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  • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
    Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
    Message 1 of 26 , May 1, 2009
    • 0 Attachment
      Ride The Lightning List FAQ

      I. General Info

      1. What is this list about?
      2. Who maintains this list?
      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

      II. Comics/Flash Info

      1. How many Flashes are there?
      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
      hardcover?
      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
      mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
      10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
      twins? What are their powers?
      11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
      12. Who killed Bart?
      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
      issues?
      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

      III. Rules and Guidelines

      1. Courtesy and Language
      2. Spoilers
      3. Topics
      4. Repeated Comments/Questions

      IV. How do I...

      1. How do I join?
      2. How do I post/reply to a message?
      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
      4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
      I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
      Lightning.
      I don't want all this discussion stuff.
      Can I just get the updates?
      6. How do I get off this list?

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

      I. General Info

      1. What is this list about?

      Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


      2. Who maintains this list?

      Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
      <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
      whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
      things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
      list, ridethelightning-announce.


      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

      Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
      abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
      here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

      AFAIK
      As Far As I Know
      IANAL
      I Am Not A Lawyer
      IIRC
      If I Remember Correctly
      IMHO
      In My Humble Opinion
      LOL
      Laughing Out Loud
      OT
      Off-Topic
      NT
      No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
      ROTFL
      Rolling On The Floor Laughing
      ROTFLMAO
      Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

      II. Comics/Flash Info

      1. How many Flashes are there?

      Simple answer: Four.

      1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
      by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
      Society of America.
      2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
      Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
      be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
      3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
      the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
      Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
      4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
      super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
      the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
      back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
      again Kid Flash.

      Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
      each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
      Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
      future Flashes...


      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

      The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes will
      appear in the 5-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through mid-2009,
      followed by a new ongoing series. Additionally, they appear in the
      following series on a regular basis:

      Barry Allen
      None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

      Bart Allen
      Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds

      Jay Garrick
      Justice Society of America

      Wally West
      Justice League of America, The Titans

      Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
      Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

      * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
      * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
      * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
      it to #350.
      * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
      Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
      * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
      #1,000,000).
      * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
      13 issues.

      Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
      (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
      series as volume 3.


      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

      This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

      Golden Age: Jay Garrick

      Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
      Age Flash Archives.

      Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

      Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
      in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
      Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
      Flash.

      Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
      number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
      Earths: The Team-Ups. Barry also stars in most of the stories in Flash:
      The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

      Wally West

      Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
      TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
      Heat, and Race Against Time.

      Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
      form (see the above link for a full list).

      Bart Allen

      The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
      Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
      a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
      Man Alive.


      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

      According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
      has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
      set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
      out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
      Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
      things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
      back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
      like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
      Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
      The Flash: Rebirth.

      Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
      they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
      like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
      and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
      From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
      posturing.


      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

      The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
      to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
      it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
      version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
      Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
      After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
      had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
      example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
      parents are related? Eeew!

      Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
      forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
      Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
      But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
      Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
      25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
      it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
      marrying or having children.

      Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
      Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
      genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

      The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
      power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
      more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
      field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
      time.

      Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
      Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
      in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

      During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
      villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
      With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
      for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
      to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
      draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

      In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
      the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
      but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
      status quo.


      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

      During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
      Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
      been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
      with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
      Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
      disappeared at the same time Wally did.

      As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
      Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
      Garrick.


      10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they twins?
      What are their powers?

      Wally's and Linda's children remained unnamed for two years after we saw
      their birth in Flash #225. In All-Flash #1, their names were revealed to
      be Iris and Jai.

      Their inherited connection to the speed force caused them to grow rapidly,
      and at different paces. After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai
      is effectively 8.

      It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
      molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
      matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
      super-strength.


      11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

      During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
      on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
      there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
      rest of the world.

      In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
      right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
      it's now one year later, making him 21.

      After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
      appears to be a teenager again.


      12. Who Killed Bart?

      Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
      the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
      participated in the murder.

      Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
      killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
      shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
      involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

      After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
      Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
      either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
      several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
      or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
      Mirror Master separating them.

      Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
      in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
      though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

      In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
      trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
      Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
      sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
      Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
      killed.


      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

      The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
      alternate-reality stories.

      Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
      Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
      heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
      heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
      had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
      some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
      Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
      groups of heroes into one shared universe.

      Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
      parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
      alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
      months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
      particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
      be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
      still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

      Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
      stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
      comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
      only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
      used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
      lead to lazy research and bad writing.

      After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
      parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
      similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

      The Unofficial Hypertime Website
      http://travel.to/hypertime
      A collection of articles written by various people, including
      interview excerpts.

      Time And Hypertime
      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
      This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
      dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
      in terms of Hypertime.


      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
      Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
      announcements.

      Speed Force
      http://speedforce.org/
      Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

      DC Comics (official site)
      http://www.dccomics.com/
      Listings are posted three months ahead.

      Other Comics News Sites
      Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
      These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
      usually on the third Monday of the month


      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
      Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

      Speed Force
      http://speedforce.org/
      Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
      June 2008.

      Crimson Lightning (retired)
      http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
      Flash-themed blog featuring reviews, news, classic covers, and
      more. Stopped updating in 2007.

      The Unofficial Flash Index
      http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
      Issues guide

      DC Comics (official site)
      http://www.dccomics.com
      Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
      Universe

      Wikipedia
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
      Information about the series and characters

      You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

      III. Rules and Guidelines

      1. Courtesy and Language

      Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
      Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
      follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
      Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
      over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
      colloquial meanings get lost.


      2. Spoilers

      Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
      don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
      country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
      and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
      line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
      story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
      people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


      3. Topics of Discussion

      This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
      about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
      fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
      happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
      America, or any crossovers are also included.

      Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
      the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
      subject.


      4. Repeated comments/questions

      Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
      Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
      or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
      etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
      done to death only a week before.

      Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
      check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
      postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
      repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
      something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

      If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
      cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
      is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
      better) so others can look up the full posting.

      If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
      discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

      The list is archived at
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

      IV. How Do I...

      1. How do I join?

      There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
      ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
      web.


      2. How do I post/reply to a message?

      You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
      If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

      Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
      update your subject line to reflect this!


      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

      The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
      (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
      everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
      list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
      can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
      it.


      4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
      I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

      The entire list is archived on the web at
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
      I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

      Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
      announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
      ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

      Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
      (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
      simply click on the link.


      6. How do I get off this list?

      If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
      yourself there.

      Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
      ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

      List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
      FAQ Updated February 16, 2009
    • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
      Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
      Message 2 of 26 , Jun 1, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Ride The Lightning List FAQ

        I. General Info

        1. What is this list about?
        2. Who maintains this list?
        3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

        II. Comics/Flash Info

        1. How many Flashes are there?
        2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
        3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
        4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
        hardcover?
        5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
        6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
        7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
        mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
        8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
        9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
        10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
        twins? What are their powers?
        11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
        12. Who killed Bart?
        13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
        14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
        issues?
        15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

        III. Rules and Guidelines

        1. Courtesy and Language
        2. Spoilers
        3. Topics
        4. Repeated Comments/Questions

        IV. How do I...

        1. How do I join?
        2. How do I post/reply to a message?
        3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
        4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
        I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
        5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
        Lightning.
        I don't want all this discussion stuff.
        Can I just get the updates?
        6. How do I get off this list?

        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

        I. General Info

        1. What is this list about?

        Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


        2. Who maintains this list?

        Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
        <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
        whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
        things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
        list, ridethelightning-announce.


        3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

        Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
        abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
        here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

        AFAIK
        As Far As I Know
        IANAL
        I Am Not A Lawyer
        IIRC
        If I Remember Correctly
        IMHO
        In My Humble Opinion
        LOL
        Laughing Out Loud
        OT
        Off-Topic
        NT
        No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
        ROTFL
        Rolling On The Floor Laughing
        ROTFLMAO
        Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

        II. Comics/Flash Info

        1. How many Flashes are there?

        Simple answer: Four.

        1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
        by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
        Society of America.
        2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
        Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
        be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
        3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
        the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
        Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
        4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
        super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
        the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
        back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
        again Kid Flash.

        Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
        each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
        Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
        future Flashes...


        2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

        The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes will
        appear in the 5-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through mid-2009,
        followed by a new ongoing series. Additionally, they appear in the
        following series on a regular basis:

        Barry Allen
        None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

        Bart Allen
        Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds

        Jay Garrick
        Justice Society of America

        Wally West
        Justice League of America, The Titans

        Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
        Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


        3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

        * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
        * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
        * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
        it to #350.
        * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
        Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
        * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
        #1,000,000).
        * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
        13 issues.

        Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
        (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
        series as volume 3.


        4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

        This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

        Golden Age: Jay Garrick

        Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
        Age Flash Archives.

        Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

        Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
        in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
        Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
        Flash.

        Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
        number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
        Earths: The Team-Ups. Barry also stars in most of the stories in Flash:
        The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

        Wally West

        Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
        TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
        Heat, and Race Against Time.

        Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
        form (see the above link for a full list).

        Bart Allen

        The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
        Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
        a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
        Man Alive.


        5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

        According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
        has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
        set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
        out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
        Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
        things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
        back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
        like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
        Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
        The Flash: Rebirth.

        Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
        they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
        like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
        and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
        From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
        posturing.


        6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

        The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
        to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
        it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
        version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
        Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
        After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
        had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
        example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


        7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
        parents are related? Eeew!

        Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
        forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
        Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
        But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
        Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
        25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
        it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
        marrying or having children.

        Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
        Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
        genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


        8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

        The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
        power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
        more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
        field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
        time.

        Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
        Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
        in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

        During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
        villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
        With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
        for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
        to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
        draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

        In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
        the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
        but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
        status quo.


        9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

        During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
        Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
        been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
        with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
        Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
        disappeared at the same time Wally did.

        As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
        Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
        Garrick.


        10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they twins?
        What are their powers?

        Wally's and Linda's children remained unnamed for two years after we saw
        their birth in Flash #225. In All-Flash #1, their names were revealed to
        be Iris and Jai.

        Their inherited connection to the speed force caused them to grow rapidly,
        and at different paces. After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai
        is effectively 8.

        It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
        molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
        matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
        super-strength.


        11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

        During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
        on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
        there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
        rest of the world.

        In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
        right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
        it's now one year later, making him 21.

        After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
        appears to be a teenager again.


        12. Who Killed Bart?

        Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
        the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
        participated in the murder.

        Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
        killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
        shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
        involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

        After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
        Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
        either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
        several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
        or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
        Mirror Master separating them.

        Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
        in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
        though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

        In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
        trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
        Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
        sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
        Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
        killed.


        13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

        The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
        alternate-reality stories.

        Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
        Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
        heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
        heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
        had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
        some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
        Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
        groups of heroes into one shared universe.

        Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
        parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
        alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
        months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
        particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
        be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
        still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

        Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
        stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
        comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
        only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
        used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
        lead to lazy research and bad writing.

        After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
        parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
        similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

        The Unofficial Hypertime Website
        http://travel.to/hypertime
        A collection of articles written by various people, including
        interview excerpts.

        Time And Hypertime
        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
        This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
        dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
        in terms of Hypertime.


        14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

        Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
        Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
        announcements.

        Speed Force
        http://speedforce.org/
        Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

        DC Comics (official site)
        http://www.dccomics.com/
        Listings are posted three months ahead.

        Other Comics News Sites
        Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
        These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
        usually on the third Monday of the month


        15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

        Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
        Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

        Speed Force
        http://speedforce.org/
        Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
        June 2008.

        Crimson Lightning (retired)
        http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
        Flash-themed blog featuring reviews, news, classic covers, and
        more. Stopped updating in 2007.

        The Unofficial Flash Index
        http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
        Issues guide

        DC Comics (official site)
        http://www.dccomics.com
        Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
        Universe

        Wikipedia
        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
        Information about the series and characters

        You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

        III. Rules and Guidelines

        1. Courtesy and Language

        Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
        Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
        follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
        Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
        over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
        colloquial meanings get lost.


        2. Spoilers

        Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
        don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
        country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
        and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
        line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
        story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
        people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


        3. Topics of Discussion

        This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
        about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
        fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
        happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
        America, or any crossovers are also included.

        Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
        the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
        subject.


        4. Repeated comments/questions

        Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
        Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
        or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
        etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
        done to death only a week before.

        Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
        check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
        postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
        repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
        something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

        If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
        cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
        is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
        better) so others can look up the full posting.

        If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
        discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

        The list is archived at
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

        IV. How Do I...

        1. How do I join?

        There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
        ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
        http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
        web.


        2. How do I post/reply to a message?

        You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
        If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

        Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
        update your subject line to reflect this!


        3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

        The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
        (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
        everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
        list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
        can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
        it.


        4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
        I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

        The entire list is archived on the web at
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


        5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
        I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

        Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
        announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
        ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

        Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
        (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
        simply click on the link.


        6. How do I get off this list?

        If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
        http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
        yourself there.

        Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
        ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

        List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
        FAQ Updated February 16, 2009
      • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
        Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
        Message 3 of 26 , Jul 1, 2009
        • 0 Attachment
          Ride The Lightning List FAQ

          I. General Info

          1. What is this list about?
          2. Who maintains this list?
          3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

          II. Comics/Flash Info

          1. How many Flashes are there?
          2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
          3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
          4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
          hardcover?
          5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
          6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
          7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
          mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
          8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
          9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
          10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
          twins? What are their powers?
          11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
          12. Who killed Bart?
          13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
          14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
          issues?
          15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

          III. Rules and Guidelines

          1. Courtesy and Language
          2. Spoilers
          3. Topics
          4. Repeated Comments/Questions

          IV. How do I...

          1. How do I join?
          2. How do I post/reply to a message?
          3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
          4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
          I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
          5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
          Lightning.
          I don't want all this discussion stuff.
          Can I just get the updates?
          6. How do I get off this list?

          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

          I. General Info

          1. What is this list about?

          Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


          2. Who maintains this list?

          Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
          <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
          whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
          things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
          list, ridethelightning-announce.


          3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

          Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
          abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
          here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

          AFAIK
          As Far As I Know
          IANAL
          I Am Not A Lawyer
          IIRC
          If I Remember Correctly
          IMHO
          In My Humble Opinion
          LOL
          Laughing Out Loud
          OT
          Off-Topic
          NT
          No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
          ROTFL
          Rolling On The Floor Laughing
          ROTFLMAO
          Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

          II. Comics/Flash Info

          1. How many Flashes are there?

          Simple answer: Four.

          1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
          by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
          Society of America.
          2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
          Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
          be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
          3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
          the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
          Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
          4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
          super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
          the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
          back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
          again Kid Flash.

          Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
          each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
          Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
          future Flashes...


          2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

          The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes will
          appear in the 5-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through mid-2009,
          followed by a new ongoing series. Additionally, they appear in the
          following series on a regular basis:

          Barry Allen
          None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

          Bart Allen
          Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds

          Jay Garrick
          Justice Society of America

          Wally West
          Justice League of America, The Titans

          Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
          Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


          3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

          * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
          * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
          * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
          it to #350.
          * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
          Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
          * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
          #1,000,000).
          * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
          13 issues.

          Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
          (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
          series as volume 3.


          4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

          This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

          Golden Age: Jay Garrick

          Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
          Age Flash Archives.

          Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

          Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
          in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
          Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
          Flash.

          Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
          number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
          Earths: The Team-Ups. Barry also stars in most of the stories in Flash:
          The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

          Wally West

          Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
          TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
          Heat, and Race Against Time.

          Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
          form (see the above link for a full list).

          Bart Allen

          The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
          Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
          a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
          Man Alive.


