Below is more about the meaning of "Krasniy" (Red, beautiful):
The land that Red Square is situated on was originally covered with
buildings, but was cleared in Moscow's great fire of 1493. The newly-
opened area (originally known simply as the Pozhar, or "burnt-out
place") gradually came to serve as Moscow's primary marketplace.
Later, it was also used for various public ceremonies and
proclamations, and occasionally as the site of coronation for
Russia's tsars. The square has been gradually built up since that
point, and has been used for official ceremonies by all Russian
governments since it was established.
The name of Red Square derives not from the colour of the bricks
around it, nor from the link between the colour red and Communism.
Rather, the name came about because the Russian word Êðàñíàÿ
(krasnaya) can mean either "red" or "beautiful".
The word was originally applied (with the meaning "beautiful") to
Saint Basil's Cathedral (in fact, the Church of the protection of the
Mother of God, my note), and was subsequently transferred to the
nearby square. It is believed that the square acquired its current
name (replacing the older Pozhar) in the 17th century.
In the Pascal Canon, we sing : "Ïàñõà êðàñíàÿ, Ïàñõà, Ãîñïîäíÿ
Ïàñõà!" "Paskha krasnaya, Paskha, Gospodnaya Paskha!..."
In the song « Vdol po Volge ryekye » (down the Volga river), the
young man sings: "ß çàäóìàëñÿ, Ïðèãîðþíèëñÿ Îá îäíîé äóøå, Êðàñíîé
äåâèöå », "Ya zadumalsya, prigoriunilsya ob odnoy dushe, krasnoy
dyevitse "I came to think and feel sad about a soul, about a
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org
, "Fr. John R. Shaw"
> Michael Tscheekar wrote:
> > Someone was also "scandalized" by the fact that the photo was
> > taken at the Kremlin wall in Red Square. Red Square!
> > Red Square has now also been the venue of Pascha processions and
> > prayers of a quarter of a million pilgrims filling the square on
> > return of the Kazan icon. Red Square is sanctified by the church
> > south end and by the chapel at its north entrance.
> JRS: There is nothing political about the name "Red Square" -- it
has nothing to do with
> The name in Russian, "Krasnaya Ploschad'", might better be
translated as "Beautiful Square"
> -- "krasny" means "beautiful" in Slavonic and older Russian. It was
so named because of the
> many churches and chapels.
> In Christ
> Fr. John R. Shaw