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Bulletin 7:13 (2013)

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  • Andreas Umland
    THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs Vol. 7, No. 13(201), 18 July 2013 Compilers: Fabian Burkhardt, Parikrama Gupta,
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 18 1:13 AM
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      THE RUSSIAN NATIONALISM BULLETIN
      A Biweekly Newsletter of Current Affairs
      Vol. 7, No. 13(201), 18 July 2013
      Compilers: Fabian Burkhardt, Parikrama Gupta, Vildane Oezkan & Andreas Umland

      I NEWS: 1 - 15 June 2013
      II SURVEYS, ANALYSES, COMMENTS
      III ANNOTATIONS OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS

      [NOTE: When viewing an RNB issue in the Messages archive of the homepage and the end of the text is truncated, scroll to the end of the message and click "Expand Messages." Only then, the whole text of the - otherwise truncated - issue will appear. When quoting from an article found here, please, mention the RNB, as the source. Thank you!]
      ==============================


      I NEWS: 1 - 15 June 2013

      Child adoption by homosexuals against "traditions of the people of Russia" - deputy PM
      Interfax, June 1, 2013

      MOSCOW - Russia will bring out legislation "explaining individual aspects" of the Russian ban on child adoption by gay or lesbian couples, a deputy prime minister said.
      "Work will now be done to explain individual aspects, individual legal standards. There will be a reaction [to last month's French law allowing homosexual marriages and child adoptions by same-sex couples], we must create good, reliable guarantees that this will not extend to our children. It absolutely runs against the rules, the traditions of the people of Russia," Olga Golodets told reporters.
      France became the ninth European country to permit same-gender marriages after President Francois Hollande signed the homosexual marriages and adoptions law into effect on May 18.
      Last summer, the State Duma ratified a Russian-French agreement that allows the adoption of Russian children by French nationals and vice versa but limits it to cases of parentless children for whom it has been impossible to find an adoptive family in their home country.
      "We don't recognize the same-gender family - for us it is not a family as a social institution. It absolutely contradicts all our principles. Our law courts were carefully checking this situation even before France brought out its law," Golodets said.
      "Regardless of whether the agreement with France is expended or suspended, there will be stricter practices," she said.

      http://www.interfax.com/newsinf.asp?y=2013&m=6&d=1&id=420618
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      Levada Centre decides to do without foreign funding
      HRO.org, 1 June 2013

      The Levada Centre, Russia's only independent pollster, is to cease receiving foreign funding, the head of the organization's department for development Denis Volkov said in an interview with Vedomosti. The Levada Centre took this decision after prosecutors demanded in mid-May that it should register as a 'foreign agent.' Denis Volkov explained that foreign funding had made up part of the financing for two of the Centre's projects: studying civil society and the protest movement; and also research into the moods and political preferences of Muscovites. The decision to refuse foreign funding means that both projects have been stopped. In order to gather funds for the above two projects, an electronic account will be opened at Yandex.Money. The electronic account will be registered in the name of Denis Volkov to prevent money being transferred by tax non-residents and other possible attempts to discredit the fundraising effort. The Levada Centre promises to publicly report on the receipt and use of sums via the electronic account. The approximate budget of a project consisting of two surveys is 670,000 roubles, including tax. According to Denis Volkov, two surveys are planned, each of a sample of up to 1,000 people, in June and in September. According to experts, while it should be possible to collect such a sum of money for one particular project, it is unlikely that a complete substitution of foreign grants by such a means of collecting funds could be achieved.

      http://hro.rightsinrussia.info/hro-org/foreignagents-62
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      Juveniles 'tag' mosque, place pig head on fence
      David Burghardt
      The Moscow News, June 6, 2013

      Police in the Ivanovo region have detained a group of minors who painted "insulting words" on the wall of a mosque and topped off the "artwork" by propping a pig's head on the surrounding fence, the region's investigative committee said on Monday.
      Police have not released the total number of juveniles detained or their names. The incident occurred on June 1.
      "According to investigations, [after midnight] on June 1, 2013, a group of minors painted the wall and fence with insulting words with nationalist content in green and black paint and also placed a pig's head on the fence," the committee said in a report.
      One of the individuals detained, known by his nickname "Teacher," has a previous record.
      The minors could face up to two years behind bars if found guilty.

      http://themoscownews.com/news/20130603/191571062/Juveniles-tag-mosque-place-pig-head-on-fence.html
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      Gay Rights Activist Calls For Tolerance After New Murder
      The Moscow Times, Issue 5140, June 4, 2013

      Leading gay rights activist Nikolai Alexeyev has called for more tolerance in society following the murder of a man in Kamchatka, which could have been motivated by prejudice toward his sexual orientation, a news report said.
      The body of the deputy director of Ozernoye Airport in Kamchatka region was found Sunday with signs of multiple stab-wounds in his burned-out car, Interfax reported.
      According to one line of inquiry, the man could have been killed because of his "non-traditional sexual orientation." Police have arrested three local residents in connection with the murder, Ekho Moskvy radio reported.
      Alexeyev said that "society needs to be educated," adding that unbiased discussion was needed to stop hate crimes against sexual minorities and appealing to the authorities to stop using "homophobic rhetoric" in reference to the issue.
      Speaking on behalf of the gay and lesbian community, Alexeyev voiced his opposition to the bill banning "homosexual propaganda" currently under consideration in the State Duma, a bill backed by President Vladimir Putin's allies, and promised more protests by gay activists against the bill.
      Critics say the bill would effectively ban gay rights rallies and events. Alexeyev has said it is part of a "homophobic policy" that is giving Russians carte blanche to attack gays.
      Putin has championed socially conservative values and the moral authority of the Russian Orthodox Church during his new term that began in May last year after a series of large street protests by mostly liberal Russians in big cities.
      Putin has said Russia does not discriminate against gay people but has criticized them for failing to increase the population.
      Russia plans to amend legislation to ensure foreign same-sex couples do not adopt Russian children, after Putin said last month that a French law allowing same-sex marriage went against traditional Russian values.
      The issue of attacks on people from the homosexual community will also be raised at a gay parade that the activists are hoping to stage in St. Petersburg, Alexeyev said.
      The recent murder in Kamchatka is the second such killing in the past month. On May 10, the badly mutilated body of a 23-year old man was found in Volgograd.
      One of the two local residents detained in connection with the murder said he knew the victim, while police believe that the murder may have been motivated by intolerance of the victim's sexual orientation.
      Homosexuality was decriminalized after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, but a poll by the independent Levada Center last month found that 38 percent of Russians believe gay people need treatment and 13 percent said they should face prosecution.
      Material from Reuters has been included in this report.

