Bulletin 2:16 (2008) - Special Issue: Jan-May 2008 MBHR Chronicle
- THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN
A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
Vol. 2, No. 16(21), 2008 Special Issue, 7 May 2008
"MBHR Chronicle 1 January - 1 May 2008"
By the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights
Received on 7 May 2008
1. Brown 1st of May
2. Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in January-April 2008
3. Law enforcement practice
4. Statements of high-rank officials
1. Brown 1st of May
Moscow bureau for human rights, Moscow anti-fascist center, and fund
"Holocaust" are preparing an application to the Office of general
public prosecutor of RF with the demand to provide a legal estimate
for radical nationalist action on 1st of May. The rights defenders
think that during recent four years the radicals regularly give
publicity to racist, xenophobe appeals in the streets of Moscow and
other cities, and law-enforcement bodies silently look at this
pro-fascist Sabbath. Thus, the office of public prosecutor of Moscow
sends for 3 years its formal replies to the rights defenders that it
doesn't see any law infringements in these actions. Dull silence of
the society, most of rights defenders' organizations and intellectuals
causes anxiety. It looks like everybody got accustomed to the growth
of aggressive xenophobia in the country.
The most large-scale of all the 1st-of-May actions of radical
nationalists was, as was expected, the demonstration arranged by
Movement against illegal migration (DPNI) and "Slavic union" (SS) in
Moscow. A provocative statement was placed on DPNI web-site in advance
that the visitants from Asian and Caucasian countries "have filled up
the Russian cities" and prevent "Russian labor person from living in
individual apartment, having a normal rest, having a chance to watch
over his health and giving education to his children". Leaflets with
appeals to participate in this action were stuck around the whole Moscow.
The DPNI leader A. Potkin (Belov) alleged that Moscow authorities
permitted this demonstration in exchange for the promise of
nationalists to conduct no public actions before D. Medvedev's
inauguration as the president of RF to take place on May 7.
The DPNI representatives assert that a thousand of people participated
in the action but this figure seems too high. According to the
observers' estimates there were about 200-400 demonstrators. They
included members of DPNI, Union of Orthodox gonfalon-carriers,
National-Bolshevik front, "Army of people's will".
Demonstrators who marched from All-Russian exhibition center entrance
to TV center "Ostankino" carried the flags of DPNI, "Slavic union",
posters with slogans "Freedom to political prisoners!" people
convicted or being under trial for kindling of inter-national hate and
other crimes committed based upon xenophobia, are meant here. The
nationalists scanned: "Sieg heil!" "Glory to Russia!", "Glory to
Russian people! No to Chechen monster!", "Labor, nation, order!",
"Russian authority to Russia!", "Russians, forward!", "Russia for
Russians, Moscow for Muscovites!", "Labor, May gastarbeiter, go
away!" and "Death to Asians!". At the same time A. Potkin called the
demonstration participants for raising their hands not with open palm
but with the fist to avoid identification of this gesture with Nazi
Speaking at the meeting Potkin demanded to "limit the immigration for
protecting the rights of the working people of Russia" demagogically
using frank lie that "many million Russians are unemployed as illegal
immigrants had occupied their workplaces". The speaker initiated the
scanning of slogan "No to immigration, yes to deportation!". Potkin
finished his speech with an appeal "Let's preserve Russia for Russian
Ex-deputy of the State Duma A. Savelyev had to admit that this meeting
assembled three times less people than that on May 1, 2007. He
explained this by the fact that organizers of such meetings can't come
to agreement with each other and are "involved into their black-beetle
matters but not into organizing the people". "Many small groups are
formed and each leader has his black-beetle. And then black-beetle
races, who's the quickest!", Savelyev said. He also admitted that
nationalists threaten the people away by their marginal character.
American racist Preston Wiginton spoke at the meeting as honorary
guest. According to his statement, "the whole world is looking at the
Russians as the Russians remember who they are".
Not far from TV center the anti-fascists drew the graffiti on the
viaduct columns being a splash of black flame with inscription:
"Fascism! Burn in hell!".
In St. Petersburg a meeting of radical nationalists led by "supreme
priest of all the Slavs Bogumil the Second" (Vladimir Golyakov)
assembled 50 people.
On April 30 the DPNI representatives conducted a picket in
Vladivostok, they carried posters with slogans "Peace! Labor! May!
Gastarbeiter go away!", and cried: "Raise the salary! Away with
immigration!", "No to occupation!", "Labor! Nation! Order!", "Glory to
Russia!" and recited together:
"Whoever would rule our country we will send all immigrants home!
Today - migrants, tomorrow occupants!
Siega-hoy! Saga-hoy! Immigrant, it's time to go home!
Russians don't need many-colored country any more!
This is our city! This is our country!
Russian order or war!
For happiness of Russian nation! Let's finish with immigration!".