          5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

          According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
          has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
          set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
          out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
          Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
          things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
          back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
          like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
          Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
          The Flash: Rebirth.

          Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
          they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
          like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
          and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
          From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
          posturing.


          6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

          The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
          to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
          it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
          version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
          Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
          After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
          had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
          example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


          7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
          parents are related? Eeew!

          Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
          forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
          Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
          But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
          Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
          25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
          it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
          marrying or having children.

          Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
          Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
          genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


          8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

          The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
          power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
          more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
          field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
          time.

          Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
          Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
          in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

          During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
          villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
          With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
          for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
          to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
          draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

          In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
          the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
          but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
          status quo.


          9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

          During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
          Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
          been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
          with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
          Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
          disappeared at the same time Wally did.

          As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
          Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
          Garrick.


          10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they twins?
          What are their powers?

          Wally's and Linda's children remained unnamed for two years after we saw
          their birth in Flash #225. In All-Flash #1, their names were revealed to
          be Iris and Jai.

          Their inherited connection to the speed force caused them to grow rapidly,
          and at different paces. After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai
          is effectively 8.

          It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
          molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
          matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
          super-strength.


          11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

          During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
          on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
          there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
          rest of the world.

          In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
          right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
          it's now one year later, making him 21.

          After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
          appears to be a teenager again.


          12. Who Killed Bart?

          Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
          the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
          participated in the murder.

          Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
          killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
          shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
          involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

          After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
          Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
          either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
          several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
          or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
          Mirror Master separating them.

          Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
          in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
          though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

          In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
          trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
          Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
          sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
          Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
          killed.


          13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

          The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
          alternate-reality stories.

          Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
          Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
          heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
          heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
          had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
          some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
          Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
          groups of heroes into one shared universe.

          Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
          parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
          alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
          months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
          particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
          be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
          still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

          Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
          stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
          comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
          only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
          used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
          lead to lazy research and bad writing.

          After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
          parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
          similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

          The Unofficial Hypertime Website
          http://travel.to/hypertime
          A collection of articles written by various people, including
          interview excerpts.

          Time And Hypertime
          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
          This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
          dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
          in terms of Hypertime.


          14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

          Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
          Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
          announcements.

          Speed Force
          http://speedforce.org/
          Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

          DC Comics (official site)
          http://www.dccomics.com/
          Listings are posted three months ahead.

          Other Comics News Sites
          Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
          These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
          usually on the third Monday of the month


          15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

          Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
          Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

          Speed Force
          http://speedforce.org/
          Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
          June 2008.

          Crimson Lightning (retired)
          http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
          Flash-themed blog featuring reviews, news, classic covers, and
          more. Stopped updating in 2007.

          The Unofficial Flash Index
          http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
          Issues guide

          DC Comics (official site)
          http://www.dccomics.com
          Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
          Universe

          Wikipedia
          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
          Information about the series and characters

          You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

          III. Rules and Guidelines

          1. Courtesy and Language

          Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
          Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
          follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
          Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
          over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
          colloquial meanings get lost.


          2. Spoilers

          Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
          don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
          country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
          and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
          line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
          story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
          people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


          3. Topics of Discussion

          This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
          about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
          fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
          happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
          America, or any crossovers are also included.

          Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
          the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
          subject.


          4. Repeated comments/questions

          Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
          Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
          or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
          etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
          done to death only a week before.

          Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
          check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
          postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
          repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
          something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

          If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
          cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
          is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
          better) so others can look up the full posting.

          If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
          discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

          The list is archived at
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

          IV. How Do I...

          1. How do I join?

          There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
          ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
          http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
          web.


          2. How do I post/reply to a message?

          You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
          If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

          Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
          update your subject line to reflect this!


          3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

          The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
          (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
          everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
          list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
          can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
          it.


          4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
          I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

          The entire list is archived on the web at
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


          5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
          I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

          Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
          announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
          ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

          Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
          (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
          simply click on the link.


          6. How do I get off this list?

          If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
          http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
          yourself there.

          Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
          ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

          List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
          FAQ Updated February 16, 2009
        • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
          Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
          Message 4 of 26 , Aug 1, 2009
          • 0 Attachment
            Ride The Lightning List FAQ

            I. General Info

            1. What is this list about?
            2. Who maintains this list?
            3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

            II. Comics/Flash Info

            1. How many Flashes are there?
            2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
            3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
            4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
            hardcover?
            5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
            6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
            7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
            mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
            8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
            9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
            10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
            twins? What are their powers?
            11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
            12. Who killed Bart?
            13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
            14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
            issues?
            15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

            III. Rules and Guidelines

            1. Courtesy and Language
            2. Spoilers
            3. Topics
            4. Repeated Comments/Questions

            IV. How do I...

            1. How do I join?
            2. How do I post/reply to a message?
            3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
            4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
            I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
            5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
            Lightning.
            I don't want all this discussion stuff.
            Can I just get the updates?
            6. How do I get off this list?

            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

            I. General Info

            1. What is this list about?

            Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


            2. Who maintains this list?

            Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
            <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
            whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
            things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
            list, ridethelightning-announce.


            3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

            Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
            abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
            here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

            AFAIK
            As Far As I Know
            IANAL
            I Am Not A Lawyer
            IIRC
            If I Remember Correctly
            IMHO
            In My Humble Opinion
            LOL
            Laughing Out Loud
            OT
            Off-Topic
            NT
            No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
            ROTFL
            Rolling On The Floor Laughing
            ROTFLMAO
            Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

            II. Comics/Flash Info

            1. How many Flashes are there?

            Simple answer: Four.

            1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
            by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
            Society of America.
            2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
            Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
            be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
            3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
            the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
            Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
            4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
            super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
            the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
            back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
            again Kid Flash.

            Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
            each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
            Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
            future Flashes...


            2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

            The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
            appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through 2009.
            It will be followed by the 3-issue Blackest Night: The Flash in December,
            then two ongoing books, one focusing on the Flash and one on Kid Flash.
            Additionally, they appear in the following series on a regular basis:

            Barry Allen
            None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

            Bart Allen
            None yet, but will probably headline the new Kid Flash ongoing.

            Jay Garrick
            Justice Society of America

            Wally West
            The Titans

            Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
            Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


            3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

            * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
            * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
            * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
            it to #350.
            * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
            Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
            * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
            #1,000,000).
            * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
            13 issues.

            Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
            (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
            series as volume 3.


            4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

            This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

            Golden Age: Jay Garrick

            Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
            Age Flash Archives.

            Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

            Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
            in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
            Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
            Flash.

            Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
            number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
            Earths: The Team-Ups and DC Classics: Flash of Two Worlds. Barry also
            stars in most of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

            Wally West

            Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
            TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
            Heat, and Race Against Time.

            Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
            form (see the above link for a full list).

            Bart Allen

            The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
            Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
            a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
            Man Alive.


            5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

            According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
            has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
            set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
            out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
            Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
            things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
            back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
            like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
            Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
            The Flash: Rebirth.

            Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
            they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
            like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
            and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
            From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
            posturing.


            6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

            The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
            to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
            it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
            version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
            Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
            After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
            had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
            example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


            7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
            parents are related? Eeew!

            Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
            forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
            Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
            But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
            Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
            25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
            it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
            marrying or having children.

            Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
            Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
            genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


            8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

            The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
            power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
            more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
            field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
            time.

            Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
            Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
            in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

            During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
            villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
            With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
            for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
            to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
            draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

            In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
            the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
            but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
            status quo.


            9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

            During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
            Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
            been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
            with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
            Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
            disappeared at the same time Wally did.

            As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
            Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
            Garrick.


            10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
            their powers?

            Wally's and Linda's children, Iris and Jai, grew rapidly (and at different
            paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force. After only a
            year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

            It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
            molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
            matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
            super-strength.


            11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

            During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
            on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
            there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
            rest of the world.

            In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
            right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
            it's now one year later, making him 21.

            After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
            is a teenager again.


            12. Who Killed Bart?

            Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
            the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
            participated in the murder.

            Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
            killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
            shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
            involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

            After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
            Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
            either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
            several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
            or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
            Mirror Master separating them.

            Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
            in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
            though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

            In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
            trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
            Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
            sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
            Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
            killed.


            13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

            The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
            alternate-reality stories.

            Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
            Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
            heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
            heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
            had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
            some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
            Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
            groups of heroes into one shared universe.

            Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
            parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
            alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
            months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
            particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
            be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
            still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

            Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
            stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
            comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
            only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
            used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
            lead to lazy research and bad writing.

            After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
            parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
            similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

            The Unofficial Hypertime Website
            http://travel.to/hypertime
            A collection of articles written by various people, including
            interview excerpts.

            Time And Hypertime
            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
            This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
            dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
            in terms of Hypertime.


            14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

            Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
            Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
            announcements.

            Speed Force
            http://speedforce.org/
            Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

            DC Comics (official site)
            http://www.dccomics.com/
            Listings are posted three months ahead.

            Other Comics News Sites
            Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
            These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
            usually on the third Monday of the month


            15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

            Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
            Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

            Speed Force
            http://speedforce.org/
            Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
            June 2008.

            Crimson Lightning
            http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
            Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

            The Unofficial Flash Index
            http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
            Issues guide

            DC Comics (official site)
            http://www.dccomics.com
            Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
            Universe

            Wikipedia
            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
            Information about the series and characters

            You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

            III. Rules and Guidelines

            1. Courtesy and Language

            Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
            Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
            follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
            Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
            over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
            colloquial meanings get lost.


            2. Spoilers

            Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
            don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
            country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
            and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
            line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
            story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
            people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


            3. Topics of Discussion

            This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
            about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
            fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
            happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
            America, or any crossovers are also included.

            Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
            the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
            subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
            people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
            same country as you.


            4. Repeated comments/questions

            Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
            Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
            or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
            etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
            done to death only a week before.

            Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
            check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
            postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
            repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
            something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

            If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
            cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
            is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
            better) so others can look up the full posting.

            If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
            discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

            The list is archived at
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

            IV. How Do I...

            1. How do I join?

            There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
            ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
            http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
            web.


            2. How do I post/reply to a message?

            You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
            If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

            Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
            update your subject line to reflect this!


            3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

            The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
            (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
            everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
            list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
            can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
            it.


            4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
            I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

            The entire list is archived on the web at
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


            5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
            I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

            Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
            announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
            ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

            Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
            (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
            simply click on the link.


            6. How do I get off this list?

            If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
            http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
            yourself there.

            Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
            ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

            List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
            FAQ Updated July 31, 2009
          • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
            Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
            Message 5 of 26 , Sep 1, 2009
            • 0 Attachment
              Ride The Lightning List FAQ

              I. General Info

              1. What is this list about?
              2. Who maintains this list?
              3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

              II. Comics/Flash Info

              1. How many Flashes are there?
              2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
              3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
              4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
              hardcover?
              5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
              6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
              7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
              mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
              8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
              9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
              10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
              twins? What are their powers?
              11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
              12. Who killed Bart?
              13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
              14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
              issues?
              15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

              III. Rules and Guidelines

              1. Courtesy and Language
              2. Spoilers
              3. Topics
              4. Repeated Comments/Questions

              IV. How do I...

              1. How do I join?
              2. How do I post/reply to a message?
              3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
              4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
              I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
              5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
              Lightning.
              I don't want all this discussion stuff.
              Can I just get the updates?
              6. How do I get off this list?

              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

              I. General Info

              1. What is this list about?

              Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


              2. Who maintains this list?

              Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
              <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
              whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
              things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
              list, ridethelightning-announce.


              3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

              Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
              abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
              here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

              AFAIK
              As Far As I Know
              IANAL
              I Am Not A Lawyer
              IIRC
              If I Remember Correctly
              IMHO
              In My Humble Opinion
              LOL
              Laughing Out Loud
              OT
              Off-Topic
              NT
              No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
              ROTFL
              Rolling On The Floor Laughing
              ROTFLMAO
              Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

              II. Comics/Flash Info

              1. How many Flashes are there?

              Simple answer: Four.

              1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
              by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
              Society of America.
              2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
              Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
              be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
              3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
              the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
              Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
              4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
              super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
              the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
              back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
              again Kid Flash.

              Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
              each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
              Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
              future Flashes...


              2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

              The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
              appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through 2009.
              It will be followed by the 3-issue Blackest Night: The Flash in December,
              then two ongoing books, one focusing on the Flash and one on Kid Flash.
              Additionally, they appear in the following series on a regular basis:

              Barry Allen
              None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

              Bart Allen
              None yet, but will probably headline the new Kid Flash ongoing.

              Jay Garrick
              Justice Society of America

              Wally West
              The Titans

              Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
              Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


              3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

              * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
              * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
              * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
              it to #350.
              * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
              Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
              * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
              #1,000,000).
              * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
              13 issues.

              Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
              (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
              series as volume 3.


              4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

              This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

              Golden Age: Jay Garrick

              Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
              Age Flash Archives.

              Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

              Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
              in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
              Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
              Flash.

              Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
              number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
              Earths: The Team-Ups and DC Classics: Flash of Two Worlds. Barry also
              stars in most of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

              Wally West

              Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
              TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
              Heat, and Race Against Time.

              Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
              form (see the above link for a full list).

              Bart Allen

              The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
              Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
              a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
              Man Alive.


              5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

              According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
              has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
              set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
              out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
              Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
              things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
              back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
              like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
              Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
              The Flash: Rebirth.

              Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
              they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
              like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
              and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
              From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
              posturing.


              6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

              The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
              to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
              it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
              version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
              Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
              After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
              had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
              example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


              7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
              parents are related? Eeew!

              Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
              forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
              Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
              But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
              Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
              25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
              it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
              marrying or having children.

              Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
              Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
              genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


              8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

              The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
              power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
              more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
              field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
              time.

              Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
              Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
              in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

              During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
              villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
              With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
              for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
              to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
              draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

              In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
              the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
              but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
              status quo.


              9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

              During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
              Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
              been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
              with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
              Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
              disappeared at the same time Wally did.

              As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
              Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
              Garrick.


              10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
              their powers?

              Wally's and Linda's children, Iris and Jai, grew rapidly (and at different
              paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force. After only a
              year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

              It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
              molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
              matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
              super-strength.


              11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

              During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
              on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
              there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
              rest of the world.

              In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
              right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
              it's now one year later, making him 21.

              After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
              is a teenager again.


              12. Who Killed Bart?

              Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
              the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
              participated in the murder.

              Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
              killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
              shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
              involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

              After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
              Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
              either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
              several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
              or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
              Mirror Master separating them.

              Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
              in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
              though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

              In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
              trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
              Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
              sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
              Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
              killed.


              13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

              The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
              alternate-reality stories.

              Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
              Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
              heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
              heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
              had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
              some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
              Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
              groups of heroes into one shared universe.

              Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
              parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
              alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
              months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
              particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
              be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
              still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

              Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
              stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
              comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
              only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
              used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
              lead to lazy research and bad writing.

              After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
              parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
              similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

              The Unofficial Hypertime Website
              http://travel.to/hypertime
              A collection of articles written by various people, including
              interview excerpts.

              Time And Hypertime
              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
              This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
              dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
              in terms of Hypertime.


              14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

              Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
              Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
              announcements.

              Speed Force
              http://speedforce.org/
              Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

              DC Comics (official site)
              http://www.dccomics.com/
              Listings are posted three months ahead.

              Other Comics News Sites
              Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
              These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
              usually on the third Monday of the month


              15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

              Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
              Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

              Speed Force
              http://speedforce.org/
              Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
              June 2008.

