Global Ramadaan Lecture 019 : Global Lailatul Qadr
- AsSalaam O Alaikum (Peace be always with you. AMEEN.)
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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Lailatul Qadr - Two Nights or One Night and Which Night
Global Lailatul Qadrby Irshad Mahmood - Global Auliyaa (PRESIDENT), Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre
Very First Laila_ul_Qadr was according to Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة) Calendar
They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of NEW MOON. Say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the pilgrimage… (Al_Quraan_002.189)
(Every Month must start with the NEW MOON Globally NOT Locally)
Do not fast unless you (UMMAH Globally) sight the crescent, and do not break your fast till you (UMMAH Globally) sight the (following) crescent.” (Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3:130).
Great Thanks to FiqhCouncil of North America on Uniting Muslims on a Very BIG Controversial Issue on Moon Sighting:
From Ramadan 1427 - First of Fasting September 23, 2006, The Fiqh Council of North America after careful research, deliberations and discussion has adopted a new position regarding the determination of the beginning of the Islamic lunar months. The Fiqh Council is not going with the birth of the new Moon only; it is rather going with the possibility of its sighting somewhere within the Western Hemisphere.
A. Discussion of a number of research papers led to the conclusion that the use of calculation both in negation as well as affirmation of the beginning of the new Islamic Lunar months has a firm basis in the Qur’an and Sunnah as well as in the opinion of some classical and contemporary jurists.
B. The new moon (i.e. time of conjunction) is when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun closest to the Sun-Earth line. This time of conjunction is precisely predictable by astronomical calculation.
C. The conjunction before 12:00 GMT would give enough time to the new moon to be visible somewhere on the globe before the end of the night in North America.
A pre-calculated Global Islamic Calendar could be the same as Fiqh Council calendar on left. If the moon is born before 12:00 UT [Local time at International Date Line (IDL) would be 23:59 or less on the previous day], then the month begins at sunset of that day everywhere in the world. IDL has been accepted as the beginning of every day of the week. All Muslims pray Friday prayers on the day starting at IDL. Islamic Calendar should also follow the same convention of the day.
This moon will be about 18+ hours old at a point just East of IDL at local sunset. This convention has a basis of visibility at a point just East of IDL, and is born before the day begins at just West of International Date Line. If the moon is born after 12:00 UT, then the month begins on the next day's sunset everywhere.
According to U.S. Naval Observatory: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/islamic.html
The record for an Early Sighting of a Lunar Crescent, with a Telescope, is 12.1 hours after New Moon; for Naked-Eye sightings, the record is 15.5 hours from New Moon.
Calculations need corrections once the correct information of the moon sightings is found any where in the world:
The Width of the Moon will always increase before a full moon at a fixed Ratio and will decrease after a full moon at the same ratio at every second in an Analog way. Its increment and decrement is ANALOG.
If someone sees the Crescent Moon in the east, but no one sees it in the west that could be due to Global Warming, or Global Dimming or other unknown factors. We should not blame the Moon on this issue; instead we should blame ourselves for polluting the environment, which is the main cause for all these issues. Since the whole world got polluted, so another option could be to go higher above all the pollutions on an airplane on the specified days and watch the New Crescent Moon or use one of the cameras on the Satellite for this purpose, record it and put it on the websight.
Not only Global Warming BUT Global Dimming and other unknown factors may be causing difficulty to see the Crescent Moon. Global Dimming was discovered just after 11-SEP-2001, when all the US flights were grounded for three days:
DR DAVID TRAVIS: We found that the change in temperature range during those three days was just over one degrees C. And you have to realize that from a layman's perspective that doesn't sound like much, but from a climate perspective that is huge.
We should not neglect the Eye Witness of those who don't have voices, phones, or other media to communicate with the rest of the world. Remember! On the day of Eid, Fasting is Haraam.
Since Global Dimming is causing Sun Rays, how come it is not affecting the visibility of New Crescent Moon?
In Karachi, Pakistan, it is always difficult to see moon, while in the remote areas of NWFP, Pakistan, specially high on the mountains, it is easy to see the moon sighting. The reason showed by Chairman SUPARCO at a Science Conference in Islamabad, Pakistan. The photograph taken by Satellite at the same time for Karachi and remote area of NWFP, were very helpful to understand. In the photograph of Karachi City the big buildings were not clear due to industrial and traffic and other environmental pollutions, while the photograph of remote area of NWFP was very clear and we were able to see, even a baby goat on that photograph. Naturally in these situations we mostly have confirmed moon sightings from the remote areas.
