1483Re: Col. John S. Mosby vs. Col. William H. Boyd - Post War
- Mar 1, 2009Finally got around to reading this post. Fantastic!
Really enjoyed it as I have always found the subject of dueling
intriguing - and the notable Virginia slant on the subject is
fascinating. Thanks for sharing!!!
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "richmondtiggergray"
> Colonel William Boyd was the Yankee officer who interrogated Pauline
> Clarke Mosby in her bed during an attempt to apprehend her husband
> whose clothing (minus his boots) were strewn about their bedchamber
> the home of James Hathaway. Mosby had brought Pauline and their twoher
> children to the Hathaway home in 1863 so that he could visit with
> in between harassing raids upon the Yankees. Apparently, thenCaptain
> Boyd had learned of one such visit and determined to pay a visit tolater
> The Plains and see if he could bag a bushwhacker in his bed. Alas,
> though all of Mosby's clothing was present save his boots, there was
> no sign of the quarry and Pauline made it quite clear - as Boyd
> reported - that his presence was most unwelcome.to
> Eventually, the soldiers and their dissatisfied leader were forced
> depart minus the prize for which they had come. When they were outof
> sight of the house, Mosby swung in through an open window from thethat
> tree limb in which he had taken shelter during the search; an
> acknowledged Mosby expert believes that he had managed, before the
> room was breached, to don his boots (the tree's bark was very rough)
> but little or nothing else in his haste. It was fortunate for him
> the night was not unduly cold!became
> In any event, that was John Mosby's first encounter with William H.
> Boyd, but not his last. In fact, after the war, Mosby and Boyd
> bitter enemies as the following newspaper accounts testify.another
> Interestingly enough, apparently Mosby's intense dislike of Boyd was
> not occasioned by his treatment of Pauline. There is nothing in the
> records to indicate that Boyd was anything but proper and polite in
> his dealing with the lady, which is more than can be said for
> Yankee whose diary contains an account of his rudeness to Mosby'swife
> when he learned the identity of her husband. Whether or not it is toMosby
> be believed is beside the point as Boyd was never charged with being
> ungentlemanly in his treatment of the lady.
> For your consideration, below is at least the newspaper saga of
> v. Boyd in Warrenton, Fauquier county, Virginia. Although the matterCavalry.
> is left hanging without any conclusion being presented, the fact is
> that Boyd departed for his home in Pennsylvania not long after the
> matters presented here. It can be said, according to that same Mosby
> expert, that the little lawyer "ran Boyd out of Dodge".
> New York Herald, Thursday, October 7, 1869
> A Duel on the Table
> Mosby, the Raider, Challenges Colonel Boyd, of the Pennsylvania
> A duel is in prospect over in Warrenton, Va., between Colonel Johnopposed
> Mosby, the famous rebel guerrilla and Colonel William Boyd, of the
> Twenty-first Pennsylvania cavalry. The latter is Sheriff of Fauquier
> County, Va., by appointment of General Canby, but is bitterly
> by Mosby, who has used every effort to obtain his removal. Mosby, itand
> is said, caused very grave charges to be preferred against Boyd, and
> an investigation was ordered by General Canby. Colonel Lee made an
> examination, which resulted in favor of Boyd. Last Saturday Mosby
> Boyd met. Boyd approached Mosby in a threatening manner. Mosby said,Trouble
> "Sir, I am unarmed and a smaller man than you, but I am willing to
> meet you where life can be periled equally against life." It is
> alleged that Boyd, instead of desisting when he heard Mosby was
> unarmed, attacked the Confederate chieftain in an unjustifiable
> manner. The result has been that Mosby has challenged Boyd and the
> latter is said to be in trouble about a second. The people of
> Alexandria are much excited over the affair.
> New York Herald October 15th, 1869
> Mosby and Boyd.
> Interview with the Ex-Rebel Leader His Account of the Recent
> with a Carpet-Bagger How General Canby Appointed Sheriffs theplace
> Duello Not Acceptable to Boyd Mosby's Opinion of Reconstruction
> Boyd's Story Why He Did Not Fight The General Feeling and
> Impression of the People.
> Washington, Oct. 13, 1869.
