--- In firstname.lastname@example.org
, BOKAKOB <bokakob@y...> wrote:
> As requested the procedure to run EL type still. Please note that
this applies to all reflux stills. The quantity is oriented toward
what seemingly appears to be standard 5 gal (20 liters) batch at
concentration just about 14%-16% abv
> Setup everything tight and secure after pouring the wash in the
> Have extinguisher for chemical fires handy (some sort of rating
A, B or C)
> Start heating. It is a long process and may require more than
> After you feel the column is hot at half height turn on cooling
> Reduce heat as the thermometer will show 78*C, very often it
will surge past this mark.
> Keep on reducing the heat until temperature will start falling
> At this point note the heat setting and increase the heat that
the temperature is steady 78*C or very near this mark plus-minus
> Start tinkering with cold water by reducing the flow. Watch the
thermometer to keep 78*C and reduce water flow until it is very
little and pretty warm/hot. Usually it is an almost dripping or just
a little bit more with a thickness of a match. Watch 78*C
temperature, and if it is constant you have arrived at the point
where you start collecting the heads. Wait 10 minutes.
> Open the needle valve just to allow dripping. Collect first
100mL at a rate one drip per second. Dispose of it anyway you like
that is garbage and I call it "Foreshots."
> Next keep collecting "Heads." It is usually (in my case)
20% of alcohol to be produced, say one liter (please do your own
> After this stage start collecting "Main cut" in a series
small bottles. It should be approximately 50% of total alcohol to be
in the mash. Keep it.
> Keep on collecting "Tails" until the temperature starts
climbing above 90*C. This should go in the next batch for
> Clean equipment and you may want to re-use 30% of wash
leftovers in the boiler for the next batch. Dissolving sugar there
at this time when the wash is hot seems to be a fine idea.
> This is very basic directive.
> Why not all the members collaborate on this skeleton and add
little things that need to be mentioned? Cheers, Alex
One or two small things that I find useful you may wish to add to
When the column is being balanced, the flow of cooling water is much
easier to control if you use a needle valve, and be sure to install
it at the VERY END of the pipe system where the water runs to waste.
This means that adjustments have an immediate effect, and the flow
changes are instantly visible.
On my EL I noticed that the temperature at the vent hole on top
hovers 2 or 3 degrees either side of 50C when the column is
balanced. I did NOT measure down the hole but, with a probe tip
sitting loosely IN the hole. This may prove to be a useful
indication that you are not loosing product to the air.