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Re: Help!! What am I doing wrong

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  • hal031235@hotmail.com
    Hi Ian thanks for the reply, I filled 25litres in a 50litre boiler, I don t know was that too much? I had about 20cm head space to the top of the still
    Message 1 of 15 , Nov 5, 2001
      Hi Ian
      thanks for the reply, I filled 25litres in a 50litre boiler, I don't
      know was that too much? I had about 20cm head space to the top of the
      still entrance.

      I haven't had a succesful run as yet, this was the first attempt at
      full distillation.

      PS. I had a glass thermometer and a digital one, so the temps were
      correct

      regards
      Ron
      --- In new_distillers@y..., Ian Macsween <ianelamacsween@s...> wrote:
      > I'll give your problem some thought and get back to you later. The
      first
      > thing that occurred to me was - did you leave enough "head space".
      The only
      > time that I had a problem of vapour escaping was when I filled the
      boiler
      > too full.
      > Your temperatures sound a little strange - I only have one
      thermometer -
      > inserted in the still head cover. I start the water running at 65c
      and
      > start to get distillate at about 78c. My still will boil for at
      least 5
      > more hours before the temp. rises to the cut off point. I do not
      know if
      > you have too many scrubbers - have you had any previous successful
      runs
      > using the same set-up? from Ian
      >
      > Original Message -----
      > From: <hal031235@h...>
      > To: <new_distillers@y...>
      > Sent: Monday, November 05, 2001 6:49 AM
      > Subject: [new_distillers] Help!! What am I doing wrong
      >
      >
      > > Hi
      > >
      > > can someone help please? As described in my previous posts, I have
      > > been having problems sealing my still. I figured that I had them
      > > finally cracked when I stripped 50litres of distilled sugar wash
      and
      > > there was only a little vapour escape.
      > >
      > > So today I set the still up to have my first go at distilling
      about
      > > 25 litres of 30% stripped beer. It took about 50 minutes with my
      3Kw
      > > heater to get up to a boil, I had set the reflux condensor to
      about
      > > 500ml / min as per Tony's recent post on setup and waited for the
      > > temperature to rise, but it would not go above 25c at the top of
      the
      > > still even though I could hear a very strong boiling noise in the
      > > boiler and a gurgling sound in the still itself.
      > >
      > > So I switched off the boiler in case liquid was being pushed up
      the
      > > condensor tube (42mm). I then started up again, still no
      temperature
      > > increase at the top (20c) with 500ml/min through the reflux
      > > condensor, so I reduced the water flow and the temperature
      started to
      > > rise (and so did the water temperature out of the condensor, which
      > > was hot, but not so hot that I could not put my finger in it) and
      the
      > > temperature started to rise to about 49c. Whilst I was watching
      the
      > > temperature increase I hadn't noticed liquid pouring out of the
      > > output tube, I propped a measure under it and in about 2 minutes
      had
      > > 250ml of distillate, the temperature was moving around 49ish C. I
      > > tried to increase the water flow in the reflux condensor and
      turned
      > > it up to full ( I estimate that would be 3-4litres per minute, but
      > > could n't stop liquid being condensed, so again I switched the
      boiler
      > > off. Whilst all this was going on, I am still having some vapour
      > > escaping frm the boiler lid. Have I too many ss scrubbers (17)in
      the
      > > 1.2m tube, is this cuaing too much pressur eto build up in the
      still?
      > >
      > > I checked the liquid that I had collected - it is 92% alcohol,
      > > doesn't smell of anything (certainly not acetone) and a licked
      finger
      > > is tasteless except of alcohol (more the sensation on the tongue
      than
      > > the taste)
      > >
      > > Please help, what have I done wrong??
      > >
      > > regards
      > > Ron
      > >
      > >
      > > To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to:
      > > new_distillers-unsubscribe@onelist.com
      > >
      > >
      > >
      > > Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to
      http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/
      > >
      > >
    • Ian Macsween
      Should have been lots of headspace - no problem there! Can you tell me a little about your still - mine is very simple and I ve had no problems. But one of
      Message 2 of 15 , Nov 5, 2001
        Should have been lots of headspace - no problem there! Can you tell me a
        little about your still - mine is very simple and I've had no problems. But
        one of the first things I did was test it out by just distilling water -
        takes longer than moonshine - but we don't mind wasting it. P.s. if you got
        92% or so thats good - when I run 30 litres I get almost a full gallon - 4
        litres -of approx 88% - get back to me - hope others join in - but for the
        moment try cooking off a batch of water.
        ----- Original Message -----
        From: <hal031235@...>
        To: <new_distillers@yahoogroups.com>
        Sent: Monday, November 05, 2001 1:43 PM
        Subject: [new_distillers] Re: Help!! What am I doing wrong