> The quiet, sleepy little village of Warrenton, Va., is the last
> in the world where you would expect to find duelists and dueling.especially
> Before the war it was a place of some business pretensions,
> during court week, but just now it seems as if it were under theas
> influence of a perpetual Sunday. There is so little to contribute to
> excitement, and everybody you meet is so civil withal, that it must
> require considerable effort to make the "angry passions rise." But
> even Warrenton has had its sensation. It would hardly have been
> noticed in New York, but here it set everybody by the ears, as much
> the late war between the bulls and bears to Wall street did thecountry.
> Previous to the war duels were not novelties in Virginia, but there
> was such a splendid opportunity for shooting and killing from 1860
> 1864 that the amusement has been at a discount ever since. Still theDominion
> "code" is the recognized thing among the gentlemen of the Old
> those "to the manner born" - who have grievances to redress ormethod "pistols
> differences to settle. Your "carpet-bagger" bringing the customs of
> his section with him has no time to go through the formalities of a
> duel but will "settle" on the spot after the most approved style of
> the prize ring. The Virginia gentleman prefers the old
> and coffee for two."Mosby's
> In a village like Warrenton, which, in respect to gossip, is like
> every other village, anything like a duel, even between two ordinary
> individuals, would naturally excite interest. But when Colonel Jack
> Mosby happens to be one of the principals and an ex-federal colonel
> named Boyd the other, the affair grows in interest far beyond the
> limits of Warrenton, or even of Fauquier county. With a view to
> ascertain the origin of the difficulty I stepped into Colonel
> law office to-day, and after introducing myself and making known myleader. I
> business I was cordially received by the celebrated partisan
> found him sitting in a small room in a building oppose the principala
> hotel of the village, looking more like a young country parson than
> dashing cavalry colonel or a hot-headed duelist. His pantaloons wereand
> tucked inside his boots, but otherwise, his dress indicated taste
> neatness. His hair was cut short, and his beardless face and genial,law
> lively manner, make him look much younger than he really is. On the
> table before him a number of papers, pamphlets and books were
> scattered; but the most prominent object was a six-barrelled Colt's
> army revolver, loaded and ready for instant use. In a couple of
> bookcases around the room were enough books to constitute a decent
> library for a country lawyer. On the mantelpiece were severalneighborhood,
> specimens of different varieties of marble found in this
> and for which Mosby is the agent. The other furniture of the roomwas
> scanty, that is for a lawyer's office; but I presume Mosby has hadsomewhat
> worse quarters.
> Colonel Mosby commenced the conversation by informing me in a
> jocular manner that he had once captured a couple of HeraldColonel
> correspondents during the war; but he found them good fellows, and
> treated them well. Having little time and less disposition to listen
> to war reminiscences, I said: -
> "Colonel Mosby, what was the origin of the difficulty between
> Boyd and yourself?"suppose
> Mosby Well, I will tell you; and I am glad to do, because I
> people outside will think that it arose out of politicaldifferences,
> which it did not. I had and have nothing personal against Colonelwas
> Boyd. He was sent here last April by General Canby to act as sheriff
> of Fauquier county. It was soon discovered that his bond was
> worthless, those who had agreed it not being worth anything. There
> a meeting of the members of the bar here relative to the subject. Ata
> this meeting a memorial addressed to General Canby was drawn up and
> adopted. It set forth the fact that Colonel Boyd had failed to give
> satisfactory bond, and that the members of the bar felt it to betheir
> duty in the interest of their clients to protest against Colonelso
> Boyd's performing the duties of sheriff without giving bond. I was
> selected to carry the memorial to General Canby, which I did.
> Correspondent What did General Canby say to you?
> Mosby He said he would look into the matter; but instead of doing
> he sent Colonel Boyd here to institute an investigation into allegedthe
> conspiracy among the members of the bar of this place to defeat the
> reconstruction laws.
> Correspondent Was there a conspiracy for that purpose?
> Mosby Not a bit of it. We had no more notion of interfering with
> reconstruction laws than you have. We simply wanted a man forsheriff
> who would not run away with the revenues of the county, or if he didhow
> run away we wanted to have some bondmen that had something to take
> hold of.
> Correspondent Were Colonel Boyd's bondsmen persons of property?
> Mosby No; they had nothing. I believe that altogether they did not
> pay more than twenty cents Internal Revenue Tax. So you can judge
> much property they had. One of them named Cannon appeared to beno
> released from the bond shortly after Boyd qualified.
> Correspondent Why did he do that?
