EACH INDIVIDUAL IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RESULTS OF HIS/HER ACTION - MY RESPON
- Dear Mukto-mona Editor:
I would appreciate very much for your publishing the following write-up on
my responses to many questions asked of my previous write up. Thanking you.
Mohammad S Choudhury
�EACH INDIVIDUAL IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RESULTS OF HIS/HER ACTION� - MY
RESPONSES TO MANY QUESTIONS ASKED
Several questions were asked and raised on my writing �EACH INDIVIDUAL IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RESULTS OF HIS/HER ACTION. I am sorry I do not have
enough time to answer all questions individually. I hope the following
write-up would give some answers to those questions.
In my writing I brought a few questions, unfortunately no one dealt with my
questions while many of the readers brought several other irrelevant
questions. In my writing I brought some scenario wherein the issues of the
�Human Soul� and some other aspects of human beings that exist as intangible
things and can be perceived.
I have explained that there are many aspects of human beings that are
similar in characteristics but quite different in shape, color, texture,
etc., which we can see, measure and quantify them. I also explained that
there are many intangible things in human beings that may not be similar but
we can perceive them. Mr. Asghar said that what he perceived as life in
brain was a perception of those animals which could move, talk, and do some
kind of actions. However, the point I was trying to bring is that in human
beings there are many aspects such as love, fear, envy, hate, intelligence,
etc. that exist, are intangible and we can perceive them. Most modern
science cannot have even given any clue to measure any of them, weigh them
or analyze them. Such things cannot be scientifically quantified. But they
exist and we can perceive them. The way we perceive them and amount of our
perception also cannot be quantified by any scientific means as far as I
know. If any one of you know any scientific methodology to quantify any of
those aspects of a human being I would love to learn them. I know I get
angry and my wife gets angry too. But her anger is much less than mine and
so she can control her anger while I am angry. I have not heard of any
scientific method by which I can measure my anger, her anger, and control
that anger. But the �anger� exists and you cannot deny that. Where is that
anger? Where is my hate? Where is my love? How can we measure and quantify
these? Can you answer all these questions? This way your or our own �Self�
exists. This intangible thing that exist in us and cannot be scientifically
quantified is the thing that is �Nafs� in Arabic or �Ruh� and �Soul� in
English. It exists and there is no doubt about its existence but some people
deny its existence. Depending on the amount of perception an individual
human being has, the understanding of the existence of �SOUL� would vary
and as such its idea of existence.
As most modern science has not given any methodology of quantifying anger,
hate, love, etc. so is in the case of �Nafs�. My anger can come and go; so
my hate and love. So also my �Nafs� or �Ruh�. When the �Ruh� goes away from
the body, everything remains in tact which are tangible but the intangible
things also go away. We have no way of measuring them and only way we can
understand is by our intangible thing perception. However, the most
uncorrupted book of the �Revealed Knowledge�, the �Qur�an� explains this
�Ruh� very clearly:
And they ask you concerning the �Ruh�, Say: �The �Ruh� is from an
of my Rab (i.e. Allah). And you (i.e. mankind) have not been
knowledge except a little.�
From the above verse we understand that �Ruh� is something from an order of
Allah (swt). In Arabic it is ��Amr� i.e. �Order� and is also intangible
which we cannot see. Suppose I order my son: �Go to your room�. We do not
see that order but it existed. So is the order of the Creator, Allah (swt).
It existed when it was given and continuing to exist for all the time. This
�Ruh� is different from the �Biological life� that exist in human beings or
any other biological thing. We can perceive this or even see this in
biological cells under electron microscope. That is why when a person dies
his several body parts can be transplanted and used in any human body which
has the �Ruh� and these parts can function. While these parts would not
function in the body from which the �Ruh� has left. How the �Ruh� leaves?
Where does it go? Where does it stay thereafter? Modern science has not yet
developed to that extent to explain all these. May be one day such
development would come and we will be able to see such thing like our order.
Until then we will have to depend on our perception i.e. capability of our
perception to understand the existence of �Ruh�.