        > Hi Ian
        > thanks for the reply, I filled 25litres in a 50litre boiler, I don't
        > know was that too much? I had about 20cm head space to the top of the
        > still entrance.
        >
        > I haven't had a succesful run as yet, this was the first attempt at
        > full distillation.
        >
        > PS. I had a glass thermometer and a digital one, so the temps were
        > correct
        >
        > regards
        > Ron
        > --- In new_distillers@y..., Ian Macsween <ianelamacsween@s...> wrote:
        > > I'll give your problem some thought and get back to you later. The
        > first
        > > thing that occurred to me was - did you leave enough "head space".
        > The only
        > > time that I had a problem of vapour escaping was when I filled the
        > boiler
        > > too full.
        > > Your temperatures sound a little strange - I only have one
        > thermometer -
        > > inserted in the still head cover. I start the water running at 65c
        > and
        > > start to get distillate at about 78c. My still will boil for at
        > least 5
        > > more hours before the temp. rises to the cut off point. I do not
        > know if
        > > you have too many scrubbers - have you had any previous successful
        > runs
        > > using the same set-up? from Ian
        > >
        > > Original Message -----
        > > From: <hal031235@h...>
        > > To: <new_distillers@y...>
        > > Sent: Monday, November 05, 2001 6:49 AM
        > > Subject: [new_distillers] Help!! What am I doing wrong
        > >
        > >
        > > > Hi
        > > >
        > > > can someone help please? As described in my previous posts, I have
        > > > been having problems sealing my still. I figured that I had them
        > > > finally cracked when I stripped 50litres of distilled sugar wash
        > and
        > > > there was only a little vapour escape.
        > > >
        > > > So today I set the still up to have my first go at distilling
        > about
        > > > 25 litres of 30% stripped beer. It took about 50 minutes with my
        > 3Kw
        > > > heater to get up to a boil, I had set the reflux condensor to
        > about
        > > > 500ml / min as per Tony's recent post on setup and waited for the
        > > > temperature to rise, but it would not go above 25c at the top of
        > the
        > > > still even though I could hear a very strong boiling noise in the
        > > > boiler and a gurgling sound in the still itself.
        > > >
        > > > So I switched off the boiler in case liquid was being pushed up
        > the
        > > > condensor tube (42mm). I then started up again, still no
        > temperature
        > > > increase at the top (20c) with 500ml/min through the reflux
        > > > condensor, so I reduced the water flow and the temperature
        > started to
        > > > rise (and so did the water temperature out of the condensor, which
        > > > was hot, but not so hot that I could not put my finger in it) and
        > the
        > > > temperature started to rise to about 49c. Whilst I was watching
        > the
        > > > temperature increase I hadn't noticed liquid pouring out of the
        > > > output tube, I propped a measure under it and in about 2 minutes
        > had
        > > > 250ml of distillate, the temperature was moving around 49ish C. I
        > > > tried to increase the water flow in the reflux condensor and
        > turned
        > > > it up to full ( I estimate that would be 3-4litres per minute, but
        > > > could n't stop liquid being condensed, so again I switched the
        > boiler
        > > > off. Whilst all this was going on, I am still having some vapour
        > > > escaping frm the boiler lid. Have I too many ss scrubbers (17)in
        > the
        > > > 1.2m tube, is this cuaing too much pressur eto build up in the
        > still?
        > > >
        > > > I checked the liquid that I had collected - it is 92% alcohol,
        > > > doesn't smell of anything (certainly not acetone) and a licked
        > finger
        > > > is tasteless except of alcohol (more the sensation on the tongue
        > than
        > > > the taste)
        > > >
        > > > Please help, what have I done wrong??
        > > >
        > > > regards
        > > > Ron
        > > >
        > > >
        > > > To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to:
        > > > new_distillers-unsubscribe@onelist.com
        > > >
        > > >
        > > >
        > > > Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to
        > http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/
        > > >
        > > >
        >
        >
        >
        > To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to:
        > new_distillers-unsubscribe@onelist.com
        >
        >
        >
        > Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/
        >
        >
      • Tony & Elle Ackland
        Ron,I ve had another look at your photos (in the photos section at www.yahoogroups.com) , and your description in posting #1130, and I m confused.Could
        Message 3 of 15 , Nov 5, 2001
          Ron,

