12047PATCH: Enhance simulation networking in Linux
- May 20, 2016Hiya, folks.
I've been playing with NuttX for about a week now, and so far I'm pretty happy
with it. I did find an issue with the simluation's network code, however, so
I set about making it work for my environment (which turned into more
extensive work than I intended, but oh well). Please find information on the
attached patch below. Greg, please feel free to merge if you like it.
This patch enhances networking support for the simulation under Linux.
Includes updated support for Linux TUN/TAP, and the addition of support for
Linux bridge devices.
o Check to see if the d_txavail callback is present before calling it in
the arp send code. This prevents a segfault when simulating the telnetd
daemon with arp send enabled.
o Adjust the simulation's netdriver_loop() so it will detect and respond to
o Do not attempt to take the tap device's hardware address for use by the
simulation. That hardware address belongs to the host end of the link,
not the simulation end. Generate a randomized MAC address instead.
o Do not assign an IP address to the interface on the host side of the TAP
+ Provide two modes: "host route" and "bridge".
+ In host route mode, maintain a host route that points any traffic for the
simulation's IP address to the tap device. In this mode, so long as the
simulation's IP is a free address in the same subnet as the host, no
additional configuration will be required to talk to it from the host.
Note that address changes are handled automatically if they follow the
rule of if-down/set-address/if-up, which everything seems to.
+ In bridge mode, add the tap device to the specified bridge instance. See
configs/sim/NETWORK-LINUX.txt for information and usage examples. This
enables much more flexible configurations (with fewer headaches), such as
running multiple simulations on a single host, all of which can access
the network the host is connected to.
o Refresh configurations in configs/sim where CONFIG_NET=y. They default
to "host route" mode.
o Add configs/sim/NETWORK-LINUX.txt
- The MAC address generation code is extremely simplistic, and does not
check for potential conflicts on the network. Probably not an issue, but
something to be aware of.
- I was careful to leave it in a state where Cygwin/pcap should still work,
but I don't have a Windows environment to test in. This should be
- I don't know if this was ever intended to work with OS X. I didn't even
try to test it there.
- Was able to get telnetd working and simulate nsh over telnet, but only so
long as listen backlogs were disabled.
There appears to be a bug in the backlog code where sockets are being
returned in SYN_RCVD state instead of waiting until they're ESTABLISHED;
if you perform an immediate send after accepting the connection, it will
confuse the stack and the send will hang; additionally, the connection
will never reach ESTABLISHED state.
Can be worked around by adding a sleep(1) after the accept in telnetd. I
don't have the necessary knowledge of the IP stack to know what the
correct fix is.
- If you would prefer this in the form of a merge request, let me know.
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