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17852Yoga Is Put To The Test As A Modern Treatment For Psychiatric Disorders

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  • medit8ionsociety
    Sep 1, 2011
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      Yoga Is Put To The Test As A Modern Treatment
      For Psychiatric Disorders
      31 Aug 2011

      Yoga is commonly seen as a practice beneficial
      to body and mind. Increasingly, yoga is being
      taken a step further and applied as a form of
      complementary and alternative medicine in
      treating psychiatric disorders. Can this ancient
      lifestyle practice for spiritual awareness stand
      up to testing standards required by modern science
      to prove that it is an effective treatment?

      An article in the Summer 2011 issue of the journal
      Biofeedback examines how yoga is being applied as
      a therapy in disorders such as diabetes mellitus,
      hypertension, atherosclerosis, and neuropsychiatric
      disorders. Yoga as a treatment faces many challenges
      to being accepted by the general medical community,

      Clinical trials that meet the standards for
      evidence-based practice are needed. Yoga has
      to be tested to see not only if it works, but if
      it works as effectively as other treatments.
      Patients and doctors need reliable evidence to
      support the use of yoga as a therapy.

      Researchers recently completed a three-prong
      study comparing interventions as complementary
      treatment for outpatients with schizophrenia. The
      results for yoga therapy, exercise, and a control
      group on a waiting list for treatment were compared.
      This study confirmed the efficacy of yoga over
      both other options.

      Applying testing standards to yoga can be difficult
      though. It raises questions such as: What is a
      satisfactory placebo? How can patients and researchers
      be blinded to the intervention? And what is an
      accurate biological correlate to the illness? Testing
      the neurobiological effects of certain yoga practices
      on healthy subjects can provide evidence of its
      benefits, but not the direct cause-and-effect of
      clinical benefits for patients with psychiatric disorders.

      One study reported that OM chanting, a technique
      used in some yoga practices, produced deactivation
      in certain limbic areas of the brain. Patients with
      anxiety and depression have shown increased activation
      in these same areas. A direct link of deactivation
      in psychiatric patients has yet to be tested.

      However, another study showed positive biological
      results, using the Sudarshan Kriya form of yoga as
      a sole form of treatment for depression. The amplitude
      of brain electrical potential elicited by neutral
      stimuli increased over three months and reached
      that of healthy control subjects. Plasma cortisol
      levels, which can indicate stress or illness,
      were lower in those receiving yoga therapy,
      paralleling a reduction in depressive symptoms.

      Source: Allen Press Publishing Services
      Article URL: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/233596.php

      Also Appears In: Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine,

      This article is being shared for educational purposes
      only and not for any commercial purpose. It thus falls
      meets the requirements of the Fair Use statutes.