Re: [midatlanticretro] Re: Reforming Capacitors: EAI Analog Computer TR-48
- On Thu, Oct 11, 2012 at 05:38:46PM -0000, joshbensadon wrote:
> I read on one site that I should be reforming them for several hours.Normally you either want to ramp the voltage up or if out of circuit
> Some suggested up to 40 hours. I think I'll go for the 40 hours but
> at 25% rated voltage for the first 24 hours.
use a series current limit resistor to keep the reforming current low.
Starting at 25% voltage may still stress them though much less than
The three items parameter shifts that will indicate the caps are bad are
leakage, low capacitance, and high ESR. Sometimes you also get visual
hints its time to replace (drive was still working fine)
The leakage is easy to test with a resistor in series with
the reforming supply if you have disconnected them from the circuit. If
your doing the variac method all you can do is look for getting warm,
bulging or leakage from vent. Capacitance and ESR can be measure with the
proper equipment. If either the capacitance or ESR is bad you will
get excessive ripple on the supply voltage so just measuring that is
reasonable. Does the documentation you have specify the allowable supply
ripple? If you have a fixed load current you can estimate what ripple you
should have based on the capacitance.
>Yes, In my opinion you are correct.
> Here's a transistor with 430 on it. Would that make it 1964, week 30?
> Transistor part number is 2N1218. Or does the 430 refer to the factory the
> transistor was made? or other?
> Photo of transistor posted in the photos/Josh Bensadon folder of this group.
> I've seen some IC's with only a 3 digit code on them (not part of this analog
> computer). Case in point is the following:
> RCA H 650
> Is that to mean 1976 week 50?
> H being the factory where it was made?
In the early years of semiconductors most parts have three digit date codes.
You have to know the approximate decade the part was first produced to get the
Sometimes you have trouble telling the part number apart from the date code.
In the 1970s a lot of the 7400 series ic's had date codes like 7414 and a part
number like 7404.
I was always having trouble with those.
A good history of early transitor marking can be found here.