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Bulletin 2:33 (2008)

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  • andreumland
    THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs Vol. 2, No. 33(38), 2008, 17 November 2008 Compilers: Scott Littlefield & Andreas
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 17, 2008
      A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
      Vol. 2, No. 33(38), 2008, 17 November 2008
      Compilers: Scott Littlefield & Andreas Umland

      I NEWS: 31 October - 14 November 2008

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      I NEWS: 31 October - 14 November 2008

      TV highlights Crimea rallies in support of Russian broadcasters
      Excerpt from report by Gazprom-owned Russian NTV, October 31, 2008,
      BBC Monitoring

      (Presenter) Thousands of people took to the streets in Crimea today.
      These are not activists of political movements. These are ordinary TV
      viewers. They had to put down their remote controls and turn off their
      televisions because of a decision of the Ukrainian government. Under a
      government resolution, Russian TV broadcasting on Ukrainian territory
      will stop on 1 November, that is tomorrow.
      (Correspodent) Crimean public organizations are holding protests one
      after another, opposing the decision of the Ukrainian National Council
      for TV and Radio Broadcasting to switch off Russian TV broadcasting in
      the peninsula. The Crimean authorities have not so far officially
      reacted to the decision of Kiev officials. Those taking part in the
      protests in front of offices of the Ukrainian national council are
      demanding that the state officials' decree be cancelled immediately.
      (passage omitted)
      The Crimean protesters are urging the autonomous republic's
      authorities to follow the example of some towns in southeastern
      Ukraine, which have already refused to carry out the decree that
      Russian TV channels should be removed from cable networks.
      Televisions with yellow and blue screens are being destroyed in front
      of the national council's office as a sign of protest. Demand for
      satellite TV packages including Russian television has increased
      dramatically in Simferopol. Providers say that previously people spent
      a long time trying to decide which satellite package was the largest.
      Their only question now is whether or not it would possible to watch
      Russian TV. (passage omitted)
      Not relying on support of the Crimean central authorities, heads of
      district authorities have started taking their own measures. Some have
      decided to leave Russian channels on despite the decree. The Feodosiya
      city council has already lodged a complaint with the Parliamentary
      Assembly of the Council of Europe.
      (Interfax news agency, Moscow, in Russian 0758 gmt 31 Oct 08 quoted
      Moscow city mayor Yuriy Luzhkov as saying that the Ukrainian
      authorities were pursuing an anti-Russia policy. Speaking at an
      international conference of compatriots in Moscow, Luzhkov said that
      the Russian authorities should take political and economic measures
      against Kiev.
      "With the arrival of (President Viktor) Yushchenko in Kiev, whom we
      can now describe, with every certainty, as a clearly anti-Russia
      person, a wave of Russophobia has literally engulfed Ukraine, where
      some 80 per cent command the Russian language and up to a half of the
      population considers it to be their native tongue," Luzhkov said.)

      Ukraine Terminates Telecasting Of Russia's Leading Channels Nov 1
      Itar-Tass, November 1, 2008

      KIEV, November 1 (Itar-Tass) -- Ukraine on November 1 terminates the
      telecasting of all of Russia's four leading television channels, the
      spokeswoman for the country's main provider of telecommunication
      services Volya (Freedom), Alina Sigda, told Itar-Tass on Friday.
      On the 'black list' of channels "not adapted to Ukrainian television
      broadcasting" (that is the official excuse for the termination ordered
      by the National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting) are
      Russia's Channel One, RTR-Planeta, RenTV and TVC-International.
      The National Council's representative Tamara Kravchenko said the
      decision to terminate the airing of Russian television channels was
      made because the four channels in question were allegedly not adapted
      to Ukrainian legislation. In the meantime, the National Council has
      offered no definitions of the term "adaptation."
      The chairman of the parliamentary committee for national security and
      defense, Anatoly Gritsenko, came out against the measure making
      Ukrainian media space more closed to the outside world.
      "The world is becoming more and more open. The people are capable of
      having their own idea of what is going on in their country and in the
      world," the legislator representing the pro-presidential bloc Our
      Ukraine-People's Self-Defense said.
      In his opinion "there is a more effective way - that of opening the
      media space in order to let one and all hear very different points of
      view and then formulate one's own position with greater precision."
      "The tactic of bans will yield nothing. The forbidden fruit always
      tastes sweet. With the knowledge of foreign languages and a chance to
      listen to foreign mass media it is always possible to piece together a
      more impartial picture of events," said Gritsenko, the defense
      minister in Ukraine's previous Cabinet of Ministers.

      Thousands attend Kremlin-backed group's anti-US protest in Moscow
      Excerpt from report by state-owned Russian news channel Vesti TV,
      November 2, 2008, BBC Monitoring

      (Presenter) A protest is currently being staged outside the American
      embassy in Moscow. Representatives of the Nashi youth movement have
      gathered to protest against US policies towards other countries. Young
      people brought with them pumpkins, the symbol of Halloween, and wrote
      on them the names of people killed because of conflicts unleashed by
      Dmitriy Pisarenko reports from the scene.
      (Correspondent) (Passage omitted) Thousands of people are still
      converging on this area near the US embassy. The organizers say that
      about 15,000 protesters have already gathered here. (Passage omitted)
      Protesters are holding pumpkins with candles, the symbol of Halloween.
      American flags are planted in pumpkins with the names of people who
      died as a result of aggressive action by the USA in various parts of
      the world.
      (Protester, no caption) This pumpkin has two meanings. On the one
      hand, it is the symbol of Halloween, an American holiday. On the other
      hand, it carries the name of a person who was killed.
      (Second protester, no caption) I personally disagree with what the
      Americans are doing in the world. I do not think it is right to kill
      thousands of people in pursuit of your ideology and interests.
      (Correspondent) Protesters are saying that Halloween is akin to
      fiddling while Rome burns because a show like this is staged in
      America on the eve of All Saints Day when people remember the dead
      and, according to legend, the souls of the dead return to the world.
      There are (projector) lights on the facade of the house, but this is
      not an entertainment show. Speakers at the rally give accounts of
      incidents involving the deaths of people as a result of aggressive
      action by the American administration and American troops.
      Many people have arrived from various regions, such as Bryansk,
      Belgorod, Smolensk and Astrakhan. There are also people from Ossetia.
      (Protester, no caption) For the sake of what did my friends, near and
      dear ones and acquaintances have to die? For the sake of a certain
      Saakashvili reasserting himself in front of his American masters. We
      do not want a repetition of Iraq, Yugoslavia, Korea and Ossetia, which
      is my personal pain. I came here to protest against the genocide of
      (Correspondent) The protest started at 1900 (1600 gmt) and will last
      for one and a half hours, until 2030. After that the protesters will
      leave and traffic will gradually return to normal. The stage will be
      completely dismantled by about 4 a.m. on 3 November.
      (According to Interfax news agency, in Russian 1734 gmt 2 Nov 08,
      Moscow's law-enforcement authorities estimate that about 15,000 people
      are taking part in the protest, while Nashi puts the number of
      protesters at over 20,000. The report said that the head of the
      Federal Agency for Youth Affairs and former Nashi leader, Vasiliy
      Yakemenko, was among the protesters.
      According to an earlier Interfax report (1634 gmt 2 Nov 08), a
      section of the Moscow inner ring road was closed because of the
      protest. On the road in front of the US embassy, seven of the nine
      lanes would remain closed to traffic until 4 a.m., Interfax added.)

