of A. Beshnova.
      On October 9 a procession of skinheads who raised their hands in Nazi salutation took place in Barnaul.

      4 “Russian march”

      On October 4 a round table of coalition “Russian march” took place. The nationalists announced the holding of “march” in most of regional centers of the country regardless of the fact whether it would be permitted or not and declared that the assemblages of their followers would take place near the city administration buildings. However they left themselves a loophole for maneuver announcing that in the cities where it would be impossible to hold a procession they would arrange the “people’s assemblages”. In Moscow the “marchists” were going to submit more than 20 notifications in various places of the city. In case of refusal they promised to arrange the routes of unauthorized march: in Lyublino, at Vasilyevsky slope. They also stated categorically that they would not agree to the holding of the march along Taras Shevchenko embankment and to propositions of arranging the meeting without procession. DPNI, “Slavic union” (SS) as well as RONS, Union of Russian People, National-patriotic front “Memory”, and ROD also were the “March” organizers. On October 4 the march organizers spoke with appeal where they tried to present themselves as defenders of Russian people announcing that the central slogan of the “march” would be “Russians have a right!”. The demands set forth in this appeal include suspension of the effect of clauses 280 and 282 of the CC, “reunification of divided Russian people with all the lands of historical and predominant habitation”, and provision of representation of the Russians in the authority.

      5 Religious intolerance and human rights breaches in the sphere of religion

      It became known on October 1 that the doctor of ultrasound scanning consulting room of Kazan college of Olympic reserve Nikolay Blinov was fired for non-observance of Shariah norms by him during medical examination of Moslem girls. However the Ministry of sports of Tatarstan announced that Blinov was fired on suspicion of breach of professional ethics of the specialist.
      On October 1 Gorno-Altaysk city court acknowledged 18 religious editions published by “Jehovah’s Witnesses” extremist.
      On October 1 the European court on human rights imposed a fine of 20 thousand Euro upon Russia for refusal to register the scientologists as a religious organization. The court acknowledged that Russia broke the clause 9 of Convention on human rights (freedom of thought, conscience and religion and freedom of expressing the opinions) in the light of clause 11 (freedom of meetings and associations).
      On October 3 Doctor of Engineering Anatoly Dolzhenko and Yevgeny Trufanov addressed the office of public prosecutor of Stavropol with demand to acknowledge the Old Testament an extremist material. In response to this the representatives of Federation of Jewish communities of Russia stated that the list of extremist materials should not be “truncheon that can be used for beating various religious groups” and called the demand itself absurd.
      On October 7 the Chairman of Department of external church ties of Moscow patriarchate, archbishop of Volokolamsk Illarion (Alfeyev) stated that the course “Fundamentals of Orthodox culture” (FOC) should not be a subject for choice but obligatory for everyone. “We think that every citizen of Russia regardless of his religion should know the fundamentals of the spiritual culture to which the absolute majority of population belongs with its roots”, the head of Department of external church ties said. At the same time he stressed that FOC is understood as a culturological subject but not as Scripture â€" “and in this sense it’s impossible to say that religion would be taught at school” and that religion would be imposed on the children. He also noted that FOC should be taught by “not just secular students of religion for whom it’s all the same whether they teach Orthodoxy, Islam or scientific atheism but people who are competent in their subject i.e. Orthodox believers”. On the other hand, the archbishop of Volokolamsk acknowledged that at present it’s not clear where such teachers could be found.
      On October 8 representatives of Khabarovsk organization of “Society of Krishna conscience” lodged a complaint to court against Saratov “specialist in sect studies” A. Kuzmin. In his turn, Kuzmin stated in his interview to website “In Saratov”: “Murders, drug trade, paedophilia â€" this is all a norm for this sect” and connected the Krishnaites with mental sick people who killed a priest in early 2000s allegedly at Krishna’s instigation.
      On October 9 it became known that the “ABC book of a schoolchild” published in Tyumen region contained Islam-phobic passages like for example “Islamic authority converts other peoples into Islam by force or eliminates them”.
      On October 9 Industrialny district court of Barnaul complied with a claim of regional public prosecutor on liquidation of city organization “Humanitarian center Dianetics” for execution of religious activity by a public organization.