          I've had another look at your photos (in the photos section at
          www.yahoogroups.com) , and your description in posting #1130, and I'm
          confused.

          Could you please explain your still setup & how you're using it ? It
          appears to be a hybrid of a couple of designs

          As I seem to understand it ...
          You have a boiler, with a 1.2m x 42mm diam column vertically off it.
          Above that, you have a further 70cm which has a reflux condensor in it
          To the side is a second condensor & offtake ?
          Whats the other little leg on the far right ?

          But I cant work out where the cooling water flows go, or the vapour path -
          can you please describe them in more detail.

          Do you intend for most of the vapour to go up to the first reflux condensor
          in the top 70cm, and get condensed to drip back down into the column.
          You'll be controlling the amount of water to this coil, to ensure that not
          all the vapour gets condensed, but that some (say 1 in 5) will get past, to
          go over the top, and get condensed in the second condensor & kept ? Sorta
          like that drawn in option (2) of
          http:\\homedistiller.org\graphics\condensors.gif ??

          You've confused me by calling the second condensor a Nixon-Stone one.
          Thats because the NS operates slightly differently, by condensing all the
          vapour in one location, then managing the proportions of liquid that get
          kept & refluxed (by throttling the offtake, and overflowing the remainder).
          (See the photos in http:\\homedistiller.org\photos-ns.htm , or option (3)
          of the first diagram)

          Whereabouts is your thermometer mounted ? Above the first condensor, on
          the way to the second one ?

          The 500mL/min I talk about is with the NS setup - where I'm trying to
          condense all the vapour. If you put that much through just your primary
          reflux coil, then you're likely to get none of it passing over to the
          second one.

          If you can describe the vapour paths & cooling water route I might get a
          better idea of whats going on.
          Maybe draw a wee diagram ??

          Tony
        • Bposs112@aol.com
          my personal opion is that you have to many scrubbs. and marbles if you use them ive been there and done that. i have cut mine back to almost nothing. and it
          Message 4 of 15 , Nov 6, 2001
            my personal opion  is that you have to many scrubbs. and marbles if you use them ive been there and done that. i have cut mine back to almost nothing. and it has made things much easier.. good luck
          • hal031235@hotmail.com
            Thanks I ll give it a go. I ve been thinking about it and t make sense that if I have surging of the liquid distillate due to the large numbers of scrubbers as
            Message 5 of 15 , Nov 6, 2001
              Thanks I'll give it a go.

              I've been thinking about it and t make sense that if I have surging
              of the liquid distillate due to the large numbers of scrubbers as
              well as increasing the pressure in the boiler causing the leakage I
              am getting.

