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Market Needs Regarding MLIS

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  • Dr. Khalid Mahmood
    Dear Professional Colleagues, Assalam-o-Alaikum. The University of the Punjab has been imparting training in librarianship since 1915. This is the first
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 1, 2006
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      Dear Professional Colleagues,

      Assalam-o-Alaikum.

      The University of the Punjab has been imparting training in librarianship
      since 1915. This is the first university in the world, outside USA, to
      introduce regular training in this field. In 1974, a master program was
      started. More than 1300 master degree holders of this university are
      serving renowned libraries, library schools and information centers in
      Pakistan and abroad.

      Major objective of the Master of Library and Information Science Program
      is to produce competent professionals who can manage libraries and
      information centers efficiently. The curriculum currently implemented was
      revised in 2004. This curriculum was a further revision of the one
      recommended by the Higher Education Commission in 2002.

      The analysis of market needs has been a practice of educational
      institutions throughout the world. A rapid change has been witnessed in
      the field of library and information science during past three decades
      but, unfortunately, a formal effort has never been made to get the
      feedback from employers in Pakistan.

      I am sending you the current curriculum of MLIS program for your comments
      and suggestions. Please guide us in addressing the following issues:

      1. To what extent this curriculum covers the theoretical aspects of
      library and information science?

      2. To what extent the knowledge and skills imparted through this
      curriculum matches the actual working of libraries and information centers
      in Pakistan?

      3. Which contents should be deleted or added keeping in view the market
      demands?

      4. Which resources and facilities should be available in the Department of
      LIS to impart required knowledge and skills in a proper manner?

      5. Any other recommendations regarding the MLIS program.

      I am sure that your valuable suggestions will help us to produce more
      skillful professionals according to the market demands.

      With my best regards.


      Yours sincerely,

      Dr. Khalid Mahmood
      Chairman & Associate Professor
      Department of Library & Information Science
      University of the Punjab, Lahore, PAKISTAN
      Ph: 92-42-9231224 Mobile: 92-333-4271285
      Email: khalid@...
      Internet: http://www.geocities.com/khalidmahmood


      MASTER OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE (MLIS)

      OBJECTIVES

      1. To develop skills among students for the acquisition, organization, and
      dissemination of information and knowledge.

      2. To develop an understanding among students about the properties of
      literature in the fields of Humanities, Social Sciences, Pure Sciences,
      Applied Sciences, Pakistan and Islam.

      3. To inculcate skills among students about the methods of research and to
      promote problem oriented research in the field of library and information
      science and related topics.

      4. To create awareness of information and information technologies used in
      libraries and information centers in students.

      5. To develop an understanding among students to use information
      technology efficiently in information storage and retrieval services of a
      library or information center.

      6. To develop competence among students for the automated management of
      libraries and information center in Pakistan.

      SCHEME OF STUDY

      Note: Each course contains 3 credits totaling 66 credits for MLIS degree.

      Semester I

      LIS-501 FOUNDATIONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP
      LIS-502 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION SCIENCE
      LIS-503 INTRODUCTION TO CATALOGUING
      LIS-504 INTRODUCTION TO CLASSIFICATION
      LIS-505 MANAGEMENT OF LIBRARIES & INFORMATION CENTERS
      LIS-506 INFORMATION AND REFERENCE SERVICES AND SOURCES

      Semester II

      LIS-507 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIBRARIES
      LIS-508 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
      LIS-509 APPLIED CATALOGUING
      LIS-510 APPLIED CLASSIFICATION
      LIS-511 COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT

      Semester III

      LIS-601 RESEARCH METHODS IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
      LIS-602 MANAGEMENT OF SERIAL PUBLICATIONS
      LIS-603 APPLIED LIBRARY AUTOMATION

      (Any two of LIS-604 to LIS-607)

      LIS-604 LITERATURE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
      LIS-605 LITERATURE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
      LIS-606 LITERATURE OF HUMANITIES
      LIS-607 LITERATURE OF ISLAM AND PAKISTAN

      Semester IV

      LIS-608 MARKETING OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES
      LIS-609 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES AND OPERATIONS
      LIS-610 PRACTICUM

      Optional Courses

      (Courses from LIS-611 to LIS-627 are optional. A student will opt three
      courses in total from Groups A, B and C with the condition that he/she can
      opt only one course each from Groups A and B).