      6 Xenophobic publications in mass media

      On October 2 an article by A. Goryanin “Salvation of those dying out” was published in “Literaturnaya gazeta”. It was “proved” in it that Russia needs no migrants as it is allegedly a labor-abundant country; fantastic figures of allegedly 15 mln migrants living in Russia were presented.
      On October 6 a material by V. Drapkin “The Tajik are taken for Palestinians in Moscow” was published in Internet-edition “Segodnya.ru” being borrowed from the website of so-called “Russian community of Israel”. The material, basing upon the fact of attack of a student â€" native of Israel on a student from Tajikistan, concluded that this attack was committed not basing upon interethnic and inter-religious hostility and was caused by the fact that young Israelis allegedly “receive a charge of ethnic-religious intolerance and certainty about their exclusiveness in their schools”. It also contained a statement about “youth Zionist organization “Beytar” allegedly available in Moscow where the Israelis coming to Moscow “pass another course of hatred towards non-Jews”. At the same time there is still no answer to the question whether the Israeli student was an Arab or a Jew and to what extent the version of attack motivated by ethnic dissension is well-grounded.
      On October 7 the activist of “Young guard of United Russia” P. Danilin placed the following record on his blog: “it’s striking by the way how many Jews in our country had lost their shame and conscience completely. 3900 of those who signed for Podrabinek. About 60% are the Jewish names and about 30% - the Russian ones”. Later on, during the discussion in his blog, P. Danilin preferred dodging the question how he made his calculations and stated: “these Jews, however like everyone who supported Podrabinek, stink very much”. Despite the fact that it dealt with obvious anti-Semitism manifestation (an attempt to create a negative image basing upon ethnicity), P. Danilin tried to resort to verbal casuistry in his interview to “Radio “Freedom” for escaping from direct response about his position.
      On October 11 an article by Ye. Chudinova “About victory of tolerance over the law” was published in the journal “Expert” devoted to passing the verdict on so-called “black hawks”. The article stated demagogically that ideology of tolerance allegedly triumphs over the law everywhere, that the tolerance itself allegedly “serves as a smokescreen for expansion processes, causes distrust to the court and provokes the mob law acts”, that “groundlessly lenient sentences inspire the minorities’ representatives with pleasant certainty about their safety” and that the human rights activists are involved into “transforming the criminal into the victim” and “serving the interests of minorities”.

      7 Sociological investigations

      According to Levada-center investigation conducted on September 28 â€" October 2, 2009, 42% of the interrogated named “many Caucasians, natives of Southern republics” among 5-6 problems disturbing the Muscovites most of all, and this response occupied the third position in the list as a result of this (in 1999 this figure was 27%, in 2000 â€" 23% and in 2007 â€" 37%).

