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Fwd: Military in the Peace Corps

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  • gmrpcv
    ... This is a very hot item and one of great concerrn to RPCV and former staff. Please pass this info on to your members. Judith H. Whitney-Terry Northeast
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 3, 2005
      --- In gmrpcv@yahoogroups.com, "gmrpcv" <vtrpcv@n...> wrote:
      This is a very hot item and one of great concerrn to RPCV and former
      staff. Please pass this info on to your members.

      Judith H. Whitney-Terry
      Northeast NPCA Representative

      Jonathan Pearson

      For more information on NPCA Advocacy, visit the Advocacy Network
      webpage at http://www.rpcv.org/advocacy.

      Dear Members of the Advocacy Listserv -

      NPCA President Kevin Quigley is currently scheduled to appear on
      Pacifica Radio's "Democracy Now" program on Wednesday morning
      concerning the military recruitment - Peace Corps issue that has
      been in the news.

      A link to the latest updates on the NPCA homepage can be found at

      A link to stations which broadcast Democracy Now can be found at

      For those who have not seen it, the most recent article in today's
      Washington Post, is below...

      By Alan Cooperman
      Washington Post Staff Writer
      Tuesday, August 2, 2005; A11

      The U.S. military, struggling to fill its voluntary ranks, is
      offering to allow recruits to meet part of their military
      obligations by serving in the Peace Corps, which has resisted any
      ties to the Defense Department or U.S. intelligence agencies since
      its founding in 1961.

      The recruitment program has sparked debate and rising opposition
      among current and former Peace Corps officials. Some welcome it as a
      way to expand the cadre of idealistic volunteers created by
      President John F.Kennedy. But many say it could lead to suspicions
      abroad that the Peace Corps, which has 7,733 workers in 73
      countries, is working together with the U.S. armed forces.

      "Does this raise red flags for the Peace Corps community? I'd say
      yes --emphatically so," said Kevin Quigley, president of the
      National Peace Corps Association, an organization of returned
      volunteers, staff and supporters. "We think a real or perceived
      linkage between the Peace Corps and military service could damage
      the Peace Corps and potentially put the safety of Peace Corps
      volunteers at risk."

      Congress authorized the recruitment program three years ago in
      legislation that drew little attention at the time but is stirring
      controversy now, for two reasons: The military has begun to promote
      it, and the day is drawing closer when the first batch of about 4,300
      recruits will be eligible to apply to the Peace Corps, after having
      spent 3 1/2 years in the armed forces. That could happen as early as

      Two longtime proponents of national service programs, Sens. John
      McCain (R-Ariz.) and Evan Bayh (D-Ind.), devised the legislation "to
      provide Americans with more opportunities to serve their country,"
      said Bayh's spokeswoman, Meghan Keck. When it stalled as a separate
      bill, aides to the senators said, they folded it into a 306-page
      defense budget bill, where it did not attract opposition.

      Peace Corps Director Gaddi H. Vasquez, who was appointed in 2002 by
      President Bush, said in a recent interview that the Peace Corps was
      unaware of the provision until after it became law. Vasquez declined
      to say whether he would have opposed the legislation, had he known
      about it in time.

      "There might have been a discussion, there could have been some
      dialogue on this, but obviously that didn't happen," he said.

      Several former Peace Corps leaders said they hope that Congress and
      the Bush administration will reverse course and scuttle the program.
      They include former senator Harris Wofford (D-Pa.), who helped found
      the Peace Corps as a young aide in the Kennedy White House; Carol
      Bellamy, the former New York City Council president who headed the
      Peace Corps from 1993 to 1995; and Mark L. Schneider, who was a
      volunteer in El Salvador in the late 1960s and headed the Peace
      Corps during the last two years of the Clinton administration.

      "Democratic and Republican administrations alike have kept a bright
      line separating the Peace Corps from short-term foreign and security
      policies," Schneider said. "Blurring that sharp line is a bad idea,
      particularly now, given the unfortunate rise in anti-American
      sentiment following the Iraq war."

      After the law went into effect in 2003, the Defense Department was
      slow to promote the option of combining military and Peace Corps
      service, but it is now energetically flogging the "National Call to
      Service" program, recruiters said. The Army, which began a pilot
      project in 10 of its 41 recruiting districts in October 2003,
      expanded it into a nationwide effort this year. The Air Force, Navy
      and Marines offer identical programs, said Lt. Col. Ellen Krenke, a
      Pentagon spokeswoman.

      In all of the services, recruits are eligible for a $5,000 cash
      bonus or repayment of $18,000 in student loans if they agree to
      spend three months in boot camp, 15 months on active duty and two
      years in the Reserves or National Guard.

