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    CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// ProBOA Review Questions Posted: 05 Oct 2008 05:04 AM CDT
    Message 1 of 24 , Oct 5, 2008
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      CAFA notes

      CAFA notes

      ProBOA Review Questions

      Posted: 05 Oct 2008 05:04 AM CDT

      Q&A on the Architectural Sections of the
      2004 Revised IRR of the NBCP (P.D. No. 1096)

      Question No. 1.
      Under the 2004 Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096), that took effect on 01 May 2005, what is the number of the section and its subsection that provides for the signing and sealing of architectural documents?
      Answer: Section 302.3.

      Question No. 2.
      Was a Writ of Preliminary Injunction (WPI) issued against the said Section of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP?
      Answer: Yes.

      Question No. 3.
      With what Republic Act (R.A.) was said section and subsection of the Revised IRR harmonized by the DPWH Board of Consultants (BoC)?
      Answer: Republic Act (R.A.) No. 9266 (otherwise known as the “Architecture Act of 2004”).

      Question No. 4.
      With does the said Republic Act (R.A.) say about the preparation, signing and sealing of architectural documents?
      Answer: Only duly-licensed Architects shall prepare, sign and seal architectural documents.

      Question No. 5.
      Are IRRs superior to a Republic Act?
      Answer: No.

      Question No. 6.
      Are Building Officials (or City and Municipal Engineers who are Acting Building Officials) mandated to implement the applicable provisions of a Republic Act?
      Answer: Yes.

      Question No. 7.
      Can Building Officials/ Acting Building officials be charged for failure to implement the applicable provisions of a Republic Act?
      Answer: Yes.

      Question No. 8.
      How many types of Architectural Plans/ Drawings are listed under Section 302.4 of the Revised IRR of the NBC?
      Answer: 11.

      Question No. 9.
      How many types of Architectural Interior/ Interior Design Plans/ Drawings are listed under Section 302.4 of the Revised IRR of the NBC?
      Answer: 10.

      Question No. 10.
      Under the Revised IRR of the NBC, are front setbacks required for any type of commercial development?
      Answer: Yes.

      Part 2

      Question No. 1.
      Building Officials (or City/ Municipal Engineers as Acting Building Officials) are mandated to implement the applicable provisions of Republic Act (R.A.) No. 9266 (otherwise known as the “Architecture Act of 2004”).
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 2.
      Building Officials/ Acting Building Officials can be charged for failure to implement the applicable provisions of Republic Act No. 9266.
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 3.
      There are ten (10) types of Architectural Plans/ Drawings listed under Section 302.4 of the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096).
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 4.
      There are eleven (11) types of Architectural Interior/ Interior Design Plans/Drawings are listed under Section 302.4 of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 1977 NBCP.
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 5.
      Front setbacks are required for any type of commercial development under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP.
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 6.
      Under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP that took effect on 01 May 2005, only Section 302.3 provides for the signing and sealing of architectural documents.
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 7.
      A Writ of Preliminary Injunction (WPI) was issued 24 May 2005 by a Manila Court against Sections 302.3 and 302.4 of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP?
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 8.
      Section 302.3 of the 2004 Revised IRR was harmonized by the DPWH Board of Consultants (BoC) with Republic Act No. 9266 (The Architecture Act of 2004).
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 9.
      Republic Act (R.A.) No. 9266 (The Architecture Act of 2004) stipulates that only duly-licensed Architects shall prepare, sign and seal architectural documents.
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 10.
      The IRRs like the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP (P.D. No. 1096) are higher than a Republic Act (R.A.) like R.A. No. 9266.
      Answer: False.

      Part 3

      Question No. 1.
      Which of the following statements is correct?
      a) A Writ of Preliminary Injunction may not affect Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR).
      b) The implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of a particular law or Republic Act are not higher than a separate Republic Act.
      c) A Writ of Preliminary Injunction can be issued by the Secretary
      of the DPWH.

      Question No. 2.
      Which of the following statements is correct?
      a) Building Officials (City/ Municipal Engineers who are Acting Building Officials) are mandated to implement the applicable provisions of a Republic Act for which they may be responsible.
      b) Building Officials/ Acting Building Officials are mandated to fully implement a Republic Act.
      c) Building Officials/ Acting Building Officials are not mandated to implement a Republic Act.

      Question No. 3.
      Which of the following statements is correct?
      a) Building Officials/ Acting Building Officials may be charged for failure to fully implement all the provisions of a Republic Act.
      b) Building Officials/ Acting Building officials may be charged for failure to implement the applicable provisions of a Republic Act for which they may be responsible.
      c) Building Officials/ Acting Building officials may not be charged for selectively implementing a Republic Act based on their interpretation of the law.

      Question No. 4.
      How many types of Architectural Plans/ Drawings are listed under Section 302.4 of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096)?
      a) 11
      b) 10
      c) 09

      Question No. 5.
      How many types of Architectural Interior/ Interior Design Plans/ Drawings are listed under Section 302.4 of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP?
      a) 08
      b) 09
      c) 10

      Question No. 6.
      Which of the following statements is correct?
      a) Under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, a front setback of 5.50 meters (m) is already required for a low density residential (R-1) building/ structure.
      b) Under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, front setbacks are already required for all types of commercial buildings/ structures.
      c) Under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, a front setback of 6.50 meters (m) is already required for a high density residential (R-3) building/ structure.

      Question No. 7.
      Under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP that took effect on 01 May 2005, what is the number of the section and its subsection that provides for the signing and sealing of architectural documents?
      a) Section 302.2
      b) Section 302.3
      c) Section 320.2

      Question No. 8.
      What is the date of the Writ of Preliminary Injunction (WPI) issued against Sections 302.3 and 302.4 of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP?
      a) 22 May 2005
      b) 23 May 2005
      c) 24 May 2005

      Question No. 9.
      With what Republic Act (R.A.) was said section and subsection of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP harmonized?
      a) Republic Act No. 9266
      b) Republic Act No. 9184
      c) Republic Act No. 9285

      Question No. 10.
      What does Republic Act (R.A.) No. 9266 say about the preparation, signing and sealing of architectural documents?
      a) Only duly-licensed Architects shall prepare, sign and seal architectural documents.
      b) Duly-licensed Civil Engineers can also prepare, sign and seal architectural documents.
      c) Duly-licensed Interior Designers can also prepare, sign and seal architectural documents, other than architectural interior plans/drawings.

      Part 4

      Question No. 1.
      When did the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096) take effect?
      Answer: 01 May 2005.

      Question No. 2.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what are explicitly prohibited for low density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures?
      Answer: Firewalls.

      Question No. 3.
      Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that for each type of building use/ occupancy, the Allowable Maximum Total Gross Floor Area (TGFA) shall be the product of the Building Height Limit (BHL) and the Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF)?
      Answer: Yes.

      Question No. 4.
      Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that the minimum front setback for low density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures shall be 4.50 meters (m).
      Answer: Yes

      Question No. 5.
      The 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes a minimum front setback of how many meters (m) for medium to high density residential (R-2 to R-3) buildings/ structures that are three (3.0) storeys or higher?
      Answer: Eight meters (8.0 m).

      Question No. 6.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what kind of setback for the sides and rear of buildings/ structures are additionally prescribed.
      Answer: Incremental Setback.

      Question No. 7.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym ISA?
      Answer: Impervious Surface Area.

      Question No. 8.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym MACA?
      Answer: Maximum Allowable Construction Area.

      Question No. 9.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, the Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL) for low density residential (R-1) buildings/structures shall be what percentage (%) of the Total Lot Area (TLA)?
      Answer: Thirty Percent (30.0%) of the TLA

      Question No. 10.
      Under Rule XX of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, it is stated that for non-arcaded road rights-of-way (RROWs)/ streets, signs shall not extend more than one point twenty meters (1.20 m) over the sidewalk, the distance to be measured horizontally from the wall line or building line.
      Answer: Yes.

      Part 5

      Question No. 1.
      Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096) additionally prescribesincremental setbacks for the sides and rear of buildings/ structures.
      Answer: True.

      Question No. 2.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, the acronym ISA stands for Impervious Space Area.
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 3.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, the acronym MACA stands for Minimum Allowable Construction Area.
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 4.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, the Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL) for low density residential (R-1) buildings/structures shall be Thirty Percent (30.0%) of the Total Lot Area (TLA).
      Answer: True

      Question No. 5.
      Under Rule XX of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, it is stated that for non-arcaded road rights-of-way (RROWs)/ streets, signs shall not extend more than one point fifty meters (1.50 m) over the sidewalk, the distance to be measured horizontally from the wall line or building line.
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 6.
      The 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP took effect on 01 May 2005.
      Answer: True

      Question No. 7.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, firewalls are explicitly prohibited for low density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures?
      Answer: True

      Question No. 8.
      Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that for each type of building use/ occupancy, the Allowable Maximum Total Gross Floor Area (TGFA) shall be the product of the Building Height Limit (BHL) and the Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF)?
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 9.
      Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that the minimum front setback for low density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures shall be 4.50 meters (m).
      Answer: False.

      Question No. 10.
      Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that the minimum front setback for medium to high density residential (R-2 to R-3) buildings/ structures that are three (3.0) storeys or higher shall be 8.50 meters (m).
      Answer: False.

      Part 6

      Question No. 1.
      Under the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096), how deep (in meters) is the prescribed minimum front setback for medium to high density residential (R-2 to R-3) buildings/ structures that are three (3.0) storeys or higher?
      a) Eight meters (8.0 m)
      b) Eight point five meters (8.5 m)
      c) Seven point five meters (7.5 m)
      d) Eight point two meters (8.2 m)

      Question No. 2.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what are additionally prescribed for the sides and rear of buildings/ structures.
      a) Cantilevers & Overhangs
      b) Incremental Setbacks
      c) Sunbreakers & Windbreakers
      d) Yards and/ or Balconies with Planterboxes

      Question No. 3.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the
      meaning of the acronym ISA?
      a) Impervious Space/ Area
      b) Impervious Space Areas
      c) Impervious Surface Area
      d) Impervious Surfeit Areas

      Question No. 4.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym ISA?
      a) Impervious Space/ Area
      b) Impervious Space Areas
      c) Impervious Surface Area
      d) Impervious Surfeit Areas

      Question No. 5.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, the Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL) for low density residential (R-1) buildings/structures shall be what percentage (%) of the Total Lot Area (TLA)?
      a) Thirty five Percent (35.0%) of the TLA
      b) Thirty Percent (30.0%) of the TLA
      c) Thirty three Percent (33.0%) of the TLA
      d) Twenty five Percent (25.0%) of the TLA

      Question No. 6.
      Under Rule XX of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, it is stated that for non-arcaded road rights-of-way (RROWs)/ streets, signs shall not extend more than _________ meters (_____ m) over the sidewalk, the distance to be measured horizontally from the wall line or building line.
      a) One point twenty meters (1.20m)
      b) One point fifty meters (1.50m)
      c) One point thirty meters (1.30m)
      d) One point forty meters (1.40m)

      Question No. 7.
      When did the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP take effect?
      a) 01 May 2005
      b) 03 May 2005
      c) 04 May 2005
      d) 01 May 2005

      Question No. 8.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what are explicitly prohibited for low density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures?
      a) Perimeter Walls
      b) Party Walls
      c) Firewalls
      d) Firestops

      Question No. 9.
      Which Rule under the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that for each type of building use/ occupancy, the Allowable Maximum Total Gross Floor Area (TGFA) shall be the product of the Building Height Limit (BHL) and the Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF)?
      a) Rule VIII
      b) Rule VII
      c) Rule VI
      d) Rule IX

      Question No. 10.
      Which Rule of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP prescribes that the minimum front setback for low-density residential (R-1) buildings/ structures shall be 4.50 meters (m).
      a) Rule VII
      b) Rule VIII
      c) Rule IX
      d) Rule VI

      Part 7

      Question No. 1.
      Under Sec. 302.4 of the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096), which of the following is not considered an architectural plan/ drawing?
      a) Structural Plan
      b) Floor Plan
      c) Reflected Ceiling Plan
      d) Schedule of Finishes

      Question No. 2.
      Under Rules VII and VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the common definition of a residential 5 (R-5) lot or building/ structure?
      a) multi-storey apartment
      b) office condominium
      c) residential condominium
      d) mixed use condominium

      Question No. 3.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the applicable range (depending on building occupancy) of open space requirement for an end lot?
      a) 20 to 50% of Total Lot Area (TLA)
      b) 10 to 40% of TLA
      c) 15 to 45% of TLA
      d) 25 to 55% of TLA

      Question No. 4.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what new type of lot was added?
      a) End Lot
      b) Corner-Through Lot
      c) Inside Lot
      d) Interior Lot

      Question No. 5.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym OFB?
      a) Basic Height Limit
      b) Outer Facet of the Building
      c) Outermost Face of Building
      d) Bulk and Heft Limit

      Question No. 6.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the minimum frontage prescribed for a low density residential (R-1) lot?
      a) Twenty point five meters (20.5 m)
      b) Twenty One point five meters (21.5 m)
      c) Twenty two point five meters (22.5 m)
      d) Twenty three point five meters (23.5 m)

      Question No. 7.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym BHL?
      a) Basic Height Limit
      b) Bulk and Height Limit
      c) Building Height Limit
      d) Bulk and Heft Limit

      Question No. 8.
      Which Section under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP deals with parking?
      a) Sec. 706
      b) Sec. 708
      c) Sec. 707
      d) Sec. 709

      Question No. 9.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym USA?
      a) Unutilized Surface Area
      b) Unpaved Surface Area
      c) Uniform Surface Area
      d) Unpaved Space Area

      Question No. 10.
      Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP deals with what aspect/s of design?
      a) Classification & Requirements of Buildings by Use and Occupancy
      b) Lighting and Venting
      c) Light, Ventilation and Building Occupancy
      d) Classification of Buildings

      Part 8

      Question No. 1.
      Under Sec. 302.4 of the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096). which of the following is not considered an architectural interior/ interior design plan/ drawing?
      a) Architectural Exterior Perspective
      b) Space Plan
      c) Floor/ Ceiling/ Wall Patterns

      Question No. 2.
      Under Rule XX of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the maximum height for a ground sign structure to be erected within property limits?
      a) Six point five meters (6.5m)
      b) Six meters (6.0m)
      c) Seven meters (7.0m)

      Question No. 3.
      Under Rules VII and VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the NBCP, what is the common definition of a residential four (R-4) lot or building/ structure?
      a) medium-rise apartment
      b) shop-house
      c) townhouse

      Question No. 4.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the NBCP, the term “singleattached R-2 dwelling” also refers to what type of medium density residential structure?
      a) duplex
      b) quadruplex
      c) row-house

      Question No. 5.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the applicable range (depending on building occupancy) of open space requirement for a corner lot?
      a) 20 to 40% of Total Lot Area (TLA)
      b) 10 to 30% of TLA
      c) 25 to 45% of TLA

      Question No. 6.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym PSO?
      a) Percentage of Space Occupied
      b) Percentage of Site Occupancy
      c) Planned Site Occupancy

      Question No. 7.
      Under Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym AMBF?
      a) Allowed Minimum Building Footprint
      b) Allowed Minimum Bulk and Footprint
      c) Allowable Maximum Building Footprint

      Question No. 8.
      Which provision is not stated under the 2004 Revised IRR Rule VII section on parking?
      a) parking must be integral parts of building projects
      b) all parking located outside shall be considered buffer parking
      c) all resultant front yards must be used for parking

      Question No. 9.
      Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP deals with what aspect/s of design?
      a) Lighting and Venting
      b) Classification & Requirements of Buildings by Use and Occupancy
      c) Light and Ventilation

      Question No. 10.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the minimum frontage prescribed for a low density residential (R-1) lot?
      a) Twelve meters (12.0 m)
      b) Fourteen meters (14.0 m)
      c) Fifteen meters (15.0 m)

      Part 9
      Question No. 1.
      Under Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of the 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP, otherwise known as Presidential Decree or P.D. No. 1096), what is the minimum lot size or Total Lot Area (TLA) prescribed for a low density residential (R-1) lot?
      a) Two Hundred and One square meters (201 m)
      b) Three Hundred and One square meters (301 sqm)
      c) Two Hundred Fifty One square meters (251 m)

      Question No. 2.
      For Rule XX of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, which of the following is not stated under Sec. 2004?
      a) On arcaded road rights-of-way (RROWs)/ streets, the signs shall not project more than 1.20 meters from the outermost portion of the wall line of the allowed structure over the
      arcade.
      b) Under no circumstances shall ground signs occupy the RROW/street or sidewalk/ arcade or similar access.
      c) On non-arcaded RROW/ streets, signs shall not extend more than1.20 meters over the sidewalk measured horizontally from the wall line or building line.

      Question No. 3.
      Under Rules VII and VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the common definition of a residential three (R-3) lot or building/ structure?
      a) medium-rise apartment
      b) row-house, shop-house or accessoria
      c) townhouse

      Question No. 4.
      Under the Guidelines of Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym OLBP?
      a) Outer Lines for Building Projects
      b) Outer Limit of Bulk Projected
      c) Outermost Limit of Building Projection

      Question No. 5.
      Under the Guidelines of Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the meaning of the acronym FLAR?
      a) Floor Area
      b) Floor Limited Area Ratio
      c) Floor to Lot Area Ratio

      Question No. 6
      Under the Guidelines for Rule VII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the range of angles, i.e., the alpha as stated in degrees, reckoned from the centerline of a 14.0 meter wide road right-of-way (RROW) in a low residential (R-1) zone that can determine the Outermost Face of Building (OFB) or the Outermost Limit of Building Projection (OLBP)?
      a) 35 to 38 degrees
      b) 38 to 39 degrees
      c) 39 to 41 degrees

      Question No. 7.
      Under the Guidelines for Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, which is not a component of an esplanade?
      a) promenade and plantstrips
      b) water
      c) carriageway

      Question No. 8.
      Under the Guidelines for Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the minimum recommended width for a promenade within the three meter (3.0) wide easement in an urban area?
      a) One point eighty meters (1.80 m)
      b) One point eighty five meters (1.85 m)
      c) One point ninety meters (1.90 m)

      Question No. 9.
      Under the Guidelines for Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is not considered a component of the road right-of-way (RROW) or street?
      a) Outermost Face of Building (OFB)
      b) carriageway
      c) sidewalk

      Question No. 10.
      Under the Guidelines for Rule VIII of the 2004 Revised IRR of the 1977 NBCP, what is the most commonly utilized development level of the road rightof-way (RROW) or street?
      a) RROW below grade level
      b) RROW at grade level
      c) RROW above grade level.

      Review Questions Structural Part 2

      Posted: 05 Oct 2008 04:17 AM CDT

      1. It is a structural system without complete vertical local carrying space frame. (NSCP 208.20)
      a) Braced frame
      b) Bearing wall system
      c) Rigid component
      d) Concentric braced frame

      2. Is a component including its attachments having fundamental period less than or equal to 0.06 sec. (NSCP 208.20)
      a) Braced frame
      b) Bearing wall system
      c) Rigid component
      d) Flexible component

      3. Is a component including its attachments having fundamental period greater than 0.60 sec. (NSCP 208.20)
      a) Braced frame
      b) Bearing wall system
      c) Rigid component
      d) Flexible component

      4. Concrete filled driven piles of uniform section shall have a nominal outside diameter of not less than (NSCP 307.7.3)
      a) 200 mm
      b) 250 mm
      c) 300 mm
      d) 350 mm

      5. A complete record of test of materials and of concrete shall be available for inspection during the progress of work and _______ years after completion of the project and shall be preserved by the inspecting engineer or architect for that purpose, (NSCP 403.20)
      a) 2 years
      b) 5 years
      c) 10 years
      d) 15 years

      6. The minimum bend diameter for 10mm Ø through 25mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30)
      a) 12 db
      b) 6 db
      c) 8 db
      d) 10 db

      7. The minimum bend diameter for 28mm Ø through 36mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30)
      a) 12 db
      b) 6 db
      c) 8 db
      d) 10 db

      8. The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in a layer must be db but not less than? (NSCP 407.7.3)
      a) 50mm
      b) 25mm
      c) 75mm
      d) 100mm

      9. In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced compression members, clear distance between longitudinal bars shall not be less than?
      (NSCP 407.7.3)
      a) 2.0 db
      b) 2.15 db
      c) 1.50 db
      d) 1.75 db

      10. In walls and slabs other than concrete joist construction, primary flexural reinforcement shall not be spaced farther apart than 3 times wall or slab thickness nor farther than? (NSCP 407.7.5)
      a) 375mm
      b) 450mm
      c) 500mm
      d) 300mm

      11. Groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as one unit shall be united to ___ pieces in one bundle. (NSCP 407.7.6.1)
      a) 4
      b) 3
      c) 2
      d) 5

      12. Bars larger than ___mm shall not be bundled in beams:
      (NSCP 407.7.6.3)
      a) 25mm
      b) 16mm
      c) 28mm
      d) 36mm

      13. Individual bars within a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall terminate at different points with at least ____ stagger: (NSCP 407.7.6.4)
      a) 12 db
      b) 10 db
      c) 50 db
      d) 40 db

      14. Minimum concrete cover cast against and permanently exposed to earth: (NSCP 407.8.1)
      a) 100 mm
      b) 75 mm
      c) 50 mm
      d) 150 mm

      15. The minimum clear concrete covering for cast in place slab:
      (NSCP 407.8.1)
      a) 20mm
      b) 25mm
      c) 40mm
      d) 50mm

      16. In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor Ø for flexure without axial loads: (NSCP 409.2.1)
      a) 0.85
      b) 0.75
      c) 0.90
      d) 0.70

      17. In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor Ø for shear and torsion: (NSCP 409.4.2.3)
      a) 0.70
      b) 0.75
      c) 0.85
      d) 0.90

      18. The minimum one way slab thickness which is simply supported at the ends only is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
      a) L/20
      b) L/24
      c) L/28
      d) L/10

      19. The minimum one way slab thickness for a ONE end continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
      a) L/20
      b) L/24
      c) L/10
      d) L/28

      20. The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH ends continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
      a) L/20
      b) L/24
      c) L/10
      d) L/28

      21. The minimum cantilevered slab thickness is : (NSCP 409.6.2)
      a) L/20
      b) L/24
      c) L/10
      d) L/28

      22. Deep continuous flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP 410.8.10)
      a) 0.40
      b) 0.60
      c) 0.75
      d) 0.70

      23. Deep simple span flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP 307.4.2)
      a) 0.40
      b) 0.60
      c) 0.75
      d) 0.70

      24. Spacing of shear reinforcement placed perpendicular to axis of non-prestressed member shall not exceed: (NSCP 411.6.4.1)
      a) d/2
      b) d/4
      c) ¾ d
      d) d/5

      25. Development length Ld for deformed bars in tension shall be less than: (NSCP 412.3.1)
      a) 300 mm
      b) 250 mm
      c) 200 mm
      d) 350 mm

      26. Is an essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type that is provided to resist lateral forces: (NCSP 208.1)
      a) Building frame system
      b) Braced frame
      c) Diaphragm
      d) Collector

      27. Is a horizontal or nearly horizontal system activity to transmit lateral forces to the vertical resisting elements:
      a) Building frame system
      b) Braced frame
      c) Diaphragm
      d) Collector

      28. Is a frame in which members and joints are capable of resisting forces primarily by flexure:
      a) Moment resisting frame
      b) Ordinary braced frame
      c) Truss
      d) Eccentric braced frame

      29. In the determination of seismic dead load with a minimum of ________% of floor live load shall be applicable for storage and warehouse occupancies. (NSCP 208.5.1.1)
      a) 50%
      b) 25%
      c) 30%
      d) 35%

      30. The slope of cut surfaces shall be no steeper than _______% slope. (NSCP 302.2.2)
      a) 50%
      b) 60%
      c) 30%d) 40%

      Review Questions NBC Part 6

      Posted: 05 Oct 2008 04:14 AM CDT

      1. Which does the building code regulate and control?
      a) illumination
      b) construction
      c) air-conditioning
      d) cost

      2. Which is not part of the general powers and functions of the secretary of the Public Works, Transportation and Communication pertinent to the National Building Code?
      a) prescribe the fix amount of fees
      b) formulate policies, plans, standards and guidelines
      c) evaluate, review approve and/or take final action on changes and/or amendments to existing referral codes
      d) formulate guidelines on land-use planning and zoning

      3. Who is responsible in carrying out the provisions of the National Building Code?
      a) city planning and development officer
      b) city assessor
      c) building official
      d) city engineer

      4. What are the two cases which invalidates the building permit.
      I - when construction does not commence with in one year from the date of its issue;
      II - when construction is suspended for more than one year;
      III - when construction is suspended for six months;
      IV - when construction is suspended or abandoned for a period of 120 days :::

      a) II and III b
      ) I and III
      c) I and II
      d) I and IV

      5. Which is a reason or ground for non-issuance, suspension or revocation of a building permit?
      a) failure to commence construction within six months
      b) non-payment of fees
      c) incorrect assessments
      d) errors found in plans and specifications

      6. What document is necessary in order to legally occupy a building?
      a) certificate of occupancy
      b) certificate of completion
      c) building permit
      d) zoning compliance

      7. Group J is _____.
      a) business and mercantile
      b) residential dwellings
      c) ancillary
      d) institutional

      8. Where is the measurement of site occupancy taken?
      a) gross floor area
      b) ground level
      c) upper floors
      d) net usable areas

      9. Which is not a determinant in the limitation of maximum site occupancy?
      a) use
      b) type of construction
      c) location of site
      d) cost of building

      10. What is the minimum height of ceilings for spaces that are naturally ventilated.
      a) 2700mm
      b) 3000mm
      c) 2400mm
      d) 1800mm

      11. What is the minimum head room clearance for the third floor that is artificially ventilated?
      a) 2400mm
      b) 1800mm
      c) 2100mm
      d) 2700mm

      12. The minimum window area for a 12 square meter naturally ventilated room.
      a) 1 square meter
      b) 1.4 square meters
      c) 1.5 square meters
      d) 1.20 square meters

      13. An off premise sign.
      a) bill board
      b) business sign
      c) display stand
      d) advertising sign

      14. In order to positively drain a sidewalk, its slope shall be about ___.
      a) 1:4
      b) 1:20
      c) 1:50
      d) 1:10

      15. When means of exit is insufficient.
      a) electrical hazard
      b) structural
      c) fire hazard
      d) architectural eyesore

      16. Any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building or structure.
      a) erection
      b) renovation
      c) addition
      d) conversion

      17. Change from residential to commercial use of a building.
      a) alteration
      b) repair
      c) conversion
      d) moving

      18. Construction of partitions and roofing on the roof deck in order to make it habitable.
      a) conversion
      b) renovation
      c) demolition
      d) addition

      19. Comfortable cool temperature is _____ centigrade.
      a) 20 - 23
      b) 12 - 16
      c) 23 - 25
      d) 30 - 33

      20. What is the minimum access road that is provided by the National building code?
      a) 3m
      b) 4m
      c) 5m
      d) 2.5m

      21. Which office issue certificate of height clearance for buildings located within approach and departure zones of airports?
      a) Civil Aeronautics Board
      b) Philippine Ports Authority
      c) Air transportation Office
      d) Building Official's Office

      22. Which is not required in applying for a building permit?
      a) business permit
      b) transfer certificate of title
      c) lot plan
      d) application form

      23. Which is not a required community service and utility for subdivision project under PD 957.
      a) telecommunications
      b) roads
      c) power supply
      d) parks

      24. Which is the most important basic need of human settlement?
      a) water
      b) circulation
      c) drainage
      d) power

      25. What is the minimum slope for accessible ramps for disabled?
      a) 1:12
      b) 1:6
      c) 1:10
      d) 1:8
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    • CAFA notes
      CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Structural Questions Part 2 and 3 Posted: 19 Oct 2008 06:53 AM CDT
      Message 2 of 24 , Oct 19, 2008
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        CAFA notes

        Answers to Structural Questions Part 2 and 3

        Posted: 19 Oct 2008 06:53 AM CDT

        1. b) Bearing wall system

        2. c) Rigid component

        3. d) Flexible component

        4. a) 200 mm

        5. a) 2 years

        6. b) 6 db

        7. c) 8 db

        8. b) 25mm

        9. c) 1.50 db

        10. b) 450mm

        11. a) 4

        12. d) 36mm

        13. d) 40 db

        14. b) 75 mm

        15. a) 20mm

        16. c) 0.90

        17. c) 0.85

        18. a) L/20

        19. b) L/24

        20. d) L/28

        21. c) L/10

        22. a) 0.40

        23. c) 0.75

        24. a) d/2

        25. a) 300 mm

        26. b) Braced frame

        27. c) Diaphragm

        28. a) Moment resisting frame

        29. b) 25%

        30. a) 50%

        31. b) 10 days

        32. a) 50%

        33. b) 0.60 M

        34. c) 6.00 M

        35. c) 200 mm

        36. b) 15 Mpa

        37. c) 150 mm

        38. b) 50 Kpa

        39. b) 12mm

        40. c) 16mm

        41. c) 10%

        42. a) 1.50 M

        43. d) 3.00 M

        44. c) 30 times

        45. a) 17.50 Mpa

        46. b) 20 Mpa

        47. a) 75 mm

        48. d) 35 Mpa

        49. b) 250 mm

        50. b) Essential facilities

        51. a) Miscellaneous occupancy

        52. c) Special occupancy

        53. d) Hazardous facility

        54. b) L/360

        55. a) L/240

        56. b) 2

        57. d) 1.50

        58. b) 25%

        59. a) 20%

        60. b) 10%

        Review Questions Structural Part 3

        Posted: 19 Oct 2008 06:44 AM CDT

        31. Before commencing the excavation work, the person making the excavation shall notify in writing the owner of the adjoining building not less than _____days before such excavation is to be made. (NSCP 302.2.4)
        a) 15 days
        b) 10 days
        c) 30 days
        d) 60 days

        32. Fill slopes shall not be constructed on natural slopes steeper than ____% slope (NSCP 302.3.1)
        a) 50%
        b) 10%
        c) 20%
        d) 60%

        33. The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary line: (NSCP 302.4.3)
        a) 0.80 M
        b) 0.60 M
        c) 1.50 M
        d) 2.00 M

        34. The max. distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary: (NSCP 302.4.3)
        a) 0.80 M
        b) 0.60 M
        c) 6.00 M
        d) 1.00 M

        35. In using sand backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in poured footings, the sand shall be thoroughly compacted by tamping in layers not more than _____mm in depth? (NSCP 305.7.3)
        a) 500 mm
        b) 400 mm
        c) 200 mm
        d) 300 mm

        36. In using a concrete backfill in the annular space around column not embedded in poured footings, the concrete shall have ultimate strength of ____Mpa at 28 days. (NSCP 305.7.3)
        a) 30 Mpa
        b) 15 Mpa
        c) 10 Mpa
        d) 5 Mpa

        37. When grillage footings of structural steel shapes are used on soils, they shall be completely embedded in concrete. Concrete cover shall be at least _____mm on the bottom. (NSCP 305.8)
        a) 100 mm
        b) 200 mm
        c) 150 mm
        d) 250 mm

        38. Temporary open air portable bleachers may be supported upon wood sills or steel plates placed directly upon the ground surface, provided soil pressure does not exceed ____Kpa. (NSCP 305.9)
        a) 100 Kpa
        b) 50 Kpa
        c) 150 Kpa
        d) 200 Kpa

        39. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 2 seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)
        a) 10mm
        b) 12mm
        c) 16mm
        d) 20mm

        40. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 4 seismic area in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60)
        a) 10mm
        b) 12mm
        c) 16mm
        d) 20mm

        41. Individual pile caps and caissons of every structure subjected to seismic forces shall be interconnected by ties. Such ties shall be capable of resisting in tension or compression a minimum horizontal force equal to _____% of the largest column vertical load. (NSCP 306.20)
        a) 15%
        b) 20%
        c) 10%
        d) 25%

        42. Such piles into firm ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)
        a) 1.50 M
        b) 2.00 M
        c) 2.50 M
        d) 3.00 M

        43. Such piles into soft ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)
        a) 1.50 M
        b) 2.00 M
        c) 2.50 M
        d) 3.00 M

        44. The maximum length of cast in place piles/bored piles shall be _____times the average diameter of the pile. (NSCP 307.2.1)
        a) 10 times
        b) 20 times
        c) 30 times
        d) 15 times

        45. Cast in place/bored piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than ______Mpa. (NSCP 307.2.1)
        a) 17.50 Mpa
        b) 20 Mpa
        c) 15 Mpa
        d) 25 Mpa

        46. Pre-cast concrete piles shall have a specific compressive strength Fc of not less than _____Mpa. (NSCP 304.7.1)
        a) 17.50 Mpa
        b) 20 Mpa
        c) 15 Mpa
        d) 25 Mpa

        47. The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a driven pre-cast concrete pile center to center. (NSCP 307.5.1)
        a) 75 mm
        b) 100 mm
        c) 125 mm
        d) 150 mm

        48. Pre-cast pre-stressed concrete piles shall have a specified compressive strength Fc of not less than ____Mpa.
        (NSCP 307.5.1)
        a) 20 Mpa
        b) 15 Mpa
        c) 25 Mpa
        d) 35 Mpa

        49. The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must be? (NSCP 307.6.3)
        a) 300 mm
        b) 250 mm
        c) 350 mm
        d) 400 mm

        50. Aviation control towers fall to what type of occupancy?
        a) Special occupancy structures
        b) Essential facilities
        c) Hazardous facility
        d) Standard occupancy

        51. Private garages, carports, sheds, agricultural buildings fall to what type of occupancy?
        a) Miscellaneous occupancy
        b) Essential facilities
        c) Special occupancy
        d) Hazardous facility

        52. Buildings used for college or adult education with a capacity of 500 or more students fall to what type of occupancy?
        a) Miscellaneous occupancy
        b) Essential facilities
        c) Special occupancy
        d) Hazardous facility

        53. Buildings or structures therein housing and supporting toxic or explosive chemicals or substances fall to what type of category?
        a) Miscellaneous occupancy
        b) Essential facilities
        c) Special occupancy
        d) Hazardous facility

        54. The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with live load only. (NSCP 107.2.2)
        a) L/300
        b) L/360
        c) L/200
        d) L/240

        55. The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with dead load and live load only. (NSCP 104.2.2)
        a) L/240
        b) L/300
        c) L/360
        d) L/200

        56. Retaining walls shall be designed to resist sliding by at least _______times the lateral force. (NSCP 206.6)
        a) 3
        b) 2
        c) 1.50
        d) 1.0

        57. Retaining walls shall be designed to resist overturning by at least ______times the overturning moment. (NSCP 206.6)
        a) 1.0
        b) 2.50
        c) 2.0
        d) 1.50

        58. As per NSCP 2001 sect. 206.9.3 vertical impact force for crane load, if powered monorail cranes are considered, the max. wheel load of the crane shall be increased by what percent to determine the induced vertical impact? (NSCP 206.9.3)
        a) 50%
        b) 25%
        c) 15%
        d) 20%

        59. The lateral force on a crane runway beam with electrically powered trolleys shall be calculated as ______% of the sum of the rated capacity of the crane and the weight of the hoist and trolley.
        (NSCP 206.9.4)
        a) 20%
        b) 15%
        c) 30%
        d) 50%

        60. The longitudinal forces on crane runway beams, except for bridge cranes with hand geared bridges shall be calculated as _____% of the max. wheel load of the crane. (NSCP 206.9.5)
        a) 15%
        b) 10%
        c) 25%
        d) 20%
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      • CAFA notes
        CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Module 1 Introduction Site Planning Posted: 29 Oct 2008 09:51 AM CDT
        Message 3 of 24 , Oct 29, 2008
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          CAFA notes

          Module 1 Introduction Site Planning

          Posted: 29 Oct 2008 09:51 AM CDT

          Module 1 Introduction

          Definition of Site Planning


          Site planning is the art and science of arranging the uses of portions of land.

