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Dane Research on Cosmic Rays--A Gaia EMF Review

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  • Mike Doran
    ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/GSAToday/gt0307.pdf Dane Research on Cosmic Rays—A Review This is an attempt to review the Danish cosmic ray research which
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 3, 2003
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      ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/GSAToday/gt0307.pdf

      Dane Research on Cosmic Rays—A Review

      This is an attempt to review the Danish cosmic ray research which
      correlates glacial periods with changes in the cosmic ray flux. I
      intend, however, to add to the coherence to the discussion of cosmic
      rays and give this discussion context, because as this discussion has
      been stated, it is incomplete. My views are more contained in a
      theory that climate is fundamentally electrical and biological in its
      substantial forcings.

      The basics.

      The water molecule is polar. What that means is from an electrical
      standpoint, it tends to have positive and negative sides. This
      then results in chemical AND electrical properties. Water has what
      are called van der Waals forces between themselves. This becomes
      important for energy exchanges between the different phases of
      water. This phase change energy is sometimes called a delta energy.
      For instance, if you were to take a pan of water, and bring it to a
      boil, you could put a thermometer in the water and it would read 212
      degrees F. and stay there at that temperature despite the water
      continually being heated. That is because the water as it boils
      gives the phase change energy to the water.

      The water is composed of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms in
      the shape of a `v'. The hydrogen atoms tend to lose their electrons
      to the oxygen molecule, and hence the combined molecule tends to be
      more positive to the top of the `v' and negative to the bottom. As
      opposite electrical forces attract, this provides a framework for an
      attractive forcing, or van der Waals forces.

      Heat energy is the movement of the molecule itself. Water can
      vibrate, translate, and rotate. These motions against the bonds of
      the water molecule itself is heat energy. If two water molecules are
      attracted to one another by their van der Waals forces, the heat
      energy required to move them apart is the phase change energy from
      liquid water to water gas. Likewise, water in solid form has a phase
      change energy to become liquid.

      Dust.

      Dust in the air important from an electrical standpoint. That is
      because since water is polar, that charge will attract the water to
      it, and there combine with other water molecules. If several water
      molecules combine with the dust, phase change energies are given to
      the surrounding air, and the warmed air causes uplifting. To what
      degree water is attracted to particle with a given charge will depend
      on humidity, and relative humidity will depend on the temperature of
      the air and the pressure of the air. If the air is relatively dry,
      there will be a larger tendency for the water to escape the particle
      and give lose phase change energy for the remaining water droplet.
      This is what drives fog. It is also why fog burns off as the day
      comes. The electrical input to this dynamic is limited because air
      is electrically insulating.

      Dust in a humid place is another thing. There the water that
      evaporates off the dust particle is quickly replaced by another water
      molecule that is nearby. Further, the electrical aspect is amplified
      by the fields and conductivity associated with higher humidity. The
      attraction of van der Waals to a dust particle with a charge is less
      limited by the insulating properties of dry air and larger charges
      can accumulate on the particles, causing a greater attractive force
      than the loss of water vapor from the droplet from heating. The
      formation of water droplets heats the cloud and causes it to give
      phase change energy to the surrounding air. This causes the cloud
      to rise and drives convection processes. The greater the charge on a
      particle, the greater degree it will warm the air, the more it will
      attract water vapor to droplet form.

      The humid warmer air has a tendency to rise. As the water in a
      forming cloud rises, it enters air that is thinner, and therefore
      which has a different relative humidity. Clouds will move to their
      electrical and thermal equilibrium. But then as forming clouds reach
      a thin air that causes a specific rate of evaporation, they also
      reach another temperature where yet another phase change can occur—to
      ice, and cirrus form.

      Cirrus have an additional electrical characteristic in that they are
      moved by large scale low frequency EMFs. This movement will aid in
      infra red trapping of heat underneath them, and alters the relative
      humidity and cloud formation dynamic. These electrical
      characteristics are then modulated by the biosphere toward a living
      earth. The Danish research as it has been interpreted is problematic
      in that associating the changes in climate simply to the cosmic ray
      flux without looking the modulating aspect of the microbrial
      biosphere completely misses the point. It would be like talking
      about the thermostat in your house when you have a 106 degree F.
      fever. The incoming chaotic signal is far less important than the
      ability of the biosphere to modulate against extremes.