> Mosby Well, Cannon is the editor of a little paper here called the
> Southern(?). Colonel Boyd went to him and said: - "Cannon, if you go
> on my bond I'll give you the advertising patronage of the sheriff's
> office." Cannon agreed to this and became one of Boyd's secretaries.
> Cannon soon discovered, however, that Boyd had no advertising, and
> patronage of any sort, and so he petitioned to be released.Cannon
> Correspondent Then it was a sort of bargain between Boyd and
> for their mutual benefit.any
> Mosby Precisely. The matter came up in court before Judge Hill. He
> decided that the bond was worthless and Cannon was released. What do
> you think Canby did? He appointed Colonel Boyd over again without
> bond at all, although we told him he would be satisfied if he wouldas
> detail General McKibbon(?) or any other regular army officer to act
> sheriff, because their commission would be some security.but
> Correspondent Did General Canby assign any reason for appointing
> Boyd over again?
> Mosby No, he did not. I don't like to question a man's motives,
> it was a little singular that Canby should hang on to this man Boydcorrupt
> when he knew he had no bond and was insolvent besides.
> Correspondent You don't mean to intimate that there was any
> purpose on the part of General Canby?Canby
> Mosby Well, it looks as if there was something wrong. I think
> is the Fagin of the business and Boyd is the Artful Dodger.Canby
> Here Colonel Mosby laughed, whether at the idea of his being well up
> in Dickens "Oliver Twist" or at the respective roles of General
> and Colonel Boyd was not apparent.gives
> Correspondent Well, how does the case stand now?
> Mosby Colonel Boyd is still sheriff, but he has given no bond. He
> has, however, "farmed out" the office to Mr. Hume, who was sheriff
> before the war.
> Correspondent What do you mean by "farming out the office?"
> Mosby Mr. Hume can't take the "iron-clad", but Boyd can. Hume
> Boyd $500 for the privilege of acting as sheriff. Boyd signs thebusiness?
> writs, but Hume does the work, and gets the perquisites or fees.
> That's what we call "farming out".
> Correspondent Is that a common thing here?
> Mosby Yes; it's done with nearly every office. It's the effect of
> the "iron-clad." Here's one of my boys, Chilton, who is Commonwealth
> attorney for this county. He gave some fellow a couple of hundred
> dollars to take the "iron-clad" for him, and he fills the office.
> Correspondent Is General Canby aware of this "farming out"
> Mosby Of course he is. I tell you it's done all over Virginia by
> men whom Canby appoints to fill the offices.bond
> Correspondent How did all this difficulty about Colonel Boyd's
> lead to the correspondence about the duel?swindle
> Mosby I took a very active part in having Colonel Boyd's bond
> broken, and when the matter was up in court I pronounced it a Peter
> Funk affair, and gave it as my opinion that Boyd came here to
> the county. I was also employed as counsel to collect a bill of overfor
> $400 which Colonel Boyd owed a lady in Washington named Miss Smith
> board or rent. He said I was persecuting him. One day I was comingin
> from the country and happened to meet Colonel Boyd on the road. Iyou
> spoke to him in a friendly way, for I had nothing personal against
> him, when he turned his horse around and said, "Colonel Mosby, if
> don't stop interfering with my business I will make it a personalin
> matter with you." I said, "You can do so as soon as you please, and
> any manner or at any time." He then said, "Mosby, if you will gowith
> me to Pennsylvania I will prove you to be a damned highway robber."I
> replied that I would hold him responsible for those words when hegot
> to town.and
> Correspondent Why didn't you fight it on the road?
> Mosby Well, I don't' think that it is quite the thing for two
> gentlemen who have served as colonels of cavalry to make bruisers of
> themselves. Besides, Colonel Boyd is a man of about 175 pounds and
> very athletic, while I don't weigh over 125 pounds. He could have
> crushed me in a fist fight like an egg shell.
> Correspondent On what terms did you agree to fight?
> Mosby at ten paces, with Colt's army revolver, the parties to
> advance as close as they pleased after the word was given to fire,
> keep firing until all the barrels were emptied.note
> Correspondent If the thing had come off somebody would have been
> hurt, I suppose?
> Mosby It would have settled the sheriff business, I think. I am a
> pretty good shot with an army pistol.
> Correspondent Do you keep that thing on the table all the time?
