1188Rosa Parks dead at 92
- Oct 24, 2005http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4373794.stm
US civil rights icon Parks dies
Rosa Parks, the black woman whose 1955 protest action
in Alabama marked the start of the modern US civil
rights movement, has died at the age of 92.
Mrs Parks' refusal to give up her seat to a white man
on a bus led to a mass boycott of buses by black
The protest led to the desegregation of the transport
system and culminated in the 1964 Civil Rights Act,
which outlawed race discrimination in the US.
Mrs Parks' lawyer said she died in her sleep at her
home in Detroit, Michigan.
'I had a right'
Rosa Parks was a 42-year-old seamstress when she made
On 1 December she was sitting on the bus in Montgomery
when the white man demanded her seat.
Mrs Parks refused, defying the rules which required
blacks to give up their seats to whites.
She was arrested and fined $14.
Her arrest triggered a 381-day boycott of the bus
system organised by Baptist minister, the Rev Martin
Luther King Jr.
Luther King Jr later earned the Nobel Peace Prize for
In 1957, after having lost her job and received death
threats, Mrs Parks and her husband, Raymond, moved to
Detroit, where she worked as aide in a Democratic
Speaking in 1992, Mrs Parks said of her famous bus
protest: "The real reason of my not standing up was I
felt that I had a right to be treated as any other
passenger. We had endured that kind of treatment for
She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in
1996, and the Congressional Gold Medal, the nation's
highest civilian honour, three years later.
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