              Tomorrow I will reduce it from 17 to 14 and see what happens

              thanks for the advice

              Ron
              --- In new_distillers@y..., Bposs112@a... wrote:
              > my personal opion is that you have to many scrubbs. and marbles if
              you use
              > them ive been there and done that. i have cut mine back to almost
              nothing.
              > and it has made things much easier.. good luck
            • hal031235@hotmail.com
              Thanks a lot - it works!! I tried 14 then 11 scrubbers and it works great, no leaks (less pressure) and 94% alcohol as I speak pouring forth! Didn t get much
              Message 6 of 15 , Nov 7, 2001
                Thanks a lot - it works!!

                I tried 14 then 11 scrubbers and it works great, no leaks (less
                pressure) and 94% alcohol as I speak pouring forth!

                Didn't get much in the way of heads, but since this is my 5th attempt
                I imagine lots of things have boiled off in previous attempts. The
                valve I am using for controlling water flow is not sensitive enought
                to control the temperature, kind of off / on. I will look for a 15mm
                needle valve to replace it

                thanks Bposs

                regards
                Ron

                --- In new_distillers@y..., hal031235@h... wrote:
                > Thanks I'll give it a go.
                >
                > I've been thinking about it and t make sense that if I have surging
                > of the liquid distillate due to the large numbers of scrubbers as
                > well as increasing the pressure in the boiler causing the leakage I
                > am getting.
                >
                > Tomorrow I will reduce it from 17 to 14 and see what happens
                >
                > thanks for the advice
                >
                > Ron
                > --- In new_distillers@y..., Bposs112@a... wrote:
                > > my personal opion is that you have to many scrubbs. and marbles
                if
                > you use
                > > them ive been there and done that. i have cut mine back to almost
                > nothing.
                > > and it has made things much easier.. good luck
              • Bposs112@aol.com
                YOUR WELCOME
                Message 7 of 15 , Nov 7, 2001
                  YOUR WELCOME
                • hal031235@hotmail.com
                  Hi Tony ... I m confused. Could you please explain your still setup & how you re using it ? It appears to be a hybrid of a couple of designs Yes, it is a
                  Message 8 of 15 , Nov 14, 2001
                    Hi Tony

                    Here is some answers:

                    --- In new_distillers@y..., Tony & Elle Ackland <Tony.Ackland@c...>
                    wrote:
                    > Ron,
                    >
                    > I've had another look at your photos (in the photos section at
                    > www.yahoogroups.com) , and your description in posting #1130, and
                    I'm confused. Could you please explain your still setup & how you're
                    using it ? It appears to be a hybrid of a couple of designs

                    Yes, it is a hybrid of some of the designs from your web site, a
                    combination of a coiled reflux design with a secondary NS condenser.

                    > As I seem to understand it ...
                    > You have a boiler, with a 1.2m x 42mm diam column vertically off it.
                    > Above that, you have a further 70cm which has a reflux condenser in
                    it to the side is a second condenser & offtake ?

                    Yes, the first is a coil in the 70cm section, the second condenser is
                    the NS design from your site, except it is "upside down" with a
                    couple of extra pieces to allow the distillate flow to be contained.

                    > Whats the other little leg on the far right ?

                    The other little leg is the vapour outlet, I made it large in
                    diameter to there it would match the vapour path all the way through
                    the still, ie not be a constraint, also, so that if I added a valve
                    on the 8mm outflow, I could measure the distillate volume by shutting
                    the valve and then releasing the distillate after measurement.

                    > But I can't work out where the cooling water flows go, or the
                    vapour path - can you please describe them in more detail.