      Group-A

      LIS-611 SPECIAL LIBRARIES
      LIS-612 LAW LIBRARIES
      LIS-613 AGRICULTURAL LIBRARIES
      LIS-614 HEALTH AND MEDICAL SCIENCES LIBRARIES
      LIS-615 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LIBRARIES

      Group-B

      LIS-616 ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
      LIS-617 SCHOOL LIBRARIES
      LIS-618 PUBLIC LIBRARIES
      LIS-619 CHILDREN LIBRARIES

      Group-C

      LIS-620 RESOURCE SHARING AND NETWORKING
      LIS-621 PUBLIC RECORDS, RARE MATERIALS AND THEIR CONSERVATION
      LIS-622 COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA LIBRARIANSHIP
      LIS-623 INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING
      LIS-624 INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LIBRARIANSHIP
      LIS-625 WEB PUBLISHING
      LIS-626 DATABASE STRUCTURE AND DESIGN
      LIS-627 THESIS AND VIVA VOCE (6 Credits)

      DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

      LIS-501 FOUNDATIONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP
      Development of libraries from ancient times to present. Libraries of the
      Muslim world. Librarianship in Pakistan. Librarianship as a profession.
      Library education. Library associations. Professional ethics for
      librarians. Theories and philosophies of librarianship. Role of library in
      society.

      LIS-502 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION SCIENCE
      Fundamental concepts of information and information science. Scope of
      information science. Information needs and uses. Relationship with
      librarianship. Information society. Economics of Information. Introduction
      to information technology. Basics of computers and telecommunications.
      Characteristics of networking. Application of information technology in
      libraries. Introduction to indexing and abstracting. Fundamentals of
      searching and retrieval. Selective dissemination of information. Current
      awareness service.

      LIS-503 INTRODUCTION TO CATALOGUING
      Definition, objectives and functions of a catalogue. Inner forms and
      physical formats. Book mark and cutter tables. Comparative study of AACR-2
      and other codes for monograph and serial publications. Cataloguing of
      Pakistani and oriental names. Bibliographic description: ISBD, MARC,
      UNIMARC, CCF, etc. Bibliographical tools: cataloguing codes, cataloguing
      process, major tools and bibliographic utilities. Metadata.

      LIS-504 INTRODUCTION TO CLASSIFICATION
      Definition of classification. Principles of knowledge and book
      classification. Brief history of classification schemes with special
      emphasis on the development during 19th and 20th centuries (and expansions
      for Islam). Study of classification schemes used locally. Content
      analysis: principles and methods of subject analysis and indexing; subject
      headings; indexing languages; thesaurus construction and examples of
      selected systems; indexing process; authority control. Classification
      systems: enumerative and faceted systems, introduction to major schemes
      like LC, DDC, UDC, etc.

      LIS-505 MANAGEMENT OF LIBRARIES & INFORMATION CENTERS
      Theories and principles of management. Planning and decision making in
      libraries. Organizing and organizational structure of libraries.
      Motivation of personnel. Group dynamics in library organization.
      Supervision and leadership in libraries. Organizational communication.
      Evaluation of library and information resources and services. Budgeting
      and fiscal management of libraries. Types of libraries: functions and
      their activities demonstrating objectives, environment & users’ effect.
      Management styles in different types of libraries with particular emphasis
      on the management peculiarities of public, academic and special libraries.

      LIS-506 INFORMATION AND REFERENCE SERVICES AND SOURCES
      Meaning and significance of information and reference services in a
      library. Dynamics of information service. Process of information service:
      query, interview, and search strategy, evaluation of results, ethics, etc.
      Management of reference and information stock. User education.
      Introduction of important general ready reference sources.