It's reliably known for today about one collision based upon
nationality that occurred on May 1. It took place between the students
from Armenia and Azerbaijan during the Festival of friendship of the
people "Planet "South-West" conducted on the territory of Russian
university of friendship of the nations. During the performance of
amateur student ensemble from Armenia, the plastic bottles fell to the
stage from the spectators' crowd. Special militia detachment
representatives pushed the order disturbers further away from the
stage. These proved to be students from Azerbaijan and Turkey. However
in several minutes the bottles fell again but upon the Armenian
students standing in front of the stage and supporting their
compatriots. As a result of this an Armenian girl badly suffered the
bottle has struck her into her face. Reciprocal actions followed on
the part of Armenian students. But the militia employees managed to
prevent the conflict growth by dividing the adversarial parts efficiently.
2. Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in January-April 2008
During the first four months of 2008 117 attacks at least based upon
xenophobia took place in the country, and 65 perished and 124 victims
at least became their results.
Very much like before, Moscow and Moscow region (32 perished and 77
victims at least) lead by the level of criminality associated with
national and religious hate. They are followed by: St. Petersburg (16
perished and 17 victims), Sverdlovsk region (3 perished and 4
victims), Ulyanovsk region (2 perished), Voronezh (1 perished and 11
victims), Stavropol (1 perished and 2 victims), Obninsk (1 perished
and 1 victim), Togliatti, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tula (by 1 perished),
Vladivostok (9 victims), Kazan and Lipetsk (6 victims), Kaliningrad (5
victims), Nizhni Novgorod region, Nalchik (by 3 victims), Bryansk,
Tver region (by 2 victims), Penza, Ryazan, Pervouralsk, Oryol (by 1
By their ethnic origin, the victims of attacks can be divided as
follows: Kirghizez (9 perished, 5 victims), Uzbeks (9 perished, 10
victims), Tajiks (6 perished, 23 victims), Azerbaijanians (6 perished,
7 victims), Russians (5 perished, 22 victims), Kalmyks (2 perished, 3
victims at least), Armenians and Turks (by 2 perished and 1 victim),
Gypsies (2 perished), Ingushes (1 perished, 1 victim), Dagestans,
Moldavians, Chechens (by 1 victim), Chinese (6 victims), natives of
Middle East countries (6 victims), Africans (1 perished, 4 victims),
Indians (3 victims), Mongols (2 victims), Buryats, Lebanese, Ossetins,
Turkmens, Koreans, French, Swedish (by 1 victim).
The next attempt to use the "Kondopoga political technology" was
recorded. Now Uglich (Yaroslavl region) became its location on April
5 the Russian P. Dumalkin perished as a result of fight at the
discotheque participated both by Russians and natives of Azerbaijan.
The nationalists disseminated the rumors that the Caucasians are
leaving the city, that skinheads who came from other cities killed
three Caucasians, burned two of their houses, that the curfew was
introduced etc. The leader of DPNI A. Potkin was also going to come to
the city in person. It should be noted that the Uglich authorities
responded the situation quite energetically. The murderer of P.
Dumalkin was detained. On April 8 the official city newspaper
published the interview of the head of Department of Home Affairs Ye.
Dubkov who distinctly stated that the collision had exclusively common
nature and that the habit of young people to solve their conflicts
face to face using fists became its reason. Statements advertising
DPNI and similar organizations were roughly removed from the city
Internet-forum. According to some data, the special militia detachment
was brought to Uglich. It should be noted that similar conflict
already took place in Uglich in September 2006, and it was just due to
transference of supplementary forces of the Ministry of Home Affairs
that the collision was prevented.
Kondopoga reminded about itself again in connection with events in
Muravyovo village, Rzhev district of Tver region. A conflict because
of stealing a car grew into fight between Russians and Armenians
there, and about 40 people participated in it. Almost half of them
(practically all of these were Armenians) got wounds, and two people
were taken to a hospital. On April 14 one of them died. The
nationalists tried to present the collision as the one initiated by
"insolent guests from the South" and local fight instigators were
called "the people who were not afraid to protect their folks and
their native land". Leaflets were disseminated in Rzhev with appeal to
chase the Armenians away and help the Russians. Members of a group
that unleashed the fight tried to impart a character of inter-national
conflict to the matter. Passions in connection with the fight being in
fact domestic were forced also by the deputy of Tver region
legislative assembly Tatiana Komarova whose son participated in the
Local authorities responded the incident in Rzhev district roughly.
The assailants were detained and criminal proceedings were initiated.
Head of Department of Home Affairs of the Tver region Alexander
Kulikov told that a citizen having previous convictions and involved
into cars' high-jacking was the attack initiator (by the way
approximately half of assailants had previous convictions).
Several mass fights really based upon xenophobia took place.
Thus, on April 4 at Kavkazskaya station a fight took place in
connection with football match between Central sports club of the army
and "Terek", between the Moscow team fans and Chechens. At the same
time the visitants shouted the names of people being odious for
Chechens as the slogan: "Yermolov Budanov!".