      After that, they can fulfill the remainder of their eight-year
      military obligation in the Individual Ready Reserves -- available
      for call-up,but without regular drilling duties -- or by serving in
      the Peace Corps or Americorps, the domestic national service program
      created in 1993.

      Vasquez emphasized that recruits have no guarantee that they will be
      accepted into the Peace Corps. Once they complete their active duty
      and Reserve or National Guard service, they can apply to the Corps.
      But they will not receive any preferential treatment, and the Peace
      Corps is not changing its admission standards, he said.

      "Ultimately, the impact to Peace Corps in terms of how we recruit,
      who we accept into service, remains very much intact and consistent
      with what we've done for 40-plus years," the Peace Corps director
      said. "I am an individual who embraces a very important facet of
      Peace Corps, and that is the Peace Corps' independence as an agency
      within the executive branch."

      Wofford, who worked in the White House with Sargent Shriver, the
      Kennedy brother-in-law who became the Peace Corps' first director,
      said the Corps historically has shown "passionate determination" to
      maintain that independence. At the outset in 1961, Shriver appealed
      to Kennedy to keep the Peace Corps from being placed under the
      Agency for International Development. Later, the Corps fought to
      uphold rules barring intelligence officers from joining the Peace
      Corps and prohibiting former Peace Corps volunteers from working for
      U.S. intelligence agencies.

      Several current Peace Corps volunteers said they opposed the military
      recruitment option but were reluctant to speak out publicly, because
      the Peace Corps forbids volunteers from talking to the media without

      "We are already accused on a daily basis of being CIA agents so I
      don't see how this [link to the U.S. military] could help," a
      volunteer in Burkina Faso said by e-mail.

      "It is hard enough trying to integrate yourself into a completely
      different culture, convincing people that . . . Americans are not
      these gun-toting sex maniacs . . . without having a connection to
      the U.S. military," another volunteer in Africa wrote.

      Former volunteers expressed a variety of reservations. Pat Reilly, a
      former chairwoman of the National Peace Corps Association who served
      in Liberia from 1972 to 1975 and spent several years as a full-time
      Peace Corps recruiter, said she worries about the motivation of
      people who enter the Peace Corps to fulfill a military service

      "The magic that makes the Peace Corps work is motivation, and when
      you tinker with that, then it won't work for the applicant and it
      won't work for the people it serves," she said.

      John Coyne, who served in Ethiopia during the 1960s and was a
      regional director in the Corps' New York office from 1996 to 2001,
      said numerous military veterans have joined the Peace Corps and been
      superb volunteers. But he said there has always been a "clear
      separation" between the two kinds of service. The new recruitment
      program "eats away at the purity of the Peace Corps as designed by
      Kennedy, which is that it was not going to be military," he said.

      So far, the number of enlistees is tiny compared with the 1.4 million
      men and women serving in the military, but large compared with the
      Peace Corps, which receives about 12,000 applications to fill about
      4,000 openings each year.

      In 2004 and the first five months of this year, 4,301 people entered
      the armed services under the National Call to Service program. Of
      those, 2,935 enlisted in the Navy, 614 in the Air Force, 444 in the
      Army and 308 in the Marines. Pentagon and Peace Corps officials said
      they have no way of knowing how many will apply to the Peace Corps
      when they become eligible to do so in 2007 or 2008.

      In his 2002 State of the Union address, Bush called for doubling the
      size of the Peace Corps, from 7,000 to 14,000 volunteers, within five
      years. That same year, the administration named a career Navy officer
      with 12 years of experience in military recruiting to head the Peace
      Corps' recruitment and selection office.

      Since then, however, the Corps has grown by little more than 10
      percent. Barbara Daly, a spokeswoman for the Corps, said that tight
      budgets -- rather than a shortage of qualified candidates -- were
      the reason.

      "The president has been very supportive of the Peace Corps and has
      requested budget increases each fiscal year that would allow for
      this" gradual doubling, she said. "Congress has not approved our
      budget at the levels requested by the president."

      Jonathan Pearson
      Advocacy Coordinator
      National Peace Corps Association
      1900 L Street NW, Suite 205
      Washington, DC 20036
      202-293-7728, ext. 21
      fax: 202-293-7554

      Please note: The materials and information included in this listserv
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      endorsement by the National Peace Corps Association. Postings to
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      We encourage subscribers to pass the information along to colleagues
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      To join the National Peace Corps Association, renew your membership
      or to make a financial contribution in support of our programs, go to

      Judith H. Whitney-Terry
      346 Tonset Road
      Orleans MA 02653-2109
      --- End forwarded message ---
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