Another aspect that I brought in my writing was the �Life Hereafter� which
I explained in relation to understanding �Islam�. As explained above
science cannot explain these issues even with modern advancement except
denying the truth and we have to go to the �Revealed Knowledge� for their
full understanding. Many of the questioners on my writing brought out
several of the same age old illusionary questions about Islam with some
touch of modern scientific knowledge that has been gained from the time the
human being started inhabiting this world. All these illusions and questions
are clearly dealt with in the �Qur�an�, the only �Uncorrupted Revealed
Knowledge� now available to the human beings. Further explanation is not
necessary, however, I would give a further try to let people come to
understanding to a certain extent.
Let me relate one famous story. There were nine blind persons living
together and one non-blind person (say his name is John) was helping them in
their day today affairs. One day they all went to a market where a person
was showing an elephant riding. John told the blind people about the
elephant riding and how the elephant was. The blind persons became very
inquisitive and wanted to learn and get the feeling of how the elephant was.
John arranged with the elephant keeper and took all the nine blind persons
to the elephant. Each blind person moved around the elephant, touched it at
several places and learnt/understood how the elephant was. Everybody was
satisfied. When they returned home John asked how they thought the elephant
was. Each person replied in their own way: One said: �the elephant was like
a pillar (he felt the elephant�s big leg)�, another said �it was like a
pipe� (he felt the long nose of the elephant) and so on�. They tried to
explain the elephant by �Cut and Paste� method. So all of their descriptions
together did not even make John understand how the elephant was as he saw
In understanding Islam many of us are doing the same thing like seeing the
elephant by the blind persons. Most of us are trying to understand Islam
from the Qur�an by �Cut and Paste� method and also using the Hadith the same
way. The Qur�an has be taken in as a whole and Islam has to be seen as a
whole like that with a full �Faith� (belief) in it, i.e. with clean �Iman�
in the heart which is a part of Islam. This has been clearly explained in
several verses of the Qur�an when it says: �Ya a�uhal lazina �amano�� [O!
you who have believed i.e. have �Iman�..]. To understand the Qur�an, having
�Iman� is an essential ingredient. �You can make to hear only those who
believe (have iman) in Our Ayats (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.), and (have submitted to Allah in Islam) so they
are Muslims� (30:53). So Islam without �Iman� is no Islam. And Islam cannot
be seen and understood properly without �Iman�.
No doubt many people understood Islam according to the extent of their
learning and knowledge. And thus, they followed it according to that extent
and still there are many people in this world who are following Islam
according to their own understanding and knowledge. Each human being is
created different in many respects while in some respects they are very
similar such as each has two hands, two legs, one head, etc. But the
capacity to remember, memorize, feel, understand, comprehend something and
act accordingly varies so much so that each individual is different and
his/her way of doing the things. And thus, understanding and following any
culture, religion, or for that matter any civil law/code varies
The next point that I would bring here is �Freedom�. One day my colleague,
Russell, was trying to fill in his �Tax Return Forms� and became very
annoyed and said: �Why on earth we have to do all these? Why are we not free
to do whatever we like? Why I even cannot drive my car the way I like? Why I
could not make my driveway as I liked it. I have to take permission from the
county and for that matter I have to deposit $1000.00 as a security deposit.
If I have followed the county laws and regulations my security money will be
returned or else it will be forfeited or some money deducted depending on
how much I have obeyed the county laws and regulations. So also I have to
follow so many rules and regulations in my job or else I will loose my job.
Where is my freedom? In almost all aspects of my life I have to follow one
rule, regulation or a law or the other. So where is my freedom?� For Russell
there was no freedom, he did not find any freedom in his life in these
United States. Such is true for all of us wherever we are living since we
all have to live in a society/community/county or for that matter in any
country. This means that no one is free and each one of us has to follow
and obey some laws and regulations irrespective of where we are. All these
laws and regulations are man made laws and regulations and we are not free
but to abide by, obey and follow them. Or else we would be punished to the
extent as the laws permit.
These laws vary depending on where we are and the capacity to violate these
laws also varies depending on where we are. Tax laws that were mentioned
above have to be strictly followed in these United States or else there may
be an audit and someone may have to give heavy penalty for evading any tax.