      LIS-507 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIBRARIES
      Basic concepts of information technology and its use in libraries. Library
      automation. Automation approaches: in-house development, turnkey systems,
      available software packages, etc. Integrated system vs. fragmented
      approach. Planning and implementation of automation projects. Concerns
      and issues of automated cataloguing, acquisition, serial control and
      circulation. Using microcomputers in libraries and information centers
      with special reference to Pakistan. Basic concepts of a database
      structure. Considerations in creation, management and maintenance of a
      database. Basic concepts of search and information retrieval; use of
      Boolean logic in search, formulation of search strategy, use of vocabulary
      control, literature search concepts. CD-ROM and Internet applications for
      information retrieval.

      LIS-508 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
      Bibliography: definition, kinds, forms and functions. Comparative national
      bibliographies (UK, USA, South Asia). Bibliographic control at national
      and international level. Compilation of systematic bibliography and
      reference list.

      LIS-509 APPLIED CATALOGUING
      Study and practice of AACR-2 for monographs and serials. Practice of
      AACR-2 for specialized materials. Practice of ALA filing rules. Basics of
      automated cataloguing. MARC.

      LIS-510 APPLIED CLASSIFICATION
      Study and practice of Dewey Decimal Classification and Sear’s List of
      Subject Headings.

      LIS-511 COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
      Concepts and definition. Collection development policy and its
      formulation. Principles and processes of selection. Acquisition
      management. Collection evaluation. Maintenance of collection. Resource
      sharing. Different forms of information sources. Impact of electronic
      sources on collection management. Issues of copyright.

      LIS-601 RESEARCH METHODS IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
      Basic concepts of research. Types of research. Scientific methods of
      research, its importance and application in library and information
      science. Design of a research study: problem, literature searching,
      hypothesis, proposal development. Research methods: survey, historical,
      case study. Sampling. Use of statistics: measurement of central tendency
      and dispersion, frequency distribution. Report writing. Use of computers
      in research process.

      LIS-602 MANAGEMENT OF SERIAL PUBLICATIONS
      Introduction, definition, concept, scope, importance, principles,
      objectives and functions of serial publications. Acquisition of serials.
      Acquisition policy, methods and procedures. Classification and
      cataloguing. Indexing and abstracting. Preservation and conservation.
      Automated serial control. Bibliographic control. Problems of serial
      management with special reference to Pakistan. Electronic journals and
      their collection management.

      LIS-603 APPLIED LIBRARY AUTOMATION
      Hands on practice of computer operating system; word processing; design
      and use of databases for library operations; comparison of various
      international and local library software packages; use of CD-ROM
      databases and Internet in libraries.

      LIS-604 LITERATURE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
      Definition & development of science & technology. Mapping of science &
      technology knowledge & literature; size, growth and dissemination of the
      information in science and technology. Information needs and information
      seeking behavior of the scientists. Special library services to the
      scientists (CAS, SDI, etc.). Type of libraries in science & technology,
      types of collection in the libraries. Problems of science & technology
      libraries with special reference to Pakistan. Bibliographic control in
      science and technology with special reference to Pakistan. Major reference
      material in science & technology.

      LIS-605 LITERATURE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
      Definition and development of social sciences. Mapping of the knowledge
      and literature; size, growth and dissemination of information in social
      sciences. Information needs and information seeking behaviors of social
      scientists. Special library services to the social scientist (CAS, SDI,
      etc.). Types of libraries in social sciences: government, academic,
      public, special documentation center, etc. Types of collections in the
      social sciences libraries. Problems of social sciences libraries with
      special reference to Pakistan. Bibliographic control of social sciences
      literature with special reference to Pakistan. Major reference material in
      social sciences.

      LIS-606 LITERATURE OF HUMANITIES
      Definition & historical development of humanities. Mapping of the
      knowledge and literature; size, growth and dissemination of information in
      humanities; information needs and information seeking behaviors of
      humanists; special library services to humanists. Types of libraries in
      humanities. Types of collections in the libraries. Problems of the
      libraries with special reference to Pakistan. Bibliographic control of the
      literature of humanities with special reference to Pakistan. Major
      reference material in humanities.

      LIS-607 LITERATURE OF ISLAM AND PAKISTAN
      Domain of Islam and Pakistan studies. Mapping of literature. Evaluation of
      information sources on Islam and Pakistan; Organizations dealing with
      Islam and Pakistan studies. Bibliographic control of the literature on
      Islam and Pakistan. Major reference material on Islam and Pakistan.