          Site planners designate these uses in detail by selecting and analyzing sites, forming land use plans, organizing vehicular and pedestrian circulation, developing visual form and materials concepts, readjusting the existing landforms by design grading, providing proper drainage, and finally developing the construction details to carry out their projects.

          Site planners arrange for the accommodation of the program of activities clients have specified.

          They must relate these components to each other, the sites, and structures and activities on adjacent sites – for whether sites are small or big, they must be viewed as part of the total environment.

          Site planning is the organization of the external physical environment to accommodate human behavior.

          It deals with the qualities and locations of structures, land, activities, and living things.

          It creates a pattern of those elements in space and time, which will be subject to continuous future management and change.

          The technical output – the grading plans, utility layout, survey locations, planting plans, sketches, diagrams, and specifications -–are simply a conventional way of specifying this complex organization.

          Site Concepts and Principles (Kevin Lynch)


          - Every site is a unique interconnected web of things and activities that imposes limitations and offers possibilities.

          - A site or project/planning area varies in size, location and characteristics. (can be located anywhere on land or beside a body of water, or may concern a small cluster of houses, a single building and its grounds, or something as extensive as a small community built in a single operation).

          -“A site in its own right is a living, changing community of plants and animals.” Such a community also has its own interests that should be conserved, preserved or protected.

          -Knowledge of the site is vital in planning especially in mitigating competing or conflicting interests between potential users and existing occupants to avert natural disasters such as severe erosion, water intrusion, flooding, a drop in the water table, etc.

          - The site and its intended purpose are closely interrelated

          - Understanding the site to define or establish the essential character or nature of the site or “the spirit of the place” (genius loci) to maintain, to some degree, a continuity of the preexisting conditions within the locale. Every place has a character, which may include the wider landscape or may be local to a street or village.

          - A sufficient knowledge and understanding of the nature of the site would make the planner much conscious and sensitive to the site’s distinct character and “closely knit” complexity “as to be worthy of his interest, concern and even his affection.”
          - Understanding the site has two branches – one oriented to the users’ and the other to the site itself.





          Objectives of Site Planning

          Site planning is concerned with the environment around buildings, open spaces within the built environment and areas which are non-agricultural.
          - It provides a means of identifying and understanding problems that arise from the relationship between man and the land.
          - Decide the best location of each land use and each activity at site.
          - Who are to use the land, what activities they are likely to want to do there and what sort of environment is required if the users have to get a high level of satisfaction out of participating in site planning
          - How analysis of the site’s environment (physical/social/ environmental/ cultural/political) are required by each activity could be used to decide which part of the site can stay the same, which parts need to be changed and what these changes aim to achieve. (impacts)
          - How to influence the appearance of the site by developing appropriate landscape types and using suitable landscape management methods. (methods/environmental quality)
          - How to work out the details of what should happen on a given area of land; how it should happen & what it will cost to implement and manage the project on the area of land.
          Essence of Site Planning

          According to Beer, the essence of site planning allows all concerned stakeholders to think systematically through the whole range of issues that relate to deciding what should happen on an area of land (site planning is multi-dimensional / multi-stakeholder / multi-sectoral activity)

          - no one particular viewpoint is considered
          - “holistic viewpoint”
          - “multi-dimensional” viewpoint
          - “comprehensive” viewpoint

          - Think through all the problem that are likely to be associated with developing the site or changing its use.

          - Site planning attempts to consider the site in relation to the interest of society as a whole as well as those of the developer/client when determining what activities should or should not happen on land with the least possible adverse effect on the environment as a whole.





          - Economic / social issues factored in to accommodate the interest of developer, politicians especially.
          - ultimate decision-maker would be the developer guided by
          a. policy – CLUP, laws, ordinances
          b. systems and procedures / dev’t control
          c. financial / economic constraints
          d. market demand
          - focus more on the analysis of the physical / natural environment to determine constraints to land development / building development.


          - To ensure that necessary expansive solutions are not chosen


          - Site planning can help to reduce long term management cost associated with operating on a site.

          When to do Site Planning?



          - A client has an intended use in mind (the project has been identified) and has identified a site (site is available). The site planner proceeds with the planning process.

          - A client has an intended use in mind (the project has been identified) but does not know where to build the project (site is not yet available). In this case, a site planner is commissioned to identify an appropriate site based on the needs of the client and plan the property.

          - A client has a piece of property (the site is available) but does not know what to do with it (the project has not been identified). In this case, a site planner is commissioned to determine the best use for the property and plan it.


          Site Planning Process

          - A thorough assessment of the natural environment and the associated physical characteristics of the site and its surroundings.


          - A detailed analysis of the users and their requirements in terms of facilities for each activity and the sort of environment needed to enable the activity to take place (environmental setting) with the maximum possible user satisfaction.


          - An assessment of the potential of the site, based on the relationship between the physical characteristics of the site and the user requirements.


          - An assessment of possibilities for changing the physical characteristics of the site to make a better match between the users and the site.


          - Assessing the impact on the natural and visual environments of any changes to the physical aspects of the site.


          - Proposing a plan for the site which is a balance between man’s requirements and the need to ensure the conservation and enhancement of the natural environment.


          Stages in the Production of a Site Plan

          (As a cycle of events, site planning generally involves a sequence of stages that begins when a developer or client of the site planner decides to develop a site to the production of design briefs. The flow chart below summarizes the general process taken in the production of a site plan - Beer, 1990) 1. Client wants to develop a site

          2. Technical Team assembled

          3. Key Issues Identified

          4. Alternative Site Examined

          5. Discussions with local planners/stakeholders

          6. SITE INVENTORY AND ASSESSMENT

          7. Present and Future Needs

          8. Site Potential Assessed

          9. Environmental Policies

          10. Alternative Development Concepts Examined

          11. SITE PLAN

          12. Planning Approval sought by client

          13. Design and Management Briefs developed


          Site Inventory and Assessment

          - Involves a thorough assessment of the natural environment and the associated physical characteristics of the site and its surroundings.

          - Such factors are found above, below, and on the ground; make up the nature of the site;


          - Knowing these factors and their interrelationships enables one to determine site constraints (threats) and potentials (opportunities).


          - Knowledge of constraints and threats can mitigate or minimize potential damage or adverse effects that site development may cause on the ecological (i.e., physical/biological) and social fabric within the site or within the general vicinity of the site.


          - Knowledge of the potentials and opportunities of the site can clarify, reveal or enhance the nature of the site as well as the plan or design.

          Data/Information Required in Preparing a Site Profile

          - Site Inventory and Assessment require the collection of comprehensive and structured sets of data descriptive of the geo-physical, biological and social environment in the site and around the site. A site profile is the outcome of this activity.

          Why Prepare a Site Profile?

          - For planners, it provides information on the status and characteristics of the various aspects of the environment which are indicative of the potentials and weaknesses of a particular area.


          - For decision makers, the site profile provides information on the environment needed in the formulation of policies, strategies or business decisions pertaining specifically to the area or to the environment in general.

          - For those concerned with the assessment and monitoring of the environment, the site profile provides benchmark information on the environment with which various scenarios can be drawn up with the introduction of particular development project(s).


          In general, the Site Profile is a valuable tool:


          - In making better decisions and trade-offs for more rational or sustainable development.

          - In taking stock of or assessing the status of the environment of an area as of a given time.

          - In providing information on the environment for consideration in project planning and development as well as for monitoring and evaluation of a project’s impact on the environment;

          - In preparing and evaluating the Initial Environmental Examination or the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); and

          - In providing information for the purposes of management and conservation of the environment

          Description and Basis of Site Layout

          Given the project’s general location, it is often desirable to draw up a site master plan to indicate the spatial arrangement of the various facilities and show the allocation of spaces to the different activities involved.
          - Such plan will help ensure that the most functionally efficient layout, compatible with an acceptable standard of environmental quality is obtained.
          - Site and land use planning involves, firstly, a consideration of various developmental purposes.
          - A sieve map which grades the various sections of the area according to the degree of physical difficulty in developing them, is helpful in allocating the land for different uses.
          - From this map can be noted the areas with steep slopes, low-lying sections liable to flooding, areas with weak subsoil, etc. and other sections that restrict development except at high cost.
          - At the same time, areas easily suitable for various developmental uses can be shown.

















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        • CAFA notes
          CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Utilities Review Questions Parts 3 and 4 Posted: 30 Oct 2008 11:18 PM CDT
          Message 4 of 24 , Oct 30, 2008
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            CAFA notes

            Answers to Utilities Review Questions Parts 3 and 4

            Posted: 30 Oct 2008 11:18 PM CDT

            1.the reciprocal of ohm

            2. Watt

            3. governor

            4. 1 lumen per sq.m.

            5. Water distributing pipe

            6. Magnetic flux

            7. Varies inversely with

            8. counterweight

            9. Full bath

            10. Method of cooling

            11. All of the above

            12. Globe valve

            13. A mechanical device used to step up or step down voltage in ac

            14. Thermal load

            15. fixture

            16. Hardwood panel

            17. Polarization

            18. Nikola Tesla

            19. Melamine foam linear wedges

            20. Rigid metal conduit (RMC)

            21. 3 section truss

            22. Battery of fixtures

            23. Heat resistant thermoplastic

            24. Drainage, waste and vent

            25. Curve surface

            26. All of these

            27. All of these

            28. Gooseneck

            29. All of the above

            30. 2-s3w and 1-s4w

            31. Seasonal energy efficiency ratio

            32. Acoustical tile

            33. Privy

            34. Bonded acoustical panel

            35. R-22

            36. Low resistance, high current

            37. Riser

            38. Cable tray

            39. Silver

            40. All of the above

            41. Stack

            42. All of these

            43. Nadir

            44. Water main

            45. Resistance and reactance

            46. Type x

            47. Panelboard

            48. Sound absorption

            49. Conduit

            50. Architectural acoustics

            51. cesspool

            52. metal clad cable (type MC)

            53. Current

            54. Structureborne sound

            55. plumbing

            56. Carpet

            57. 3 ropes are required for traction type elevator

            58. Building sewer

            59. Environmental acoustics

            60. All of these

            61. Ball valve

            62. Tetrahedral in shape

            63. Branch interval

            64. Yoke vent

            65. Hermholtz resonator

            66. gooseneck

            67. Endless belt

            68. 558mm

            69. Septic tank

            70. carpet

            71. Drainage fixture unit

            72. Individual resonator

            73. Series circuit

            74. Roughing-in

            75. Loose fill insulations

            76. Both a and b

            77. Trap

            78. Threshold of hearing

            79. Farad

            80. Backpressure

            81. Switch

            82. Waste stack

            83. Non metallic sheathed cable (type NM and NMC)

            84. Water distributing pipe

            85. Both a and b

            86. That sound travels in a vacuum

            87. Soil pipe

            88. A and b

            89. Water supply system

            90. All of the above

            91. Gold

            92. Both a and b

            93. Both a and b

            94. Dichlorodifluormethane

            95. 90-120fpm

            96. Multi-outlet assembly

            97. 10% opening

            98. Transfer switch

            99. Cafeteria with people in it

            100. All of the above

            Review Questions Building Utilities Part 4

            Posted: 30 Oct 2008 10:16 PM CDT

            51. A loosely lined excavation in the ground which receives the discharge of a septic tank and designed to permit the effluent from the septic tank to seep through the bottom and sides of the pit.
            a. Privy
            b. Drain pit
            c. Septic tank
            d. cesspool

            52. A factory assembly of one or more conductors, each individually insulated and enclosed in a metallic sheath of interlocking metal tape, or a smooth corrugated metallic tube.
            a. metal clad cable (type MC)
            b. Shielded non-metallic sheathed cable (type SNM)
            c. Armored cable (type AC)
            d. Mineral insulated, metal sheathed cable (type MI)

            53. It is analogous to pressure in water flow.
            a. Resistance
            b. Voltage
            c. Current
            d. power

            54. When sound impinges on a surface such as walls, floor, ceiling, etc. It is referred to as _____.
            a. Liquidborne sound
            b. Solidborne sound
            c. Airborne sound
            d. Structureborne sound

            55. The art and science of installing in buildings the pipes, fixtures and other apparatus for bringing in water supply and removing water and waterborne waste.
            a. Plumbing system
            b. Sanitary drainage system
            c. Drainage system
            d. plumbing

            56. Any of a variety of soft floor finishes made of synthetic materials such as nylon or natural material such as wool. It is either glued directly to the floor or installed over an underlayment of hair felt or foam rubber. What is it?
            a. Panel absorber
            b. Carpet
            c. Curtain and fabrics
            d. Volume resonator

            57. Which of the following is a violation of all the provisions in the mechanical code on elevator design and installation?
            a. 30mm is the diameter of hoisting and counterweight cables
            b. 600mm is the depth of elevator pit measured from the bottom of pit to the underside of the car platform
            c. 3 ropes are required for traction type elevator
            d. 4 ropes are required for drum type elevator

            58. That part of the drainage system that extends from the end of the building drain and conveys its discharge to the public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage disposal system or other appropriate point of disposal.
            a. Building sewer
            b. Building drain
            c. Building storm drain
            d. Building sewage pipe

            59. A branch of acoustics that involves the control of noise pollution, environmental noise, which include motor vehicles, aircraft noise, etc.
            a. Environmental acoustics
            b. Musical acoustics
            c. Architectural acoustics
            d. Psychological acoustics

            60. Alternating current is characterized as having _____.
            a. Positive and negative polarity
            b. Average value is zero
            c. Has frequency
            d. All of these

            61. A valve in which the flow of liquid is controlled by a rotating drilled ball that fits tightly against a resilient (flexible) seat in the valve body.
            a. Angle valve
            b. Check valve
            c. Float valve
            d. Ball valve

            62. Pyramid is a type of commercially produced acoustical tile. Which of the following is not a characteristic of this material?
            a. Made of open celled polyurethane acoustical foam
            b. Available in 2,3, & 4inch thickness
            c. Tetrahedral in shape
            d. Ideal for audio room application

            63. A vertical length of soil or waste stack at least 8 feet in height (a storey high), within which the horizontal branches from one storey or floor of the building or structure are connected to the stack.
            a. Fixture branch
            b. Branch drain
            c. Branch pipe
            d. Branch interval

            64. A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack below the floor and below the horizontal connection to an adjacent vent stack at a point above the floor and higher than the highest spill level of fixtures for preventing pressure changes in the stack.
            a. Vent stack
            b. Yoke vent
            c. Unit vent
            d. Individual vent

            65. This material is so named in honor of a German physicist, consista of a holllow material with a small hole on one side. This is used to detect individual frequency of complex acoustic wave configuration.
            a. Transondent
            b. Hermholtz resonator
            c. Pyramid
            d. Panel absorber

            66. A kind of return bend of small-sized faucet, one end of which is about one foot long and the other end is about three inches. It is commonly used as a faucet for pantry sink and drinking fountain. Also the lead connection between the service pipe and the water main. Also a p-trap.
            a. Spigot
            b. Faucet
            c. Tailpiece
            d. gooseneck

            67. A continuous belt (chain) attached to the handrail and directly connected to the steps is known as _____.
            a. Endless belt
            b. Balustrade assembly
            c. Sprocket assembly
            d. handrail

            68. What is the minimum distance between the handrails of escalators?
            a. 600mm
            b. 558mm
            c. 658mm
            d. 650mm

            69. A watertight receptacle which the discharge of sanitary plumbing system or part thereof, designed and constructed to retain solids, digest organic matter through a period of detention and to allow the liquids to discharge into the soil outside of the tank through a system of open jointed subsurface piping or seepage pit.
            a. Seepage pit
            b. Septic tank
            c. Privy vault
            d. cesspool

            70. Which material would exhibit the highest sound absorption coefficient (SAC) value?
            a. Marble
            b. Wood
            c. Plastic
            d. carpet

            71. A common measure of the probable discharge into the drainage system by various types of plumbing fixtures on the basis of one unit of this being equal to a discarge rate of 7.5 gallons per minute or one cubic foot of water per minute.
            a. Flow rate
            b. Drainage fixture unit
            c. Flow pressure
            d. Drainage flow

            72. A type of resonator made from empty clay vessels of different sizes. Their absorption ranges from 100-400 hertz.
            a. Individual resonator
            b. Slit resonator
            c. Perforated resonator
            d. None of the above

            73. A circuit type where components are electrically connected end to end.
            a. Series circuit
            b. Parallel circuit
            c. Series parallel circuit
            d. None of these

            74. The installation of parts of the plumbing system which can be completed prior to installation of fixtures or finishing. This includes drainage, water supply and vent piping and necessary fixture supports.
            a. Roughing-in
            b. Mock-up installation
            c. Pre-installation
            d. setting

            75. These consist of loose fibers or granules and is made from cellulose, fiberglass, rock wool, cotton or other materials. These materials come in bags and are usually blown into cavities using special equipment. What are these?
            a. Acoustical foams
            b. Foam panels
            c. Loose fill insulations
            d. Fireflexes

            76. The over-all covering of underground feeder and branch circuit cables shall be ____.
            a. Fungus resistant
            b. Corrosion resistant
            c. Both a and b
            d. None of these

            77. A fitting or device designed and constructed to provide, when properly vented, a liquid seal which prevents backflow and passage of foul air and gases without materially affecting the flow of sewage or wastewater through it.
            a. Trap
            b. Fitting
            c. Pipe
            d. valve

            78. The rustling of leaves in breeze is said to be within the ____.
            a. Threshold of hearing
            b. Threshold of hearing loss
            c. Threshold of inaudibility
            d. Threshold of feeling

            79. Unit of capacitance is _____.
            a. Henry
            b. Coulomb
            c. Farad
            d. weber

            80. A suction created by the flow of liquids in pipe, a pressure less than the atmospheric pressure.
            a. Backflow
            b. Backpressure
            c. Siphonage
            d. Flow pressure

            81. The basic elements of an electric circuit are the following except ____.
            a. Source
            b. Switch
            c. Conducting path
            d. Electrical load

            82. A vertical pipe which conveys only wastewater or liquid waste free of fecal matter.
            a. Waste pipe
            b. Soil pipe
            c. Soil stack
            d. Waste stack

            83. A factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors having an outer sheath of moisture-resistant, flame retardant, non metallic material.
            a. Service entrance cable (type SE and USE)
            b. Shielded non metallic sheathed cable (type SNM )
            c. Non metallic sheathed cable (type NM and NMC)
            d. Mineral insulated metal sheathed cable (type MI)

            84. A pipe which conveys potable water from the building supply pipe to the plumbing fixtures and other outlets.
            a. Water service pipe
            b. Water main
            c. Water distributing pipe
            d. Building and water supply pipe

            85. Cables are conductors that are ____.
            a. Larger than wires
            b. Stranded (no.6 AWG and larger)
            c. Both a and b
            d. None of these

            86. The following statements are true with regards to sound except ___.
            a. That sound is an aural sensation
            b. That sound is caused by oscillation in an elastic medium
            c. That sound travels in a vacuum
            d. That sound is caused by the vibration of particles which move in an infinitesimal amount causing particles to impart motion and energy to them

            87. Any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closet, urinal or fixtures having similar function, with or without the discharges from other fixtures to the building drain or building sewer.
            a. Soil pipe
            b. Waste pipe
            c. Building drain
            d. Building sewer

            88. Copper as a conductor has the property/properties of being ____.
            a. Ductile
            b. Malleable
            c. A only
            d. A and b

            89. In a building consists of the water service pipe, water supply line, water distributing pipes and the essential branch pipes, valves and all other appurtenances for the supply of potable water.
            a. Water supply system
            b. Water pipe system
            c. Water distribution system
            d. Building water service and sewage piping system

            90. The velocity of sound is affected by _____.
            a. Temperature
            b. Kind of medium
            c. Material density
            d. All of the above

            91. Which of the following metallic materials is considered as the best conductor of electricity?
            a. Copper
            b. Aluminum
            c. Iron
            d. Gold

            92. What aspect/s of environment or surroundings is/are considered in air-conditioning system for human comfort?
            a. Temperature of the surrounding air
            b. Motion of air
            c. Both a and b
            d. None of these

            93. Example/s of conductors-on-insulator wiring is are ______.
            a. Concealed knob and tube
            b. Open wiring on insulators
            c. Both a and b
            d. None of these

            94. What is the refrigerant name of R-12?
            a. Monochlorotrifluoromethane
            b. Dichlorodifluormethane
            c. Monochlorodifluormethane
            d. Trichloromonofluoromethane

            95. The recommended speed for escalators ranges from____.
            a. 90-120fpm
            b. 130-180fpm
            c. 165-180fpm
            d. 60-80fpm

            96. A type of surface flush raceway designed to receive conductors and receptacles assembled in the field or in the factory.
            a. Underfloor raceway
            b. Multi-outlet assembly
            c. Cellular metal floor raceway
            d. Surface metal raceway (SMR)

            97. Transondent facings are those transparent facings with holes. Which facing will reflect more sound?
            a. 10% opening
            b. 20% opening
            c. 30% opening
            d. 40% opening

            98. A type of switch used for transferring one or more load conductor connections from one power source to another.
            a. Transfer switch
            b. Isolating switch
            c. General use switch
            d. General snap switch

            99. Which of the following sources of sound produces the highest sound pressure level (SPL)?
            a. Loud street noise
            b. Accelerating motorcycle 50ft away
            c. Office activities
            d. Cafeteria with people in it

            100. What are the property(ies) of concrete as an acoustical material are/is important?
            a. Aerated concrete is fairly absorptive
            b. Concrete provides virtually no absorption
            c. Concrete accepts and transmits impact sound
            d. All of the above

            Review Questions Building Utilities Part 3

            Posted: 30 Oct 2008 10:40 PM CDT

            1.Mho as used in electrical systems calculation is defined as _______.
            a. the reciprocal of ohm
            b. A unit of inductance
            c. A unit of resistance
            d. The reciprocal of siemen

            2. A unit of mechanical power is horsepower. What is electrical power?
            a. Watt
            b. Volt-ampere
            c. Ampere
            d. Both a and b

            3. The following are basic component parts of an escalator except____.
            a. Balustrade assembly
            b. Continuous belt
            c. Step assembly
            d. governor

            4. In lighting and illumination calculation, what is the unit for lux?
            a. 1/p candela per sq.m.
            b. 1 lumen per sq.m.
            c. 1/p candela per sq.ft.
            d. 1 lumen per sq.ft.

            5. The first section of water supply piping in a building after the water meter.
            a. Water main
            b. Water distributing pipe
            c. Building supply pipe
            d. Water service pipe

            6. Tesla is the unit of____.
            a. Magnetic flux
            b. Magnetic induction
            c. Both a and b
            d. None of these

            7. In Inverse Square Law, it states that: “sound intensity ______ the square of the distance from the source.”
            a. Varies inversely with
            b. Varies proportionally with
            c. Is equal to
            d. Is less than

            8. Which of the following is not a component of a hydraulic elevator?
            a. Plunger
            b. Oil reservoir
            c. Gate valve
            d. counterweight

            9. A bathroom containing a water closet, a lavatory, and a bathtub.
            a. Full bath
            b. Half bath
            c. Three quarter bath
            d. Quarter bath

            10. The following are elements of centralized airconditioning system except _______.
            a. Air handling unit
            b. Control equipment
            c. Method of cooling
            d. All of these

            11. Acoustics is a science that concerns with ______.
            a. Transmission of sound
            b. Effect of sound waves
            c. Generation of sound
            d. All of the above

            12. A valve in which the flow of water is cut off by means of a circular disk that fits against the valve seat. The plane of movement of the disk is parallel to the normal direction of flow of water, which is turned through a tortuous passage to direct the flow normal to the face of the disk.
            a. Gate valve
            b. Check valve
            c. Globe valve
            d. Angle valve

            13. A transformer is ______.
            a. An ac device
            b. A dc device
            c. A mechanical device used to step up or step down voltage in ac
            d. Both a and c

            14. A factor used in calculating cooling load that includes heat transferred from walls, doors, ceilings, etc. is known as _____.
            a. Solar load
            b. Infiltration and ventilation load
            c. Thermal load
            d. Internal load

            15. A receptacle attached to a plumbing system other than a trap in which water or wastes may be collected or obtained for ultimate into the plumbing system.
            a. Valve
            b. Waste pipe
            c. fitting
            d. fixture

            16. The following are examples of pre-fabricated acoustical units except ______.
            a. Slotted tile or panel
            b. Fissured tile panel
            c. Shredded wood foamboard
            d. Hardwood panel

            17. The following are ways in which heat may be transferred except____.
            a. Conduction
            b. Convection
            c. Polarization
            d. Radiation

            18. Who said these prophetic words: “Let the future tell the truth and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishment. The present is theirs, the future for which I really worked for is mine.”?
            a. Nikola Tesla
            b. James Watt
            c. Andre Marie Ampere
            d. George Westinghouse

            19. Which material would effectively reduce reflected noise and reverberation time to produce safe and enjoyable surrounding?
            a. Polyurethane foam sound absorber
            b. Melamine foam linear wedges
            c. Acoustical baffles
            d. Vinyl encapsulate acoustical baffles

            20. A type of raceway specially constructed for the purpose of pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the conduit is in place.
            a. Intermediate metal conduit (IMC)
            b. Rigid metal conduit (RMC)
            c. Surface metal raceway (SMR)
            d. Electrical metallic tubing (EMT)

            21. The typical truss configuration used in the installation of an escalator.
            a. 2 section truss
            b. 3 section truss
            c. 4 section truss
            d. 5 section truss

            22. Any group of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common horizontal waste or soil branch.
            a. Battery of fixtures
            b. Multiple fixtures
            c. Series of fixtures
            d. Fixture group

            23. The trade name for an insulated conductor with type letter THHN is ______.
            a. Moisture resistant thermoplastic
            b. Thermoplastic
            c. Heat resistant thermoplastic
            d. None of these

            24. The abbreviation DWV stands for ______.
            a. drainage, water and vent
            b. Drainage, waste and valve
            c. Durham, water and vent
            d. Drainage, waste and vent

            25. Creep is the phenomenon whereby sound travels in a ______.
            a. Straight line direction inside an anechoic chamber
            b. Rectangular shaped cavity
            c. Flat surface
            d. Curve surface

            26. What is / are the advantage/s of a circuit breaker over a fuse?
            a. It can act as a switch
            b. Its position can be easily detected (close/open)
            c. It can be used again after fault has been corrected
            d. All of these

            27. Which is the following characterizes centrallized airconditioning system?
            a. It uses ducts
            b. Has cooling tower
            c. Provided with air handling unit
            d. All of these

            28. A p-shaped trap commonly used on most plumbing fixtures except for fixture have integral trap.
            a. Gooseneck
            b. Drum trap
            c. Bag trap
            d. Running trap

            29. Sound Transmission Loss (STL) is/are affected by the following ____.
            a. Intensity of sound from source
            b. Material density
            c. Medium
            d. All of the above

            30. What switch combination may be used in order to control a lamp or group of lamps in three different locations?
            a. 2-s4w and 1-s3w
            b. 3 single pole switches
            c. 3-s3w
            d. 2-s3w and 1-s4w

            31. The total cooling output of an airconditioner during its annual usage, in BTU/hr divided by the energy input during the same period, in watt-hours is known as_____.
            a. Integrated part load value
            b. Annual fuel utilization efficiency
            c. Energy efficiency ratio
            d. Seasonal energy efficiency ratio

            32. This acoustical material is manufactured from rock wool, glass fibers, wood fibers, hair felt, etc. generally installed on wood or metal framing system.
            a. Acoustical tile
            b. Acoustical plaster
            c. Acoustical (isolation) blanket
            d. Acoustical foam

            33. An outhouse or structure used for the deposition of excrement.
            a. Septic tank
            b. Privy
            c. Drainage pit
            d. Privy vault

            34. Acoustical cotton fiber composite board is manufactured using BAP. What does BAP stand for?
            a. Boarded acoustical panel
            b. Beaded and pressed
            c. Bent and polished
            d. Bonded acoustical panel

            35. Which type of refrigerant is recommended for residential, commercial, and industrial application using split type air-conditioning system?
            a. R-11
            b. R-12
            c. R-22
            d. R-23

            36. It characterizes short circuit
            a. High resistance, high current
            b. Low resistance, low current
            c. Low resistance, high current
            d. High resistance, low current

            37. A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full storey or more to convey water to fixture branches or group of fixtures.
            a. Up pipe
            b. Riser
            c. Stack pipe
            d. Water stack pipe

            38. A unit or assembly units or sections and associated fittings forming a rigid structural system used to support cables.
            a. Cable bus
            b. Cable tray
            c. Busway
            d. wireway

            39. Fusible material in a fuse may be made of any of the following except___.
            a. Lead
            b. Silver
            c. Iron
            d. Tin

            40. Which of the following factors affect/s room acoustics?
            a. Shape and proportion of room
            b. Room cavity
            c. Seating and other furnishings
            d. All of the above

            41. A general term used for any vertical line of soil, waste or vent piping.
            a. Vent pipe
            b. Waste pipe
            c. Stack
            d. Soil pipe

            42. It affects the resistance of a conductor.
            a. Length
            b. Area
            c. Temperature
            d. All of these

            43. A condition characterized as vertically downward directly below the luminaire. What is that term?
            a. Lumen
            b. Point source
            c. Nadir
            d. lambert

            44. The water supply pipe provided by the water utility company where local individual connection is done.
            a. Water supply source
            b. Water main
            c. Water service pipe
            d. Building supply pipe

            45. The term impedance is used in transformers and other devices in ac is a combination of _______.
            a. Resistance and reactance
            b. Inductance and capacitance
            c. Resistivity and conductivity
            d. None of these

            46. A type of gypsum board available in 1 1/2 inches or 5/8 inch thickness and has improved fire resistance through the use of fibers mixed with gypsum core.
            a. Type x
            b. Type c
            c. Regular
            d. Water resistant board

            47. It is also known as electric panel or load center.
            a. Convenience outlet
            b. Panelboard
            c. Outlet
            d. Branch circuit

            48. It is the product of surface area (sq.ft.) and sound absorption coefficient (SAC). It has the unit sabin.
            a. Sound attenuation
            b. Sound absorption
            c. Sound amplification
            d. Noise reduction

            49. A cylindrical conduit or conductor, the wall thickness is sufficient to receive a standard pipe.
            a. Conduit
            b. Pipe
            c. Fitting
            d. leader

            50. Wallace Clement Sabine, an American physicist who pioneered work on sound is said to be the father of ____?
            a. Environmental acoustics
            b. Room acoustics
            c. Architectural acoustics
            d. Acoustical science

            Answers to Structural Review Questons Part 4

            Posted: 30 Oct 2008 09:31 PM CDT

            61. c. 80%

            62. d. 18 M

            63. a. 1.15

            64. c. 1.15

            65. a. 1.0

            66. c. 0.87

            67. a. Exposure A

            68. c. Exposure C

            69. d. Exposure D

            70. b. Exposure B

            71. b. 250 Kph

            72.a. 200 Kph

            73. b. 125 Kph

            74. c. 3.50 Mpa

            75. b. 50

            76. a. 0.30

            77. c. 200

            78. b. 300

            79. c. 0.45 Fy

            80. a. 0.60 Fy

            81. b. 2/3

            82. c. 0.80 mm

            83. c. 600 mm

            84. a. 140 mm

            85. b. 200 mm

            86. d. 0.66 Fy

            87. b. 0.60 Fy

            88. a. 300 mm

            89. d. 75%

            90. c. 25 mm

            91. a. 6 diameter of connector

            92. a. 8 diameter of connector

            93. c. 26.70

            94. a. 50

            95. c. 900

            96. b. 8

            97. a. 3 mm

            98. c. 6 mm

            Review Questions Structural Part 4

            Posted: 30 Oct 2008 09:26 PM CDT

            61. An open building is a structure having all walls at least _____% open. (NSCP 207)
            a. 50%
            b. 60%
            c. 80%
            d. 75%

