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A nice biography of Scoop Jackson

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  • Ram Lau
    http://www.hmjackson.org/bio.html The Henry M. Jackson Fuoundation Henry Martin Jackson was born in Everett, Washington, on May 31, 1912, and died there on
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 5, 2005
      The Henry M. Jackson Fuoundation

      Henry Martin Jackson was born in Everett, Washington, on May 31, 1912,
      and died there on September 1, 1983 at the age of 71. At his death, he
      was the senior U.S. Senator from the State of Washington and had
      served in Congress for nearly 43 years.

      A graduate of the University of Washington where he received his law
      degree in 1935, "Scoop" Jackson, as he became known, was admitted to
      the Washington Bar and began practice with an Everett law firm. The
      lure of public life was strong, however, and in the fall of 1938, he
      was elected to the prosecutor's office at the age of 26. He remained
      in public life until his death.

      As prosecuting attorney, Jackson won a reputation as a foe of gambling
      and bootlegging, setting the stage for his election to Congress in
      1940 from Washington's Second District. In the House, he became a
      specialist in military affairs and nuclear energy. He served in the
      Army as an enlisted man during WWII until recalled to his
      congressional duties by President Roosevelt. In 1945, Congressman
      Jackson officially visited Buchenwald, a few days after the death camp
      was liberated. While serving in the House he played an influential
      role on issues of particular interest to the West like public lands,
      reclamation, and hydroelectric power development.

      Jackson was reelected five times to the House of Representatives and,
      in 1952, successfully challenged the incumbent Harry P. Cain for his
      Senate seat. For more than 30 years, Senator Jackson was deeply
      involved in the major issues of American political life, from the
      drama of the Army-McCarthy hearings in 1954 to the liberation of
      Soviet Jewry in the 1970's. He became an acknowledged authority on
      national security, energy, and environmental issues.

      From 1963 to 1980, Senator Jackson served as chairman of the Senate
      Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and its predecessor, the
      Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. In this capacity, he played
      a leading role in the conservation legislation of the 1960's and the
      energy legislation of the 1970's. As an "environmentalist" long before
      the term was fashionable, Senator Jackson authored the landmark
      National Environmental Policy Act and sponsored legislation to
      preserve vast park lands and wilderness areas throughout the United
      States, including the North Cascades Park, Olympic National Park, and
      the Alpine Lakes Wilderness in Washington State. He also authored the
      Alaska and Hawaii Statehood Acts.

      Senator Jackson served as a member of both the Joint Committee on
      Atomic Energy and the Armed Services Committee for many years and was
      the ranking Democratic member of the Armed Services Committee at his
      death. He was an expert on nuclear weapons and strategic issues and a
      member of the Select Committee on Intelligence.

      As a member of the Governmental Affairs Committee, Senator Jackson
      conducted pioneering congressional inquiries on the National Security
      Council and policy-making at the Presidential level and chaired the
      Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations for a long period.

      In 1960, Senator Jackson chaired the Democratic National Committee
      during the Kennedy Presidential campaign. Although picked by his
      colleagues in informal polls as the Senator best qualified to be
      President, Senator Jackson was defeated in efforts to win the
      Democratic Presidential nomination in 1972 and 1976.

      Additional information on Senator Jackson can be found at the
      University of Washington library archives.
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