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2275Condoleezza Rice to India. Pakistan a "state sponsor of terrorism" must clean up its act.

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  • Peter Dow
    Dec 7, 2013
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      Hindustan Times, 

      State sponsors of terror have to clean up their act: Condoleezza Rice

      HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times  New Delhi, December 07, 2013
      First Published: 11:50 IST(7/12/2013) | Last Updated: 18:58 IST(7/12/2013)

      Former US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice speaks during the Hindustan Times Leadership Summit 2013 in New Delhi. (Virendra Singh Gosain/HT)

      The leadership of countries that practice "embedded terrorism" - state sponsored terrorism - have to be told they must "clean up", said former US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice at the Hindustan Times Leadership Summit. The US policy towards state sponsors of terrorism, she said, which includes Pakistan, has been to say "you don't have an option" about dealing with this terrorism.

      Rice, who delivered the keynote address at the summit's second day, said one has to be nuanced in responding to state-sponsored terror. Pakistan is a country that turns a blind eye to groups within its borders who practice terrorism, Rice noted. But their system can be mobilised to take action against terrorists with the right pressure and persuasion.

      "I came here after the Mumbai attacks and then told (former) Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari: what has happened here is clearly unacceptable and Pakistan is responsible," said Rice. She admitted this does not work quickly. "This is a long-term problem, it can't be turned around quickly but over decades."

      Rice, one of the authors of the Indo-US nuclear deal, said that the Indo-US relationship "was without limits" because the two countries shared both common interests and values.

      She listed some of the interests she saw shared by India and the US:  a world safe from terrorism, stability in South and Central Asia, energy security, preserving an international system based on rule of law.

      For the full story visit the Hindustan Times website via this link http://tinyurl.com/CondiToIndia

      Peter Dow of Rice for President Yahoo Group and the AfPak Mission comments.

      Condoleezza Rice is like a provost of the whole world! Condi handed over the provost job at Stanford University to one of her helpers long ago, though she still works as a professor at Stanford.

      I do wish Condi would not be so patient with Pakistan though. I don't think the world can afford to wait decades for Pakistan to put its own house in order. I don't think the Pakistani politicians are strong enough when faced with an obstinate Pakistani state which sees some purpose in sponsoring terrorism.

      I would like in future to hear of Condi recommending that the world take a much tougher approach with Pakistan, an "iron fist" approach, so to speak, led by the US and its NATO allies, and hopefully with India's support, to force Pakistan more quickly to confront the state sponsors of terrorism - generals and former generals of the Pakistani military who dictate military policy behind the scenes in Pakistan.

      This could involve suspending aid to Pakistan, international arrest warrants for those state-sponsors of terror Pakistani generals and former generals, raids like the raid to get Bin Laden but against those in the Pakistani state who were sheltering Bin Laden, assassination missions against those terror generals and former generals, more drone attacks, targeted missile or bombing air raids, seizing control over Pakistan's satellite broadcasting to call for the arrest of all involved in sponsoring terror and so on.

      I would not heed any complaints from the Pakistani state which is not putting its own house in order. I would not be impressed by any threats Pakistan made about blocking supplies into Afghanistan. We would like the honest people in the Pakistan military to take action against those in the Pakistani military, such as the ISI, who have long been dishonest sponsors of terrorism.

      The world needs to pressure Pakistan to make the reality that for the honest Pakistani military it will be an easier course of action to confront their dishonest comrades than daring to confront the rest of the world about any actions we take to raise the pressure on Pakistan.

      I would even be prepared to raise military tensions to a level that was last seen in the Cuban missile crisis with US forces on high military alert.

      No I would not like to see a nuclear war which would hurt many Pakistani civilians. We love the people of Pakistan but it is in their interests for someone to take a tough stance against the state sponsors of terrorism in Pakistan because that terrorism is, as often as not, turned against the people of Pakistan with their own politicians and leaders being targeted.

      The exact measures to be taken are not really my point. Those are up for discussion and modification as required.

      My real point is the pressure on Pakistan needs to be stepped up 100 fold by the West led by the US and NATO and with the support of India. No more softly, softly.

      This would be my advice to our dearly beloved Condoleezza Rice. No-one inspires me more than she. No-one is better placed to decide on what is good advice and what is not. I trust her judgement but I want her to hear my advice.

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