      8 Response of authorities to xenophobia

      Early in October the deputy chief of directorate of the Office of general public prosecutor of RF on supervision over observance of laws on federal security, interethnic relations and counteraction to extremism Alexey Zhafyarov stated that the Office of general public prosecutor noted activation of propaganda of xenophobic moods in mass media and on the Internet. According to Zhafyarov’s information, the radically incited youth communicates in blog-sphere, exchanges experience and negotiates about participation in actions. “These people are associated with each other ideologically by not organizationally”, the representative of the Office of general public prosecutor noted. In his opinion, use of Internet possibilities by the extremists complicates the work of law-enforcement bodies considerably. Thus, Zhafyarov confessed that no efficient means of combat against xenophobic appeals in mass media and on the Internet was invented yet in the office of public prosecutor. According to the representative of the Office of general public prosecutor, the other side of the “coin” of combat against extremism will always be the threat of total censorship, and consequently new alternative mechanisms of control over the information disseminated on the Internet are necessary.
      Early in October the President of Buryatia Vyacheslav Nagovitsin sent a letter to the Investigatory committee of Russia with request to take special control of the case of murder of Bair Sambuyev. “The frequent cases of crimes motivated by ethnic hatred among the youth cause special concern of the republic population, and many parents are frankly afraid to send their children to study in Moscow colleges”, the letter stated.
      On October 1 a meeting devoted to interethnic relations under conditions of the world financial crisis took place in Samara. The office of the plenipotentiary in Volga federal district was the meeting organizer. The assistant plenipotentiary of the President of RF in VFD Oleg Melnichenko noted in his speech that for today considerable positive experience was accumulated in the Volga federal district in implementation of ethnic policy, regulation of interethnic and inter-religious relations, and joint work of authority with ethnic public associations was arranged. “In general in Samara region, due to the efforts of the regional Government, coordinated activity of Volga federal district, staff of the chief financial inspector and all the federal structures, no aggravation of situation took place. Samara region remains a quiet region ethnically where most tolerant attitude towards the people of other nationality and other religion exists”, Oleg Melnichenko said.
      Early in October the coordinating meeting of the heads of law-enforcement bodies of Siberian federal district took place under chairmanship of deputy General public prosecutor of Russian Federation Ivan Semchishin. The following problems were discussed at the meeting: “On the state of legality and criminality in the sphere of implementation of priority national projects” and “On the state and results of work of the bodies of office of public prosecutor and law-enforcement bodies for counteraction to extremism and terrorism”.
      Early in October, within the Program of St. Petersburg Government “Tolerance”, the Youth Festival “Culture of peace â€" to the cultural capital” started in the city held by the International center of the arts support under the guidance of Committee on external ties of St. Petersburg Government since 2007. The main objectives of the festival are strengthening of tolerant attitude towards diversity of ethnic cultures and languages of their bearers in St. Petersburg society, towards representatives of various nationalities, activation of civil position of the youth, support and preservation of good-neighborliness, cooperation, peace and mutual respect in poly-cultural society of St. Petersburg.
      On October 8 the workshop-training “Interaction of law-enforcement structures, authorities and public associations in prevention of conflicts and counteraction to terrorism” took place in Samara. This is the first workshop-training in the cycle of activities the initiator of which was the staff of the Government of Samara region. The immediate organizers became the state enterprise of Samara region “House of friendship of peoples”, Chief Directorate of home affairs (GUVD) for Samara region and Public council under GUVD for Samara region. The workshop was participated by 26 people including representatives of public security militia (district militia officers, employees of patrol-sentry service from Samara, Togliatti, Novokuybyshevsk, Chapayevsk and Syzran) as well as heads and representatives of ethnic public organizations of Samara region. The acting chief of department of arrangement of activity of district militia officers and subdivisions concerning the affairs of persons under age of GUVD for Samara region militia colonel V.Yu. Petukhov stressed speaking about interaction of militia employees with local population that the regime of a dialogue should be the standpoint.
      On the eve of October 13 â€" republican Day of memory of the law-enforcement bodies’ employees that perished while on duty â€" the Ministry of home affairs (MVD) for Kabardino-Balkar republic, together with Nalchik branch of Krasnodar university of MVD of Russia, held a “round table” on the problems of strengthening interethnic and inter-religious consent in the republic. The “round table” was opened and presided by the minister of home affairs for KBR, lieutenant-general of militia Yuri Tomchak. He stressed in his report that the problems of harmonization of interethnic and inter-religious relations became especially urgent recently not only within Kabardino-Balkaria and Southern federal district but also all around the country. Under the influence of some negative processes, increase of interethnic and inter-religious tension is observed in the country that may just aggravate under conditions of the world financial-economic crisis. The minister specially noted that the problems of dissemination of destructive ideas and incitement of interethnic and inter-religious hatred can’t be overcome just with law-enforcement and coercive measures. It is obvious that the authoritative public figures, religious leaders and famous and respected citizens must say their weighty word. With this purpose the Public council was created under MVD for KBR in 2007. As the experience of its work showed, avoidance and prevention of extremism must be executed in several directions simultaneously, general Tomchak stressed. Lack of well-thought-out ideological policy, especially in the youth environment, leads to inflow of new members into the ranks of radical orientation extremists. At the same time the leaders of bandit underground propagate the idea of eliminating the interethnic borderline and create the ideology of combat against the common enemy â€" Russia. This all may become the next impetus later for repetition of negative events of 2005 but with graver consequences.
      On October 12-14 the All-Russian conference on counteraction to ideology of extremism and terrorism took place in Rostov-on-Don. It was arranged by the Southern federal university, anti-terrorist committee of RF, regional branch of Russian psychological society with support of Frontier research center of FSB of RF.