              Crimson Lightning
              http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
              Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

              The Unofficial Flash Index
              http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
              Issues guide

              DC Comics (official site)
              http://www.dccomics.com
              Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
              Universe

              Wikipedia
              http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
              Information about the series and characters

              You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

              III. Rules and Guidelines

              1. Courtesy and Language

              Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
              Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
              follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
              Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
              over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
              colloquial meanings get lost.


              2. Spoilers

              Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
              don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
              country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
              and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
              line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
              story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
              people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


              3. Topics of Discussion

              This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
              about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
              fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
              happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
              America, or any crossovers are also included.

              Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
              the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
              subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
              people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
              same country as you.


              4. Repeated comments/questions

              Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
              Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
              or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
              etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
              done to death only a week before.

              Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
              check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
              postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
              repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
              something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

              If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
              cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
              is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
              better) so others can look up the full posting.

              If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
              discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

              The list is archived at
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

              IV. How Do I...

              1. How do I join?

              There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
              ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
              http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
              web.


              2. How do I post/reply to a message?

              You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
              If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

              Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
              update your subject line to reflect this!


              3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

              The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
              (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
              everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
              list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
              can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
              it.


              4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
              I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

              The entire list is archived on the web at
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


              5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
              I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

              Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
              announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
              ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

              Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
              (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
              simply click on the link.


              6. How do I get off this list?

              If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
              http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
              yourself there.

              Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
              ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

              List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
              FAQ Updated July 31, 2009
            • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
              Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
              Message 6 of 26 , Oct 1, 2009
              • 0 Attachment
                Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                I. General Info

                1. What is this list about?
                2. Who maintains this list?
                3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                II. Comics/Flash Info

                1. How many Flashes are there?
                2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                hardcover?
                5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
                6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                twins? What are their powers?
                11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                12. Who killed Bart?
                13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                issues?
                15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                III. Rules and Guidelines

                1. Courtesy and Language
                2. Spoilers
                3. Topics
                4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                IV. How do I...

                1. How do I join?
                2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                Lightning.
                I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                Can I just get the updates?
                6. How do I get off this list?

                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                I. General Info

                1. What is this list about?

                Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                2. Who maintains this list?

                Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                list, ridethelightning-announce.


                3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                AFAIK
                As Far As I Know
                IANAL
                I Am Not A Lawyer
                IIRC
                If I Remember Correctly
                IMHO
                In My Humble Opinion
                LOL
                Laughing Out Loud
                OT
                Off-Topic
                NT
                No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                ROTFL
                Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                ROTFLMAO
                Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                II. Comics/Flash Info

                1. How many Flashes are there?

                Simple answer: Four.

                1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                Society of America.
                2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
                be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
                3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
                4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                again Kid Flash.

                Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                future Flashes...


                2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
                appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through 2009.
                It will be followed by the 3-issue Blackest Night: The Flash in December,
                then two ongoing books, one focusing on the Flash and one on Kid Flash.
                Additionally, they appear in the following series on a regular basis:

                Barry Allen
                None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

                Bart Allen
                None yet, but will probably headline the new Kid Flash ongoing.

                Jay Garrick
                Justice Society of America

                Wally West
                The Titans

                Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                it to #350.
                * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                #1,000,000).
                * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                13 issues.

                Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                series as volume 3.


                4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                Age Flash Archives.

                Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
                in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
                Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
                Flash.

                Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
                number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
                Earths: The Team-Ups and DC Classics: Flash of Two Worlds. Barry also
                stars in most of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                Wally West

                Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
                Heat, and Race Against Time.

                Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
                form (see the above link for a full list).

                Bart Allen

                The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                Man Alive.


                5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

                According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                The Flash: Rebirth.

                Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                posturing.


                6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                parents are related? Eeew!

                Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                marrying or having children.

                Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
                more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                time.

                Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
                villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
                With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
                for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
                to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
                draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

                In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
                the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
                but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
                status quo.


                9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                Garrick.


                10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                their powers?

                Wally's and Linda's children, Iris and Jai, grew rapidly (and at different
                paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force. After only a
                year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
                molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
                matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
                super-strength.


                11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                rest of the world.

                In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
                right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                it's now one year later, making him 21.

                After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                is a teenager again.


                12. Who Killed Bart?

                Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                participated in the murder.

                Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                Mirror Master separating them.

                Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                killed.


                13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                alternate-reality stories.

                Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                http://travel.to/hypertime
                A collection of articles written by various people, including
                interview excerpts.

                Time And Hypertime
                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                in terms of Hypertime.


                14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                announcements.

                Speed Force
                http://speedforce.org/
                Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                DC Comics (official site)
                http://www.dccomics.com/
                Listings are posted three months ahead.

                Other Comics News Sites
                Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                usually on the third Monday of the month


                15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                Speed Force
                http://speedforce.org/
                Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                June 2008.

                Crimson Lightning
                http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                The Unofficial Flash Index
                http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                Issues guide

                DC Comics (official site)
                http://www.dccomics.com
                Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                Universe

                Wikipedia
                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                Information about the series and characters

                You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                III. Rules and Guidelines

                1. Courtesy and Language

                Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                colloquial meanings get lost.


                2. Spoilers

                Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                3. Topics of Discussion

                This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                America, or any crossovers are also included.

                Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                same country as you.


                4. Repeated comments/questions

                Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                done to death only a week before.

                Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                better) so others can look up the full posting.

                If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                The list is archived at
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                IV. How Do I...

                1. How do I join?

                There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                web.


                2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                update your subject line to reflect this!


                3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                it.


                4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                The entire list is archived on the web at
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                simply click on the link.


                6. How do I get off this list?

                If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                yourself there.

                Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                FAQ Updated July 31, 2009
              • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                Message 7 of 26 , Nov 1, 2009
                • 0 Attachment
                  Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                  I. General Info

                  1. What is this list about?
                  2. Who maintains this list?
                  3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                  II. Comics/Flash Info

                  1. How many Flashes are there?
                  2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                  3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                  4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                  hardcover?
                  5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?
                  6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                  7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                  mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                  8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                  9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                  10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                  twins? What are their powers?
                  11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                  12. Who killed Bart?
                  13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                  14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                  issues?
                  15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                  III. Rules and Guidelines

                  1. Courtesy and Language
                  2. Spoilers
                  3. Topics
                  4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                  IV. How do I...

                  1. How do I join?
                  2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                  3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                  4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                  I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                  5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                  Lightning.
                  I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                  Can I just get the updates?
                  6. How do I get off this list?

                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  I. General Info

                  1. What is this list about?

                  Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                  2. Who maintains this list?

                  Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                  <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                  whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                  things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                  list, ridethelightning-announce.


                  3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                  Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                  abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                  here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                  AFAIK
                  As Far As I Know
                  IANAL
                  I Am Not A Lawyer
                  IIRC
                  If I Remember Correctly
                  IMHO
                  In My Humble Opinion
                  LOL
                  Laughing Out Loud
                  OT
                  Off-Topic
                  NT
                  No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                  ROTFL
                  Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                  ROTFLMAO
                  Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  II. Comics/Flash Info

                  1. How many Flashes are there?

                  Simple answer: Four.

                  1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                  by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                  Society of America.
                  2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                  Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
                  be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
                  3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                  the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                  Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again from 2007-2008.
                  4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                  super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                  the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                  back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                  again Kid Flash.

                  Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                  each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                  Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                  future Flashes...


                  2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                  The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
                  appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through 2009.
                  It will be followed by the 3-issue Blackest Night: The Flash in December,
                  then two ongoing books, one focusing on the Flash and one on Kid Flash.
                  Additionally, they appear in the following series on a regular basis:

                  Barry Allen
                  None yet, but will probably headline the new Flash ongoing.

                  Bart Allen
                  None yet, but will probably headline the new Kid Flash ongoing.

                  Jay Garrick
                  Justice Society of America

                  Wally West
                  The Titans

                  Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                  Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                  3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                  * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                  * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                  * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                  it to #350.
                  * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                  Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                  * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                  #1,000,000).
                  * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                  13 issues.

                  Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                  (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                  series as volume 3.


                  4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                  This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                  Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                  Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                  Age Flash Archives.

                  Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                  Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
                  in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
                  Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
                  Flash.

                  Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
                  number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
                  Earths: The Team-Ups and DC Classics: Flash of Two Worlds. Barry also
                  stars in most of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                  Wally West

                  Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                  TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
                  Heat, and Race Against Time.

                  Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
                  form (see the above link for a full list).

                  Bart Allen

                  The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                  Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                  a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                  Man Alive.


                  5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Twice?

                  According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                  has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                  set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                  out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                  Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                  things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                  back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                  like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                  Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                  The Flash: Rebirth.

                  Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                  they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                  like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                  and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                  From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                  posturing.


                  6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                  The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                  to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                  it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                  version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                  Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                  After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                  had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                  example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                  7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                  parents are related? Eeew!

                  Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                  forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                  Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                  But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                  Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                  25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                  it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                  marrying or having children.

                  Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                  Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                  genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                  8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                  The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                  power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
                  more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                  field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                  time.

                  Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                  Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                  in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                  During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
                  villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
                  With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
                  for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
                  to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
                  draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

                  In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
                  the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
                  but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
                  status quo.


                  9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                  During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                  Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                  been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                  with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                  Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                  disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                  As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                  Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                  Garrick.


                  10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                  their powers?

                  Wally's and Linda's children, Iris and Jai, grew rapidly (and at different
                  paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force. After only a
                  year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                  It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
                  molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
                  matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
                  super-strength.


                  11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                  During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                  on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                  there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                  rest of the world.

                  In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
                  right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                  it's now one year later, making him 21.

                  After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                  is a teenager again.


                  12. Who Killed Bart?

                  Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                  the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                  participated in the murder.

                  Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                  killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                  shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                  involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                  After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                  Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                  either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                  several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                  or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                  Mirror Master separating them.

                  Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                  in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                  though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                  In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                  trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                  Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                  sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                  Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                  killed.


                  13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                  The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                  alternate-reality stories.

                  Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                  Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                  heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                  heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                  had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                  some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                  Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                  groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                  Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                  parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                  alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                  months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                  particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                  be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                  still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                  Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                  stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                  comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                  only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                  used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                  lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                  After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                  parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                  similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                  The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                  http://travel.to/hypertime
                  A collection of articles written by various people, including
                  interview excerpts.

                  Time And Hypertime
                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                  This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                  dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                  in terms of Hypertime.


                  14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                  Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                  Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                  announcements.

                  Speed Force
                  http://speedforce.org/
                  Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                  DC Comics (official site)
                  http://www.dccomics.com/
                  Listings are posted three months ahead.

                  Other Comics News Sites
                  Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                  These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                  usually on the third Monday of the month


                  15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                  Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                  Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                  Speed Force
                  http://speedforce.org/
                  Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                  June 2008.

                  Crimson Lightning
                  http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                  Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                  The Unofficial Flash Index
                  http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                  Issues guide

                  DC Comics (official site)
                  http://www.dccomics.com
                  Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                  Universe

                  Wikipedia
                  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                  Information about the series and characters

                  You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  III. Rules and Guidelines

                  1. Courtesy and Language

                  Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                  Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                  follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                  Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                  over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                  colloquial meanings get lost.


                  2. Spoilers

                  Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                  don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                  country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                  and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                  line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                  story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                  people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                  3. Topics of Discussion

                  This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                  about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                  fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                  happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                  America, or any crossovers are also included.

                  Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                  the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                  subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                  people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                  same country as you.


                  4. Repeated comments/questions

                  Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                  Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                  or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                  etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                  done to death only a week before.

                  Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                  check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                  postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                  repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                  something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                  If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                  cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                  is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                  better) so others can look up the full posting.

                  If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                  discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                  The list is archived at
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  IV. How Do I...

                  1. How do I join?

                  There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                  ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                  web.


                  2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                  You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                  If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                  Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                  update your subject line to reflect this!


                  3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                  The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                  (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                  everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                  list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                  can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                  it.


                  4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                  I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                  The entire list is archived on the web at
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                  5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                  I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                  Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                  announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                  ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                  Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                  (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                  simply click on the link.


                  6. How do I get off this list?

                  If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                  yourself there.

                  Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                  ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                  FAQ Updated July 31, 2009
                • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                  Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                  Message 8 of 26 , Dec 1, 2009
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                    I. General Info

                    1. What is this list about?
                    2. Who maintains this list?
                    3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                    II. Comics/Flash Info

                    1. How many Flashes are there?
                    2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                    3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                    4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                    hardcover?
                    5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                    6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                    7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                    mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                    8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                    9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                    10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                    twins? What are their powers?
                    11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                    12. Who killed Bart?
                    13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                    14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                    issues?
                    15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                    III. Rules and Guidelines

                    1. Courtesy and Language
                    2. Spoilers
                    3. Topics
                    4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                    IV. How do I...

                    1. How do I join?
                    2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                    3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                    4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                    I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                    5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                    Lightning.
                    I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                    Can I just get the updates?
                    6. How do I get off this list?

                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    I. General Info

                    1. What is this list about?

                    Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                    2. Who maintains this list?

                    Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                    <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                    whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                    things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                    list, ridethelightning-announce.


                    3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                    Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                    abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                    here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                    AFAIK
                    As Far As I Know
                    IANAL
                    I Am Not A Lawyer
                    IIRC
                    If I Remember Correctly
                    IMHO
                    In My Humble Opinion
                    LOL
                    Laughing Out Loud
                    OT
                    Off-Topic
                    NT
                    No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                    ROTFL
                    Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                    ROTFLMAO
                    Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    II. Comics/Flash Info

                    1. How many Flashes are there?

                    Simple answer: Four.

                    1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                    by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                    Society of America.
                    2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                    Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis. He will likely
                    be the primary Flash by the end of 2009.
                    3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                    the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                    Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                    4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                    super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                    the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                    back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                    again Kid Flash.

                    Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                    each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                    Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                    future Flashes...


                    2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                    The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
                    appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through 2009.
                    It will be followed by the 3-issue Blackest Night: The Flash in December,
                    then two ongoing books, one focusing on the Flash and one on Kid Flash.
                    Additionally, they appear in the following series on a regular basis:

                    Barry Allen
                    Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                    Bart Allen
                    Will headline the new Kid Flash ongoing series launching about a
                    month later.

                    Jay Garrick
                    Justice Society of America

                    Wally West
                    The Titans, will appear in backup stories in the new Flash
                    ongoing.

                    Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                    Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                    3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                    * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                    * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                    * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                    it to #350.
                    * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                    Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                    * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                    #1,000,000).
                    * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                    13 issues.

                    Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                    (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                    series as volume 3.


                    4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                    This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                    Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                    Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                    Age Flash Archives.

                    Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                    Barry's first few appearances in Showcase, and Flash v.1 #105-132 appear
                    in five volumes of The Flash Archives. The Showcase appearances and
                    Flash v.1 #105-140 also appear in two volumes of Showcase Presents: The
                    Flash.

                    Several Superman/Flash races appear in the Superman vs. the Flash TPB. A
                    number of Barry/Jay crossovers appear in two volumes of Crisis on Multiple
                    Earths: The Team-Ups and DC Classics: Flash of Two Worlds. Barry also
                    stars in most of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                    Wally West

                    Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                    TPBs: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal Velocity, Dead
                    Heat, and Race Against Time.

                    Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run #164-225 has been collected in TPB
                    form (see the above link for a full list).

                    Bart Allen

                    The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                    Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                    a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                    Man Alive.


                    5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                    According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                    has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                    set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                    out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                    Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                    things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                    back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                    like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                    Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                    The Flash: Rebirth.

                    Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                    they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                    like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                    and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                    From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                    posturing.


                    6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                    The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                    to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                    it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                    version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                    Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                    After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                    had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                    example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                    7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                    parents are related? Eeew!

