was born in London (probably at the Charterhouse) on 16 May 1641. He
was the fourth (third surviving) son of Dudley North, fourth Baron
North (1602-1677), landowner, and his wife, Anne (1613/14-1681),
second daughter of Sir Charles Montagu of Cranbrook and his second
wife, Mary Whitmore. He distinguished himself first as a successful
businessman who parlayed his small provision into a substantial
fortune, second as a public servant in the customs, and third as an
original analyst of the market economy. ...