      Neo-Nazi Bombers Sentenced for "Hooliganism"
      FSU Monitor, November 3, 2008

      Three neo-Nazis who planted a shrapnel-filled bomb in an night club
      hosting an anti-fascist rock concert were sentenced to short prison
      terms for "hooliganism." The defendants received sentences ranging
      from two and a half to four years for planting a bomb at the "Roks
      Club" in St. Petersburg on October 13, 2007. A security guard noticed
      smoke coming from a bag the defendants had placed on the stage and
      took it outside, where police defused it. Rather than convicting them
      of extremism or a hate crime, the court found that the defendants, who
      are members of the "Slavic Union" and were found to be in possession
      of neo-Nazi paraphernalia, set the bomb because of "personal dislike"
      for people inside the club. Initial charges of terrorism were for some
      reason dropped, leading to accusations by anti-fascists that the
      father of one of the defendants, a police officer, was influencing the


      Kremlin's Youth Group Holds Racist Demonstration in Moscow
      FSU Monitor, November 3, 2008

      The youth wing of the Kremlin's party United Russia held a racist
      demonstration in Moscow, according to an October 31, 2008 article in
      the independent newspaper "Novaya Gazeta." The Young Guards, who
      recently issued a statement that demonized migrants for the first
      time, gathered outside of the Federal Migration Service demanding "Our
      money for our people!" Using the world financial crisis as an excuse
      to dabble in far-right politics and thus mainstream the rhetoric of
      neo-Nazis and groups like the Movement Against Illegal Immigration,
      the Young Guards demanded the abolition of programs that allow labor
      migrants to enter the country, in the name of Russia's "national
      interests." The Young Guards indicated their readiness to participate
      in vigilante actions targeting migrants, offering to patrol
      construction sites and identify illegal migrants working there.
      Members of the far-right Movement Against Illegal Immigration also
      rallied outside the Federal Migration Service's headquarters, but kept
      their distance from the Young Guards.


      Clashes as Russia marks unity day
      BBC News, November 4, 2008

      Clashes have broken out across Russia on National Unity Day, after
      ultra-nationalists defied official bans on holding marches.
      In Moscow, police arrested at least 200 people, some of whom gave a
      Nazi salute as they tried to rally in the capital.
      Arrests were also made in St Petersburg and several major cities in
      Siberia and the Far East, Russian media report.
      On Monday, seven people were hurt when local youths fought migrants
      from the Caucasus near Moscow, police said.
      Seventeen people were also held in the town of Solnechnogorsk and
      police confiscated stun guns, knives and bats, Russia's Interfax news
      agency reported.
      Thousands of people across Russia on Tuesday took part in peaceful
      demonstrations that were permitted by the authorities.
      At least 8,000 people - mostly pro-Kremlin activists - held a rally in
      Moscow, officials said.
      "I'm here because this is the only festival in which you can declare
      your Russianness. It's necessary to do this so as not to lose one's
      identity," Alexei Ogloblin told the AFP news agency.
      Demonstrators in the capital are also planning to make a huge "peace
      blanket" from materials brought to the capital by representatives of
      nearly 20 Russian regions.
      Racist attacks
      The Kremlin introduced the National Unity Day in 2005 to replace the
      holiday marking the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.
      It commemorates Moscow's expulsion of Polish invaders in 1612.
      But human rights groups have criticised the new holiday, saying it
      acts as a catalyst for the many racist organisations active in Russia.
      The Moscow Human Rights Bureau has said that more than 100 people -
      mainly workers from the Central Asian states of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan
      and Tajikistan - have died as a result of racist attacks in Russia
      this year.
      Despite Russia's much improved economy and better living standards,
      xenophobic sentiments remain deeply rooted, the BBC's Russian affairs
      analyst Steven Eke says.
      They are often reflected in openly expressed contempt for dark-skinned
      people, our correspondent says.


      Russia's president honors liberators on Unity Day
      RIA Novosti, November 4, 2008

      MOSCOW, November 4 (RIA Novosti) - President Dmitry Medvedev attended
      celebrations of Russia's Unity Day in the Kremlin on Tuesday, and gave
      a speech hailing the 1612 liberation of Moscow as a key event in the
      nation's development.
      Russia has marked Unity Day each November 4 since 2005, following a
      2004 law signed by then-president Vladimir Putin. The holiday
      commemorates the expulsion of Polish-Lithuanian occupiers from Moscow.
      "The volunteer corps was led by Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin -
      these were true patriots, and their manliness, ability to rally the
      people, and loyalty to the fatherland defined the destiny of our
      country as an independent, self-reliant, and strong state," Medvedev
      told guests at the Kremlin, including leaders of non-governmental and
      cultural organizations, scientists, and prominent Russians living abroad.
      The president said Unity Day has added significance amid difficult
      times for the country.
      "This year was not an easy one for Russia. In a time of trials -
      military, political, and economic - we felt your support, your true
      love for Russia, for the people who live and work here."
      The ruling United Russia Party has organized various public
      celebrations to be held throughout the country, marking Unity Day.
      Unity Day effectively replaces celebrations of the Bolshevik
      Revolution, which had been held on November 7. Celebrations were moved
      forward by three days to avoid associations with the revolution.

      Russia Needs Unity To Attain Strategic Goals - State Duma Deputies
      Itar-Tass, November 4, 2008

      MOSCOW, November 4 (Itar-Tass) -- The unity, which symbolizes the
      November 4 holiday in Russia, is absolutely necessary for the
      attainment of strategic goals, State Duma deputies told the media on
      "Almost four centuries ago our ancestors realized that unity was
      force. It is of paramount importance to be united and strong at
      present, when Russia conducts sustainable development of the economy
      and the civil society," State Duma Vice-Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin
      said. "We can make this country prosperous only through common effort."
      "The world financial crisis presents a real problem," first deputy
      head of the United Russia parliament group Vladimir Pekhtin said. "We
      will explain to our people what to do and how to resolve the situation
      created by overseas states, whose faulty financial policy has caused a
      global meltdown," he said. "This holiday is full of patriotism and
      pride for the homeland. This is the symbol of unity of the Russian
      "Traditions of this holiday will form step by step," State Duma
      deputy and Olympic champion Irina Rodnina said. "I belong to the
      generation, which marked a different holiday for many years, but
      Russia has new holidays now. These new holidays have historical roots.
      We must cultivate new traditions, and we will do that together," she said.
      "Traditions are not developed within a year or two. Each holiday
      needs a program, an ideology clear to people. So far, many Russians
      view November 4 as a mere day off, and there is nothing bad about this.
      Traditions will develop alongside changes in our country and
      transformations of economic and political views," Rodnina said.
      "Unity is the legacy of our ancestors. People of various nationality,
      social status and religion united in joy and sorrow for the sake of
      life and homeland future," Deputy Chairwoman of the State Duma Budget
      and Tax Committee Galina Karelova said. "We will be much stronger if
      this understanding is nested in our hearts and passed from one
      generation to another."
      "So far, feelings about this holiday differ," Deputy Chairwoman of
      the State Duma Federation Affairs and Regional Policy Committee Irina
      Yarovaya said. "Yet unity symbolized by the November 4 holiday is
      absolutely necessary for the attainment of strategic goals of Russia."

