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Re: [prezveepsenator] Expulsions and Censures of the Senators

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  • THOMAS JOHNSON
    Very interesting, Ram....Thanks for the post. Tom ... http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Expulsion_Censure.htm ... === message
    Message 1 of 2 , Nov 25, 2006
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      Very interesting, Ram....Thanks for the post.

      Tom

      --- Ram Lau <ramlau@...> wrote:

      > Expulsion and Censure
      >
      http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Expulsion_Censure.htm
      >
      > Expulsion (see below for Censure cases)
      >
      > Article I, Section 5, of the United States
      > Constitution provides that
      > "Each House [of Congress] may determine the Rules of
      > its proceedings,
      > punish its members for disorderly behavior, and,
      > with the concurrence
      > of two-thirds, expel a member."
      >
      > Since 1789, the Senate has expelled only fifteen of
      > its entire
      > membership. Of that number, fourteen were charged
      > with support of the
      > Confederacy during the Civil War. In several other
      > cases, the Senate
      > considered expulsion proceedings but either found
      > the member not
      > guilty or failed to act before the member left
      > office. In those cases,
      > corruption was the primary cause of complaint.
      >
      > In the entire course of the Senate's history, only
      > four members have
      > been convicted of crimes. They were: Joseph R.
      > Burton (1905), John
      > Hipple Mitchell (1905), Truman H. Newberry (1920),
      > and Harrison
      > Williams (1981). Newberry's conviction was later
      > overturned. Mitchell
      > died. Burton, Newberry, and Williams resigned before
      > the Senate could
      > act on their expulsion.
      >
      > United States Senate Expulsion Cases
      >
      > Date: 1797
      >
      > Member: William Blount (R-TN)
      >
      > Charge: Anti-Spanish conspiracy; treason
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1808
      >
      > Member: John Smith (R-OH)
      >
      > Charge: Disloyalty/Treason
      >
      > Result: Not Expelled
      >
      > Note: Expulsion failed 19 to 10--less than the
      > necessary two-thirds
      > majority. At request of the Ohio legislature, Smith
      > resigned two weeks
      > after the vote. (His counsel was Francis Scott Key.)
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1858
      >
      > Member: Henry M. Rice (D-MN)
      >
      > Charge: Corruption
      >
      > Result: Not Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: James M. Mason (D-VA)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Robert M.T. Hunter (D-VA)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Thomas L. Clingman (D-NC)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Thomas Bragg (D-NC)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: James Chesnut, Jr. (D-SC)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Alfred O.P. Nicholson (D-TN)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: William K. Sebastian (D-AR)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > Note: On March 3, 1877, the Senate reversed its
      > decision to expel
      > Sebastian. Because Sebastian had died in 1865, his
      > children were paid
      > an amount equal to his Senate salary between the
      > time of his expulsion
      > and the date of his death.
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Charles B. Mitchel (D-AR)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: John Hemphill (D-TX)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: Louis T. Wigfall (D-TX)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > Note: In March 1861, the Senate took no action on an
      > initial
      > resolution expelling Wigfall because he represented
      > a state that had
      > seceded from the Union. Three months later, on July
      > 10, 1861, he was
      > expelled for supporting the Confederacy.
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      > Date: 1861
      >
      > Member: John C. Breckinridge (D-KY)
      >
      > Charge: Support for Confederate rebellion
      >
      > Result: Expelled
      >
      > ----------------------------------
      >
      >
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