FYI: дают андаманские языки!
- Информация от Л.В. Хохловой
14-го июня в помещении посольства Индии в Москве состоится заседание лингвистичекской секции ICOSALL 7 (International conference on South Asian Languages and Literatures)
Расписание работы секции:
16.00 √ 16.30 Daniel Krasa ⌠The Language of the Banjara/Lambada (An introduction into the language of the Nomads that are said to be the ancestors of the European Roma)■
16. 30 √ 17.00 L. Khokhlova ⌠Specification of M. Klaiman▓s Typological Hierarchy of South Asian Languages■
17. 00 √ 17.30 B. Zakharyin ⌠Absolutives in Sanskrit and their Treatment by Classical Indian Grammarians and Philosophers■
17.30 √ 17.45 чай-кофе
17.45 √ 18.30 А. Abbi ⌠Is there a Sixth Language Family in Indian Subcontinent? A Probe into the typology of Great Andamanese
Анвита Абби √ известный индийский лингвист, занималась полевыми исследованиями малоизученных языков племен, проблемами морфологической и синтаксической типологии языков Южноазиатского субконтинента, социолингвистикой. Читала лекции во многих университетах Европы и США. Настоящий доклад √ результат исследования, выполненного в рамках совместного проекта ⌠Endangered Language Documentation Programme, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London■.
Приглашаются все желающие.
Адрес посольства Индии: улица Воронцово поле, д.6/8, Дхар холл. Ближайшая станция метро Курская, от метро Чистые пруды или Новокузнецкая ехать на любом трамвае до остановки ╚Воронцово поле╩
Ниже приводится основное содержание докладов.
Is there a sixth language family in Indian subcontinent?
A Probe into the typology of Great Andamanese
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Great Andamanese is a generic term used for the amalgam of ten different but mutually intelligible varieties of the same language once spoken in the entire set of Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal. At present, out of the total population of 51 only 7 speak a kind of mixed language derivative of these varieties. The pilot survey conducted in 2002 of Great Andamanese (West Andamanese) and other accessible languages of the Andaman Islands, such as Jarawa (East Andamanese 250 in all), and Onge (Southern Andamanese, 96 in all) gives us a fairly good cross linguistic comparison to raise a significant and probing question as to whether Great Andamanese is typologically divergent and genetically distinct language from Jarawa and Onge.
The paper discusses the typological issue by presenting non-shared areas such as (i) template morphology of verb complexes. Verbs in Great Andamanese, belong to different classes based on the nature of the initial consonant of the verbal ending, each identified by a specific but different consonant followed by a vowel that represents aspect or mood. Verb roots, thus, could have any of the following CV endings: √bV or √lV or √kV or √rV or -pV or, -mV, which may be followed by a tense marker designated by the presence or absence of a final consonant; (ii) distinct classes of personal prefixes used for inalienable possessions that are constituted of two parts, pronominal clitic indicating the possessor and the body part classifying prefix, which serves as a host to the clitic, and finally, (iii) the inventory of intriguing consonant sounds in Great Andamanese. Shared vocabulary in the realm of basic word list, kinship and body parts terms suggest that Onge and Jarawa are genetically affiliated to each other while the Great Andamanese seems to belong to a separate and distinct family.
Diachronically, two possibilities seem to emerge. One, a Proto Andamanese developed into two separate language families, i.e. the Great Andamanese which later had developed into ten different varieties; and the Onge √Jarawa language family named ▒Ang▓ which developed into two distinct languages, Onge and Jarawa. The second hypothesis is that two distinct language families existed in the subcontinent, i.e. Proto Great Andamanese and Proto Ang, each leading to distinct languages over the last several thousand years. The author attempts to give evidence for the latter hypothesis.
Various studies in the past, both linguistic and genetic, suggest that Andamanese languages might be the last representatives of pre-Neolithic Southeast Asia. As they represent the initial settlement by modern humans (Hagelberg et al 2002, Lalji Singh et al 2006), and Genetic and epigenetic data (Endicott et al 2003) suggest long-term isolation of the Andamanese for a substantial period of time, current linguistic results are very significant for population genetics and historical linguistics.
Daniel Krasa (Austria)
The Language of the Banjara/Lambada (An introduction into the language of the Nomads that are said to be the ancestors of the European Roma)
The language of the Banjara/Lambada - a North Indian language of the Nomads that are known as the ancestors of the Roma. Banjari/Lambadi can be regarded as an independent form of a North-Indian language closely related to
Rajasthani but it is also widely spoken in areas where Dravidian languages
make up the majority of speakers. Today there are about 5-8 million
Banjari/Lambadi speakers throughout India.
B.A. Zakharyin (MSU)
Absolutives in Sanskrit and their treatment by classical Indian grammarians and philosophers.
The Old Indo-Aryan absolutives have been described by Pa:Nini (VI cent. b.c.) and by his followers. Their treatment being only partially adequate, has been revised by the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu (IV cent. a.c.), whose conclusions on the subject are shown to be solid and compatible with the real state of things. The comparison of Vasubandhu▓s suggestions with the author▓s semo-syntactic analysis of Sanskrit absolutives (and clauses with them) is provided
L.V. Khokhlova (MSU)
Interaction of distinctive syntactic features on the South Asian typological scale
The main objective of the present study is to reconsider the hierarchical set of distinctive syntactic features specific for the South-Asian subcontinent. The sets of syntactic features described by M. Klaiman (Klaiman, M.H. Mechanisms of ergativity in South Asia. Studies in Ergativity.Ed. R.M.W. Dixon. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science Publishers, 1991) are structured so that a language which lacks A will not display B, a language with A but without B will lack C and so on. Three out of four morphological devices suggested by M. Klaiman will be analyzed here: nominal case marking, nominal agreement on main verbs, nominal agreement on auxiliary verbs. The Marwari data proves the necessity of amendments in Klaiman▓s description.