      Over Half Of Russians Won't Celebrate Former Revolution Day On Nov 7 –
      Itar-Tass, November 4, 2008

      MOSCOW, November 4 (Itar-Tass) -- Fifty-seven percent of Russians do
      not plan to mark the former Revolution Day on November 7, the Russian
      Public Opinion Study Center (VTsIOM) said.
      Twelve percent said they would celebrate the holiday at home, and
      another seven percent would mark the occasion at their friends' or
      relatives'. One percent said they would go to a restaurant, and
      another one percent would mark the holiday in the countryside.
      Fourteen percent did not choose the place for celebrations, and six
      percent found it difficult to answer the question.
      Thirty-eight percent of Russians still call November 7 the Day of the
      Great October Socialist Revolution. Thirty-one percent call this day
      'an old holiday celebrated for many years' and say they will continue
      to mark it.
      Eleven percent called November 7 the Day of Accord and
      Reconciliation, and seven percent said it was "a tragic page in the
      history of the country."
      The center polled 1,600 adults in 140 towns and cities of 42 Russian
      regions in late October. The error is within 3.4%.

      Russian police detain over 100 neo-Nazi demonstrators
      DPA, November 4, 2008

      Moscow - Russian police arrested over 100 neo-Nazi demonstrators at an
      unsanctioned march Tuesday in Moscow, the Interfax agency reported.
      The participants in a so-called Russian March were taken away by
      members of the special forces OMON unit, the agency reported, citing
      police sources.
      Moscow city authorities had not sanctioned the demonstration, coming
      on Russia's National Unity Day.
      Meanwhile some 400 nationalists gathered in an officially-approved
      rally across the street from the seat of the Russian government.
      Reports in Moscow said extreme rightists had gathered in other cities
      around the country to chant slogans like "Russia for the Russians." (dpa)


      Minority Community Group Accuses Far-Right Group of Inciting Murder
      FSU Monitor, November 4, 2008

      The Congress of Peoples of the Caucasus has demanded criminal charges
      against Russia's leading far-right group, the Movement Against Illegal
      Immigration (DPNI), according to an October 30, 2008 report posted on
      the Sobkor.ru web site. The Congress's press secretary, Khadis Aliev,
      told Sobkor that DPNI leaflets now call for the murder of non-Russian
      migrants. The DPNI's leader, Aleksandr Belov, denies that the his
      organization distributed the leaflets, terming it a "provocation."


      Neo-Fascists March in Russia
      FSU Monitor, November 4, 2008

      The annual "Russian March" took place today in several cities today,
      an event that in past years has featured antisemitic and racist
      slogans and violent attacks on minorities. According to a series of
      reports posted on the web site Jewish.ru, the marchers this year were
      somewhat less extreme in their actions. In Vladivostok, local
      officials warned in advance that they would not allow neo-Nazis to
      march, so the marchers were generally calm and wore masks to hide
      their identities. In Novosibirsk, a group of anti-fascists protested
      the march with signs reading "Fascism shall not pass!" They blocked
      the marchers, and scuffles broke out, but police intervened before
      anybody got hurt. The Novosibirsk marchers were more blatantly racist
      than those in Vladivostok, screaming far-right slogans like "Russia
      for Russians!" and "A Russian Order for Russia!" In Chita, local
      authorities allowed the march to take place, but banned the use of
      extremist slogans.
      In Moscow, where officials banned the march for the first time, police
      detained 500 people, including the leaders of the Movement Against
      Illegal Immigration (DPNI) and the Slavic Union (SS). In contrast, St.
      Petersburg officials permitted the march, which took place without
      incident, despite the participation of 150 people from the "SS."


      Russian police detain youths chanting Nazi slogans
      Reuters, November 5, 2008

      Russian riot police have detained around 500 nationalist protesters,
      some making Nazi salutes and shouting "Heil Hitler", after they tried
      to join an unauthorised demonstration in Moscow.
      Disturbances also broke out at nationalist marches elsewhere in
      Russia on a national holiday following what human rights groups say
      are growing problems with racism.
      Several hundred youths, some wearing surgical masks and shouting
      "Russia for Russians" and "Forward, Russia!", turned up in Moscow for
      a march organised by the Russian Movement against Illegal Immigration
      and another group.
      Scuffles broke out when riot police blocked their way and moved in to
      make arrests.
      "At the moment all protests have ended," a spokesman for Moscow's
      police, Viktor Biryukov, told the Interfax news agency.
      "Over the day around 500 people have been detained in the city. They
      were basically participants in unauthorised protests."
      The organisers said on their website www.rusmarsh.org they had tried
      to march towards Red Square, next to the Kremlin.
      Seventeen people were also arrested after a fight broke out between
      about 50 youths in a park in Solnechnogorsk, near Moscow, Interfax
      quoted local police sources as saying.
      It said police confiscated stun guns, knives and bats in the clashes
      between local youths and people from the Caucasian regions such as
      Chechnya, Dagestan, Georgia and Azerbaijan.
      The Moscow Human Rights Bureau reported a rise in racist crimes in
      the first 10 months of this year, with 113 people killed and 340
      wounded. This was a 50 percent rise from the 2007 figure, Interfax
      quoted the Bureau's director as saying.
      At around 7pm Tuesday (0500 Wednesday NZT) five or six skinheads
      shouting nationalist slogans stabbed and killed an Uzbek street
      cleaner in western Moscow, a police source told Interfax.
      The police source did not link the attackers to the protests earlier
      in the day.
      Unemployment is low but many Russians oppose temporary work permits
      for people from poor former Soviet republics.
      In the Siberian city of Novosibirsk, 20 to 30 anti-fascist protesters
      tried to block 200 people who walked through the town chanting
      nationalistic slogans, Interfax reported.
      A similar march was banned by authorities in Vladivostok on Russia's
      Pacific Coast, although a rally was sanctioned.
      An overnight explosion damaged sleepers and left a small crater a
      railway station in southern Moscow, but no one was hurt and rail
      traffic was not disrupted, news agencies said.
      The Kremlin introduced the Day of People's Unity holiday in 2005. It
      celebrates the defeat of Polish invaders in 1612 and replaces a
      communist celebration of the 1917 revolution. For most Russians, the
      day has no political or social significance.