      http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/gay-rights-activist-calls-for-tolerance-after-new-murder/480970.html
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      Western countries will degrade in fifty years at the most if they don't condemn same-sex unions - Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin
      Interfax-Religion, June 5, 2013

      Moscow - Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, the head of the Synodal Department for Church and Society Relations, believes legalization of same-sex "marriage" will eventually lead to the demise of modern Western civilization, which may happen in the next fifty years.
      "The main thing in life and international relations is not economics, not politics, but whether or not a specific group adheres to eternal moral norms or tries to contest them. It is known that many Western countries do not back the recognition of this extreme immorality as the norm, which means that calling a black thing white doesn't work, and that means Russia has an excellent chance of telling the whole world that same-sex "marriages" and attempts to legalize incest and pedophilia are death and suicide," Father Vsevolod told Interfax-Religion, responding to the words said by Russian President Vladimir Putin after the EU-Russia summit on his readiness to sign a law banning the adoption of Russian children by same-sex "families".
      The priest believes Russia, "which has always wanted and been able to lead the world," can now tell the West it is capable of "reviving" the West and "make Europe Christian again, that is, go back to the ideals that once made Europe."
      "Without them, Russia and Europe will not exist. Western civilization will not exist another fifty years without them. It's up to you, dear friends, to decide, you can't avoid making this choice," he said.
      Fr. Vsevolod believes the wish of Russian parliamentarians, which has now been backed by the president, to prevent the adoption of Russian children by foreign same-sex couples, is "elementary manifestation of common sense."
      Foreign adoption in a country that is going through a demographic crisis is "something deeply abnormal, immoral, and unnatural," he said. "Speaking about adoption by couples of perverts, reliable scientific data indicate that children raised by such couples get moral deviations much more frequently than do children raised by straight parents or even one parent," the priest said.
      Considering that this step "is very clear to any normal person," Fr. Vsevolod, however, said that denial of adoption to same-sex couples is "only half of the way we are destined to go as a country, as a civilization."
      "We should generally build relations with specific groups of elites and social groups based on their attitude to Christian or at least universal human morals, whose norms remain unchanged because God who gave them is unchanged," he said.

      http://www.interfax-religion.com/?act=news&div=10522
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      Most Russians want propaganda of homosexuality to be banned - poll
      Interfax-Religion, June 11, 2013

      Moscow - Russians have become more intolerable to homosexuality over the past few years, and the share of opponents of same-sex marriages has grown, the VTsIOM pollster has reported.
      Eighty-eight percent of Russian citizens welcome the proposed ban on the propaganda of homosexuality, compared to 86% in 2012, and only 7% support it.

      "A relative majority of respondents (42%) said homosexual relations must carry criminal liability, compared to 19% in 2007. Twenty-five percent said homosexuality must be publicly scorned (compared to 18% in 2007), 15% proposed imposing fines on homosexuals (compared to 12% in 2007) and 15% said it is an individual's private affair (compared to 34% in 2007)," VTsIOM said in a press release, received by Interfax on Tuesday.
      The poll was conducted in 134 localities in 42 regions among 1,600 respondents on June 8 and 9.
      Most Russians have a negative attitude to homosexuality: 54% said it must be banned and even prosecuted, 33% proposed curbing it (compared to 21% in 2007) and only 9% said it should be neither banned, nor curbed.
      The percentage of opponents of same-sex marriages increased from 59% in 2005 to 86% in 2013, the share of those who think same-sex couples have the right to officially marry dropped from 14% to 4%, and that of those who partially agree and partially disagree with this dropped from 17% to 6%.
      The Russian State Duma is debating a bill banning the propaganda of homosexuality among minors in its third and second readings on Tuesday

      http://www.interfax-religion.com/?act=news&div=10542
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      Law on 'Homosexual Propaganda' Set for Duma Approval
      The Moscow Times, Issue 5145, June 11, 2013

      The controversial legislation banning "homosexual propaganda" is expected to be passed by the State Duma amid protests from gay-rights activists.
      The legislation will ban the distribution of any information that could attract the attention of children toward gay topics, while an amendment introducing a system of fines for offenders has already been approved, RIA-Novosti reported.
      Citizens found guilty of distributing propaganda to children regarding gay issues can be fined up to 5,000 rubles ($154). If the offender uses the internet or mass media the fine could reach 100,00 rubles.
      Legal entities will have to pay up to 1 million rubles ($30,000) or suspend their activities for 90 days if they are in breach of the legislation.
      State Duma Deputy Yelena Mizulina told Channel 5 that the legislation will also target foreign citizens who could be deported after serving 15 days administrative arrest. They will also be subject to the same financial penalties.
      Over the last year the number of Russians supporting the ban on "homosexual propaganda" increased from 86 to 88 percent, according to a poll conducted by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center, Interfax reported.
      Of the 1,600 people in 42 regions who took part in the survey only 7 percent said they were against the ban.
      Meanwhile, about 20 protesters have been detained by police for taking part in an "unsanctioned rally" outside the Duma building, Interfax reported.
      Lawmakers are divided on the legislation as Vladimir Zhirinovsky, leader of nationalist LDPR party, said Monday that it "brings too much attention" to the issue. However, he said that his party would support it anyway to "end talks" on the subject.
      Russia's human rights ombudsman Vladimir Lukin warned that enforcement of the new laws could create serious problems, saying that "rigid and unwise enforcement can lead to loss of life and human tragedies."

      http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/law-on-homosexual-propaganda-set-for-duma-approval/481494.html
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      A 'dark day' for freedom of expression in Russia
      Amnesty.org, 11 June 2013

      The space for free expression in Russia shrank further today after the State Duma in Moscow passed two new bills aimed at stamping out minority views, Amnesty International said. Within hours of each other, the country's lower house of Parliament passed bills to criminalize blasphemy and outlaw activism by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) individuals and their supporters. The measures are expected to be approved in the near future by the upper house of Parliament and signed into law by President Vladimir Putin. "In the space of mere hours, the Duma succeeded in adopting two pieces of legislation that testify to the shrinking space for freedom of expression in Russia. They represent a sorry attempt by the government to bolster its popularity by pandering to the most reactionary elements of Russian society - at the expense of fundamental rights and the expression of individual identities," said John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director at Amnesty International. "These laws have no place on the statute books of modern, rights-respecting democracy. The bigger question right now is whether the current government has any interest in Russia becoming one." The first bill aims to amend the article in Russia's Criminal Code on "obstruction of the right to freedom of conscience and religion". It envisages a fine of up to RUB 500,000 (over USD 15,000) and up to three years of imprisonment for "public actions expressing manifest disrespect for society and committed to insult the religious feelings of believers" if these actions take place in committed in places of worship. If committed elsewhere, the offence carries up to a year of imprisonment and fine of up to RUB 300,000. This legislative assault on comes in the aftermath of last year's trial and conviction of three members of the all-female Russian punk group Pussy Riot for "hooliganism on grounds of religious hatred" after they sang a protest song in Moscow's main Orthodox cathedral. The second bill approved by the Duma today would slap extortionate fines on those accused of promoting "propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations" among children. This includes penalties of up to RUB 5,000 (US$150) for individuals, up to ten times that for officials, and up to RUB 1,000,000 (over US$30,000) as well as possible three-month suspension of activities for organizations. Ahead of the vote, some two dozen Russian lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) activists engaged in a "kissing protest" outside the Duma. According to media reports, at least 20 were detained by police after being subjected to violence by homophobic counter-protesters. Amnesty International has noted how the Russian authorities have been escalating their assault on freedom of expression in recent months. "These bills reflect the Russian authorities' determination to dictate what people can and cannot say in all areas of life, from the political to the social. They are a backward step that should set alarm bells ringing," said Dalhuisen.