Things to do for the Unity on Moon Sighting Issue:
It is not one man's work to unite the Ummah; each one of us need to help each other spread information about the New Crescent Moon Sighting Locally as well as Globally, if any one sees it. Someone can become a bridge to inform the rest. There are many Muslims working on the Moon Sighting issue, at least you can inform them. Be an honorable member of the Ummah on this issue and Allah will give you a very good reward, Inshaa Allah. Since the whole world got polluted, so another option could be to go higher above all the pollutions on an airplane on the specified days and watch the New Crescent Moon or use one of the cameras on the Satellite for this purpose, record it and put it on the websight. Not a single Muslim would like to miss any single day of fasting and Not a single Muslim would like to fast on the day of Eid. Below is the information to whom you can inform about moon sightings:
The literal meaning is "the night of decree", "the night of measure" and "the night of value", sometimes, also translated as "the night of power". The worship and works of this night carry more value than the worship and works of one-thousand months. This WAS the night in the PAST when angels descended with the decree of Allah. This night may be any of the odd nights of Ramadan during the last ten days, meaning, Laylatul Qadr may be the 21st or 23rd or 25th or 27th or 29th night of Ramadan. Some Muslims celebrate only on the 27th night and by doing so they may be missing the real Laylat al-Qadr. During these nights, Some Muslims stay awake all night reading and studying the Quraan, listening to religious addresses and performing Salaat. They go home for the pre-dawn meal to prepare for the fast; naturally, they need to sleep the next day.
21st to 30th Night of Ramadhan-Ul-Mubarak to avoid misjudgment of Laitlat-Ul-Qadr
Offer Minimum 2 cycles of ritual prayer (rakaat), between Ishaa and Fajir Salaat, preferable last part of night.
In each Rakaat, after Surah FATIHA, recite Surah QADR once and Surah IKHLAS three times.
After completion of this Salaat, recite Quraan and ask for forgiveness.
Some Muslims take time off from their work for the entire last ten days of Ramadan and stay in the Masjid, day and night, until the end of Ramadan. This is called I'tikaf or isolation from the worldly affairs. Those who are in I'tikaf are allowed to go out for necessities only, such as for food and to use the bathroom and shower, if not found within the mosque area.
Years, Months and Days are GLOBAL while Salaat Time is Local
The day JUMA is GLOABL while its prayers time is Local
This is a Critical Issue. We need to remember on the Day of Eid, Fasting is prohibited (Haraam). So we need to understand it with the Love for Allah and with broad mind.
Also the Day of Arafa, at the time of Hajj is to unite the Muslim Ummaah, for only one thing for the Love for Allah alone.
We can never Unite Muslim Ummaah, if we celebrate Eid / Ramadaan etc. on different days and having different Worshipping Methods.
The Basic Human Mistake is I am right (100% correct). If he is right, it is very good, BUT if he is wrong then it is WORST and he will never ever correct himself and might go to hell forever.
One must keep in his mind that he could be wrong at some point and so he always needs to keep getting good knowledge.
We must trust each other. If a True Muslim, medically OK to see the moon says that he saw the moon, we must have to believe on him.