      Medvedev says justice, freedom and patriotism are key Russian values
      Rossiya TV, November 5, 2008 BBC Monitoring

      Social and political justice, freedom, the protection of people's
      lives and wellbeing, family and patriotism are the main values in
      modern Russian society, Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev has said in
      his first address to the Federal Assembly, broadcast live on state-run
      Rossiya TV on 5 November.
      He said: "And now about the values. They are well-known: justice,
      which is understood as political equality, courts' fairness and the
      responsibility of leadership, and which is realized as social
      guarantees. It requires overcoming poverty and corruption and seeking
      a decent place for every person in society and for the whole Russian
      nation in the system of international relations.
      "This is freedom: personal, individual freedom; the freedom of
      entrepreneurship, speech, religion, [freedom] to choose a place to
      live and one's occupation, and general, national freedom, the
      independence of the Russian state.
      "The life of a person, his or her wellbeing and dignity, interethnic
      peace, the unity of various cultures, the protection of small nations.
      And recognizing the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia is, by
      the way, an example of such protection.
      "Family traditions, love and fidelity, taking care of the young and
      the elderly, patriotism. When we take the most sober and critical look
      at the national history and at our present, which is far from ideal,
      in any circumstances [we see] the belief in Russia, a deep attachment
      to one's native land, to our great culture.
      "These are our values, these are the foundations of our society, our
      moral guidelines. And, plainly speaking, these are obvious things
      understandable to everyone, the common idea about which makes us a
      single people - Russia. This is something we will not renounce under
      any circumstances.
      "Our values also form our ideas about the future. We are striving for
      a just society of free people. We know that Russia will be a
      prosperous and democratic country, strong and at the same time
      comfortable for living, the best country in the world for the most
      talented, demanding, independent and critically-minded citizens."
      (C/r: 09:09'09 - 09:11'34)

      Nashi Criticizes U.S.
      The Moscow Times, November 5, 2008

      About 15,000 members of the pro-Kremlin youth group Nashi have staged
      an anti- American protest near the U.S. Embassy.
      Some held lit jack-o'-lanterns for what they called the Helloween
      American Show, with Halloween intentionally misspelled.
      On each pumpkin was written the name of someone who supposedly died
      as a result of conflicts allegedly unleashed by the United States.
      Some of the names appeared to be those of South Ossetians.


      Inter-Ethnic Clash Near Moscow
      FSU Monitor, November 5, 2008

      Chechens and ethnic Russian soldiers clashed in the Moscow suburb of
      Solnechnogorsk, according to a November 5, 2008 article posted on the
      web site of the national daily "Komsomolskaya Pravda." The clash took
      place on November 3 and started with a dispute at an open-air market
      place. Both sides agreed to meet to finish the fight later that
      evening. Around 30 Chechens fought with 40 paratroopers and local
      residents; both sides were armed. One man was hospitalized with stab
      wounds, another with gunshot wounds. Police detained 17 men and put
      several others on the wanted list. They also brought charges of
      inciting ethnic hatred against one of the Chechens.


      2 Killed in Attacks During Holiday
      The Moscow Times » Issue 4025, November 6, 2008

      Youths killed two people from Central Asia and assaulted two others,
      including a Turkmen diplomat, in separate attacks that came on a
      national holiday celebrating Russian unity, Moscow officials said
      The 3-year-old holiday - People's Unity Day, which was introduced in
      2005 to replace the traditional celebration of the 1917 Bolshevik
      Revolution - has increasingly been used by ultranationalists to rail
      against dark-skinned immigrants from the Caucasus and Central Asia.
      Gangs stabbed an Uzbek and a Turkmen to death in separate attacks,
      authorities said.
      Another victim was hospitalized after being attacked by skinheads,
      police said.
      The Turkmen Embassy in Moscow said one of its staffers was
      hospitalized after dozens of youths attacked around midday Tuesday
      outside the consular section in central Moscow. A spokeswoman who
      requested anonymity in accordance with embassy policy said the
      diplomat suffered bruises and was in satisfactory condition.
      Riot police on Tuesday detained around 500 people who defied a ban on
      rallies connected to the holiday.
      Hate crimes in Russia are soaring. In the first 10 months of this
      year, 113 people were killed and 340 injured in xenophobic attacks,
      according to the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights, which said it was a
      50 percent increase over last year.
      Nearly half of the attacks took place in Moscow.


      Jewish Agency HQ vandalized in Russia
      JTA, November 6, 2008

      Vandals painted swastikas and anti-Semitic graffiti on the Jewish
      Agency for Israel headquarters in the southern Russian city of Saratov.
      The graffiti appeared late Sunday night on both the headquarters and
      on a neighboring building that houses local operations of the Chesed
      welfare agency, according to Jewish.ru.
      Earlier that day, the building had been used for classes and training
      for Jewish children and teenagers.
      The local Jewish Agency representative said it was not the first
      anti-Semitic incident in the city in recent years.
      In 2005, skinheads attacked a student; in 2006, someone broke a
      window in the Jewish Agency headquarters; and in May 2007, extremists
      planted an explosive device in the local synagogue that failed to


      Neo-Nazis Toss Kyrgyz Man From Train
      FSU Monitor, November 6, 2008

      Neo-Nazis tossed a Kyrgyz man from a moving train in Moscow, according
      to a November 6, 2008 report by Jewish.ru. The attack took place at
      the end of October. The victim cannot walk on his own as a result of
      the incident; there are currently no suspects. The attack came to the
      attention of the news media because the victim shared the same
      hospital ward with an ethnic Buryat doctor who was assaulted in Moscow
      by skinheads around the same time.


      Statistics of attacks based upon aggressive xenophobia
      (January – October 2008)
      Moscow bureau for human rights, November 6, 2008

