FYI: World Loanword Database
- ������ ���� ���� ������ �� �������������� � ������ ����:
---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Martin Haspelmath <haspelmath@...>
Subject: Announcing the
We are pleased to announce the World Loanword Database, a fully open-access
online resource, which has been released this week: *
The World Loanword Database contains detailed comparable information about
58.000 words from 41 languages, contributed by 41 (teams of) specialists,
and edited by Martin Haspelmath and Uri Tadmor from the Max Planck Institute
for Evolutionary Anthropology. The open-access online version was programmed
by Robert Forkel from the Max Planck Digital Library (Munich).
The World Loanword Database answers questions such as:
-- How many languages have a borrowed word for 'eye'? (answer: 3 clear cases
out of 41, *http://wold.livingsources.org/meaning/4.21*)
-- How many languages have a non-borrowed word for 'police'? (answer: 8
clear cases out of 41, *http://wold.livingsources.org/meaning/23.33*)
-- Which semantic areas of words are the most resistant to borrowing?
(answer: words expressing spatial relations, body parts, and sense
perception, see *http://wold.livingsources.org/semanticfield/*)
-- Which languages did English borrow words from, and how are they
distributed geographically? (see the map on this page: *
These data will allow us to distinguish better between lexical similarities
that are due to borrowing and similarities that are due to inheritance from
a common ancestor.
In conjunction with the online database, a book with three general chapters
and 41 chapters on particular languages was published by De Gruyter Mouton
One of the results of the project is an empirically based list of basic
vocabulary (the Leipzig-Jakarta list) which may complement the intuitively
based Swadesh list.
Martin Haspelmath & Uri Tadmor
(for the Loanword Typology project team)
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]