                    Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                    forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                    Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                    But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                    Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                    25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                    it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                    marrying or having children.

                    Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                    Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                    genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                    8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                    The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                    power. As speedsters approaches the speed of light, they begin to interact
                    more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                    field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                    time.

                    Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                    Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                    in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                    During Infinite Crisis, the Flash (Wally) and Kid Flash (Bart) trapped the
                    villainous Superboy-Prime in an alternate world beyond the speed force.
                    With the aid of Barry, Max, and Johnny Quick, they held Superboy prisoner
                    for several years. When he escaped, Bart absorbed the speed force in order
                    to return to the main universe ahead of him. Only Bart could sense it or
                    draw power from it, and doing so threatened to kill him.

                    In the final storyline in Bart's series, Inertia used a machine to extract
                    the speed force from Bart's body. He intended to take it all for himself,
                    but STAR Labs intern Valerie Perez managed to release it, restoring the
                    status quo.


                    9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                    During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                    Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                    been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                    with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                    Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                    disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                    As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                    Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                    Garrick.


                    10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                    their powers?

                    Wally's and Linda's children, Iris and Jai, grew rapidly (and at different
                    paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force. After only a
                    year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                    It also left them with unstable powers. At present, Iris can vibrate her
                    molecules and those of anything she touches, enabling her to phase through
                    matter. Jai is able to accelerate muscle growth, giving himself temporary
                    super-strength.


                    11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                    During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                    on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                    there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                    rest of the world.

                    In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart says that "a year ago" (i.e.
                    right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                    it's now one year later, making him 21.

                    After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                    is a teenager again.


                    12. Who Killed Bart?

                    Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                    the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                    participated in the murder.

                    Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                    killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                    shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                    involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                    After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                    Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                    either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                    several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                    or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                    Mirror Master separating them.

                    Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                    in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                    though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                    In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                    trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                    Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                    sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                    Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                    killed.


                    13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                    The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                    alternate-reality stories.

                    Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                    Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                    heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                    heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                    had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                    some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                    Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                    groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                    Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                    parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                    alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                    months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                    particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                    be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                    still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                    Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                    stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                    comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                    only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                    used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                    lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                    After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                    parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                    similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                    The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                    http://travel.to/hypertime
                    A collection of articles written by various people, including
                    interview excerpts.

                    Time And Hypertime
                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                    This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                    dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                    in terms of Hypertime.


                    14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                    Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                    Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                    announcements.

                    Speed Force
                    http://speedforce.org/
                    Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                    DC Comics (official site)
                    http://www.dccomics.com/
                    Listings are posted three months ahead.

                    Other Comics News Sites
                    Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                    These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                    usually on the third Monday of the month


                    15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                    Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                    Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                    Speed Force
                    http://speedforce.org/
                    Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                    June 2008.

                    Crimson Lightning
                    http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                    Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                    The Unofficial Flash Index
                    http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                    Issues guide

                    DC Comics (official site)
                    http://www.dccomics.com
                    Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                    Universe

                    Wikipedia
                    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                    Information about the series and characters

                    You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    III. Rules and Guidelines

                    1. Courtesy and Language

                    Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                    Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                    follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                    Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                    over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                    colloquial meanings get lost.


                    2. Spoilers

                    Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                    don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                    country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                    and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                    line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                    story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                    people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                    3. Topics of Discussion

                    This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                    about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                    fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                    happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                    America, or any crossovers are also included.

                    Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                    the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                    subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                    people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                    same country as you.


                    4. Repeated comments/questions

                    Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                    Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                    or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                    etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                    done to death only a week before.

                    Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                    check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                    postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                    repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                    something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                    If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                    cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                    is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                    better) so others can look up the full posting.

                    If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                    discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                    The list is archived at
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    IV. How Do I...

                    1. How do I join?

                    There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                    ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                    web.


                    2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                    You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                    If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                    Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                    update your subject line to reflect this!


                    3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                    The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                    (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                    everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                    list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                    can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                    it.


                    4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                    I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                    The entire list is archived on the web at
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                    5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                    I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                    Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                    announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                    ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                    Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                    (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                    simply click on the link.


                    6. How do I get off this list?

                    If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                    yourself there.

                    Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                    ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                    FAQ Updated November 1, 2009
                  • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                    Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                    Message 9 of 26 , Jan 1, 2010
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                      I. General Info

                      1. What is this list about?
                      2. Who maintains this list?
                      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                      II. Comics/Flash Info

                      1. How many Flashes are there?
                      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                      hardcover?
                      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                      mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                      10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                      twins? What are their powers?
                      11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                      12. Who killed Bart?
                      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                      issues?
                      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                      III. Rules and Guidelines

                      1. Courtesy and Language
                      2. Spoilers
                      3. Topics
                      4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                      IV. How do I...

                      1. How do I join?
                      2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                      4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                      I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                      Lightning.
                      I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                      Can I just get the updates?
                      6. How do I get off this list?

                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      I. General Info

                      1. What is this list about?

                      Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                      2. Who maintains this list?

                      Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                      <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                      whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                      things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                      list, ridethelightning-announce.


                      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                      Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                      abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                      here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                      AFAIK
                      As Far As I Know
                      IANAL
                      I Am Not A Lawyer
                      IIRC
                      If I Remember Correctly
                      IMHO
                      In My Humble Opinion
                      LOL
                      Laughing Out Loud
                      OT
                      Off-Topic
                      NT
                      No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                      ROTFL
                      Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                      ROTFLMAO
                      Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      II. Comics/Flash Info

                      1. How many Flashes are there?

                      Simple answer: Four.

                      1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                      by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                      Society of America.
                      2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                      Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                      primary Flash in 2009.
                      3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                      the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                      Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                      4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                      super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                      the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                      back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                      again Kid Flash.

                      Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                      each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                      Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                      future Flashes...


                      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                      The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
                      appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through early
                      2010. Barry Allen and Wally West appear in the 3-issue Blackest Night: The
                      Flash running December 2009 through February 2010. Two ongoing books, The
                      Flash and Kid Flash will launch in April 2010.

                      Barry Allen
                      Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                      Bart Allen
                      Will headline the new Kid Flash ongoing series launching about a
                      month later.

                      Jay Garrick
                      Justice Society of America

                      Wally West
                      The Titans, will appear in backup stories in the new Flash
                      ongoing.

                      Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                      Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                      * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                      * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                      * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                      it to #350.
                      * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                      Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                      * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                      #1,000,000).
                      * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                      13 issues.

                      Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                      (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                      series as volume 3.


                      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                      This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                      Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                      Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                      Age Flash Archives.

                      Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                      Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                      * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                      * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                      * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                      volumes through Flash #161.

                      DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                      Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                      of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                      Wally West

                      Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                      trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                      Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                      The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                      Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                      Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                      TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                      Bart Allen

                      The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                      Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                      a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                      Man Alive.


                      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                      According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                      has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                      set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                      out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                      Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                      things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                      back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                      like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                      Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                      The Flash: Rebirth.

                      Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                      they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                      like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                      and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                      From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                      posturing.


                      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                      The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                      to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                      it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                      version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                      Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                      After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                      had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                      example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                      parents are related? Eeew!

                      Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                      forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                      Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                      But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                      Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                      25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                      it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                      marrying or having children.

                      Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                      Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                      genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                      The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                      power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                      more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                      field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                      time.

                      Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                      Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                      in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                      During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                      created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                      running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                      is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                      other times and dimensions.


                      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                      During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                      Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                      been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                      with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                      Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                      disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                      As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                      Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                      Garrick.


                      10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                      their powers?

                      Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                      different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                      After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                      It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                      could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                      through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                      temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                      single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                      connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                      11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                      During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                      on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                      there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                      rest of the world.

                      In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                      right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                      "one year later" he would be 21.

                      After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                      is a teenager again.


                      12. Who Killed Bart?

                      Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                      the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                      participated in the murder.

                      Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                      killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                      shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                      involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                      After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                      Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                      either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                      several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                      or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                      Mirror Master separating them.

                      Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                      in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                      though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                      In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                      trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                      Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                      sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                      Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                      killed.


                      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                      The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                      alternate-reality stories.

                      Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                      Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                      heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                      heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                      had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                      some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                      Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                      groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                      Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                      parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                      alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                      months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                      particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                      be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                      still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                      Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                      stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                      comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                      only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                      used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                      lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                      After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                      parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                      similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                      The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                      http://travel.to/hypertime
                      A collection of articles written by various people, including
                      interview excerpts.

                      Time And Hypertime
                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                      This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                      dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                      in terms of Hypertime.


                      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                      Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                      announcements.

                      Speed Force
                      http://speedforce.org/
                      Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                      DC Comics (official site)
                      http://www.dccomics.com/
                      Listings are posted three months ahead.

                      Other Comics News Sites
                      Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                      These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                      usually on the third Monday of the month


                      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                      Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                      Speed Force
                      http://speedforce.org/
                      Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                      June 2008.

                      Crimson Lightning
                      http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                      Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                      The Unofficial Flash Index
                      http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                      Issues guide

                      DC Comics (official site)
                      http://www.dccomics.com
                      Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                      Universe

                      Wikipedia
                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                      Information about the series and characters

                      You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      III. Rules and Guidelines

                      1. Courtesy and Language

                      Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                      Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                      follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                      Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                      over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                      colloquial meanings get lost.


                      2. Spoilers

                      Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                      don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                      country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                      and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                      line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                      story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                      people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                      3. Topics of Discussion

                      This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                      about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                      fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                      happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                      America, or any crossovers are also included.

                      Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                      the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                      subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                      people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                      same country as you.


                      4. Repeated comments/questions

                      Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                      Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                      or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                      etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                      done to death only a week before.

                      Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                      check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                      postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                      repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                      something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                      If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                      cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                      is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                      better) so others can look up the full posting.

                      If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                      discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                      The list is archived at
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      IV. How Do I...

                      1. How do I join?

                      There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                      ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                      web.


                      2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                      You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                      If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                      Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                      update your subject line to reflect this!


                      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                      The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                      (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                      everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                      list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                      can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                      it.


                      4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                      I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                      The entire list is archived on the web at
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                      I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                      Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                      announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                      ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                      Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                      (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                      simply click on the link.


                      6. How do I get off this list?

                      If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                      yourself there.

                      Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                      ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                      FAQ Updated December 6, 2009
                    • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                      Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                      Message 10 of 26 , Feb 1 4:34 AM
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                        I. General Info

                        1. What is this list about?
                        2. Who maintains this list?
                        3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                        II. Comics/Flash Info

                        1. How many Flashes are there?
                        2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                        3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                        4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                        hardcover?
                        5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                        6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                        7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                        mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                        8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                        9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                        10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                        twins? What are their powers?
                        11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                        12. Who killed Bart?
                        13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                        14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                        issues?
                        15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                        III. Rules and Guidelines

                        1. Courtesy and Language
                        2. Spoilers
                        3. Topics
                        4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                        IV. How do I...

                        1. How do I join?
                        2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                        3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                        4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                        I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                        5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                        Lightning.
                        I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                        Can I just get the updates?
                        6. How do I get off this list?

                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        I. General Info

                        1. What is this list about?

                        Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                        2. Who maintains this list?

                        Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                        <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                        whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                        things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                        list, ridethelightning-announce.


                        3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                        Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                        abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                        here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                        AFAIK
                        As Far As I Know
                        IANAL
                        I Am Not A Lawyer
                        IIRC
                        If I Remember Correctly
                        IMHO
                        In My Humble Opinion
                        LOL
                        Laughing Out Loud
                        OT
                        Off-Topic
                        NT
                        No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                        ROTFL
                        Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                        ROTFLMAO
                        Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        II. Comics/Flash Info

                        1. How many Flashes are there?

                        Simple answer: Four.

                        1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                        by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                        Society of America.
                        2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                        Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                        primary Flash in 2009.
                        3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                        the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                        Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                        4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                        super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                        the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                        back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                        again Kid Flash.

                        Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                        each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                        Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                        future Flashes...


                        2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                        The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008. All four Flashes are
                        appearing in the 6-issue miniseries Flash: Rebirth running through early
                        2010. Barry Allen and Wally West appear in the 3-issue Blackest Night: The
                        Flash running December 2009 through February 2010. Two ongoing books, The
                        Flash and Kid Flash will launch in April 2010.

                        Barry Allen
                        Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                        Bart Allen
                        Will headline the new Kid Flash ongoing series launching about a
                        month later.

                        Jay Garrick
                        Justice Society of America

                        Wally West
                        The Titans, will appear in backup stories in the new Flash
                        ongoing.

                        Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                        Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                        3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                        * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                        * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                        * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                        it to #350.
                        * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                        Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                        * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                        #1,000,000).
                        * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                        13 issues.

                        Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                        (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                        series as volume 3.


                        4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                        This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                        Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                        Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                        Age Flash Archives.

                        Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                        Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                        * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                        * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                        * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                        volumes through Flash #161.

                        DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                        Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                        of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                        Wally West

                        Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                        trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                        Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                        The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                        Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                        Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                        TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                        Bart Allen

                        The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                        Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                        a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                        Man Alive.


                        5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                        According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                        has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                        set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                        out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                        Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                        things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                        back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                        like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                        Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                        The Flash: Rebirth.

                        Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                        they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                        like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                        and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                        From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                        posturing.


                        6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                        The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                        to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                        it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                        version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                        Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                        After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                        had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                        example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                        7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                        parents are related? Eeew!

                        Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                        forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                        Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                        But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                        Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                        25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                        it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                        marrying or having children.

                        Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                        Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                        genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                        8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                        The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                        power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                        more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                        field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                        time.

                        Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                        Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                        in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                        During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                        created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                        running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                        is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                        other times and dimensions.


                        9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                        During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                        Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                        been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                        with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                        Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                        disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                        As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                        Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                        Garrick.


                        10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                        their powers?

                        Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                        different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                        After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                        It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                        could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                        through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                        temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                        single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                        connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                        11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                        During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                        on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                        there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                        rest of the world.

                        In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                        right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                        "one year later" he would be 21.

                        After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                        is a teenager again.


                        12. Who Killed Bart?

                        Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                        the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                        participated in the murder.

                        Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                        killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                        shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                        involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                        After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                        Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                        either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                        several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                        or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                        Mirror Master separating them.

                        Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                        in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                        though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                        In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                        trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                        Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                        sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                        Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                        killed.


                        13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                        The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                        alternate-reality stories.

                        Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                        Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                        heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                        heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                        had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                        some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                        Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                        groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                        Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                        parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                        alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                        months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                        particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                        be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                        still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                        Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                        stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                        comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                        only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                        used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                        lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                        After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                        parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                        similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                        The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                        http://travel.to/hypertime
                        A collection of articles written by various people, including
                        interview excerpts.

                        Time And Hypertime
                        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                        This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                        dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                        in terms of Hypertime.


                        14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                        Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                        Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                        announcements.

                        Speed Force
                        http://speedforce.org/
                        Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                        DC Comics (official site)
                        http://www.dccomics.com/
                        Listings are posted three months ahead.

                        Other Comics News Sites
                        Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                        These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                        usually on the third Monday of the month


                        15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                        Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                        Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                        Speed Force
                        http://speedforce.org/
                        Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                        June 2008.

                        Crimson Lightning
                        http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                        Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                        The Unofficial Flash Index
                        http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                        Issues guide

                        DC Comics (official site)
                        http://www.dccomics.com
                        Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                        Universe

                        Wikipedia
                        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                        Information about the series and characters

                        You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        III. Rules and Guidelines

                        1. Courtesy and Language

                        Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                        Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                        follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                        Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                        over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                        colloquial meanings get lost.