      During October 15 attacks were recorded, and 6 deceased and 18 victims
      were their result. Greatest number of incidents took place in Moscow
      and Moscow region (6 deceased, 9 victims), they are followed by
      Voronezh (4 victims), Primorsky region (3 victims), Yekaterinburg,
      Nalchik (by 1 victim). The following suffered from the largest number
      of attacks: Tajiks (2 deceased), Uzbeks (1 deceased, 2 victims),
      Azerbaijanians (1 deceased, 5 victims), Kirghizes (1 deceased, 1
      victim), Russians (1 deceased), Kalmyks (2 victims), Koreans, Balkars,
      Buryats (by 1 victim).
      Besides, in October two attempts of mass fights based upon
      inter-national problems were recorded in Moscow.
      On October 18 the militia employees prevented a fight between the
      natives of Armenia and Azerbaijan at the South-West of Moscow.
      On October 19 the Moscow militia prevented a large fight at the
      North-East of Moscow between the Muscovites and natives of Caucasus
      where participation of about 100 people was planned.
      In October the next attempt to use the "Kondopoga technology" was
      also recorded. Rape and murder of 15-year-old A. Beshnova committed on
      October 1 night in the Western district of Moscow became the cause for
      nationalist hysteria on the part of ultra-rights. Though the case is
      not yet investigated, the nationalists accused two Dagestans at once
      and arranged the unapproved meeting (according to their assertions,
      the meeting started spontaneously). The situation proved to be so
      strained that the authorities even closed the local market
      temporarily. It should be noted that the authorities responded to
      nationalistic activity actively enough. Some of agitators-nationalists
      were arrested.
      Early in October the leaflets were thrown about in the Ardy village,
      Kilemarsky district of republic of Mariy El, directed in the opinion
      of the investigators at kindling of hate between Russians and Caucasians.
      An article was published on October 16 in the newspaper "RBCDaily"
      "Moscow took in excess with migrants" asserting that the migrants
      would displace the Russians from their workplaces in Moscow; a figure
      of 10 mln. migrants allegedly living in Moscow was presented without
      any grounds and the readers were intimidated with the fact that the
      migrants would bring up the questions on creation of various
      autonomies in future.
      On October 24 an interview of DPNI leader A. Belov was published on
      web-site of the agency "New region" where he asserted groundlessly
      that "the people who differ from you in outward appearance" (natives
      of Caucasus and Central Asia were meant) commit the larger number of
      crimes, and intimidated the readers with 7 million gastarbeiters who
      live in Moscow and would attack the Muscovites in mass due to
      unemployment; he also called for deportation of migrants and mass
      arming of the population.
      On October 31 an article "Kindling of national friendship" was
      published in the newspaper "Moskovsky komsomolets" asserting with
      quotation of nameless militia sources that visitants form Kirghizia,
      Uzbekistan and other Central Asian countries are to blame of 70% of
      the street criminality cases.
      In October a serious combat started between various nationalist
      groups on the eve of "Russian march" – mass procession of nationalists
      planned for November 4. The DPNI leader A. Belov (Potkin) called upon
      all the nationalists to agitation among their friends and
      acquaintances and trying to bring as many as possible of them to the
      procession (5 persons at least) and announced the intension to attract
      up to 5000 people to the march totally. Preparation to the march was
      accompanied by xenophobe appeals, for example: "Whole spheres of the
      city economy are occupied by ethno-criminal communities acting in
      indissoluble connection with corrupt officials. Islamization is the
      most important factor of growing national tension in the capital.
      Plans of erection of gigantic Islamic center in Moscow with minarets
      exceeding the height of the Temple of Christ the Savior are a
      provocation and challenge to all the Muscovites". The slogan: "Russia
      is a Russian land!" was approved as the general slogan of the
      procession, and "Moscow is a Russian city!" – in Moscow. At the same
      time it was announced that it is prohibited to use the party symbols,
      "provocative radical slogans and shouts", "salutations that can be
      interpreted by the press incorrectly" (the Nazi salutation is meant)
      during the march.
      Eight facts of vandalism based upon xenophobia were totally recorded
      in October – in Vladivostok, Leningrad region, Voronezh, Kaliningrad,
      Novosibirsk, Ulyanovsk, Saratov, and Volgograd.
      During the period since January till October, 2008 254 attacks at
      least were recorded based upon xenophobia, and 113 deceased and 340
      victims at least were their result.
      The largest number of attacks was recorded in Moscow and Moscow
      region (48 deceased, 162 victims at least), they are followed by St.
      Petersburg and Leningrad region (19 deceased, 36 victims at least),
      Sverdlovsk region (6 deceased, 8 victims), Yaroslavl (4 deceased),
      Ulyanovsk region (3 deceased, 3 victims), Ingushetia (2 deceased, 3
      victims), Omsk (2 deceased, 2 victims), Novosibirsk (2 deceased),
      Dagestan (1 deceased, 23 victims at least), Voronezh (2 deceased, 16
      victims at least), Nizhni Novgorod region (2 deceased, 4 victims),
      Petrovsk-Zabaikalsky, Udmurtia (by 1 deceased, 3 victims), Stavropol,
      Tula, Chelyabinsk region (be 1 deceased, 2 victims), Togliatti,
      Obninsk and Saratov region (by 1 deceased, 1 victim), Kaluga region (1
      deceased), Nalchik (29 victims at least), Bryansk (14 victims),
      Vladivostok (13 victims), Lipetsk (8 victims at least), Kazan,
      Kaliningrad (by 6 victims), Ryazan region (5 victims), Republic of
      North Ossetia, Ufa (by 4 victims), Arkhangelsk region (3 victims),
      Republic of Chuvashia, Amur, Tver, Volgograd and Vladimir regions (by
      2 victims), Kursk, Pervouralsk, Oryol, Yaroslavl, Novgorod region,
      Rostov-on-Don, Republic of Kalmykia, Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria,
      Vologda, Tambov (by 1 victim).
      The following suffered most of all due to radical nationalists:
      Uzbeks (17 deceased, 22 victims), Kirghizes (10 deceased, 5 victims),
      Tajiks (9 deceased, 35 victims), Russians (8 deceased, 34 victims),
      Azerbaijanians (8 deceased, 23 victims), Armenians (4 deceased, 3
      victims), Dagestans (2 deceased, 26 victims at least), Chechens (2
      deceased, 22 victims), Kalmyks (2 deceased, 6 victims at least),
      Ingushes (2 deceased, 4 victims), Turks (2 deceased, 1 victim),
      Gypsies (2 deceased), Chineses (1 deceased, 13 victims), Moldavians,
      Germans, Tuvinians (by 1 deceased), natives of the countries of Near
      East and North Africa (12 victims), Indians (4 victims), Koreans, Jews
      (3 victims), Englishmen, Mongols, Georgians (2 victims), Kazakhs (2
      victims at least), Buryats, Lebaneses, Ossetins, Turkmens, Shri
      Lankians , Frenchmen, Swedish, Japaneses (by 1 victim).
      Basing upon the monitoring results, it's possible to speak about
      considerable quantitative growth of attacks with lethal outcome as
      compared with previous years. Up to the present the number of deceased
      and victims exceeded the level of 2007 almost one and a half times.

      Russian president stresses importance of fighting extremism and xenophobia
      ITAR-TASS, November 7, 2008

      St Petersburg, 7 November: Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev has
      instructed law enforcement bodies to pay particular attention to
      investigating cases which have to do with extremism and xenophobia.
      "This factor, especially in the conditions of financial difficulties,
      could be used in quite specific ways," the president stressed,
      speaking in St Petersburg at a conference on the improvement of work
      of law enforcement bodies.
      Medvedev stressed that the issues of countering extremism and
      xenophobia "must by under the direct control" of both federal and
      regional law enforcement structures.
      "Taking into account our country's history, culture, ethnic and
      confessional composition, these manifestations are particularly
      shameful and dangerous for our country," the head of state said.
      He called on law enforcement bodies to "actively engage in"
      precluding such crimes. According to the head of state, the question
      is about "the practice of applying norms regarding such crimes". "We
      have legislation to that effect, criminal proceedings should be
      instituted (against those responsible), high-quality materials should
      be drawn up in such cases, they should be referred to the court and
      the court should deliver verdicts according to relevant articles (of
      the Criminal Code)," he said.
      Medvedev stressed that "this will have quite obvious consequences,
      one cannot underestimate the general preventive importance of these

      Bigotry Monitor—UCSJ's weekly newsletter, Volume 8, Number 44,
      November 7, 2008

      On October 31 at around noon, hundreds of migrant workers formed a
      sort of labor market along Yaroslavskoye Shosse for people needing
      work done on their homes or dachas, "Novaya Gazeta" has reported. The
      men lined up along the highway were divided by nationality, with
      workers from Tajikistan, Moldavia, Belarus, and Russian regions
      congregating in separate groups. They approached cars that stopped,
      hoping to be offered work.
      The men said most of them had ended up looking for work along the
      highway after developers laid them off, citing economic restraints--or
      simply refused to pay them.
      "A building site hires us, and we work one, two or three months, but
      they don't pay us any money and just throw us out," Tajik national
      Dzhamshi Makhmudov, 50, told "Novaya Gazeta" while waiting at the side
      of the road. "We come here because private individuals pay more."
      According to Makhmudov, the workers stay near Yaroslavskoye Shosse for
      days and sleep close to the highway in garages or neighboring houses.
      Police regularly round up men and force them to work, he said, where
      they are neither fed nor paid and are often beaten with batons.