                    The flow is in through the top valves and out throught the bottom.
                    Right to the reflux coil, left to the NS condensor. Taking advice
                    from your site you said cool water should enter at the point
                    furtherest away from the vapour flow, which it does for the coil
                    condensor. Since the NS condensor is "upside-down" although the water
                    enters at the top, it actually comes in contact with vapour flow at
                    the "bottom" last, i.e its coldest at the bottom, since it passes
                    down a tube to the base and then back up where the wall of the
                    cooling water. But since its sole purpose is to condense the vapour
                    that I wish to "drink" it really doesn't matter!

                    > Do you intend for most of the vapour to go up to the first reflux
                    condensor in the top 70cm, and get condensed to drip back down into
                    the column.

                    Exactly.

                    > You'll be controlling the amount of water to this coil, to ensure
                    that not all the vapour gets condensed, but that some (say 1 in 5)
                    will get past, to go over the top, and get condensed in the second
                    condensor & kept ? Sorta like that drawn in option (2) of
                    http:\\homedistiller.org\graphics\condensors.gif ??

                    Exactly again, that's where I got the idea from. The only change I
                    would make is that the valve that controls the water flow to the
                    reflux condensor isn't "fine" enough in its control. I need a needle
                    valve, but haven't found a 15mm valve suitable as yet, so there was a
                    bit of mcuking about to get the reflux right.


                    > You've confused me by calling the second condensor a Nixon-Stone
                    one. Thats because the NS operates slightly differently, by
                    condensing all the vapour in one location, then managing the
                    proportions of liquid that get kept & refluxed (by throttling the
                    offtake, and overflowing the remainder).

                    (See the photos in http:\\homedistiller.org\photos-ns.htm , or option
                    (3) of the first diagram)

                    I meant that it was an NS design condensor, that is jsy the condensor
                    not the reflux mechanism, again from your site. I decided against
                    managing the proportion of liquid back because I was concerned
                    by "flooding" the condensors ability to condense the alcohol vapour
                    and vapour escaping. Having now actually run the still it probably is
                    over engineered and I could have done it that way.

                    > Whereabouts is your thermometer mounted ? Above the first
                    condensor, on the way to the second one ?
                    >
                    Yes, I have a digital thermometer probe at the top of the first
                    column.

                    > The 500mL/min I talk about is with the NS setup - where I'm trying
                    to condense all the vapour. If you put that much through just your
                    primary reflux coil, then you're likely to get none of it passing
                    over to the second one.

                    Yes, you're right. To get total reflux 500ml/min was more than enough
                    when I got the SS packing density right to stop surging through the
                    column. When I was refluxing enough to get 94%, it was a lot less, I
                    didn't measure it, but it was probably 200ml or less.
                    >
                    > If you can describe the vapour paths & cooling water route I might
                    get a better idea of whats going on. Maybe draw a wee diagram ??

                    Happy to draw one out, I will post it in a couple of days.

                    thanks for all your help, other are selling lesser designs and ideas
                    all over the web that you are generously giving away.

                    I would say the the design produced 7 litres of 94%+ ethanol in
                    3hours flawlessly and a monkey could run it if I had a needle valve
                    on the water flow control (one probably was running it, just no one
                    has broken me the bad news as yet!!)


                    regards
                    Ron
                  • hal031235@hotmail.com
                    Hi Tony I have now uploaded a design drawing in the same section as the photos of my still, hope it makes more sense now. What do you think? regards Ron ...
                    Message 9 of 15 , Nov 15, 2001
                      Hi Tony
                      I have now uploaded a design drawing in the same section as the
                      photos of my still, hope it makes more sense now.