      The Danish research does not distinguish between cosmic particles and
      solar in terms of their impact on cloud electrodynamics. The sun's
      input of electrical pulses corresponds to a radiated increase,
      because solar winds vary with coronal mass ejections or CMEs.
      Because ions whose source is from the sun are directed to the closed
      isobars of the earth's EMF, and because at the closed isobars
      conditions are cold enough to lack convection and charge separations
      that over come the small currents created by the sun in the solar
      winds, those ions act as a signal that radiative increases act to
      amplify. OTOH, cosmic rays are not associated with a radiation
      increase. Indeed, cosmic rays may have speeds that decrease the
      ability of the earth's EMF to redirect any of this energy and cause
      impacts on particles that change the whole dynamic of cloud formation
      and heat retention.


      The Harris et al paper on the 1970 La Nina and the 1998 El Nino and
      GHG and cirrus cloud behaviors followed by the Lindzen `iris' paper
      fail to consider the EMF character of what is occurring. Namely,
      that the inverse relationship of cirrus to cloud weighted SSTs that
      Lindzen finds is associated with large scale low frequency EMF facing
      induction changes by the ocean trade currents of the North and South
      Equatorials compared to the Equatorial—that even though the
      Equatorial is warmer, and a warmer conductor is less resistive, the
      direction of current is reversed, and following the polarity of the
      earth's EMF and Fleming's right hand rule, the Equatorial inducts
      electrically AGAINST cirrus formation. And, respecting the Harris
      paper, in the tropics during La Nina, the West Pacific is
      biologically depleted. This gets to the modulation of EMFs by the
      biosphere.

      This EMF modulation by the biosphere occurs because if the ocean
      surface is warm, there is no upwelling of nutrient rich colder
      waters. These waters, while cold and therefore less conductive,
      overcome that lack of conductivity related to temperature by the
      conductivity from the biological activity increase. Hence, ENSO is a
      cycle prompted by global biological feedbacks. These feedbacks are
      in particularly strong form near shorelines, where the microbial
      concentrations that increase conductivities is matched with methane
      hydrate fields of biogenic origin that act with electrical insulative
      properties, all in an effort to modulate both temperature and ocean
      chemistry toward living earth conditions.

      Cosmic ray flux occurs on timescales and such a manner that the
      feedbacks are too much. The electrical storms during glacier laying
      events have been known to split house sized bolders with strikes. As
      the whole the EMF dynamic changes, the oceans drop and depressurize
      hydrates. Ice laid on the land prevents sedimentation from washing
      down rivers, and that prevents hydrate field nutrients and bouncy.
      Hydrates are only found along the shores because only there is the
      sedimentation there to keep them, lighter than the oceans, at the
      depths where they form. As the degree of places where hydrology is
      fed back, electrically, via hydrate fields, decreases, so does the
      global biosphere. The erosion of carbon and the cycling of it by the
      biosphere impacts conductivities as well. CO2 stirred in the oceans
      causes free electrons, which in turn increases conductivties with
      wind shifts. The SOI index is a good example of that. While wind
      driven inductions may be considered, the counter example of a
      tropical storm provides an answer why the stirring is more important
      over short periods of time. Tropical storms have winds of all
      directions, and hence should have, if induction were the only EMF
      conductivity issue, asymmetry. However, they are with winds in a
      circular pattern and have point EMFs that have been observed. The
      CO2 partial pressure changes have been observed as well, and during
      the time when the winds move, the relatively quiet eye will have a
      conductivity meaning! Again, it has to do with stirring of ocean
      surfaces and conductivities.

      There have been likewise observations of ocean tidal or gravitational
      waves and weather and climate observations brought on by changes in
      conductivities brought on by the stirring of the oceans that results.
      These direct observations have been confirmed by Keeling and Whorf
      and matched to the Little Ice Age cycle. The fact that the Danish
      research cannot explain the Little Ice Age cycle says volumes about
      its limitations but also what it means in the whole of things.

      Placing the Danish research in the context of CO2 from fossil fuels
      has led to another false indication by the false skeptics. That is,
      false skeptics will argue chaos then, chaos now, burn fossil fuels.
      Yet, CO2 is modulated but he biosphere in the context of each age.
      Even now, during an interglacial in terms of cosmic ray flux, CO2 is
      modulated toward a living earth, and CO2 has direct and important
      ELECTRICAL meaning. Indeed, it should be thought of as global FEVER,
      not global warming. The truth is the problem is modulation then,
      modulation now, don't create defects in biological feedback loops by
      taking that which is not in the biosphere and placing it there.
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