            62. Low rise buildings is an enclosed or partially enclosed with mean roof height less than or equal to? (NSCP 207.20)
            a. 70 M
            b. 50 M
            c. 15 M
            d. 18 M

            63. The wind load importance factor lw for essential facilities is equal to? (NSCP 207.50)
            a. 1.15
            b. 1.0
            c. 2.15
            d. 0.87

            64. The wind load importance factor for hazardous facilities is equal to?
            a. 1.0
            b. 0.87
            c. 1.15
            d. 2.15

            65. The wind load importance factor for standard occupancy structures is equal to?
            a. 1.0
            b. 1.15
            c. 0.87
            d. 2.0

            66. The wind load importance factor for miscellaneous structures is equal to?
            a. 1.0
            b. 1.15
            c. 0.87
            d. 2.0

            67. Large city centers with at least 50% of the buildings having a height greater than 21M. falls on what exposure category for wind loading? (NSCP 207.5.3)
            a. Exposure A
            b. Exposure B
            c. Exposure C
            d. Exposure D

            68. Open terrain with scattered obstructions having heights less than 9M. Falls on what exposure category for wind loading?
            a. Exposure A
            b. Exposure B
            c. Exposure C
            d. Exposure D

            69. Flat unobstructed areas exposed to wind flowing over open water for a distance of at least 2 km falls on what exposure category for wind loading?
            a. Exposure A
            b. Exposure B
            c. Exposure C
            d. Exposure D

            70. Urban and suburban areas, wooded areas or other terrain with numerous closely spaced obstructions having the size of single family dwelling or larger falls on what exposure category for wind loading?
            a. Exposure A
            b. Exposure B
            c. Exposure C
            d. Exposure D

            71. Zone 1 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph?
            a. 150 Kph
            b. 250 Kph
            c. 125 Kph
            d. 200 Kph

            72. Zone 2 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph?
            a. 200 Kph
            b. 125 Kph
            c. 150 Kph
            d. 250 Kph

            73. Zone 3 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity of ____Kph?
            a. 200 Kph
            b. 125 Kph
            c. 150 Kph
            d. 250 Kph

            74. In testing concrete laboratory cured specimens, no individual strength test (average of 2 cylinders) falls below fc’ by more than _______. (NSCP 405.7.3.3)
            a. 5 Mpa
            b. 4.25 Mpa
            c. 3.50 Mpa
            d. 4.0 Mpa

            75. Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not exceed _______times the least width b of compression flange or face.
            (NSCP 410.5.10)
            a. 40
            b. 50
            c. 60
            d. 30

            76. For a rectangular reinforced concrete compression member, it shall be permitted to take the radius of gyration equal to _______times the overall dimension of the direction of stability is being considered. (NSCP 410.12.20)
            a. 0.30
            b. 0.45
            c. 0.50
            d. 0.75

            77. For members whose design is based on compressive force, the slenderness ratio kL/r preferably should not exceed ________?
            (NSCP 502.8.1)
            a. 300
            b. 250
            c. 200
            d. 350

            78. For members whose design is based on tensile force, the slenderness ratio L/r preferably should not exceed _________.
            a. 200
            b. 300
            c. 250
            d. 350

            79. For pin connected members, the allowable stress on the net area of the pinhole for pin connected members is _________.
            (NSCP 504.4.1.1)
            a. 0.60 Fy
            b. 0.50 Fy
            c. 0.45 Fy
            d. 0.40 Fy

            80. Other than pin connected members, the allowable tensile stress shall not exceed _______ on the gross area. (NSCP 504.2.1)
            a. 0.60 Fy
            b. 0.45 Fy
            c. 0.33 Fy
            d. 0.66 Fy

            81. For pin connected plates, the minimum net area beyond the pinhole parallel to the axis of the member shall not be less than _______of the net area across the pinhole. (NSCP 504.4.2.1)
            a. 3/4
            b. 2/3
            c. 3/5
            d. 1/3

            82. For pin connected members in which the pin is expected to provide for relative movement between connected parts while under full load, the diameter of the pinhole shall not be more than ______mm greater than the diameter of the pin. (NSCP 504.4.2.3)
            a. 1 mm
            b. 0.5 mm
            c. 0.80 mm
            d. 2 mm

            83. The maximum longitudinal spacing of bolts, nuts and intermittent welds correctly two rolled shapes in contact for a built up section shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.4)
            a. 700 mm
            b. 500 mm
            c. 600 mm
            d. 400 mm

            84. The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in single system shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.80)
            a. 140 mm
            b. 200 mm
            c. 250 mm
            d. 100 mm

            85. The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in double system shall not exceed ________.
            a. 140 mm
            b. 200 mm
            c. 250 mm
            d. 100 mm

            86. For members bent about their strong or weak axes, members with compact sections where the flanges continuously connected to web the allowable bending stress is _________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)
            a. 0.75 Fy
            b. 0.60 Fy
            c. 0.45 Fy
            d. 0.66 Fy

            87. For box type and tabular textural members that meet the non compact section requirements of section 502.6, the allowable bending stress is ________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)
            a. 0.75 Fy
            b. 0.60 Fy
            c. 0.45 Fy
            d. 0.66 Fy

            88. Bolts and rivets connecting stiffness to the girder web shall be spaced not more than ______mm on centers. (NSCP 507.5.3)
            a. 300 mm
            b. 400 mm
            c. 350 mm
            d. 250 mm

            89. Ira composite beam section, the actual section modulus of the transformed composite section shall be used in calculating the concrete flexural compressed stress and for construction without temporary shores, this stress shall be based upon loading applied after the concrete has reached _____% of its required strength.
            a. 50%
            b. 60%
            c. 80%
            d. 75%

            90. Shear connectors shall have at least ________mm of lateral concrete covering. (NSCP 509.5.8)
            a. 50 mm
            b. 100 mm
            c. 25 mm
            d. 40 mm

            91. The minimum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting composite beam is ____________.
            (NSCP 509.5.8)
            a. 6 diameter of connector
            b. 10 diameter of connector
            c. 12 diameter of connector
            d. 5 diameter of connector

            92. The maximum center to center spacing of stud connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting composite beam is ____________. (NSCP 509.5.8)
            a. 8 diameter of connector
            b. 6 diameter of connector
            c. 5 diameter of connector
            d. 10 diameter of connector

            93. Connections carrying calculated stresses, except for lacing, sag bars and girts, shall be designed to support not less than ________Kn of force. (NSCP 510.10.61)
            a. 30
            b. 50
            c. 26.70
            d. 35

            94. The connections at ends of tension or compression members in trusses shall develop the force due to the design load, but no less than _______% at the effective strength of the member unless a smaller percentage is justified by engineering analysis that considers other factors including handling, shipping and erection.
            (NSCP 510.2.5.1)
            a. 50
            b. 70
            c. 65
            d. 100

            95. When formed steel decking is a part of the composite beam, the spacing of stud shear connector along the length of the supporting beam or girder shall not exceed _______mm. (NSCP 509.6.1.2)
            a. 800
            b. 750
            c. 900
            d. 1000

            96. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness greater than 20mm is ________. (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
            a. 10
            b. 8
            c. 15
            d. 20

            97. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness 6mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
            a. 3 mm
            b. 6 mm
            c. 8 mm
            d. 10 mm

            98. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with thickness over 12mm to 20mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
            a. 8 mm
            b. 10 mm
            c. 6 mm
            d. 5 mm
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            CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Plumbing Utilities Review Questions Part 5 Posted: 31 Oct 2008 09:45 AM CDT
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              CAFA notes

              Answers to Plumbing Utilities Review Questions Part 5

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 09:45 AM CDT

              I.

              1. PLUMBARIUS

              2. PLUMBER

              3. NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE OF THE PHILS.

              4. IRA 1378

              5. BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND

              6. WATER SEAL TRAP

              7. INSTALLING

              8. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

              9. NATIONAL STANDARD PLUMBING CODE (NSPC)

              10. PLUMBING APPRENTICE

              II.

              1. RENAISSANCE PERIOD

              2. STRUCTURAL MEMBERS

              3. GRECO-ROMAN CIVILIZATION

              4. CARRYING CAPACITY

              5. MAN

              6. PLUMBING SYSTEM

              7. HEAT

              8. RA 1364

              III.

              1. American Master Plumber JOHN F. HASS

              2. SANITARY ENGINEERING LAW

              3. DOMESTIC SEWAGE

              4.

              IV.

              1. JUNE 28, 1955

              2. 17th CENTURY

              3. ACT 2152

              V.

              1. FALSE

              2. TRUE

              3. LEAD – a metal used by Romans as a plumbing material


              BENDS
              - sewage
              - fraction
              ELBOWS
              - water supply
              - degrees

              SOIL PIPE – Solid waste, from water closet
              WASTE PIPE – Liquid only, fixtures other than WC


              WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

              I.


              1. GRAVITATIONAL FLOW METHOD

              2. DISTRIBUTION BY MEANS OF PUMP

              3. SERVICE HEADERS

              4. PRIMARY FEEDERS

              5. CAST IRON PIPES

              6. STEEL PIPES

              7. DUCTILE IRON

              8. CORROSION

              II.

              1. RECIPROCATING PUMP

              2. HAND PUMP

              3. BOOSTER PUMP

              4. LOW LIFT PUMP

              5. HIGH LIFT PUMP

              III.

              1. PIPE LINES

              2. DELAVAUD PROCESS

              3. INTAKE CONDUIT


              IV.


              1. 1/6 to 1/3

              2. 1.8 x 105 to 2.8 x 105 N/m2

              V.

              1. LOW-SERVICE SYSTEM

              2. TRUE

              WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM

              I.


              1. FRESH WATER

              2. PLUMBING FIXTURES

              3. BALL COCKS

              4. CROSS CONNECTION

              5. * RAINWATER
              * GROUNDWATER
              * SURFACE WATER

              6. WATER METER

              7. VACUUM BREAKER or
              BACKFLOW PREVENTER

              8. BACKFLOW

              II.

              1. TURBIDITY

              2. COLOR

              3. ALKALINITY

              4. IRON

              5. OPEN TRENCH WORK

              III.

              1. COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR EXPANSION

              2. AQUIFER

              3. WATER TABLE WELL & ARTESIAN WELL

              SANITARY DRAINAGE SYSTEM

              I.

              1. 2%

              2. SANITARY DRAIN

              3. SOIL PIPE

              4. WASTE PIPE

              5. POTABLE WATER

              6. WATERBOURNE DISEASES

              7. TURBID

              II.

              1. MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT LEVELS

              2. COMBINED DRAIN

              3. COMBINED DRAIN

              4. HOUSE DRAIN


              III.


              1. FOUNDATION WALL

              2. INDUSTRIAL DRAIN

              3. CLEANOUTS

              IV.

              1. PD 856

              2. 200m

              V.

              1. TRUE

              2. FALSE

              3. FALSE

              SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM

              I.

              1. PRIVY

              2. CATCH BASIN

              3. CESSPOOL or DRYWELL

              4. GOVERNMENT

              5. SEWAGE

              6. INFLOW

              7. ACID VENT

              8. SEPTIC TANK

              II.

              1. SEWAGE PUMP

              2. ANAEROBIC BACTERIA

              3. COMBINATION PUBLIC SEWER

              4. 0.90m

              III.

              1. HOUSE SEWER

              2. HOUSE DRAIN

              3. 2.8 - 3.0 TIMES

              IV.

              1. RA 9003

              2. 50%

              V.

              1. TRUE

              2. TRUE

              3. TRUE


              STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM

              I.

              1. FIXTURE DRAIN

              2. WATER

              3. ABSORPTION

              4. INSIDE STORM DRAIN

              5. STORM DRAIN

              6. ROOF LEADER

              7. OUTSIDE STORM DRAIN

              8. OVERHEAD STORM DRAIN

              II.

              1. INSIDE STORM DRAIN

              2. STORM DRAIN

              3. SOIL, WASTE AND VENT PIPE

              4. IRON

              III.

              1. OUTSIDE WALL OF THE BUILDING

              2. WITHIN THE BUILDING WALLS

              3. FIXTURE DRAIN

              4. ¼ INCH PER FOOT

              5. COMBINATION HOUSE SEWER

              IV.

              1. SECTION 1102.02

              2. CHAPTER 11

              V.

              1. VERTICALLY, HORIZONTALLY

              2. GUTTER

              3. LIQUID

              4. TRUE

              5. TRUE

              6. FALSE

              7. TRUE

              8. TRUE

              9. TRUE

              10. TRUE

              11. FALSE

              12. TRUE

              13. TRUE

              14. TRUE

              15. TRUE

              14. TRUE

              15. TRUE


              STORM DRAIN
              - INSIDE STORM DRAIN
              - OUTSIDE STORM DRAIN
              - OVERHEAD STORM DRAIN

              ROOF LEADER
              - INSIDE ROOF LEADER
              - OUTSIDE ROOF LEADER


              PLUMBING MATERIALS

              I.

              1. NO

              2. APPLIANCE

              3. BALL COCK

              4. BRASS PIPE

              5. COPPER PIPE

              6. FIXTURE

              7. CAST IRON PIPES

              8. FIXTURES

              9. APPURTENANCE

              II.

              1. CAST IRON SOIL PIPE INSTITUTE

              2. UNPLASTICIZED

              3. LESS THAN 25-STORIES

              4. ASBESTOS-CEMENT NON-PRESSURE SEWER PIPE

              5. SILICON

              6. CLAMP GATE CALVE

              III.

              1. FLUSHOMETER VALVE

              2. VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE

              3. DRUM TRAP

              IV.

              1. PD 1151

              2. PD 1067

              V.

              1. INSIDE STORM DRAIN

              2. FLUSH VALVE

              3. VERTICAL

              CAST IRON PIPES
              1. SV - for building installations
              2. XV - for underground installations

              1. Single hub
              2. Double hub

              COPPER PIPES
              1. K - heaviest; underground installations
              2. L - lighter than K; available in rigid and flexible; residential water supply
              3. M – thinnest; rigid form only; small water supply lines; radiant heating installations

              PLASTIC PIPES
              * RIGID TYPES
              1. PVC – Polyvinyl Chloride
              2. CPVC – Chlorinated PVC
              3. uPVC – Unplasticized PVC
              4. ABS – Acrolonitrile Butadiene Styrene
              5. PP – Polypropylene
              6. SR – Styrene Rubber Plastic


              * FLEXIBLE TYPES
              7. PE – Polyethylene
              8. PB - Polybutylene

              PIPE FITTINGS
              1. Elbow
              2. Drop elbow
              3. Sweep fitting
              4. Return bend
              5. Tee
              6. Drop tee
              7. Reducing tee
              8. Sanitary tee
              9. Cross tee
              10. Sanitary cross
              11. Wye
              12. Double wye
              13. Crossover – u shape for bypassing pipes

              1. Nipple (male) threaded outside
              2. Coupling (female) threaded inside
              3. Increaser
              4. Reducer
              5. Union
              6. Plug
              7. Cap


              TYPES OF WATER CLOSET
              14. Pail flush
              15. Squat type – installed flat on floor
              16. Wash down – trap located in front, susceptible to fouling, noisy
              17. Reverse trap – trap-way at rear, retain large amount of surface water, moderately noisy
              18. Siphon jet – more efficient, larger amount of surface water, larger rear trap-way, silent
              19. Siphon vortex – whirlpool motion flushing, less noisy & very efficient
              20. Direct flush valve (DFV) – no water tank

              TYPES OF LAVATORY
              1. Rounded
              2. Oval
              3. Square
              4. Rectangular
              5. Trapezoidal
              6. Triangular

              TYPES OF URINAL
              1. Wall hung
              2. Pedestal
              3. Stall

              TYPES OF SINK
              1. Single well
              2. Double well
              3. Triple well
              4. Corner sink

              TYPES OF VALVES
              1. Gate valve – main supply
              a. Wedge shape or Tapered disc
              b. Double disc – cold liquids
              2. Globe valve – globular body, suited for throttling
              a. Plug type disc
              b. Conventional disc
              c. Composition disc
              3. Angle valve – 90° turn
              4. Foot valve (Retention valve) – prevent loss of priming the pump
              5. Check valve – prevent reversal flow
              a. Vertical
              b. Horizontal
              c. Swing
              d. Lift


              6. Safety Valve – pipelines with excessive pressure
              a. Corporation Stop
              b. Curb stop
              c. Curb stop box
              d. Meter stop
              e. Water meter

              TYPES OF HOT WATER TANK
              1. Range boiler – small
              2. Storage boiler – large .60-1.30m ǿ by 5m

              Review Questions Utilities Part 5 Plumbing

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 09:22 AM CDT

              I.

              1. What ancient roman term refers to an individual who worked in the sanitary field of ancient Rome?

              2. What is the title given to a person who is a skilled worker in the field of sanitation?

              3. NPCP refers to:

              4. Its complete RA no:

              5. What is the meaning of BOD?

              6. Each fixture directly connected to the drainage system shall be equipped with __________.

              7. Plumbing is defined as the art and science of ___________ pipes, fixtures and other apparatus.

              8. What is the general role of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering?

              9. This promulgated the design and layout of a plumbing system that is governed by set of rules

              10. In the 17th century, the English parliamentary passed the first ___________ laws.

              II.

              1. What period was plumbing revived? It is the period when Europe was plagued with epidemics.

              2. Plumbing shall be installed with due regard to presentation of the strength of ___________ and prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage.

              3. In what civilization did the concept and importance of plumbing became more defined and appreciated?

              4. The ability of an area resource system to support the activities of a given population.

              5. ____________ is a part of ecosystem and is the major contributor to pollution of the environment.

              6. ____________, including fixtures, shall be maintained and properly usable

              7. This the pollutant that affects the quality of water due to impact of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) discharges, that rises when temperature rises.

              8. An act which regulate the Practice of Sanitary Engineering in the Philippines.

              III.

              1. In 1907, a division of plumbing construction and inspection, with the city of Manila as a model, was headed by whom?

              2. This act is known as __________ that was approved on June 18, 1955.

              3. The liquid and water borne waste derived form the ordinary living process, free from industrial wastes, and of such character as to permit satisfactory disposal without special treatment into the public sewer or by means of private disposal system.

              4. The 1999 NAMPAF Plumbing Code Review Committee President.

              IV.

              1. When was the Rep. Act No. 1378, also known as the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines approved?

              2. When was the practice of Plumbing in the Philippines initiated?

              3. What is the act for Water Quality Management?

              V.

              1. TRUE OR FALSE : Sanitation is the field of public health dealing with environmental degration and prevention and control of diseases

              2. TRUE OR FALSE : The design and layout of plumbing system is governed by a set of rules promulgated by the National Standard Plumbing Code (NSPC)

              3. Plumbarius is to individual who worked in the sanitary field, while Plumbum is to ___________.

              WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

              I.

              1. ___________ is the most satisfactory means of water distribution.

              2. In this method of distribution, the excess water pumped during periods of low consumption is stored in elevated tanks or reservoir.

              3. In dual main systems, ____________ are added on the south and west sides of streets and piping is generally placed beneath sidewalks.

              4. ____________, sometimes called arterial mains, for in the skeleton of the distribution system.

              5. ____________ is used for city water pipes.

              6. ____________ is used for pipelines, truck mains and inverted siphon where pressures are high and sizes are large.

              7. ____________ a stronger and more elastic type of cast iron used in newer plumbing installation.

              8. A chemical reaction which involves the removal of metallic electrons from metals and formation of more stable compounds.

              II.

              1. Consist of a cylinder in which a piston or a plunger moves backwards and forwards.

              2. Used to raise water from shallow depths and used most frequently for individual houses.

              3. ____________ is a pump that increases the pressure within the distribution system or raise water to an elevated water storage tank.

              4. Pump that lifts surface water and move it to a nearby treatment plant.

              5. Pump that discharge treated water into arterial mains.

              III.

              1. Used to supply or remove water from a building.

              2. Centrifugal casting on metal moulds is sometimes called ____________ .

              3. Necessitates a large pipe or conduit so that velocities will be low but not low enough to allow sedimentation.

              IV.

              1. Generally, the equalizing volume of a water thank that is about ____________ of the total daily demand.

              2. In residential areas having houses up to 4 storeys high, the pressure in the pipes should be between _____________.

              V.

              1. High service system is high lying areas; while _____________ is to low lying areas

              2. TRUE OR FALSE : Water distribution is a network of pumps, pipelines, storage tanks and appurtenances.

              WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM

              I.

              1. It is a special type of underground water that is found on islands or in the coastal regions near the sea.

              2. This should be supplied with water in sufficient volume or at adequate pressure to enable them to function properly.

              3. Flush tanks which are directly connected to the potable water supply system should be equipped with approved ___________.

              4. _____________ is a junction between water supply systems through which water from doubtful or unsafe sources may enter an otherwise safe supply.

              5. What are the 3 main sources of water supply?

              6. _____________ is required to be installed so as to register the amount of water supplied to a building.

              7. _____________ is used to prevent back siphonage.

              8. ______________ permits water drawn into a fixture tank or similar devices to flow back into the supply line by gravity or siphonage.

              II.

              1. ______________ is when water contains visible material in suspension

              2. ______________ is caused by material in solution or a colloidal state should be distinguished from turbidity.

              3. The carbonate and bicarbonate of calcium, sodium and magnesium are the common impurities which cause ______________.

              4. _______________ in water causes hardness, and in small amount it will cause taste, discoloration of clothes and plumbing fixtures and incrustations in water mains.

              5. Excavation for the installation of underground water supply piping should be _____________.

              III.

              1. The proportional change in length corresponding to 1°F change in temperature is known as the _______________.

              2. ________________ is water bearing stratum.

              3. There are two types of well____________ & ____________.

              SANITARY DRAINAGE SYSTEM

              I.

              1. The recommended slope for the house drain.

              2. A type of house drain that receives the discharges of sanitary and domestic waste only.

              3. A drainage pipe that carries on is designed to carry human excretement.

              4. A drainage pipe that carries liquid waste that not include human excretement.

              5. Water that is safe to drink, pleasant to the taste and usable for domestic purposes.

              6. A communicable disease which may be transmitted by water include bacterial, viral and protozoal infections.

              7. A water is _____________ when it contains visible material in suspension.

              II.

              1. MCL means

              2. A type of house drain that receives discharges of sanitary as well as storm water.

              3. This type of drain is now considered obsolete and not advisable.

              4. In large buildings, _____________ are usually suspended from the basement ceiling.

              III.

              1. A cleanout shall be provided on the house drain as near as possible the ______________ of the building.

              2. A kind of drain that should terminate into a separate drainage system.

              3. The house drain should be provided with adequate number of _____________.

              IV.

              1. The complete PD No. of CODE OF SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES.

              2. Boating, shooting or fishing should not be allowed within ____________ of the water intake.

              V.

              1. TRUE OR FALSE : In changing house drain directions, the branch shall be run at right angle as a floor drain.

              2. TRUE OR FALSE : A cleanout extended above the floor can also be utilized as floor drain.

              3. TRUE OR FALSE : All changes of direction shall be done with short radius fittings.

              SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM

              I.

              1. A concrete vault constructed for the collection of raw sewage sealed with a wooden shelter.

              2. A receptacle in which liquids are retained for sufficient period to the deposit settle able material.

              3. A hole in the ground with stone and bricks laid in such manner as to allow raw contaminated sewage to leach under the surface of the ground.

              4. The main sewer is financed and maintained by ____________.

              5. ____________ is the liquid conveyed by a sewer.

              6. ____________ is water which enters sewers from surface sources such as graces in manholes, open cleanouts, perforated manhole covers and roof drains or basement sumps connected to the sewer.

              7. A pipe venting acid waste system.

              8. A watertight container of sewage.

              II.

              1. A permanently installed mechanical device for removing sewage or liquid waste from a sump other than ejector.

              2. This bacteria functions in absence of free oxygen.

              3. Considered as the oldest type of sewer.

              4. Minimum width for septic tank.

              III.

              1. That portion of the horizontal drainage system which starts from the outer face of the building and terminate at the main sewer in the street or septic tank.

              2. Sometimes referred to as “the collection line of a plumbing system.”

              3. The septic tank should be double compartment and should be capable of holding how many times of daily waste water flow.

              IV.

              1. The complete RA No. of ECOLOGICAL SLOID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT 2000.

              2. How many percent of the total sewage solids is organic and subject to rotting.

              V.

              1. TRUE OR FALSE : The minimum depth for septic tank is 1.20m

              2. TRUE OR FALSE : No septic tank shall be installed within under a house.

              TRUE OR FALSE : Septic tank should be located not less than 15m away from potable water to prevent contamination.

              STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM

              I.

              1. What do you call the drain from the trap of a fixture to the junction of the drain pipe?

              2. An element composed of an atom of Oxygen and two atoms for Hydrogen, otherwise known as H2O.

              3. What is the immersion in a fluid for a definite period of time, usually expressed as a percent of weight of the dry pipe?

              4. This type of storm drain is used in buildings located in congested business areas.

              5. It is that unit of the plumbing system which conveys storm water to a satisfactory terminal.

              6. It is often referred to as conductor or downspout. It is also the portion of the storm drainage system which extends between storm drain & the roof terminal

              7. This type of storm drain is advisable on buildings where an ample amount of ground space between buildings is available.

              8. A type of storm drain that is suspended from the basement ceiling by substantial hangers, placed at close intervals, and generally is adapted to buildings where public storm sewer is not sufficiently deep in the street.

              II.

              1. This is the type of storm drain located under the basement floor within the walls of the building and is used in buildings located in congested business areas.

              2. What do you call that unit of the plumbing system which conveys storm water to a satisfactory terminal?

              3. Rainwater piping should not be used as:

              4. Roof drains shall not be made of __________.

              III.

              1. The outside roof leader is located on the _____

              2. The inside roof leader is installed ___________

              3. What do you call the drain from the trap of a fixture to the junction of the drain pipe?

              4. All storm drains should be graded at least

              5. This type of terminal should be used only where the public sewer discharges its contents into a terminal other than a disposal plant.

              IV.

              1. A connection and installation of rainwater systems are found in what section of the NPCP?

              2. What chapter of the NPCP discusses about storm drainage system?

              V.

              1. The roof leader is extended _________ through the floors of the building to a point just below the roof & is then extended _________ to reduce the danger of breakage which may result because of expansion and contraction of the roof.

              2. Conductor is to vertical; __________ is to horizontal

              3. Catch basin is a receptacle in which _________ are retained for a sufficient period of time to allow settle able material to deposit

              4. TRUE OR FALSE : The discharge capacity of the pipe varies according to its length and grade per foot.

              5. TRUE OR FALSE : One factor which makes the sizing of storm drain difficult is the matter of grouping rainfall over a given period.

              6. TRUE OR FALSE : Another element to consider in determining the size of the drain is the depth of the building.

              7. TRUE OR FALSE : The storm drain is connected to the sewer at right angles by means of a 45° Y and curve assembled in exactly the same manner as a sanitary house sewer connection.

              8. TRUE OR FALSE : The change of direction at the highest point of the conductor should be made by means of an elbow & 45° fitting.

              9. TRUE OR FALSE : The base of the roof leader must be provided with a concrete or stone foundation.

              10. TRUE OR FALSE : If the roof leader is constructed of galvanized steel, it must be supported at every floor with a pipe rest.

              11. TRUE OR FALSE : Horizontal runs may not be suspended from band iron hangers or steel ring hangers anchored in the structure

              12. TRUE OR FALSE : The roof leader is extended vertically through the floors of the building to a point just below the roof and is then extended horizontally to reduce the danger of breakage which may result because of expansion and contraction of the roof.

              13. TRUE OR FALSE : A cast-iron strainer basket is attached to the drain to prevent stones, leaves and other materials from entering the conductor.

              14. TRUE OR FALSE : Roof drains are provided with a copper flashing, or in some instances, with a cast-iron clamp so that the joint between the roof and the conductor will be water-tight.

              15. TRUE OR FALSE : A roof leader may be terminated by placing a hub of cast-iron soil pipe flush with the roof.

              14. TRUE OR FALSE : Roof drains are provided with a copper flashing, or in some instances, with a cast-iron clamp so that the joint between the roof and the conductor will be water-tight.

              15. TRUE OR FALSE : Changes in direction of the roof leader must always be of short radius so the flow water in the conductor will not be retarded, except where the change is from horizontal to vertical direction.


              PLUMBING MATERIALS

              I.

              1. Do appurtenances need direct connection to water supply?

              2. What type of plumbing material is a water heater?

              3. What do you call a faucet opened or closed by the fall or rise of a ball floating on the surface of water?

              4. What is the most expensive type of all pipes?

              5. What type of pipe is durable and has extreme resistance to corrosion?

              6. What type of plumbing material is a water closet?

              7. What type of pipe is the most specified material need for drainage installation in buildings?

              8. What plumbing material receives water-bourn wastes?

              9. What type of plumbing material is a soap dispenser?

              II.

              1. CISPI stands for:

              2. “U” in UPVC stands for

              3. The use of cast-iron pipes should be limited to buildings ______stories in height.

              4. It is a non-metallic plumbing material?

              5. Acid-resistant pipe usually is an alloy of cast-iron and ____________.

              6. A gate valve whose body and bonnet are held together by a “u” bolt clamp.

              III.

              1. A device that discharges a predetermined quantity of water to fixtures for flushing purposes.

              2. Pipes that are used to underground public sewers, house sewer and drains. It is made up of clay and also resistant to acids.

              3. This type of trap is used in many localities where venting is not required by local ordinances. This device permits the waste to flow through it rapidly.

              IV.

              1. This policy creates, develops, maintain and improve the conditions under which man and nature can thrive in productive and enjoyable harmony with each other.

              2. A decree instituting a water code, thereby reviving and consolidating the laws governing the ownership, utilization, development, conservation, etc. of water resources.

              V.

              1. The type of drain used in building located in congested business areas.

              2. Ball cock is to input;__________ is to output.

              3. Downspout is the __________ portion of rain water conductor

              Answers to Building Technology Review Questions Parts 2 to 6

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 08:50 AM CDT

              1. a.

              2. b.

              3. d

              4. b

              5. c

              6. b.

              7. b. pantile

              8. c. foundation wall

              9. b. control joints

              10. c. balloon framing

              11. a. tryolean finish

              12. c. chord

              13. a. Casein

              14. b. alloy

              15. a. Backset

              16. c. wrought iron

              17. a. Pabalagbag

              18. b. takip silipan

              19. c. sinturon

              20. c. poleva

              21. c. hulog

              22. b. cantiliver

              23. c. shear

              24. a. 15

              25. a. gluing/pasting

              26. c. 0.90 meters

              27. c. 24” x 48” x ½”

              28. b. 1,098 bf

              29. b. post-tensioning

              30. b. post-tensioning

              31. c. providing building paper sheathing and space filled

              32. a. wood

              33. a. glossy surfaced asphalt saturated paper, 50 lbs or more

              34. c. lath and plaster

              35. b. furring

              36. a. flashing material

              37. b. grade beam

              38. c. batten

              39. a. post-tensioning

              40. b. beam blocking

              41. c. western framing

              42. c. atmospheric pressure

              43. a. bay window

              44. b. flemish bond

              45. b. cold joint

              46. b. cast iron

              47. c. kusturada

              48. c. estunyo

              49. c. reostra

              50. a. sopo

              51. a. tahilan

              52. b. 1” thick V-cut wood boards

              53. b. adequate insulation

              54. a. combination of wood boards and plywood with cavity between

              55. a. double wall plywood on horizontal and vertical studs with absorbents

              56. b. 3.69 meters

              57. a. lath and plaster

              58. a. 12.2247 inches

              59. a. ¼ Ø plastic hose filled with water

              60. b. 3-4-5 multiples with the use of steel tape measure

              61. a. felt paper below sub-slab then WP on top of the sub-slab

              62. c. expansion joints

              63. a. corkboard

              64. c. 4.16 meters

              65. a. columns, splices, materials, lot

              66. a. columns, splices, materials, lot

              67. c. ceiling only

              68. b. nickel steel

              69. b. serpentine

              70. a. flemish bond

              71. a. western framing

              72. c. vaciada

              73. b. bolada

              74. a. 18 risers

              75. b. soil bearing pressure

              76. c. aluminum foil sheets

              77. c. reinforced concrete and high grade steel

              78. b. porous concrete, glass fibers, guilt materials

              79. b. asbestos-cement shingles

              80. c. 6 ¼ inches

              81. b. 7.906 meters

              82. b. door jamb

              83. a. knob bolt

              84. b. dutch door

              85. b. lap seam

              86. b. lap seam

              87. b. mission tile

              88. a. grade beam

              89. b. a fortification

              90. c. kilo

              91. a. rodapis

              92. c. lightning

              93. a. soil bearing pressure

              94. a. 3.513 meters

              95. c. concrete, steel and wood, type of floor finish

              96. c. G.I. sheets

              97. c. space frames, light steel skeleton structures

              98. a. “going”

              99. b. ¼” double wall on 2” x 4” studs

              100. a. pitch or bituminous felt

              101. a. asbestos cement shingles

              102. b. 2 ½ corr.