      9 Response of representatives of religions to xenophobia

      Early in October when the scandal started around the demand of two residents of Stavropol region to acknowledge the Old Testament an extremist material, the Chairman of coordinating center of Moslems of the North Caucasus Ismail-Hadji Berdiyev stated to the RIA News agency that the Bible and the Old Testament came from the Most High and nothing extremist can be available there.
      Commenting the statement of P. Danilin dated October 7 concerning collection of signatures in defense of A. Podrabinek, the head of Department of public relations of the Federation of Jewish communities of Russia Boruch Gorin noted: “The fact that Mr. Danilin stresses the nationality of those who signed and makes them responsible for this reason, is the evidence of anti-Semitism. His statement compromises the “Young guard of “United Russia” and obviously casts aspersions on reputation of the party itself in case his companions-in-arms would not like to dissociate themselves from the statements of Mr. Danilin”.

      10 Migrants and migrant-phobia

      On October 6 the head of administration of the president of Russia Sergey Naryshkin stated in his interview to TV company “World” during his working visit to Bishkek that RF is interested in attraction of labor migrants including those from Kirghizia. At the same time, according to him, it is necessary for the parties to create conditions so that the migrants would be socially protected. “Our migratory departments cooperate most well; both parties are interested that the migration would be legal in the true sense of the word because legal staying of a migrant on the RF territory also guarantees his social rights”, he stressed. “So the work of our two migratory services is aimed at this â€" to provide the legality of labor migration”, the head of Kremlin administration noted.
      On October 7 Russia and Kirghizia signed an agreement directed at development of cooperation in the field of regulation of labor migration. It is planned within this agreement to develop cooperation in several main directions aimed at stimulation of positive effect of labor migration upon economy and social development of both countries, improvement of mechanisms of professional re-training and qualifying evaluation of labor migrants in Russia and Kirghizia.
      On October 7 the deputy chairman of committee of the State Duma on the affairs of public associations and religious organizations Sergey Markov stated speaking at the round table “Labor migration under conditions of crisis”: “We need the migrants very much. We would hardly be able to take and digest so much, and it is naпve to think that we would remain with such territories, such minerals and with small population. There are very few people to agree with this. We must solve the problem of birth of rate. There are not so many inveterate criminals among the migrants. The criminals may be migrants but not migrants â€" are the criminals. We must follow the road of facilitation of migratory processes. The posters must be available at railway terminals that Russia greets the law-abiding workers. Russia has the best migrants in the world. Our migrants are familiar with Russian language, they watched Russian TV. Our political task is to attract migrants and permit them be law-abiding, make this sphere not so full of bribes”. The president of “Federation of migrants of Russia” Madjumder Muhammad Amin proposed to create a unified database of migrants and give a chance to the migrants to get social services.
      On October 13 the results of research conducted late in 2008 â€" early in 2009 in Sverdlovsk region were made public according to which among Tajik migrants 16% spoke Russian fluently, 65% - so-so and 19% - poorly. As it was found out, 35% of citizens of Tajikistan work as unskilled laborers, 17% - as salesmen, 15% - as builders, 8% - as businessmen (they sell fruit) and 6% - as drivers. Only 11% occupy the positions of qualified specialists. Every fifth migrant works at the storehouse, vegetable base, construction site or in trade enterprise, and every tenth â€" in transport. At the same time 92% of Tajiks send the money to their motherland permanently; the size of sums varies from 1 to 25 thousand rubles.
