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Pres.: Weimar/Russia Comparison, Kyiv 26.2.13 19:00

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  • Andreas Umland
    History course of the education project Vilna Shkola (Free School) https://www.facebook.com/groups/vilna.shkola/ Lecture by Andreas Umland
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 24, 2013
      History course of the education project "Vilna Shkola" (Free School)

      Lecture by Andreas Umland (http://kiev.academia.edu/AndreasUmland )
      "Why the Fascists Won't Take Over the Kremlin (for Now): A Comparison of Democracy's Breakdown and Fascism's Rise in Weimar Germany and Post-Soviet Russia"
      A paper by Steffen Kailitz (HAIT Dresden) and Andreas Umland (NaUKMA Kyiv)

      When: Tuesday, 26 February 2013, 19:00-21:00Where: vul. Volodymyrska 51/53, 10th floor, office 46 (mention "Vilna Shkola" to the concierge)

      Abstract: Structural explanations featuring socioeconomic changes dominate the study of authoritarian regression. We demonstrate that such theories are insufficient to account for democratic decline in two of collapsology's "crucial cases" - inter-war Germany and post-communist Russia. Instead, we identify (a) a dearth of pro-democratic actors on the elite´┐Żas well as population levels, and (b) a misconstrued form of government allowing the head of state to rule circumventing parliament in combination with the election of a non-democratic president, as a configuration constituting a sufficient cause for a country's slide to authoritarianism. We then hypothesize about the conditions for an electoral autocracy to further transmute into a fascist ideocracy. Like in Weimar Germany, in today's Russia, fascist actors are present, and nationalism is widespread in the population. The post-Soviet Russian situation is, however, distinct from the inter-war German one in that the party system is heavily manipulated and the third sector remains underdeveloped. Fascists have thus neither had a chance to use elections nor did they have the opportunity to penetrate civil society in order to build up political support. The continuing presence of a resolutely authoritarian, yet non-fascist "national leader" (Vladimir Putin) is a hindrance for the country to become a liberal democracy, but makes it, for the time being, also improbable that the Russian regime will transgress towards fascism.



      Presentation language: Russian
      PowerPoint language: English
      Discussion languages: Ukrainian and Russian
      Host: Vitaliy Shtefan

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