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Re: [orthodox-synod] Hieromartyr Seraphim of Dmitrov - part 3

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  • VladMoss@aol.com
    The journey lasted a month. On May 16, he arrived in Ust-Sysolsk, where the venerable Metropolitan Cyril of Kazan was living. The hierarchs comforted each
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 23, 2003
      The journey lasted a month. On May 16, he arrived in Ust-Sysolsk, where
      the venerable Metropolitan Cyril of Kazan was living. The hierarchs comforted
      each other and then parted again. Vladyka Seraphim was sent to the remote
      village of Vizinga, where he was at the end of 1924 and the beginning of
      1925. There, in a simple peasant's hut in an ocean of forests, the hierarch
      and his two companions settled. Soon a house church was built, and the
      everyday services took up all their free time. The exiled hierarch gave
      himself to prayer for his flock, while his flock remained faithful to their
      lawful hierarch, not joining the renovationists.

      "Only here, in saving exile," wrote Vladyka Seraphim to his friend
      Vladyka Arsenius, "have I learned what seclusion and prayer is."

      And here he received food and clothing from his spiritual children, who
      wrote to him about their sorrows and needs. Vladyka replied to them in
      writing, comforting them and not allowing the renovationists to build their
      nest in his diocese.

      Thus passed two years.

      On the day of the Annunciation, 1925, Vladyka Seraphim rejoiced at the
      news that he had been freed from exile. On the next day, however, he was
      greatly saddened to hear that the patriarch had died. On May 4, he arrived in
      Moscow, having stopped at Sergiev Posad for confession with his elder, Fr.
      Alexis.

      The Church in Moscow was in a pitiful state. Metropolitan Peter of
      Krutitsa, the patriarch's successor, was not trusted by many of the pastors
      and archpastors of Moscow, and the venerable hierarchs did not want to submit
      to a hierarch who had only just become a monk. But the pure-hearted Vladyka
      Seraphim understood that the metropolitan was the most worthy successor to
      the patriarch. He knew that Patriarch Tikhon had been greatly comforted by
      Metropolitan Peter's devotion, faithfulness and love for him. And by
      supporting the locum tenens in his turn, Vladyka Seraphim helped to reconcile
      the Muscovite clergy with Metropolitan Peter.

      Vladyka Seraphim spent the summer in the Borisoglebsk Anosin monastery
      in Moscow diocese. In the autumn Metropolitan Peter appointed Vladyka
      Seraphim, together with other vicar-bishops, to take his place in Moscow. He
      knew that he would not betray the Church of Christ.

      At the end of 1925 Vladyka Seraphim retired to a wooded retreat twenty
      versts from Kubinki station in Zvenigorod uyezd, where there was a house
      church in honour of St. Sabbas of Zvenigorod. Quiet prayer gave peace to the
      soul of the archpastor, and he clearly understood that the enemy would not
      allow Metropolitan Peter to take the helm of the Church again. And in order
      to preserve his independence, Vladyka Seraphim retreated further into the
      catacombs.

      On June 13, 1926 he was exiled to Arzamas. On July 5, 1926, he made a
      pilgrimage to Diveyevo. The timid abbess took fright at the unexpected
      arrival of the popular hierarch and began to constrain him and prevent him
      from performing Church services. Vladyka Seraphim suffered this for a long
      time, but finally by his humility and prayers he won over the abbess. And so
      every day he would celebrate the Liturgy behind closed doors in the
      underground church of the Mother of God "Console my Sorrow", praying for the
      monastery and his orphaned flock. After the Liturgy he would go round St.
      Seraphim's canal and recite "Virgin Mother of God, rejoice!", in accordance
      with St. Seraphim's rule, 150 times.

      Every day he prayed in St. Seraphim's hermitage. And on July 19, the
      feast of the opening of the relics of St. Seraphim, he served in Sarov. (St.
      Seraphim's relics had been removed from the monastery in March, 1926.)
      Thousands of pilgrims participated in the festivities. But soon Vladyka was
      given the order to leave Sarov. Thus just as the first celebration of St.
      Seraphim at Sarov was linked with Fr. John and his son, the future Vladyka
      Seraphim, so the last hierarchical Liturgy in Sarov was celebrated by Vladyka
      Seraphim on August 15, 1926.