      http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/russia-dark-day-freedom-expression-2013-06-11
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      Russia's human rights ombudsman warns against consequences of bill banning 'gay propaganda'
      Johnson's Russia List, 11 June 2013

      (Interfax - June 11, 2013) Russian human rights commissioner Vladimir Lukin said that he feared "unwise" application of a bill banning propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations, which the Russian State Duma could pass in the the second and third readings on Tuesday. "The main issue will be the administration of the law. Cruel and unwise administration could lead to human casualties and human tragedies," Lukin told Interfax on Tuesday. "People, who draft and try to promote such bills, probably guess but ignore the fact that creating a halo of victimhood is one of the most efficient forms of advertisement." "The term homosexuality [used in the first reading of the relevant bill] will not be used, we will use the term non-traditional sexual relations," head of the State Duma's committee on family, women's and children's affairs, Yelena Mizulina, told reporters. Meanwhile, the Human Rights Watch international organization (HRW) warns the Russian authorities against passing a bill which virtually bans releasing information related to non-traditional sexual relations. "Russia is trying very hard to make discrimination look respectable by calling it 'tradition,' but whatever term is used in the bill, it remains discrimination and a violation of the basic human rights of LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual] people," Graeme Reid, LGBT rights program director at Human Rights Watch, was quoted as saying. "To try to exclude LGBT people as 'non-traditional' is to try and make them less than human. It is cynical, and it is dangerous," Reid said.

      http://russialist.org/russias-human-rights-ombudsman-warns-against-consequences-of-bill-banning-gay-propaganda/
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      Anti-Gay Propaganda Bill Passed in 436-0 Vote
      Jonathan Earle
      The Moscow Times, Issue 5146, June 12, 2013

      The State Duma has unanimously passed a bill introducing stiff fines for portraying homosexuality in a positive light to children, a move LGBT activists called a major blow to gay rights in Russia and especially the country's gay teens, who are particularly vulnerable to harassment.
      The bill, passed in a 436-0 vote on Tuesday, would make propagandizing "non-traditional" sexual relations, widely understood as shorthand for "homosexual relations," among under 18-year-olds punishable by a fine of up to 100,000 rubles ($3,100) for citizens and 1 million rubles for organizations. Foreign citizens would face fines and deportation.
      It would ban presenting minors with information designed to turn them gay, make homosexuality seem attractive, promote the "distorted perception" that traditional and non-traditional sexual relations are equal, or force them to become interested in such relations, according to the bill's text.
      LGBT activists fear that it will inspire hostility and muzzle rights groups and advocates.
      Olga Lenkova, an activist with Vykhod, a gay rights group in St. Petersburg, said a similar measure introduced in her city last February prompted potential partner organizations, including those that would ordinarily host seminars and discussions, to shy away from working with the group for fear that they could be fined.
      In addition, Lenkova said, the legislation's passing was followed by a rise in anti-gay violence and aggression, committed by ultra-nationalists and religious extremists who saw the law as justifying their actions.
      In what seemed like a grim preview, hundreds of anti-gay activists pelted a handful of pro-gay demonstrators with eggs and poured urine on them during a protest outside the State Duma on Tuesday while police looked on, blogger Ilya Varlamov wrote. At least one picketer was beaten up.
      Gay teens, many of whom face debilitating hostility at home and at school, look likely to be the hardest hit by the legislation, because the ban will probably make it harder to find objective information that could help them come to terms with their sexuality and find support.
      "An LGBT teenager who is cut off from information is a teenager who's left without support," Lenkova said by telephone on Wednesday.
      Support is critical, given that over 80 percent of gay teens report being bullied, and 30 percent say they've considered suicide, said Lena Klimova, creator of Deti-404, an online community that supports LGBT teens, referring to the results of a poll she conducted.
      "Yesterday, a 15-year-old girl wrote to me, 'Lena, they've passed the law. Will I really be banned from talking to you, because we'd certainly be breaking the law?' I would have burst out laughing, but it's not funny. It's horrible," Klimova, 25, wrote in an e-mail message on Wednesday.
      The measure has also received criticism from abroad.
      German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday called on President Vladimir Putin to veto the bill, which must first be approved by the Federation Council before it arrives at his desk, out of concerns that it would lead to discrimination. Merkel also said through a spokesman that the bill contradicted the spirit of the European Convention on Human Rights, Itar-Tass reported.

      http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/anti-gay-propaganda-bill-passed-in-436-0-vote/481564.html
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      Germany 'very worried' by Russian law on gay 'propaganda'
      Reuters, Jun 12, 2013

      Germany has condemned a new Russian law banning homosexual "propaganda", with Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle - himself gay - saying on Wednesday that attempts to stigmatize same-sex relationships had no place in a democracy. The strong words from Berlin reflect growing unease with Moscow's record on human rights and Chancellor Angela Merkel's willingness to openly criticize it, despite Russia's vital importance as an energy exporter. Critics say the new bill, which bans the spreading of "propaganda for non-traditional sexual relations" to minors and sets fines, will in effect ban gay rights rallies and could be used to prosecute anyone actively supporting them. "Foreign Minister Westerwelle is very worried about this law," his ministry said in a statement. "The deliberate stigmatization of same sex relations and the threat of prosecution has no place in a society which claims to be modern and democratic." Foreigners found to have broken the new law can be deported from Russia, in addition to being fined up to 100,000 roubles or held for up to 15 days. Merkel's spokesman said the law contradicted the spirit of Russia's obligations under human rights conventions. The chancellor expressed her concern about domestic developments in Russia to Vladimir Putin as recently as April, when they met in the German city of Hanover, including the way the state treats homosexuals, Merkel's spokesman said. "We are not giving up hope that the Russian government and Duma will revoke this measure. In any case, Germany will keep this issue on the agenda," he added. The bill, passed by the lower house on Tuesday, still needs the approval of the upper house and Putin's signature. Putin has championed socially conservative values since the start of a new term last year and embraced the Russian Orthodox Church as a moral authority. Some rights groups worry that anti-gay crime in Russia is becoming a bigger problem. Putin, who was greeted at a German trade fair by a topless protest by the women's rights group Femen, said on that occasion that he did not discriminate against gay people. (Reporting by Madeline Chambers and Alexandra Hudson; Editing by Stephen Brown and Robin Pomeroy)

      http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/12/us-germany-russia-gay-idUSBRE95B0UA20130612
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      Sobyanin Calls for Tougher Laws Against Illegal Migrants
      The Moscow Times, Issue 5146, June 13, 2013

