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Anatomies of Melancholy

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  • Ian Pitchford
    New York Times July 2, 2000 Anatomies of Melancholy ... A science writer offers an overview of depression, and a psychiatrist argues against some of the drugs
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 1, 2000
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      New York Times
      July 2, 2000
      Anatomies of Melancholy
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      A science writer offers an overview of depression, and a psychiatrist argues
      against some of the drugs used to treat it.

      By ABRAHAM VERGHESE

      ---------------------------------------------------------
      MALIGNANT SADNESS
      The Anatomy of Depression.
      By Lewis Wolpert.
      196 pp. New York:
      The Free Press. $24.

      ---------------------------------------------------------
      PROZAC BACKLASH
      Overcoming the Dangers of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, and Other Antidepressants With
      Safe, Effective Alternatives.
      By Joseph Glenmullen.
      383 pp. New York:
      Simon & Schuster. $25.

      ---------------------------------------------------------

      There was a time when depression (or melancholia, as it was called) was rarely
      mentioned in public. These days the merits of Prozac, Zoloft and Paxil are
      debated as often outside medical circles as within. Tony Soprano takes Prozac,
      and the Marlboro Moment has given way to the Zoloft Day. (''A great day for
      Dad. A great day for Mom. A terrific day for the family. Make it happen. The
      Zoloft Saturday.'')

      Full text
      http://www.nytimes.com/books/00/07/02/reviews/000702.02verghet.html
      First Chapter: 'Malignant Sadness'
      http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/w/wolpert-sadness.html
      First Chapter: 'Prozac Backlash'
      http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/g/glenmullen-prozac.html

      ______

      Malignant Sadness : The Anatomy of Depression
      by Lewis Wolpert
      Hardcover - 196 pages (March 2000)
      Free Press; ISBN: 0684870584
      AMAZON - US
      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0684870584/darwinanddarwini/
      AMAZON - UK
      http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/057119172X/humannaturecom/

      After he captures the essence of his subject so succinctly in his title, it's a
      wonder that noted scientist Lewis Wolpert went on to write a whole book.
      Luckily for us, Malignant Sadness: The Anatomy of Depression lives up to its
      title, explaining the state of our knowledge and enlightening bystanders who
      have never been crippled by psychic pain about just what they're missing.
      Wolpert's training as a developmental biologist helps him sift through the
      scientific literature, while his devastating episode of depression is the base
      of his eloquent descriptions of its subjective experience. Far from a deficit,
      his lack of psychiatric training allows him to explore more freely the unclear
      and ambiguous depths of our understanding of this all-too-common ailment.

      Given his background, one would expect Wolpert to emphasize biological causes
      and relief, but he gives psychological and environmental factors their due. As
      anyone with a debilitating disease will agree, any course of action promising
      recovery is worth pursuing, and Malignant Sadness carefully looks into many
      alternate explanations and therapies. Evolution, psychotherapy, Prozac and its
      ilk, and non-Western medicine all play roles in Wolpert's drama, and his
      engaging prose keeps the reader intrigued throughout. Either you or someone
      close to you is practically certain to be struck by some form of depression
      during your lifetime--read Malignant Sadness and be prepared. --Rob Lightner

      From Booklist

      London-based medical researcher Wolpert draws on his scientific knowledge and
      personal experience to explain the overwhelming disease that depression can be.
      He concentrates on unipolar depression rather than the bipolar form, in which
      bouts of depression alternate with bouts of mania. He discusses depression
      historically, drawing on Galen and other major figures, especially Robert
      Burton in his Anatomy of Melancholy (1621^-51). Of the recent works in the
      field, Wolpert relies heavily on the... read more

      Book Description

      Lewis Wolpert had it all -- a successful scientific career and a happy home
      life -- when his struggles with clinical depression began. Although he had
      often dealt with the blues, he had never been seriously depressed before the
      illness took over his life. Overwhelmed, he was no longer able to think
      properly, let alone work, and his mind turned to suicide. When eventually he
      recovered with the help of psychotherapy and drug treatment, Dr. Wolpert had to
      confront the stigma and shame attached to... read more

      _______

      Prozac Backlash : Overcoming the Dangers of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, and Other
      Antidepressants with Safe, Effective Alternatives
      by Joseph Glenmullen
      Hardcover - 320 pages (March 2000)
      Simon & Schuster; ISBN: 0684860015
      AMAZON - US
      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0684860015/darwinanddarwini/
      AMAZON - UK
      http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0684860015/humannaturecom/

      It seems like it was just yesterday that Prozac was a miracle pill, a
      medication that could not only make sick people well, but "better than well."

      By the end of the 1990s, Prozac and similar drugs--Paxil, Zoloft, and
      others--were being prescribed for everything from depression to anxiety to drug
      addiction to ADD. About 70 percent of prescriptions for these antidepressants
      were being written by family physicians, rather than psychiatrists.

      Dr. Joseph Glenmullen, a psychiatrist who has a private practice and also works
      for Harvard University Health Services, sees this antidepressant mania as
      dangerous, even reckless. He notes that these drugs can have severe side
      effects, including uncontrollable facial and body tics, which could be signs of
      severe and permanent brain damage. About 50 percent of patients suffer
      often-debilitating withdrawal symptoms from them, and about 60 percent end up
      with sexual dysfunction. And Prozac may make a small number of people homicidal
      or suicidal, or both.

      But there are alternatives: in Germany, for example, St. John's wort outsells
      Prozac 25 to 1, showing that doctors and patients there understand that the
      herbal remedy works as well as the synthetic ones for mild to moderate
      depression. [Editor's note: St. John's wort has been shown to interfere with
      the actions of the transplant rejection drug cyclosporin and the AIDS drug
      indinivir.] And diet, exercise, 12-step programs, and good old-fashioned
      psychotherapy can work well, too. Even for severe depression requiring
      medication, Dr. Glenmullen shows how the drugs can be used with other
      treatments and then discontinued after a year or less.

      Moreover, Prozac Backlash discusses exactly what depression is and isn't; Dr.
      Glenmullen reviews hundreds of scientific studies, and discusses numerous case
      studies from his practice and others. Because of that detail, medical
      professionals may be this book's most likely readers, but anyone who has been
      on an antidepressant, or is close to someone who is, will also want to give
      Prozac Backlash a careful read. The brain you save could be your own. --Lou
      Schuler

      From Kirkus Reviews

      PROZAC BACKLASH: Overcoming the Dangers of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, and Other
      Antidepressants with Safe, Effective Alternatives Simon & Schuster (384 pp.)
      $25.00 A psychiatrist cites research and his own clinical experience to sound a
      compelling warning about the hazards of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
      (SSRI) antidepressants. Glenmullen (The Pornographer's Grief and Other Tales of
      Human Sexuality,1993), a clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School, uses
      the term "Prozac backlash" to... read more

      Book Description

      Roughly 28 million Americans -- one in every ten -- have taken Prozac, Zoloft,
      or Paxil or a similar antidepressant, yet very few patients are aware of the
      dangers of these drugs, nor are they aware that better, safer alternatives
      exist. Now Harvard Medical School's Dr. Joseph Glenmullen documents the ominous
      long-term side effects associated with these and other serotonin-boosting
      medications. These side effects include neurological disorders, such as
      disfiguring facial and whole-body tics... read more
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