      "Where do you want to go?" they asked the exiled archpastor.

      "Only back to my diocese," replied the hierarch.

      "That is impossible!" they replied.

      September 9/22 was Vladyka's last day in Diveyevo. During the night he
      was ordered to go he did not know where. Then in pouring rain he and other
      members of the Diveyevo community were brought to Arzamas. Late at night the
      damp, dark walls of Arzamas prison received the tormented prisoners. In the
      morning the nuns who accompanied him brought him dry, clean clothing. Soon
      the prisoners were taken to Nizhni-Novgorod, where the basement of a
      threatening institution hid the archpastor from the eyes of those who loved
      him. In these difficult trials his gallstone illness got worse, and he was
      given over into the care of a nun who was his adopted daughter. He was
      released on October 8, and on October 17 he was ordered to appear before
      Metropolitan Sergius in Moscow

      Vladyka Seraphim categorically refused to accept Sergius' infamous
      "declaration" of July, 1927, which placed the Church in more or less complete
      submission to the atheists.

      "I am morally incapable of doing that which those who do not love Christ
      the Saviour want," was the reply of the wise confessor.

      "Agree with the proposal," said Metropolitan Sergius, "otherwise you
      will not only land up beyond the Arctic circle, but your lot will be three
      times as bad as that of Metropolitan Peter."

      At this point Vladyka produced a petition that he be retired, expressing
      thereby his refusal to submit his rank and conscience to those who did not
      love the Son of God and His glory.

      Sergius, stunned by the decisive departure of the archpastor, hid
      Vladyka Seraphim's decision from all those round him in order that others
      should not follow his example and retire.

      According to Metropolitan Manuel, Vladyka Seraphim's conversation
      with Metropolitan Sergius took place after the latter's notorious declaration
      of July, 1927, and Archbishop Zenobius of Tambov was also present. Vladyka
      Seraphim and Archbishop Zenobius refused to accede to Sergius' demand that
      they read out his declaration from the ambon to their flocks, which would
      have meant that they agreed with the declaration. Instead, the confessing
      bishops produced (from the sleeves of their cassocks) their petitions, which
      they had prepared earlier just in case. It was at that point that
      Metropolitan Sergius mentioned the Arctic circle, and the island of Khe on
      which Metropolitan Peter was exiled. Apparently, after this the bishops were
      given some time to consider their response. It is not known what Archbishop
      Zenobius did. But Vladyka Seraphim, who had been given the choice of
      returning to his flock or exile in the town of Melenki (on the river Unzhe in
      Vladimir province) if he did not accept the conditions, asked the advice of
      an elder. The elder said:

      "Go to Melenki, and you will be beloved of God."

      Soon Vladyka was ordered to leave Moscow and go to Melenki, where his
      new life in retirement began. For five years he did not leave his house, but
      lived a life of prayer in strict accordance with the typikon. Faithful
      pastors came to seek his advice from Moscow, and his spiritual children also
      visited him.

      Vladyka Seraphim lived with Vladyka Arsenius in the St. Catherine's
      women's monastery until its closure.

      According to one (dubious) source, Vladyka signed the decisions of the
      so-called "Nomadic Council" of the Catacomb Church, which took place in
      various places between March and August, 1928, through Protopriest Paul
      Borotinsky.

      He also wrote (although these words may belong to Hieromartyr Archbishop
      Seraphim of Uglich): "Metropolitan Sergius has fallen away from the Church,
      that is, by his actions he has transgressed the Church canons. Metropolitan
      Sergius no longer remains in the bosom of the Orthodox Church. The Church
      which has recognized righteousness in communism is not a Church… An
      'organization bought at the price of bowing down to the Antichrist is
      unworthy of the Church."