      RIA Novosti - Acting Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin has called for tougher measures against illegal migrants.
      "The municipal authorities are not entitled to punish, deport or arrest" illegal migrants, Sobyanin said of current legislation in an interview with Izvestia. "This is the prerogative of the federal center. But we are pushing our colleagues toward tougher measures which correspond to the problem's urgency," he added.
      "The city currently has about 300,000 illegal migrants. If we take away crimes committed by visitors, Moscow will become the most law-abiding city in the world," he said.
      He praised the federal authorities' decision to ban those migrants who fail to properly register from entering the country again.
      President Vladimir Putin on Monday instructed law enforcement officials to focus on ethnically aligned criminal groups and illegal migration.
      Russia depends heavily on migrant laborers, mostly from former Soviet republics in Central Asia and the Caucasus, but public opinion about their effects on crime rates and employment opportunities has gotten more negative over the past decade.
      The comments by Putin are the latest in a series of remarks by senior Russian officials highlighting the risks of under-regulated migration, and drawing a link between migration and extremism.
      A deputy head of the Federal Security Service, Alexander Roshchupkin, warned on May 30 that illegal migration poses a national security threat as a channel for militants and foreign intelligence agents. On the same day, Mayor Sobyanin said migrant workers should not be encouraged to settle down in the capital.
      About 60 percent of Russia's 5 million migrant workers are in the country illegally, the Federal Migration Service said in March.
      Putin also called on Monday for the development of a "civilized migration policy.""We are ready to attract qualified foreign specialists," he said. "But these people should be adapted to life in Russia, should know the Russian language, the history of our country, the basics of our laws, and respect our traditions."
      Ethnic tensions in Russia occasionally spill over into violence. In December 2010, a rally involving thousands of nationalists outside the Kremlin ended in mass detentions and several deaths; they had been protesting the release from police custody of a young man from the North Caucasus - a part of Russia - suspected of killing a soccer fan.
      Sobyanin announced last week that he would resign as mayor but days later said he would run for re-election in a snap election, which is now scheduled for Sept. 8. Critics said he would have an unfair advantage in the race since other candidates would have very little time to campaign.
      The nationalist Liberal Democratic Party's candidate for mayor of Moscow, Vladimir Ovsyannikov, said the Russian capital must rid itself of foreign migrants within three years to give more jobs to Russian residents.
      Most foreign migrant workers in Moscow are from former Soviet republics in Central Asia and are allowed to enter the country without a visa.
      Russia has the world's largest number of illegal migrants, accounting for almost 7 percent of the country's working population, according to a 2012 report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

      http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/sobyanin-calls-for-tougher-laws-against-illegal-migrants/481568.html
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      Putin Hopes Move of Jewish Religious Archives Resolves Dispute
      UCSJ, June 14, 2013

      RIA Novosti - Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed hope on Thursday that moving the disputed collection of Jewish religious texts to the newly built Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center in Moscow puts the issue to rest.
      A complex legal dispute over the so-called Schneerson Library has turned into a full-scale diplomatic feud between the United States and Russia since a US court ruled that Russia must return about 12,000 books and 50,000 manuscripts from the collection to an Orthodox Jewish community in New York.
      Putin in February suggested moving the Jewish archive from Moscow's Lenin Library to the new museum.
      "I hope that the transfer of the Schneerson collection, which undoubtedly is of great interest and value for the Jewish people and not just for Russian Jews in particular but also for Jewish believers residing in other parts of the world, will resolve this issue finally," Putin said during a visit to the Jewish center.
      Russia's chief rabbi, Berel Lazar, who accompanied Putin during the visit, praised the Russian president's decision as "a heroic deed," calling it "a Solomon decision."
      About 500 digitized copies of manuscripts from the Schneerson Library were handed over to the Jewish museum on Thursday. They will be accessible online.
      According to Viktor Vekselberg, head of the Jewish center's board of trustees, the rest of the digitized Jewish books will be transferred to the museum by the end of the year.
      The Schneerson Library is a collection of books and religious documents assembled by the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement over two centuries prior to World War II in Belarus. It is one of the main Jewish religious relics.
      Part of the collection amassed by Lubavitcher Rebbe Yosef Yitzchok Schneerson was nationalized by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Later, about 25,000 pages of manuscripts fell into the hands of the Nazis, and were later seized by the Red Army and handed over to the Russian State Military Archive. This part of the Schneerson Library is now kept in the archive of Lenin's Library in Moscow.
      The other part was taken out of the Soviet Union by Schneerson, who emigrated in the 1930s.
      Since 1991, the year of Schneerson's death, leaders of the Brooklyn-based Orthodox Jewish movement have been trying to regain possession of the library, saying it was illegally held by the Soviet authorities after the war.
      In 1991, a court in Moscow agreed to turn over the library to Chabad. After the Soviet Union collapsed, the ruling was ignored. The Russian government now says it wants to keep the archive for future scholars.
      In 2010, a court in Washington confirmed the American Jewish community's right to the library, but Russia called the court's decision illegitimate. In late 2011, a US court ruled that Russia must return about 12,000 books and 50,000 manuscripts from the library.
      Russia, which considers the collection as part of the country's heritage, has refused to hand over the collection despite a $50,000 per-day fine imposed by the court.

      http://www.ucsj.org/2013/06/14/putin-hopes-move-of-jewish-religious-archives-resolves-dispute/
      ==============================