                      What do you think?
                      regards
                      Ron
                      --- In new_distillers@y..., Tony & Elle Ackland <Tony.Ackland@c...>
                      wrote:
                      > Ron,
                      >
                      > I've had another look at your photos (in the photos section at
                      > www.yahoogroups.com) , and your description in posting #1130, and
                      I'm
                      > confused.
                      >
                      > Could you please explain your still setup & how you're using it ?
                      It
                      > appears to be a hybrid of a couple of designs
                      >
                      > As I seem to understand it ...
                      > You have a boiler, with a 1.2m x 42mm diam column vertically off it.
                      > Above that, you have a further 70cm which has a reflux condensor in
                      it
                      > To the side is a second condensor & offtake ?
                      > Whats the other little leg on the far right ?
                      >
                      > But I cant work out where the cooling water flows go, or the vapour
                      path -
                      > can you please describe them in more detail.
                      >
                      > Do you intend for most of the vapour to go up to the first reflux
                      condensor
                      > in the top 70cm, and get condensed to drip back down into the
                      column.
                      > You'll be controlling the amount of water to this coil, to ensure
                      that not
                      > all the vapour gets condensed, but that some (say 1 in 5) will get
                      past, to
                      > go over the top, and get condensed in the second condensor &
                      kept ? Sorta
                      > like that drawn in option (2) of
                      > http:\\homedistiller.org\graphics\condensors.gif ??
                      >
                      > You've confused me by calling the second condensor a Nixon-Stone
                      one.
                      > Thats because the NS operates slightly differently, by condensing
                      all the
                      > vapour in one location, then managing the proportions of liquid
                      that get
                      > kept & refluxed (by throttling the offtake, and overflowing the
                      remainder).
                      > (See the photos in http:\\homedistiller.org\photos-ns.htm , or
                      option (3)
                      > of the first diagram)
                      >
                      > Whereabouts is your thermometer mounted ? Above the first
                      condensor, on
                      > the way to the second one ?
                      >
                      > The 500mL/min I talk about is with the NS setup - where I'm trying
                      to
                      > condense all the vapour. If you put that much through just your
                      primary
                      > reflux coil, then you're likely to get none of it passing over to
                      the
                      > second one.
                      >
                      > If you can describe the vapour paths & cooling water route I might
                      get a
                      > better idea of whats going on.
                      > Maybe draw a wee diagram ??
                      >
                      > Tony
                    • Leslie Rogers
                      ... wrote: Ron, I ve had another look at your photos (in the photos section at
                      Message 10 of 15 , Nov 15, 2001
                        --- Tony & Elle Ackland
                        <Tony.Ackland@...> wrote:
                        <HR>
                        <html><body>
                        <tt>
                        Ron,<BR>
                        <BR>
                        I've had another look at your photos (in the photos
                        section at <BR>
                        www.yahoogroups.com) , and your description in posting
                        #1130, and I'm <BR>
                        confused.<BR>
                        <BR>
                        Could you please explain your still setup & how
                        you're using it ?  It <BR>
                        appears to be a hybrid of a couple of designs<BR>
                        <BR>
                        As I seem to understand it ...<BR>
                        You have a boiler, with a 1.2m x 42mm diam column
                        vertically off it.<BR>
                        Above that, you have a further 70cm which has a reflux
                        condensor in it<BR>
                        To the side is a second condensor & offtake ?<BR>
                        Whats the other little leg on the far right ?<BR>
                        <BR>
                        But I cant work out where the cooling water flows go,
                        or the vapour path - <BR>
                        can you please describe them in more detail.<BR>
                        <BR>
                        Do you intend for most of the vapour to go up to the
                        first reflux condensor <BR>
                        in the top 70cm, and get condensed to drip back down
                        into the column. <BR>
                        You'll be controlling the amount of water to this
                        coil, to ensure that not <BR>
                        all the vapour gets condensed, but that some (say 1 in
                        5) will get past, to <BR>
                        go over the top, and get condensed in the second
                        condensor & kept ?  Sorta <BR>
                        like that drawn in option (2) of <BR>
                        http:\\homedistiller.org\graphics\condensors.gif 
                        ??<BR>
                        <BR>
                        You've confused me by calling the second condensor a
                        Nixon-Stone one. <BR>
                        Thats because the NS operates slightly differently,
                        by condensing all the <BR>
                        vapour in one location, then managing the proportions
                        of liquid that get <BR>
                        kept & refluxed (by throttling the offtake, and
                        overflowing the remainder). <BR>
                        (See the photos in
                        http:\\homedistiller.org\photos-ns.htm , or option (3)
                        <BR>
                        of the first diagram)<BR>
                        <BR>
                        Whereabouts is your thermometer mounted ?  Above
                        the first condensor, on <BR>
                        the way to the second one ?<BR>
                        <BR>
                        The 500mL/min I talk about is with the NS setup -
                        where I'm trying to <BR>
                        condense all the vapour.  If you put that much
                        through just your primary <BR>
                        reflux coil, then you're likely to get none of it
                        passing over to the <BR>
                        second one.<BR>
                        <BR>
                        If you can describe the vapour paths & cooling
                        water route I might get a <BR>
                        better idea of whats going on.<BR>
                        Maybe draw a wee diagram ??<BR>
                        <BR>
                        Tony<BR>
                        <BR>
                        </tt>