      Bigotry Monitor—UCSJ's weekly newsletter, Volume 8, Number 44,
      November 7, 2008

      In Moscow, a group of youths carried out two attacks on Uzbek
      nationals, Interfax reported on November 4. A law enforcement source
      told the corporate-owned news agency that five or six young men with
      shaved heads wearing short padded black jackets repeatedly stabbed an
      Uzbek man, a street sweeper, on Ivan Franko street. The victim died on
      the spot. Eyewitnesses say that during the attack the youths were
      shouting nationalist slogans.
      According to the same law enforcement source, within an hour the same
      group attacked another street sweeper on Yekaterina Budanova street.
      He too was severely beaten and stabbed in the back. He has been
      hospitalized. The skinheads fled the scene; a search for them is under


      Migrant Workers Fleeing Moscow Neighborhood After Murder of Schoolgirl
      FSU Monitor, November 7, 2008

      In the wake of the rape and murder of an ethnic Russian school girl in
      Moscow's Mozhaysk district by a migrant worker from Central Asia,
      migrants are leaving the neighborhood fearing indiscriminate revenge
      attacks, according to a November 7, 2008 report posted on Jewish.ru.
      Russia's largest far-right group, the Movement Against Illegal
      Immigration (DPNI), prominently featured the murder in its
      anti-migrant propaganda, and on November 4, the body of an ethnic
      Turkmen was found near the Kuntsevo movie theater. Witnesses stated
      that a group of young men attacked him. Later that same night, another
      Central Asian man was attacked nearby.
      "Tajik and Uzbek migrant workers are trying to return home," said the
      head of communal services in the Mozhaysk district, a fact reaffirmed
      by another local official, who said that ten migrant workers in charge
      of maintaining her apartment block have already left. Those who remain
      are trying hard to return home from work before dark.


      Neo-Nazis Stab Fourteen Year Old in Izhevsk
      FSU Monitor, November 10, 2008

      A neo-Nazi gang stabbed a 14-year-old boy from Azerbaijan in Izhevsk,
      Russia (Republic of Udmurtiya), according to a November 10, 2008
      report by the Sova Information-Analytical Center. On October 12, the
      gang ambushed Nadirli Nadira Shakin-oglu outside a store, stabbing him
      twice in the back and six times in the chest. Doctors saved the
      child's life in the hospital and police have detained suspects, who
      were charged with attempted murder. So far, no hate crimes charges
      have been filed.


      Extremist Crimes Up 62% in Russia, Government Says
      FSU Monitor, November 10, 2008

      Extremist crimes in Russia are up 62% in the first nine months of this
      year compared to 2007, the government's Investigative Committee
      reported, according to a November 10, 2008 article in the national
      daily "Novye Izvestiya." The Committee recorded 380 extremist crimes,
      including several hate crimes. However, in line with other Russian
      government agencies' practice, the terms "extremist crimes" and "hate
      crimes" or "hate speech" are not disaggregated in the Committee's
      statistics, meaning that many of the "extremist crimes" reported could
      involve non-violent political opposition activity, intemperate blog
      postings that offend local officials, attacks on police and soldiers
      in restive regions like Chechnya and Ingushetiya, and hate crimes
      targeting ethnic and religious minorities.


      Russian Has Bright Future in Poll
      Kommersant, November 12, 2008

      The majority of its citizens (82%) expect Russia to join the ranks of
      the world's ten leading countries in the next 15-20 years, according
      to a new poll by the All-Russia Center for the Study of Public
      Opinion. Thirty-seven percent of respondents say Russia should "regain
      the superpower status the USSR had," compared to 34 percent in 2003.
      "Lagging behind the advanced countries in economic development" is
      seen by 44 percent of respondents as the main obstacle to that
      Russia's progress in the world.
      Confidence is mounting. In 2003, 35 percent of respondents thought
      Russia would become one of the most "economically developed and
      politically influential" of the world's countries. Now 45 percent say
      so, although that figure was 2 percent greater at the end of last
      year. General director of the All-Russia Center for the Study of
      Public Opinion Valery Fedorov attributed the slight reversal of
      opinion to the complex economic this year.
      The number of those who think Russia should "increase its leadership
      in the post-Soviet area" has decreased from 16 percent in 2003 to 8
      percent, which Fedorov considers an acknowledgment that "Russia's main
      communication is not with Ukraine or Kazakhstan, but with the European
      Union, United States and China." The number of Russians who think the
      country "should have strong armed forces to be considered a great
      power" rose from 24 percent in January 2007 to 35 percent now.
      Fedorov pointed out that unpopular measures may be needed in the
      course of necessary economic reforms. "Everything depends on how the
      authorities explain the need for them," he said, recalling that, in
      the early 1990s, difficult reforms were carried out with the popular
      understanding that "collapse and an even bigger crisis" would occur
      without them.

      Turkey President of Religious Affairs believes Russia is a model of
      state that keeps religious freedom
      Interfax Religion, November 13, 2008

      Moscow, November 13, Interfax – President of the Religious Affairs of
      the Turkish Republic Ali Bardakoglu noted recent positive tendencies
      in development of religious organizations in Russia.
      "Russia has gained great power after eighty atheistic years and has
      become an important center for promoting religious teachings. We're
      happy that religion enjoys such freedom in Russia," Bardakoglu said on
      Thursday speaking at a conference on Islamic education.
      He also pointed out that Muslims, the second largest religious
      community in Russia, actively developed their culture and education.
      "It's the first time I've come to Russia, a friendly country for me,
      and it's a great honor. I'm glad to see that today Russian Muslims
      give us an example of developing their culture," the Turkish
      representative said.


      Possible Hate Crime in Moscow Leaves Victim Dead
      FSU Monitor, November 13, 2008

      A group of teenager boys attacked a non-Russian man in Moscow, beating
      him to death, according to a November 13, 2008 report by the Sova
      Information-Analytical Center. The attack took place on November 3,
      2008 on Gashek Street. Bystanders reportedly did nothing to stop the
      murder. Police eventually arrived, but it is not known if any arrests
      have been made.


      Multiple Attacks on Foreign Students in Penza, Russia
      FSU Monitor, November 13, 2008

      Five foreign students have been attacked in Penza, Russia over the
      course of three days, according to a November 12, 2008 report by the
      national daily "Komsomolskaya Pravda." The victims believe their
      assailants, who wore white masks, were neo-Nazis. One citizen of
      Turkmenistan was hospitalized with a concussion, a Syrian was
      assaulted in a store by men who asked him, "Foreigner, why did you
      come here?", and an Indian student was beaten on November 10 as soon
      as he exited his dormitory. The two other victims were from
      Turkmenistan, but the article didn't give details about those attacks.
      The attackers' MO is to knock a victim down from behind, then kick him
      repeatedly before fleeing.
      University officials have increased security and advised their foreign
      students not to go out alone. The article pointed out that two local
      neo-Nazis face murder charges in Moscow for allegedly killing citizens
      of Tajikistan and India, but there is little information about the
      size of the neo-Nazi movement in Penza.