> (pointing to the Colt's revolver already alluded to).
> Mosby No. I carried that pistol all through the war with me. I
> brought it out when this trouble occurred because I expected to be
> assaulted in the street, and I wanted to be ready.
> Correspondent What's the general impression here about Colonel
> Boyd's conduct?
> Mosby Well, you have seen the correspondence. I wrote the last
> and he replied to it. First I accepted what I presumed he meant as achallenge,
> challenge. He backed out of that, and then I challenged him for
> calling me a "highway robber." He has refused to accept my
> and there's where the matter stands. I saw in the Herald that theretrouble
> was some difficulty in Colonel Boyd getting a second. Now, the
> with him was to get a principal. He could have got plenty ofgentlemen
> to act as his second. Why, half a dozen of my friends volunteered tothese
> wait on him if he couldn't secure any of his own.
> Correspondent then you think Boyd won't fight?
> Mosby Well, he had a chance, and he didn't accept it. You can draw
> your own inference. The truth is, this is the first time one of
> carpet-baggers has been brought to that. They are accustomed to ridebusiness
> rough shod over our people and nobody calls them to account.
> Correspondent What do you think of reconstruction?
> Mosby Haven't we done all we were asked to do? I am in favor of
> doing anything to get back into the Union, so that we may get rid of
> these carpet-baggers.
> Correspondent What do you call a carpet-bagger?
> Mosby These adventurers that come her to prey on us, and roam
> through the State after offices under Canby. I don't want to be
> understood as objecting to Northern people coming here to settle. On
> the contrary, I wish we had more of them; I mean people who come to
> settle down. I want to sell them land and marble quarries and treat
> them well; but these harpies are a scourge to us. They have no
> interest in the State.
> Taking a farewell glance at the formidable weapon which lay upon the
> table, and which looked as if it might be able to settle the
> of half a dozen sheriffs, I took leave of Mosby.at
> Colonel Boyd was out of town when your correspondent visited
> Warrenton, having gone to Washington. Learning that a Herald
> correspondent had been designated to the scene of action, he called
> the herald bureau here to give his version of the affair. ColonelBoyd
> hales from Pennsylvania, and served as a volunteer officer duringthe
> rebellion. He is a large, athletic man, about forty-five years ofage,
> and looks as if he could whip half a dozen men like Mosby in ato
> fisticuff engagement. After introducing himself, he stated "I want
> tell you exactly how this thing occurred. I suppose you have Mosby'sadvice
> version of it."
> Correspondent Yes; but I want to hear what you have to say.
> Boyd Well, three days after I qualified as sheriff of Fauquier
> county, Mr. Cannon, one of my bondsmen, petitioned to be released. I
> ascertained afterwards that he had advised with Mosby and that Mosby
> told him it was better for him to be released. He acted on that
> and there's where the trouble began. General Canby was informed ofthe
> matter and he issued an order to the effect that if it should appearMosby
> that any two persons had conspired to break the bond, Mr. Cannon
> should not be released. When the matter came up to court Colonel
> was the only one who testified to having advised Cannon to withdraw,After
> so there was no proof of a conspiracy.
> Correspondent Was Cannon an ex-Confederate?
> Boyd Yes, he was influenced by Mosby to withdraw from my bond.
> I had been thrown out by the decision of the court I commenced tolicense
> settle up my affairs as sheriff. One day a man was paying his
> tax to one of my deputies, when Mosby came up and said: - "You oughtcounty."
> not to pay that money. There is no longer a sheriff of Fauquier
> Correspondent How did the difficulty originate which led to the
> Boyd I was coming from a place called Salem and met Mosby on the
> road. I said to him, "Colonel Mosby, why do you interfere with my
> business; I never injured you in any way?" Mosby mumbled something
> reply, when I said, "Colonel Mosby, do you know my opinion of you?You
> are a dd highway robber; and if you go with me to Pennsylvania Iwill
> prove it on you by men and women whom you robbed."said,
> Mosby replied, "I'll see you when you get back to Warrenton." I
> "you can see me now or at any time you please." When I got back tocorrespondence
> Warrenton I received Mosby's first note, and the other
> Correspondent Mosby says you have not given a good bond yet.
