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7090Re: [NH] Need help with path for PHP incude

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  • Mike Breiding - Morgantown WV
    Mar 7, 2012
    • 0 Attachment
      Rudi,
      Thanks for your elaboration and details below.
      But, I admit it strained my pea sized brain!
      -Mike
      ====================

      On 3/6/2012 11:57 PM, rhorbas@... wrote:
      > Mike Breiding wrote:
      >> On 3/6/2012 5:01 PM, rhorbas@... wrote:
      >>> Mike Breiding - Morgantown WV schrieb am 07.03.2012 00:54:
      >>>> On 3/6/2012 4:42 PM, Rudolf Horbas wrote:
      >>>>> <?php include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] .
      >>>>> '/2011/mtown2gv_nov_2011_p1/w1navigation.php'; ?>
      >>>>> should do it. HTH, Rudi
      >>
      >>>> That did it!
      >>> Great!
      >>>
      >>>> Have you any input on the use of a specific path:
      >>>> http://epicroadtrips.us/2011/mtown2gv_nov_2011_p1/w1navigation.php
      >>>
      >>> What exactly do you mean?
      >>
      >> You answered that here:
      >>
      >>> Yes, you can. Not only will this fail in certain configs
      >>> (allow_url_fopen, allow_url_include): There's no point using a slow http
      >>> request via the network when the file is on the same disk.
      >>> Use an absolute path instead, and prepend it with the server var
      >>> DOCUMENT_ROOT:
      >>>
      >>> <?php
      >>> include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] .
      >>> '/2011/mtown2gv_nov_2011_p1/w1navigation.php';
      >>> ?>
      >
      > That's basically the same -- I'm just elaborating on this specific
      > method of inclusion, because it's rather failsafe.
      >
      > Inclusion of files via http is definitely slower and completely
      > unnecessary here, because php is allowed to get the file via it's own
      > disk system.
      > Getting the file via http has other disadvantages: It's being processed
      > by php first, so any *php* code in the file is not available to the
      > files including it, unless it generates php code itself, which would be
      > really awkward.
      > In other contexts, where you don't have complete control over the
      > included file's contents, it's even a dangerous idea: Any generated php
      > code in the file is being executed in the server's context, so it would
      > be easy to insert malicious code. That's why many server configurations
      > will have disabled it by default.
      >
      > So in a nutshell:
      >
      > Never use this method, unless you have very specific reasons to do so.
      >
      > Relative paths ("../../path/to/include.php") will get you there, albeit
      > it takes some experience to find the correct path.
      >
      > Absolute paths with the server's document root (that's where the files
      > are stored that are accessible via a browser) as a variable will almost
      > always work.
      >
      > Rudi
      >
      >
      > ------------------------------------
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