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9313Re: Njall 106 end + beginning 107 / Alan's Translation

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  • llama_nom
    Jun 3, 2008
      > snýst hann innar eftir búðinni.
      > he turns more-inwards along the booth.

      MM & HP: "At the door he turned once more"

      > hleypur hann innar eftir búðinni
      > he runs more-inside along the booth

      MM & HP: "He ran back into the booth"

      > Þá lukust upp augu hans.
      > Then (it) opened his eyes (ie his eyes opened).

      Not impersonal. 'lukust' (='lukusk') is 3rd person indicative plural,
      agreeing with 'augu'.

      'lúka upp' + dat. or acc. "to open [something]" (transitive).
      'lúkask upp' "to open, be opened" (intransitive)

      Hildr fór til dyranna ok lýkr upp hurðunni
      "Hildr goes to the entrance and opens the door"
      [
      http://www.heimskringla.no/original/fornaldersagaene/halfdanarsagabronufostra.php
      ].

      Kletturinn lýkst upp og hún sér veislu huldufólks.
      "The cliff opens up and she sees a feast of the hidden (fairy) folk."
      [ http://www.hi.is/~gt/sagnavefur/100sagnir/ljuka.htm ].

      > stóð á hamri og kippir að
      > stood on (the) hammer

      See CV 'hamarr' Beta: "The back of an axe" [
      http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/png/oi_cleasbyvigfusson/b0235.png ].
      MM & HP "right up to the hammer", not a term I'm familiar with in
      English - the diagram in the Wikipedia entry suggests "poll" or "butt"
      [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axe ].

      > sem augu hans höfðu upp lokist
      > as (when it) had opened up his eyes

      Not impersonal; see above. 'höfðu' is 3rd person ind. pl., agreeing
      with 'augu'. The intransitive verb 'lúkask' agrees with the nominative
      logical subject, e.g. 'hús hefr upp lokizt' "the house has opened up".
      It's just the simple verb 'lúka' that can be impersonal:

      'því var lokit' "that was finished"
      'var lokit þinginu' "the assembly was finished"
      'er jarl hafði því upp lokit' "when the earl had made it known"
      'áðr en lýkr' "before the end comes"

      > mjög ákveðið
      > much fixed

      MM & HP: "foreordained"

      > "því að slíkt er mjög ákveðið en viðvörunarvert ef slíkir atburðir
      verða að stinga eigi af stokki við þá er svo nær standa."

      > `because such is much fixed (ie meant to be) but a warning (?)
      (that), if such occurrences happen, to not push away (see under
      stinga, Z2) those who stand so near (ie close relatives).'

      MM & HP: "because such things are foreordained. It is a warning to
      others in similar circumstances never to rebuff those who are so close
      of knin."

      CV 'stokkr': 'stinga af stokki við e-n' (mod. 'stinga e-n af stokki')
      "to prick one out of one's seat".

      > féllu hálfar bætur niður fyrir sakastaði þá er Ámundi þótti á eiga.
      > half (the) compensation fell down (was denied?) because of (the)
      grounds-for-suing which Ámundi seemed to have.

      MM & HP "was remitted". I'd translate 'þótti' "was considered" here,
      rather than "seemed".
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