> Boyd I have given a bond for $30,000, the amount required by
> Colonel Boyd's friends say that the men who signed his first bond
> turned out to be worth nothing, but he was not aware of this fact at
> the time. With regard to the duel, Colonel Boyd's friends say he
> intended to fight one, for the reason that by so doing he would haveduel.
> violated his oath of office. The sheriff of Fauquier county, it
> appears is required to swear, among other things, the he has never
> been engaged in dueling, nor will be in any way connected with a
> Besides, Colonel Boyd was probably aware of the fact that if hebe
> accepted Colonel Mosby's challenge he would be instantly arrested by
> General McKibben, who commands the district and divested of his
> office. His friends also say he is a man of undoubted courage.
> Be that as it may, there is no disguising the fact the community of
> Warrenton regard Colonel Boyd as a coward. To live in Warrenton or
> anywhere else in Virginia and refuse to fight when challenged is to
> called a coward, no matter what a man's courage may be. GeneralCanby
> is evidently under the impression that a conspiracy existed to keepto
> Colonel Boyd from acting as sheriff, but Mosby and his friends
> disclaim this. Colonel Boyd's friends say that Mosby induced Cannon
> withdraw from Colonel Boyd's bond. The story is that Mosby toldCannon
> his paper would lose subscribers, and he had better get himselfon
> released. It appears, however that Cannon's first reason for going
> the bond was to get the sheriff's patronage, and when he found theretoo
> was none he had no reason for remaining as on of the bondsmen.
> Colonel Mosby's second was Colonel Thomas Smith, formerly of the
> Confederate army, and a son of "Extra Billy" Smith. Like Mosby, he
> has the reputation of being a fighting man. The phrase about thiscase
> of men is that "they would as soon fight as eat." A shrewd Yankee onwas
> learning this observed the he believed they would go at the eating
> with a greater good will than at the fighting. Colonel Smith, who
> quite lavish in his admiration of Mosby, said "Boyd got hold of theWarrenton
> wrong man when he undertook to frighten Mosby." Everybody at
> believes in Mosby. I suppose a majority of Virginians do the same. Iambition
> am told that during "the season" at Warrenton this summer the
> of the men was to take Mosby by the hand, while the women thought itcontains
> the highest honor to be permitted to promenade with him. And yet,
> Mosby is not ambitious for fame. He told me he never would have
> allowed the correspondence between himself and Colonel Boyd to have
> seen the light but for the fact that Boyd boasted around town that
> Mosby had backed down. He is not anxious for a fight.
> New York Herald - Wednesday, October 20, 1869
> A NEWSPAPER DUEL - The Boyd and Mosby Fight
> WARRENTON, VA., Oct. 16, 1869
> To THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD:
> I have just read an article in your paper of yesterday, which
> certain statements made by Colonel Mosby to your correspondent thatwas
> are utterly false. The origin of the trouble with Mosby was in the
> fact that I did not belong to the set he was mixed up with, and I
> should be sorry if I did. But Mosby says that the bar of Fauquier
> county objected to my acting as sheriff on the ground that my bond
> good for nothing. This is not so. The action taken by the bar was towould
> memorialize General Canby to increase the amount of my bond on the
> ground that as there would probably pass through my hands some
> $250,000 a bond of $30,000 would not be sufficient. General Canby
> thereupon directed Colonel Lee to investigate the necessity of
> increasing the bond, but the report showed that not over a fifth of
> the amount would be handled by the sheriff, and that in no case
> the latter have over one-fifth of that in his hands at any one time,for
> and consequently it was unnecessary to increase the bond.
> I deny Mosby's statement that I agreed to give Mr. Cannon any of the
> patronage of my office in consideration of his acting as a bondsman.
> Cannon did ask my assistance to get the appointment of Postmaster
> a friend of his; but this I declined to give. Cannon went on mybond;
> but, being a weak man and easily influenced, it was not long beforeMr.
> Mosby and his party succeeded in bullying him into withdrawing.
