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spychic, subtle, causal, non-dual/Wilber

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  • satkartar7
    For Wilber the fundamental category is the holon, a term introduced by Koestler which implies that every entity and phenomenon in the universe it neither
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 31, 2003
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      For Wilber the fundamental category is
      the holon, a term introduced by Koestler
      which implies that every entity and phenomenon in the universe it neither
      merely a whole nor a part but both simultaneously.

      Using the concepts of hierarchy and
      holons, Wilber is able to clarify the
      nature of various hierarchies and their
      misuse. For example, most popular
      general systems theories of ecology and ecofeminism are based on some version
      of a holarchy of being, a kind of web
      of life. Humans are usually inserted
      into this web as one strand in or part
      of the biosphere or Gaia. At first
      glance this move seems very neat,
      organic and egalitarian.

      However, in what is perhaps the most intellectually challenging part of
      the book, Wilber demonstrates that
      things are not quite this simple. Hierarchically ordered structures and emergents (properties or capacities
      that emerge de novo at certain levels
      of hierarchy) cannot be interpreted
      simply in terms of, nor considered as
      parts of, lower order phenomena. For example, when atoms of hydrogen and
      oxygen combine, the result is a molecule
      of water with novel emergent
      properties, such as wetness.

      These emergent properties are totally unpredictable from the properties of
      its constituent atoms and cannot be
      described in terms of atoms--and, of
      course, the water molecule is not
      contained within its atoms.

      So too life, or the biosphere, is not
      simply contained in, reducible to, or explicable simply in terms of, the physiosphere: the realm of pure matter.
      Life has emergent properties not found
      in the properties of its chemical constituents. Life, in other words,
      has properties and capacities that
      seem to defy description in terms of
      the movements of the mere molecules. Likewise, the noosphere (the realm of sentient life) emerges from and is not
      simply in the biosphere. That is, the noosphere is not a component of the
      larger whole called biosphere but is
      an emergent that in some sense
      transcends it.

      Ontologically, the noosphere thus
      cannot be reduced to, or considered
      merely as, a strand of the biosphere.
      And humans are compound individuals
      comprised of all three "spheres" or
      levels; we cannot be regarded simply
      as strands of the biosphere which
      comprises only the physical and biological
      levels.

      This is a difficult but important
      argument which can only be sketched
      briefly here. It appears to resolve a
      number of puzzles that have plagued ecological thinking such as how one
      can accord greater value to some forms
      of life, including humans, than others
      while simultaneously honoring all life.

      Wilber argues at length that this
      perspective is not antiecological, as
      it might appear at first glance. Rather,
      he insists that it naturally results
      in an enhanced concern for life and the
      environment which are now recognized
      as parts of one's own compound
      individuality.

      The Four Quadrants

      The schemes and hierarchies considered
      so far all deal exclusively with
      exteriors since general systems theories
      try to be empirical. Hence they almost entirely overlook interiority or subjectivity. Systems theories are essentially theories of surfaces or exteriors.

      To understand interiors--subjectivity, experience and consciousness--requires another approach, namely empathy, introspection and interpretation. In
      short, systems theories have given us
      a very valuable but very partial view
      of systems and evolution. This in itself
      is not bad. However, major troubles
      ensue when systems scientists claim,
      as all too many of them do, to be
      mapping, or at least capable of mapping,
      all domains of reality

      very long:

      <http://cogweb.ucla.edu/CogSci/Walsh_on_Wilber_95.html>
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