              103. c. chase

              104. a. torsion
              b. shear

              105. b. sheet piling

              106. c. wood siding

              107. c. kalamein

              108. c. soleras

              109. a. tirante

              110. a. “AA”
              b. “A”
              c. “B”

              111. a. split-ring

              112. c. plumb bob

              113. c. clamp nail

              114. c. weathered

              115. c. hip rafter

              116. c. batter boards

              117. b. composite

              118. a. kostilyahe

              119. a. biga

              120. b. spirit level

              121. d. construction joint

              122. d. torsion

              123. b. chase

              124. b. hybrid girder

              125. a. one-way slab

              126. a. purlins

              127. b. space frame

              128. b. space frame

              129. c. 15 mm

              130. d. shear wall

              131. b. inflection point

              132. a. zinc chromate

              133. a. aluminum coating

              134. a. 7 & 6 wood planks

              135. b. staple wire

              136. a. 24 hours

              137. c. studs

              138. a. 1 ½

              139. b. acrylic latex type

              140. a. acrylic paint

              141. b. L hook bolt

              142. c. chalking

              143. c. construction joint

              144. d. bearing wall

              145. a. flat slab

              146. a. the slab is being supported by two parallel beams

              147. a. tool used for guiding and testing the work to a vertical and horizontal position

              148. b. tool for testing and for framing work

              149. d. riser

              150. b. masonry tool

              151. c. bearing tool

              152. d. 2 years

              153. b. not less than 1” thick x 4” and up wide

              154. a. 2” to 5” thick

              155. c. run

              156. c. portable hand router

              157. b. girder

              158. a. knots

              159. c. smoothed or planed lumber

              160. b. cross-cut

              161. a. load bearing walls

              162. a. live load

              163. c. effective length

              164. c. volume

              165. a. contraction joint

              166. c. height

              167. a. cement

              168. d. cantilever beam

              169. a. hip roof support

              170. b. total run

              171. a. facade

              172. a. sump

              173. b. pre-construction of components as a part of a whole

              174. d. skylight

              175. c. softwood

              176. c. firebrick

              177. a. balloon framing

              178. b. plaster ground

              179. c. span

              180. b. XYLEM

              181. b. risers

              182. c. hip roof

              183. a. rip-rap

              184. c. moat

              185. a. stripping

              186. b. purlin

              187. a. anchor bolt

              188. b. lintel

              189. b. glazing

              190. c. cult

              191. b. banister

              192. d. lap joint

              193. d. lumber that still contains moisture or sap

              194. c. valley

              195. a. facia

              196. a. spike

              197. b. risers

              198. c. caisson

              199. c. vertical and horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and ditances of the reference points of the proposed building

              200. d. smooth on four sides

              201. b. chord

              202. d. wood saddle

              203. b. 45

              204. b. retaining wall

              205. c. oxy/acetyline welding

              206. a. common wall

              207. a. alabaster

              208. b. stabilize

              209. a. escutcheon

              210. b. flashing

              211. c. chase

              212. d. formworks

              213. d. carpenter measuring tool

              214. a. a wedge-shaped stone of an arch

              215. a. a fireproof door with metal covering

              216. b. milled lumber

              217. b. 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension, at free end of bar

              218. d. Surface in contact with the bolt head and nut shall have a slope of not more than 1:10 with respect to a plane normal to the bolt axis

              219. b. batter piles

              220. c. group of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as a unit shall be limited to three in any one bundle

              221. c. grade beam

              222. b. foundation bolts

              223. c. stucco floor finish

              224. d. asintada

              225. a. inset or interior

              226. c. velvet

              227. a. scratch coat

              228. c. mahogany

              229. d. polyurethane floor coating

              230. d. sandblast

              231. c. 25% of scaffoldings can be removed at slab area after 14 days and 100% of scaffolds after 21 days after pouring

              232. d. scarf

              233. b. standard sizes, shapes and forms

              234. d. standard terazzo

              235. b. concrete shall be carried on at such a rate that concrete is at all times plastic and flows readily into space between reinforcement

              236. b. pivoted

              237. d. keep the cement plaster as thin as possible

              238. d. left hand

              239. b. rabbet

              240. b. notch trowel

              241. b. masonry neutralizer

              242. a. peeling

              243. a. figured wired glass

              244. c. rebokada

              245. d. Course aggregates shall be no larger than ¾ the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts

              246. d. db but not less than 30 mm

              247. b. grading

              248. b. vigan tiles

              249. d. tendon

              Review Questions Building Technology Part 6

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 08:55 AM CDT

              201. The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss
              a. rafter
              b. chord
              c. beam
              d. tie

              202. Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2” laid over a concrete slab floor
              a. sleepers
              b. leveling blocks
              c. wood anchor blocks
              d. wood saddle

              203. Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent blade set at
              a. 30
              b. 45
              c. 20
              d. 60

              204. A wall that holds back on earth embankment
              a. shoring wall
              b. retaining wall
              c. buttress wall
              d. foundation wall

              205. In structural steel section joints, it is recommended NOT to use
              a. rivets
              b. nuts and bolts
              c. oxy/acetyline welding
              d. electric arch welding

              206. A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party wall
              a. common wall
              b. property wall
              c. exterior wall
              d. perimeter wall

              207. Pertaining to a material description that resembles glass
              a. alabaster
              b. vitreous
              c. fiberglass
              d. cellulose

              208. To allow concrete to dry by keeping it moist to attain maximum strength
              a. permentate
              b. stabilize
              c. tempering
              d. cure

              209. The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole
              a. escutcheon
              b. embellisher
              c. door lock cup
              d. push plate

              210. The material used for the process of making watertight the roof intersection and other exposed areas on the exterior of a building
              a. caping
              b. flashing
              c. fascia
              d. gutter

              211A vertical space in a building intended for ducts, pipes, wire and cables
              a. niche
              b. crevice
              c. chase
              d. trench

              212. The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building
              a. roughing-in
              b. stakes and butterboards
              c. shell work
              d. formworks

              213. The zig-zag rule is a
              a. a road builder tool for measuring zig-zag
              b. the law governing intricate road network
              c. an all-metal tape measuring tool
              d. carpenter measuring tool

              214. Keystone is
              a. a wedge-shaped stone of an arch
              b. a kind of grinding every stone
              c. a stone shaped like a key
              d. a brand of vehicular tire

              215. Kalomein door is
              a. a fireproof door with metal covering
              b. an indoor decorative door
              c. a door product of Kuala Lumpur
              d. none of these

              216. Lumber that is not squared or finished
              a. green lumber
              b. milled lumber
              c. undressed lumber
              d. scaled lumber

              217. How is a 90 degree bend standard hook for concrete reinforcement constructed
              a. 90 degree bend plus 10 db extension, at free end of bar
              b. 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension, at free end of bar
              c. 90 degree bend plus 6 db extension, at free end of bar
              d. 90 degree bend plus 4 db extension, at free end of bar

              218. Good high-strength-bolted connection for steel should have the following physical characteristic for good workmanship. Which of the following listed is NOT ideal?
              a. High-strength-bolted parts shall fit solidly together when assembled and shall not be separated by gaskets or any other interposed compressive material
              b. Bolts tightened by means of a calibrated wrench shall be installed with a hardened washed under the nut or bolt head, whichever is the element turned in tightening
              c. When assembled, all joint surfaces, including those adjacent to the washer, shall be free of scale, except tight mill scale, dirt and burns
              d. Surface in contact with the bolt head and nut shall have a slope of not more than 1:10 with respect to a plane normal to the bolt axis

              219. What are piles at an inclination to resist forces that are not critical?
              a. guide piles
              b. batter piles
              c. slope piles
              d. fender piles

              220. Which of the following criteria for bundle bars, do NOT apply?
              a. bars larger than 32 mm shall not be bundled in beams
              b. bundle bars shall not be enclosed within stirrups or ties
              c. group of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as a unit shall be limited to three in any one bundle
              d. individual bars within a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall terminate at different points with at least 40 db staggered

              221. What is a concrete beam placed directly on the ground to provide foundation for the superstructure?
              a. strap beam
              b. gerber beam
              c. grade beam
              d. tie beam

              222. What is a round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery, steel columns or beams, casting, shoes, beams plates and engine heads?
              a. retaining bolts
              b. foundation bolts
              c. anchor bolts
              d. friction bolts

              223. A concrete flooring and finish which transforms ordinary plain concrete into an elegant and decorative textured surface. This is done by adding dust-on-color pigments to the concrete to give a fast color and imprinted with a patented pattern and texture while the concrete is still plastic to create the look and finish of stone, slate or brick
              a. impressio-crete
              b. textfloor-crete
              c. stucco floor finish
              d. concrete block cushion

              224. Vernacular term for Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) laying
              a. palitada
              b. mitsa
              c. rebokada
              d. asintada

              225. An installation method where the cabinet covers is recessed and flushed with the cabinet sidings
              a. inset or interior
              b. concealed
              c. party wall or half lap
              d. full lap or over lap

              226. Type of carpet weave important for an architect/designer to know to guide him as to what type of construction and specification should he recommend. What simplest type of fiber carpet weaving where pile forms as the wrap yarns loop over removable “wires” inserted consecutively across the loom?
              a. axminster
              b. wilton
              c. velvet
              d. knitted

              227. A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer of lean cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or masonry spoon to the surface to give a “tooth” for excellent plaster adhesion
              a. scratch coat
              b. splash coat
              c. cement roughing
              d. concrete roughing by chiseling

              228. Local species of wood commonly used for wall studding, cabinet framing, and flush door framing, though scarcely available in the market now due to forestry ban. This type of species is due to cheaper cost than the other listed below
              a. narra
              b. molave
              c. mahogany
              d. tanguile

              229. A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, maintenance free, used to finish and topcoat wood flooring
              a. polyethylene floor coating
              b. tile floor coating
              c. epoxy floor coating
              d. polyurethane floor coating

              230. A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency mortar mix is sprayed by mechanical or pneumatic means. The sprayed cement is left to dry and give a rustic finish. Optional paint coat maybe required
              a. spraytex
              b. anay finish
              c. stucco finish
              d. sandblast

              231. What criterion conforms to good construction practice for the earliest time to remove scaffolding for concrete flooring other than early-strength concrete if no anticipated load is expected over poured floor?
              a. 25% of scaffoldings can be removed at slab area after 21 days of pouring and 100% of scaffolds after 28 days
              b. 50% of scaffolding can be removed after 14 days and 100% of scaffolds after 2 days
              c. 50% of scaffoldings can be removed over slab area after 28 days of pouring and 100% of scaffolding after 36 days
              c. 25% of scaffoldings can be removed at slab area after 14 days and 100% of scaffolds after 21 days after pouring

              232. A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally
              a. finger
              b. lap
              c. splice
              d. scarf

              233. When utilizing “knock-down” modular system of cabinets and furniture, an end user is constrain of using:
              a. longer assembly time
              b. standard sizes, shapes and forms
              c. needs additional finishing
              d. labor intensive during production and assembly

              234. A type of terazzo floor described by its physical appearance whereby the stone or pebble is intentionally exposed while the cement matrix is depressed
              a. palladiana terazzo
              b. rustic terazzo
              c. venetian terazzo
              d. standard terazzo

              235. Which of the following concrete handling criterion impairs the quality of concrete?
              a. re-tempting concrete shall not be used and discard by approved means
              b. concrete shall be carried on at such a rate that concrete is at all times plastic and flows readily into space between reinforcement
              c. concrete that has initially set, shall be mixed with new concrete and shall be deposited in the structure with approved means
              d. top surfaces or vertically formed lifts shall be generally level

              236. A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90 degrees to 180 degrees about the header and sill or about the side jamb
              a. combination
              b. pivoted
              c. awning
              d. jalousie

              237. To prevent cement plaster from improper adhesion, the substrate must be roughened while observing the following:
              a. cure the cement plaster slowly
              b. cure the cement plaster rapidly
              c. add more cement to the cement plaster
              d. keep the cement plaster as thin as possible

              238. A type of “hands of door” where the hinge is at the left and the door leaf swings inside the room to the left
              a. right hand reverse
              b. right hand
              c. left hand reverse
              d. left hand

              239. What type of joint is used to install a glass into a lite of a French window?
              a. dado
              b. rabbet
              c. tenon
              d. mortise

              240. An equipment to uniformly distribute tile adhesive at the underside of a ________ tile during installation
              a. masonry wall
              b. notch trowel
              c. edge strip trowel
              d. flat steel trowel

              241. A water-mixed product mixed to a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime activity in new masonry surface. Without preparing the surface with this mixture will cause the subsequent painting to be defective
              a. acrylic emulsion
              b. masonry neutralizer
              c. etching solution
              d. aquaseal

              242. A paint defect which indicates imperfect adhesion of paint to the surface, with the film getting stripped off in a relatively large pieces due to application on damp or greasy surface
              a. peeling
              b. bleeding
              c. alligatoring
              d. cracking

              243. A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only
              a. figured wired glass
              b. smoked glass
              c. etched glass
              d. bevel glass

              244. Vernacular term for rough plastering
              a baldosa
              b. asintada
              c. rebokada
              d. kostura

              245. Aggregates should conform to PNS or ASTM standards and must be well graded, easy workability and method of consolidated are such that the concrete can be poured without honeycomb or voids. What is the nominal maximum size of a course aggregate when working spaces between reinforcements for proper bonding>
              a. Course aggregates shall be no larger than ½ the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts
              b. Course aggregates shall be no larger than 5/8 the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts
              c. Course aggregates shall be no larger than 7/8 the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts
              d. Course aggregates shall be no larger than ¾ the minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts

              246. What is the minimum concrete cover for primary reinforcement of beams and columns not exposed to earth or weather for precast manufactured under plant control conditions?
              a. db but not less than 25 mm
              b. db but not less than 15 mm and need not exceed 40 mm
              c. db but not less than 20 mm and not to exceed 50 mm
              d. db but not less than 30 mm

              247. What is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in preparation for a finishing surface such as paving?
              a. cut and fill
              b. grading
              c. benching
              d. site preparation

              248. A floor finish commercially size 1” x 12” x 12” utilizing clay and fired in traditional manner making interesting and attractive rustic clay shade patterns. Because of the rustic effect the floor is finished rough and simply adhere by cement with some irregularities
              a. cement non skid blocks
              b. vigan tiles
              c. adobe cobbled stones
              d. mosaic tiles

              249. What is a steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to impart prestress to concrete?
              a. prestress cables
              b. reinforcement
              c. tenon cables
              d. tendon

              Review Questions Building Technology Part 5

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 08:12 AM CDT

              151. Auger bit is part of
              a. fastener tool
              b. guiding testing tool
              c. bearing tool
              d. rough facing tool

              152. The complete records of test conduction (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and after completion of the projects for a period of not less than
              a. 5 years
              b. 3 years
              c. 4 years
              d. 2 years

              153. Wood board should have a thickness specification of
              a. not less than 2” thick x 5” and up wide
              b. not less than 1” thick x 4” and up wide
              c. not less than 2” thick x 4” and up wide
              d. not less than 3” thick x 7” and up wide

              154. Wood plank is a piece of lumber that is
              a. 2” to 5” thick
              b. 6” to 8” thick
              c. 5” to 7” thick
              d. 8” up thick

              155. The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight is called
              a. spandrel
              b. pitch
              c. run
              d. rise

              156. A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving on solid wood is called
              a. surface planner
              b. dado place
              c. portable hand router
              d. lathe machine

              157. The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system is called
              a. rafter
              b. girder
              c. purlin
              d. girt

              158. Wood defects are heart shake, cup shake, star shake and
              a. knots
              b. discoloration
              c. deterioration
              d. rotten

              159. Dressed lumber is referred to
              a. covered with plastic for shipment
              b. lumber of exact measurement
              c. smoothed or planed lumber
              d. lumber used for fine carpentry works

              160. The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw is
              a. diagonal cut saw
              b. cross-cut
              c. circular saw
              d. coping saw

              161. Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight
              a. load bearing walls
              b. curtain walls
              c. shoring walls
              d. none of the above

              162. It refers to the occupancy load which either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all is called
              a. live load
              b. dead load
              c. concentrated load
              d. distributed load

              163. The distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks is called
              a. development length
              b. cross sectional area
              c. effective length
              d. equivalent distance

              164. The amount of space measured in cubic units
              a. none of these
              b. perimeter
              c. volume
              d. area

              165. An expansion joints adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements between them is called
              a. contraction joint
              b. truss joint
              c. construction joint
              d. conduction joint

              166. To find the volume of water in a cylindrical tank, multiply the area of its base by its
              a. diameter
              b. radius
              c. height
              d. none of these

              167. The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix is
              a. cement
              b. sand
              c. gravel
              d. lime

              168. A beam that projects beyond one or both its support is called
              a. overhanging beam
              b. continuous beam
              c. intermediate beam
              d. cantilever beam

              169. Jack rafter is used for
              a. hip roof support
              b. long span beam
              c. cantilevered truss
              d. none of these

              170. The total of all the tread widths in a stair is called
              a. total riser
              b. total run
              c. winder
              d. none of these

              171. The face or front elevation of a building
              a. facade
              b. front view
              c. face plate
              d. frontal approach

              172. A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe
              a. sump
              b. drain hole
              c. slump
              d. none of these

              173. Prefabrication refers to
              a. design of a factory
              b. pre-construction of components as a part of a whole
              c. a system of material audit
              d. preliminary building procedure

              174. An opening in the roof for admitting light is called
              a. natural lighting
              b. ocules lighting
              c. none of these
              d. skylight

              175. Wood coming out from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves are called
              a. ironwood
              b. mahogany
              c. softwood
              d. hardwood

              176. A kind of brick used for high temperature
              a. fly-ash brick
              b. thermal brick
              c. firebrick
              d. cinder block

              177. The building frame construction system that uses one piece structural stud from the foundation to the roof
              a. balloon framing
              b. lath framing
              c. wall framing
              d. upright framing

              178. A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support for finish trim around openings and near the base of the wall
              a. none of these
              b. plaster ground
              c. gravel stop
              d. trimming guard

              179. The distance between two structural supports
              a. overall distance
              b. bay
              c. span
              d. none of these

              180. The scientific name for wood is
              a. CITEM
              b. XYLEM
              c. APTG
              d. TANG

              181. In designing a stair, to find the height of the riser, divide the height of the stair by the number of
              a. newel post
              b. risers
              c. balustrade
              d. balusters

              182. A kind of roof that has four sloping sides
              a. gable roof
              b. mansard roof
              c. hip roof
              d. lean to

              183. Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion
              a. rip-rap
              b. embankment
              c. flag stone
              d. border stone

              184. A tough used for carrying off water
              a. gutter
              b. none of these
              c. moat
              d. valley duet

              185. The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete
              a. stripping
              b. clearing
              c. none of these
              d. deforming works

              186. A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters
              a. floor joist
              b. purlin
              c. girts
              d. girder

              187. A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for securing wood or metal plates to concrete construction
              a. anchor bolt
              b. U-bolt
              c. gusset plate
              d. strut

              188. A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window opening to bear the weight of the walls above the opening
              a. none of these
              b. lintel
              c. transome beam
              d. transverse rafter

              189. The placing of glass in windows or doors
              a. none of these
              b. glazing
              c. puttying
              d. glassing

              190. A rejected building material because of its below standard grade is called
              a. out-limber
              b. run-of-the mill
              c. cult
              d. none of these

              191. Another word for handmill on a stair construction
              a. balustrade
              b. banister
              c hand guard
              d. stringer

              192. A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials
              a. sandwiched joint
              b. butt joint
              c. dado joint
              d. lap joint

              193. Green lumber is
              a. wolmanized lumber
              b. creasate treated lumber
              c. talanized lumber
              d. lumber that still contains moisture or sap

              194. The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof is called
              a. canal
              b. gutter
              c. valley
              d. ridge cap

              195. A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is a part of the cornice
              a. facia
              b. decorative board
              c. face over
              d. construction board

              196. A large heavy nail is referred to as
              a. spike
              b. anchorage hardware
              c. none of these
              d. dowel rod

              197. In designing a stair, to find the number of riser divide the height of the stair by the height of each
              a. newel post
              b. risers
              c. balusters
              d. nosing

              198. Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done
              a. bent chamber
              b. submersible air chamber
              c. caisson
              d. none of these

              199. Stakes and batter board in a construction layouting procedure refers to
              a. building components where permanent horizontal and vertical measurement are indicated
              b. initial formworks done in construction
              c. vertical and horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and ditances of the reference points of the proposed building
              d. a cliché for layouting work

              200. Lumber specification S4S means
              a. smooth for surfacing jobs
              b. square on four sides
              c. first class lumber
              d. smooth on four sides

              Review Questions Building Technology Part 4

              Posted: 31 Oct 2008 08:11 AM CDT

              101. This material holds less moisture, is very light with less absorptive capacity and is very good in exterior sidings of residential houses in tropical regions
              a. asbestos cement shingles
              b. vinyl shingles
              c. wood shingles

              102. Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing is
              a. 2 corr.
              b. 2 ½ corr.
              c. 3 corr.

              103. A continuous recess built into

              (Message over 64 KB, truncated)
            • CAFA notes
              CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Bahay Pinoy Design Competition Posted: 01 Nov 2008 08:40 AM CDT
              Message 6 of 24 , Nov 1, 2008
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                Bahay Pinoy Design Competition

                Posted: 01 Nov 2008 08:40 AM CDT

                Slide 1






















                THE “BAHAY PINOY” DESIGN COMPETITION is a project of the Rotary-UAP Joint Committee on Housing of the United Architects of the Philippines and Rotary Makati Central D-3830


                The project shall be to design low-cost single-detached dwelling with a 20-30 sqm. floor area with no particular lot utilizing bamboo as the major building material for both structural and architectural components



                WHO MAY JOIN

                The competition is open to the following:

                Category I - Registered Filipino Architect (Team/Individual)

                Category II - Graduate of BS Architecture / Students (3rd year, 4th year & 5th year of architecture course)





                COMPETITION TIMETABLE

                Launching (October 25, 2008 )

                Deadline for registration (January 5, 2009 )

                Deadline for submission of questions (January 19, 2009 )

                Deadline to dispatch answers to questions (February 5, 2009 )

                Deadline for submission of entries (March 5, 2009 )

                Judging (March 12 – 15 , 2009 )

                Deadline for submission of boards by winners (April 15, 2009 )

                Awarding (April 25, 2009 )


                Registration Fee

                Category I–ONE THOUSAND PESOS (PhP 1,000.00)
                Category II-FIVE HUNDRED PESOS (PhP 500.00)


                PRIZES

                Category I

                First Prize Php 100,000.00

                Second Prize Php 50,000.00

                Third Prize Php 10,000.00


                Category II

                First Prize PhP 25,000.00

                Second Prize PhP 10,000.00

                Third Prize PhP 5,000.00


                DELIVERABLES

                - Competition Entry Form

                - Three (3) sets A3 size:

                •- Architectural drawings showing perspective, plans,
                four (4) elevations and two (2) sections.

                •- Structural concept details of primary framing of walls,
                columns and roof system.

                •- Concept report/detailed drawings describing the design approach and
                innovative features.

                •- Direct cost estimate of the project.


                After the deliberation and six (6) winners have been announced by the jury,
                the six (6) winners will be notified through e-mail/fax/telephone and
                be required to submit, re:

                •Three (3) boards of A1 size (594mm x 841mm)

                a) Board 1 – Perspective (eye-level)

                b) Board 2 – Floor plan, 4 elevations & 2

                sections
                c) Board 3 – Concepts & Details


                594mm (vertical) and 841mm (horizontal)


                dimensions in metric scale preferably 1:100m.


                Detailed cost estimate of the project.


                Electronic files of each board in pdf format saved to a CD.


                Instructions and Presentations

                Drawings may be done in color or monochrome.

                Boards shall have a 1mm black line all around, setback 25mm from the edge


                COMPETITION SECRETARIAT

                United Architects of the Philippines

                53 Scout Rallos Street , Diliman, Quezon City

                Telephone (63-2)4126364, (63-2)4126374 Fax (63-2)3721796

                Email: bahaypinoy @ yahoo.com









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                CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Rock World Posted: 03 Nov 2008 10:46 AM CST
                Message 7 of 24 , Nov 3, 2008
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                  Rock World

                  Posted: 03 Nov 2008 10:46 AM CST


                  Natural stones for your landscaping needs and for interior decorative accents refer to

                  http://philrockworld.blogspot.com

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                  CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Review Questions History Part 4 Posted: 09 Nov 2008 08:32 AM CST
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                    Review Questions History Part 4

                    Posted: 09 Nov 2008 08:32 AM CST

                    101. He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living".

                    a. Buckminster Fuller

                    b. Louis Sullivan

                    c. Marcel Lajos Breuer

                    d. Le Corbusier


                    102. Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.

                    a. Buckminster Fuller

                    b. Louis Sullivan

                    c. Marcel Lajos Breuer

                    d. Le Corbusier


                    103. Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction.

                    a. Carlos Rodriguez

                    b. Felix Outerino Candela

                    c. Luis Soria y Mata

                    d. Francisco Sanchez


                    104. The architect of the Pantheon.

                    a. Hadrian

                    b. Bernini

                    c. Vitruvius

                    d. Agrippa


                    105. Architect of the World Trade Center .

                    a. Kenzo Tange

                    b. Arata Isozake

                    c. Minoru Yamasaki

                    d. Tadao Ando


                    106. He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.

                    a. Hadrian

                    b. Bernini

                    c. Vitruvius

                    d. Agrippa


                    107. Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople )

                    a. Callicrates and Ictinus

                    b. Anthemius and Isidorus

                    c. Theron and Libon

                    d. Cossutius and Mnesicles


                    108. Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines .

                    a. George Ramos

                    b. William Cosculluela

                    c. Froilan Hong

                    d. Gabriel Formoso


                    109. Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak ?

                    a. Ptolemy III

                    b. Thothmes I

                    c. Senusret I

                    d. Amenemhat I


                    110. Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria .

                    a. Ptolemy III

                    b. Thothmes I

                    c. Senusret I

                    d. Amenemhat I


                    111. The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance style.

                    a. Christopher Wren

                    b. Iñigo Jones

                    c. John Vanbrugh

                    d. William Chambers


                    112. Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.

                    a. Phidias

                    b. Ptolemy III

                    c. Callimachus

                    d. Bernini


                    113. Architect of the Temple of Zeus , Agrigentum

                    a. Libon

                    b. Mnesicles

                    c. Theron

                    d. Cossutius


                    114. Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia .

                    a. Libon

                    b. Mnesicles

                    c. Theron

                    d. Cossutius


                    115. Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius.

                    a. Libon

                    b. Mnesicles

                    c. Theron

                    d. Cossutius


                    116. Architect of the Erechtheion.

                    a. Libon

                    b. Mnesicles

                    c. Theron

                    d. Cossutius


                    117. Master sculptor of the Parthenon.

                    a. Phidias

                    b. Ptolemy III

                    c. Callimachus

                    d. Bernini


                    118. Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.

                    a. Erich Mendelsohn

                    b. Daniel Burnham

                    c. Inigo Jones

                    d. Welton Becket


                    119. "A house is a machine to live in".

                    a. Frank Loyd Wright

                    b. Le Corbusier

                    c. Mies van de Rohe

                    d. Walter Gropius


                    120. Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower .

                    a. Eliel Saarinen

                    b. Mies van de Rohe

                    c. Frank Lloyd Wright

                    d. Erich Mendelsohn


                    121. "Architecture is Organic".

                    a. Mies van de Rohe

                    b. Walter Gropius

                    c. Le Corbusier

                    d. Frank Lloyd Wright


                    122. Invented reinforced concrete in France .

                    a. Erich Mendelsohn

                    b. Le Corbusier

                    c. Mies van de Rohe

                    d. Hennevique


                    123. First elected U.A.P. president.

                    a. Jose Herrera

                    b. Juan Nakpil

                    c. Cesar Concio

                    d. Felipe Mendoza


                    124. First president and founder of PAS.

                    a. Jose Herrera

                    b. Juan Nakpil

                    c. Cesar Concio

                    d. Felipe Mendoza


                    125. Architect of the National Library , Philippines .

                    a. Jose Herrera

                    b. Juan Nakpil

                    c. Cesar Concio

                    d. Felipe Mendoza


                    126. Designer of the Bonifacio Monument .

                    a. Cesar Concio

                    b. Felipe Mendoza

                    c. Tomas Mapua

                    d. Juan Nakpil


                    127. Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument .

                    a. Antonio Guillermo

                    b. Guillermo Tolentino

                    c. Antonio Tolentino

                    d. Ang Kiukok


                    128. Designer of the Taj Mahal.

                    a. Shah Jalan

                    b. Shah Jahan

                    c. Shah Reza

                    d. Shah Naser


                    129. Expressionist Architect.

                    a. Eero Saarinen

                    b. Alvar Aalto

                    c. Hennevique

                    d. Erich Mendelsohn


                    130. Founders of the "Art Noveau".

                    a. Alva Aalto

                    b. Frank Lloyd Wright

                    c. Inigo Jones

                    d. John Ruskin and William Moris


                    131. Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.

                    a. Felipe Mendoza

                    b. Gabriel Formoso

                    c. Leandro Locsin

                    d. George Ramos


                    132. Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.

                    a. Felipe Mendoza

                    b. Gabriel Formoso

                    c. Leandro Locsin

                    d. George Ramos


                    133. Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.

                    a. Tomas Mapua

                    b. Juan Nakpil

                    c. Jose Herrera

                    d. Cesar Concio


                    134. The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.

                    a. Tomas Mapua

                    b. Juan Nakpil

                    c. Jose Herrera

                    d. Cesar Concio


                    135. Architect of SM Megamall.

                    a. Jose Siao Ling

                    b. Antonio Sin Diong

                    c. Gilbert Yu

                    d. Jonathan Gan


                    136. Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.

                    a. Gabriel Formoso

                    b. George Ramos

                    c. Juan Nakpil

                    d. Leandro Locsin


                    137. G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.

                    a. Froilan Hong

                    b. Gabriel Formoso

                    c. George Ramos

                    d. Felipe Palafox


                    138. Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.

                    a. Antipolo Church

                    b. Angono Church

                    c. Jala-jala Church

                    d. Morong Church


                    139. This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.

                    a. Panay Cathedral in Capiz

                    b. Las Pinas Cathedral

                    c. Quiapo Church

                    d. Laoag Cathedral


                    140. A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches.

                    a. Ambo

                    b. Bema

                    c. Cella

                    d. Cancelli


                    141. In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.

                    a. Naos

                    b. Narthex

                    c. Apse

                    d. Nave


                    142. From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear.

                    a. Astylar

                    b. Amphi-Prostyle

                    c. Dipteral

                    d. Tympanum


                    143. Corresponds to the Greek naos.

                    a. Ambo

                    b. Bema

                    c. Cella

                    d. Cancelli


                    144. The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante.

                    a. Latin Cross

                    b. Greek Cross

                    c. English Cross

                    d. French Cross


                    145. The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna.

                    a. Latin Cross

                    b. Greek Cross

                    c. English Cross

                    d. French Cross


                    146. On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are

                    called.

                    a. Ambo

                    b. Bema

                    c. Cella

                    d. Cancelli


                    147. In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later developed into the transept, this is the ___.

                    a. Ambo

                    b. Bema

                    c. Cella

                    d. Cancelli


                    148. In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church called ___.

                    a. Naos

                    b. Narthex

                    c. Apse

                    d. Nave


                    149. Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.

                    a. Forum

                    b. Parthenon

                    c. Agora

                    d. Colloseum


                    150. Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.

                    a. East

                    b. West

                    c. North

                    d. South


                    151. Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.

                    a. East

                    b. West

                    c. North

                    d. South


                    152. Orientation of the Medieval Church.

                    a. East

                    b. West

                    c. North

                    d. South


                    153. The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of the church called ___.

                    a. Ambo

                    b. Bema

                    c. Cella

                    d. Cancelli


                    154. Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

                    a. Little Metropole Cathedral, Athens

                    b. Sao Paulo Cathedral, Brazil

                    c. Cathedral of San Giovanni, Rome

                    d. Aachen Cathedral, Germany


                    155. One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.

                    a. Nea Moni

                    b. Church of Saint Simon

                    c. Church of the Most Holy Trinity, Portugal

                    d. Liverpool Cathedral , U.K.