      LIS-608 MARKETING OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES
      What is marketing. Principles and practice of marketing. Introducing
      marketing concepts into non-profit organizations. Application of marketing
      principles to library and information services. Marketing strategy. Four
      Ps, etc. Marketing mix. Public relations. Advertising. Direct mail.
      Telemarketing, i.e. telephone, Internet, etc., Exhibitions etc. Marketing
      research. Marketing plan.

      LIS-609 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
      Planning: approaches, process, strategies, models and techniques; planning
      of physical plant and facilities for a library. Evaluation: definition,
      criteria of evaluation, areas of evaluation; stock, services, availability
      and access, operations; techniques of evaluation. Staff training and
      development. Scientific management techniques: forms and records; work
      simplification methods and techniques. Communication skills needed for a
      library manager. Process of interpersonal and group communication; written
      communication, feasibility studies, proposals, etc.; how to develop a good
      presentation/seminar.

      LIS-610 PRACTICUM
      After the students have completed the fourth semester, they will have to
      complete an 8-week practicum in selected libraries of Lahore under the
      external supervisor of the selected library. This will also be supervised
      by a teacher of the Department who will act as internal supervisor. The
      external and internal supervisors will be treated as external and internal
      examiners. Each student will have to obtain a certificate of satisfactory
      completion from both the external and internal supervisors. The proforma
      for this certificate will be developed by the Chairman/Convener, Board of
      Studies. Decisions regarding the names of selected libraries, external and
      internal supervisors will be made by the Board of Studies at the
      recommendations of its Convener. The failing students may have to repeat
      practicum when it is arranged next time in order to qualify.

      LIS-611 SPECIAL LIBRARIES
      Role of special libraries and documentation centers in the dissemination
      of information; their special features and management. Methods, techniques
      and provision of special libraries in advanced countries and Pakistan.
      Special library services. Special materials: problems of organization and
      use.

      LIS-612 LAW LIBRARIES
      Meaning, definition, concept and importance of law libraries; functions;
      resources; current trends in law library services; integration of library
      services with user communities; management of law libraries; major
      section; building; staffing; involvement of information technology; duties
      of librarians; law libraries in developing countries with special
      reference to Pakistan; problems and suggestions.

      LIS-613 AGRICULTURAL LIBRARIES
      Meaning, definition, concept and importance of agricultural libraries;
      functions; resources; current trends in agricultural library services;
      integration of library services with user communities; management of
      agricultural libraries; major section; building; staffing; involvement of
      information technology; duties of librarians; agricultural libraries in
      developing countries with special reference to Pakistan; problems and
      suggestions.

      LIS-614 HEALTH AND MEDICAL SCIENCES LIBRARIES
      Meaning, definition, concept and importance of health and medical sciences
      libraries; functions; resources; current trends in medical library
      services; management of medical libraries; major sections; building;
      staffing; duties of librarians; medical libraries in developing countries
      with special reference to Pakistan. Problems and suggestions.

      LIS-615 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LIBRARIES
      Meaning, definition, concept and importance of science and technology
      libraries; functions; resources; current trends in science and technology
      library services; management of science and technology libraries; major
      sections; building; staffing; duties of librarians; science and technology
      libraries in developing countries with special reference to Pakistan.
      Problems and suggestions.

      LIS-616 ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
      Meaning, definition, concepts, objectives, importance and functions of
      college and university libraries. Academic library resources: Financial
      resources, human resources, intellectual resources and physical resources.
      Library services: Technical services, reader services, extension services.
      Standards for college and university libraries with special reference to
      Pakistan. User education. Academic libraries in distance education system.

      LIS-617 SCHOOL LIBRARIES
      Study of the educational role of the school library/media center, its
      administration, staffing, organizing, selection of library materials and
      media. Instruction in the use of books and media evaluation and use of
      library and media center. School libraries in Pakistan.

      LIS-618 PUBLIC LIBRARIES
      Philosophy, principles and practice of public libraries. Unesco manifesto
      of public libraries. Public libraries in Pakistan. Public library
      services. Extension/outreach services. Services to children and adults
      (mass literacy). Public library resources: financial, human, material,
      physical. Mobile libraries. Virtual public libraries. Public library
      legislation. Library authority. Standards for public libraries with
      special reference to Pakistan.