      II SURVEYS, ANALYSES, COMMENTS

      Gabor Vona had a lecture at Lomonosov University
      Jobbik, 24 May 2013

      Last week Gabor Vona visited Moscow on an invitation. He was invited by a professor of Lomonosov University, Prof. Alexandr Dugin, to present a lecture on the topic of "Russia and Europe".
      Prof. Dugin is the former geopolitical advisor of President Putin and now he advises the Speaker of the Duma, the Russian Parliament. Gabor Vona met several leading politicians and had negotiations with them about the important issues of Hungarian-Russian relations. He met Ivan Dmitriyevich Grachov, the president of the Russian Parliament's energy policy committee and Vasiliy Tarasyuk, the vice-president of the same committee, who is also the vice-president of the Russian-Hungarian friendship group. He also spoke with Leonid Ivanovich Kalashnikov, the vice-president of the foreign affairs committee; two government MPs Yevgeniy Fedorov and Anton Vasilyevich Romanov as well as Alexei Anatolyevich Starikov, the vice-president of the Russian gas-industry association.
      America: Europe's deformed offspring
      The main topics of the discussions were the economic relations of the two countries, the potential Hungarian export and the crisis of the Union - Gabor Vona states in his post. After these meetings he held his presentation at the sociology department of Lomonosov University. The lecture was attended by approximately fifty students and teachers.
      In his lecture, he referred to America as the deformed offspring of Europe and the EU as the traitor of our continent. In his view, Russia represents Europe much better than either of the two above, as it preserves its traditions and does not follow the culture of money and the masses. He said that the US could survive by looting and exploiting North America, and this life without traditions and culture was spread to Europe. In his view, Europe has become the servant and a sort of member state of the US, and their economies are so intertwined that a US bankruptcy would bring down Europe as well.
      Gabor Vona warned in his lecture that many believed deep integration to be the only solution for the crisis but it would mean that the countries would lose their independence. Regarding the connection between the two entities, the party president said that the modern age saw a sick Europe invading the New World to alleviate its own problems, while now it is a sick America invading Europe to alleviate its own crisis.
      There is no Europe without values and national thinking
      The president says that countries must not give up their own history and national values, this is the only way to think in Europe. In Gabor Vona's view, Russia's role would be to counterbalance Americanisation. He said that the EU's promises were nothing but lies, we were not given more freedom, instead, they took our markets and factories, while store shelves were filled with cast-off Western products.
      According to Vona, Hungary must decide within a few years whether to stay with the EU, join a forming Eurasian Union or try to remain independent. One thing is certain - added the party president -, the first path is not an option for us, we have no future there. Instead, we must give way to transcendent values and quit the matrix of global capitalism.
      Russia sees through Western media
      The party president writes that he received a lot of questions from the audience and another invitation from the organisers. Gabor Vona also says that his Moscow visit is a major breakthrough as it became clear that Russian leaders consider Jobbik as a partner. They said that they were following the media coverage about the party, but they did not consider it relevant for understanding it since they knew how the media operates. They aim to maintain good relations with all parties that enjoy the trust of the Hungarian people so they pay close attention to the rise of Jobbik as well - writes Gabor Vona.
      He states that they focus on the foreign policy of the given party, and they do not want to interfere with our domestic policy. "One more step forward..." - concludes the post by the president of Jobbik.

      http://www.jobbik.com/g%C3%A1bor_vona_had_lecture_lomonosov_university_russia
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      Alexander Dugin in Paris
      Report by Venator for Open Revolt
      The Fourth Political Theory, n.d.

      Alexander Dugin was in Paris on the 25th of may 2013 for a joint conference with Alain de Besnoist, of GRECE, Krisis and Nouvelle Ecole fame and Laurent James, a controversial writer and artist who deals with esotericism and metaphysical Revolution.
      The conference was held in the historical center of Paris, place Saint-Germain-des-Pres, in the "Salle Lumiere" wich translates as the "Room of Light" - there are no coincidences. It took place four days after the ritual suicide of Dominique Venner in the cathedrale of Notre Dame on the 21st of may, thus asserting itself as the first metaphysical and geopolitical conference of a new aeon. The day after, on the 26th, the massive anti-gay marriage demonstrations escalated into violence all night long, protesting the postmodern liberal "coup" of the despised pseudo-socialist government who had just passed the law in a quasi totalitarian fashion, ignoring the millions of people on the street and the growing anger of the population against the state of the country. Some said this was an anti-May 68, or a conservative revolution taking the streets ; whatever will come out of it nobody knows, but it could be the starting point of mass disillusion with the system and its globalist-deconstructivist agenda.
      The presence of Alexander Dugin was thus perfectly timed, and indeed the conference a success, as the room was full with about 300 people eager to listen to the voice of the Russian theoretician. Many radical organisations were there. The magazine Elements and people of the GRECE, of course, people from Egalite & Reconciliation, MAS (Mouvement d'Action Sociale), Meridien Zero, Rebellion, as well as the Centre Zahra (a Shiite organisation).
      The thematic of the conference was Eurasianism, in its political, geopolitical and spiritual form. Alain de Benoist was the first speaker and made a brilliant talk about the current world situation : the hegemony of the American empire since the fall of the soviet system, it's will to impose the capitalist and western values as the sole future for humanity, it's globalist and universalist strategy through the instrumentalisation of the ideology of "human rights". He designed this universalist western vision as Unipolarism : imposition on the whole world of the capitalist market and the western "modern culture" as the sole way ahead, considering anything else as "reactionary", "archaic" and thus an "enemy of progress", to be in time eradicted or absorbed, this imperialistic process being the anthropological truth behind the discourse of globalism. He then explained how capitalism had become purely financial and why the actual crisis could be it's faustian downfall, thus bringing a halt to the globalist system and enabling other poles to emerge, poles who would wish to keep their own values and their own differentiated cultures and civilisations alive, thus opening an era of Multipolarism.
      Laurent James then spoke, explaining that Eurasianism was also a form of art like the one that Malevitch and the NSK practiced, a radical form of spiritual art beyond the fallacies of rotting and putrefied postmodernism. D'Annunzio's total poetic adventure in Fiume was also referred to as examplary. Roger Gilbert-Lecomte's "Grand Jeu", absolute poetry and absolute metaphysical revolution under the patronage of Rimbaud, was also a major reference. James then talked of Jean Parvulesco, the great mystical and esoteric writer, as being the typical "Eurasian artist". On a spiritual level, Eurasianism promotes the religion of the most profound roots but understood not in a reactionary way, rather a dynamic and revolutionary one. Transcending the modern age both ways (past and future), it must go as far back as it can to build as far ahead as possible, that is to bring on the Apocalyspe (the Revelation) that will see the establishement of the Great-Europe and the Empire of the End (Parvulesco).
      Finally, Alexander Dugin exposed his idea of Eurasianism, which is not solely the idea of a differentiated eurasian civilisation but a whole new ideology which can be understood as the only coherent enemy of globalism and atlanticism. Dugin then exposed the geopolitical tenets of Eurasianism, which are to be found in Mackinder (Eurasia as Heartland, opposed to the Thalassocracies (England, U.S.A)) and Carl Schmitt (the ontological opposition of Land and Sea), and compared the struggle between the two opposing forces to the one that set ablaze Rome and Carthage during the Antiquity. Land and Sea are still today's fundamental Weltanschauung and Eurasianism is the philosophy of Land, of Tradition, of Hierarchy and of Difference (Quality), against the dissolving forces of the Sea, embracing Modernity, abstract Equality, Quantity and Universalism. Furthermore, Eurasianism is also a philosophy of Space in that it promotes multiple Great Spaces unified by their distinct Civilizational traits, as was theorised once again by Carl Schmitt, under the German vocable "Gro�raum", against the Unipolar "Western" hegemony that would see the world become unified under it's "modern" values and (postmodern and capitalist) culture. Finally, Dugin exposed his idea of Fourth Political Theory, the political theory that must come to fight and overthrow the only force and theory still standing, Western liberalism, which defeated the two other political theories during the XX th century : Communism and Fascism. The fourth political theory is not a dogmatic ideology but a proposition to fight for our souls, for our Dasein, in the words of Heidegger, against the abstraction of the dissolving "modern individual" in the postmodern era, ��- Dugin concluded.