      Kiev uses Stalin-era famine to divide Russia, Ukraine – Medvedev
      RIA Novosti, November 14, 2008

      MOSCOW, November 14 (RIA Novosti) - Russia's president has accused
      Kiev of using the Stalin-era famine to drive a wedge between Ukraine
      and Russia and urged efforts to forge a common position on the tragedy.
      In a letter to Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko released by the
      Kremlin on Friday, Dmitry Medvedev said Kiev's position meant he could
      not attend events to commemorate the famine, known as the Holodomor,
      in Ukraine due later this month.
      "Ukraine has been using the tragic events of the early 1930s to
      achieve its political ends," Medvedev said, adding these efforts are
      "aimed at disuniting our nations which have for centuries been linked
      by historical, cultural and spiritual bonds, special friendship and
      mutual trust."
      Medvedev suggested the two countries start seeking common approaches
      to the events, and invite experts from Kazakhstan, Belarus and other
      ex-Soviet states affected by the famine to join the effort.
      "At the moment, however, I do not believe my participation in
      Holodomor commemoration events is possible," Medvedev said.
      Yushchenko has declared 2008 the year to commemorate the Holodomor,
      which the country's leadership insist was an act of genocide against
      Ukraine by the Soviet authorities.
      Estimates vary widely as to the number of deaths in Ukraine caused by
      the forced collectivization of the early 1930s, along with the
      devastating purges of Ukrainian intelligentsia, religious leaders and
      politicians under Stalin. Some sources cite figures of over 7 million.
      Moscow has rejected Kiev's interpretation of the tragedy saying that
      besides Ukraine the famine also affected different ethnic groups in
      vast territories in the North Caucasus, the Volga region, central
      Russia, Kazakhstan, west Siberia and the south Urals.
      The United Nations General Committee refused last month to include
      the Holodomor on its agenda, supporting Russia's recommendation to
      exclude the famine from the UN session
      The European Parliament adopted a resolution in October declaring the
      famine of 1932-1933 a crime "against humanity" but stopping short of
      using the word "genocide." In July 2008, the Parliamentary Assembly of
      the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe also condemned
      the famine without recognizing it as an act of genocide.
      The leaders of Poland, Georgia and the Baltic States have officially
      announced they will attend a forum on the famine in Kiev on November
      22, Ukraine's Foreign Ministry said last week.
      Other Holodomor commemoration events are scheduled for November 17
      through 22.

      Bigotry Monitor—UCSJ's weekly newsletter, Volume 8, Number 45,
      November 14, 2008

      At [a November 7th] meeting […], President Medvedev also instructed
      law enforcement agencies to pay particular attention to investigating
      cases which have to do with extremism and xenophobia, Itar-Tass
      reported. "This factor, especially in the conditions of financial
      difficulties, could be used in quite specific ways," Medvedev told the
      same gathering. He stressed that the issues of countering extremism
      and xenophobia "must be under the direct control" of both federal and
      regional law enforcement structures.
      "Taking into account our country's history, culture, ethnic and
      confessional composition, these manifestations are particularly
      shameful and dangerous for our country," he said.
      But Medvedev did not offer his definition of extremism which under
      Putin became broad enough to include anyone critical of the government.
      Medvedev drove his point home by spelling out to his audience of law
      enforcement officers that they must "actively engage in" precluding
      such crimes. The question is about "the practice of applying norms
      regarding such crimes,� he said. �We have legislation to that effect,
      criminal proceedings should be instituted [against those responsible],
      high-quality materials should be drawn up in such cases, they should
      be referred to the court and the court should deliver verdicts
      according to relevant articles [in the Criminal Code]."


      Bigotry Monitor—UCSJ's weekly newsletter, Volume 8, Number 45,
      November 14, 2008

      Police arrested eight members of the National Bolshevik Party because
      of "the use of banned symbols" during celebrations in St. Petersburg
      on November 7, the 91st anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution, a
      spokesman for the police authority of St. Petersburg city and the
      Leningrad Region said, according to Interfax. One of the National
      Bolsheviks stabbed and injured a policeman who was trying to arrest
      him and that person faces a stricter penalty than the rest, the
      spokesman told Interfax. Those arrested had tried to disrupt a
      Communist procession.
      Outdoor events in St. Petersburg marking the revolution's anniversary
      brought together only about 500 people, the police said.


      Bigotry Monitor—UCSJ's weekly newsletter, Volume 8, Number 45,
      November 14, 2008

      Following the surprise mid-October publication of a list of 56
      religious organizations scheduled for liquidation, apparently for not
      submitting correct accounts of their activities, Russia's Justice
      Ministry has refused to reveal what stage any plans for liquidation
      are at and precisely why the 56 organizations are on the list, Forum
      18 news service reported on November 12. Among those listed are Old
      Believer, Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Protestant, Nestorian, Muslim,
      and Buddhist organizations. None of 15 of the named organizations
      Forum 18 spoke to had received any warning from the ministry before
      the list's publication.


      The Moscow Patriarchate stands for all-Russia youth organization based
      on traditional values
      Interfax Religion, November 14, 2008

      Moscow, November 14, Interfax – The Russian Orthodox Church believes
      it necessary to establish a youth organization in Russia with an
      ideology based on traditional values.
      "We used to have a youth organization (Soviet youth organization
      Komsomol – IF) working all through the country. It did a lot of useful
      work and many of those who belong to political elite today stepped out
      of the organization, where they gained administrative experience," the
      Chair of the Moscow Patriarchate Department for External Church
      Relations Metropolitan Kirill said answering the questions of the
      Nashi youth movement.
      The Metropolitan stressed that Komsomol was "toughly connected with
      ideology and reflecting the collapse of ideology, the organization
      also disbanded."
      According to the Metropolitan, today "there's a need for such
      organization, but it shouldn't be associated with the Soviet ideology."
      "We have to take all the best from the past and fill it with the
      values of a thousand-year Russian history and then this youth
      organization will be consolidated with real time-tested values instead
      of sham ideals," Metropolitan Kirill said.
      The Nashi representatives initiated the meeting to question
      Metropolitan Kirill on church life. One of the questions referred to
      the attitude of the Church to Komsomol as its 90th anniversary was
      celebrated on October 29, 2008.



      Turkish neo-nationalists and global ultra-nationalists form an axis of
      By Kerim Balci
      Today's Zaman, June 1, 2008