Similar is the case for several other laws and regulations in many aspects
of human life which a person has to abide by, obey and follow without any
question whether the person likes them or not, whether they are in his/her
favor or not, whether he/she considers them beneficial for him/her or not.
The following things are to be noted:
1) The laws and regulations,
2) The implementation of these laws and
3) The punishment for violation of these laws and
In most places in Bangladesh a person can build a house anyway he/she likes.
There are some building codes but you can go away with them by giving bribe.
One can even avoid giving �Income Taxes� to the government. Here in USA no
one can do that. Each and every place here in the USA there exists certain
building codes/laws. These must be followed for building any kind of
building/structure as these laws are implemented effectively and any
violation of the �Building Codes� may end up with heavy punishment. Similar
is the case for any industry, business, school, college, university, or even
a church or a mosque. The point is that there exist all kinds of laws and
regulations and each one has to follow these laws and regulations
irrespective of who he/she is. Any violation of any law by any person would
make the person liable to the prescribed punishment. Some people can go by
once in a while but not all the time since the government machinery will
certainly hold the person and make him appear at the court for justice. In
some cases some persons can completely avoid such arrest and save
himself/herself from the prescribed punishment. That also depends on the
efficiency and the degree of corruptness of the government machinery of the
country where someone lives. [In case of Fatemolla : he was allowed by the
Bangladesh Airport Customs Officer �Let him try his luck�. Such thing could
not happen here in the USA airport].
From the above we see that each and every human being is not free and is
bound by certain laws and regulation in most aspects of human being�s life.
In most cases these laws are man-made laws and the human beings have no
alternative than to abide by and follow these laws and regulations. So we
can say that each human being �Submits to the man-made laws and regulations�
irrespective of whether such person is following a religion or not following
any religion does not matter, i.e. whether he/she is religious or secular
(or even atheist) does not matter. In submitting these man-made laws and
regulations we may raise some questions but we have no alternative than to
abide by and follow to the extent the government machinery can implement
them. So we find so many law enforcing authorities. I have seen many persons
who are so loyal to these laws that any other person violating these laws
would make them unhappy and sometime they even call the police to implement
such violation. While there are many who are constantly violating these laws
and ending up in jails and prisons. In any case the point I am trying to
bring is �No one is free. Every human being is under the clutches of certain
laws and regulations. And in each countries of the world such laws and
regulations are man-made. As such human beings are submitting to these laws
and regulations and thus submitting to those human beings who are the
legislators to these laws and regulations.� These legislators may be
elected, selected, forcibly placed, acquired by force, kings, dictators, or
what not. But they are the ones who make the laws and regulations (say
rulers) and others are to follow (say followers) although in many cases the
rulers also have to abide by these laws. Therefore, each human being is
submitting to another human being to abide by, follow and submit to the laws
and regulations made by their fellow human beings.
There are so many aspects of human beings that such laws and regulations
cannot be made by these rulers in all aspects. As such in many aspects of
human lives many cultural, religious, secular, activities comes in and
people follow them. In some of these aspects of human life, the religious
laws and regulations are so vigorously followed that many times the rulers
take advantage of them and rule their followers exploiting the human beings.
Such exploitations are rampant in this world. �Free thinkers and human
lovers must act against such exploitation by these rulers and make the human
beings really free from following/obeying and submitting to their fellow
human beings.� Only way we can free the human beings from such exploitation
by another human beings is by freeing human beings from the clutches of
another human being�s laws and regulations. That can only be done is by
allowing the human beings to follow the laws and regulations of that Supreme
Being who is not human and who has much higher knowledge than any human
being and who is the Creator of everything in the universe.
The followers follow laws, regulations or rules enacted by the rulers
irrespective whether they like these or not and they have no other
alternative than to follow or else they may end up in getting punishment.