                        <br>

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                      • Tony & Elle Ackland
                        Ron, ... Thanks - thats cleared it up for me. As pointed out earlier, its going to come down to carefully controlling the amount of reflux, via the flowrate of
                        Message 11 of 15 , Nov 16, 2001
                          Ron,

                          > I have now uploaded a design drawing in the same section as the
                          > photos of my still, hope it makes more sense now.
                          > What do you think?

                          Thanks - thats cleared it up for me.

                          As pointed out earlier, its going to come down to carefully controlling the
                          amount of reflux, via the flowrate of cooling water there (and the
                          temperature of that water), but provided you keep an eye on the collection
                          rate, you should have a good feel for how much is being returned.

                          You're now having sucess with less/looser packing ?

                          Tony
                        • hal031235@hotmail.com
                          H Tony I ve come to the conclusion that not all (pot) scrubbers are created equal and I must have been using larger ones? regards Ron ... controlling the ...
                          Message 12 of 15 , Nov 16, 2001
                            H Tony

                            I've come to the conclusion that not all (pot) scrubbers are created
                            equal and I must have been using larger ones?

                            regards
                            Ron

                            --- In new_distillers@y..., Tony & Elle Ackland <Tony.Ackland@c...>
                            wrote:
                            > Ron,
                            >
                            > > I have now uploaded a design drawing in the same section as the
                            > > photos of my still, hope it makes more sense now.
                            > > What do you think?
                            >
                            > Thanks - thats cleared it up for me.
                            >
                            > As pointed out earlier, its going to come down to carefully
                            controlling the
                            > amount of reflux, via the flowrate of cooling water there (and the
                            > temperature of that water), but provided you keep an eye on the
                            collection
                            > rate, you should have a good feel for how much is being returned.
                            >
                            > You're now having sucess with less/looser packing ?
                            >
                            > Tony
                          • D. C.
                            Hi all: A couple days ago Tony had made a comment about a new book. It can be found at:
                            Message 13 of 15 , Nov 16, 2001
                              Hi all:

                              A couple days ago Tony had made a comment about a new book. It can be found
                              at:

                              http://www.amphora-society.com/The_Compleat_Distiller/the_compleat_distiller
                              .html

                              I'm writing to tell you that I purchased the book, and it is one of the most
                              complete distilling books that I have come across so far. Just about
                              everything under the sun about distilling is in this book. I highly
                              recommend purchasing this book. If you only are able to buy one book, this
                              should be it.

                              I even had some issues (my problem, not theirs) buying the book, and Mike
                              Nixon was kind enough to go out of his way to correct the problem (again, it
                              was my problem, not theirs) to make sure that I was happy. So, customer
                              service is the best that I have seen in a long time.

                              I just thought that I would pass along my thoughts about the book incase
                              anyone was thinking about buying it.

                              Your Brother in Magick,
                              David M. Cunningham
                              email@...

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                              transmission in error, please delete it from your system without copying or
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