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  • Gregor Schwarb
    Regarding Philippe VALLAT (LEM-IFPO) : I - «Quelques nouvelles (?) de Harrân et de Simplicius dans les sources arabes ». II - «Les scholies d Ibn al-Samh
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 11, 2008
      Regarding Philippe VALLAT (LEM-IFPO) : I - «Quelques nouvelles (?) de
      Harrân et de Simplicius dans les sources arabes ». II - «Les scholies
      d'Ibn al-Samh sur Physique, IV, 219b et le commentaire de Simplicius sur
      la Physique»: The manuscript Peter & Philippe are referring to is the
      famous Codex Leiden, University Library, Or. 583, entitled Sharh al-sama'
      al-tabi'i which contains, besides the Arabic translation of Aristotle’s
      Physics, commentaries and glosses by several scholars of the Christian
      Aristotelian school of Baghdad (A. Badawi’s edition of the Arabic
      translation of the Physics and the glosses (not all of them!) is based on
      this MS: Aristutalis: al-Tabi'a, 2 vols., Cairo 1964-1965). The MS was
      copied in 1129-1130 by Abu l-Hakam al-Ma‘arri al-Maghribi. It derives not
      directly, but by one remove from a copy in the handwriting of the
      Mu'tazilite scholar Abu l-Husayn al-Basri, d. 436/1044 (who studied with
      two well-known representatives of the Christian Aristotelian school of
      Baghdad, namely Abu ‘Ali Ibn al-Samh, d. 418/1027, and Abu l-Faraj ‘Abdallah
      b. al-Tayyib, d. 435/1043; see W. Madelung, “Abu l-Husayn al-Basri’s
      Proof for the Existence of God”, in Arabic Theology, arabic Philosophy
      ..., ed. J. E. Montgomery, Leuven 2006, pp. 273–280; G. Schwarb, “Sahl b.
      al-Fadl al-Tustari’s Kitab al-Ima'”, in Ginzei Qedem 2 (2006), pp.
      61*–105*). Abu l-Husayn’s masnuscript comprised twenty-four quires and
      was collated with a copy of Yahya b. ‘Adi. Stern’s, Giannakis’s and
      Lettinck’s studies of this codex [S. M. Stern, “Ibn al-Samh”, in The
      Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1956), pp. 31–44; E. Giannakis,
      beginning with his 1992 Oxford Ph.D. thesis, Philoponus in the Arabic
      Tradition of Aristotle’s Physics, and several subsequent articles, esp.
      in the Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften;
      P. Lettinck, Aristotle’s Physics and its Reception in the Arabic World,
      Leiden 1994; idem, “Introduction”, in Philoponus On Aristotle’s Physics
      5–8 from the Arabic Summary, Ithaca 1994, pp. 3–18] have shown that the
      glosses of Abu Bishr Matta b. Yunus al-Qunna’i (d. 320/940), Yahya Ibn
      ‘Adi, Abu ‘Ali Ibn al-Samh and Abu l-Faraj Ibn al-Tayyib largely depend
      on Philoponus’ (Yahya al-Nahwi's) commentary on the Physics.

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