      As for relations of migrants with government bodies, the researchers note big share of isolation of migrants. Thus, 55% of citizens of Tajikistan in the Urals never had contacts with Directorate of federal migratory service, 64% - with public health institutions, 84% - with educatory bodies. 42% of the interrogated try to avoid contacts with law-enforcement bodies but this is with them that the biggest difficulties appear for migrants: 33% of interrogated Tajiks estimated the relationship with militia as being bad. At the same time the primary problem is extortion and racket on the part of militia (road patrol service), first of all sergeants. In 18% of cases the law-enforcement bodies’ employees do not observe the legislation in relationship with migrants, 16% else of employees of point patrol and road patrol service treat the Tajiks with bias. Many respondents, being not fastidious in their choice of words, directly called them Nazis and fascists. 12% of militiamen call the citizens of Tajikistan drug pushers. As for local population, in 40% of cases the Urals residents address the labor migrants abusively (the names “Djamshut”, “non-Russian” and “non-Russian mug” prevail), in 32% of cases â€" neutrally (“Asians”, “gastarbeiters”) and only in 7% of cases â€" with respect, i.e. using personal names.
      According to the data of representatives of Federal service of labor and employment, just 15% of workplaces to which attraction of foreign workers is planned for 2010 can be occupied by local population.
      In January-September 2009 the State inspection of labor recorded 1529 breaches of labor rights of migrants. The breaches were connected mostly with the issues of instructing the workers in job safety, certification of workplaces by labor conditions, payment and work quota setting. 77 administrative penalties for the sum of 281 thousand rubles were imposed by the state inspectors making the guilty of these breaches responsible.
      On October 1 an interview of the head of Investigatory directorate of Investigatory committee of office of public prosecutor (SKP) for Moscow region Andrey Markov to “Komsomolskaya Pravda” was published where he stated that 90% of foreigners committing crimes in Moscow region are not registered anywhere, and no-visa entrance to Russia promotes the growth of criminality. A. Markov proposed introducing visa regime with CIS countries as the means of reducing criminality, conduct the dactylography of migrants and create a unified database of migrants.
      On October 6 the speaker of Moscow city duma V. Platonov speaking on the air of radio “Echo of Moscow” stated the necessity “to reduce quotas considerably and change the system permitting foreigners to come”. In the opinion of Platonov, powers should be delegated to Moscow city duma for clarification what specialists are really necessary and for control of their work. On October 7 the mayor of Moscow Yu. Luzhkov stated that it would be better for Moscow to reject the migrants but most part of them come from CIS countries “with which we have no-visa regime and to which we should help”. At the same time he identified again the migrants and newcomers in general stating that the newcomers commit about 50% of crimes.
      The conflict was continuing around the places in the outskirts of Moscow where the traders from Cherkizovo market tried to move to. On October 4 the picket of DPNI (about 50 people) took place against construction of a new Cherkizovo market on the territory of “Mill” market. On October 6 the residents of Lyublino district visited the reception office of the president and created an official public association “Our family” against “Lyublizon (Cherkizovo in Lyublino)”.