      LIS-619 CHILDREN LIBRARIES
      History and philosophy of library services to children according to the
      needs of the children in their physical, mental, social and emotional
      development; literature for children; story telling and special programs;
      library services to children in Pakistan.

      LIS-620 RESOURCE SHARING AND NETWORKING
      Meaning, definition, scope, importance of resource sharing in libraries.
      Pre-requisites of resource sharing. Functions of resource sharing.
      Historical development. Resource sharing systems. Tools of resource
      sharing. Fundamental concepts of networking. Nature, characteristics and
      historical development of different information networks. Scope, services
      and pricing structure of bibliographic utilities and online services.
      Resource sharing infrastructure for using networking facilities. Union
      catalogues and lists. Manpower requirements. Telecommunications with
      special reference to Pakistan. Selection, economics and evaluation of
      information networks. Networking and resource sharing in microcomputer
      environment. Local area and metropolitan networks. Different types of LAN.
      CD-ROM based networks. Electronic mail and bulletin boards.

      LIS-621 PUBLIC RECORDS, RARE MATERIALS AND THEIR CONSERVATION
      Study of the nature, scope and use of public documents. Federal and
      provincial government documents. Documents of international organizations
      like UNO, UNESCO, World Bank, etc. Organization of public records and
      documents. Selection and acquisition of documents. Bibliographic control
      of public documents in Pakistan. Private collections of documents.
      Definition, records management and organization of archival material.
      Procurement and conservation of archives. Relevant public laws and
      legislation and Pakistani institutions dealing with archives. Definition
      and scope of rare materials. Procurement and organization of rare
      materials. Specialized services for rare materials. Preservation and
      conservation of rare materials. Manuscripts and their special problems
      regarding identification, evaluation, procurement, use and preservation.
      Treatment of rare materials and manuscripts in Pakistan.

      LIS-622 COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA LIBRARIANSHIP
      Theories of communication; process of interpersonal and group
      communication; written communication: feasibility studies, instruction
      manuals, proposals, etc; how to develop a good presentation/seminar;
      bibliographic communication. Characteristics of non-printed media: audio
      media, visual media, audiovisual media, computers, electronic media.
      Issues connected with evaluation, selection, acquisition, technical
      processing, organization, use, storage and maintenance of non-print media.
      Equipment required to use different types of media.

      LIS-623 INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING
      Meaning, definition and importance of index and indexing; kinds of
      indexes; indexing language; index preparation; meaning, definition and
      concept of abstracting; importance of abstracts and abstracting; kind of
      abstracts; abstracting methods and procedure; bibliographic citations of
      abstracts; abstract preparation.

      LIS-624 INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LIBRARIANSHIP
      Meaning, definition and importance; trends and issues in library
      development in various countries; impact of information explosion and
      technology on the development; international library organizations and
      their role in promotion of library services with special reference of
      developing countries, i.e., India, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Pakistan.

      LIS-625 WEB PUBLISHING
      Document design and electronic publishing. Web site design. HTML and XML.
      Web editors. Images and other media formats. Interactive documents with
      Java and JavaScript. Server-side scripting. Web site design for library &
      information services.

      LIS-626 DATABASE STRUCTURE AND DESIGN
      Database application in libraries and information organizations. Basic
      database concepts (Records, fields, tables). Boolean queries.
      Bibliographic databases. Design of databases. Input and output formats.
      Handling graphics. Relational theory. Structured query language.
      Normalization. Programming/scripting. User interface design. Data
      transfer. Entity-relationship modelling. Database architectures.
      Concurrency. Security and integrity. Object-oriented databases. Mounting a
      database on the Web. Data warehouses. Database designing using Microsoft
      Access.

      LIS-627 THESIS AND VIVA VOCE (6 Credits)
      Students who get GPA 3.0 out of 4.0 in first three semesters may do
      research theses. Thesis will preferably deal with a problem in Pakistani
      context. Compilation of bibliographies, histories of individuals or
      organizations, narration of events or descriptive accounts of significant
      importance may be accepted for thesis research.
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