      http://www.4pt.su/en/content/alexander-dugin-paris#sthash.frEOyUsg.dpuf
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      Russia suggests it will now sell 'offensive' weapons to Syria: Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that, due to the EU's decision to permit arms sales to rebels, the Kremlin may 'revise' its vow not to sell the Syrian government 'offensive' weapons.
      By Fred Weir
      Christian Science Monitor, May 30, 2013

      Russia is ready to pull out the stops and possibly start supplying offensive weaponry to the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria, in response to the European Union's decision to drop its own embargo on providing arms to Syria's rebels, Russia's Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu told journalists Wednesday.
      And Mr. Assad himself made the surprise announcement, on a Lebanese TV station, that Syria has already received its first shipment of the "game-changing" S-300 air defense systems that could seriously complicate any effort by the US or Israel to intervene, Libya-style, in Syria using air power.
      Experts say the claims, if true, promise a much deadlier and far more complex future for the more than two-year-old Syrian civil war, which has already killed more than 80,000 people by United Nations estimates.
      But the main casualty in the short run, they say, will probably be the planned peace conference, sponsored by the US and Russia, that was intended to bring the Assad regime and its opponents to a Geneva bargaining table sometime in June.
      "Prospects for the international peace conference were dim to begin with, but now they're turning distinctly dark," says Alexander Konovalov, president of the independent Institute for Stategic Assessments in Moscow.
      "The EU took the first step, by lapsing their arms embargo on Syria. They didn't even wait for the conference to take place, which suggests that they did it deliberately. That's certainly how it was taken in Moscow, where it caused great irritation. Now, after these steps, it's hard to see how anyone can go back."
      Mr. Shoigu said that Moscow had until now been restraining itself from sending "offensive" weapons to Syria, such as tactical missiles, combat jets, and armor. But that choice may have to be "revised."
      "Every decision has two sides. If one side lifts restrictions, the other may consider itself free from observing earlier commitments," Shoigu told a press conference in Helsinki, Finland, on Wednesday.
      When the civil war broke out in Syria, Russia had more than $5 billion worth of arms contracts in the pipeline to its oldest Middle Eastern client. Russian officials have repeatedly argued that they have since moved to fulfill only those orders that were for "defensive" arms.
      Syrian interest in "offensive" weapons was put on hold by the Kremlin for the duration of the conflict, according to the official RIA-Novosti news agency.
      Russian experts say the suspended deals include $550 million contract to purchase 36 Yak-130 combat jet trainers, a Syrian order for up to 100 Iskander-E tactical ballistic missiles, as well as smaller items on the Syrian wishlist such as tanks and other armored vehicles.
      There has even been some doubt about Moscow's determination to go ahead with sales of sophisticated "defensive" weaponry, such as the S-300 system, which is capable of shooting down fast-moving aircraft or missiles at 125 miles distance and up to 20 miles altitude.
      But earlier this week, Russian officials responded to the EU move by insisting it will go ahead with S-300 deliveries, though an official spokesperson declined to say what stage the deal was at.
      Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tried, and apparently failed, to convince Russian President Vladimir Putin to cancel the S-300 deal at a meeting in Sochi earlier this month.
      After Moscow made clear this week that it will go ahead with the S-300 deliveries, Israel threatened to destroy the shipments before they reached the Syrian armed forces.
      Assad's claim Wednesday that Syria already has some S-300's may force Israel and the West to revise their calculations, some Russian experts say.
      "Moscow's message to Israel and the West with these S-300 deliveries is that any attempt to repeat the Libyan scenario, by throwing Western air power behind the rebel campaign, will not be easy," says Georgy Mirsky, a leading researcher at the official Institute of World Economy and International Relations in Moscow.
      "Talk of imposing 'no-fly zones' in Syria will have to reckon with these powerful defensive S-300 complexes, which can cover a wide territory and thus alter many strategic perspectives," he adds.
      Some experts say that even if S-300s are already in Syria, they are probably not yet operational.
      "Components of the S-300 could already be there, but it's doubtful that they're combat ready," says Mr. Konovalov. "This is a sophisticated weapons system that is not easy to assemble, deploy, or operate. It is my understanding that the Syrians would require Russian assistance to make these missiles ready for action, and we haven't heard about any green light for that."

      http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2013/0530/Russia-suggests-it-will-now-sell-offensive-weapons-to-Syria
      -------------------------

      Russian Expert Foresees the North Caucasus as an Untenable Colonial Domain
      By: Valery Dzutsev
      North Caucasus Weekly, June 3, 2013