      11 Public against xenophobia

      On October 2 the general meeting of Saratov regional public organization “Assembly of peoples of Saratov region” took place. Together with the members of this organization, representatives of ethnic public organizations of the region, and chairman of the committee on public relations and ethnic policy Yelena Kashtanova participated in it. According to the suggestion of chairman of Assembly of peoples of Saratov region Sergey Naumov the Appeal of the meeting participants to the residents of the region was adopted. It says in particular: “Representing various public forces, we are anxious about the position of some mass media that try to play the interethnic card for protection of interests of some regional groups. They forgot about their own responsibility for situation in the region and use their opportunities for incitement of interethnic conflicts. This is inadmissible. Free mass media are an obligatory democratic institution. Honesty of journalists and their adherence to the principles cause respect. And meanness and venality cause disapproval. We stand against the use of constitutional right for freedom of speech for defense of “dirty” political interests”.
      On October 6, within the program “Tolerance”, the exhibition “Bread of multiethnic city” opened in St. Petersburg museum of bread.
      On October 6 in the capital of Khakasia Abakan a picket of Communists of the republic took place standing against xenophobia and Nazism. The leader of Komsomol organization of Khakasia V. Kovalyov stated: “We demand replacement of administrative liability for propaganda, wearing and dissemination of Nazi symbols and attributes with criminal one. We think that this clause being placed in the Code of administrative delinquencies of RF now should be fixed in the Criminal code. We would not tolerate Nazism in its any manifestations!”.
      On October 8 in Krasnodar a presentation of the first issue of a new informational-analytic journal “Federal” took place at the press conference devoted to 1st International forum of public forces “Russia-Georgia. What do peoples want?” It was presented by vice-president of Russian Center for strategic modeling Grigory Trofimchuk and chairman of Krasnodar regional public organization “Georgian community “Iveria” Mindia Gulua. The problems of interethnic interaction in RF and other countries of post-Soviet space will be reviewed in the journal that was registered in September 2009.
      On October 10 an action in memory of Fyodor Filatov â€" anti-fascist who perished from neo-Nazis in Moscow a year ago - took place in Izhevsk.
      Early in October the program of regional channel of Sverdlovsk region OTV “Ethnic dimension” won in the All-Russian contest of films and programs devoted to combat against extremism, xenophobia, racial and religious hatred “Unification” that was conducted at the request of Federal agency for press and mass communications.
      On October 12-16, 2009 Samara state university holds the Students’ festival of Volga federal district “NO TO EXTREMISM!” under the patronage of National anti-terrorist committee. The objective of the festival is to decrease interethnic and inter-religious tension in Volga federal district of Russian Federation, induce the Festival participants to be involved more actively into discussion of this problem, and develop proposals for counteraction to ideology of religious extremism and terrorism.