      On Palm Sunday, April 25, 1932, he was imprisoned in Moscow (according
      to another source, Melenki) in connection with the affair of the Moscow
      branch of the True Orthodox Church. For three months he remained in Butyrki,
      sick and weak. On July 7 he was sentenced to three years exile in Kazakhstan.
      On the feast of St. Seraphim he was taken out and put on a train, where his
      spiritual daughter, a nun, was waiting for him. They were taken to Alma-Ata,
      which was overflowing. For two months the hierarch could not find a place to
      stay. He lived on the roof of a poor old man's store-room. He had hardly had
      time to rest on the shed, which was quickly converted into living
      accomodation, when he was again taken away seven thousand kilometres through
      Syzran, Penza, Saratov and Uralsk (on August 1, 1933) to Guryev.

      The unendurable heat of the Caspian played havoc with his health, and
      after seven months he was again taken on a very hard journey to Uralsk. Here
      the sufferer found shelter in a humble little cottage, where he fell victim
      to a bout of malaria that nearly killed him. After recovering from this
      illness, at the beginning of 1935, he was arrested in Uralsk and sentenced to
      three years' exile in Ishim. Sick, and without money or shelter, the exile
      arrived in Ishim. Having settled with his companions in the house of an old
      man, Vladyka gave himself up to prayer and the reading of the Sacred
      Scriptures. Here in his distant exile he was visited by his spiritual
      children.

      On the night of June 23-24, 1937, Bishop Seraphim was arrested in Ishim
      and sentenced to be shot. The sentence was then commuted to ten years in the
      camps without right of correspondence. According to one source, Bishop
      Seraphim and 70 exiled priests were shot in Ishim. According to another, he
      was shot in Omsk on August 26, 1937 and buried in a common grave. According
      to a third source, he was executed on March 13/26, 1937. And according to yet
      another source, this took place in a camp in the Far East.


      (Sources: M.E. Gubonin, Akty Svyatejshego Tikhona, Patriarkha Moskovskogo i
      Vseya Rossii, Moscow: St. Tikhon's Theological Institute, 1994, pp. 889-90;
      "Zhiznennij put' Vladyki Seraphima (Zvezdinskogo) (1883-1937)", Vestnik
      Russkogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, N 133, I-1981; "O svyashchennike
      Seraphime Zvezdinskom", Vestnik Russkogo Khristianskogo Dvizheniya, N 134,
      II-1981; Russkie Pravoslavniye Ierarkhi, Paris: YMCA Press, 1986; Shemetov,
      "Khristos sredi nas!", Moskovskij Tserkovnij Vestnik, May, 1990; Metropolitan
      Manuel Lemeshevsky, Die Russischen Orthodoxen Bischofe von 1893-1965,
      Erlangen, 1989; P.Z. "Vyesti iz Rossii", Pravoslavnaya Rus', no. 24 (1525),
      December 15/28, 1994, p. 11; Bishop Ambrose (von Sivers), "Istoki i svyazi
      Katakombnoj Tserkvi v Leningrade i obl. (1922-1992)", report read at the
      conference "The Historical Path of Orthodoxy in Russia after 1917", Saint
      Petersburg, 1-3 June, 1993; "Katakombnaya Tserkov': Kochuyushchij Sobor 1928
      g.", Russkoye Pravoslaviye, N 3 (7), 1997, p. 19; "Episkopat
      Istinno-Pravoslavnoj Katakombnoj Tserkvi 1922-1997gg.", Russkoye
      Pravoslaviye, N 4(8), 1997, p. 5; Lev Regelson, Tragediya Russkoj Tserkvi,
      1917-1945, Moscow: Krutitskoye patriarsheye podvorye, 1996, pp. 535, 566; Ikh
      Stradaniyami Ochistitsa Rus', Moscow, 1996, p. 75; I.I. Osipova, "Skvoz' Ogn'
      Muchenij i Vody Slyoz", Moscow: Serebryanniye Niti, 1998, p. 261)


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