The most significant measure of cycling CO2 is seen between El Nino
and La Nina. And water vapor is modulated in the actual changes of
electrical state between these two phases.
The same measure was seen in Hurricane Felix in a paper published in
Nature by Bates et al. That is a big paper from where I study. What
happens in my view is a hurricane low causes CO2 to come out of
solution and ride to the top or skin of the ocean where it converts
back to ion form--making the surface relatively more conductive for
brief periods of time. For that reason, I look at CO2 as an
electrical forcing, not as a GHG--the clouds are the key 'green house
gas', plus the clouds have the kinetic and chemical meaning.
I look at the CO2 like water as to my sweating when I am hot. Water--
is it my body water? Is it water in the air? Where living and non
living meet, what we are talking about is effective feedback loops.
Likewise, when you talk about methane hydrate fields, you are talking
about a biogenenic storage source of carbon, which life converts to
CO2. These hydrate fields, for instance, add climate stability to
regions because CO2 content is pretty much promised even if a roiling
storm causes outgassing in the short term.
There is a climate bb where my name is still being mentioned in
frustration FIVE YEARS later over methane hydrates, and it all
started by the observation that hurricanes were a lacking in the
thirties with the Dust Bowl.
One of the most important things that you learn as a student of
the 'bar' is when a problem is given to you--solve that problem. The
way it is put is that you must focus on the call of the question. It
has been said that the most brilliant answer--which fails to address
the question asked, gets zero, while the incorrect answer . . . to
the question, gets at least some credit.
It has been some time now, but years ago over there at this bb, I
noticed that changes in hydrology impacted tropical storm behaviors.
I deduced from these circumstances that hydrates impacted tropical
storms, and, indeed, they do. Just the mechanism was incorrectly
stated back then and a discussion of hydrate instability lead to a
discussion on superstorms, which was seen as too much Art Bell.
Presently, my tropical storm forecast is the best in the world, and
that excellence stems from answering the question asked--no one is
calling me Art Bell when I call hurricanes months before they occur.
You can go to the
and see that
forecast on March 31, 2005 for this year.
Anyway, on superstorms I will say this. The mechanism isn't phase
change energies or methane as a GHG--this has been explored. And even
if the answer is an incorrect postulation--it was answering the
correct question. The mechanism is more dynamic and kinetic and
biological in that the hydrates are biologically metabolized to CO2--
where gas exchange in regional oceans impact storm behaviors. Florida
gets hurricanes between the hydrate fields of the GOM and off the
Carolina coasts for a reason.
Since conductivity is the key, superstorms are products of an
increasingly saline ocean relative to its heat energy. It would
appear that the slowly melting glaciers prevent such state and that
is our present course . . . at least so far.
And the moon indeed does have a role in outgassing patterns, getting
to roiling and gas exchange as Keeling Whorf have noted with the
Little Ice Age cycle matching moon patterns. But the idea has to be
to ask questions about conductivity and cloud organizations. As long
as you are afraid to ask the right questions, there will always be
more heat than light in these discussions.
So for all here, here are some of the main links from 1999 or so that
started it all for me on rivers and hydrates and where CO2 becomes a
signal over its natural existance in our atmosphere, much like water
is to sweat:
River changes to the Mississippi began in the 1920s . . .
Unfortunately, we don't have the EPAC tropical storm data until AFTER
WWII, although in my view you can see some impact on tropical storm
activity in the GOM after the Colorado river was diverted in the
early 30s. Also, there are similar impact when the Sultan Sea was
created by levy break off the Colorado at the turn of the century.
I am connecting the causal behaviors of our most significant WEATHER
events. You all keep talking about 'climate', as if you know what it
is! Both climate AND weather are electrical and biological.