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Milestones of Judicial Service - the youngest, the oldest, the first...

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  • Ram Lau
    http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/milestones_bdy Milestones of Judicial Service - the youngest, the oldest, the first... Oldest Judges The oldest
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 27, 2005
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      http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/milestones_bdy

      Milestones of Judicial Service - the youngest, the oldest, the first...


      Oldest Judges

      The oldest serving federal judge was Joseph W. Woodrough, who was
      serving as a senior judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth
      Circuit when he died at the age of 104 on October 2, 1977.

      The oldest serving active judge was Giles S. Rich, who served on the
      U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit until his death at the
      age of 95 in June 1999.

      The oldest serving Supreme Court Justice was Oliver Wendell Holmes,
      who was 90 years, 10 months when he retired on January 12, 1932.


      Youngest Judges

      The youngest federal judge was Thomas Jefferson Boynton, who was 25
      when Abraham Lincoln issued him a recess appointment to the U.S.
      District Court for the Southern District of Florida on October 19, 1863.

      The youngest judge appointed to a U.S. court of appeals was William
      Howard Taft, who was 34 when he was commissioned a judge of the Sixth
      Circuit court of appeals on March 17, 1892.

      The youngest Justice on the Supreme Court was Joseph Story, who was 32
      when he received his commission on November 18, 1811.


      Longest Serving Judges

      Joseph W. Woodrough served a record 61 years as a federal judge. He
      served on the U.S. District Court for the District of Nebraska from
      1916 to 1933 and on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
      from 1933 until 1977. He took senior status in 1961.

      Henry Potter was the longest serving judge on a single court and the
      longest serving active judge. He served on the U.S. District Courts
      for North Carolina from 1802 to 1857. He previously served on the U.S.
      Circuit Court for the Fifth Circuit from May of 1801 until April of 1802.

      The longest serving judge on a U.S. court of appeals was Albert B.
      Maris, who served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
      from June of 1938 until his death in February 1989. Maris, who took
      senior status in 1958, also served on the U.S. District Court for the
      Eastern District of Pennsylvania from 1936 to 1938.

      William O. Douglas was the longest serving Supreme Court Justice. He
      sat on the Court from 1939 to 1975.


      First African American Judges

      William Henry Hastie became the first African American to serve as a
      judge appointed during good behavior when he was appointed to the U.S.
      Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in 1950. Hastie had served a
      fixed term as judge of the U.S. District Court for the Virgin Islands
      from 1937 to 1939.

      The first African American to serve on U.S. district court as a judge
      appointed during good behavior was James B. Parsons, who was appointed
      to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois in 1961.

      Thurgood Marshall was the first African American Justice on the
      Supreme Court of the United States. He was appointed in 1967.
      Marshall previously served as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for
      the Second Circuit.


      First Women Judges

      Florence Allen was the first woman to serve on a U.S. court of
      appeals. She was appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for
      the Sixth Circuit in 1934.

      Burnita Shelton Matthews became the first woman to serve on a U.S.
      district court when Harry Truman issued her a recess appointment to
      the district court for the District of Columbia in October 1949. The
      Senate confirmed her nomination in April 1950.

      Sandra Day O'Connor was the first woman to serve as a Justice of the
      Supreme Court of the United States. She was appointed in 1981.


      First Hispanic Judge

      Reynaldo G. Garza became the first Hispanic federal judge when he was
      appointed to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of
      Texas in 1961. Garza also became the first Hispanic judge on a U.S.
      Court of Appeals when he was appointed to the Fifth Circuit court of
      appeals in 1979.


      First Asian American Judge

      Herbert Choy became the first Asian American to serve as a judge on a
      U.S. court of appeals when he was appointed to the U.S. Court of
      Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1971.

      Dick Wong became the first Asian American to serve on a U.S. district
      court when he was appointed to the district court for the District of
      Hawaii in 1975.


      First Native American Judge

      Billy Michael Burrage became the first Native American federal judge
      when he was appointed to the U.S. District Courts for the Northern,
      Eastern & Western Districts of Oklahoma in 1994.


      First federal judge to be elected President

      William Howard Taft in 1908 became the first and only former federal
      judge to be elected President. Taft served as judge of the U.S.
      Circuit Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit from 1892 to 1900. Taft
      also became the only former President to serve on a federal court when
      he became Chief Justice of the United States in 1921.


      First federal judge elevated to the Supreme Court of the U.S.

      Robert Trimble served as judge of the U.S. District Court in Kentucky
      from 1817 to 1826 when he became the first federal judge to be
      nominated and confirmed as a justice of the Supreme Court. He served
      only two years before he died at the age of 51. A total of 31 Supreme
      Court justices have previously served as a federal judge. With the
      appointment of Harry Blackmun in 1971, the Supreme Court for the first
      time had a majority of justices with experience on the lower federal
      courts.
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