                        2. Spoilers

                        Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                        don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                        country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                        and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                        line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                        story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                        people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                        3. Topics of Discussion

                        This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                        about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                        fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                        happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                        America, or any crossovers are also included.

                        Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                        the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                        subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                        people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                        same country as you.


                        4. Repeated comments/questions

                        Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                        Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                        or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                        etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                        done to death only a week before.

                        Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                        check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                        postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                        repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                        something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                        If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                        cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                        is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                        better) so others can look up the full posting.

                        If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                        discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                        The list is archived at
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        IV. How Do I...

                        1. How do I join?

                        There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                        ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                        web.


                        2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                        You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                        If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                        Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                        update your subject line to reflect this!


                        3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                        The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                        (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                        everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                        list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                        can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                        it.


                        4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                        I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                        The entire list is archived on the web at
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                        5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                        I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                        Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                        announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                        ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                        Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                        http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                        (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                        simply click on the link.


                        6. How do I get off this list?

                        If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                        yourself there.

                        Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                        ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                        --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                        FAQ Updated December 6, 2009
                      • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                        Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                        Message 11 of 26 , Mar 1, 2010
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                          I. General Info

                          1. What is this list about?
                          2. Who maintains this list?
                          3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                          II. Comics/Flash Info

                          1. How many Flashes are there?
                          2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                          3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                          4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                          hardcover?
                          5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                          6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                          7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                          mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                          8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                          9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                          10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                          twins? What are their powers?
                          11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                          12. Who killed Bart?
                          13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                          14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                          issues?
                          15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                          III. Rules and Guidelines

                          1. Courtesy and Language
                          2. Spoilers
                          3. Topics
                          4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                          IV. How do I...

                          1. How do I join?
                          2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                          3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                          4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                          I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                          5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                          Lightning.
                          I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                          Can I just get the updates?
                          6. How do I get off this list?

                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          I. General Info

                          1. What is this list about?

                          Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                          2. Who maintains this list?

                          Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                          <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                          whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                          things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                          list, ridethelightning-announce.


                          3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                          Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                          abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                          here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                          AFAIK
                          As Far As I Know
                          IANAL
                          I Am Not A Lawyer
                          IIRC
                          If I Remember Correctly
                          IMHO
                          In My Humble Opinion
                          LOL
                          Laughing Out Loud
                          OT
                          Off-Topic
                          NT
                          No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                          ROTFL
                          Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                          ROTFLMAO
                          Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          II. Comics/Flash Info

                          1. How many Flashes are there?

                          Simple answer: Four.

                          1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                          by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                          Society of America.
                          2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                          Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                          primary Flash in 2009.
                          3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                          the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                          Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                          4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                          super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                          the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                          back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                          again Kid Flash.

                          Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                          each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                          Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                          future Flashes...


                          2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                          The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008 to make room for Flash:
                          Rebirth. The new Flash series launches in April 2010.

                          Barry Allen
                          Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                          Bart Allen
                          None, may appear in Teen Titans.

                          Jay Garrick
                          Justice Society of America

                          Wally West
                          None, will likely guest-star in Flash .

                          Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                          Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                          3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                          * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                          * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                          * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                          it to #350.
                          * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                          Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                          * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                          #1,000,000).
                          * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                          13 issues.

                          Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                          (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                          series as volume 3.


                          4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                          This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                          Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                          Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                          Age Flash Archives.

                          Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                          Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                          * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                          * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                          * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                          volumes through Flash #161.

                          DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                          Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                          of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                          Wally West

                          Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                          trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                          Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                          The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                          Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                          Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                          TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                          Bart Allen

                          The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                          Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                          a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                          Man Alive.


                          5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                          According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                          has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                          set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                          out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                          Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                          things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                          back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                          like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                          Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                          The Flash: Rebirth.

                          Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                          they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                          like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                          and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                          From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                          posturing.


                          6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                          The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                          to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                          it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                          version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                          Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                          After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                          had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                          example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                          7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                          parents are related? Eeew!

                          Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                          forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                          Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                          But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                          Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                          25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                          it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                          marrying or having children.

                          Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                          Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                          genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                          8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                          The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                          power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                          more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                          field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                          time.

                          Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                          Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                          in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                          During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                          created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                          running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                          is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                          other times and dimensions.


                          9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                          During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                          Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                          been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                          with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                          Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                          disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                          As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                          Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                          Garrick.


                          10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                          their powers?

                          Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                          different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                          After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                          It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                          could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                          through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                          temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                          single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                          connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                          11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                          During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                          on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                          there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                          rest of the world.

                          In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                          right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                          "one year later" he would be 21.

                          After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                          is a teenager again.


                          12. Who Killed Bart?

                          Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                          the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                          participated in the murder.

                          Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                          killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                          shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                          involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                          After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                          Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                          either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                          several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                          or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                          Mirror Master separating them.

                          Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                          in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                          though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                          In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                          trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                          Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                          sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                          Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                          killed.


                          13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                          The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                          alternate-reality stories.

                          Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                          Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                          heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                          heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                          had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                          some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                          Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                          groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                          Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                          parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                          alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                          months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                          particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                          be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                          still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                          Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                          stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                          comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                          only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                          used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                          lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                          After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                          parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                          similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                          The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                          http://travel.to/hypertime
                          A collection of articles written by various people, including
                          interview excerpts.

                          Time And Hypertime
                          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                          This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                          dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                          in terms of Hypertime.


                          14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                          Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                          Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                          announcements.

                          Speed Force
                          http://speedforce.org/
                          Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                          DC Comics (official site)
                          http://www.dccomics.com/
                          Listings are posted three months ahead.

                          Other Comics News Sites
                          Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                          These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                          usually on the third Monday of the month


                          15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                          Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                          Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                          Speed Force
                          http://speedforce.org/
                          Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                          June 2008.

                          Crimson Lightning
                          http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                          Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                          The Unofficial Flash Index
                          http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                          Issues guide

                          DC Comics (official site)
                          http://www.dccomics.com
                          Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                          Universe

                          Wikipedia
                          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                          Information about the series and characters

                          You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          III. Rules and Guidelines

                          1. Courtesy and Language

                          Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                          Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                          follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                          Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                          over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                          colloquial meanings get lost.


                          2. Spoilers

                          Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                          don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                          country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                          and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                          line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                          story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                          people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                          3. Topics of Discussion

                          This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                          about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                          fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                          happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                          America, or any crossovers are also included.

                          Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                          the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                          subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                          people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                          same country as you.


                          4. Repeated comments/questions

                          Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                          Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                          or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                          etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                          done to death only a week before.

                          Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                          check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                          postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                          repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                          something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                          If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                          cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                          is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                          better) so others can look up the full posting.

                          If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                          discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                          The list is archived at
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          IV. How Do I...

                          1. How do I join?

                          There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                          ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                          web.


                          2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                          You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                          If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                          Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                          update your subject line to reflect this!


                          3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                          The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                          (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                          everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                          list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                          can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                          it.


                          4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                          I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                          The entire list is archived on the web at
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                          5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                          I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                          Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                          announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                          ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                          Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                          http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                          (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                          simply click on the link.


                          6. How do I get off this list?

                          If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                          yourself there.

                          Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                          ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                          FAQ Updated February 6, 2010
                        • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                          Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                          Message 12 of 26 , Apr 1, 2010
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                            I. General Info

                            1. What is this list about?
                            2. Who maintains this list?
                            3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                            II. Comics/Flash Info

                            1. How many Flashes are there?
                            2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                            3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                            4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                            hardcover?
                            5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                            6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                            7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                            mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                            8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                            9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                            10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                            twins? What are their powers?
                            11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                            12. Who killed Bart?
                            13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                            14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                            issues?
                            15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                            III. Rules and Guidelines

                            1. Courtesy and Language
                            2. Spoilers
                            3. Topics
                            4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                            IV. How do I...

                            1. How do I join?
                            2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                            3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                            4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                            I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                            5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                            Lightning.
                            I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                            Can I just get the updates?
                            6. How do I get off this list?

                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            I. General Info

                            1. What is this list about?

                            Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                            2. Who maintains this list?

                            Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                            <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                            whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                            things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                            list, ridethelightning-announce.


                            3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                            Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                            abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                            here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                            AFAIK
                            As Far As I Know
                            IANAL
                            I Am Not A Lawyer
                            IIRC
                            If I Remember Correctly
                            IMHO
                            In My Humble Opinion
                            LOL
                            Laughing Out Loud
                            OT
                            Off-Topic
                            NT
                            No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                            ROTFL
                            Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                            ROTFLMAO
                            Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            II. Comics/Flash Info

                            1. How many Flashes are there?

                            Simple answer: Four.

                            1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                            by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                            Society of America.
                            2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                            Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                            primary Flash in 2009.
                            3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                            the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                            Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                            4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                            super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                            the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                            back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                            again Kid Flash.

                            Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                            each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                            Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                            future Flashes...


                            2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                            The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008 to make room for Flash:
                            Rebirth. The new Flash series launches in April 2010.

                            Barry Allen
                            Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                            Bart Allen
                            Returning to Teen Titans.

                            Jay Garrick
                            Justice Society of America

                            Wally West
                            None, will likely guest-star in Flash .

                            Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                            Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                            3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                            * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                            * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                            * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                            it to #350.
                            * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                            Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                            * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                            #1,000,000).
                            * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                            13 issues.

                            Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                            (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                            series as volume 3.


                            4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                            This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                            Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                            Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                            Age Flash Archives.

                            Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                            Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                            * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                            * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                            * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                            volumes through Flash #161.

                            DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                            Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                            of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                            Wally West

                            Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                            trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                            Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                            The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                            Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                            Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                            TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                            Bart Allen

                            The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                            Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                            a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                            Man Alive.


                            5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                            According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                            has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                            set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                            out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                            Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                            things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                            back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                            like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                            Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                            The Flash: Rebirth.

                            Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                            they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                            like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                            and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                            From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                            posturing.


                            6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                            The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                            to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                            it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                            version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                            Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                            After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                            had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                            example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                            7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                            parents are related? Eeew!

                            Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                            forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                            Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                            But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                            Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                            25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                            it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                            marrying or having children.

                            Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                            Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                            genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                            8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                            The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                            power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                            more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                            field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                            time.

                            Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                            Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                            in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                            During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                            created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                            running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                            is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                            other times and dimensions.


                            9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                            During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                            Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                            been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                            with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                            Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                            disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                            As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                            Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                            Garrick.


                            10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                            their powers?

                            Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                            different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                            After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                            It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                            could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                            through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                            temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                            single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                            connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                            11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                            During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                            on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                            there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                            rest of the world.

                            In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                            right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                            "one year later" he would be 21.

                            After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                            is a teenager again.


                            12. Who Killed Bart?

                            Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                            the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                            participated in the murder.

                            Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                            killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                            shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                            involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                            After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                            Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                            either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                            several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                            or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                            Mirror Master separating them.

                            Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                            in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                            though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                            In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                            trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                            Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                            sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                            Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                            killed.


                            13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                            The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                            alternate-reality stories.

                            Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                            Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                            heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                            heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                            had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                            some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                            Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                            groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                            Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                            parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                            alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                            months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                            particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                            be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                            still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                            Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                            stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                            comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                            only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                            used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                            lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                            After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                            parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                            similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                            The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                            http://travel.to/hypertime
                            A collection of articles written by various people, including
                            interview excerpts.

                            Time And Hypertime
                            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                            This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                            dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                            in terms of Hypertime.


                            14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                            Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                            Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                            announcements.

                            Speed Force
                            http://speedforce.org/
                            Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                            DC Comics (official site)
                            http://www.dccomics.com/
                            Listings are posted three months ahead.

                            Other Comics News Sites
                            Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                            These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                            usually on the third Monday of the month


                            15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                            Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                            Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                            Speed Force
                            http://speedforce.org/
                            Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                            June 2008.

                            Crimson Lightning
                            http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                            Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                            The Unofficial Flash Index
                            http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                            Issues guide

                            DC Comics (official site)
                            http://www.dccomics.com
                            Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                            Universe

                            Wikipedia
                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                            Information about the series and characters

                            You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            III. Rules and Guidelines

                            1. Courtesy and Language

                            Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                            Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                            follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                            Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                            over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                            colloquial meanings get lost.


                            2. Spoilers

                            Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                            don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                            country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                            and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                            line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                            story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                            people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                            3. Topics of Discussion

                            This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                            about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                            fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                            happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                            America, or any crossovers are also included.

                            Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                            the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                            subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                            people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                            same country as you.


                            4. Repeated comments/questions

                            Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                            Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                            or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                            etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                            done to death only a week before.

                            Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                            check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                            postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                            repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                            something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                            If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                            cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                            is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                            better) so others can look up the full posting.

                            If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                            discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                            The list is archived at
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            IV. How Do I...

                            1. How do I join?

                            There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                            ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                            web.


                            2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                            You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                            If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                            Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                            update your subject line to reflect this!


                            3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                            The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                            (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                            everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                            list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                            can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                            it.


                            4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                            I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                            The entire list is archived on the web at
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                            5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                            I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                            Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                            announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                            ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                            Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                            http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                            (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                            simply click on the link.


                            6. How do I get off this list?

                            If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                            yourself there.

                            Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                            ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                            FAQ Updated March 15, 2010
                          • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                            Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                            Message 13 of 26 , May 1, 2010
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                              I. General Info

                              1. What is this list about?
                              2. Who maintains this list?
                              3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                              II. Comics/Flash Info

                              1. How many Flashes are there?
                              2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                              3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                              4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                              hardcover?
                              5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                              6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                              7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                              mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                              8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                              9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                              10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                              twins? What are their powers?
                              11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                              12. Who killed Bart?
                              13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                              14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                              issues?
                              15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                              III. Rules and Guidelines

                              1. Courtesy and Language
                              2. Spoilers
                              3. Topics
                              4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                              IV. How do I...

                              1. How do I join?
                              2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                              3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                              4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                              I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                              5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                              Lightning.
                              I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                              Can I just get the updates?
                              6. How do I get off this list?

                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              I. General Info

                              1. What is this list about?

                              Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                              2. Who maintains this list?

                              Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                              <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                              whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                              things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                              list, ridethelightning-announce.


                              3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                              Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                              abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                              here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                              AFAIK
                              As Far As I Know
                              IANAL
                              I Am Not A Lawyer
                              IIRC
                              If I Remember Correctly
                              IMHO
                              In My Humble Opinion
                              LOL
                              Laughing Out Loud
                              OT
                              Off-Topic
                              NT
                              No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                              ROTFL
                              Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                              ROTFLMAO
                              Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              II. Comics/Flash Info

                              1. How many Flashes are there?

                              Simple answer: Four.

                              1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                              by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                              Society of America.
                              2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                              Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                              primary Flash in 2009.
                              3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                              the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                              Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                              4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                              super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                              the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                              back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                              again Kid Flash.

                              Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                              each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                              Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                              future Flashes...


                              2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                              The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008 to make room for Flash:
                              Rebirth. The new Flash series launches in April 2010.

                              Barry Allen
                              Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                              Bart Allen
                              Returning to Teen Titans.

                              Jay Garrick
                              Justice Society of America

                              Wally West
                              None, will likely guest-star in Flash .

                              Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                              Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                              3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                              * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                              * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                              * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                              it to #350.
                              * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                              Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                              * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                              #1,000,000).
                              * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                              13 issues.

                              Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                              (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                              series as volume 3.


                              4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                              This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                              Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                              Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                              Age Flash Archives.

                              Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                              Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                              * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                              * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                              * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                              volumes through Flash #161.

                              DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                              Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                              of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                              Wally West

                              Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                              trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                              Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                              The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                              Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                              Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                              TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                              Bart Allen

                              The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                              Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                              a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                              Man Alive.