      On May 29, the respected Russian newspaper Vedomosti published an analytical article on the situation in the North Caucasus. Expressing a view rarely articulated by Russian experts, he described the processes in the region as "the continuation of the disintegration of the USSR" and "anticolonial." The author of the analysis, Denis Sokolov, the head of the Center for Socio-Economic Research of Regions, considers several dimensions of the diverging paths of what he calls the "conditionally Russians" and the "conditionally non-Russians." The expert vividly portrays the competition of the Russian empire with the growing national consciousness of the North Caucasians. "Conditional Russians continue to live in the dead USSR, which is connected to a respirator under the names 'Rosneft' and 'Gazprom,' propped up by state rituals and the security services. Conditional non-Russians regard the disintegrating empire as the source of resources and pursue their private and group interests," Sokolov writes. He observed that nationalist rhetoric only disguises a "civilizational divide" between ethnic Russians and the Caucasians. Russians complain that Russian taxpayers "feed the non-Russians all their lives," and they portray the non-Russians as "uncivilized." The non-Russians respond with stories from the past about how the Russian and Soviet empires were destroying their lives and their livelihoods. In the expert's words: "This anticolonial rhetoric firmly ties the process of the dismantling of the USSR as a totalitarian state with the process of the destruction of the empire, creating images of enemies and mobilizing ethnic and religious groups" (http://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/12528091/postkolhoznoe_obschestvo#ixzz2UzfScQHs). Major Russian media outlets normally avoid describing the North Caucasus explicitly as Russia's colonial domain. Russian authors usually regard the region as Russia's frontier, which is vital for the country's survival even though it is burdensome to sustain materially and hard to govern. Vedomosti's bold take on the North Caucasian realities apparently reflects a more realistic view of the region's transformation, as it further de-Sovietizes and market and demographic processes become more evident. As the Russian state retreats from spheres in which it can no longer hold ground, the North Caucasians appear to be better suited to fill in the vacuum. "The natives of the [North] Caucasian republics are used to making do without the state's care and official salaries; they are prepared to pay for official services, they are ready to live in poor living conditions and do not aspire to a share in the resources of the Soviet legacy" (http://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/12528091/postkolhoznoe_obschestvo#ixzz2UzfScQHs). Territorial losses and gains comprise an important dimension of the conflict between the ethnic Russians, who hold onto the dead Soviet Union or, in other words, put their faith in an omnipotent, paternalistic state, and the North Caucasians, who rely on the grassroots organization mechanism that is the network of jamaats. According to Alexander Panin, a geographer from Stavropol University, the border between the "Russians" and "non-Russians" is moving in the North Caucasus from the southeast to the northwest at an average speed of 10 kilometers per year. The southeast is represented by Dagestan and the northwest stands for Stavropol region. Russian agrarian holdings have started buying up the region's lands, but they mainly target ethnic Russian farmers who, unlike the North Caucasians, do not have the supporting network of their ethnic kin. So big Russian companies reportedly are further contributing to the worsening lot of ordinary Russians in the area (http://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/news/12528091/postkolhoznoe_obschestvo#ixzz2UzfScQHs). Meanwhile, in May, the government of Stavropol region created a special position of the minister for the socio-economic development of the eastern districts. Quite tellingly, the former leader of the Russian nationalist organization Congress of Russian Communities, 60-year-old Alexander Korobeinikov, was appointed to the post. In 2011, the regional government adopted a grandiose program for developing enormous industrial zones and establishing special economic territories that would attract private investors to the eastern districts of Stavropol region. The program predictably did not work, as the authorities tried to turn an ostensibly agrarian area into an industrial zone with little consideration for market forces and shrinking government resources. As the government's economic development plans failed, the next step was to resettle the so-called Semirechensk Cossacks from the border area between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the eastern districts of Stavropol region. In April, the first 18 individuals arrived in Stavropol, but most of them turned around and left within days as there was no housing, work or even registration available for them (http://kavpolit.com/posemu-begut-russkie/). Strikingly, ethnic Russians who immigrated to the Russian Federation from a foreign country and lack Russian citizenship appear to be much more welcome in Stavropol region than ethnic North Caucasians who formally are Russian citizens. Although the economic development of the eastern areas of Stavropol region is regarded as a panacea for reclaiming this territory for ethnic Russians and the Russian state, it is unclear how the authorities plan to prevent the North Caucasians from reaping the benefits of developing this territory economically. The logic of this struggle is to thwart the encroachment of ethnic non-Russians who are still Russian citizens on what is considered to be purely ethnic Russian land. This is virtually impossible without establishing greater border barriers and further alienating the North Caucasus from the rest of Russia. Russian experts appear to be increasingly inclined to realize that the conflict between the North Caucasians and Russians is so deeply ingrained that it cannot be solved without completely splitting the two sides into separate states.

      http://www.jamestown.org/programs/nc/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=40978&cHash=6a3ef37eacf78dea6770cdec945e8b85
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      Tatars Can and Must Make a National Revolution, Kazan Editor Says
      By Paul Goble
      Window on Eurasia, June 4 2013

      Lenin famously observed a century ago that with an organization of revolutionaries, he could overturn Russia. Now, Rashit Akhmetov, editor of Kazan's "Zvezda Povolzhya" argues, the Tatars of the Middle Volga must form an organization capable of transforming themselves and their relationship with the Russian Federation.
      In what some will view as an act of despair and others as an indication of overweening optimism, Akhmetov argues that in this century, "the Tatars have only one civilized path of development and of movement toward the construction of a genuine, free, independent and democratic state, the political self-organization of the people." "No one will give the Tatars liberation," the editor suggests; the Tatars can achieve that only by their own actions. And they will be judged by future generations on the basis of what the Tatars do in the current situation, one that he suggests represents a clear test of "their political maturity" (zvezdapovolzhya.ru/obshestvo/my-mozhem-28-05-2013.html). To date, the Tatars have achieve a great deal - a 70 billion US dollar GDP, victories in various competitions, and the sense that they can achieve even more, Akhmetov says. And the current preparations for the Universiade represent yet another "strengthening of the image of the republic as an advanced region of the Russian Federation." But the Tatars and their republic have not achieved the most important thing, the editor continues. In Soviet times, they were not able to achieve "even the status of a union republic of the USSR," and now, "the Stalinist theory of autonomization is again dominating the situation in Russia." "The striving of a people for political independence is an objective course of history, a natural historical process, and attempts to block it, especially by means of repression, force, or insane provocations, such as the proposal to liquidate the Republic Tatarstan, can lead to the strongest deformations in the development of this process and are extremely dangerous." Proposals to "liquidate" republics are "'terrorist' in their essence and recall "the equally absurd slogan of liquidating Russia itself as a national formation and transferring it under the protection of China." While some have forgotten, that is exactly what Mao Zedong proposed in 1949 when he called for unity the USSR and China "into a single state." "From the point of view of Marxism," the Kazan editor notes, "this was the principled way to proceed. But had Stalin agreed, "today there would not be any Russians left in the USSR." By rejecting Mao's ideas, Stalin "preserved the Russian nation," even though to do so he had to violate Marxist logic. Contemporary Europe reflects the national revolutions which were part and parcel of the bourgeois-democratic revolutions. Akhmetov says. If Russia chooses "the path of civilized capitalism, then it is necessary to prepare oneself for the process of the inevitable onset of the era of national revolutions in Russia." That course requires that the peoples of the country workout "a mutually profitable form of existence which starts from an appreciation of the political realities of the 21st century," and if that happens, the editor says, if there is "a bourgeois-democratic national revolution in Tatarstan, Russians too will live much more comfortably there than they do today." Any such revolution must take place "first in the spirit, in the area of ideology," Akhmetov continues. "Therefore, the Tatars must formulate the principles of the Tatar path forward," and in doing so overcome their fear of taking "the first step toward an 'adult' Tatar future." Toward that end, the Tatars need "an all-Russian Confederal Party which will permit the consideration of the interests of the development of other peoples, for they will be able to liberate themselves" only by the combined efforts of the various peoples of the current Russian Federation, something that will require the "radical spiritual liberation" of the Russians from their imperial consciousness. Recent Tatar victories in a variety of areas show that that nation is undergoing "a renaissance" which reflects "the growth of its passionate qualities." No nation with such a passionate basis "can be a dependent one." Such a spirit requires independence, as every "national revolution" always has. Opposing this trend is both "senseless and dangerous," Akhmetov says, because "if an individual recognizes himself as a free man, then no one can ever make him a slave." And he concludes his argument on behalf of a vastly more independent Tatarstan with yet another reference to Marxism. Marx thought, Akhmedov points out, that economics rather than passionate energy defines the course of history. But he was wrong because such energy is part of culture and culture moves things forward. For Tatars and many others, "religion gives a most powerful passionate impulse to the people." Consequently, for the Tatars of the Middle Volga, it is critically important to develop "Tatar theology" as it is that which is "at the foundation of the development of science and economics." True, Akhmetov concludes, "with [the Tatars today] it is history which currently plays the role of theology."