> Mosby's assertion that Judge Hill, or the Ninth Judicial Circuit,
> decided my bond to be worthless is false. Upon that withdrawal of
> Cannon as bondsman Judge Hill required me to file a new bond, but IEighteenth
> concluded to settle up my affairs and quit, and therefore did not
> comply; so the office was declared vacant. At this juncture Mosby
> renewed his annoyance, interfered with my deputies and myself in
> closing up the business, lay in wait to prevent people coming to my
> office, and in every way embarrassed us. I then determined, it
> possible, to remain, and at once wrote to General Canby asking my
> reinstatement. In due tune 1 received the following order:
> HEADQUARTERS FIRST MILITARY DISTRICT
> STATE OF VIRGINIA, RICHMOND, Va., Oct. 9, 1869
> SPECIAL ORDERS No. 215
> Upon the recommendation of the Military Commissioner of the
> division of Virginia, William H. Boyd, late Sheriff of Fauquierthan
> county, suspended by the judge of the Ninth Judicial Circuit, from
> inability to give the requisite bonds, is hereby reinstated in the
> office as Sheriff of Fauquier county, upon (illegible) bonds, with
> sufficient security thereon in the amount named in his former bond.
> By command of Brevet Major General CANBY
> Louis V. Caziaro, Aid-de-Camp, Acting Assistant Adjutant General
> Mr. W. H. Boyd, through Military Commissioner Eighteenth division of
> I immediately complied with this order, gave the required bonds and
> resumed my duties as sheriff.
> The above order shows the falsity of Mosby's assertion that General
> Canby appointed me without my giving any bonds. The slurs and
> insinuations made against General Canby by Mosby will be properly
> appreciated by the people of this county who are familiar with the
> records of both. The praise of this class would be more injurious
> their blame. Their slanders are the best evidence that an officialis
> doing his duty. They hate the government and its faithfulhardly
> representatives, and are using all their efforts to break them down.
> Mosby denies being engaged in persecuting me. The fact is I had
> entered the town before he commenced attempting to annoy, impede andto
> thwart me, and this he has continued to do in many different ways
> until the present time. Had he attacked me personally, in an open,
> manly way, I should have known how to meet him, but he has resorted
> everything that is petty and mean, even to the setting at enmity ourto
> Mosby's sole object has been to have me removed from the office of
> sheriff and to get one of his own stripe in my place. This attempt
> get me to fight a duel, had it succeeded, would have accomplishedall
> he desired. Had I accepted his challenge I should have been arrestedbesides.
> at once, and under the code of Virginia, removed from my office,
> sentenced to a year's imprisonment and probably fined $1,000
> Mosby knew this, and therefore never expected to fight the duel. Butduring
> apart from this, Mosby's character has been such as, in my opinion,
> (illegible) him to associate with respectable men, and according to
> his code I could not lower myself to meet him. He was notorious
> the war as a marauder and plunderer, the scourge of the helpless andThey
> defenseless, never daring to meet his enemy in open, fair fight.
> Whether he was a highway robber or not I leave you to judge from his
> past acts (illegible) his Baltimore and Ohio Railroad raid; his
> present denial is of no weight.
> I have necessarily, Mr. Editor, been brought into contact with this
> class of men a good deal since my official career here began and I
> know them pretty well. I deny that they desire Northern men here.
> have no use for them. They would undoubtedly be glad to sell themall
> lands and quarries, as Mosby says, but Mosby and the rest would do
> they could to prevent their being worked by them. They have not yetwill.
> learned wisdom from their punishment and losses and I fear never
> They are as full or the same absurd notion about chivalry and thelike
> as before the war, and it requires the supervision and strong arm ofthis
> the government to restrain them from their former practices of
> murdering on sight, lynching and dueling. I do not refer to the more
> sensible class of this county, but to the inferior element, of which
> this Colonel Mosby is a representative.
> In regard to my own courage Mosby and his clique are incompetent to
> judge. It is a matter that is safe in the hand of my friends. But
> much I may say, that I did not sneak through the country, plunderinga
> and marauding among the innocent and noncombatants. My character as
> soldier is well known and understood through the Shenandoah valley,court
> Fauquier and the adjoining counties. Mosby himself swore in open
> he knew nothing against me, but has frequently heard me well spokenof
> by the people of that section, even though I was in arms againstthem.
> The assertion of Mosby that he never would have suffered the
> publication of the letters but that I boasted about town that he had
> backed down, is a base lie, and Mosby knows it. I defy any man to
> I did so. I considered him too contemptibly small fry to talk about,
> and treated the subject with disgust. I had nothing to gain in
> associating my name with such scum.
> I am, sir, with much respect, your obedient servant,
> WILLIAM H. BOYD.
> Sheriff Fauquier county, Va., late Colonel Twenty-first Pennsylvania
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