Re: [revelation-list] Revelation 22:17
- That's certainly the sense I have generally gotten from it, so I was
surprised to see in the notes to the Oxford Annotated edition of the NRSV
that "'Come,' singular number in Greek, is addressed to Jesus, as v. 20." I
believe Bruce Metzger did the notes on Revelation, and of course he has
published on that book in addition to his prodigious Greek work.
----- Original Message -----
From: "George F Somsel" <gfsomsel@...>
Sent: Friday, December 24, 2004 9:12 AM
Subject: Re: [revelation-list] Revelation 22:17
> On Fri, 24 Dec 2004 06:50:28 -0500 "Dave Delaney" <dkd7s@...>
>> Is the *erchou* (singular "come") of Revelation 22:17 directed to
>> Jesus (as in 22:20) or to individuals who may be part of the thirsty
>> group in the second half of the verse?
>> -Dave Delaney
>> Roanoke VA
> KAI TO PNEUMA KAI hH NUMFH LEGOUSIN, ERXOU. KAI hO AKOUWN EIPATW, ERXOU.
> KAI hO DIYWN ERXESQW, hO QELWN LABETW hUDWR ZWHW DWREAN
> I would understand it as expressing the same thought as the hO AKOUWN
> (the congregation -- see Re 1.3) state ERXOU KAI hO DIYWN ERXESQW, hO
> QELWN LABETW hUDWR ZWHS DWREAN. The congregation is invited to come who
> in turn invite all who thirst to come.
> [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
> Yahoo! Groups Links
I can see where you might suggest that the erchou could refer to
Jesus as it does in 22:20. If so, then the referents of the
participles are inviting Jesus, not the readers, to come. The
problem is that the invitation is to come and drink freely of the
living water. It would be problematic to offer Jesus living water,
since in John 4:10 he is the one offering living water to the
samaritian woman. Notice also those who are issuing the invitation
to "come," are the spirit and the bride and the one who is hearing.
Interestingly, the book of Revelation opens with a promised blessing
for those who hear (akouoo) this prophecy and obey it. Then in the
letters to the seven churches those who "have ears to hear what the
spirit is saying to the churches" indicates a direct address to the
reader/hearer of Revelation. Therefore, I would say that 22:17 is an
inclusio to draw the hearers (this emphasizes the orality of the
original reading) to obey the instructions given throughout this
book. Now we find in 22:17 that those who now have heard the
prophecy are inviting "those who are thirsty." One may plausibly
suggest, then, that this is an echo of John 4 as an invitation for
sinners to receive salvation. If so, this would consitute an
evangelistic appeal designed to garner a response to the warnings of
judgment pronounced in this prophecy. Therefore, I do not think that
the erchou is addressed to Jesus in 22:17 as it is in 22:20.
Alan S. Bandy (alcolex@...)