                              5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                              According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                              has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                              set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                              out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                              Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                              things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                              back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                              like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                              Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                              The Flash: Rebirth.

                              Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                              they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                              like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                              and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                              From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                              posturing.


                              6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                              The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                              to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                              it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                              version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                              Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                              After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                              had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                              example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                              7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                              parents are related? Eeew!

                              Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                              forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                              Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                              But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                              Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                              25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                              it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                              marrying or having children.

                              Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                              Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                              genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                              8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                              The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                              power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                              more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                              field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                              time.

                              Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                              Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                              in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                              During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                              created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                              running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                              is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                              other times and dimensions.


                              9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                              During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                              Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                              been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                              with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                              Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                              disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                              As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                              Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                              Garrick.


                              10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                              their powers?

                              Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                              different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                              After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                              It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                              could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                              through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                              temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                              single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                              connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                              11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                              During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                              on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                              there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                              rest of the world.

                              In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                              right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                              "one year later" he would be 21.

                              After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                              is a teenager again.


                              12. Who Killed Bart?

                              Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                              the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                              participated in the murder.

                              Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                              killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                              shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                              involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                              After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                              Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                              either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                              several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                              or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                              Mirror Master separating them.

                              Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                              in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                              though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                              In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                              trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                              Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                              sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                              Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                              killed.


                              13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                              The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                              alternate-reality stories.

                              Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                              Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                              heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                              heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                              had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                              some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                              Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                              groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                              Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                              parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                              alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                              months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                              particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                              be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                              still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                              Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                              stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                              comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                              only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                              used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                              lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                              After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                              parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                              similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                              The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                              http://travel.to/hypertime
                              A collection of articles written by various people, including
                              interview excerpts.

                              Time And Hypertime
                              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                              This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                              dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                              in terms of Hypertime.


                              14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                              Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                              Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                              announcements.

                              Speed Force
                              http://speedforce.org/
                              Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                              DC Comics (official site)
                              http://www.dccomics.com/
                              Listings are posted three months ahead.

                              Other Comics News Sites
                              Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                              These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                              usually on the third Monday of the month


                              15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                              Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                              Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                              Speed Force
                              http://speedforce.org/
                              Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                              June 2008.

                              Crimson Lightning
                              http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                              Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                              The Unofficial Flash Index
                              http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                              Issues guide

                              DC Comics (official site)
                              http://www.dccomics.com
                              Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                              Universe

                              Wikipedia
                              http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                              Information about the series and characters

                              You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              III. Rules and Guidelines

                              1. Courtesy and Language

                              Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                              Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                              follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                              Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                              over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                              colloquial meanings get lost.


                              2. Spoilers

                              Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                              don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                              country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                              and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                              line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                              story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                              people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                              3. Topics of Discussion

                              This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                              about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                              fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                              happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                              America, or any crossovers are also included.

                              Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                              the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                              subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                              people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                              same country as you.


                              4. Repeated comments/questions

                              Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                              Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                              or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                              etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                              done to death only a week before.

                              Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                              check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                              postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                              repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                              something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                              If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                              cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                              is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                              better) so others can look up the full posting.

                              If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                              discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                              The list is archived at
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              IV. How Do I...

                              1. How do I join?

                              There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                              ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                              web.


                              2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                              You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                              If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                              Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                              update your subject line to reflect this!


                              3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                              The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                              (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                              everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                              list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                              can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                              it.


                              4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                              I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                              The entire list is archived on the web at
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                              5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                              I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                              Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                              announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                              ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                              Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                              http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                              (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                              simply click on the link.


                              6. How do I get off this list?

                              If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                              yourself there.

                              Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                              ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                              FAQ Updated March 15, 2010
                            • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                              Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                              Message 14 of 26 , Jun 1, 2010
                              • 0 Attachment
                                Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                                I. General Info

                                1. What is this list about?
                                2. Who maintains this list?
                                3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                II. Comics/Flash Info

                                1. How many Flashes are there?
                                2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                                3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                                4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                                hardcover?
                                5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                                6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                                7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                                mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                                8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                                9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                                10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                                twins? What are their powers?
                                11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                                12. Who killed Bart?
                                13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                                14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                                issues?
                                15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                III. Rules and Guidelines

                                1. Courtesy and Language
                                2. Spoilers
                                3. Topics
                                4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                                IV. How do I...

                                1. How do I join?
                                2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                                3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                                4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                                I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                                5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                                Lightning.
                                I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                                Can I just get the updates?
                                6. How do I get off this list?

                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                I. General Info

                                1. What is this list about?

                                Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                                2. Who maintains this list?

                                Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                                <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                                whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                                things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                                list, ridethelightning-announce.


                                3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                                abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                                here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                                AFAIK
                                As Far As I Know
                                IANAL
                                I Am Not A Lawyer
                                IIRC
                                If I Remember Correctly
                                IMHO
                                In My Humble Opinion
                                LOL
                                Laughing Out Loud
                                OT
                                Off-Topic
                                NT
                                No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                                ROTFL
                                Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                                ROTFLMAO
                                Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                II. Comics/Flash Info

                                1. How many Flashes are there?

                                Simple answer: Four.

                                1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                                by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                                Society of America.
                                2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                                Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                                primary Flash in 2009.
                                3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                                the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                                Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                                4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                                super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                                the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                                back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                                again Kid Flash.

                                Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                                each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                                Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                                future Flashes...


                                2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                                The monthly Flash series ended in December 2008 to make room for Flash:
                                Rebirth. The new Flash series launches in April 2010.

                                Barry Allen
                                Will headline the new Flash ongoing series launching spring 2010.

                                Bart Allen
                                Returning to Teen Titans.

                                Jay Garrick
                                Justice Society of America

                                Wally West
                                None, will likely guest-star in Flash .

                                Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                                Super-Friends and Tiny Titans, respectively.


                                3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                                * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                                * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                                * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                                it to #350.
                                * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                                Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                                * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                                #1,000,000).
                                * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                                13 issues.

                                Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                                (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                                series as volume 3.


                                4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                                This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                                Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                                Age Flash Archives.

                                Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                                Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                                * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                                * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                                * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                                volumes through Flash #161.

                                DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                                Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                                of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                                Wally West

                                Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                                trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                                Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                                The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                                Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                                Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                                TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                                Bart Allen

                                The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                                Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                                a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                                Man Alive.


                                5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                                According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                                has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                                set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                                out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                                Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                                things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                                back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                                like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                                Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                                The Flash: Rebirth.

                                Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                                they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                                like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                                and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                                From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                                posturing.


                                6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                                The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                                to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                                it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                                version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                                Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                                After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                                had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                                example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                                7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                                parents are related? Eeew!

                                Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                                forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                                Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                                But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                                Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                                25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                                it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                                marrying or having children.

                                Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                                Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                                genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                                8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                                The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                                power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                                more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                                field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                                time.

                                Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                                Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                                in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                                During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                                created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                                running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                                is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                                other times and dimensions.


                                9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                                During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                                Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                                been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                                with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                                Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                                disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                                As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                                Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                                Garrick.


                                10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                                their powers?

                                Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                                different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                                After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                                It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                                could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                                through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                                temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                                single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                                connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                                11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?

                                During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                                on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                                there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                                rest of the world.

                                In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                                right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                                "one year later" he would be 21.

                                After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                                is a teenager again.


                                12. Who Killed Bart?

                                Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                                the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                                participated in the murder.

                                Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                                killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                                shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                                involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                                After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                                Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                                either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                                several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                                or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                                Mirror Master separating them.

                                Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                                in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                                though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                                In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                                trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                                Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                                sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                                Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                                killed.


                                13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                                The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                                alternate-reality stories.

                                Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                                Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                                heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                                heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                                had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                                some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                                Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                                groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                                Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                                parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                                alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                                months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                                particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                                be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                                still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                                Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                                stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                                comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                                only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                                used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                                lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                                After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                                parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                                similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                                The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                                http://travel.to/hypertime
                                A collection of articles written by various people, including
                                interview excerpts.

                                Time And Hypertime
                                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                                This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                                dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                                in terms of Hypertime.


                                14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                                Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                                Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                                announcements.

                                Speed Force
                                http://speedforce.org/
                                Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                                DC Comics (official site)
                                http://www.dccomics.com/
                                Listings are posted three months ahead.

                                Other Comics News Sites
                                Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                                These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                                usually on the third Monday of the month


                                15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                                Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                                Speed Force
                                http://speedforce.org/
                                Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more. Launched
                                June 2008.

                                Crimson Lightning
                                http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                                Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                                The Unofficial Flash Index
                                http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                                Issues guide

                                DC Comics (official site)
                                http://www.dccomics.com
                                Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                                Universe

                                Wikipedia
                                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                                Information about the series and characters

                                You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                III. Rules and Guidelines

                                1. Courtesy and Language

                                Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                                Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                                follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                                Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                                over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                                colloquial meanings get lost.


                                2. Spoilers

                                Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                                don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                                country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                                and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                                line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                                story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                                people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                                3. Topics of Discussion

                                This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                                about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                                fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                                happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                                America, or any crossovers are also included.

                                Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                                the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                                subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                                people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                                same country as you.


                                4. Repeated comments/questions

                                Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                                Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                                or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                                etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                                done to death only a week before.

                                Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                                check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                                postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                                repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                                something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                                If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                                cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                                is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                                better) so others can look up the full posting.

                                If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                                discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                                The list is archived at
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                IV. How Do I...

                                1. How do I join?

                                There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                                ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                                web.


                                2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                                You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                                If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                                Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                                update your subject line to reflect this!


                                3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                                The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                                (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                                everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                                list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                                can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                                it.


                                4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                                I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                                The entire list is archived on the web at
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                                5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                                I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                                Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                                announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                                ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                                Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                                http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                                (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                                simply click on the link.


                                6. How do I get off this list?

                                If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                                yourself there.

                                Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                                ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                                FAQ Updated March 15, 2010
                              • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                                Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                                Message 15 of 26 , Jul 1, 2010
                                • 0 Attachment
                                  Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                                  I. General Info

                                  1. What is this list about?
                                  2. Who maintains this list?
                                  3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                  II. Comics/Flash Info

                                  1. How many Flashes are there?
                                  2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                                  3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                                  4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                                  hardcover?
                                  5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                                  6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                                  7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                                  mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                                  8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                                  9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                                  10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                                  twins? What are their powers?
                                  11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                                  12. Who killed Bart?
                                  13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                                  14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                                  issues?
                                  15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                  III. Rules and Guidelines

                                  1. Courtesy and Language
                                  2. Spoilers
                                  3. Topics
                                  4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                                  IV. How do I...

                                  1. How do I join?
                                  2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                                  3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                                  4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                                  I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                                  5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                                  Lightning.
                                  I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                                  Can I just get the updates?
                                  6. How do I get off this list?

                                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                  I. General Info

                                  1. What is this list about?

                                  Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                                  2. Who maintains this list?

                                  Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                                  <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                                  whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                                  things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                                  list, ridethelightning-announce.


                                  3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                  Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                                  abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                                  here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                                  AFAIK
                                  As Far As I Know
                                  IANAL
                                  I Am Not A Lawyer
                                  IIRC
                                  If I Remember Correctly
                                  IMHO
                                  In My Humble Opinion
                                  LOL
                                  Laughing Out Loud
                                  OT
                                  Off-Topic
                                  NT
                                  No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                                  ROTFL
                                  Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                                  ROTFLMAO
                                  Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                  II. Comics/Flash Info

                                  1. How many Flashes are there?

                                  Simple answer: Four.

                                  1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                                  by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                                  Society of America.
                                  2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                                  Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                                  primary Flash in 2009.
                                  3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                                  the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                                  Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                                  4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                                  super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                                  the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                                  back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                                  again Kid Flash.

                                  Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                                  each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                                  Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                                  future Flashes...


                                  2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                                  The monthly Flash series was relaunched starting at #1 in April 2010.

                                  Barry Allen
                                  The Flash

                                  Bart Allen
                                  Teen Titans

                                  Jay Garrick
                                  Justice Society of America

                                  Wally West
                                  None

                                  Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                                  Super-Friends and Tiny Titans.


                                  3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                                  * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                                  * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                                  * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                                  it to #350.
                                  * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                                  Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                                  * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                                  #1,000,000).
                                  * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                                  13 issues.
                                  * Flash volume 3 (2010 onward)

                                  There have been several Flash miniseries, as well...

                                  * Flash/Green Lantern: Faster Friends (2 issues, 1997)
                                  * Flashpoint (3 issues, 1999-2000)
                                  * Flash & Green Lantern: The Brave and the Bold (6 issues, 1999-2000)
                                  * Final Crisis: Rogues' Revenge (3 issues, 2008)
                                  * Flash: Rebirth (6 issues, 2009-2010)
                                  * Blackest Night: The Flash (3 issues, 2009-2010)

                                  ...and a dozen or so specials over the years. More info at
                                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                  Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                                  (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                                  series as volume 3.


                                  4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                                  This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                  Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                                  Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                                  Age Flash Archives.

                                  Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                                  Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                                  * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                                  * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                                  * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                                  volumes through Flash #161.

                                  DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                                  Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                                  of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                                  Wally West

                                  Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                                  trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                                  Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                                  The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                                  Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                                  Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                                  TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                                  Bart Allen

                                  The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                                  Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                                  a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                                  Man Alive.


                                  5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                                  According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                                  has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                                  set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                                  out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                                  Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                                  things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                                  back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                                  like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                                  Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                                  The Flash: Rebirth.

                                  Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                                  they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                                  like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                                  and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                                  From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                                  posturing.


                                  6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                                  The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                                  to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                                  it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                                  version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                                  Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                                  After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                                  had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                                  example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                                  7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                                  parents are related? Eeew!

                                  Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                                  forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                                  Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                                  But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                                  Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                                  25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                                  it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                                  marrying or having children.

                                  Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                                  Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                                  genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                                  8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                                  The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                                  power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                                  more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                                  field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                                  time.

                                  Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                                  Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                                  in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                                  During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                                  created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                                  running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                                  is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                                  other times and dimensions.


                                  9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                                  During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                                  Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                                  been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                                  with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                                  Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                                  disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                                  As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                                  Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                                  Garrick.


                                  10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                                  their powers?

                                  Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                                  different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                                  After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                                  It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                                  could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                                  through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                                  temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                                  single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                                  connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                                  11. Why is Bart older in Flash: The Fastest Man Alive?

                                  During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                                  on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                                  there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                                  rest of the world.

                                  In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                                  right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                                  "one year later" he would be 21.

                                  After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                                  is a teenager again.


                                  12. Who Killed Bart?

                                  Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                                  the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                                  participated in the murder.

                                  Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                                  killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                                  shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                                  involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                                  After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                                  Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                                  either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                                  several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                                  or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                                  Mirror Master separating them.

                                  Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                                  in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                                  though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                                  In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                                  trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                                  Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                                  sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                                  Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                                  killed.


                                  13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                                  The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                                  alternate-reality stories.

                                  Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                                  Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                                  heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                                  heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                                  had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                                  some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                                  Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                                  groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                                  Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                                  parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                                  alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                                  months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                                  particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                                  be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                                  still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                                  Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                                  stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                                  comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                                  only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                                  used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                                  lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                                  After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                                  parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                                  similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                                  The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                                  http://travel.to/hypertime
                                  A collection of articles written by various people, including
                                  interview excerpts.

                                  Time And Hypertime
                                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                                  This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                                  dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                                  in terms of Hypertime.


                                  14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                                  Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                                  Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                                  announcements.

                                  Speed Force
                                  http://speedforce.org/
                                  Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                                  DC Comics (official site)
                                  http://www.dccomics.com/
                                  Listings are posted three months ahead.