On April 15 a mass fight with participation of Russian and Chinese
students took place near Vladivostok state university of economy and
service. Two Chinese and two Russians were brought to the hospital
with stab-cut wounds. Another three Chinese got light traumas.
On April 18-19 night a mass fight took place in the suburbs of Nalchik
between the fans of Moscow "Spartak" and local inhabitants, and three
fans were wounded as a result of this. According to the version of
Russian nationalists this was a non-provocated attack of Caucasians.
With the course of time however it was found out that aggressive
behavior of visitant fans was the reason for the conflict.
On April 27 a mass collision was close to start at Manezhnaya square
in Moscow. The information that Caucasian natives were planning to
assemble at the square that day in immediate vicinity of Kremlin to
dance Lezghin dance, became a reason for that. The nationalists
treated this as a challenge and announced in their turn about their
intension to come to the square too. And though the meeting of
Caucasian young people was cancelled, large militia forces were
brought to Manezhnaya square just for occasion. Law-enforcement body
employees detained several nationalists who came to the square.
3. Law enforcement practice
On April 1 the criminal case on the murder of two workmen natives of
Caucasus in Saratov in summer 2007 was passed to the Saratov regional
court. It should be noted that for unknown reasons the investigation
didn't find any manifestations of national hate in the actions of the
assailants in this case.
On April 2 in St. Petersburg an accusation of a series of extremist
attacks at foreign citizens and murders based upon national hate was
brought to a group of young people of 11 persons in number in the age
of 14-19. They are guilty of 9 crimes.
On April 7 the jury acquitted completely three of those accused on the
case of preparation of the attempt at the governor of St. Petersburg
Valentina Matviyenko. On April 14 the city court of the Northern
capital confirmed the verdict of "non guilty".
On April 9 the judgment on the case of Alexander Shcheulov started; he
is accused of attacks at ethnic minority representatives in
Belorechensk city (Krasnodar region).
On April 11 the Supreme Court of Russia upheld the acquittal on the
case of the murder of 19-year-old Artur Sardaryan in Moscow region.
On April 18 the Sovetsky district court of Kazan started examining the
cases of six members of Tatarstan branch of Russian National Unity.
On April 18 the jury acquitted the deputy head of public security
militia of Karelia Viktor Vysokikh who was accused of being unable to
prevent the massacres in Kondopoga in September 2006. The Supreme
court of Karelia approved the jury verdict. However the office of
public prosecutor of Karelia intends appealing against the verdict.
On April 23 the verdict was brought in on four skinheads who had
beaten two inhabitants of Kyshtym (Chelyabinsk region) in October
2006, and one of the victims died. The criminal being older in age was
sentenced to seven years of imprisonment and a half in the strict
regime colony. His under age co-accused were sentenced to imprisonment
of 5-6,5 years with imprisonment completion in pedagogical colonies.
On April 27 the Nizhni Tagil city court convicted two 19-year-old
local inhabitants who had beaten the militiaman-ethnic Kirghiz in June
2007. They were acknowledged guilty by clause 282 of the Criminal Code
of RF and sentenced to 4 and 6 months of imprisonment and payment of
16 thousand rubles to the victim as a compensation for moral damage.
On April 21 a hearing of the case of attack at the student from Kenia
and the citizen of Armenia started in Pervomaisky district court of
4. Statements of high-rank officials
Statements of some high-rank officials trying not just to
underestimate to scope of crimes based upon xenophobia but also to
accuse the diasporas' representatives and rights defenders of
deliberate building-up of the situation cause anxiety. Thus, on April
7 the public prosecutor of Moscow Yu. Syomin stated that as for him he
sees no splash of crimes based upon national hate. He actually accused
the rights defenders of the fact that they include all the crimes
against non-Russians into the number of those based upon xenophobia,
thus exaggerating the statistics.
Head of the Department of Home Affairs of Moscow, colonel-general of
militia Vladimir Pronin stated on April 9 that there is no
well-organized movement of skinheads in Moscow, and at the same time
attracted the attention towards the crimes committed by visitants.
The statement made on April 10 by the head of the Criminal
investigation department of the Ministry of Home Affairs of RF
Iskander Galimov at the expanded meeting of the State Duma committee
on security causes even more anxiety. He did not just refused to
acknowledge the fact of appearing of groups specialized upon murders
of non-Russians stating that such crimes are mostly committed
spontaneously but also reproduced the xenophobe stereotype that such
crimes are scanty, and that the foreigners themselves commit much more
And director of third department of CIS countries of the Ministry of
foreign affairs of Russia Maxim Peshkov accused some CIS countries
meaning mostly Kirghizia and Tajikistan of the fact that the problem
of the crimes based upon nationality, racial and religious intolerance
in Russia is pumped there on purpose, and in addition by some groups
"being under the roof of the West".