      Why would Gündüz Aktan, a former ambassador and a declared
      nationalist, refer to both Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) and Schmitt's
      staunch critic, Leo Strauss (1899-1973), in the same article as
      sources of inspiration to define the current domestic political
      struggle in Turkey?
      Aktan did this in his farewell article to the readers of the Radikal
      daily on June 9, 2007 and claimed that Turkey's situation coincided
      with Schmitt's view that politics is a struggle of different
      lifestyles that can be fatal. Schmitt is known to be the ideologue of
      National Socialism, and Leo Strauss was a Nazi survivor who immigrated
      to the US to become the theoretician of the neo-conservative ideology.
      What brought these two unlikely bedfellows together and made them a
      source of inspiration to Aktan was their uncompromising antagonism
      against liberalism. Schmitt believed that through its endeavor to
      reconcile opposites, liberalism was an effort to change the intrinsic
      characteristics of politics and Strauss believed in "the continuation
      of the existing hegemony" by any means necessary. Schmitt believed
      that war is a way to keep the current hegemony so it has to exist to
      prevent the spread of liberalism. Strauss believed that "noble lies,"
      robust internationalism, declarations of emergency, immunity from
      accepted rules and laws and, finally, the aestheticization of violence
      were all legitimate methods to preserve the standing hegemony.
      Turkish neo-nationalists (Ulusalcı) do not have the intellectual depth
      of Gündüz Aktan, but their operational strategies overlap with those
      of Schmitt and Strauss to such an extent that it is unexplainable
      without a link between the various embodiments of the Ulusalcı
      ideology -- such as the Şemdinli gang, the Red Apple Coalition, the
      Ergenekon gang and the Republican rallies -- and the two conflicting
      ideologues of neo-conservatism. The link is in human form: Michael
      Rubin, Daniel Pipes, Matthew Bryza, Barry Rubin, Zeyno Baran and Soner
      Çağaptay (directly) and Dick Cheney, Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle and
      Robert Novak (less explicitly).
      The most visible link between the American neo-cons and the Turkish
      Ulusalcıs is the love affair between Rubin and the self-marginalized
      Turkish daily Cumhuriyet. Rubin, an associate of the American
      Enterprise Institute (AEI), is the inventor of the term
      "Islamofacism." In his articles in the Middle East Forum journal he
      has openly praised names like Serdar Akinan, Tuncay Özkan and Nihat
      Genç and compared Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to
      French racist Jean-Marie Le Pen and Austrian fascist Jörg Haider. What
      is interesting and unacceptable about Rubin is the fact that though he
      has attacked Turkey after the March 1 memorandum with the worst of
      words, he was still invited to the War Academy in Turkey to give a
      conference. Rubin's claims about Fethullah Gülen reflect the rhetoric
      of the Ulusalcıs to the point that he uses Gülen's name in its
      distorted form (Fetullah), as is done by the Ulusalcıs of Turkey.
      For an anti-imperialist newspaper like Cumhuriyet, Rubin, a political
      strategist working with figures like William Kristol and Robert Kagan
      who are leading the openly imperialist Project for the New American
      Century (PNAC), should be the last name to be praised or used as a
      reliable source in their pages. But this fellow and Cumhuriyet have
      developed a fruitful relation wherein Rubin cites Cumhuriyet's
      distortions as a source and then Cumhuriyet carries them to its
      headlines as if they belonged to Rubin himself. This vicious circle of
      "referencing" is used by other Ulusalcı publications. Aydınlık weekly,
      for example, uses its relations with Andrey Melnikov of Nezavisimaya,
      a daily published by the Izvestia Group in Russia, and Yana Amelina, a
      foreign policy editor for the Russian News Agency, in the same way.
      They are informed directly by Aydınlık or through its grandmaster Doğu
      Perinçek's son Mehmet Perinçek, who has a post-graduate degree from
      Moscow, and later on Aydınlık refers to them as reliable sources of
      information about the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), the
      future of Turkey, Islam and the Gülen Movement. These Russian names
      are expectedly from the supporters of the Eurasia Movement and have
      good relations with Mehmet Perinçek due to his active role in
      Eurasianist circles. The Moscow bureau of the Ulusalcıs is run by
      Mehmet Perinçek and, in a striking similarity to Rubin, they have also
      organized conferences in Turkey managing to reach the core of the
      secularist establishment.
      Political analyst Emre Uslu says that it is almost impossible to
      detect the organic links of the Ulusalcıs with the West because these
      people were the ones who once managed almost all relations between
      Turkey and the West. So their relations may be a continuation of old
      innocent relations. These relations are also hard to detect, according
      to Uslu, because they are being managed by institutions, think-tanks
      and academicians that have legitimate covers.
      The think tanks actively engaging the Turkish Ulusalcıs are AEI, the
      Washington Institute for Near East Policy and the Hudson Institute.
      The institutional relations between the American neo-cons and the
      Turkish Ulusalcıs are run by the office of Dick Cheney, Richard Perle
      of AEI and Zeyno Baran of the Hudson Institute on the American side
      and, on the other side, by Mustafa Süzer, former owner of Kentbank and
      a close associate of Perle, and İlhan Selçuk, "big brother" of
      Cumhuriyet. Süzer's meetings with Dick Cheney were disclosed in the
      Turkish press and never denied by either side. Selçuk is also reported
      to have spoken with Cheney's advisors and established a back-channel
      with the US vice president's office through Elçin Poyrazlar, the
      Washington representative for Cumhuriyet. Writing in the Yeni Şafak
      daily, Taha Kıvanç claimed that this back-channel had already been
      established before the American occupation of Iraq and that Selçuk had
      promised the Americans Turkey's support in return for American neo-con
      support for the Turkish Ulusalcıs to come to power in Ankara.
      Cengiz Çandar claimed in a recent article in the Referans daily that
      the Ulusalcıs are using the pretext of a future American operation in
      Iran as an opportunity to convince the neo-cons that an Ulusalcı
      government in Ankara would serve them better.
      The think tank connections of the Ulusalcıs are working both ways: The
      Ulusalcıs receive tactics and information from the think tanks, and
      they also try to influence the American administration through the
      think tanks. One example of this reciprocity can be seen in the
      articles of the Washington Institute's Çağaptay, in which Çağaptay has
      not only labeled Turkey's AK Party government as a danger to
      Turkish-American relations, but has even guided former President Ahmet
      Necdet Sezer on how to prevent the AK Party's further growth and
      Constitutional reforms. The Hudson Institute meeting in which the
      scenario of a possible military intervention in Turkey was discussed
      with two high-ranking Turkish generals in attendance is another example.
      This advisory connection is evidenced mainly in newspaper articles
      from neo-con writers. The Washington Times, The Washington Post and
      The New York Times frequently publish articles by the American allies
      of the Ulusalcıs. Figures like Rubin, Pipes, Jim Hoagland and Novak
      try to convince Americans that post-July 22, 2007 Turkey is no longer
      an ally of the US; that the AK Party government would feel better at
      home in Iran than in the US; that the AK Party uses the rhetoric of EU
      membership and economic development to conceal its real intentions;
      that the real allies of America in Ankara are the soldiers and the
      American should work with them alone; that Turkey should not be taken
      into the EU; and that Turkey will soon become a second Iran in the
      region. One protagonist of this last absurd idea is Rubin, who wrote
      recently in National Review Online that a prospective return of Gülen
      to Turkey would have the same effect as Khomeini's return to Iran from
      Paris and called on Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice not to support
      the AK Party government even in the name of democracy. Rubin was
      sarcastically critical of the American Ambassador in Ankara Ross
      Wilson, who managed to convince Rice to stand by democracy in Turkey,
      claiming that Wilson knew only partying in the garden of the embassy.
      Ulusalcıs also have allies in the US State Department. Richard Perle
      is said to have worked on the name of the Turkish Ulusalcıs to
      convince -- successfully - Assistant Secretary of State for European
      Affairs Dan Fried that the AK Party is no good for the American
      policies in or around Turkey. Ali Aslan, the Washington representative
      of the Zaman daily, thinks that this is the only explanation that
      could explain w<br/><br/>(Message over 64 KB, truncated)
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