      12 Law-enforcement practice

      During the period from January till October 15, 2009 239 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by aggressive xenophobia including: 2 persons sentenced to 20-25-year imprisonment, 20 â€" to 10-20-year imprisonment, 33 â€" to 5-10-year imprisonment, 53 â€" to 1-5-year imprisonment, 6 â€" to imprisonment in colony-settlement, 26 â€" to correctional and public work, for 4 persons educational effect measures were set, 1 â€" was sentenced to two days of arrest, 63 â€" got suspended sentences, 19 â€" were sentenced to penalties, 1 â€" was sent for compulsory treatment, 2 â€" were released from liability due to expiration of statute of limitation and against one person else the proceedings were terminated due to his repentance. 4 else of the accused were found not guilty completely. In 2007 52 persons were convicted during similar period, in 2008 â€" 148 persons.
      During first two weeks of October 11 persons were convicted for crimes motivated by xenophobia: 3 â€" were sentenced to 5-10-year imprisonment, 3 â€" to 1-5-year imprisonment, 4 â€" got suspended sentences, 1 â€" was sentenced to penalty.
      Early in October the Office of public prosecutor of Buryatia passed a prescription on the Internet providers to block the access to website of “Northern brotherhood” acknowledged extremist.
      On October 1 in Leningradsky district court of Kaliningrad the examination of criminal case started against six young men accused of committing crimes envisaged by clause 111 part 3 of the CC of RF (deliberate causing severe damage to health by a group of persons), clause 213 part 2 (hooliganism including that committed basing upon political, ideological, racial, ethnic or religious hatred or hostility towards any social group), clause 280 part 1 (public appeals to execution of extremist activity).
      On October 2 the sentence was passed on the teenager who killed a Vietnamese in January 2009. He was sentenced to 6,5-year imprisonment. Two other accused were found guilty of battery and causing light damage to health, and the punishment was set for them as correctional work.
      On October 2 Tverskoy court of Moscow rejected a claim of a group of activists of sexual minorities against the mayor of Moscow Yuri Luzhkov on protection of their honor and dignity.
      On October 6 the court of Sovetsky district of Samara examined the criminal case on accusation of the resident of Samara Dmitry Kirillin of public appeals to execution of extremist activity on the Internet. The court found Kirillin guilty and set him the punishment as a suspended sentence to 1-year imprisonment with equal probationary period.
      On October 6 the office of public prosecutor of Vyborgsky district of St. Petersburg approved the indictment on the criminal proceedings against 19-year-old student of Polytechnic university Sergey Orlov who stuck xenophobic leaflets in March 2009.
      On October 6 it became known that in Skovorodino town a nationalist was convicted for drawing extremist graffiti in December 2008. He got suspended sentence of 9-month imprisonment with 6-month probationary period and a sentence to public work.
      On October 6 the Presidium of Higher arbitration tribunal cancelled all the decisions of arbitration tribunals concerning the warning of Roscomnadzor passed in summer 2008 on the agency “URA.ru” and enacted to send the case to new examination into the Moscow court of arbitration. “URA.ru” has the right for protection of its interests in arbitration tribunal”, the court chairman Anton Ivanov stated.
      On October 7 the trial started in Oktyabrsky federal court of St. Petersburg on the case of the citizen of Tajikistan Shamsullo Iskandarov accused of inciting inter-religious hatred and dissemination of extremist literature.
      On October 8 the jurors found four skinheads from Ryno’s band guilty; they are accused of two murders and two attacks motivated by ethnic hatred (however the ethnic motive was excluded from the verdict).
      On October 8 Dorogomilovsky court of Moscow passed a sentence on the members of the group of natives of the Caucasus known as “Black hawks”. The court found them guilty of hooliganism motivated by ethnicity. The longest term â€" 7-year imprisonment â€" was set for Dilgam Gusinov. Two of the accused â€" Ramil Sadykhov and Shakhin Khudiyev â€" were sentenced to 4-year imprisonment in general regime colony. The accused Rashad Mamedov was sentenced to 5-year imprisonment in educational colony by the court, and Grant Arutyunov was sentenced to 6-year imprisonment in general regime colony.
      On October 8 it became known that according to decision of the justice of the peace a resident of Petrozavodsk was fined in amount of 500 rubles for demonstration of fascist symbols on his motorcar.
      On October 8 it became known about conviction of two anti-fascists â€" M. Lotfullin and Yu. Sobolevsky â€" by Naberezniye Chelny city court for attack on skinheads on April 8, 2009. They got suspended sentences.
      On October 8 the investigatory department for Ivanovo city of investigatory directorate of Investigatory committee under the office of public prosecutor of RF for Ivanovo region completed investigation of the criminal case concerning 18-year-old student of one of Ivanovo colleges who placed the xenophobic contents video-reels on the Internet.
      On October 8 it became known about completion of investigation of the case on a murder of a citizen of Tajikistan in Moscow on February 1, 2009.
      On October 12 the decision of Lukhovitsy city court came to force on termination of the proceedings on beating of two Uzbeks on July 1 due to reconciliation of the parties.
      On October 13 the court of Sovetsky district of Nizhniy Novgorod sentenced a teenager who placed the video-reel aimed at incitement of interethnic hatred on the Internet to 100-hour correctional work.
      On October 13 the Moscow city court, basing upon the jury verdict, passed a sentence on 19-year-old Alexander Trepalin, Valentin Tumayev, Sergey Kudashkin and 21-year-old Alexey Avdeyev who participated in so-called Ryno’s band and committed two murders and two attempted murders. The court sentenced them to various terms of imprisonment (from 5 to 9 years) with serving the punishment in correctional colonies of general and strict regime.

      DISCLAIMER: The composition of RNB's issues does not necessarily express the compilers' views. All topical English-language texts that come to the attention of the compilers, and are related to Russian nationalism are, as far as that is technically feasible, included.
      ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: The contents of RNB are compiled with the help of, among other sources, CDI's "Johnson's Russia List," Monika Kirschner's "Ost-Verteiler," Sova Center's "Xeno-News," UCSJ's "Bigotry Monitor" and "FSU Monitor," Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's "Newsline," Dominique Arel’s "The Ukraine List," and E. Morgan Williams's "Action Ukraine Report."
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