This is natural and is followed everywhere. This principle is true for �Laws
of the Supreme Being�. We may not like some laws but those are enacted by
Him. As such a human being following these laws of the Supreme Being is free
and is not under the clutches of another human fellow being. As you can see
the only difference is that such laws are not made by any human being rather
than the Supreme Being who has better knowledge than any human being and
since they were made by the Supreme Being the end result must be the best
whether we understand or not. Only way we can get the best result is by
following these laws and regulations or else we are liable to punishment for
violations of these laws as we are liable to punishment for any violation of
man-made laws and regulations.
This understanding of freeing human being from submitting/following to
another fellow human being is real understanding about our own self, �Nafs�
or �Soul� and then believing in that Supreme Being who is the Creator of
everything and submitting to Him is �Islam�. Once this faith comes in the
heart a human being can free himself/herself from all other things and get
peace, live in peace, feel satisfied and become happy in this world and in
the Hereafter, the belief in which will automatically come in the person�s
heart. With this faith, understanding the �Words of the Supreme Being�, the
�Qur�an� will follow suit and the truth will come as the �Only Truth� and
�Islam� will become easily understandable to that person. May the Supreme
Being give that Guidance to us all. Ameen!
Mohammad S Choudhury
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This is in reference to President George W. Bush statement at�London�Press Conference with Prime Minister Tony Blair that Christians and Muslims worship the same God.(Washington Post, Nov. 22, 2003 )His statement about the ALMIGHTY GOD has created a great controversy in the evangelical circles in America . Make no mistake Jews and Palestinians are Semitic and children of Abraham, father of our faith, children of�Hagar & Sara, and Ishmael & Isaac. The Jews, Muslims and Christians are the decedents of a common father, Abraham, which no Rabbi will deny. I hope the Evangelical Christians will shed their religious untouchability and study the big book more carefully.
Many statements are made contradicting President Bush's views on the�almighty God. The reason being the “Christian God encourages freedom, love, forgiveness, prosperity, and health," whereas the Almighty God in Islam is opposite to that. "The personalities of each�god are evident in the cultures, civilization and dispositions of the peoples that serve them. The one and true god is Jehovah, and his only begotten son is Jesus Christ." said Rev. Haggard, President of National association of Evangelicals in USA . Bush's faith and Christian connection is his political strength.
The Evangelical Christians�are the most�powerful and loyal voting block for the GOP. Some of the evangelical Christians leaders are like Pharisees, and the�ancient Jewish sect, known for self righteousness,�who hated Jesus and followed�him to find fault. Jesus questioned there authority and�rebuked them for their hypocrisy and double standard.�The Evangelical Christians of America have taken the side of the Israelis to fulfill the Biblical Prophecy, they are the ground keepers�to fasten the second�coming of�Jesus, which even the Jews reject and laugh at them. Preaching Ten Commandments and ignoring the holy terror to fasten the second coming of Jesus Christ. Evangelical Christians of America need a road map to Heaven from the Bible. You should fight anti-Semitism just as hard as anti-Christianity and do justice to all. Heaven bound Evangelical Christians must know our God is a God of righteousness; He is the creator, sustainer and redeemer of all people.
Christian leaders who justify apartheid and�are silent about the crucifixion of justice, around the world�must know the all mighty God is watching. The almighty God of Jews, Muslims and Christian are the same and the only one God - the�God of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and David.�My appeal to fellow Christians of the West is to make peace, reach out and touch every human soul regardless of religion and nationality. Your silence hurts and your charity never reaches the poor.
We Christians must unite and fight the injustice. Jesus wants us to practice justice, mercy and honesty. Jesus condemned the Pharisees saying, “Blind guides! You strain a fly�out of�your drink, but swallow a camel.”�What’s going on in Ireland between Christians? How can we forget the wars we Christians fought under the shadow of cross in Europe ? This does not mean our God is a God of terror, neither can�we say that about Islam. We Christians need to be kind and generous in our opinion about other faiths, these provocative statements hurt the poor Christians around the World. We need to practice tolerance, compassion and better understanding.
This time Evangelical Christians are wrong�and President Bush is right. He wants peace and happiness for all. Liberty , justice and economic emancipation of all people, that is what is called America the great.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God” (Matthew 5:9).
Deacon, Sligo Seventh Day Adventist Church
Washington , D.C.