                    156. Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.

                    a. Circular

                    b. Cross-type

                    c. Rectangular

                    d. Centralized


                    157. First school which offered architecture in the Philippines.

                    a. Mapua

                    b. UST

                    c. Liceo de Manila

                    d. National University


                    158. The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west ends.

                    a. Worms Cathedral

                    b. Tournai Cathedral

                    c. Trier Cathedral

                    d. Bamberg Cathedral


                    159. The council house in Greece.

                    a. Insulae

                    b. Bouleuterion

                    c. Domus

                    d. Prytaneion


                    160. The senate house of the Greeks.

                    a. Insulae

                    b. Bouleuterion

                    c. Domus

                    d. Prytaneion


                    161. The oldest circus in Rome.

                    a. Circus Varianus

                    b. Circus Maximus

                    c. Circus of Maxentius

                    d. Circus Flaminius


                    162. The oldest and most important forum in Rome.

                    a. Forum Romanum

                    b. Imperial Forum

                    c. Forum Cuppedinis

                    d. Forum Vinarium


                    163. The warm room in the Thermae.

                    a. Tepidarium

                    b. Calidarium

                    c. Sudatorium

                    d. Unctuaria


                    164. The Hot room of the Thermae.

                    a. Tepidarium

                    b. Calidarium

                    c. Sudatorium

                    d. Unctuaria


                    165. The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.

                    a. Tepidarium

                    b. Calidarium

                    c. Sudatorium

                    d. Unctuaria


                    166. The dressing room of the Thermae.

                    a. Apodyteria

                    b. Calidarium

                    c. Sudatorium

                    d. Unctuaria


                    167. The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.

                    a. Apodyteria

                    b. Calidarium

                    c. Sudatorium

                    d. Unctuaria


                    168. The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by whom and completed by whom?

                    a. Vespasian / Domitian

                    b. Julius Caesar

                    c. Nero

                    d. Theodosius II


                    169. The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'.

                    a. Phylaki

                    b. Treasury of Atreus

                    c. Nea Roumata

                    d. Tholos Tomb


                    170. Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?

                    a. Darius

                    b. Hystaspes

                    c. Amytis

                    d. Xerxes


                    171. The private house of the Romans.

                    a. Villa

                    b. Domus

                    c. Atrium House

                    d. Thalamus


                    172. The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.

                    a. Balneum

                    b. Domus

                    c. Insulae

                    d. Thalamus


                    173. Roman apartment blocks.

                    a. Villa

                    b. Domus

                    c. Insulae

                    d. Thalamus


                    174. Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site.

                    a. Villa

                    b. Domus

                    c. Atrium House

                    d. Thalamus


                    175. A roman house with a central patio.

                    a. Villa

                    b. Domus

                    c. Atrium House

                    d. Thalamus


                    176. A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.

                    a. Balneum

                    b. Domus

                    c. Insulae

                    d. Thalamus

                    Review Questions History Part 3

                    Posted: 09 Nov 2008 08:48 AM CST

                    1. The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty.

                    a. Rameses I

                    b. Rameses II

                    c. Rameses III

                    d. Rameses IV


                    2. The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her domains had ample supply of was.

                    a. Cement

                    b. Marble

                    c. Lime

                    d. Silica


                    3. Greek architecture was essentially.

                    a. Domical roof construction

                    b. Helm Roof

                    c. Columnar trabeated

                    d. Arch and vault


                    4. Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles is the.

                    a. Parthenon

                    b. Propylaea

                    c. Pteroma

                    d. Stoa


                    5. The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect building ever erected is the.

                    a. Parthenon

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Acroterion

                    d. Prytaneion


                    6. With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the Romans achieved huge interiors with the.

                    a. Domical roof construction

                    b. Helm Roof

                    c. Columnar trabeated

                    d. Arch and vault


                    7. Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks.

                    a. Corinthian

                    b. Doric

                    c. Composite

                    d. Ionic


                    8. From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the practice of using.

                    a. Domical roof construction

                    b. Helm Roof

                    c. Columnar trabeated

                    d. Arch and vault


                    9. Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the use of what material for facing walls.

                    a. Bricks

                    b. Cement

                    c. Lime

                    d. Marble


                    10. The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome .

                    a. Pantheon

                    b. Parthenon

                    c. Acropolis

                    d. Apotheca


                    11. The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple.

                    a. Stoa

                    b. Pteroma

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Anthemion


                    12. Amphitheaters are used for ___.

                    a. Sports competition

                    b. Gladiatorial Contests

                    c. Marathon race

                    d. Public meetings


                    13. An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places.

                    a. Stoa

                    b. Pteroma

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Anthemion


                    14. The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City .

                    a. Pantheon

                    b. Parthenon

                    c. Apotheca

                    d. Acropolis


                    15. An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles.

                    a. Acroterion

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Apotheca


                    16. Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually, the ornament itself.

                    a. Acroterion

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Apotheca


                    17. Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.

                    a. Acroterion

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Apotheca


                    18. In ancient Greece and Rome , a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine.

                    a. Acroterion

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Apotheca


                    19. The characteristic of Greek ornament.

                    a. Acroterion

                    b. Anthemion

                    c. Antefix

                    d. Apotheca


                    20. The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.

                    a. Refectory

                    b. Cortel

                    c. Apse

                    d.Dipteral


                    21. The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.

                    a. Romanesque

                    b. Renaissance

                    c. Baroque

                    d. Medieval


                    22. The open court in an Italian palazzo.

                    a. Tumuli

                    b. Dipteral

                    c. Prytaneion

                    d. Cortel


                    23. The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window.

                    a. Cavetto

                    b. Crenel

                    c. Tracery

                    d. Embrasures


                    24. "cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.

                    a. Roman

                    b. Greek

                    c. Egyptian

                    d. Byzantine


                    25. How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral?

                    a. 167

                    b. 176

                    c. 186

                    d. 168


                    26. Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.

                    i. Cornice ii. Frieze iii.Architrave

                    a. i, ii, iii

                    b. ii, i, iii

                    c. iii, i, ii

                    d. i, iii, ii


                    27. Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.

                    a. Octagonal

                    b. Hexagonal

                    c. Rectangular

                    d. Square


                    28. Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

                    a. 10

                    b. 11

                    c. 12

                    d. 13


                    29. Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.

                    a. Square

                    b. Rectangle

                    c. Round

                    d. Triangular


                    30. Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.

                    a. Pediment

                    b. Pendentive

                    c. Architrave

                    d. Frieze


                    31. A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the poly-gonal plan of its supporting structure.

                    a. Pediment

                    b. Pendentive

                    c. Architrave

                    d. Frieze


                    32. A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.

                    a. Nave

                    b. Narthex

                    c. Naos

                    d. Apse


                    33. The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir orchancel and usually flanked by aisles.

                    a. Nave

                    b. Narthex

                    c. Naos

                    d. Apse


                    34. The uppermost step in the crepidoma.

                    a. Pendentive

                    b. Stylobate

                    c. Stereobate

                    d. Pediment


                    35. The lowest step in the crepidoma.

                    a. Pendentive

                    b. Stylobate

                    c. Stereobate

                    d. Pediment


                    36. Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.

                    a. Areostyle

                    b. Eustyle

                    c. Systyle

                    d. Pycnostyle


                    37. Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.

                    a. Areostyle

                    b. Eustyle

                    c. Systyle

                    d. Pycnostyle


                    38. Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.

                    a. Areostyle

                    b. Eustyle

                    c. Systyle

                    d. Diastyle


                    39. Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?

                    a. 1.5 Diameters

                    b. 2.5 Diameters

                    c. 3.5 Diameters

                    d. 4.5 Diameters


                    40. Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.

                    a. 2 Diameters

                    b. 3 Diameters

                    c. 5 Diameters

                    d. 6 Diameters


                    41. Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek.

                    a. Colosseum

                    b. Circus

                    c. Palaestra

                    d. Stadium


                    42. Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.

                    a. Colosseum

                    b. Circus

                    c. Stadium

                    d. Palaestra


                    43. What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?

                    a. Foot race

                    b. Athletics

                    c. Ball games

                    d. Wrestling


                    44. A foot race course in the cities.

                    a. Palaestra

                    b. Stadium

                    c. Colosseum

                    d. Amphitheater


                    45. Architects of the Parthenon.

                    a. Callicrates and Ictinus

                    b. Anthemius and Isidorus

                    c. Theron and Libon

                    d. Cossutius and Mnesicles


                    46. The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during occasions.

                    a. Zaguan

                    b. Lamin

                    c. Bilik

                    d. Dapogan


                    47. Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are kept.

                    a. Zaguan

                    b. Lamin

                    c. Bilik

                    d. Dapogan


                    48. The emergency hideout found directly behind the headboard of the Sultan's bed.

                    a. Zaguan

                    b. Lamin

                    c. Bilik

                    d. Dapogan


                    49. In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-shaped stove or kalan is known as ___.

                    a. Zaguan

                    b. Lamin

                    c. Bilik

                    d. Dapogan


                    50. Japanese tea house.

                    a. Masu-gumi

                    b. Cha-sit-su

                    c. Tokonoma

                    d. Torei


                    51. A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration.

                    a. Ziggurat

                    b. Masjid

                    c. Aljibe

                    d. Mudejar


                    52. Domical mound containing a relic.

                    a. Stoa

                    b. Stupa

                    c. Basilica

                    d. Triforium


                    53. Ifugao house (southern strain).

                    a. Bale

                    b. Zaguan

                    c. Dapogan

                    d. Bilik


                    54. The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps.

                    a. Doric

                    b. Ionic

                    c. Corinthian

                    d. Composite


                    55. Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.

                    a. Ziggurat

                    b. Tumuli

                    c. Cenotaphs

                    d. Sarcophagus


                    56. A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and intended to house an altar.

                    a. Refectory

                    b. Cortel

                    c. Apse

                    d. Dipteral


                    57. Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos.

                    a. Prytaneion

                    b. Dipteral

                    c. Crepidoma

                    d. Triforium


                    58. Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture

                    a. Prytaneion

                    b. Dipteral

                    c. Crepidoma

                    d. Triforium


                    59. Architect of the Einstein Tower.

                    a. Alvar Aalto

                    b. Erich Mendelsohn

                    c. Welton Becket

                    d. Jugendstijl


                    60. Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.

                    a. Alvar Aalto

                    b. Eero Saarinen<

                    (Message over 64 KB, truncated)

                  • CAFA notes
                    CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Review Questions History Parts 3 and 4 Posted: 10 Nov 2008 05:59 AM CST
                    Message 9 of 24 , Nov 10, 2008
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                      CAFA notes

                      Answers to Review Questions History Parts 3 and 4

                      Posted: 10 Nov 2008 05:59 AM CST

                      1. a. Rameses I

                      2. b. Marble

                      3. c. Columnar trabeated

                      4. b. Propylaea

                      5. a. Parthenon

                      6. d. Arch and vault

                      7. c. Composite

                      8. a. Domical roof construction

                      9. d. Marble

                      10. a. Pantheon

                      11. b. Pteroma

                      12. b. Gladiatorial Contests

                      13. a. Stoa

                      14. d. Acropolis

                      15. c. Antefix

                      16. a. Acroterion

                      17. b. Anthemion

                      18. d. Apotheca

                      19. b. Anthemion

                      20. a. Refectory

                      21. c. Baroque

                      22. d. Cortel

                      23. c. Tracery

                      24. a. Roman

                      25. b. 176

                      26. a. i, ii, iii

                      27. a. Octagonal

                      28. d. 13

                      29. a. Square

                      30. a. Pediment

                      31. b. Pendentive

                      32. b. Narthex

                      33. a. Nave

                      34. b. Stylobate

                      35. c. Stereobate

                      36. b. Eustyle

                      37. a. Areostyle

                      38. c. Systyle

                      39. a. 1.5 Diameters

                      40. b. 3 Diameters

                      41. b. Circus

                      42. a. Colosseum

                      43. d. Wrestling

                      44. b. Stadium

                      45. a. Callicrates and Ictinus

                      46. b. Lamin

                      47. a. Zaguan

                      48. c. Bilik

                      49. d. Dapogan

                      50. b. Cha-sit-su

                      51. b. Masjid

                      52. b. Stupa

                      53. a. Bale

                      54. a. Doric

                      55. b. Tumuli

                      56. c. Apse

                      57. b. Dipteral

                      58. a. Prytaneion

                      59. b. Erich Mendelsohn

                      60. d. Walter Gropius

                      61. c. Art Noveau

                      62. d. Van Alen

                      63. b. Embrasures

                      64. a. Amenemhat I

                      65. c. Senusret I

                      66. a. Pyramid of Zoser

                      67. b. Pyramid of Khufu

                      68. d. Canephora

                      69. a. Bartizan

                      70. b. Masu-gumi

                      71. a. Cavetto

                      72. d. Carlos Santos Viola

                      73. a.. Caesar Homer Concio

                      74. b. William Cosculluela

                      75. a. Imhotep

                      76. c. Richard Josef Neutra

                      77. a. Jugendstijl

                      78. d. Eero Saarinen

                      79. b. Kenzo Tange

                      80. c. Khufu

                      81. b. Console

                      82. a. Chartres Cathedral

                      83. a. Octagonal

                      84. b. Tokonama

                      85. d. Hagia Sophia

                      86. b. Baldachino

                      87. a. Tabernacle

                      88. c. Exedra

                      89. b. Niche

                      90. d. Mudejar

                      91. a. Mnesicles

                      92. c. Pinacotheca

                      93. b. Odeion

                      94. a. Epidauros

                      95. b. Opus Mixtum

                      96. a. Opus Incertum

                      97. c. Opus Recticulatum

                      98. d. Opus Quadratum

                      99. a. Opus Tesselatum

                      100. b. Louis Sullivan

                      101. a. Buckminster Fuller

                      102. c. Marcel Lajos Breuer

                      103. b. Felix Outerino Candela

                      104. d. Agrippa

                      105. c. Minoru Yamasaki

                      106. b. Bernini

                      107. b. Anthemius and Isidorus

                      108. a. George Ramos

                      109. b. Thothmes I

                      110. a. Ptolemy III

                      111. b. Iñigo Jones

                      112. c. Callimachus

                      113. c. Theron

                      114. a. Libon

                      115. d. Cossutius

                      116. b. Mnesicles

                      117. a. Phidias

                      118. d. Welton Becket

                      119. b. Le Corbusier

                      120. a. Eliel Saarinen

                      121. d. Frank Lloyd Wright

                      122. d. Hennevique

                      123. a. Jose Herrera

                      124. b. Juan Nakpil

                      125. d. Felipe Mendoza

                      126. d. Juan Nakpil

                      127. b. Guillermo Tolentino

                      128. b. Shah Jahan

                      129. d. Erich Mendelsohn

                      130. d. John Ruskin and William Moris

                      131. a. Felipe Mendoza

                      132. d. George Ramos

                      133. b. Juan Nakpil

                      134. b. Juan Nakpil

                      135. b. Antonio Sin Diong

                      136. a. Gabriel Formoso

                      137. c. George Ramos

                      138. d. Morong Church

                      139. a. Panay Cathedral in Capiz

                      140. b. Bema

                      141. a. Naos

                      142. b. Amphi-Prostyle

                      143. c. Cella

                      144. b. Greek Cross

                      145. a. Latin Cross

                      146. a. Ambo

                      147. b. Bema

                      148. c. Apse

                      149. a.. Forum

                      150. a. East

                      151. d. South

                      152. b. West

                      153. d. Cancelli

                      154. a. Little Metropole Cathedral, Athens

                      155. a. Nea Moni

                      156. d. Centralized

                      157. c. Liceo de Manila

                      158. a. Worms Cathedral

                      159. b. Bouleuterion

                      160. d. Prytaneion

                      161. b. Circus Maximus

                      162. a. Forum Romanum

                      163. a. Tepidarium

                      164. b. Calidarium

                      165. c. Sudatorium

                      166. a. Apodyteria

                      167. d. Unctuaria

                      168. a. Vespasian / Domitian

                      169. b. Treasury of Atreus

                      170. d. Xerxes

                      171. b. Domus

                      172. d. Thalamus

                      173. c. Insulae

                      174. a. Villa

                      175. c. Atrium House

                      176. a. Balneum
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                    • CAFA notes
                      CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// PRBOA June 2009 LEA Syllabi Posted: 11 Nov 2008 07:27 AM CST
                      Message 10 of 24 , Nov 11, 2008
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                        PRBOA June 2009 LEA Syllabi

                        Posted: 11 Nov 2008 07:27 AM CST

                        To those reviewing for the June 2009 exam, please take time to read the proposed syllabi prepared by the PRBOA. Please take note of the coverage of the exam especially the aditional subject on architetcural interiors. It would be worthwhile to note that this subject was not included in your curriculum. If you have further comments, please write the PRBOA listed in my links. You can view the proposed syllabi at
                        http://architectureboard.ph/uploads/1223128778-draft_June2009%20LEA%20Syllabi.pdf

                        Blog Ads

                        Posted: 11 Nov 2008 05:33 AM CST

                        I was amused today upon receiving a message from Google Adsense that they will be paying me already for the ads which users have clicked on this site. Its a whopping $10 since I opened my blog! Ang laki pala hehe!!! Its a good try anyway.
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                        CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// 2008 YP Design Challenge winners announced Posted: 12 Nov 2008 03:44 AM CST
                        Message 11 of 24 , Nov 12, 2008
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                          2008 YP Design Challenge winners announced

                          Posted: 12 Nov 2008 03:44 AM CST

                          12 November 2008

                          Dear Sirs and Madams:

                          Greetings from TAO-Pilipinas!

                          We are pleased to announce the winners and finalists of the YP Design Challenge – Sustainable Shelter category. The jury panel composed of Arch/EnP. Arlene Lusterio of TAO-Pilipinas, Arch/EnP. Dinky von Einsiedel of CONCEP Inc. and PIEP, and Engr. Ramby Nolido of RA Nolido Construction Corp., deliberated on November 10, 2008 and selected the winning entries from among 22 submissions.

                          Selection of winning entries were based on the following criteria: Sustainable Design Features (25%); Originality and Innovativeness (25%); Cost-effectiveness (20%); Environmentally-sound Construction (20%); and Socio-Cultural Sensitivity and Affordability (10%).

                          First Award (PhP 20,000 prize)

                          No First Place was awarded by the jury.





                          Second Award (PhP 12,000 prize each)

                          Second Place was shared by two entries.Mark Cris Abarquez

                          Team members: Leonard Bryan T. Tecson, Johmar E. Beley

                          4th year BS Architecture students, Far Eastern University (FEU)

                          Adviser: Arch. Antonio C. De Vera


                          Jasmine M. Soriano

                          2008 BS Architecture graduate, Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP)





                          Third Award (PhP 8,000 prize)
                          Randy A. Amonoy

                          Team members: Jerome T. Dañas, Ildefonso M. Madiano Jr.

                          5th year BS Architecture students, Technological University of the Philippines (TUP)


                          Special Award for Innovation (PhP 5,000 prize)

                          Special Award was given by the jury for an entry that showed outstanding efforts

                          in specific aspects of the design proposal.Alvin C. Trinidad

                          4th year BS Architecture student, University of the Philippines (UP)

                          Adviser: Arch. Nicolo Del Castillo


                          Finalists

                          Short-listed entries that passed the final screening were categorized as Notable Designs.

                          Myra P. Ocampo

                          Team member: Muriel D. Sellote

                          4th year BS Architecture students, Far Eastern University (FEU)

                          Adviser: Arch. Antonio C. De Vera



                          Benjamin P. Casono

                          4th year BS Architecture student, University of the Philippines (UP)

                          Adviser: Arch. Nicolo Del Castillo



                          Franz Miko Verzon

                          2nd year BS Architecture student, University of Santo Tomas (UST)





                          The presentation boards of the winning entries and finalists may be viewed online at www.ypdesignchallenge.tao-pilipinas.org. Jury comments for each of the selected entries will also be posted online soon. TAO-Pilipinas shall organize the awarding ceremonies on December 2008 and exhibition of winning and notable designs by January 2009.



                          We also would like to inform you that the registration for the YP Design Challenge categories Portable Playground and Trash Transformation is still open. Registration deadline is on November 20 and the submission period is from November 26 to November 28, 2008. We hope that this new schedule would allow more of your students to join the design competition.



                          Again, we encourage your faculty to consider integrating the competition as a student design plate of your class for the semester. You may choose to register only your pre-selected top designs of the class (especially for professors using the design assignment as an internal class competition).



                          Thank you for allowing your students to incorporate the competition into their studies and supporting their efforts. We hope for your continued involvement with the project.





                          Most sincerely,
                          Ge


                          Geraldine R. Matabang

                          Young Professionals Program Coordinator

                          TAO-Pilipinas, Inc.

                          23A Matiyaga St., Bgy. Central, Diliman, QC

                          Telefax: 441-0998

                          Mobile: 0915-3166822
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                        • CAFA notes
                          CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Review Questions UAPGA Posted: 14 Nov 2008 11:17 PM CST
                          Message 12 of 24 , Nov 14, 2008
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                            Answers to Review Questions UAPGA

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 11:17 PM CST

                            Building Utilities

                            1. a. 15 m
                            2. b. Round Cock
                            3. b. Jetted Well
                            4. a. Blazed joint
                            5.a. 8
                            6. b. With a continuing network of pipes o provide a constant circulation of water.
                            7. c. Boiler blow-off
                            8. b. Tail piece
                            9. d. Cheapest
                            10. d. 76 mm
                            11. b. 4
                            12. c. 1.8 m
                            13. d. Drum trap
                            14. c. 3/5
                            15. c. Yellow
                            16. a. Addition of water softeners
                            17. a. Polybutylene
                            18. a. Pneumatic water supply
                            19. c. 31
                            20. b. Siphon vortex
                            21. b. 1:8
                            22. d. None of the above
                            23. a. 2.00 m
                            24. b. Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Linked Thermosetting Polyethylene
                            25. c. VRV
                            26. d. Bonet
                            27. b. Preaction System
                            28. b. Class B Fire
                            29. d. Grommet

                            Building Technology

                            1. b. Party Wall
                            2. a. Spring hinge
                            3. c. Varnishes
                            4. b. Gypsum
                            5. d. Brick
                            6. c. Sandstone
                            7. a. Dry Vent
                            8. c. Relief Vent
                            9. a. Specification
                            10. c. Bid Bulletin
                            11. c. 16 inches or .46 m
                            12. c. 9 inches o .23 m
                            13. d. Crawl Space
                            14. a. Adhesiveness
                            15. c. Cohesiveness
                            16. d. Steel
                            17. c. Glass
                            18. a. Damproofers
                            19. d. Accelerators
                            20. c. Wood
                            21. d. Paint
                            22. c. Cribbling
                            23. c. Ceiling rafters
                            24. c. Load bearing wall tile
                            25. b. 8 inches
                            26. a. Fire Block
                            27. c. SPT – Standard Penetration Test
                            28. b. Concrete Additives
                            29. d. Insulating Glass
                            30. a. Roll-up door
                            31. a. 60 cm
                            32. a. 35 degree
                            33. a. Sheet piles
                            34. c. Distribution Line
                            35. d. Brace or the Diagonal

                            History, Theory, Prof Prac, Building Laws, Planning

                            1. b. PD 1296
                            2. a. Bouleuterion
                            3. b. Home Insurance & Guarantee Corporation (HIGC)
                            4. a. Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak
                            5. c. Firewall; fireblock
                            6. b. Actual direct cost plus 10 percent for profit, overhead and tax
                            7. b. Affordable cost
                            8. a. Pre Design
                            9. d. Burst node
                            10. d. Technical Transfer
                            11. a. Andrea Palladio
                            12. b. Ten books of Architecture by Marcus Vitruvius
                            3. a. Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 2986
                            14. c. Tomb of Agamemnon
                            15. b. Trajan’s Column
                            16. c. Medieval Organic City
                            17. b. Queen Anne style
                            18. a. Unite d’ Habitation
                            19. c. Project Management
                            20. c. Cost Records
                            21. b. Consulting Architect
                            22. a. Project Representative
                            23. b. 98%
                            24. d. The Architect shall consider the needs and stipulation of the Contractor and the effect of his work upon the life and well-being of the public and community as a whole
                            25. b. UAP Doc 202
                            26. b. Guarantee Bond equivalent to 40% of the Contract Price covering a period of one year after the Final Acceptance of the Work.
                            27. a. 3 months
                            28. c. Letchworth
                            29. b. Leslie Patrick Abercrombie
                            30. b. Leon Battista Alberti
                            31. a. Homer Hoyt
                            32. d. Peter Kropotkin
                            33. c. Post-Construction Services
                            34. c. PD 957
                            35. c. Performance Bond
                            36. d. Sir Christopher Wren
                            37. c. Temenos
                            38. c. Walter Gropius
                            39. b. Le Corbusier
                            40. b. CPD Provider
                            41. a. 1 slot/family dwelling
                            42. c. Prytaneion
                            43. a. Kankanay
                            44. b. Garden Oasis
                            45. c. Decorated style
                            46. b. Cromlech
                            47. c. 100 meters
                            48. c. Php 480,000.00
                            49. d. City Engineer
                            50. d. All of the above
                            51. a. Architect
                            52. b. Class B Fire
                            53. a. Special Provisions
                            54. d. Building Permit
                            55. d. Contractor/2
                            56. b. Mannerism

                            Structural

                            1. a. P-delta effect
                            2. b. Weak Storey
                            3. d. Essential Facilities
                            4. a. Diaphragm
                            5. c. Braced Frame
                            6. b. Plasticizer
                            7. a. 2 years
                            8. d. 7850 Kg
                            9. a. Shotcrete
                            10. a. Limit state
                            11. b. Metal Fatigue
                            12. d. Buckling load
                            13. c. Hinge
                            14. a. Semi-continuous beam
                            15. a. 1000 Pa
                            16. d. Uplift pressure
                            17. a. Eyebar
                            18. c. Riprap
                            19. c. Thin shell
                            20. b. Overturning moment
                            21. a. Sway brace
                            22. d. Grillage foundation
                            23. c. Soil Stabilization
                            24. a. Sump
                            25. d. Gerber beam
                            26. d. Seismometer
                            27. a. Liquefaction
                            28. c. Lintel beam
                            29. b. Angle of repose

                            Review Questions Structural UAPGA

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 11:00 PM CST

                            1. This is a secondary effect in shears and especially moments of frame members induced by vertical loads acting on laterally displaced building frame.
                            a. P-delta effect
                            b. Orthogonal Effect
                            c. Vertical Effect
                            d. Irregularity Effect

                            2. A storey whose strength is less than 80% of the strength of the storey above is considered as __________.
                            a. Soft Storey
                            b. Weak Storey
                            c. Overdesigned Storey
                            d. None of these

                            3. Hospitals, Communication Centers, and others, which are necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations, are classified as ___________.
                            a. Hazardous Facilities
                            b. Distribution Facilities
                            c. Seismic Facilities
                            d. Essential Facilities

                            4. A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical resisting system including the horizontal bracing system.
                            a. Diaphragm
                            b. Diaphragm Strut
                            c. Brace
                            d. Platform

                            5. This is essentially a vertical truss system provided to resist lateral forces of a building.
                            a. Shear wall system
                            b. Skeletal Frame
                            c. Braced Frame
                            d. Platform

                            6. Constructing a high- rise building requires concrete that can easily be pumped. What type of admixture in concrete the contractor will provide which can reduce the requirement of mixing water and produce a flowing concrete that does not segregate and needs very little vibration
                            a. Retarder
                            b. Plasticizer
                            c. Accelerator
                            d. Air entraining agent

                            7. The records of test material and of concrete must be preserved after the completion of the project for at least _________.
                            a. 2 years
                            b. 1 year
                            c. 15 years
                            d. 3 years

                            8. What is the weight of 1 cu. m. of steel?
                            a. 2400 KN
                            b. 2400 Kg
                            c. 7850 KN
                            d. 7850 Kg

                            9. A type of gunite mixed with an accelerating admixture with aggregate larger than 10mm originally sprayed under high air pressure of lining tunnels.
                            a. Shotcrete
                            b. Pnuematic Gunite
                            c. Early Strength Gunite
                            d. Pnuematic mortar

                            10. If a structure is judged under the condition either to be no longer useful for its intended function or to unsafe, it has reached its __________.
                            a. Limit state
                            b. Rupture state
                            c. Ultimate strength
                            d. Fracture State

                            11. A phenomenon of failure or damage that may result in sudden and brittle fracture of a ductile material due to reversals of stresses applied to a body repeatedly or a great number of times.
                            a. Torsional rupture
                            b. Metal Fatigue
                            c. Limit Stage
                            d. Inelastic failure

                            12. The load at which a perfectly straight member under compression assumes a deflected position.
                            a. Eccentric load
                            b. Axial load
                            c. Deflecting load
                            d. Buckling load

                            13. It is a point within the structure at which a member (beam/column) can rotate slightly to eliminate all bending moment in the member at that point.
                            a. Contraflexure point
                            b. Roller
                            c. Hinge
                            d. Support

                            14. It is a beam type supported by a hinge/roller at one end and the other end is projecting beyond a fixed support.
                            a. Semi-continuous beam
                            b. Simply supported beam
                            c. Fixed beam
                            d. Continuous beam

                            15. Floors in office buildings and in other buildings where partition locations are subject to change shall be designed to support in addition to all other loads, a uniformly distributed load equal to __________.
                            a. 1000 Pa
                            b. 500 Pa
                            c. 1500 Pa
                            d. 2000 Pa

                            16. The upward pressure against the bottom of the basement floor of a structure or road slab caused by the presence of water.
                            a. Hydraulic pressure
                            b. Bearing pressure
                            c. Hydrodynamic pressure
                            d. Uplift pressure

                            17. The particular type of pin-connected tension member of uniform thickness with forged loop or head of greater width than the body, with is proportioned to provide approximately equal strength both in the head and the body.
                            a. Eyebar
                            b. Tunbuckle
                            c. Rocker
                            d. Bolt

                            18. A revetment consisting of rough stones of various sizes placed compactly to protect the banks or bed of a river from the eroding effects of the flowing water.
                            a. Sheet pile
                            b. Cofferdam
                            c. Riprap
                            d. Caisson

                            19. A three-dimensional spatial structure made up of one or more curved slabs or folded plateshose thicknesses are small compared to their other dimensions.
                            a. Bearing all system
                            b. Funicular structure
                            c. Thin shell
                            d. Geodesic dome

                            20. It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or other horizontal forces on a building.
                            a. Buckling moment
                            b. Overturning moment
                            c. Carry over moment
                            d. None of these

                            21. It refers to a piece or pair of diagonal braces to resist wind or other horizontal forces on a building.
                            a. Sway brace
                            b. Knee brace
                            c. Chevron bracing
                            d. Stiffener

                            22. This is designed as special foundation for intense column loads on a platform consisting usually of two layers of rolled steel joists, one on top of other, at right angles.
                            a. Mat foundation
                            b. Floating foundation
                            c. Raft foundation
                            d. Grillage foundation

                            23. Referring to any artificial method of strengthening the soil to reduce its shrinkage and ensure that it will not move. Common methods are mixing the soil with cement or compaction
                            a. Sand drain
                            b. Soil investigation
                            c. Soil Stabilization
                            d. Soil Evaluation

                            24. A pit dug in the basement floor during excavation made to collect water into which a pump is placed the liquid to the sewer pipe.
                            a. Sump
                            b. Septic tank
                            c. Cofferdam
                            d. Cistern

                            25. It is a long, straight beam which by the inspection if two hinges in alternate spans, functions essentially as a cantilever beam.
                            a. Strap beam
                            b. Grade beam
                            c. Tie beam
                            d. Gerber beam

                            26. An instrument which measures the actual displacement of the ground with respect to a stationary point during an earthquake.
                            a. Deflectometer
                            b. Seismograph
                            c. Accelerograph
                            d. Seismometer

                            27. The behavior of sandy soil to weaken its capacity to carry imposed loads when subjected to vibration such as earthquake particularly when water table saturates this layer.
                            a. Liquefaction
                            b. Liquidity
                            c. Compaction
                            d. Settlement

                            28. It is a beam especially provided over an opening for a door or window to carry the wall over opening.
                            a. Transom beam
                            b. Spandrel beam
                            c. Lintel beam
                            d. Grade beam

                            29. For any given granular material, the steepest angle with horizontal, a heaped soil surface will make in normal condition that will not slide.
                            a. Angle of inclination
                            b. Angle of repose
                            c. Angle cohesion
                            d. Angle of surface tension

                            Review Questions History Theory Prof Prac Planning UAPGA

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 10:59 PM CST

                            1. Defining open space in residential subdivision
                            a. PD 957
                            b. PD 1296
                            c. BP 220
                            d. PD 579

                            2. The Greek council house which is covered meeting place for the democratically-elected council is called:
                            a. Bouleuterion
                            b. Thersihon
                            c. Prytaneion
                            d. Diathyros

                            3. A key house agency that assist private developers to undertake low and middle income mass housing production
                            a. National Home Mortgage & Finance Corporation (NHMFC)
                            b. Home Insurance & Guarantee Corporation (HIGC)
                            c. Housing & Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB)
                            d. National Housing Authority

                            4. The Grandest Temple of all Egyptian temples, it was not built by upon one complete plan but owes its size, disposition and magnificence to the work of many Kings. Built from the 12th Dynasty to the Ptolemaic period.
                            a. Great Temple of Ammon, Karnak
                            b. The Great temple of Abu-Simbel
                            c. Temple of Queen HATSHEPSUT
                            d. Temple of Ramsesseum, Thebes

                            5. A ____________ is a ___________ which extends vertically from lowest portion of the wall which adjoins two living units up to a minimum height of 0.30 meters above the highest portion of the roof and extends horizontally 0.30 meters beyond the outermost edge of the abutting living units?
                            a. Partywall; block
                            b. Firewall; lotline wall
                            c. Firewall; fireblock
                            d. Blotline wall; block

                            6. The value of extra work or change in construction plans by the owner.
                            a. Unit prices provided credit does not exceed 10 percent of original contract
                            b. Actual direct cost plus 10 percent for profit, overhead and tax
                            c. Value included in contingencies
                            d. Estimate and acceptance in lump sum

                            7. Refers to the most reasonable price of land and shelter based on the needs and financial capability of “program beneficiaries and appropriate financial schemes” (RA 7279).
                            a. Financial range
                            b. Affordable cost
                            c. House rental wage range
                            d. Lower housing rate

                            8. Architectural programming is one of the architect’s services that falls under:
                            a. Pre Design
                            b. Design
                            c. Design-Build
                            d. Specialized Services

                            9. In a PERT CPM. ____________is a starting node to two or more activities
                            a. Concurrent node
                            b. Merge node
                            c. Simultaneous nodes
                            d. Burst node

                            10. It refers to contracts or arrangements involving the transfer of systematic knowledge for the manufacture if a product
                            a. Technology transfer
                            b. Transfer of Record
                            c. Contract Documents
                            d. Technical Transfer

                            11. The father of modern picture books of Architecture
                            a. Andrea Palladio
                            b. Leon Battista Alberti
                            c. Philibert De L’orme
                            d. Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola

                            12. “The man of learning… can fearlessly look down upon the troublesome accidents of fortune. But he who thinks himself entrenched in defense not of learning but of luck, moves one slippery path, struggling though life unsteadily and insecurely.”
                            a. A New Architecture
                            b. Ten books of Architecture by Marcus Vitruvius
                            c. Space, Time and Architecture by Sigfried Gideon
                            d. The Poetry of Architecture by John Ruskin

                            13. It was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921 where the maestros de obra or the master builders are required to register as architects?
                            a. Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 2986
                            b. Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 2896
                            c. Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 9286
                            d. Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 8296

                            14. Tomb of Atreus, a noted example of the tholos type of tomb is also known as:
                            a. Mausoleum, Helicarnassos
                            b. Tomb of Clytemnestra
                            c. Tomb of Agamemnon
                            d. Thersilion, Megapolis

                            15. The memorial column built in the form of tall Doric order and made entirely f marble is;
                            a. Column of Antoninus Pius
                            b. Trajan’s Column
                            c. Column of Marcus Aurelius
                            d. Column of Dioelectian

                            16. Early type of settlement in America taken after the “baug” (military town) and “fauborg” (citizen’s town) of the medieval ages.
                            a. The European Planned City
                            b. Medieval Bastide
                            c. Medieval Organic City
                            d. Laws of the Indies Towns

                            17. It is the eclectic style of domestic architecture of the 1870’s and the 1880’s in England and the USA and actually based on country house and cottage Elizabeth architecture which was characterized by a blending of Tudor Gothic, English Renaissance and colonial elements in the USA:
                            a. Mannerist Phase
                            b. Queen Anne style
                            c. Jacobean Architecture
                            d. Stuart Architecture

                            18. Le Corbusier planned a high density building that was a “super building” that contained 337 dwellings in only acres of land. What is the structure that supposed to be located in Marseilles?
                            a. Unite d’ Habitation
                            b. Brasilia
                            c. The Mile High tower
                            d. Ecumenopolis

                            19. When the owner hires an Architect of a firm to coordinate the whole range of Comprehensive Architectural Services, it shall constitute?
                            a. Design-Build
                            b. Labor Supervision
                            c. Project Management
                            d. Construction Service

                            20. Which article is NOT included in the Building Contract?
                            a. Time of Completion and Liquidated Damages
                            b. Performance & Payment Bonds
                            c. Cost Records
                            d. Payments

                            21. He is a registered & licensed architect, who is academically and professionally qualified, & with exceptional or recognized expertise or specialization in any branch of architecture;
                            a. Architect-of-record
                            b. Consulting Architect
                            c. Architect
                            d. Architect-in-charge of the construction

                            22. A full time construction inspector hired by owner assisting in the supervision of the work.
                            a. Project Representative
                            b. Engineer
                            c. Contractor
                            d. Architect

                            23. After ___________ substantial completion of contract work, the architect shall inspect the project & issue certificate of completion after certification, the contractor will finish outstanding work during period of making good of all known defect of 60 days.
                            a. 85%
                            b. 98%
                            c. 95%
                            d. 90%

                            24. Which of the following is NOT the architect’s responsibility in relation to the contractor?
                            a. The Architect shall immediately upon his personal knowledge and inspection, reject or condemn materials, equipment or workmanship which are not in conformity with the Contract Documents in order not to cause Unnecessary delay and additional expense to the Contractor,
                            b. The Architect shall not knowingly call upon the Contractor to correct or remedy oversights or errors in the Contract Documents to the Contractor’s financial advantage.
                            c. The Architect shall give the contractor every reasonable aid to enable him to fully understand the contents of the Contract Documents by furnishing clear, definite and consistent information in all pertinent contract documents to avoid unnecessary mistakes that may involve extra costs to the Contractor.
                            d. The Architect shall consider the needs and stipulation of the Contractor and the effect of his work upon the life and well-being of the public and community as a whole

                            25. In methods of compensation, if the Architect as Project Manager performs regular architectural services for the same project, he is compensated separately for these services as stipulated in what UAP Documents?
                            a. UAP Doc 201
                            b. UAP Doc 202
                            c. UAP Doc 203
                            d. UAP Doc 204

                            26. The Contractor shall submit the following before Final Payment is to be released except for:
                            a. 3 copies of directory of Panel boards with list of circuits, instructions and Manuals for Operating and Maintenance of Fixture and Equipment and Keying Schedule
                            b. Guarantee Bond equivalent to 40% of the Contract Price covering a period of one year after the Final Acceptance of the Work.
                            c. Certificate of final Building occupancy.
                            d. Original and 3 sets of prints of As-Built Drawings of the finished project.

