Divine discourse of His Holiness Shri Datta swami
There are three types of people. The first type of people are ordinary human beings who do not start the spiritual journey. They are strongly attracted by this world and these attractions are the qualities accumulated from millions of births in the soul. Such people are called as Ayukta (Ayuktah Kamakarena PhalesaktahGita). The second type of people are called as yogis who practice Yoga and who have not yet completed the training in Yoga. They cannot sacrifice their fruit of the work to the Lord. They can
sacrifice the work, devotion by mind, discussions with intelligence and any work with senses of their body like singing songs etc (Kayena Manasa BuddhyaGita). The third type of people are called as Yuktas, which means the people who have finished the training in Yoga. Such people sacrifice the fruit of work also along with the above (Yuktah KarmaphalamGita). The aspects to be achieved by Yoga are the equal reaction to all types of incidents and the reaction must be only peaceful undisturbed balance of mind (Sarvatra Samadarsanah, Prasanta ManasamGita). Another aspect is not to think of any worldly matter in leisure time. Such thinking will lead to loss of energy (Nakinchidapi ChintayetGita). Another aspect is to realise the achievement of grace of God as the highest profit in the life (Yamlabdhva NaparamGita). Another aspect of Yoga is to maintain constant mind even if a mountain of misery falls on you (Na Duhkhe na GurunapiGita). Another aspect of Yoga is not to have even a
single worldly desire in mind (Nisspruhah SarvaakamebhyahGita). Another aspect of Yoga is to control the worldly activities to the possible minimum level because if Gods grace is there, any worldly affair will succeed even with minimum effort (YuktacheshtasyaGita).
The Lord criticised both science and arts related to worldly aspects (Vedavadaratah, Trigunya VishayahGita). The Lord says that both are waste since you are not touching anything about the Lord (NamyadastitiGita). Such people are
attracted to the worldly selfish pleasures only and not to please the Lord. The dynamism observed in such people is also not appreciated by the Lord because both walking and running in the wrong direction are useless (Kriya Visesha BahulamGita). The Lord is giving stress on the devotees to cross the difference between good and bad faced in the world. You should be showing the same love and kindness to both good and bad people and also love friends and enemies in the same way. If you praise a good person and a friend and scold a bad person and enemy, you have failed in the Yoga. Tomorrow when you reach the Lord in the human form, He will appear bad and damage you like any. Then you will scold the Lord also. For example the devotees of Vishnu criticise Lord Siva, since Lord Siva appears with the qualities of Tamas. This is very important essence of Gita that one will succeed in the tests of the Lord in human form only if he raises himself above the three qualities (Satvam, Rajas and
Tamas). Therefore you should not be disturbed by the negative qualities or positive qualities in the world like insult and honour, enmity and friendship, loss and benefit, misery and happiness etc (GunanetanatetyatrinGita). Only such devotee can succeed the tests of the Lord and can please the Lord. This yukta state, which is the final stage of the Yoga, is called as the real sanyasa. Here the word sanyasa does not mean the external indications like saffron cloth, leaving the house etc (NaniragnihGita). The sanyasin is that person who has completely sacrificed everything and everyone for the sake of the service to the Lord. Such sanyasin or yukta alone can be fully blessed by the Lord and enters the innermost circle of the Lord (BrahmabhuyayaGita).
One should not think of leaving the family members and
house as the real spiritual step. You cannot get the grace of the Lord by simply sacrificing your house and family and claim that you have become the saint. The sacrifice should not be based on your effort and it should be a spontaneous consequence of the devotion to the Lord. Gopikas were wandering in Brindavanam leaving their families and the reason for such detachment was the attachment towards the Lord. They became mad due to the absence of the Lord and this madness cannot be compared to the madness of a person obtained by the shock of brain in an accident. In both cases the madness is same but the reasons are different. When Lord Krishna was staying with them, they neglected Him and were doing all their family duties. When the Gopikas were going to Madhura city to sell the butter, Krishna used to obstruct them. They were
requesting Him not to disturb their duties. But when Krishna left Brindavanam they became mad and left all the duties. The reason for this difference is that when the human incarnation is near negligence enters. Only in His absence the devotion reaches climax and this is human psychology. Human form itself leads to negligence and if such human form stays constantly near the negligence is doubled. By leaving the families and by simply wandering in Brindavanam, one will not become a Gopika. Of course, in the Yogavasishtam it is said that an ordinary human being should stay far from the attractions and this will help the concentration on the God initially. But the actual attachment towards the Lord is the only reason for spiritual development.
I will give an example. A boy is in love with a girl. In the beginning the boy would leave the house often in order to develop the affair with the girl. But one day the love reaches the climax and now the boy is prepared to leave the parents, house and a lot of property to run away with the girl. Now the reason for leaving the parents and property is love with that girl. Sometimes a boy having psychological disorder may also leave the house. Both the cases are quite different. But again one point should be remembered in such sacrifice. Sankara left His mother because she was fond of Sankara. This bond is a hindrance in the spiritual effort of Sankara. To avoid this Sankara left His mother. If His mother was congenial to the spiritual path of Sankara, Sankara would not have left His
mother. Therefore, one should leave the house only when the atmosphere is opposing your spiritual effort. Even in that case one should try his best to change the atmosphere by preaching the family members. Ramanuja left his wife when she continued to obstruct him from his spiritual path in spite of his repeated spiritual advises.
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa did not leave his wife since she was fully co-operating with his spiritual effort. Even if the atmosphere is neutral one should not leave the house and hurt others. Only in the case of extreme opposition one should leave the house and go away for the association of real devotees (NachasanyasanadevaGita).
posted by: His servant
at the lotus feet of shri datta swami
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