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Russell B. Long

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  • Ram Lau
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_B._Long Russell B. Long From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918 - May 9, 2003) was an
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 4 6:24 PM
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      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_B._Long
      Russell B. Long
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

      Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918 - May 9, 2003) was an American
      politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat from
      Louisiana from 1948 to 1987.
      Russell Billiu Long

      Long was born in Shreveport, Louisiana, and received baccalaureate and
      law degrees from Louisiana State University. He served as a naval
      officer during World War II.

      Long was the son of the flamboyant Louisiana Governor and Senator Huey
      P. Long. Huey Long was succeeded by his wife Rose McConnell Long, who
      served approximately a year in the Senate. When Russell was elected in
      November 1948, he became the only person in American history to have
      been preceded in the Senate by both his father and his mother. Before
      running for the Senate, he served as executive counsel to his uncle,
      Earl K. Long, who also served as governor of Louisiana.

      Long signed "The Southern Manifesto" condemning the Brown vs Board of
      Education ruling which ordered racial desegration in the nation's
      public schools.

      Long was also known for his knowledge of tax laws. In 1953, he began
      serving on the tax-writing Senate Finance Committee and was its
      chairman from 1966 until Republicans took control of the Senate in
      1981. During his time in the Senate, Long was a strong champion of tax
      breaks for businesses, once saying, "I have become convinced you're
      going to have to have capital if you're going to have capitalism."

      Long's contributions to the United States' tax laws include the Earned
      Income Tax Credit, a program aimed at reducing the tax burden on poor
      working families. He also initiated the provision that allows a
      taxpayer to allocate $1 of taxes for a presidential campaign-financing
      fund.

      His fellow party Senators elected him Democratic whip in 1965, but he
      began drinking heavily and often was seen drunk on the Senate floor.
      He lost his leadership position in 1969. He later quit drinking and
      soon regained his reputation among his colleagues.

      Long retired from the Senate in 1987 to a farm in Virginia but still
      did some lobbying work.

      Long was a character in Oliver Stone's 1991 film JFK. Walter Matthau
      played Long in the film.

      At the time of his death due to heart failure, Russell Long was the
      earliest Senator still living.
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