                            27. Within how many months shall be the release of Retention from date of Final Payment?
                            a. 3 months
                            b. 4 months
                            c. 5 months
                            d. 2 months

                            28. It is the first Development Garden City where it is a combination of landscaping, informal street layouts, and main axis focusing on town center.
                            a. Savannah
                            b. Welwyn
                            c. Letchworth
                            d. Hampstead Garden Suburbs

                            29. A British pioneered in regional Planning for the Doncaster area (1920-1922) and East Kent; Involved in greater London Plan; Use of open space as structuring element.
                            a. Clarence Perry
                            b. Leslie Patrick Abercrombie
                            c. Henry Wright
                            d. Andres Duany

                            30. He is remembered for his “Ideal Cities” – star shaped plans with street radiating from central point, usually proposed for a church, palace or castle.
                            a. Leonardo Da Vinci
                            b. Leon Battista Alberti
                            c. Pierre Charles L’ Enfant
                            d. Sir Christopher Wren

                            31. Whose theory is the explanation of residential land uses in terms of wedge-shaped sectors radial to the city center along established lines of transportation.
                            a. Homer Hoyt
                            b. Kevin Lynch
                            c. Ernest Burgess
                            d. None of these

                            32. Published the book called “Fields, Factories and Workshops; or Industry Combined with Agriculture with manual work”.
                            a. Antonio Sant’elia
                            b. Don Soria y Mata
                            c. Eugene Henard
                            d. Peter Kropotkin

                            33. This services give full meaning to what the professional calls comprehensive Architectural Service. It wraps-up the whole range of architectural services.
                            a. Pre-Design Services
                            b. Design- Build Services
                            c. Post-Construction Services
                            d. Comprehensive Architectural Services

                            34. Condominium & Subdivision, Bridges Protective Law.
                            a. PD 1185
                            b. PD 1185
                            c. PD 957
                            d. RA 545

                            35. The approved form of security furnished by the Contractor as a guarantee of good faith on the part of the contractor to execute the work in accordance with terms of the Contract.
                            a. Guarantee Bond
                            b. Contract
                            c. Performance Bond
                            d. Payment Bond

                            36. An English Architect who prepared plan for London i.e., St. Peter ‘s and St. Paul Cathedral; Proposed a Network of Avenues connecting the main features of London.
                            a. Leonardo Da Vinci
                            b. Leon Battista Alberti
                            c. Pierre Charles L’ Enfant
                            d. Sir Christopher Wren

                            37. The sacred enclosure fond in the highest part of a Greek city is called:
                            a. Peribolas
                            b. Pteroma
                            c. Temenos
                            d. Corps de Logis

                            38. The architect who claimed that: “The ultimate goal of the new architecture was the composite but inseparable work of an art, in which the old diving line between monumental and decorative elements will have disappeared forever.”
                            a. Frank Lloyd Wright
                            b. Le Corbusier
                            c. Walter Gropius
                            d. Mies Van de Rohe

                            39. The architect who said that the exterior of the building is the result of the interior.
                            a. Mies Van de Rohe
                            b. Le Corbusier
                            c. Frank Lloyd Wright
                            d. William Ruskin

                            40. This means, an entities, agencies, organization & the like that have been accredited/registered with the Board of Architecture of the Professional Regulation Commission to deliver seminars, lectures, & other continuing Professional Education Modules for Architects, other than the IAPOA which is automatically accredited by the Board of Architecture?
                            a. United Architects of the Philippines
                            b. CPD Provider
                            c. Integrated Accredited Professional Organization of Architects
                            d. PIA

                            41. BP 220: The parking requirement for multi-family dwelling is
                            a. 1 slot/family dwelling
                            b. 1 slot/2 family dwelling
                            c. 2 slot/family dwelling
                            d. 1 slot/4 family dwelling

                            42. The building that serve as a senate house for the chief dignitaries of the city and as a palace where distinguished visitors and citizens might be entertained.
                            a. Bouleuterion
                            b. Thersihon
                            c. Prytaneion
                            d. Diathyros

                            43. It is a traditional house that was called binangiyan. It was a single room dwelling elevated at 1.50 meters from the ground; the floor were made of hard wood like narra which rested on 3 floor joist which in turn were supported by transverse girders.
                            a. Kankanay
                            b. Badjao
                            c. Bontoc
                            d. Kalinga

                            44. Often enclosed and secluded the street, whose high density and variety of planning conveys a garden image. It sometimes includes flower planters and a water feature and usually supplies a variety of seating possibilities.
                            a. City plaza
                            b. Garden Oasis
                            c. City square
                            d. Street plaza

                            45. It is the third phase of English-Gothic Architecture where elaborated ornamental vaulting, and refinement of stonecutting techniques.
                            a. Perpendicular style
                            b. Rayonnant style
                            c. Decorated style
                            d. None of these

                            46. Enclosure formed by huge stones planted on the ground in circular form.
                            a. Menhir
                            b. Cromlech
                            c. Dolmen
                            d. Tumulus

                            47. PD 957: In Design Standards for Residential Condominium Projects, offsite parking is allowed but must NOT be more how may meters away from the building it serves?
                            a. 31 meters
                            b. 50 meters
                            c. 100 meters
                            d. 110 meters

                            48. The architect of a housing project was give Php 300,000.00 for the first unit he designed. How much will he receive for the tenth housing unit?
                            a. Php 300,000.00
                            b. Php 420,000.00
                            c. Php 480,000.00
                            d. Php 500,000.00

                            49. Under PD 1096 the executive officer of OBO appointed by the secretary to enforce the provision of the code in the field as well as the enforcement or orders and decisions made pursuant thereto.
                            a. Architect
                            b. Urban Planner
                            c. Building official
                            d. City Engineer

                            50. Which of the following situation would trigger the owner to suspend work?
                            a. Bankruptcy-Declared by BIR
                            b. Insubordination
                            c. Non-payment of contactors debt/non superintendence of contractor
                            d. All of the above

                            51. Contract Documents shall be the property of the
                            a. Architect
                            b. Owner
                            c. Contractor
                            d. Both a & b

                            52. PD 1185: Which of the following denotes a fire involving flammable liquids and gasses?
                            a. Class A Fire
                            b. Class B Fire
                            c. Class C Fire
                            d. Class D Fire

                            53. It is instructions that supplement or modify drawings, specs, & general conditions of the contract.
                            a. Special Provisions
                            b. Supplementary Specs
                            c. Written Notice
                            d. Instruction to Bidders

                            54. Boiler Plate is essential to the production of good construction documents as are the drawings or the specifications. All are included forms except
                            a. Invitation to Bid
                            b. Wage Scales
                            c. Bond Form
                            d. Building Permit

                            55. The _________ shall submit ________ copies of shop drawings for the architect’s approval
                            a. Engineer/ 5
                            b. Sub-contractor/4
                            c. Project representative/5
                            d. Contractor/2

                            56. A style in the architecture Italy I the second half of the 16th century and to a lesser extent elsewhere in Europe. It uses classical elements in an unconventional manner.
                            a. Illusionism
                            b. Mannerism
                            c. Palladianism
                            d. Abstract

                            Review Questions Building Technology UAPGA

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 10:56 PM CST

                            1. A wall jointly used by two parties under easement agreement
                            a. Fire block
                            b. Party Wall
                            c. Shear Wall
                            d. Exterior Wall

                            2. Type hinge containing one or more springs, when a door is opened, the hinge returns it to the open position automatically, may act in one direction only, or in both directions.
                            a. Spring hinge
                            b. Butt hinge
                            c. Olive knuckle hinge
                            d. Loose joint hinge

                            3. A group of more-or-less transparent liquids which are used to provide a protective surface coating at the same time they allow the original surface to show but add a lustrous and glossy finish to it
                            a. Enamel
                            b. Shellac
                            c. Varnishes
                            d. Fillers

                            4. A soft mineral consisting of a hydrated calcium sulfate from which gypsum plaster is made (by heating); colorless when pure used as a retarder in Portland cement.
                            a. Plywood
                            b. Gypsum
                            c. Hardboard
                            d. Chipboard

                            5. Basic ingredient in clay
                            a. Metal
                            b. Plastic
                            c. Wood
                            d. Brick

                            6. A class of rock composed silica grains. Colors include gray, buff, light brown and red
                            a. Limestone
                            b. Granite
                            c. Sandstone
                            d. Marble

                            7. A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not exposed to back up waste from drainage pipe
                            a. Dry Vent
                            b. Air Vent
                            c. Relief Vent
                            d. Ventilation

                            8. A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air between the drainage and vent system where the drainage system might otherwise be air bound.
                            a. Dry Vent
                            b. Air Vent
                            c. Relief Vent
                            d. Ventilation

                            9. Written or printed description of work to be done describing the qualities of materials and mode of construction.
                            a. Specification
                            b. Material Specifications
                            c. Bid Bullet
                            d. Punch list

                            10. Additional information contract documents
                            a. Specification
                            b. Material Specifications
                            c. Bid Bulletin
                            d. Punch list

                            11. Given the span of the slab as 5.40 m of 18 ft. The depth of the girder shall be __________.
                            a. 16 inches or .41 m
                            b. 15 inches or .38 m
                            c. 16 inches or .46 m
                            d. 16 inches or .30 m

                            12. Given the depth of the girder mentioned above, what shall be the size of its breadth?
                            a. 10 inches or .25 m
                            b. 8 inches o .20 m
                            c. 9 inches o .23 m
                            d. 6 inches o .15 m

                            13. Space in a building without a basement, an unfinished accessible space below the first floor which is usually less than a full story height.
                            a. Slab on fill
                            b. Substructure
                            c. Superstructure
                            d. Crawl Space

                            14. The ability of a material to fix itself and cling to an entirely different material.
                            a. Adhesiveness
                            b. Elasticity
                            c. Cohesiveness
                            d. Flexibility

                            15. The ability of particles of a material to cling tightly to one another.
                            a. Adhesiveness
                            b. Elasticity
                            c. Cohesiveness
                            d. Flexibility

                            16. Which of the following is not a nonferrous metal?
                            a. Aluminum
                            b. Tin
                            c. Led
                            d. Steel

                            17. A hard, brittle inorganic substance, ordinarily transparent or translucent; produced by melting a mixture of silica, a flux and stabilizer.
                            a. Brick
                            b. Metal
                            c. Glass
                            d. Wood

                            18. Materials used to reduce or stop the penetration of moisture through the concrete. Reduces permeability.
                            a. Damproofers
                            b. Water Reducing Admixtures
                            c. Retarders
                            d. Accelerators

                            19. An admixture which is used to speed up the initial set of concrete. Such a material maybe added to the mix to increase the rate of early-strength development for several reasons
                            a. Damproofers
                            b. Water Reducing Admixtures
                            c. Retarders
                            d. Accelerators

                            20. A traditional building material, it is easily worked, has durability and beauty. It has great ability to absorb shocks from sudden load. In addition, wood has freedom from rust and corrosion, is comparatively light in weight, and is adaptable to countless variety of purpose.
                            a. Metal
                            b. Brick
                            c. Wood
                            d. Plastic

                            21. A mixture consisting of vehicles or binders, with or without coloring pigments, adjusted and diluted with correct amounts and types of additives and thinners, which when applied on a surface, forms as adherent continuous film which provides protection, decoration, sanitation, identification and other functional properties.
                            a. Stickwell
                            b. Thinner
                            c. Sealant
                            d. Paint

                            22. Is a cellular framework of squared steel, concrete, or timber members, assembled in layers at right angles, and filled with earth or stones.
                            a. Bin Wall
                            b. Riprap
                            c. Cribbling
                            d. Gabions

                            23. Bigger than ceiling joist usually placed every 1.20m o.c.
                            a. Nailers
                            b. Bridging
                            c. Ceiling rafters
                            d. Girders

                            24. Used for bearing walls of light buildings, the height usually restricted to four stories. Structural load bearing wall tile are made in 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 in thickness.
                            a. Floor tile
                            b. Fireproofing tile
                            c. Load bearing wall tile
                            d. Back-up tile

                            25. What should be the maximum spacing of stirrups applied if the depth of the girder is 0.40 m?
                            a. 4 inches
                            b. 8 inches
                            c. 10 inches
                            d. 12 inches

                            26. A wall which separates two abutting living units as to resist the spread of fire.
                            a. Fire Block
                            b. Party Wall
                            c. Shear Wall
                            d. Exterior Wall

                            27. Measures the density of granular soils and the consistency of some clay.
                            a. Shearing Strength
                            b. Maximum Dry Density
                            c. SPT – Standard Penetration Test
                            d. Allowable Bearing Capacity

                            28. Materials often added to the concrete or applied to the surface of freshly placed concrete to produce some special result
                            a. Retarders
                            b. Concrete Additives
                            c. Air-entraining agents
                            d. Accelerators

                            29. Which of the following is not a Sheet Glass?
                            a. Picture Glass
                            b. Window Glass
                            c. Heavy Sheet Glass
                            d. Insulating Glass

                            30. A door made up of small horizontal interlocking metal slats which are guided in a track; the configuration coils about an overhead drum which is housed at the head of the opening, either manual or motor-driven.
                            a. Roll-up door
                            b. Panel door
                            c. Flush door
                            d. Overhead Swing-up door

                            31. The minimum length of splice needed for column.
                            a. 60 cm
                            b. 50 cm
                            c. 30 cm
                            d. 40 cm

                            32. Minimum angle of inclination of an escalator
                            a. 35 degree
                            b. 45 degree
                            c. 25 degree
                            d. 85 degree

                            33. Which are timber, steel, or pre-cast planks driven side by side to retain earth and prevent water from seeping into the exaction?
                            a. Sheet piles
                            b. Wales
                            c. Rakers
                            d. Lagging

                            34. The main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch circuits are connected.
                            a. Service Line
                            b. Circuit Breaker
                            c. Distribution Line
                            d. Feeder line

                            35. Are wooden sticks used as posts sharpened at once end driven into the ground to serve as boundaries?
                            a. Stakes
                            b. Batter Boards
                            c. Ledger
                            d. Brace or the Diagonal

                            Review Questions Utilities UAPGA

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 10:54 PM CST

                            1. It is the minimum distance required of water line to the cistern tank.

                            a. 15 m

                            b. 20 m

                            c. 25 m

                            d. 30 m

                            2. A type of faucet that operates with a round tapering plug to fit a metal sheet.

                            a. Ball faucet

                            b. Round Cock

                            c. Key cock

                            d. Circular cock

                            3. The use of extreme pressure so as not affect the existing foundation in the vicinity

                            a. Centrifugal Pump

                            b. Jetted Well

                            c. Piston Pump

                            d. Driven Well

                            4. Any joint obtained by joining of metal parts with alloys and melt at temperature higher than 449 degrees centigrade but lower than the melting temp of the parts to be joined.

                            a. Blazed joint

                            b. Burned lead joint

                            c. Cement Mortar Joint

                            d. Flared Joint

                            5. For an apartment building how many gallons of hot water is needed per person?

                            a. 8

                            b. 9

                            c. 10

                            d. 12

                            6. Among the following description, which of the following does NOT describe the down-feed and gravity return system?

                            a. Overhead feed and system

                            b. With a continuing network of pipes o provide a constant circulation of water.

                            c. Hot water rises on the highest point of the plumbing system and travels to the fixture by gravity.

                            c. Water distribution is dependent on the expansion of the hot water gravity.

                            7. A Valve outlet of a boiler that permits discharge of accumulated sediment.

                            a. Blow-off

                            b. Blow valve

                            c. Boiler blow-off

                            d. Boiler valve

                            8. A pipe or tubing that connects the outlets of plumbing fixture to the trap.

                            a. Trap tube

                            b. Tail piece

                            c. Trap pipe

                            d. Trap pipe

                            9. Which of the following does not generally describe a vitrified clay pipe?

                            a. Brittle

                            b. One of the oldest materials used for sewer line

                            c. High resistant to most acids

                            d. Cheapest

                            10. What is the minimum trap diameter (mm) used for laundry tubs?

                            a. 32 mm

                            b. 38 mm

                            c. 51 mm

                            d. 76 mm

                            11. How many urinals would be needed for an auditorium with capacity of 500 persons?

                            a. 3

                            b. 4

                            c. 5

                            d. 7

                            12. The maximum developed length of the trap arm water closet or similar fixture shall not exceed to how many meters?

                            a. 0.60 m

                            b. 0.90 m

                            c. 1.8 m

                            d. 2.6 m

                            13. A cylindrical trap closed on the bottom and having a cover plate for access, usually installed in the drain line from a bathtub.

                            a. Drain trap

                            b. Sewage trap

                            c. Air trap

                            d. Drum trap

                            14. What is the required number of water supply fixture unit for flush tank water closets (private/public use)?

                            a. ½

                            b. ¾

                            c. 3/5

                            d. 4/5

                            15. What is the pipe color for ammonia?

                            a. Orange

                            b. Red

                            c. Yellow

                            d. Green

                            16. What is the method of treatment when there are presence of calcium and magnesium in the water?

                            a. Addition of water softeners

                            b. Filtration

                            c. Chlorination

                            d. Coagulation

                            17. Tube made of plastic material and color black. The cross sectional shape is normally oval and is denoted by its outside diameter

                            a. Polybutylene

                            b. Polyethylene

                            c. Plastic Extra Pipe

                            d. Polyvinyl extra Pipe

                            18. A water supply system in which water is distributed from a water main or an enclosed storage tank storage tank under pressure from compressed air.

                            a. Pneumatic water supply

                            b. Mechanical water supply

                            c. Water pressure supply

                            d. Pump circuit system

                            19. What is the minimum trap diameter (mm) for drinking fountains?

                            a. 21

                            b. 38

                            c. 31

                            d. 48

                            20. A type of flush action of water closet where flushing action is started by a whirlpool motion followed by a complete flush down.

                            a. Wash down

                            b. Siphon vortex

                            c. Siphon jet

                            d. Direct Flush Valve

                            21. What is the ratio of water closet for dormitories (male)?

                            a. 1:3

                            b. 1:8

                            c. 1:5

                            d. 1:10

                            22. What is the minimum size of the trap for a bidet?

                            a. 2”

                            b. 2 ½”

                            c. 3”

                            d. None of the above

                            23. The minimum allowable clearance from the highest point of the roof to the service drop conductor as per National Building Code:

                            a. 2.00 m

                            b. 3.00 m

                            c. 2.50 m

                            d. 3.50 m

                            24. The specification on the electric wire XHHW refers to:

                            a. Moisture and Heat Resistant Thermoplastic

                            b. Moisture and Heat Resistant Cross Linked Thermosetting Polyethylene

                            c. Moisture and Heat Resistant Rubber

                            d. None of the above

                            25. A new air-conditioning system which answers the need to respond to changes in room cooling capacities of controlling air flow

                            a. VAV

                            b. Split type

                            c. VRV

                            d. VTV

                            26. Type of duct fitting having several outlets for making multiple connections.

                            a. Ductwork

                            b. Gatchering

                            c. Manifold

                            d. Bonet

                            27. A dry-pipe sprinkler system through which after flow is controlled by a valve operated by fire detection devices more sensitive than those in the sprinkler heads.

                            a. Sprinkler System

                            b. Preaction System

                            c. Deludge System

                            d. Dry-pipe System

                            28. A fire involving flammable liquid, as gasoline oil, and grease, which must be extinguished by excluding air and inhibiting the release of incombustible vapors

                            a. Class A Fire

                            b. Class B Fire

                            c. Class C Fire

                            d. Class D Fire

                            29. A rubber or plastic washer inserted in a hole in a metal part to prevent grounding of wire passing through the hole. (EL 005).

                            a. Insulator

                            b. Shield

                            c. Bushing

                            d. Grommet

                            Ang Pinakamagandang Bahay sa Balat ng Lupa

                            Posted: 14 Nov 2008 09:15 AM CST

                            Everyone thinks of their house as "home", the most beautiful place to be.

                            Most of housing designs have been modeled after European and American exemplars which are incongruous with our tropical climate. The resultant living conditions in these houses would then necessitate high energy and operating costs. The organizers feel it is time to challenge the aspirations of people through a redefinition of the concept of beauty in houses.

                            The competition aims to redefine the ideal of "beauty" or what is beautiful about a house to include sustainable concepts that will speak about how a house is lived in and how a house attuned to the tropical climate can be a beautiful place to live in.

                            Design Problem
                            The competition will be for the complete architectural design of a low-medium income housing unit to be constructed on a 200-square meter lot in the UP-Diliman Campus. Each competition category will be assigned its own lot. The parameters of the design problem are:

                            1. The house would serve the needs of a family of a maximum of five (5) persons.
                            2. The house design may be a starter house that can be adapted to meet the needs of a typical family as it grows and contracts as the children grow and then eventually leave home.
                            3. The cost of the house should be within the range of P750,000.00 – the maximum affordable economic housing loan of PAG-IBIG.
                            4. The house design should be in compliance with all building laws and regulations.

                            The design should be a statement of the designer's definition of "magandang bahay", demonstrating the following:

                            1. Incorporation of locally available sustainable /green systems and/or materials. Alternative building materials or construction systems should be both forward and backward integrating, i.e., they should have the potential for application to both low-cost and upscale construction scenarios.
                            2. Appropriateness of the house for tropical living
                            3. Feasibility of the design to meet cost requirements
                            4. Adaptability of the house design to meet the varied life patterns of potential users
                            5. The integrity of the design in incorporating all the requirements into a delightful whole

                            Prizes There are two categories and following prizes will be awarded per category:

                            Professional Category

                            1. First Place: PhP 100,000, plus plaque of award; Award of design contract for the implementation of the design.
                            2. Second Place: PhP 75,000, plus plaque of award
                            3. Third Place: PhP 50,000, plus plaque of award

                            Student Category

                            1. First Place: PhP 75,000, plus plaque of award;
                            2. Second Place: PhP 50,000, plus plaque of award
                            3. Third Place: PhP 25,000, plus plaque of award

                            4. The First Place winner for the Professional Category will be awarded the design contract to implement the winning design. The design will be built by LCSPI.
                            5. A professional will be commissioned by Lafarge Cement Services (Philippines), Inc. to execute the First Place winner for the Student Category.

                            FOR MORE DETAILS, VISIT:
                            http://www.geocities.com/pmbbl_2008
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                            CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Module 2 Site Selection and Resource Analysis Posted: 15 Nov 2008 05:11 AM CST
                            Message 13 of 24 , Nov 15, 2008
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                              Module 2 Site Selection and Resource Analysis

                              Posted: 15 Nov 2008 05:11 AM CST

                              “For every site, there is an ideal use. For every use, there is an ideal site”


                              Site Selection Criteria

                              GROSS SITE SELECTION - most preferable site in a larger milieu.

                              DISCRETE SITE SELECTION - sites within the locale identified in the gross site selection process

                              FUNCTIONAL SITE SELECTION - done in a big site where project is just part of the whole. Provide a “best use analysis” to determine best spot.

                              MAJOR SITE SELECTION CRITERIA:

                              Formulation should be based on the specific site needs of the project.

                              Establishes site values highly compatible with the requirements of the project

                              Considered as the most potent ones in creating the tone for site selection


                              MINOR SITE SELECTION CRITERIA:

                              Factors that are usually considered and is generally applicable to most type of projects, like utility systems, accessibility, and the like.


                              Devise rating scale:

                               Numerical rating:
                              3 – highly desirable
                              2 – desirable
                              1 - undesirable

                              Baseline Information

                              The process of site planning begins with the gathering of basic data relating specifically to the site under consideration and the surrounding areas.

                              This include such items as:
                              a. assessment of the natural environment and the associated physical characteristics of site
                              b. detailed analysis of the users
                              c. assessment of potential of site
                              d. assessment of possibilities
                              e. assessing the impact on the natural and visual environments

                              Systematic Summary of Findings
                              Information must be organized to permit an easy evaluation of the possible development options.

                              Sieve-mapping – an overlay method of mapping natural determinants used to determine the suitability of a particular site for prospective land uses.

                              Sieve mapping can be done manually using acetates or vellum, or thru the use of computer softwares like CADD and GIS.

                              SIEVE MAPPING
                              a. each natural factor like geology and soils is illustrated in maps on vellum or acetate.
                              b. Opportunity maps are produced from a composite of maps.
                              c. Constraint maps – constraints to development must be mapped for each component to show their influence on development.
                              d. Synthesis of opportunities and constraints is formed to produce a suitability map for a prospective use.

                              Summary of Site Analysis:

                              One of the most important parts of any comprehensive site evaluation, a summary site analysis illustrates the interrelationship of a site’s spatial, natural, and cultural conditions

                              The analysis should delineate the portion of the parcel most suited to development as well as any ecologically sensitive areas.
                              Areas in need of more detailed evaluation also should be identified.

                              Analysis should be straightforward and present information in its most basic and meaningful form.

                              Site features or conditions that most directly affect the development of the land should be graphically highlighted and illustrated.

                              Maps should include obvious factors such as rock outcroppings or wetlands as well as more subtle considerations such as the direction of a prevailing breeze or an unusual specimen tree.

                              Market Evaluation

                              Should be prepared concurrently with the site evaluation to determine a project’s likely market demand and the site’s realistic development and absorption potential.

                              Market operates according to traditions and principles that cannot be ignored.

                              Investigation should extend to the following:
                              a. Economic Factors
                              - economic conditions, trends, employment of prospective market

                              b. Demographic and psychographic factors
                              - income levels, age components, lifestyle
                              - who are the potential market?
                              - how does the local market differ from the overall metropolitan market?

                              c. Competitive factors
                              - How many competitors?
                              - What are their strengths and weaknesses?
                              - How well is it designed and marketed?
                              - What is needed to create a unique selling position?

                              d. Site Evaluation
                              - unlike site analysis, site evaluation examines area character, consumer traffic patterns, area services, and access routes from the consumer’s point of view.
                              - what is the overall perception of site location?
                              - is there a ready market to be tapped?
                              - what will consumers see on their way to the site that may influence their perceptions?

                              e. Demand determination
                              - who are the prospective users?
                              - what are their needs, wants, and desires?
                              - how will demand be satisfied?

                              f. Site programming
                              - based on market demand and development goals, specific land planning design recommendations should take into consideration theme, circulation patterns, relationship to adjacent sites, waterscaping or sitescaping, etc.

                              Alternative Plans and Concepts

                              Land and site evaluations are merged with the preliminary market information to test the program and to evaluate alternative layout concepts

                              Alternative solutions should be presented in diagrammatic for, enough at first to record only the essentials of a scheme.

                              Strategies for developing alternative site plans:
                              a. do not be satisfied with the first solution.
                              b. do not assume that there is only one way to make a proposed project work.
                              c. ask questions that elicit multiple answers.
                              d. recognize that a lot of ideas create better solutions.
                              e. ask “what if” questions
                              f. challenge the rules.

                              Selecting the Preferred Development Concept

                              Which solution….
                              a. …best satisfies the development’s program requirements and best fits the site?
                              b. …best satisfies the quality-of-place objectives established for the proposed project?
                              c. …can be implemented? The preferred solution is not necessarily the easiest one to implement.
                              d. …provides reasonable cost benefits?

                              Preferred development concept is likely to reflect a combination of several ideas uncovered through the comparison of alternative plans.

                              The opportunities and constraints related to the development criteria, development standards, local regulations should also be considered in the selection.

                              Final Development Plan

                              The planning and design process requires constant refinement and adjustment.

                              Feedback and continued testing should be an integral part of every phase as the plans move closer to completion.

                              Prepare schematic plans, preliminary development plans, phasing plans, final development plans
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                            • CAFA notes
                              CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Answers to Review Questions Planning Part 1 Posted: 16 Nov 2008 03:19 AM CST
                              Message 14 of 24 , Nov 16, 2008
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                                Answers to Review Questions Planning Part 1

                                Posted: 16 Nov 2008 03:19 AM CST

                                1. c. Greenbelt

                                2. a. Platting

                                3. b. Azimuths

                                4. d. Final Plat

                                5. b. Urban Sprawl

                                6. a. Advocacy Planning

                                7. c. Sustainable Land Use Planning

                                8. b. Local Government Code

                                9. b. Sustainable Development

                                10. b. Hippodamus of Miletus

                                11. a. City

                                12. c. Agricultural Surplus

                                13. b. Insula

                                14. d. Truebounded City

                                15. b. Traffic

                                16. a. City Planning

                                17. d. Daniel Burnham

                                18. c. Subdivision Regulations

                                19. b. Urban Design

                                20. a. Capital Facilities Planning

                                21. c. Physical Settlement

                                22. c. Concentric Zone Concept

                                23. b. Buildable Area

                                24. b. Dwelling Unit

                                25. b. Gabion Wall

                                26. d. Cliff

                                27. d. Meadow

                                28. a. Ridge

                                29. b. Ravine

                                30. b. Restriction

                                31. c. Parcel

                                32. a. Common Wall

                                33. d. Brasilia

                                34. b. Density

                                35. c. National Shelter Program

                                36. c. "Option to Buy"

                                37.a. Earnest Money

                                38. c. Amortization

                                39. b. Deed

                                40. b. Developers

                                41. a. Appraisers

                                42. c. Real Estate Brokers

                                43. a. Total System

                                44. c. Housing Codes

                                45. a. Zoning

                                46. d. Subsystems

                                47. d. Urban Renewal

                                48. a. Urban Area

                                49. b. Code of Multiplicities and Tradition

                                50. d. Standard

                                51. a. Productive Use

                                52. b. Health and General Use

                                53. b. 6.00 mts.