                                  Other Comics News Sites
                                  Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                                  These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                                  usually on the third Monday of the month


                                  15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                  Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                                  http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                                  Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                                  Speed Force
                                  http://speedforce.org/
                                  Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more.

                                  Crimson Lightning
                                  http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                                  Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                                  The Unofficial Flash Index
                                  http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                                  Issues guide

                                  DC Comics (official site)
                                  http://www.dccomics.com
                                  Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                                  Universe

                                  Wikipedia
                                  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                                  Information about the series and characters

                                  You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                  III. Rules and Guidelines

                                  1. Courtesy and Language

                                  Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                                  Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                                  follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                                  Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                                  over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                                  colloquial meanings get lost.


                                  2. Spoilers

                                  Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                                  don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                                  country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                                  and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                                  line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                                  story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                                  people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                                  3. Topics of Discussion

                                  This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                                  about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                                  fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                                  happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                                  America, or any crossovers are also included.

                                  Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                                  the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                                  subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                                  people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                                  same country as you.


                                  4. Repeated comments/questions

                                  Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                                  Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                                  or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                                  etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                                  done to death only a week before.

                                  Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                                  check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                                  postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                                  repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                                  something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                                  If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                                  cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                                  is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                                  better) so others can look up the full posting.

                                  If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                                  discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                                  The list is archived at
                                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                  IV. How Do I...

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                                  2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                                  You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
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                                  3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

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                                  4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                                  I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                                  The entire list is archived on the web at
                                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                                  5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                                  I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                                  Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
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                                  List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                                  FAQ Updated June 13, 2010
                                • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                                  Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                                  Message 16 of 26 , Aug 1, 2010
                                  • 0 Attachment
                                    Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                                    I. General Info

                                    1. What is this list about?
                                    2. Who maintains this list?
                                    3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                    II. Comics/Flash Info

                                    1. How many Flashes are there?
                                    2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                                    3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                                    4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                                    hardcover?
                                    5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                                    6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                                    7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                                    mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                                    8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                                    9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                                    10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                                    twins? What are their powers?
                                    11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                                    12. Who killed Bart?
                                    13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                                    14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                                    issues?
                                    15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                    III. Rules and Guidelines

                                    1. Courtesy and Language
                                    2. Spoilers
                                    3. Topics
                                    4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                                    IV. How do I...

                                    1. How do I join?
                                    2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                                    3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                                    4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                                    I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                                    5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                                    Lightning.
                                    I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                                    Can I just get the updates?
                                    6. How do I get off this list?

                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    I. General Info

                                    1. What is this list about?

                                    Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                                    2. Who maintains this list?

                                    Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                                    <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                                    whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                                    things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                                    list, ridethelightning-announce.


                                    3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                    Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                                    abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                                    here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                                    AFAIK
                                    As Far As I Know
                                    IANAL
                                    I Am Not A Lawyer
                                    IIRC
                                    If I Remember Correctly
                                    IMHO
                                    In My Humble Opinion
                                    LOL
                                    Laughing Out Loud
                                    OT
                                    Off-Topic
                                    NT
                                    No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                                    ROTFL
                                    Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                                    ROTFLMAO
                                    Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    II. Comics/Flash Info

                                    1. How many Flashes are there?

                                    Simple answer: Four.

                                    1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                                    by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                                    Society of America.
                                    2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                                    Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                                    primary Flash in 2009.
                                    3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                                    the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                                    Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                                    4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                                    super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                                    the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                                    back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                                    again Kid Flash.

                                    Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                                    each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                                    Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                                    future Flashes...


                                    2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                                    The monthly Flash series was relaunched starting at #1 in April 2010.

                                    Barry Allen
                                    The Flash

                                    Bart Allen
                                    Teen Titans

                                    Jay Garrick
                                    Justice Society of America

                                    Wally West
                                    None

                                    Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                                    Super-Friends and Tiny Titans.


                                    3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                                    * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                                    * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                                    * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                                    it to #350.
                                    * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                                    Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                                    * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                                    #1,000,000).
                                    * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                                    13 issues.
                                    * Flash volume 3 (2010 onward)

                                    There have been several Flash miniseries, as well...

                                    * Flash/Green Lantern: Faster Friends (2 issues, 1997)
                                    * Flashpoint (3 issues, 1999-2000)
                                    * Flash & Green Lantern: The Brave and the Bold (6 issues, 1999-2000)
                                    * Final Crisis: Rogues' Revenge (3 issues, 2008)
                                    * Flash: Rebirth (6 issues, 2009-2010)
                                    * Blackest Night: The Flash (3 issues, 2009-2010)

                                    ...and a dozen or so specials over the years. More info at
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                    Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                                    (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                                    series as volume 3.


                                    4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                                    This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                    Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                                    Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                                    Age Flash Archives.

                                    Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                                    Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                                    * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                                    * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                                    * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                                    volumes through Flash #161.

                                    DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                                    Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                                    of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                                    Wally West

                                    Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                                    trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                                    Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                                    The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                                    Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                                    Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                                    TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                                    Bart Allen

                                    The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                                    Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                                    a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                                    Man Alive.


                                    5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                                    According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                                    has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                                    set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                                    out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                                    Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                                    things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                                    back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                                    like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                                    Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                                    The Flash: Rebirth.

                                    Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                                    they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                                    like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                                    and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                                    From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                                    posturing.


                                    6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                                    The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                                    to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                                    it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                                    version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                                    Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                                    After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                                    had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                                    example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                                    7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                                    parents are related? Eeew!

                                    Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                                    forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                                    Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                                    But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                                    Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                                    25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                                    it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                                    marrying or having children.

                                    Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                                    Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                                    genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                                    8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                                    The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                                    power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                                    more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                                    field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                                    time.

                                    Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                                    Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                                    in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                                    During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                                    created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                                    running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                                    is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                                    other times and dimensions.


                                    9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                                    During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                                    Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                                    been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                                    with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                                    Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                                    disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                                    As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                                    Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                                    Garrick.


                                    10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                                    their powers?

                                    Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                                    different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                                    After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                                    It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                                    could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                                    through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                                    temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                                    single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                                    connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                                    11. Why is Bart older in Flash: The Fastest Man Alive?

                                    During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                                    on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                                    there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                                    rest of the world.

                                    In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                                    right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                                    "one year later" he would be 21.

                                    After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                                    is a teenager again.


                                    12. Who Killed Bart?

                                    Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                                    the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                                    participated in the murder.

                                    Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                                    killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                                    shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                                    involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                                    After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                                    Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                                    either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                                    several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                                    or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                                    Mirror Master separating them.

                                    Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                                    in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                                    though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                                    In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                                    trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                                    Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                                    sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                                    Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                                    killed.


                                    13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                                    The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                                    alternate-reality stories.

                                    Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                                    Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                                    heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                                    heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                                    had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                                    some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                                    Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                                    groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                                    Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                                    parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                                    alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                                    months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                                    particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                                    be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                                    still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                                    Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                                    stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                                    comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                                    only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                                    used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                                    lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                                    After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                                    parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                                    similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                                    The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                                    http://travel.to/hypertime
                                    A collection of articles written by various people, including
                                    interview excerpts.

                                    Time And Hypertime
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                                    This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                                    dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                                    in terms of Hypertime.


                                    14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                                    Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                                    Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                                    announcements.

                                    Speed Force
                                    http://speedforce.org/
                                    Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                                    DC Comics (official site)
                                    http://www.dccomics.com/
                                    Listings are posted three months ahead.

                                    Other Comics News Sites
                                    Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                                    These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                                    usually on the third Monday of the month


                                    15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                    Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                                    Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                                    Speed Force
                                    http://speedforce.org/
                                    Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more.

                                    Crimson Lightning
                                    http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                                    Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                                    The Unofficial Flash Index
                                    http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                                    Issues guide

                                    DC Comics (official site)
                                    http://www.dccomics.com
                                    Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                                    Universe

                                    Wikipedia
                                    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                                    Information about the series and characters

                                    You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    III. Rules and Guidelines

                                    1. Courtesy and Language

                                    Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                                    Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                                    follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                                    Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                                    over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                                    colloquial meanings get lost.


                                    2. Spoilers

                                    Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                                    don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                                    country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                                    and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                                    line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                                    story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                                    people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                                    3. Topics of Discussion

                                    This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                                    about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                                    fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                                    happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                                    America, or any crossovers are also included.

                                    Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                                    the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                                    subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                                    people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                                    same country as you.


                                    4. Repeated comments/questions

                                    Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                                    Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                                    or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                                    etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                                    done to death only a week before.

                                    Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                                    check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                                    postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                                    repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                                    something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                                    If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                                    cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                                    is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                                    better) so others can look up the full posting.

                                    If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                                    discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                                    The list is archived at
                                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    IV. How Do I...

                                    1. How do I join?

                                    There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                                    ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                                    http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                                    web.


                                    2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                                    You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                                    If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                                    Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                                    update your subject line to reflect this!


                                    3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                                    The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                                    (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                                    everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                                    list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                                    can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                                    it.


                                    4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                                    I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                                    The entire list is archived on the web at
                                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                                    5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                                    I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                                    Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                                    announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                                    ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                                    Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                                    http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                                    (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                                    simply click on the link.


                                    6. How do I get off this list?

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                                    http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                                    yourself there.

                                    Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                                    ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


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                                    List Home: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/
                                    FAQ Updated June 13, 2010
                                  • ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com
                                    Ride The Lightning List FAQ I. General Info 1. What is this list about? 2. Who maintains this list? 3. What do all these abbreviations mean? II. Comics/Flash
                                    Message 17 of 26 , Sep 1, 2010
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                                      Ride The Lightning List FAQ

                                      I. General Info

                                      1. What is this list about?
                                      2. Who maintains this list?
                                      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                      II. Comics/Flash Info

                                      1. How many Flashes are there?
                                      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?
                                      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?
                                      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or
                                      hardcover?
                                      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?
                                      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"
                                      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this
                                      mean Bart's parents are related? Eeew!
                                      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?
                                      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?
                                      10. What are Wally's children named? Why are they older? Weren't they
                                      twins? What are their powers?
                                      11. Why did Bart age overnight? How old is he now?
                                      12. Who killed Bart?
                                      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?
                                      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming
                                      issues?
                                      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                      III. Rules and Guidelines

                                      1. Courtesy and Language
                                      2. Spoilers
                                      3. Topics
                                      4. Repeated Comments/Questions

                                      IV. How do I...

                                      1. How do I join?
                                      2. How do I post/reply to a message?
                                      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.
                                      4. I deleted a message - can I look it up somewhere?
                                      I just started - can I read discussions from before I joined?
                                      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the
                                      Lightning.
                                      I don't want all this discussion stuff.
                                      Can I just get the updates?
                                      6. How do I get off this list?

                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                      I. General Info

                                      1. What is this list about?

                                      Ride the Lightning is a discussion list for fans of DC Comics' Flash.


                                      2. Who maintains this list?

                                      Kelson Vibber, maintainer of the site Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning,
                                      <http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/> started this list to send announcements
                                      whenever the site was updated. People on the list wanted to discuss
                                      things, so now it's a discussion list. Announcements are now on another
                                      list, ridethelightning-announce.


                                      3. What do all these abbreviations mean?

                                      Over the years, the Internet has developed its own collection of
                                      abbreviations and acronyms for common phrases. Some of them are listed
                                      here. You can find more at The Jargon File (www.jargon.org)

                                      AFAIK
                                      As Far As I Know
                                      IANAL
                                      I Am Not A Lawyer
                                      IIRC
                                      If I Remember Correctly
                                      IMHO
                                      In My Humble Opinion
                                      LOL
                                      Laughing Out Loud
                                      OT
                                      Off-Topic
                                      NT
                                      No Text (use in subject if the subject itself is the message)
                                      ROTFL
                                      Rolling On The Floor Laughing
                                      ROTFLMAO
                                      Rolling On The Floor Laughing My *** Off


                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                      II. Comics/Flash Info

                                      1. How many Flashes are there?

                                      Simple answer: Four.

                                      1. Jay Garrick was the Flash from 1940-1951. He was kept somewhat young
                                      by his powers, and has come out of retirement to work with the Justice
                                      Society of America.
                                      2. Barry Allen was the Flash from 1956-1986. He died in Crisis on
                                      Infinite Earths, and returned in 2008's Final Crisis to become the
                                      primary Flash in 2009.
                                      3. Wally West was Barry's teen sidekick, Kid Flash, until 1986. He was
                                      the Flash from 1986-2006. He disappeared for 1.5 years after Infinite
                                      Crisis, and returned to be the Flash again in 2007.
                                      4. Bart Allen is Barry's grandson. He first appeared as the teen
                                      super-hero Impulse in 1994, became Kid Flash in 2003, and took over as
                                      the Flash in 2006. He was killed after only 13 issues, then brought
                                      back in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds in 2009, rejuvenated and
                                      again Kid Flash.

                                      Complicated answer: Well, six if you include John Fox and Walter West, who
                                      each filled in for several months during the 1990s. Seven if you include
                                      Lady Flash, but she's a villain now. And then there are all the possible
                                      future Flashes...


                                      2. What comics does the Flash currently appear in?

                                      The monthly Flash series was relaunched starting at #1 in April 2010.

                                      Barry Allen
                                      The Flash

                                      Bart Allen
                                      Teen Titans

                                      Jay Garrick
                                      Justice Society of America

                                      Wally West
                                      None

                                      Alternate versions of the Flash and Kid Flash can be found in
                                      Super-Friends and Tiny Titans.


                                      3. What Flash series have there been in the past?

                                      * Flash Comics (1940-1949) with Jay Garrick lasted 104 issues.
                                      * All-Flash Quarterly (1941-1948) with Jay Garrick lasted 32 issues.
                                      * Flash volume 1 (1959-1985) with Barry Allen started with #105 and made
                                      it to #350.
                                      * Flash volume 2 (1986-2008, with a 1-year break from 2006-2007) with
                                      Wally West lasted 247 issues (plus #0, #1/2, and #1,000,000).
                                      * Impulse (1995-2002) with Bart Allen lasted 89 issues (plus
                                      #1,000,000).
                                      * Flash: The Fastest Man Alive (2006-2007) with Bart Allen lasted only
                                      13 issues.
                                      * Flash volume 3 (2010 onward)

                                      There have been several Flash miniseries, as well...

                                      * Flash/Green Lantern: Faster Friends (2 issues, 1997)
                                      * Flashpoint (3 issues, 1999-2000)
                                      * Flash & Green Lantern: The Brave and the Bold (6 issues, 1999-2000)
                                      * Final Crisis: Rogues' Revenge (3 issues, 2008)
                                      * Flash: Rebirth (6 issues, 2009-2010)
                                      * Blackest Night: The Flash (3 issues, 2009-2010)

                                      ...and a dozen or so specials over the years. More info at
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                      Jay also had solo stories in the first 29 issues of Comic Cavalcade
                                      (1942-1948). Some people refer to the 1959 series as volume 2 and the 1986
                                      series as volume 3.


                                      4. Which issues have been collected in TPB/trade paperback or hardcover?

                                      This beyond the scope of this FAQ, but you can find a full list at:
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/books.html

                                      Golden Age: Jay Garrick

                                      Flash Comics #1-24 and All-Flash #1-2 appear in two volumes of The Golden
                                      Age Flash Archives.

