--- John Schroeder <dmir2001@...
> Hi Frank...
> LOL... And thanks for the welcome... I guess an
> Emir is some kinda Muslem BigWig... Will see that as
> a crossword puzzle clue every now and again.. Again,
> thank you...
Thanks for your note which prompted a search to find
out what the heck an emir is. This is what I found:
Emir, originally Amir, meaning commander in Arabic,
derives from the Arabic root ʾ-m-r "to order".
Originally simply meaning commander or leader, usually
in reference to a group of people, it came to be used
as a title of governors or rulers, usually in smaller
states, and in modern Arabic usually renders the
English word 'prince'. The word entered English in
1595, from the French émir .
In Arabic and Persian :
A state ruled by an independent emir is an emirate.
Some emirates are sovereign, such as the Kuwaiti
monarchy (ruled by the al-Sabah dynasty since the
country gained independence in 1961), Qatar (since
1971), and Bahrain (1971-2002). Emirates can also be
constitutive parts of a state, notably the seven
United Arab Emirates, which belong to a federal
monarchy, and are the electors of its presidency and
Another meaning of the word emir is "prince"
(specifically, the male descendant of a sovereign).
This title was used in the sultanate of the Maldives
alongside the native title Manippulu. In some states
it could mean "crown prince" (more typically Wali
al-Ahd). For example, before he was crowned as King
Abdullah of Jordan, the son of King Hussein was still
referred to as "Emir Abdullah" (in this case an
obsolete title of the dynasty, which adopted the
higher title of Malik = king).
In other Muslim cultures
In various Muslim states, Amir was also a nobiliary
title, as under the (Turkic?) form ämir in the Tartar
Khanate of Kazan
In Pakistan and India it also means "rich", and has a
connotation of immortality (a- means "not" and -mar
means "dying", so the name Amar means eternal)
Emir is also the title of the religious leader
(without political power) of the Ahmadiyya anjuman
ishaat-i Islam, a minor Muslim sect, established in
Lahore in April 1914, with five incumbents to date.
In northern Nigeria and other parts of the Sahel
(including various jihad states), the title of some
Muslim traditional rulers is emir or a corruption such
as lamido, sometimes used in addition to a native
title. The most prominent of these are the emirs of
Kano, Bauchi, Zaria and Adamawa.
The Yazidi religion has an emir as its secular leader
alongside a chief sheikh as its religious leader.
Derived and compound titles are numerous.
Maybe I should print that out and carry it so I will
be prepared if anybody ever asks me what an emir is.
Best wishes, Frank
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