                                54. d. Bedrooms

                                55. b. Gazebo

                                56. b. Site Planning

                                57. c. Ecology

                                58. a. Accurate Aerial Mosaic

                                59. d. Comprehensive Plan

                                60. b. Transportation System

                                61. c. Urban Blight

                                62. c. Star

                                63. b. Landmark

                                64. b. Lane

                                65. a. Land Use Plan

                                66. c. Land Survey

                                67. b. Land Use Analysis

                                68. c. Land Use Survey

                                69. b. Latitude

                                70. d. Lawn

                                71. b. Lease

                                72. a. Leasehold

                                Review Questions Planning Part 1

                                Posted: 16 Nov 2008 03:24 AM CST

                                1. A wide area of parks of undeveloped land surrounding a community.

                                a. Park

                                b. Open Space

                                c. Greenbelt

                                d. Plaza


                                2. The process in which a piece of land, referred to as the parent tract, is subdivided into two or more parcels.

                                a. Platting

                                b. Subdivision

                                c. Parcelating

                                d. Land development


                                3. Angles measured clockwise from any meridian, usually north; however, the National Geodetic Survey uses south.

                                a. Altitude

                                b. Azimuths

                                c. Latitude

                                d. Meridian angle


                                4. Usually the last stage of the final site development process prior to issuance of building permit.

                                a. Site Development Plan

                                b. Landscaping

                                c. Final Design Brief

                                d. Final Plat


                                5. A 20th century problem emanating from rapid urbanization of areas surrounding a city which eats up the remaining adjacent rural open spaces.

                                a. Urban Development

                                b. Urban Sprawl

                                c. urban gentrification

                                d. Urban Blight


                                6. A type of planning which emphasizes that the proper role of the planner is not to serve the general public interest but rather to serve the interests of the least fortunate or least well represented groups in society.

                                a. Advocacy Planning

                                b. Social Planning

                                c. Strategic Planning

                                d. Sectoral Planning


                                7. In the Philippines , this type of land use planning emphasizes the proper management of land resources to ensure that the present generation can benefit from its continued use without compromising future generations.

                                a. Coastal Resource Planning

                                b. Land Use Planning

                                c. Sustainable Land Use Planning

                                d. Strategic Planning


                                8. This code mandates that all Local Government Units shall prepare their comprehensive land use plans and enact them through zoning ordinances.

                                a. HLURB Code

                                b. Local Government Code

                                c. Civil Code

                                d. Land Use Code


                                9. Phrase used to characterize development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs of the future generations.

                                a. Planned Development

                                b. Sustainable Development

                                c. Development-Oriented

                                d. Sectoral Development


                                10. First Planner and developed the Gridiron.

                                a. Marcus Vitruvius Pollo

                                b. Hippodamus of Miletus

                                c. Mesopotamians

                                d. Daniel Burnham


                                11. A locale with a sizeable agglomeration of people having characteristics of an urban being.

                                a. City

                                b. Composite City

                                c. Chartered City

                                d. Independent City


                                12. The main reason why the nomadic existence of early man metamorphosed to village settlement and later to the birth of cities.

                                a. Development of Motor

                                b. Population Explosion

                                c. Agricultural Surplus

                                d. Housing Provision


                                13. The rough equivalent of the present tenement cities that existed in ancient Rome ,

                                which resulted from the population growth of the city and the congestion that existed in streets.

                                a. Tenema

                                b. Insula

                                c. Agoras

                                d. Domus


                                14. In urban geography, a concept where urban settlement is confined to the area within the legal limits of the city and the congestion and virtually all of this area is occupied by urban residents.

                                a. City Core

                                b. Urban Center

                                c. City Limits

                                d. Truebounded City


                                15. A Land Development Decision is also what kind of decision.

                                a. Land Use

                                b. Traffic

                                c. Population

                                d. Density


                                16. The orderly arrangement of urban streets and public spaces.

                                a. City Planning

                                b. Open Space Planning

                                c. Street Planning

                                d. Spatial Planning


                                17. He conceptualized the 'City Beautiful Movement'.

                                a. Le Corbusier

                                b. Ebenezer Howard

                                c. Frank Lloyd Wright

                                d. Daniel Burnham


                                18. A tool used to control the manner in which raw land is subdivided and placed on the market for residential development.

                                a. Zoning Regulations

                                b. Deed Restrictions

                                c. Subdivision Regulations

                                d. Housing Regulations


                                19. A profession which falls between planning and architecture. It deals with the large-scale organization and design of the city, with the massing and organization and the space between them, but not with the design of the individual buildings.

                                a. City Planning

                                b. Urban Design

                                c. Urban Theorists

                                d. City Administration


                                20. Planning for roads, bridges, schools, parking structures, pubic buildings, water supply, land waste disposal facilities.

                                a. Capital Facilities Planning

                                b. Utilities Planning

                                c. Physical Planning

                                d. Transport Planning


                                21. The container of man, which consists of both the natural and man-made or artificial element.

                                a. Networks

                                b. Links

                                c. Physical Settlement

                                d. Structures


                                22. A spatial organization concept a general view of the pattern of land use in a city developed by Ernest W. Burgess. The city is conceived as a series of five concentric zones with the cores as the central business district and fanning out from which are the residential and commuter zones.

                                a. Multiple Nuclei Concept

                                b. Sector Concept

                                c. Concentric Zone Concept

                                d. Locational Theory


                                23. The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.

                                a. Setback

                                b. Buildable Area

                                c. Yard

                                d. Building Mass


                                24. A habitable room for 1 family only with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating.

                                a. Single Detached Unit

                                b. Dwelling Unit

                                c. Living Unit

                                d. Home Unit


                                25. This is a type of a retaining wall made of rectangular baskets made of galvanized steel wire or PVC-coated wire hexagonal mesh which are filled with stones to form a wall.

                                a. Riprap

                                b. Gabion Wall

                                c. Rock Wall

                                d. Mesh Wall


                                26. A very steep slope of rock or clay.

                                a. Ridge

                                b. Ravine

                                c. Edge

                                d. Cliff


                                27. A piece of grassy land, especially one used for growing hay or as pasture for grazing animals; low grassy land near a river or stream.

                                a. Farmland

                                b. Terrain

                                c. A&D Land

                                d. Meadow


                                28. A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains.

                                a. Ridge

                                b. Ravine

                                c. Edge

                                d. Cliff


                                29. A long, deep, narrow valley eroded by running water.

                                a. Ridge

                                b. Ravine

                                c. Edge

                                d. Cliff


                                30. On land, an encumbrance limiting its use; usually imposed for community or mutual protection.

                                a. Parcel

                                b. Restriction

                                c. Zoning

                                d. Density


                                31. Of land, a contiguous land area which is considered as a unit, which is subject to a single ownership, and which is legally recorded as a single piece.

                                a. Platting

                                b. Land Partition

                                c. Parcel

                                d. TCT


                                32. A wall that serves 2 dwelling units, known also as party wall.

                                a. Common Wall

                                b. Fire Wall

                                c. Fire Block

                                d. Abuttment


                                33. Niemeyer believed that relating large areas to each other is freedom as in the planned city of___.

                                a. Chandigarh

                                b. Stalingrad

                                c. Chicago

                                d. Brasilia


                                34. In architectural terms, it is the relationship of the number of residential structures and people to a given amount of space.

                                a. Zoning

                                b. Density

                                c. Floor Area Ratio

                                d. Floor to Lot Area Ratio


                                35. The government arm responsible for the development and implementation of low cost housing in the Philippines .

                                a. National Housing Authority

                                b. HLURB

                                c. National Shelter Program

                                d. Housing Agencies


                                36. A written agreement between parties, but it allows a specific period during which the buyer can investigate the property and make a decision.

                                a. “Initial Contract”

                                b. “Draft Contract”

                                c. "Option to Buy"

                                d. “Subscription Agreement”


                                37.Sometimes called "subscription money", this is a deposit given to the seller to show that the potential buyer has serious intentions.

                                a. Earnest Money

                                b. Draft Money

                                c. Initial Installment

                                c. Equity


                                38. A provision made in advance for the gradual liquidation of a future obligation by periodic charges against the capital account.

                                a. Interest

                                b. Surcharges

                                c. Amortization

                                d. Equity


                                39. Written document to transfer the property to one person to another.

                                a. Transfer Certificate Title

                                b. Deed

                                c. Clearance

                                d. Equity


                                40. They develop or improve the land as well as construct houses.

                                a. Appraisers

                                b. Developers

                                c. Real Estate Brokers

                                d. Financing Agencies


                                41. Determines the value of the house and also is familiar with trends in the local market and in the industry.

                                a. Appraisers

                                b. Developers

                                c. Real Estate Brokers

                                d. Financing Agencies


                                42. Helps people find a place to live, specializing and matching wants of buyers with the local supply.

                                a. Appraisers

                                b. Developers

                                c. Real Estate Brokers

                                d. Financing Agencies


                                43. Are usually large concrete slabs or otherwise panelized units fabricated in a shop and assembled at the site.

                                a. Total System

                                b. Building Component

                                c. Prefab Unit

                                d. Subsystems


                                44. Codes that deal with the use, occupancy, and maintenance of existing buildings.

                                a. Land Use Plans

                                b. Zoning Regulations

                                c. Housing Codes

                                d. Development Codes


                                45. Designed to regulate land use, to ban industry and commerce from residential areas and to separate different types of living units.

                                a. Zoning

                                b. Planning

                                c. Restriction

                                d. Easements


                                46. System building is the complete integration of all ___.

                                a. Total System

                                b. Building Component

                                c. Prefab Unit

                                d. Subsystems


                                47. The improvement of slum, deteriorated, and underutilized areas of a city.

                                a. Urban Gentrification

                                b. Urban Sprawl

                                c. Urban Morphology

                                d. Urban Renewal


                                48. An area which is within the city limits, or closely linked to it by common use of public utilities and services.

                                a. Urban Area

                                b. Suburbs

                                c. Transition Zone

                                d. Working Zone


                                49. Two major hindrances to the prefabrication industry.

                                a. Code of Vernacularity and Grandeur

                                b. Code of Multiplicities and Tradition

                                c. Code of Housing and Commerce

                                d. Code of Production and Development


                                50. Not included in the three general types of structures.

                                a. Primitive

                                b. Vernacular

                                c. Grand

                                d. Standard


                                51. A piece of land with an economic use for farming.

                                a. Productive Use

                                b. Economic Land

                                c. Farmland

                                d. Alienable and Disposable Land


                                52. Lands for well-being like parks, plazas, and of similar nature.

                                a. Open Space

                                b. Health and General Use

                                c. Parklands

                                d. Development Lands


                                53. Minimum road width in a neighborhood development to ease traffic flow.

                                a. 5.00 mts.

                                b. 6.00 mts.

                                c. 7.00 mts.

                                d. 8.00 mts.


                                54. Which building component receives priority over the location to have the morning sun.

                                a. Living Room

                                b. Dining Room

                                c. Kitchen

                                d. Bedrooms


                                55. A lattice structure that serves as a summer house.

                                a. Cottage

                                b. Gazebo

                                c. Treehouse

                                d. Greenhouse


                                56. The art of arranging buildings and other structures in harmony with the landscape.

                                a. Landscape Architecture

                                b. Site Planning

                                c. Urban Design

                                d. Landscape Design


                                57. The study of the dynamic relationship between a community of organisms and its habitat.

                                a. Environmental Organization

                                b. Morphology

                                c. Ecology

                                d. Biology


                                58. Preparations of an accurate base map for urban planning starts with ___.

                                a. Accurate Aerial Mosaic

                                b. Grid Plotting

                                c. Specific Land Survey

                                d. Individual Lot Description


                                59. Appraisal of adequacy of a city's water and sewer systems needs of future land uses are embodied in the ___.

                                a. Investment Plan

                                b. Action Plan

                                c. National Plan

                                d. Comprehensive Plan


                                60. Also called the blood-stream of a city.

                                a. Road Layout

                                b. Transportation System

                                c. Utilities System

                                d. Communications System


                                61. A form of absence of all the principles and organized development of a community.

                                a. Urban Sprawl

                                b. Urban Gentrification

                                c. Urban Blight

                                d. Euclidian Zoning


                                62. The city of Washington conforms to the plan type of ___.

                                a. Grid

                                b. Satellite

                                c. Star

                                d. Galaxy


                                63. A monument, fixed object, or marker used to designate the location of a land boundary on the ground.

                                a. Node

                                b. Landmark

                                c. Focal Point

                                d. Edge


                                64. A narrow passageway bordered by trees, fences, or other lateral barrier.

                                a. Pathway

                                b. Lane

                                c. Sidewalk

                                d. Corridor


                                65. The projection of a future pattern of use within an area, as determined by development goals.

                                a. Land Use Plan

                                b. Zoning Map

                                c. Development Plan

                                d. Comprehensive Plan


                                66. A survey of landed property establishing or reestablishing lengths and directions of boundary line.

                                a. Property Line

                                b. Land Use Analysis

                                c. Land Survey

                                d. Best Use Analysis


                                67. The study of an existing pattern of use, within an area, to determine the nature and magnitude of deficiencies which might exist and to assess the potential of the pattern relative to development goals.

                                a. Property Survey

                                b. Land Use Analysis

                                c. Land Survey

                                d. Best Use Analysis


                                68. A study and recording of the way in which land is being used in an area.

                                a. Property Survey

                                b. Land Use Analysis

                                c. Land Use Survey

                                d. Best Use Analysis


                                69. In surveying, the North-South component of a traverse course.

                                a. Longitude

                                b. Latitude

                                c. Altitude

                                d. Azimuth


                                70. An open space of ground of some size, covered with grass and kept smoothly mown.

                                a. Meadow

                                b. Garden

                                c. Yard

                                d. Lawn


                                71. A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed period of time, usually for periodical compensation called 'rent'.

                                a. Leasehold

                                b. Lease

                                c. Amortization

                                d. Equity


                                72. A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease.

                                a. Leasehold

                                b. Lease

                                c. Amortization

                                d. Equity

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                                CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Bahay Pinoy Update Posted: 23 Nov 2008 07:01 AM CST
                                Message 15 of 24 , Nov 23, 2008
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                                  Bahay Pinoy Update

                                  Posted: 23 Nov 2008 07:01 AM CST

                                  You can now view more information about the "Bahay Pinoy" Bamboo House Design Competition at http://bahaypinoy2008.blogspot.com
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                                  CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Review Questions Utilities Part 6 Posted: 27 Nov 2008 02:14 AM CST
                                  Message 16 of 24 , Nov 27, 2008
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                                    Review Questions Utilities Part 6

                                    Posted: 27 Nov 2008 02:14 AM CST

                                    1. The amount of heat which is absorbed or evolved in changing the state of a substance

                                    without changing its temperature.

                                    a. Solar Heat

                                    b. Latent Heat

                                    c. Anthropomorphic Heat

                                    d. Comfort Zone

                                    2. Minimum width of a septic tank.

                                    a. 60 cms.

                                    b. 80 cms.

                                    d. 90 cms.

                                    d. 100 cms.

                                    3. Minimum length of a septic tank.

                                    a. 1.10 mts.

                                    b. 1.20 mts.

                                    c. 1.40 mts.

                                    d. 1.50 mts.

                                    4. Minimum liquid depth for a septic tank.

                                    a. 50 cms.

                                    b. 60 cms.

                                    c. 70 cms.

                                    d. 75 cms.

                                    5. Maximum liquid depth for septic tank.

                                    a. 1.50 mts.

                                    b. 1.75 mts.

                                    c. 1.80 mts.

                                    d. 2.00 mts.

                                    6. Minimum capacity, in cubic meters, of the secondary compartment of a septic tank.

                                    a. 1.00 cum.

                                    b. 1.25 cum

                                    c. 1.50 cum

                                    d. 2.00 cum

                                    7. Minimum dimension of a manhole access to a septic tank.

                                    a. 458 mm.

                                    b. 508 mm.

                                    c. 615 mm.

                                    d. 622 mm.

                                    8. Minimum length of the secondary compartment of a septic tank with a capacity of more than 6 cubic meters.

                                    a. 1.50 mts.

                                    b. 1.75 mts.

                                    c. 1.80 mts.

                                    d. 2.10 mts.

                                    9. Minimum distance of a water supply well from a septic tank.

                                    a. 12.50 mts.

                                    b. 15.20 mts.

                                    c. 20.15 mts.

                                    d. 25.10 mts.

                                    10. Minimum distance of a water supply well from a seepage pit or cesspool.

                                    a. 45.70 mts.

                                    b. 54.07 mts.

                                    c. 54.70 mts.

                                    d. 74.50 mts.

                                    11. Minimum distance of a water supply well from a disposal field.

                                    a. 20.30 mts.

                                    b. 30.40 mts.

                                    c. 30.50 mts.

                                    d. 35.00 mts.

                                    12. Minimum Gauge of galvanized sheet used for downspouts.

                                    a. 20

                                    b. 22

                                    c. 24

                                    d. 26

                                    13. Minimum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.

                                    a. 19 mm.

                                    b. 25 mm.

                                    c. 32 mm.

                                    d. 51 mm.

                                    14. Maximum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.

                                    a. 51 mm.

                                    b. 76 mm.

                                    c. 102 mm.

                                    d. 122 mm.

                                    15. Maximum length of the tailpiece from any fixture.

                                    a. 40 cms.

                                    b. 50 cms.

                                    c. 60 cms.

                                    d. 70 cms.

                                    16. Minimum extension of the VSTR above the roof.

                                    a. 10 cms.

                                    b. 15 cms.

                                    c. 20 cms.

                                    d. 25 cms.

                                    17. Minimum extension of the VSTR above an openable window, door opening, air intake, or vent shaft.

                                    a. 0.30 mtr.

                                    b. 0.60 mtr.

                                    c. 0.90 mtr.

                                    d. 1.20 mtr.

                                    18. Minimum trap diameter for a bathtub

                                    a. 19 mm.

                                    b. 25 mm.

                                    c. 38 mm.

                                    d. 51 mm.

                                    19. Minimum trap diameter for a shower stall.

                                    a. 38 mm

                                    b. 51 mm

                                    c. 76 mm

                                    d.102 mm

                                    20. Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35.

                                    a. 3

                                    b. 4

                                    c. 5

                                    d. 6

                                    21. Required number of water closets for males for an auditorium serving 16-35.

                                    a. 2

                                    b. 3

                                    c. 4

                                    d. 5

                                    22. Required number of urinals for an auditorium serving 10-50.

                                    a. 1

                                    b. 2

                                    c. 3

                                    d. 4

                                    23. Required number of water closets for females for a theater serving 51-100.

                                    a. 2

                                    b. 3

                                    c. 4

                                    d. 6

                                    24. Two types of passenger elevator.

                                    a. Electric and Pneumatic

                                    b. Electric and Hydraulic

                                    c. Hydraulic and Pneumatic

                                    d. Electric and Pressurized

                                    25. Minimum elevator width of single slide door elevator for small commercial or residential building.

                                    a. 0.60 mtr.

                                    b. 0.70 mtr.

                                    c. 0.75 mtr.

                                    d. 0.90 mtr.

                                    26. A device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3-pole connection that will automatically transfer the power from the standby generator to the building circuitry during electrical power failure.

                                    a. Automatic Fuse

                                    b. Lever Switch

                                    c. Automatic Transfer Switch

                                    d. Switchgear Assembly

                                    27. The minimum face to face distance between elevators in three and four car grouping.

                                    a. 1.5 mts.

                                    b. 2.0 mts.

                                    c. 2.4 mts.

                                    d. 2.7 mts.

                                    28. Maximum height of a dumbwaiter.

                                    a. 1.20 mts.

                                    b. 1.50 mts.

                                    c. 1.60 mts.

                                    d. 1.80 mts.

                                    29. A type of lighting that provides illumination to special objects like sculptures, flower arrangements, etc.

                                    a. Direct Lighting

                                    b. Specific Lighting

                                    c. Accent Lighting

                                    d. Picture Lighting

                                    30. Standard length of an electrical metal conduit.

                                    a. 6’

                                    b. 8’

                                    c. 10'

                                    d. 12’

                                    31. PABX or PBX means.

                                    a. Public Address Box Exchange

                                    b. Pvt. Automatic Branch Exchange

                                    c. Private Address Branch Exchange

                                    d. Public Automatic Box Exchange

                                    32. Farad is the unit capacity of a ___.

                                    a. Capacitor

                                    b. Generator

                                    c. Heater

                                    d. Rectifier

                                    33. Another name for distribution panel.

                                    a. Panel Box

                                    b. Power Panel

                                    c. Power Box

                                    d. Distribution Box

                                    34. Type of plastic pipe other than polyvinyl chloride and polybutylene.

                                    a. Polyethylene

                                    b. Polystyrene

                                    c. Polychrome

                                    d. Polyethane

                                    35. Standard size of wire for a circuit line.

                                    a. No. 10

                                    b. No. 12

                                    c. No. 14

                                    d. No. 16

                                    36. Standard size of wire for a switch line.

                                    a. No. 12

                                    b. No. 14

                                    c. No. 16

                                    d. No. 18

                                    37. A device for converting alternating current to direct current.

                                    a. Capacitor

                                    b. Rectifier

                                    c. Generator

                                    d. Motor

                                    38. Another name for a Rectifier.

                                    a. D.C. Generator

                                    b. A.C. Generator

                                    c. D.C. Converter

                                    d. D.C. Alternator

                                    39. A controller sensitive to the degree of moisture in the air.

                                    a. Humidifier

                                    b. Humidistat

                                    c. Condenser

                                    d. Spyrometer

                                    40. Another name for Humidistat.

                                    a. Hygrostat

                                    b. Hygrometer

                                    c. Hydrostat

                                    d. Hydrometer

                                    41. A stop valve placed in the service pipe close to the connection at the water main.

                                    a. Check Valve

                                    b. Gate Valve

                                    c. Corporation Stop

                                    d. Angle Valve

                                    42. A vent with a function to provide circulation if air between drainage and vent system.

                                    a. Relief Vent

                                    b. Air Vent

                                    c. Vent Stack

                                    d. Drainage Stack

                                    43. Flange used on a pipe to cover a hole or opening in a floor or wall which the pipe pass.

                                    a. Wide Flange

                                    b. Escutcheon

                                    c. Wall Plate

                                    d. Floor Plate

                                    44. Length along the centerline of the pipe and fitting.

                                    a. Pipe Length

                                    b. Nominal Length

                                    c. Effective Length

                                    d. Developed Length

                                    45. A valve used in a flush tank controlling the flushing of fixture.

                                    a. Angle Valve

                                    b. Relief Valve

                                    c. Flush Valve

                                    d. Tank Valve

                                    46. Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution.

                                    a. Gray Water

                                    b. Sewage

                                    c. Soil Waste

                                    d. Wastewater

                                    47. Component of fire extinguisher.

                                    a. Nitrogen Dioxide

                                    b. Carbon Monoxide

                                    c. Carbon Nitrate

                                    d. Sulfur Monoxide

                                    48. Interrelationship between value of voltage and current with the same frequency.

                                    a. Ohm

                                    b. Wattage

                                    c. Ampere

                                    d. Phase

                                    49. Descriptive of any material such as synthetic resin which hardens when heated or cured, and does not soften when reheated.

                                    a. Rigidity

                                    b. Thermoplasticity

                                    c. Thermosetting

                                    d. Plasticity

                                    50. An Instrument which responds to changes in temperature, and directly or indirectly controls temperature.

                                    a. Dry-bulb temperature

                                    b. Thermosensor

                                    c. Thermostat

                                    d. Moisture Sensor

                                    51. Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in drywall construction.

                                    a. Aluminum Foils

                                    b. Rigid Board Insulation

                                    c. Fiberglass Insulation

                                    d. G.I. sheets

                                    52. Conveys storm water and terminates into a natural drainage such as lakes or rivers.

                                    a. Drainage Line

                                    b. Culvert

                                    c. Storm Run-off

                                    d. Strom Sewer

                                    53. A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, a generator of alternating current.

                                    a. Generator

                                    b. Alternator

                                    c. Rectifier

                                    d. Converter

                                    54. Freon in air-con must be compressed and liquefied in order to absorb ___.

                                    a. Water

                                    b. Pressure

                                    c. Gas

                                    d. Heat

                                    55. Standard size of a wet standpipe outlet for each floor.

                                    a. 1 1/4”

                                    b. 1 1/2'”

                                    c. 1 1/5”

                                    d. 1 2/3”

                                    56. A type of pipe fitting for a Yoke Vent.

                                    a. 1/4Bend

                                    b. 1/8 Bend

                                    c. 1/2 Bend

                                    d. 1/3 Bend

                                    57. A device installed on an electric water heater used to detect the working temperature to activate a switch.

                                    a. Heat Sensor

                                    b. Thermostat

                                    c. Temperature Valve

                                    d. Thermoswitch

                                    58. Minimum size of trap or branch for a bidet.

                                    a. 1-1/2"

                                    b. 1-1/4”

                                    c. 2”

                                    d. 2-1/2”

                                    59. Minimum fixture supply pipe diameter for tank type water closet.

                                    a. 3/8"

                                    b. 1/2”

                                    c. 3/4 “

                                    d. 1”

                                    60. Term applied to the interconnection of the same fixtures in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent.

                                    a. Branch Circuit

                                    b. Battery of Fixtures

                                    c. Vent Assembly

                                    d. Branch Assembly

                                    61. A single vent that ventilates multiple traps in the case of a back to back vent.

                                    a. Common Vent

                                    b. Relief Vent

                                    c. Roof Vent

                                    d. Vent Stack

                                    62. Minimum size of a standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 meters or less from the fire service connection.

                                    a. 3”

                                    b. 4"

                                    c. 4-1/2”

                                    d. 6”

                                    63. Minimum size of a wet standpipe for a riser of more than 15 meters from the source.

                                    a. 3”

                                    b. 4"

                                    c. 4-1/2”

                                    d. 6”

                                    64. Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting.

                                    a. 3”

                                    b. 4”

                                    c. 5”

                                    d. 6"

                                    65. Minimum wire size in square millimeter for a branch circuit with a 30 ampere rating using Type THW stranded copper conductor in a raceway.

                                    a. 3.2 sqmm

                                    b. 3.5 sqmm

                                    c. 5.3 sqmm

                                    b. 5.5 sqmm

                                    66. Standard frequency of power supplied by the local power utility company like Meralco.

                                    a. 20 Cycles

                                    b. 40 Cycles

                                    c. 60 Cycles

                                    d. 120 Cycles

                                    67. The overhead service conductors from the last pole or other aerial support to and including splices, if any, connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building.

                                    a. Electric Service

                                    b. Service Drop

                                    c. Service Connection

                                    d. Underground Service

                                    68. Unit of loudness level.

                                    a. Phon

                                    b. Decibel

                                    c. Wavelength

                                    d. Sabin

                                    69. The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat.

                                    a. Sound Absorption

                                    b. Sound Diffraction

                                    c. Sound Deflection

                                    d. Sound Attenuation

                                    70. Distance sound travels during each cycle of vibration.

                                    a. Sine Wave

                                    b. Wavelength

                                    c. Sabin

                                    d. Sound Threshold

                                    71. The reduction in the intensity or in the sound pressure level of sound which is transmitted from one point to another.

                                    a. Sound Absorption

                                    b. Sound Diffraction

                                    c. Sound Deflection

                                    d. Sound Attenuation

                                    72. Unit of sound absorption equivalent to 1 square foot of perfectly absorptive material.

                                    a. Phon

                                    b. Decibel

                                    c. Wavelength

                                    d. Sabin

                                    73. Acoustical phenomenon which causes sou

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                                    CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// Steel Designer Manual Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:35 AM CST
                                    Message 17 of 24 , Dec 24, 2008
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                                      Steel Designer Manual

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:35 AM CST

                                      Steel Construction Institute Staff, Steel Designers' Manual, 6th Edition
                                      Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
                                      ISBN: 1405134127
                                      Publication Date: May 1, 2005
                                      Number of pages: 1368
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 7.5 MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      This classic manual on structural steel design provides a major source of reference for structural engineers and fabricators working with the leading construction material. Based fully on the concepts of limit state design, the manual has been revised to take account of the 2000 revisions to BS 5950. It also looks at new developments in structural steel, environmental issues and outlines the main requirements of the Eurocode on structural steel.
                                      At the instigation of the Iron and Steel Federation, the late Bernard Godfrey began work in 1952 on the first edition of the Steel Designers’ Manual. As principal author he worked on the manuscript almost continuously for a period of two years. On many Friday evenings he would meet with his co-authors, Charles Gray, Lewis Kent and W.E. Mitchell to review progress and resolve outstanding technical problems. A remarkable book emerged.Within approximately 900 pages it was possible for the steel designer to find everything necessary to carry out the detailed design of most conventional steelwork. Although not intended as an analytical treatise, the book contained the best summary of methods of analysis then available.
                                      The standard solutions, influence lines and formulae for frames could be used by the ingenious designer to disentangle the analysis of the most complex structure. Information on element design was intermingled with guidance on the design of both overall structures and connections. It was a book to dip into rather than read from cover to cover. However well one thought one knew its contents, it was amazing how often a further reading would give some useful insight into current problems. Readers forgave its idiosyncrasies, especially in the order of presentation. How could anyone justify slipping a detailed treatment of angle struts between a very general discussion of space frames and an overall presentation on engineering workshop design?
                                      The book was very popular. It ran to four editions with numerous reprints in both hard and soft covers. Special versions were also produced for overseas markets. Each edition was updated by the introduction of new material from a variety of sources. However, the book gradually lost the coherence of its original authorship and it became clear in the 1980s that a more radical revision was required. After 36 very successful years it was decided to rewrite and re-order the book, while retaining its special character. This decision coincided with the formation of the Steel Construction Institute and it was given the task of co-ordinating this activity.
                                      _
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                                      Code Check Building

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:33 AM CST

                                      By Redwood Kardon
                                      Publisher: Taunton
                                      ISBN10: 1561585955
                                      Publication Date: August 1, 2003
                                      Number of pages: 32
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 10 MB

                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Endorsed by the International Conference of Building Officials, this comprehensive reference guide to current national building codes covers foundations, framing, exterior and interior walls, fireplaces, and chimneys. 85 color illustrations in addition to the principles behind the codes and information on requirements are included in this practical manual with durable laminated pages, formatted in a handy spiral-bound edition.
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171376422/Code.Check.Building.rar

                                      Dream Homes

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:33 AM CST

                                      by Andreas von Einsiedel, Johanna Thornycroft
                                      Publisher: Merrell Publishers Ltd
                                      Number of Pages: 355
                                      Format: PDF
                                      ISBN: 1858942977
                                      Size: 29.45 MB
                                      Language: English
                                      _
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                                      Architecture: Sustainable Building Design

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:31 AM CST

                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 100
                                      Size: 8.95
                                      ISBN : 0471486604
                                      Publisher: Tokyo University Press 2005

                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference in Tokyo, Student Session 23-29 September 2005, Tokyo, Japan, with 95 project from all the world - very interesting work.
                                      _
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                                      Frank Lloyd Wright A Visual Encyclopedia

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:29 AM CST

                                      Frank Lloyd Wright: A Visual Encyclopedia - Iain Thomson (Parte 1)
                                      Publisher: PRC Publishing LTD.
                                      ISBN:1571451870
                                      Publication Date: May 13, 1999
                                      Language: English
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 212
                                      Size: 53.43 MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Amazing graphic works of a big and longer recopilation from Wright´s works with incredible images.
                                      _
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                                      Building Systems for Interior Designers

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:24 AM CST

                                      By Corky Binggeti
                                      Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
                                      ISBN: 0471417335
                                      Bublication Date: 2002
                                      Number of pages: 469
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 6.69MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Building Systems for Interior Designers is the first book to explain technical building systems and engineering issues in a clear and accessible way to interior designers. The technical knowledge and vocabulary presented here allow interior designers to communicate more effectively with architects, engineers, and contractors while collaborating on projects, leading to more accurate solutions for problems related to a broad range of other building considerations with an impact on interior design. Information on sustainable design is integrated throughout the book, making it a relevant tool for current and emerging trends in building design...
                                      Written in a straightforward, nontechnical style that maintains depth and accuracy, this book is the first complete text applicable to interior design courses and provides thorough preparation for the NCIDQ exam. Engaging, clear illustrations support the text, which is accessible to those without a math or physics background.
                                      Topics covered include: Heating and air conditioning systems Environmental issues Water and waste Thermal comfort HVAC systems Electricity Lighting Security and communications systems Fire safety Transportation systems With numerous case examples illustrating how interior designers apply this material in the real world, Building Systems for Interior Designers is a valuable book for students, as well as a practical desktop reference for professionals.
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                                      Bridge Engineering Handbook

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:22 AM CST

                                      Wai-Fah Chen, Lian Duan
                                      Publisher: CRC
                                      ISBN:0849374340
                                      Publication Date: 2000
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 2020
                                      Language: English
                                      Size: 148 MB
                                      _

                                      Book Description:
                                      An international team of experts has joined forces to produce the Bridge Engineering Handbook. They address all facets-the planning, design, inspection, construction, and maintenance of a variety of bridge structures-creating a must-have resource for every bridge engineer. This unique, comprehensive reference provides the means to review standard practices and keep abreast of new developments and state-of-the-art practices.
                                      Comprising 67 chapters in seven sections, the authors present:
                                      Fundamentals: Provides the basic concepts and theory of bridge engineering,
                                      Superstructure Design: Discusses all types of bridges,
                                      Substructure Design: Addresses columns, piers, abutments, and foundations,
                                      Seismic Design: Presents the latest in seismic bridge design,
                                      Construction and Maintenance: Focuses on the practical issues of bridge structures,
                                      Special Topics: Offers new and important information and unique solutions,
                                      Worldwide Practice: Summarizes bridge engineering practices around the world.
                                      Discover virtually all you need to know about any type of bridge


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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171382185/Bridge.Engineering.Handbook.part1.rar
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171382187/Bridge.Engineering.Handbook.part2.rar

                                      Assessing Building Performance

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:21 AM CST

                                      Publisher: Elsevier
                                      ISBN 0750661747
                                      Publication Date: December 13, 2004
                                      Number of pages: 224
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 4 Mb RAR
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      The building performance evaluation (BPE) framework emphasizes an evaluative stance throughout the six phases of the building delivery and life cycle:
                                      * strategic planning/needs analysis
                                      * program review
                                      * design review
                                      * post-construction evaluation/review
                                      * post-occupancy evaluation
                                      * facilities management review/adaptive reuse

                                      The lessons learned from positive and negative building performance are fed into future building delivery cycles. The case studies illustrate how this basic methodology has been adapted to a range of cultural contexts, and indicates the positive results of building performance assessment in a wide range of situations
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                                      California Interiors

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:20 AM CST

                                      Diane Dorrans Saeks (Author), Angelika Taschen (Editor)
                                      Publisher: Taschen
                                      Publication Date: September 1999
                                      ISBN 3822866105
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 32 MB
                                      Number of pages: 303
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171396552/California.Interiors.rar

                                      Land Development Handbook

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:19 AM CST

                                      The Dewberry Companies
                                      Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
                                      Publication Date: March 29, 2002
                                      ISBN:0071375252
                                      Number of pages: 1124 pages
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 25.7 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Planning Magazine : How to develop.
                                      "Forty years ago, for a typical suburban house, the cost of engineering, planning, and surveying, including fees paid to agencies, was about the cost of a refrigerator today. Today it is probably greater than the total cost of all of kitchen and other electronic appliances combined." So write Sidney Dewberry and Dennis Couture in the overview chapter that introduces the mammoth second edition of the Land Development Handbook: Planning, Engineering, and Surveying (2002; McGraw-Hill; 1,124 pp.; $150). A development and consulting firm, the Dewberry Companies, is listed as author, which seems appropriate since most of the 26 editors and contributing authors are employees of the firm.