Let Us see what Allah says in the Quraan about the Sun and the Moon:
They ask you about the phases of the moon! Say, "They provide a timing device for the people, and determine the time of Hajj (Globally on 9th Dhill-Hajj)." It is not righteous to beat around the bush; righteousness is attained by upholding the commandments and by being straightforward. You shall observe GOD, that you may succeed. (Al_Quraan_002:189)
(Remember: The day of Hajj is 9th Dhil-Hajj, which is the same all around the Globe)
He causes the dawn to break; and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for reckoning (to serve as calculating devices); this is an arrangement of the Mighty, the Knowing. (Al_Quraan_006:096)
(Remember: Here Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)
He is the One who made the sun radiant (brightness), and the moon a light, and He designed its phases that you may learn to count the years and to calculate. GOD did not create all this, except for a specific purpose. He explains the revelations for people who know. (Al_Quraan_010:005)
(Remember: Here again Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)
And We have made the night and the day two signs, then We have made the sign of the night to pass away and We have made the sign of the day manifest, so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and that you might know the numbering of years and the reckoning (This also establishes for you a timing system, and the means of calculation); and We have explained everything with distinctness. (Al_Quraan_017:012)
(Remember: Here again Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)
And a Sign for them is the Night: We withdraw there from the Day, and behold they are plunged in darkness; And the sun runs his course for a perfect period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing. And the Moon,- We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk. It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law). (Al_Quraan_036:037-040)
(Remember: Here Allah is emphasizing that the Sun and the Moon are perfectly traveling in their perfect orbits for perfect period with perfect measure, so it can be calculated at present time with the help of Computers and Astronomy and we can build a Hundred Year Calendar)
The sun and the moon are perfectly calculated. (Al_Quraan_055:005)
(Remember: Again, Allah is telling us that the Sun and the Moon are perfectly calculated, so at present time with the help of Computers and Astronomy and we can build a Hundred Year Calendar)
And an announcement (Globally) from Allah and His Messenger to the people (Globally) on the day of the greater pilgrimage (Day of Arafa, 9th Dhil Hajj, Globally) that Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve. (Al_Quraan_009.003)
We have sent it (Quraan) down in the night of Al-Qadr (in the past). (Al_Quraan 097.01).
The very first Lailatul Qadr was according to Arabic (Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة)) Calendar and it was for the whole world at the same time. Not according to Pakistan or India or Australia or USA (California) time, on different day. On this very first Lailatul Qadr the Quraan was being revealed in the past, now we are having it like a BIRTHDAY.
The Beauty of very First Lailatul Qadr, which was from the time of Maghrib till the time of Fajir according to the time of Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة). It started at the time of Magrib in Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة), while it was the time of Fajir in the Far East, in Australia. So it covered all the east by sharing the same night. Similarly when it was the time of Fajir in Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة), It was the time of Magrib in the Far West, USA. So it covered all the west by sharing the same night.
Months (Ramadan etc) are GLOBAL while Every Day Salat Times are LOCAL.
Even the day of Jumaa is Global. We have same day for Jumaa but according to Local Time.
Islamic and Moon Sighting web Addresses:
Phone# for Islamic Information Center : 416 – 536 – 8433
Phone# for Reflections on Islam : 416 – 260 – 7544
Phone# for Call of the Minaret : 416 – 596 – 6584
The literal meaning is "the night of decree", "the night of measure" and "the night of value", sometimes, also translated as "the night of power". The worship and works of this night carry more value than the worship and works of one-thousand months. This is the night when angels descend with the decree of Allah. This night may be any of the odd nights of Ramadan during the last ten days, meaning, Laylatul Qadr may be the 21st or 23rd or 25th or 27th or 29th night of Ramadan. Some Muslims celebrate only on the 27th night and by doing so they may be missing the real Laylat al-Qadr. During these nights, Muslims stay awake all night reading and studying the Qur'an, listening to religious addresses and performing Salat. They go home for the pre-dawn meal to prepare for the fast; naturally, they need to sleep the next day.
Some Muslims take time off from their work for the entire last ten days of Ramadan and stay in the masjid, day and night, until the end of Ramadan. This is called I'tikaf or isolation from the worldly affairs. Those who are in I'tikaf are allowed to go out for necessities only, such as for food and to use the bathroom and shower, if not found within the mosque area.
Muslims in Qatar, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and other countries had observed Eid ul Fitr on Saturday November 13th, 2004. In conformity with the opinion of Wehdat al Matalee (one sighting for the whole world), IANA is pleased to declare Saturday Nov. 13th, 2004, corresponding to (1425AH) Eid-ul-Fit'r . We wish you all a very blessed Eid.
Remember: Listening the Khutba (Speech) after Prayer is also Necessary
Don't forget to take your family with you for prayers. Also Enjoy with your family on this special occasion.
May Allah UNITE all Muslims. AMEEN.
Mission to save the whole world from Disasters
Allah is One <---> Quraan is One <---> Siraat_al_Mustaqeem is One
One Ummah <---> One Islaam <---> One Voice <---> One Worshipping Method
Quraan is full of Wisdom (Al_Quraan_036.002)
Quraan is a Light and to see a light, you don’t need any other light.
Quraan is Free from any Error or Contradictions.
when the Quraan is recited, then listen to it and remain silent, that mercy may be shown to you. (Al_Quraan_007.204)
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Irshad Mahmood - Global Auliyaa (PRESIDENT), Siraat - al - Mustaqeem Dawah Centre
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