      http://windowoneurasia2.blogspot.de/2013/06/window-on-eurasia-tatars-can-and-must.html
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      Cossack Separatism Again on the Rise
      By: Paul Goble
      Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 10 Issue: 105 June 4, 2013

      Cossack law enforcement in Moscow (Source: ITAR-TASS) Sixty-eight years ago this week, the Western allies forcibly returned to the Soviet Union more than 2,000 Cossacks who fought on the German side against Stalin during World War II. Some were executed and even more died in Soviet uranium mines. But Cossacks continue to remember what they call thiss the Lienz tragedy because it highlights the fact that while most Cossacks at present see themselves as defenders of the Russian state, an increasing number believe they are a nation oppressed by Moscow and deserve self-determination in some territorial form. Paradoxically, the Kremlin stands behind this new upsurge in Cossack separatism because of its use of Cossack units not only in central Russian cities but in the North Caucasus. Three of the most important of the 13 Cossack "voiskas" or hosts-the Don, the Kuban and the Terek forces-have their roots in the North Caucasus and had set up Cossack states there during the Russian Civil War (themoscownews.com/local/20121126/190912705.html). So strong were those efforts that the Soviet state became deeply suspicious of any Cossack activity and took steps to ensure that the Cossacks could never become a challenge to the Soviet state and its territorial organization. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, however, Moscow has been more deferential to the Cossacks in the hopes that they could help control the Caucasus and Caucasians, but it has not been willing to allow them to restore any territorial units despite the Russian state's continuing support for non-Russian autonomous units. One pro-Cossack writer, Andrei Kovalenko, notes that Moscow's failure to support the Cossacks even as it asks them to help defend the Russian state was driving ever more of the members of that community to think of themselves as a nation with the territorial rights that status entails (evrazia.org/article/1397). Some of them, Kovalenko points out, are now talking about the restoration of a Don Cossack Republic. "In Novocherkassk," he continues, "in semi-underground conditions, a constitution of the newly minted republic is being drafted, and corresponding documents are being prepared for dispatch to the United Nations." And according to another Cossack ideologist, Alexander Yudin, "there exists a definite order of actions which must be taken in order to form everything by law. In the near term," he continues, "we will define the borders of the state, prepare a legal basis, and seek [diplomatic] recognition at the United Nations" (evrazia.org/article/1397). As Moscow knows well from bitter experience, changing borders in the North Caucasus is a risky proposition. A Cossack republic, even if limited in space, would have to be hacked out of several non-Russian areas, including Chechnya and the Circassian republics of the western Caucasus, as well as predominantly Russian areas like Stavropol Krai. Consequently, most Cossack activists are now focusing on restoring their traditional "stanitsas"-villages within the Cossack hosts and, historically, units of economic and political organization of the Cossack peoples. At the present time, several dozen have been re-formed without much official acknowledgement. But even doing that informally is creating problems, not only because they too require a shift of territorial control from one ethnic group to another, but because they appear to presage something far larger (http://avrom-caucasus.livejournal.com/258900.html and avrom-caucasus.livejournal.com/257828.html). Three aspects of this Cossack revival are worth noting. First, Cossack activism is not simply a revenant from the past but a symbol of the growing importance of sub-ethnic communities within what Moscow calls the Russian nation. Those subdivisions, based on regionalism as in Siberia or the northwest, or historical experiences as in Novgorod or the Cossack areas, highlight the weakness of Russian ethno-national identity and the very real possibility that the Russian state will not be able to rely on one part of that community without alienating another. Indeed, as Yudin pointed out in the article cited above, the Cossacks may ultimately become a model for the various groups now lumped together as Russians (evrazia.org/article/1397). Second, Moscow's experience with the Cossacks over the last ten years and the way that the Cossacks have sought to exploit it shows the limits of the Russian state's ability to rely on one ethnic group to deal with others. As the central Russian government is learning, using the Cossacks has prompted them to ask a question Moscow does not want asked: Why should the Cossacks continue to defend a state that is not willing to defend them? And third, ever more Cossacks are drawing on parts of their history that Moscow has sought to demonize or suppress, be it the formation of Cossack states during the Russian Civil War or the emigre tradition of Cossack statehood as a goal-which has the support of the United States' Captive Nations Week resolution of 1959, the anniversary of which will be marked this month. This Cossack revival further undermines Vladimir Putin's effort to create a single version of the Russian past and thus makes a single version of the Russian future that much less likely.

      http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=40983&cHash=03cfdfa746bd3ca0b591c0db884162bb#.UecAZawcXGA
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      RISI Scholar Says Anti-Islamic Hysteria in the Media Threatens Russia
      By Paul Goble
      Window on Eurasia, June 5 2013

      An expert at the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISI), a frequent source of anti-Muslim commentaries in the Russian media, warns that "anti-Islamic hysteria [in the mass media and society as a whole] is extremely dangerous" for the Russian Federation harming the country both at home and abroad. In an interview with Vera Ilina of Islamnews.ru, Azhdar Kurtov, a RISI scholar, says that the situation with regard to media coverage of Muslims and Islam is getting out of hand because journalists and their bosses are constantly chasing after sensationalism in order to attract more readers, listeners or viewers (islamnews.ru/news-139895.html). In that pursuit, the journalists target their work to what they see as their average consumer, often "people without a higher education or a clear understanding of what is true and what is an invention." But in doing so whether intentionally or not, the media<br/><br/>(Message over 64 KB, truncated)
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