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951Re: Lamb, Shepherd etc

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  • Patrick H. Wynne
    Apr 6, 2003
      Thomas Ferencz wrote:

      > --- "Patrick H. Wynne" <pwynne@g...> wrote:
      > > Tom Killingbeck wrote:
      > >
      > > > Hantanye an hirin "Mavar", nan laa "lamb". Noali?
      > >
      > >
      > > The Qenya Lexicon (QL) gives Q. _eule_ 'lamb' from a
      > > root EWE of
      > > unspecified meaning. This same entry gives an
      > > untranslated form
      > > _eulitse_, which might be a diminutive, *'little
      > > lamb'.
      > >
      > It is nteresting that 'ewe' means female sheep in
      > English, right?

      Indeed it does -- though in English, 'ewe' is pronounced like the 2nd
      person pronoun 'you' (a dialectal pronunciation [yƓ] also occurs).
      In QL, Tolkien perhaps meant to imply that the root EWE was the
      ultimate source of Indo-European _*owi-_ 'sheep', whence Latin _ovis_
      'sheep' and Eng. _ewe_ 'female sheep' (< Gmc. _*awi-). In
      Indo-European, variation occurred between the vowels _e_ and _o_ in
      roots ("ablaut"), for example the root _*ped-(1)_ 'foot' > Latin
      _ped-_ but Greek _pod-_. So a root EWE in the hands of Indo-European
      speakers might have become _*owe-_, > _*owi-_. This is utterly
      hypothetical and ultimately unprovable, of course.

      -- Patrick H. Wynne
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