                                      Silver Age and Bronze Age: Barry Allen

                                      Barry's early appearances are collected in three series of books:

                                      * The Flash Archives - hardcover, 5 volumes through Flash #141.
                                      * The Flash Chronicles - paperback, 1 volume through Flash #106.
                                      * Showcase Presents: The Flash - cheap black-and-white paperback, 3
                                      volumes through Flash #161.

                                      DC has released several thematic collections, such as Flash of Two Worlds,
                                      Superman vs. the Flash, and Flash vs. the Rogues. Barry also stars in most
                                      of the stories in Flash: The Greatest Stories Ever Told.

                                      Wally West

                                      Several story arcs from Mark Waid's run on the book have been collected in
                                      trade paperbacks: Born to Run, The Return of Barry Allen, Terminal
                                      Velocity, Dead Heat, and Race Against Time.

                                      The Grant Morrison/Mark Millar run (#130-141) is collected in two trades,
                                      Emergency Stop and The Human Race.

                                      Almost everything from Geoff Johns' run (#164-225) has been collected in
                                      TPB form (see the above link for a full list).

                                      Bart Allen

                                      The Impulse: Reckless Youth TPB collects Bart's first appearances in
                                      Flash vol.2 and the first few issues of Impulse. Two volumes, Lightning in
                                      a Bottle and Full Throttle, cover the entire series, Flash: The Fastest
                                      Man Alive.


                                      5. Why did DC relaunch the Flash? Three Times?

                                      According to the DC Nation article that appeared in Flash #247, Dan Didio
                                      has wanted to bring back Barry Allen since he started at DC. They tried to
                                      set things up for a return in Infinite Crisis, but things "didn't work
                                      out." Since they were already committed to a relaunch, they launched with
                                      Bart. DC tried again a year later with "The Lightning Saga," and again,
                                      things didn't work out, but they'd committed to killing Bart and bringing
                                      back a Flash, so they relaunched with Wally. (This is starting to sound
                                      like building castles in a swamp.) Then they finally did manage to bring
                                      Barry back in Final Crisis, so they set up to relaunch the book again with
                                      The Flash: Rebirth.

                                      Then there's the cynical interpretation, which states that they thought
                                      they could get huge sales with a relaunch, and when sales started dropping
                                      like a rock, they reversed course so fast that it gave the fans whiplash
                                      and relaunched again, and when that one failed, they relaunched again.
                                      From this standpoint, Didio's article sounds like "Oh, I meant to do that"
                                      posturing.


                                      6. What exactly is a "retcon?"

                                      The term retcon comes from "retroactive continuity." Basically it refers
                                      to any time that something new is invented about the past, especially if
                                      it contradicts something in an earlier story, and especially when the new
                                      version becomes the "official" version. For instance, up until 1985, Barry
                                      Allen and Jay Garrick had fought crime on two different, parallel worlds.
                                      After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC history was changed so that they
                                      had actually fought crime in neighboring cities on the same earth. Another
                                      example would be any origin story for Donna Troy written after 1984.


                                      7. Wait, so Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins... does this mean Bart's
                                      parents are related? Eeew!

                                      Yes, Barry Allen and Malcolm Thawne are twins, but while Barry jumped
                                      forward in time 1000 years before having kids, Malcolm did not. On the
                                      Allen side, it's only one generation from Barry to Don (Bart's father).
                                      But on the Thawne Side, there's around 40 generations between Malcolm and
                                      Meloni (Bart's mother), assuming the average age any of them has kids is
                                      25. If you met someone and discovered you shared an ancestor in the 1500s,
                                      it would be interesting to find out, but it wouldn't make you worry about
                                      marrying or having children.

                                      Looked at genetically: Barry and Malcolm are identical. Don shares 1/2 of
                                      Barry's genes. Meloni shares 2*10^-40, or 1/1,099,511,628,000 of Barry's
                                      genes. I wouldn't worry about inbreeding at this point.


                                      8. What is the Speed Force? What happened to it?

                                      The "speed force" is an energy field from which speedsters draw their
                                      power. As speedsters approach the speed of light, they begin to interact
                                      more directly with it. If they're not careful, they can be absorbed by the
                                      field, or they can bounce off it, which usually leads to a trip forward in
                                      time.

                                      Max Mercury knew the most about the speed force, while Wally West and
                                      Savitar were the most adept at channeling it. The concept was introduced
                                      in 1994, during Wally West's tenure as the Flash.

                                      During Flash: Rebirth (2009), it was revealed that the speed force was
                                      created by the accident that gave Barry Allen his powers, and that his
                                      running actually powers the speed force. It exists outside of time (which
                                      is why speedsters could exist before Barry Allen), and acts as a portal to
                                      other times and dimensions.


                                      9. Where were Wally, Linda and the twins when they disappeared?

                                      During Infinite Crisis, as Wally, Jay and Bart tried to stop Superboy
                                      Prime, Wally felt himself being drawn out of reality. He had previously
                                      been drawn into the speed force twice, but had pulled himself back to be
                                      with Linda. This felt different, so he went to say goodbye to his wife.
                                      Linda refused to let the family be separated, and she and the twins
                                      disappeared at the same time Wally did.

                                      As described in Flash v.2 #231-236, they spent that year on the planet
                                      Savoth, which has had a special relationship with the Flashes since Jay
                                      Garrick.


                                      10. Why are Wally's children different ages? Weren't they twins? What are
                                      their powers?

                                      Wally's and Linda's children, Iris (Irey) and Jai, grew rapidly (and at
                                      different paces) due to their inherited connection to the speed force.
                                      After only a year, Iris is effectively 10, and Jai is effectively 8.

                                      It also left them with unstable powers. When they returned to Earth, Iris
                                      could vibrate her molecules and those of anything she touched, phasing
                                      through matter. Jai could accelerate muscle growth, giving himself
                                      temporary super-strength. Flash: Rebirth explained that the twins shared a
                                      single connection to the speed force. Iris absorbed her brother's
                                      connection, giving her a standard speedster's power set.


                                      11. Why is Bart older in Flash: The Fastest Man Alive?

                                      During Infinite Crisis, Bart and other speedsters trapped Superboy Prime
                                      on another earth beyond the speed force. Time flowed at a different rate
                                      there. Four years passed for Bart, while only hours or days passed for the
                                      rest of the world.

                                      In The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive #1, Bart said that "a year ago" (i.e.
                                      right before Infinite Crisis) he was 16. He was 20 when he returned, and
                                      "one year later" he would be 21.

                                      After returning from the dead in Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds, he
                                      is a teenager again.


                                      12. Who Killed Bart?

                                      Several prominent members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery were involved in
                                      the attack which led to his death, but it's not clear exactly who
                                      participated in the murder.

                                      Inertia planned the scheme to steal Bart's speed, and would gladly have
                                      killed his rival. Captain Cold, Heat Wave and Weather Wizard were clearly
                                      shown blasting him with fire, ice, and lightning. Abra Kadabra was
                                      involved, but not shown during the actual murder.

                                      After that it gets a bit confusing. A panel shows Mirror Master,
                                      Trickster, and Pied Piper crowded around something unseen, with Inertia
                                      either on the ground or standing and kicking. This has been interpreted in
                                      several ways: as the pictured villains kicking an injured Bart to death,
                                      or kicking Inertia, or even Piper and Trickster going after Inertia, with
                                      Mirror Master separating them.

                                      Countdown has clearly stated that Piper and Trickster did not participate
                                      in the actual murder, which fits with their character history. (Legally,
                                      though, they're still responsible under the felony murder principle.)

                                      In the aftermath, Wally West captured Inertia and stole his speed,
                                      trapping him in the form of a statue in the Flash Museum. The Suicide
                                      Squad captured Kadabra, Cold, Weather Wizard, Mirror Master and Heat Wave,
                                      sending them into exile on the alien Hell Planet (as told in Salvation
                                      Run). Piper and Trickster eluded capture, until Trickster was shot and
                                      killed.


                                      13. What the heck is Hypertime? The Multiverse?

                                      The Multiverse and Hypertime are two ways DC has used to structure
                                      alternate-reality stories.

                                      Until 1985, DC had a series of parallel universes that they called the
                                      Multiverse. Earth-1 was home to the Justice League and DC's current
                                      heroes. Earth-2 was home to the Justice Society and DC's Golden Age
                                      heroes. Other universes contained alternate histories, or heroes that DC
                                      had purchased from other comics companies. Each universe was distinct, and
                                      some heroes could easily travel from one universe to another. In 1986,
                                      Crisis on Infinite Earths got rid of the multiverse and combined all the
                                      groups of heroes into one shared universe.

                                      Hypertime was a more fluid approach, introduced in 1999. Instead of
                                      parallel universes, there was a branching timeline. Each reality was an
                                      alternate timeline, branching off from some point in the past. Maybe a few
                                      months ago, maybe a few decades, maybe centuries. Traveling to a
                                      particular alternate universe would be difficult -- chances are you would
                                      be slightly off -- and getting back where you started would be harder
                                      still. A bigger difference was that similar timelines could also converge.

                                      Hypertime was used as a framework for alternate universes, Elseworlds
                                      stories, retcons and handling the difference between real-world time and
                                      comics time. (A story might feature a Cold War plot or 1970s fashions, but
                                      only take place 5 years ago.) It became controversial because it could be
                                      used to explain continuity errors, and fans argued that the "crutch" would
                                      lead to lazy research and bad writing.

                                      After Infinite Crisis and 52, DC established a new multiverse with 52
                                      parallel universes. Only a few have been described so far, and some are
                                      similar -- but not identical -- to universes from the previous multiverse.

                                      The Unofficial Hypertime Website
                                      http://travel.to/hypertime
                                      A collection of articles written by various people, including
                                      interview excerpts.

                                      Time And Hypertime
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/hypertime.html
                                      This is an article I wrote, trying to explain time travel,
                                      dimension travel, and everything back to Crisis on Infinite Earths
                                      in terms of Hypertime.


                                      14. What's happening next? Where can I find info about upcoming issues?

                                      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/upcoming.html
                                      Upcoming issues and related books are listed here based on DC's
                                      announcements.

                                      Speed Force
                                      http://speedforce.org/
                                      Flash-related news, reviews and commentary site.

                                      DC Comics (official site)
                                      http://www.dccomics.com/
                                      Listings are posted three months ahead.

                                      Other Comics News Sites
                                      Comic Book Resources, Newsarama, etc.
                                      These sites get the full list of upcoming solicitations from DC,
                                      usually on the third Monday of the month


                                      15. Where can I find more info on the Flash?

                                      Flash: Those Who Ride the Lighting
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/
                                      Lots of character profiles/bios, a few essays

                                      Speed Force
                                      http://speedforce.org/
                                      Flash-themed blog featuring news, commentary, and more.

                                      Crimson Lightning
                                      http://thefastestmanalive.blogspot.com/
                                      Flash-themed blog focusing on the history of the character.

                                      The Unofficial Flash Index
                                      http://www.dcuguide.com/chronology.php?name=flash3
                                      Issues guide

                                      DC Comics (official site)
                                      http://www.dccomics.com
                                      Profile, upcoming issues, and of course the rest of the DC
                                      Universe

                                      Wikipedia
                                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)
                                      Information about the series and characters

                                      You can also check out the links page on Those Who Ride the Lightning.


                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                      III. Rules and Guidelines

                                      1. Courtesy and Language

                                      Everyone joins this group voluntarily, and they can leave voluntarily.
                                      Discussions are more interesting when there are more people, so please
                                      follow common courtesy when writing to or about your fellow members.
                                      Friendly jibes are one thing, but keep in mind that we have people all
                                      over the world here--every continent but Antarctica--and sometimes
                                      colloquial meanings get lost.


                                      2. Spoilers

                                      Not everyone makes it to the comic store on the same day, and new issues
                                      don't necessarily arrive on the same day at every store (or in every
                                      country). If you want to talk about the latest issue that's just come out,
                                      and you need to give away a major plot point, put "SPOILER" in the subject
                                      line so people can skip over it until they've had a chance to read the
                                      story. You can also add blank lines at the beginning if you want to, for
                                      people who hit "next" to page through their messages.


                                      3. Topics of Discussion

                                      This list is primarily about The Flash and other DC speedsters. Anything
                                      about Jay, Barry, Wally, Bart, etc. or the supporting cast or villains is
                                      fair game (within the realm of good taste, of course). Naturally, related
                                      happenings in Teen Titans, Justice League of America, Justice Society of
                                      America, or any crossovers are also included.

                                      Occasionally, you may want to write about something that's not related to
                                      the Flash. That's OK, just make sure you put "OT" (Off-Topic) in the
                                      subject. But please don't make political statements. Again, this list has
                                      people on it from all over the world, and many of them won't be from the
                                      same country as you.


                                      4. Repeated comments/questions

                                      Ideally, everyone on the list would be completely current on discussion.
                                      Realistically, that's not the case. People join the list in the middle of
                                      or right after a discussion, or can't read the messages for several weeks,
                                      etc. However, there's not much point in bringing up a topic that's been
                                      done to death only a week before.

                                      Before you post a question, especially if you're new, it's a good idea to
                                      check out the list archive and either skim the last week or so of
                                      postings, or do a search on the topic, so that you can either avoid
                                      repeating something that's been worn out recently or you can bring up
                                      something new that hadn't come up in that discussion.

                                      If you want to deliberately repost something, there's no need (in most
                                      cases) to repost the entire message. Summarize it, then mention where it
                                      is in the archive (a subject and rough date is good, a link is even
                                      better) so others can look up the full posting.

                                      If someone posts a question that's been answered, or an idea that's been
                                      discussed, politely let them know where to find it.

                                      The list is archived at
                                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/messages/


                                      --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                      IV. How Do I...

                                      1. How do I join?

                                      There are two ways you can join. You can send a blank email to
                                      ridethelightning-subscribe@yahoogroups.com or you can go to
                                      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and sign up on the
                                      web.


                                      2. How do I post/reply to a message?

                                      You can post a message by sending it to ridethelightning@yahoogroups.com.
                                      If you want to reply to a thread, just hit "reply."

                                      Note: If you're replying to a thread and the topic has changed, please
                                      update your subject line to reflect this!


                                      3. How do I send an attachment? It seems to get deleted.

                                      The list is set to block attachments to keep message lengths reasonable.
                                      (This has the added benefit of blocking viruses that email themselves to
                                      everyone in your addressbook.) However, if you go the Files section on the
                                      list archive (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/files/) you
                                      can upload the file and then send a message telling people where to find
                                      it.


                                      4. I deleted a message. Can I look it up somewhere?
                                      I just started. Can I read discussions from before I joined?

                                      The entire list is archived on the web at
                                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ridethelightning/


                                      5. I just wanted to get updates for Flash: Those Who Ride the Lightning.
                                      I don't want all this discussion stuff. Can I just get the updates?

                                      Sure. Unsubscribe from this list (directions below) and join the
                                      announcement-only list by sending a blank email to
                                      ridethelightning-announce-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

                                      Alternatively, you can subscribe to updates via the RSS feed at
                                      http://www.hyperborea.org/flash/rss.xml. If you have a modern web browser
                                      (Firefox 2 or newer, Internet Explorer 7, etc.), you should be able to
                                      simply click on the link.


                                      6. How do I get off this list?

                                      If you have a Yahoo! ID, you can go to
                                      http://groups.yahoo.com/subscribe/ridethelightning/ and unsubscribe
                                      yourself there.

                                      Otherwise, you can send a blank message to
                                      ridethelightning-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com


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                                      FAQ Updated June 13, 2010
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