                                      The first edition of this handbook was published in 1996. For this version, several of the 41 chapters have been updated, and the order of presentation has been changed to reflect the way issues come up in a project. There are six sections: feasibility and site analysis, conceptual design, schematic design, final design, plan submission and permitting, and construction. This is a how-to book that aspires to be both extensive and detailed; its table of contents alone runs 13 pages.

                                      As the title and cover photo suggest, the authors focus on development of greenfields. The engineering perspective is dominant, and the book's brief mentions of smart growth and new ways of designing feel largely extraneous to the business at hand. Thus, the 51-page chapter on suburban street design devotes two pages to pedestrians, and the list of suggested readings in the chapter on development patterns and principles includes no work published since 1990.
                                      _
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                                      Masonry and Concrete fro Residential Construction

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:24 AM CST

                                      By Christine Beall
                                      Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
                                      ISBN: 0070067066
                                      Number of pages: 400 pages
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 5.5 Mb
                                      _

                                      Book Description:
                                      The only all-inclusive, accessible reference for all aspects of building with masonry and concrete for residential purposes - ideal for residential builders, contractors, remodelers, and other professionals Part of the Complete Construction Series, this design-it, specify-it, and build-it source aids decision-making and construction performance by illustrating and explaining the function and behavior of each material Provides problem-avoiding insights into installation, construction, storage, and cleaning techniques - filled with tables, graphs, and over 100 illustrations
                                      _
                                      Download link:

                                      Masonry Design and Detailing

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:17 AM CST

                                      Christine Beall
                                      Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
                                      Publication Date: December 12, 2003
                                      ISBN: 0071377344
                                      Number of pages: 640
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 13.7 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      ArchitectureWeek, New Books Listings, July 2004

                                      An essential resource for architects and masonry contractors...
                                      Completely updated...
                                      Detailed enough for the working professional...
                                      Still appropriate for apprentice
                                      _
                                      Download link:
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171396555/Masonry.Design.and.Detailing.For.Architects.and.Contractors.rar

                                      Design with Structural Steel

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:16 AM CST

                                      Designing with Structural Steel A Guide for Architects
                                      Publisher: American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc.
                                      Publication Date: 2002
                                      ISBN 1564240525
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 374
                                      Size: 2.5 MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      The purpose of this Guide is to provide architects with the tools needed to feel more comfortable and confident working with structural steel in building projects. With a greater understanding of the characteristics and inherent benefits of structural steel, architects will be prepared to better utilize steel as a framing material. Some of the strengths structural steel offers in building design is high resiliency and performance under harsh and difficult conditions, i.e., earthquakes and hurricanes. Steel offers the ability to span great distances with slenderness and grace. Steel can be shaped to achieve curved forms and goes up quickly to meet tough construction schedules in almost any weather condition. Steel can be easily modified in the future to satisfy changing requirements. And with virtually all structural steel produced in the United States today made from recycled cars and other steel products, steel offers environmental sustainability for the future
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171396556/Design.with.Structural.Steel.rar

                                      Metal Building Systems Design and Specifications

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:26 AM CST

                                      By Alexander Newman
                                      Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
                                      Publication Date: November 28, 2003
                                      ISBN: 0071402012
                                      Number of pages: 576
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 9 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      This book from an expert on metal building systems the first an author unaffiliated with an industry trade group offers important, valuable, and unbiased information that can save you money and time and that may even save your building! Full of essential features, tips and advice, this guide goes beyond manufacturer supplied information to warn you of potential design pitfalls and to point out specific recurring problems and failures of MBS drawn from actual experience. It provides specific help unavailable elsewhere with specifying and selecting secondary framing, walls, roofs, and much, much more. This is the one book that is a must-have for any professional involved with pre-engineered buildings.
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171402281/Metal.Building.Systems.Design.and.Specifications.rar

                                      The Complete Book Of Underground Houses: How To Build A Low Cost Home

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:14 AM CST

                                      The Complete Book Of Underground Houses: How To Build A Low Cost Home
                                      Publisher: Sterling
                                      Publication Date: 1994
                                      ISBN: 9780806907284
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 148 Pages
                                      Size: 36MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      "According to Roy, underground or `earth-sheltered' houses are unexpectedly livable. Judging by his book's attractive pictures, that's easy to believe. The house he bases his point-by-point guide on is indeed a showplace. Its homey touches are just that, though, and Roy's main concern is creating such a house, from drawing up the plans to surveying the site to the actual building. Roy's instruction is insightful and comprehensive....Throughout, he covers construction and installation details that are extremely important for nonprofessionals brave enough to undertake building their own homes."--Booklist. 148 pages, 40 color illustrations.
                                      _

                                      Architecture in Europe Since 1968: Memory and Invention

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:13 AM CST

                                      Architecture in Europe Since 1968: Memory and Invention

                                      Publisher: Thames & Hudson
                                      ISBN: 0500279489
                                      Number of pages: 312
                                      Publication Date: September 1997
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 65 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Winner of an American Institute of Architects Award, this book surveys twenty years of a period characterized by conflict between tradition and invention, modern and anti-modern, and by an abundance of disparate design solutions. The epoch begins with the completion in 1972 of the first commissions embodying the ideas that sprang out of the events of 1968--a year when student unrest and political upheaval crystallized new intellectual and cultural attitudes. It ends in the early 1990s, a time when both Modernism and earlier traditions began to be reappraised. Over seventy-five projects are presented, with critical essays, photographs, drawings, site diagrams, and construction details. Extensive documentation includes background data on each project, bibliographies, and biographies, with contributions from Jean-Louis Cohen, Lucius Burckhardt, Fritz Neumeyer, and Peter Rice.
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171408257/Architecture.in.Europe.rar

                                      Design Representation

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:12 AM CST

                                      Publisher: Springer
                                      Publication Date: 2004
                                      ISBN: 9781852337537
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Number of pages: 222
                                      Size: 4.9 MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Design representation is necessary for all design activity. You will gain a guide to both theory and practical application in this discussion of representation as it occurs during the process of design. Goldschmidt and Porter give you perspectives on representational issues in design that are both informative and evocative of further inquiry. The unique interdisciplinary approach brings a new dimension to the study of representation, benefiting the global network of researchers, students and practitioners in all areas of design. Rather than addressing the larger framework directly, a series of smaller case studies are presented, each dealing with aspects of representation in architecture and engineering. Binding together historical-cultural, cognitive-social and technological perspectives eliminates the need for further reading. Innovative research methods based on numerous well-illustrated examples will leave you with new ideas to build on. International contributors focus on worldwide research activities, offering you more than just an expansion of a single viewpoint. Design Representation delves into the common roots of representation in all design disciplines through case studies, historical investigations, theoretical constructs and programming. If you are involved in any design activity, this will be a truly exciting addition to your bookshelf.
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/171408258/Design.Representation.rar

                                      Planet Architecture: Zaha Hadid

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:10 AM CST

                                      ZahaHadid Works Planet Architecture
                                      Publisher: in-D
                                      Number Of Pages: 300
                                      Publication Date: 2003-10
                                      ISBN:1893801187
                                      CD-ROM 638Mb
                                      50Mb×9+8Mb
                                      _
                                      Zaha Hadid is one of the leading architects of our time. True to her provocative architectural research, her recently built works realize challenging and innovative designs once thought unbuildable. Moreover, a look at her pending projects promise even more dramatic shifts in our understanding and experience of architecture. Built works include: Contemporary Arts Center, Bergisel Ski Jump, Car Park & Terminus Hoenheim-Nord. Projects include: Phaeno- Science Center Wolfsburg, MAXXI- Museum of Arts of the 21st Century, BMW Plant- Central Building, One-North- Vista Masterplan Price Tower Arts Center.
                                      _
                                      Features:
                                      -Video Interviews [60 min]
                                      -VR Panoramic Views [11]
                                      -Paintings [12]
                                      -Photographs [70]
                                      -Models [73]
                                      -Drawings [70]
                                      -Computer Renderings [90]
                                      -Computer Animations [13]
                                      _
                                      The PlanetArchitecture.com Series of e-archives provide virtual tours which transcend the capabilities of traditional media. Utilizing an intuitive multi-referenced interface, e-archives allow users self-directed experiences through a comprehensive collection of videos, photographs, VR panoramic views, drawings, and renderings. Am I ready for digital books? I was excited about this new media format thinking I could use images for a screen saver or look at more detail, zoom in; but i was a bit diasppointed. This is better than the Morphosis one I also bought at the same time but many of the images are of limited size and i was hoping they could be viewed on a large format flat screen. Navigation takes a bit of getting used to. I still have a hard time reading content for long periods on the screen. For the price i think this should have been edited as a DVD video/documentray interview for viewing on a TV. It seems this format is stuck between CD and DVD, not a very satisfying experience. I think it should play itself with a commentary than having the user click through the various obscure tabs. There are alot of drawings and renderings that may not be available elseware; Hadid's work is hard to picture, visiting the real building is still the only way to really understand them. Planet Architecture has the best information on some of the most influential architects today and the past. And whats great is that its all grouped in ONE CD, not in a bunch of separate books. Whether you are a student doing a project or an architecture enthusiast these cds are great buys. The cd is easy to navigate and graphically interesting. I suggest you buy one for yourself and a friend.
                                      _
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                                      "Architecture Design Notebook"Second Edition

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:09 AM CST

                                      "Architecture Design Notebook"Second Edition
                                      Publisher: Architectural Press
                                      Publication Date: 2003-04-25
                                      ISBN: 075065669
                                      Number of pages: 128
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 4.7MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Architecture Design Notebook focuses on the process of design as pragmatic and non-theoretical. Dealing systematically with the core design curriculum, it clearly demonstrates the skills required for designing at undergraduate level. Providing students with fundamental maxims of design, and a framework within which they can approach their work, this book supports undergraduates as they learn to produce solutions to design challenges.
                                      _
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                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172017709/Arch.Design.Notebook.rar

                                      Architectural Thought and the Design Process

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:08 AM CST

                                      Publisher: Architectural Press
                                      Publication DAte: 2003-05
                                      Number of pages: 190
                                      ISBN : 0750658517
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 9.2MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      An introduction to architectural thought, this text is a thorough and accessible discussion in search of the principles of the design process. Documenting the non-verbal processes and decisions that architects and designers make is a difficult task, but one that is important when trying to understand the development of architectural design through the ages. Michael Brawne uses his experience as a practicing architect, academic and educator to provide an overview of the subject. By looking at the practices and buildings of architects past and present he incorporates history and philosophy in the search for a theory of design.

                                      * Provides a well-rounded look at the development of architectural thought.
                                      * Written at a level that is accessible for professionals and students.
                                      * Illustrates how the design process has developed from antiquity to the present day.
                                      _

                                      Sky High Living: Contemporary High-Rise Apartment

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:06 AM CST

                                      Publisher: Images Publishing Dist A/C
                                      Number of pages: 256
                                      Publication date: 2006-08-03
                                      Format: djvu
                                      ISBN: 1864700947
                                      Size: 22MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Sky High Living explores a selection of the most arresting residential tall buildings from around the world, predominantly from North America and Asia.
                                      _
                                      Download link:
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172024391/sky.high.living.rar

                                      Future Forms and Design for Sustainable Cities

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:05 AM CST

                                      Mike Jenks, Nicola Dempsey
                                      Publisher: Architectural Press
                                      Publication Date: August 22, 2005
                                      ISBN:075066309X
                                      Number of pages: 456
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 13 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Concentrating on the planning and design of cities, the three sections take a logical route through the discussion from the broad considerations at regional and city scale, to the larger city at high and lower densities through to design considerations on the smaller block scale. Key design issues such as access to facilities, access for sunlight, life cycle analyses, and the impact of communications on urban design are tackled, and in conclusion, the research is compared to large scale design examples that have been proposed and/or implemented over the past decade to give a vision for the future that might be achievable.

                                      * Provides an accessible presentation of the latest research in sustainable urban planning and design
                                      * Illustrates recent sustainable plans and schemes to show how they stand up against the latest research
                                      * Offers architects, urban designers and planners a view of how urban forms can become more sustainable in the future
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                                      Download link:

                                      The Grammar of Ornament by Owen Jones

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:04 AM CST

                                      By Owen Jones (Author), Maxine Lewis (Editor)

                                      Publisher: DK ADULT
                                      Publication Date: April 18, 2001
                                      ISBN: 0789476460
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 143 Mb
                                      Number of pages: 504
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      This disc reproduces the printed The Grammar of Ornament by Owen Jones (London, 1856), with supplementary color plates from the 1868 edition. The original printed work was considered a masterpiece of 19th-century color printing, with thousands of examples of ornamental motifs and designs (many from ancient monuments and buildings) from the ancient world through the Renaissance, including both Eastern and Western design motifs.
                                      _
                                      Download links:
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172320170/The.Grammar.of.Ornament.part1.rar
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172320173/The.Grammar.of.Ornament.part2.rar

                                      Foundations of Interior Design

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:01 AM CST

                                      Foundations of interior Design CD-Rom Version ISO


                                      Publisher: Fairchild Publications PIC
                                      ISBN:1563672863
                                      Language: English
                                      Size: 344 MB
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Foundations of Interior Design balances the theory of interior design with its practice as an applied art, combining real-life examples with a historical and conceptual look at design theory. It introduces its readers to the professional career path on which they are about to embark, highlighting the experiences of those already in the field. Its author, an interior design practitioner, educator, and writer, approaches the field from a service-industry perspective. With a conversational writing style, Slotkis presents a thorough introduction to design theory and execution, history, FFE, socially responsible design, and business practices. This book provides practical advice about interior design as a career, as well as conceptual information about colour schemes, planning, and the principles of design theory.
                                      _
                                      Download links:
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172327285/F.O.Int.Des.part1.rar
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172332773/F.O.Int.Des.part2.rar
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172336740/F.O.Int.Des.part3.rar
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172338822/F.O.Int.Des.part4.rar

                                      Concrete and Masonry Databook

                                      Posted: 24 Dec 2008 02:25 AM CST

                                      Christine Beall , Rochelle Jaffe,
                                      Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
                                      Publication Date: September 26, 2002
                                      ISBN:0071361545
                                      Number of pages: 700
                                      Format: PDF
                                      Size: 25.8 Mb
                                      _
                                      Book Description:
                                      Concise answers to all your questions about concrete and masonry It's all here: the concrete and masonry information you need to work more efficiently, avoid costly problems and mistakes, minimize risk, reduce waste...and maximize profits! Industry experts Christine Beall and Rochelle Jaffe save you countless hours of searching through dozens of manuals or esoteric pamphlets, presenting the data in a quick-find, straightforward, heavily illustrated format. You get fingertip access to valuable practice tools and job-simplifying material, including more than 1000 tables, charts, graphs, and line drawings…guidance on thermal, fire, and weather resistance…current ASTM, ACI, and TMS standards…UBC, MSJC, and IBC code requirements…essential concrete and masonry data…listings of industry standards. You can count on thorough, detailed coverage of key topics, including: products and materials; mortar, grout, and concrete mixes; form work and reinforcements; site and landscape elements; wall and floor systems; and much more. Invaluable for those working in both the commercial and residential markets, here is the single definitive volume on concrete and masonry.
                                      _
                                      Download link:
                                      http://rapidshare.com/files/172345617/Conc.and.Masonry.Databook.rar
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                                    • CAFA notes
                                      CAFA notes /////////////////////////////////////////// New Blogspot Address Posted: 28 Jan 2009 09:57 PM CST
                                      Message 18 of 24 , Feb 21, 2009
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                                        CAFA notes

                                        CAFA notes

                                        New Blogspot Address

                                        Posted: 28 Jan 2009 09:57 PM CST

                                        I am transferring to a new blogspot address combining all my other blogspots http://pupclass.blogspot.com,
                                        http://modern-arki.blogspot.com, and
                                        http://greenarki.blogspot.com.

                                        My new blogspot would be
                                        http://architectureoverload.blogspot.com.

                                        Sorry for the inconvenience and hoping you visit my new site.

                                        Thesis Blog

                                        Posted: 25 Jan 2009 07:24 AM CST

                                        I am opening a window for students of architecture to have their thesis works viewed and appreciated by others. I am inviting thesis students to send me their thesis project for publishing here. Please email me the following:
                                        Your Name
                                        School
                                        Thesis Year
                                        Thesis Executive Summary
                                        Pictures of your presentation boards and drawings

                                        Be proud of your work! Share it with others!

                                        Ten Most Unique Church

                                        Posted: 24 Jan 2009 09:24 PM CST

                                        1. Harajuku: Japanese Futuristic ChurchThis futuristic protestant church is located in Tokyo and it was first unveiled by the design firm of Ciel Rouge Creation in 2005. The ceiling is specially made to reverberate natural sound for 2 seconds to provide a unique listening experience for worshipers and tourists.


                                        2. Saint Basil's Cathedral: The Red Square 's Colorful Church

                                        The St. Basil's Cathedral is located on the Red Square in Moscow , Russia . A Russian Orthodox church, the Cathedral sports a series of colorful bulbous domes that taper to a point, aptly named onion domes, that are part of Moscow's Kremlin skyline.

                                        The cathedral was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the capture of the Khanate of Kazan. In 1588 Tsar Fedor Ivanovich had a chapel added on the eastern side above the grave of Basil Fool for Christ, a Russian Orthodox saint after whom the cathedral was popularly named.


                                        3. Hallgrímskirkja: Iceland 's Most Amazing Church

                                        The Hallgrímskirkja (literally, the church of Hallgrímur ) is a Lutheran parish church located in Reykjavík , Iceland . At 74.5 metres (244 ft), it is the fourth tallest architectural structure in Iceland . The church is named after the Icelandic poet and clergyman Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614 to 1674), author of the Passion Hymns. State Architect Guðjón Samúelsson's design of the church was commissioned in 1937; it took 38 years to build it.

                                        4. Temppeliaukio Kirkko: The Rock Church

                                        Temppeliaukio Kirkko ( Rock Church ) is a thrilling work of modern architecture in Helsinki . Completed in 1952, it is built entirely underground and has a ceiling made of copper wire. It was designed by architect brothers Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen and completed in 1969. They chose a rocky outcrop rising about 40 feet above street level, and blasted out the walls from the inside. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Helsinki and frequently full of visitors.

                                        5. Cathedral of Brasília: The Modern Church of architect Oscar Niemeyer

                                        The Catedral Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida in the capital of Brazil is an expression of the architect Oscar Niemeyer. This concrete-framed hyperboloid structure, seems with its glass roof to be reaching up, open, to heaven. On 31 May 1970 , the Cathedral's structure was finished, and only the 70 m diameter of the circular area were visible. Niemeyer's project of Cathedral of Brasília is based in the hyperboloid of revolution which sections are asymmetric. The hyperboloid structure itself is a result of 16 identical assembled concrete columns. These columns, having hyperbolic section and weighing 90 t, represent two hands moving upwards to heaven. The Cathedral was dedicated on 31 May 1970 .

                                        6. Borgund Church: Best Preserved Stave Church

                                        The Borgund Stave Church in Lærdal is the best preserved of Norway 's 28 extant stave churches. This wooden church, probably built in the end of the 12th century, has not changed structure or had a major reconstruction since the date it was built. The church is also featured as a Wonder for the Viking civilization in the video game Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings.


                                        7. Las Lajas Cathedral: A Gothic Church Worthy of a Fairy TaleThe Las Lajas Cathedral is located in southern Colombia and built in 1916 inside the canyon of the Guaitara River . According to the legend, this was the place where an indian woman named María Mueses de Quiñones was carrying her deaf-mute daughter Rosa on her back near Las Lajas ("The Rocks"). Weary of the climb, the María sat down on a rock when Rosa spoke (for the first time) about an apparition in a cave.

                                        Later on, a mysterious painting of the Virgin Mary carrying a baby was discovered on the wall of the cave. Supposedly, studies of the painting showed no proof of paint or pigments on the rock - instead, when a core sample was taken, it was found that the colors were impregnated in the rock itself to a depth of several feet. Whether true or not, the legend spurred the building of this amazing church.

                                        8. St. Joseph Church: Known for its Thirteen Gold Domed RoofSt. Joseph The Betrothed is an Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church in Chicago . Built in 1956, it is most known for its ultra-modern thirteen gold domed roof symbolizing the twelve apostles and Jesus Christ as the largest center dome. The interior of the church is completely adorned with byzantine style icons (frescoes). Unfortunately the iconographer was deported back to his homeland before he was able to write the names of all the saints as prescribed by iconographic traditions.


                                        9. Ružica Church: Where Chandeliers are made of Bullet Shells

                                        Located over the Kalemegdan Fortress in Belgrade, Serbia, the Ružica Church is La small chapel decorated with... with trench art! Its chandeliers are entirely made of spent bullet casing, swords, and cannon parts..

                                        The space the church now occupies was used by the Turks as gunpowder storage for over 100 years and it had to be largely rebuilt in 1920 after WWI. Though damaged by bombings there was an upshot to the terrible carnage of The Great War. While fighting alongside England and the US , Serbian soldiers on the Thessaloniki front took the time to put together these amazing chandeliers. It is one of the world's finest examples of trench art.


                                        10.Chapel of St-Gildas: Built into the base of a bare rocky cliff

                                        The Chapel of St-Gildas sits upon the bank of the Canal du Blavet in Brittany, France . Built like a stone barn into the base of a bare rocky cliff, this was once a holy place of the Druids. Gildas appears to have travelled widely throughout the Celtic world of Corwall, Wales , Ireland and Scotland . He arrived in Brittany in about AD 540 and is said to have preached Christianity to the people from a rough pulpit, now contained within the chapel.

                                        Heritage Conservation Society Lecture on Church Heritage Conservation

                                        Posted: 24 Jan 2009 12:41 AM CST

                                        The Heritage Conservation Society invites everyone to attend "SAVING GRACE: Case Studies on the Architectural Conservation of Heritage Churches Here and Abroad" on Saturday, 31 January 2009, from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon at the Army & Navy Club Building (now Museo ng Maynila) in Rizal Park.

                                        Speakers will include:

                                        Ms. Tina Paterno, Senior Conservator from New York City
                                        - the Smithfield Church, built in 1925, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
                                        - the Cathedral of the Incarnation, built in 1876, in Garden City, New York;

                                        Archt. Arnulfo Dado, of the National Museum
                                        - San Agustin Church, Intramuros, Manila, completed in 1607 and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO,
                                        - the Parish Church of San Raymundo de Peñafort, Rizal (Malaueg), Cagayan, built in 1607 and declared a National Cultural Treasure by the NCCA;

                                        Archt. Angel Lazaro, of Angel Lazaro & Associates
                                        - Parish Church of San Andres, in Masinloc, Zambales, built in 1607 and declared a National Cultural Treasure by the NCCA.

                                        Lunch will be served. Minimum donation is P 200 for non-members, P 100 for HCS members, and P 50 for undergraduate students. For more information, please contact the HCS at 521-2239 or hcs_secretariat@ yahoo.com.

                                        URBAN HEAT ISLAND FORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF URBAN SUSTAINABILITY (Part 5)

                                        Posted: 22 Jan 2009 07:49 AM CST

                                        Conclusion and Recommendations


                                        While more definitive studies are continuing, it is clear from the data that the built environment, and corresponding lack of vegetation, is several degrees warmer than nearby natural environments. The increasing effects in tropical mega-cities have created increasing concern for the sustainability of the urban system.


                                        Studies in the urban heat environment have gone a long way. Most of the earlier researches though were focused from the meteorological point of view. The motivation was to see the implications of heat island on weather phenomenon. Another group of researchers tried to study heat environment from an architectural point of view, where their intentions were to provide the ambient temperature and comfort condition inside buildings. The former was of concern of regional scale and the latter was of building scale but none approach it from the scale of a city. However, with the advent of remote sensing and aeronautics research using techniques developed for space technologies, a sudden interest is observed.

                                        Recent studies that have used these technologies have focused on the understanding of land use patterns to heat production and its effect on the lowest layers in the atmosphere. The concern is on how the characteristics of the urban landscape drive this urban heat island effect and how urbanization and growth shape the dynamics of the effect. Parks and greenbelts reduce temperatures while the Central Business district (CBD), commercial areas, and even suburban housing tracts are areas of warmer temperatures. Every house, building, and road changes the microclimate around it, contributing to the urban heat islands of our cities. The urban heat island effect will exist as long as urban areas exist. However, the growth of heat islands can be slowed, and its effects reduced.


                                        The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the urban heat environment, their implications to urban sustainability, and to identify measures to alleviate it. There are many possible measures that exist to make cities more sustainable and habitable and urban planners and policy makers should think this phenomenon seriously before the situation gets worse further. In some affluent cities such as Tokyo , Los Angeles and Atlanta , the problem has been identified as quite serious and major researches are being initiated. Present and future mega-cities like Metro Manila should learn the lessons from these cities and appropriate urban policies should be put into action.


                                        References:

                                        Akbari, H. 1998. “Cool Roofs Save Energy” ASHRAE proceedings, January.

                                        Luvall, Dr. Jeffrey C and Dr. Dale Quattrochi. "Whats hot in Huntsville and what's not: A NASA thermal remote sensing project" 14 Feb 1996
                                        http://www.ghcc.msfc.nasa.gov/land/heatisl/heatisl.htm

                                        Heat Island Group "Air Quality" 27 Apr 2004
                                        http://eetd.lbl.gov/HeatIsland/AirQuality

                                        NASA "NASA Satellite Confirms Urban Heat Islands Increase Rainfall Around Cities" 18 Jun 2002
                                        http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20020613urbanrain.html

                                        “Urban Climate Modifications”

                                        http://www-personal.umich.edu/-rohemma/resint.htm

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                                        URBAN HEAT ISLAND FORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF URBAN SUSTAINABILITY (Part 4)

                                        Posted: 22 Jan 2009 07:55 AM CST

                                        Heat Island Mitigation Strategies: The Role of Urban Planning


                                        Till today, urban developers and policy makers are not serious on the implications of the worsening heat environment. The costs as discussed above, are tremendous which would force this effect to be taken seriously into up-coming days. On one hand, there are certain things that might be difficult to change such as urban thermal mass, weather patterns and surface roughness. Elimination of these effects would require complete and drastic new way of thinking in the way cities are built and operate. But on the other hand, there are plenty of corrective measures that can be taken within the existing urban set-up such as increasing vegetation cover, albedo modification, efficient energy consumption and management of heat discharge sources which are possible by supportive urban planning and policy measures.

                                        Increasing vegetative cover

                                        Tree plantation is the most obvious and the easiest way to improve heat environment in existing urban set-ups. Trees help in a number of ways; they provide direct shade to the buildings from solar radiation so that less radiation will reach to the building walls, windows and roof to be absorbed. They also create shades in the soil and concrete pavements to act as heat sink for the buildings and asphalt roads. Increase in water vapor due to evapotranspiration by plant leaves is significant in taking the heat away. Trees also act as pollutants, carbon and noise sink. It helps to mitigate greenhouse effects by consuming carbon dioxide in the photosynthesis process. It is estimated that a street lined with trees can reduce dust particles of about 7,000 particles per liter of air. However, care must be used in choosing the type of trees since some trees give off organic compounds (hydrocarbons) into the atmosphere and contribute to ozone in forming smog.


                                        Planting programs can help reduce urban temperatures and make cities greener. Within ten to fifteen years – the time it takes a tree to grow to a useful size – trees placed in strategic locations can reduce heating and cooling costs by an average of 10-20%. Over their lifetimes, trees can be much less expensive than air conditioners and the energy needed to run them.

                                        Well-distributed green parks and water bodies around the urban city act as recreational and aesthetic beauty. Urban planners are concerned with parks and water bodies but their motivation is for aesthetic beauty rather than betterment of heat environment. In the existing urban set-up, metropolitan authorities could encourage green belts around the roadside and plantations. This strategy depend on the local climate condition whether the place of concern is hot-dry or hot-humid in nature. In the hot-dry regions, the evaporation from the soil is minimal, urban parks and water bodies increase water evaporation from both the plants and the soil, consequently the effect on local climate could be significant and desirable. On the contrary, hot-humid regions have low specific evaporation and reduction in the wind speed near the ground is undesirable from the comfort viewpoint (Givoni, 1997).


                                        Albedo modification

                                        Albedo is defined as the ability of the surface to reflect solar radiation. It is different from reflectivity in the sense that reflectivity might only account for visual bands whereas albedo accounts for all the incoming radiation to the surface. It is basically hemispherical reflection of radiation integrated over the solar spectrum (0.3 – 2.5 mm) and includes specular and diffuse reflection (Bretz et al, 1998). Asphalt roads, concrete pavements and corrugated roofs have low values of albedo which form the major part of the dense mega-cities. Low albedo surfaces absorb significant proportion of the solar radiation and contribute in worsening urban heat environment. The mitigation strategy therefore is to improve over-all albedo of the urban surfaces.


                                        Improving the urban albedo, such as for buildings and other surfaces have additional advantages. Apart from facilitating urban surfaces to reflect most of the solar radiation, it also contributes in cooling the buildings so that air-conditioning demand is greatly reduced. Studies have shown that the cooling energy savings from the high-albedo roofs and walls in the buildings are very significant. Any heat island mitigation strategy would be required to identify the opportunities that exist in improving the urban surface albedo. The surface albedo property can be greatly enhanced either by mixing it with some third material that can greatly increase its albedo or replacing the traditional construction material completely. The “cool construction materials” can be used to improve solar reflectance without significant cost additions. The choice of light and white colored surfaces is possible, however, a distinction between the light colored surface and high albedo surface should be well understood since light colored surface only means high reflectivity in the visible band.


                                        The effect of albedo modification by one or combination of various methods at the scale of a city and their implication to the overall temperature is not very much studied. In general, the motivation for such albedo improvement has been observed from the air-conditioning viewpoint at building scale rather than reduction of overall thermal situation at the city scale. Building owners, builders and architects have choice to select color of the rooftops, type of construction materials and other measures. Urban planners and policy makers can change the attitude of the stakeholders by improving building codes with thermal considerations, energy management and appropriate urban planning.

                                        Efficient energy consumption and management of heat discharge sources

                                        Since mega-cities are characterized by high energy consumption, ample opportunities exist to manage energy and the heat discharge sources. As stated earlier, air-conditioning is the major stationary heat discharge sources arising from buildings. Air-conditioning units discharge heat to the urban atmosphere continuously due to the energy consumption inside the buildings in various forms (mainly gas and electricity) and absorbed solar radiation through the building surfaces. Three types of management is important here. First, is to enhance energy efficiencies of the end use appliances and the way of supplying energy. Second, is the energy efficient building design from architecture standpoint. And third, is the location of heat discharge sources. High-rise buildings allow the flexibility of placing the air-conditioning units (or plants) at the height significantly above the ground surfaces and the prevailing wind at the height can effectively swipe away the heat without letting it to concentrate in the urban canopy. Although there could be concern on the costs that would conflict with the optimization of piping, a balance optimum is possible. A mixture of high-rise and medium rise buildings in the dense urban area also enhance the over-all urban ventilation by creating turbulence in wind canopy, the ventilation in such case might be better than the urban area with low density but with buildings of similar heights.


                                        The effect of improving appliance efficiencies in buildings on urban heat environment might be very small without changing the way the energies are supplied into the buildings. A central air-conditioning system is energy and cost-wise more efficient than the smaller units in each rooms or at each floors in the multi-storey structures. District cooling is favorable in the dense urban structure. In individual detached homes, small measures such as shading of air-conditioning units can produce effective results.


                                        Transportation is the major heat discharge source that is mobile and difficult to simulate. It is encouraging that the automobile fuel efficiency is improving but at the same time, concentration of vehicles and traffic congestion is also increasing in the mega-cities and the net effect of which is unfavorable from urban warming standpoint. An exact extent of a

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